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Results 301 - 350 of 2524
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Hisaki Ichiro - - 2012
Intermolecular interactions of the cyclic conjugated molecule (DBA) with hydrogen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide molecules were evaluated by high level ab initio calculations.
Keshavarz Valian Hossein - - 2012
PURPOSE: The profile of central (=T(CM)) and effector (=T(EM)) memory CD4(+) T cell subsets and the possible role as surrogate markers of protection is studied in the volunteers with history of cutaneous leishmaniasis (HCL). METHODS: Profile of T cell subsets based on CCR7/CD45RA expressions and phenotypic changes after soluble Leishmania ...
Zhou Jing - - 2012
High-content cellomic analysis is a powerful tool for rapid screening of cellular responses to extracellular cues and examination of intracellular signal transduction pathways at the single-cell level. In conjunction with microfluidics technology that provides unique advantages in sample processing and precise control of fluid delivery, it holds great potential to ...
Shirazi Reza - - 2012
The evidence of germ cell derivation from embryonic and somatic stem cells provides an in vitro model for the study of germ cell development, the associated epigenetic modification and mammalian gametogenesis. More importantly, in vitro derived gametes also represent a potential strategy for treating infertility. In mammals, male and female ...
Morris Douglas R - - 2012
Criminal defendants adjudicated incompetent to stand trial are typically hospitalized for competence restoration in state institutions. Prolonged restoration hospitalizations involve civil rights concerns and increasing financial costs, and there remains interest in determining which individuals are likely to be successfully restored. We retrospectively reviewed hospital records of 455 male defendants ...
Ahmed Mona A - - 2012
Although the cardiovascular system is not a classical target for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3), both cardiac myocytes and vascular smooth muscle cells respond to this hormone. The present study aimed to elucidate the effect of active vitamin D(3) on cardiovascular functions in rats exposed to glucocorticoid excess. Adult male Wistar rats were ...
Fragaki Konstantina - - 2012
We report two children, born from consanguineous parents, who presented with early-onset refractory epilepsy associated with psychomotor delay, failure to thrive, blindness and deafness. Polarographic and spectrophotometric analyses in fibroblasts and liver revealed a respiratory chain (RC) dysfunction. Surprisingly, we identified a homozygous nonsense mutation in the GM3 synthase gene ...
Eustace Rosemary W - - 2012
AIM: This article presents a discussion on the role of family interventions in HIV/AIDS disease prevention and care. BACKGROUND: Although HIV/AIDS epidemic and its impact on the society traditionally has been measured in terms of individual risk behaviours and individual-level HIV prevention, HIV/AIDS family-focused prevention and management strategies are increasingly ...
Fox Liana - - 2012
Using data from the 1967-2009 years of the March Current Population Surveys (CPS), we examine two important resources for children's well-being: time and money. We document trends in parental employment, from the perspective of children, and show what underlies these trends. We find that increases in family work hours mainly reflect ...
Chiumello Davide - - 2012
PURPOSE: The computation of lung recruitability in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is advocated to set positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) for preventing lung collapse. The quantitative lung CT scan, obtained by manual image processing, is the reference method but it is time consuming. The aim of this study was to ...
Sun Jin - - 2012
Iron (Fe) can promote hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and hydroxyl radical generation in the colonic surface and promote growth of Fe-dependent bacteria. Some Lactobacillus strains are resistant to oxygen free-radicals, allowing them to survive in a Fe-modulated mucosal environment and influence colon microbial ecology and redox state. Here, we investigated the ...
Mi Gang - - 2012
Bismuth telluride (Bi(2)Te(3)) nanowires with sub-100 nm diameters were synthesized by Au-Sn co-catalyzed chemical vapor deposition. These Bi(2)Te(3) nanowires were single crystals with a hexagonal lattice. The Sn catalyst played a key role in achieving the one-dimensional nanowire structures, while the absence of Sn resulted in other morphologies such as ...
