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Results 201 - 250 of 2524
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Gezer M - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a less known condition in the practice of internal medicine, mostly due to lack of specific symptoms and low rates of physician awareness. However, cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence is not significantly different among patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic disease. Ankle brachial index (ABI) measurement is ...
Peruzzi N J - - 2012
Experimental studies have shown that hatching rate depends, among other factors, on the main physical characteristics of the eggs. The physical parameters used in our work were egg weight, eggshell thickness, egg sphericity, and yolk per albumen ratio. The relationships of these parameters in the incubation process were modeled by ...
Gorsane Mohamed-Ali - - 2012
ABSTRACT Baclofen, a γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-B receptor agonist, represents a promising drug in alcohol addiction management. Animal models have shown its action at various stages of the process of alcohol addiction. Moreover, initial open and randomized controlled trials have shown the efficacy of 30 mg/day baclofen on alcohol craving, intake, and ...
Gómez-Suaga Patricia - - 2012
Mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) represent a significant component of both sporadic and familial PD (Parkinson's disease). Pathogenic mutations cluster in the enzymatic domains of LRRK2, and kinase activity seems to correlate with cytotoxicity, suggesting the possibility of kinase-based therapeutic strategies for LRRK2-associated PD. Apart from cytotoxicity, changes ...
Tan Jing Wang - - 2012
This study was aimed to identify the potential indications for simultaneous resection of abdominal cancer and synchronous pancreaticoduodenal metastasis (SRAPM) and improve the efficacy of SRAPM. The data of 34 patients who underwent SRAPM were retrospectively reviewed. The intraoperative findings, morbidity and mortality, patterns of tumor invasion in the pancreas ...
Greer Lindred L - - 2012
  Intragroup conflicts often occur when people are called upon to collaborate in the accomplishment of a task. For example, when surgeons and nurses work together during an operation, conflicts may emerge because of differences in functional understanding. Whether these conflicts are beneficial or detrimental to team outcomes has been ...
Khajali F - - 2012
This article reviews the factors affecting the nutritive value of canola meal (CM), including glucosinolates, sinapine, phytic acid, tannins, dietary fiber, and electrolyte balance. It also addresses the means of improving the nutritive value of CM throughout seed dehulling, development of low-fiber canola, or application of feed enzymes. Over the ...
Tan Siok-Lay - - 2012
In the developing brain, neural progenitor cells switch differentiation competency by changing gene expression profiles that are governed partly by epigenetic control, such as histone modification, although the precise mechanism is unknown. Here we found that ESET (Setdb1), a histone H3 Lys9 (H3K9) methyltransferase, is highly expressed at early stages ...
Vásquez Desi Alonzo - - 2012
This is the 1st study to examine peritraumatic dissociation and peritraumatic emotions as they predict symptoms and diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Latino youth. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that the degree of peritraumatic dissociation would predict the number of PTSD symptoms and PTSD clinical diagnosis ...
Oh J-Y - - 2012
Virulent Escherichia coli strains have commonly been associated with diarrheal illness in humans and animals. Typical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) with intimin gene (eaeA) and E. coli adherence factor plasmid, or atypical EPEC with only eaeA have been implicated in human cases. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence ...
Tong Youren - - 2012
Mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) are the most common genetic cause of PD (Parkinson's disease). To investigate how mutations in LRRK2 cause PD, we generated LRRK2 mutant mice either lacking its expression or expressing the R1441C mutant form. Homozygous R1441C knockin mice exhibit no dopaminergic neurodegeneration or alterations ...
Bourdon Matthieu - - 2012
Endopolyploidy is a widespread process that corresponds to the amplification of the genome in the absence of mitosis. In tomato, very high ploidy levels (up to 256C) are reached during fruit development, concomitant with very large cell sizes. Using cellular approaches (fluorescence and electron microscopy) we provide a structural analysis ...
Babcock Rebecca L - - 2012
Child abuse perpetrated by a close other, such as a parent, is linked to a wide range of detrimental effects, including an increased risk of self-blame. The current study evaluated whether experiences of childhood betrayal trauma were linked to self-blame following victimization in adulthood. A diverse sample of women (n = 230) ...
Okamura M - - 2012
Vaccination of poultry is one promising strategy to mitigate Salmonella infection in poultry and, in turn, humans as well. We evaluated the efficacy of outer membrane protein A (OmpA) as a novel vaccine candidate against Salmonella in poultry. Native OmpA purified from Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was mixed with adjuvant ...
Virolainen Sini-Maaria - - 2012
Diverse mechanisms regulate development of GABAergic neurons in different regions of the central nervous system. We have addressed the roles of a proneural gene, Ascl1, and a postmitotic selector gene, Gata2, in the differentiation of GABAergic neuron subpopulations in three diencephalic prosomeres: prethalamus (P3), thalamus (P2) and pretectum (P1). Although ...
Long F Y - - 2012
The immunoregulatory actions of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) of relevance immunosuppression were investigated. To test the hypothesis that CLA ameliorate immunosuppression, we developed the immunosuppressive model of peripheral blood T lymphocytes in broiler chickens induced by cyclosporin A. Peripheral blood T lymphocytes of broiler chickens were cultured with media containing ...
Tamiola Kamil - - 2012
NMR spectroscopy offers the unique possibility to relate the structural propensities of disordered proteins and loop segments of folded peptides to biological function and aggregation behaviour. Backbone chemical shifts are ideally suited for this task, provided that appropriate reference data are available and idiosyncratic sensitivity of backbone chemical shifts to ...
Chrysostomou Elena - - 2012
The formation of the salt-and-pepper mosaic of hair cells and supporting cells in the sensory epithelia of the inner ear is regulated by Notch signalling and lateral inhibition, but the dynamics of this process and precise mode of action of delta-like 1 (Dll1) in this context are unclear. Here, we ...
Suh Hee-Yeon - - 2012
To propose a more accurate method to predict the soft tissue changes after orthognathic surgery. The subjects included 69 patients who had undergone surgical correction of Class III mandibular prognathism by mandibular setback. Two multivariate methods of forming prediction equations were examined using 134 predictor and 36 soft tissue response ...
Manzoni Claudia - - 2012
LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) is an enzyme implicated in human disease, containing kinase and GTPase functions within the same multidomain open reading frame. Dominant mutations in the LRRK2 gene are the most common cause of familial PD (Parkinson's disease). Additionally, in genome-wide association studies, the LRRK2 locus has been ...
Bottje W G - - 2012
Global RNA expression in breast muscle obtained from a male broiler line phenotyped for high or low feed efficiency (FE) was investigated using microarray analysis. Microarray procedures and validation were reported previously. By using an overlay function of a software program (Ingenuity Pathway Analysis, IPA) in which canonical pathways are ...
Lazzaro Marc A - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) remains a poorly understood and therapeutically challenging disease. Enthusiasm has emerged for endovascular therapy with stent reconstruction of dural sinus narrowing; however, a complete understanding of the hydrodynamic dysequilibrium is lacking. OBJECTIVE:: To review and characterize catheter manometry findings including pulsatility changes within the venous ...
Bravo-San Pedro José M - - 2012
PD (Parkinson's disease) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by loss of dopamine-generating cells in the substantia nigra. The implication of genetic factors in the aetiology of PD has an essential importance in our understanding of the development of the disease. Mutations in the LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) gene cause ...
Bivard A - - 2012
There is mounting evidence that shows how poorly non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) performs in the first three-hours after stroke onset compared to Diffusion weighted (DWI) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is time to move into the 21st century and use more advanced imaging ...
Wang Shi Dong - - 2012
To investigate the potential effect of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) on the prevention and treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups (the control group, GBE group, high-fat diet [HFD] group and HFD + GBE group). The human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line (HepG2) was treated ...
Zhai W - - 2012
Effects of dietary methionine (Met) on pectoralis muscle development and the effect that Met as a nutritional substrate has on protein expression of skeletal muscle cells of pectoralis muscle of chickens were evaluated in this study. Broiler chickens received a common pretest diet up to 21 d of age and ...
Manno Emilpaolo - - 2012
: Ultrasound can influence the diagnosis and impact the treatment plan in critical patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether, without encountering major environment- or patient-related limitations, ultrasound examination under a critical care ultrasonography protocol can be performed to detect occult anomalies, to prompt urgent changes in ...
Mohokum M - - 2012
Vasospastic disorders of the digital circulation such as the Raynaud's syndrome (RS) are known side-effects of treatment of interferons. The prevalence of RS in patients during treatment with interferons agents is not well-defined. The objective of this paper was to assess the prevalence of RS in patients receiving interferons - ...