McCarthy Micheline - - 2012
Though well-known as a cause of liver disease, Hepatitis C virus infection is emerging as a cause of a variety of peripheral and central nervous system disorders. The virus causes chronic persistent infection with complex immune responses in the majority of individuals. Viral infection may have the potential to generate ...
Shirahata A - - 2012
We reported the results of a clinical pharmacological study of MC710 (a mixture of plasma-derived FVIIa and FX) in haemophilia patients with inhibitors during a non-haemorrhagic state. This report provides the results of a clot waveform analysis (CWA) and thrombin generation test (TGT) using blood samples obtained in this study. ...
Genaev Mikhail A - - 2012
Leaf pubescence (hairiness) in wheat plays an important biological role in adaptation to the environment. However, this trait has always been methodologically difficult to phenotype. An important step forward has been taken with the use of computer technologies. Computer analysis of a photomicrograph of a transverse fold line of a ...
Wu Ming-Hong - - 2012
Fourteen and 17 sediment samples were collected from three main rivers of Shanghai in July and November, respectively. Eight polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) congeners (BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, BDE-183, and BDE-209) were detected in these samples to clarify the pollution status in the metropolis. Instrumental analyses showed that ...
Ali Ahmed Shazalia M - - 2012
A simple, accurate, precise spectrofluorimetric method has been proposed for the determination of three cephalosporins, namely, cefixime (cefi), cephalexine (ceph), and cefotaxime sodium (cefo) in pharmaceutical formulations. This method is based on a reaction between cephalosporins with 8-hydroxy-1,3,6-pyrenetrisulfonic acid trisodium salt (HPTS) in alkaline medium, at pH 12.0 for cefi ...
Li Heng - - 2012
In the standard nanosecond laser photolysis method for kinetic studies, a Q-switched laser generates transient species, and absorption spectrophotometry provides a measure of their concentrations. The sample is placed between the monitoring source (a pulsed xenon arc or a flash lamp) and a monochromator, and a photomultiplier tube (PMT) is ...
Rocha Beatriz - - 2012
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), residing in bone marrow as well as in the synovial lining of joints, can be triggered to differentiate towards chondrocytes. Thus, hMSCs harbor great therapeutic potential for the repair of cartilage defects in osteoarthritis (OA) and other articular diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the ...
Thang T D - - 2012
The volatile compounds identified from four species of Annona from Vietnam are being reported. The oils were obtained from aliquots of plant samples by steam distillation and subjected to GC and GC-MS analysis. The main compounds of Annona glabra L., were β-caryophyllene (21.5%) germacrene D (17.7%), α-cadinol (5.4%) and β-elemene ...
Owers Corinne - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gastric banding is a well-recognized and common method of weight reduction surgery. Between November 2001 and September 2011, 1,100 laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding operations were performed in Sheffield. This study examines the long-term complication rate. METHODS: All available medical notes for patients undergoing gastric banding by one surgeon were ...
Madowitz J - - 2012
What is already known about this subject Overweight children are teased more than normal weight children. Weight-related teasing can come from a variety of sources. Weight-related teasing is associated with depression and disordered eating. What this study adds Overweight children who experience peer teasing have higher levels of depression and ...
Ondráček Martin - - 2012
We present a theoretical investigation of the influence of domain boundaries on the Ge/Si(111)-5 × 5 phase using both large-scale DFT simulations and an analytical model. It is shown that different boundary types modify the atomic and electronic structure of the adjoining 5 × 5 domains in very different ways. A simple theoretical model, ...
Reihmane Dace - - 2012
It has been suggested that exercise intensity is of importance in the regulation of increase in pro-inflammatory molecules, but there is still a debate about the effect of duration on these molecules. Therefore, the effect of exercise duration on the serum concentrations of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), soluble ...
Schwab Nicolas V - - 2012
Mass spectrometry (MS) is generally viewed as a highly complex and demanding technique, full of difficulties and apprehensions. Ease and simplicity are infrequently used descriptors of MS but a series of revolutionary developments is turning a complex technique into a model of simplicity, making MS easier than ever. Focusing on ...
Gunter Tracy D - - 2012
The objective of this study was to quantify the relative contributions of gender and traumatic life experience to psychiatric disorders in a sample of 320 offenders entering a state prison. Women were more likely than men to report traumatic events and personal and family mental health treatment histories; and were ...
Shyn A - - 2012
Zinc (Zn) is an essential micronutrient to aquatic organisms, but increased concentrations may result in accumulation and toxic effects. Water chemistry is known to influence the uptake of Zn in aquatic biota; therefore, organisms inhabiting environments with variable salinities may exhibit different patterns of Zn accumulation. Likewise, metal uptake can ...
Marieschi Matteo - - 2012
A method based on Sequence-Characterised Amplified Regions (SCARs) was developed from Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA markers (RAPDs) specific for Arnica montana L., Bixa orellana L., Calendula officinalis L., Carthamus tinctorius L., Crocus vernus L. (Hill), Curcuma longa L. and Hemerocallis sp., in order to detect these common bulking agents in ...
Zhang Suojun - - 2012
The mortality of patients with malignant gliomas remains high despite the advancement in multi-modal therapy including surgery, radio- and chemotherapy. Glioma stem cells (GSCs), sharing some characteristics with normal neural stem cells (NSCs), contribute to the cellular origin for primary gliomas and the recurrence of malignant gliomas after current conventional ...
Xuan Thanh Nguyen - - 2012
Background: The benefits of pharmaceutical innovations are widely diffused; they accrue to the healthcare providers, patients, employers, and manufacturers. We estimate the societal monetary benefits of simvastatin in Canada and its distribution among different beneficiaries overtime. Methods: Monetary benefits to developing and generic manufacturers were estimated by calculating public and ...
Steiner Israel - - 2012
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a severe, often fatal, opportunistic viral infection of the central nervous system that is mainly seen in the context of AIDS and certain monoclonal immune-suppressive therapies. The causative agent, a polyoma virus, named JC virus infects only humans and there is no animal model for ...
De Rouck Sofie - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Internet use became an integral part of the healthcare relationship. Literature indicates that the illness trajectory plays a role in the use of Internet as a health information tool. This study focuses on infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit. AIM: This study aims to understand how the ...
Hermann Manuel M - - 2012
Purpose:  To characterize the temporal occurrence of retinal detachments (RD) after cataract surgery. Methods:  In this retrospective, consecutive case series, we reviewed the charts of 798 pseudophakic patients with primary rhegmatogenous RD that underwent surgery between 1999 and 2009, at the Center of Ophthalmology, University of Cologne, Germany. Results:  Twenty-five ...
Zhu Gui-Ping - - 2012
This paper reports the investigation of mixing phenomena caused by the interaction between a uniform magnetic field and a magnetic fluid in a microfluidic chamber. The flow system consists of a water-based ferrofluid and a mixture of DI water and glycerol. Under a uniform magnetic field, the mismatch in magnetization ...
Dixon John B - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is strongly related to obesity. Weight loss is recommended as part of the overall management plan for obese patients diagnosed with OSA. To determine whether surgically induced weight loss is more effective than conventional weight loss therapy in the management of OSA. A randomized controlled trial ...
Doihara Chiho - - 2012
Suicide attempt is a risk factor for suicide. To investigate trait impulsivity among suicide attempters, 93 attempters admitted to an emergency department and 113 healthy controls were evaluated using the Japanese version of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11J). Impulsivity was analyzed in relation to clinical data in the attempters. Total ...
Suzuki Toshiro - - 2012
Mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney is a rare benign tumor that consists of both epithelial and stromal cells. To date, eight malignant cases have previously been reported in female patients only. We report the first case of malignant mixed epithelial and stromal tumor of the kidney in ...
Hajian-Tilaki Karimollah - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the role of different health belief model components in practice of breast cancer screening among Iranian women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 500 women aged 18-65 years was conducted in an urban population under the coverage of a health therapeutic ...
Sartorelli D S - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:To assess the performance of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for estimating ω-3, ω-6 and trans fatty acid intake during pregnancy. Moreover, we determined whether the fatty acid composition of mature breast milk represents a valuable biomarker for fatty acid intake during pregnancy.SUBJECTS/METHODS:A prospective study in 41 pregnant women, aged ...
Paul Somnath - - 2012
In the state of West Bengal in India, over 26 million individuals are exposed to arsenic via drinking water. Dermatological, non-dermatological disorders and cancers are associated with arsenic toxicity. Of late, there has been a decrease in the arsenic concentration in drinking water owing to governmental efforts, raising the possibility ...
Kurashige Takashi - - 2012
Alpha-synuclein (αS) is one of the major constituents of Lewy bodies (LBs). Several lines of evidence suggest that the autophagy-lysosome pathway (ALP) is involved in the removal of αS. We have previously reported that granulovacuolar degeneration (GVD) in neurons involved a subunit of the endosomal sorting complexes required for transport ...
Garcia Beate Hennie - - 2012
PURPOSE: Numerous studies have documented suboptimal adherence to guideline recommendations in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD(SP)). Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are continuously developed to define appropriate patient care, aiming to reduce risk of morbidity and death. The Medication Assessment Tool for CHD(SP) (MAT-CHD(SP)) was developed to assess adherence ...
Mahjouri Saara - - 2012
In May 2013 the APA will release DSM-5, which will restructure the diagnostic classification for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) into a single category. The proposed changes in DSM-5 aim to better reflect the current state of research by consistently identifying the core features in social/communication and restrictive and repetitive behaviors ...
Cui Guanglin - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. Interleukin (IL)-17A is an important pro-inflammatory cytokine and involved in the colorectal carcinogenesis. In this study, the authors evaluated the dynamic change of IL-17A expression in the tumor microenvironment throughout the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence. Materials & methods. Using quantitative real-time PCR (polymerase chain reaction) and semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry, the ...
Han Sun Sook - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of postoperative pain control and adverse effects of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) and multimodal shoulder injection after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. METHODS: Seventy patients scheduled for elective arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were prospectively randomized to receive either IV ...
Hurd Noelle M - - 2012
Positive relationships with parents and nonparental adults have the potential to bolster Black adolescents' socio-emotional well-being. Though each type of intergenerational relationship has been linked to more positive youth outcomes, few studies have examined the interactive influences of parenting and natural mentoring relationships on the socio-emotional development of Black youth. ...
Páez Yureidy Cabrera - - 2012
The Almendares River is the largest river draining the area around Havana City, Cuba. The watershed is heavily populated and industrialized, which has had a significant impact on the flow and water quality of the river. The main goal of this study was to analyze the spatial variability in dietary ...
Singh Pradeep Kumar - - 2012
Glomalin is abundant in soils and is closely correlated with aggregate water stability. Glomalin contains carbon and, hence, constitutes a non-trivial portion of the terrestrial carbon pool. Possibly far more importantly, however, stabilization of aggregates amplifies the role of glomalin in soils because carbonaceous compounds are protected from degradation inside ...
Miwa Yusuke - - 2012
PURPOSE: Depression in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients is more severe than in healthy people. Herein, we report improved depression in RA patients using biologic agents. We examined whether depression was improved by tacrolimus combination therapy when biologic agents were ineffective. METHOD: The study included 13 RA patients who used biologic ...
Oberlerchner Herwig - - 2012
In this article the fate of Mr. B. is described as an example for the fate of hundreds of mentally ill patients of the "Landes-Irrenanstalt of Klagenfurt", murdered during the era of National Socialism. This extraordinary fate marks two outstanding aspects of history of medicine, the treatment of syphilis with ...
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