Pan Hubert - - 2012
: Frameless stereotactic radiosurgery is commonly used to treat intracranial metastases, but mask-based immobilization can be uncomfortable for patients. : To describe the clinical outcomes using a novel real-time, frameless, surface imaging--guided radiosurgery (SIG-RS) technique to treat brain metastases. : Data were prospectively gathered for 44 consecutive patients totaling 115 ...
Jones D R - - 2012
Dynamic and static shell properties of eggs provide important insight to egg quality. Understanding how processing and handling procedures affect both dynamic and static shell properties can enhance the safety and quality of eggs reaching the consumer. A study was conducted to determine if dynamic shell properties were altered due ...
Motlagh Hesam N - - 2012
Allostery is a biological phenomenon of critical importance in metabolic regulation and cell signalling. The fundamental premise of classical models that describe allostery is that structure mediates 'action at a distance'. Recently, this paradigm has been challenged by the enrichment of IDPs (intrinsically disordered proteins) or ID (intrinsically disordered) segments ...
Beeckman Tom - - 2012
The third EMBO Conference on Plant Molecular Biology, which focused on 'Plant development and environmental interactions', was held in May 2012 in Matera, Italy. Here, we review some of the topics and themes that emerged from the various contributions; namely, steering technologies, transcriptional networks and hormonal regulation, small RNAs, cell ...
Andziak P - - 2012
Seroepidemiological studies have given rise to the hypothesis that microorganisms like Chlamydia pneumoniae (CP), Helicobacter pylori (HP), cytomegalovirus (CMV), HCV types 1 and 2, and bacteria involved in dental or other unspecified infection sites may initiate or maintain the atherosclerotic process in lower limb arteries. However, not much attention has ...
Chen Wei-Hsi - - 2012
ABSTRACT Paramethoxymethamphetamine (PMMA) is an emerging and prevalent psychoactive drug with a structure analogous to amphetamine and related psychostimulants. However, the neurobehavioral effect is only studied in experimental animals and is barely mentioned in human. The authors report the antemortem neurobehavioral manifestations in 8 patients with PMMA use. There were ...
Hincha Dirk K - - 2012
LEA (late embryogenesis abundant) proteins were originally described almost 30 years ago as accumulating late in plant seed development. They were later found to be induced in vegetative plant tissues under environmental stress conditions and also in desiccation-tolerant micro-organisms and invertebrates. Although they are widely assumed to play crucial roles in ...
Lorthongpanich Chanchao - - 2012
The inside-outside model has been invoked to explain cell-fate specification of the pre-implantation mammalian embryo. Here, we investigate whether cell-cell interaction can influence the fate specification of embryonic blastomeres by sequentially separating the blastomeres in two-cell stage mouse embryos and continuing separation after each cell division throughout pre-implantation development. This ...
Xu Lauren - - 2012
SUMMARY: 'Bronchioloalveolar carcinoma' (BAC) is a designation that has been in use for over 50 years. Recently, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, in association with the American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society (IASLC/ATS/ERS) has recommended dropping the term altogether. It is argued that 'BAC' ...
Cook David A - - 2012
As medical education research continues to proliferate, evidence syntheses will become increasingly important. The purpose of this article is to provide a concise and practical guide to the conduct and reporting of systematic reviews.   (i) Define a focused question addressing the population, intervention, comparison (if any) and outcomes. (ii) ...
Lau On Sun - - 2012
The plant stomatal lineage manifests features common to many developmental contexts: precursor cells are chosen from an initially equivalent field of cells, undergo asymmetric and self-renewing divisions, communicate among themselves and respond to information from a distance. As we review here, the experimental accessibility of these epidermal lineages, particularly in ...
Germain Ronald N - - 2012
Because of the potent effector mechanisms of the immune system, the potential for self-destructive immune responses is especially high and many negative regulatory modalities exist to prevent excessive tissue damage. This Commentary places such regulatory mechanisms in the larger context of system organization on many scales. The sometimes counterintuitive nature ...
Stevenson William - - 2012
To evaluate the utility and allogenicity of gamma-irradiated corneal allografts. Corneal buttons were harvested from C57BL/6 mice and decellularized with gamma irradiation. Cell viability was assessed using TUNEL and viability/cytotoxicity assays. Orthotopic penetrating keratoplasty was performed using irradiated or nonirradiated (freshly excised) C57BL/6 donor grafts and BALB/c or C57BL/6 recipients. ...
Xiong Yulan - - 2012
Mutations in the LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) gene are the most frequent genetic cause of PD (Parkinson's disease), and these mutations play important roles in sporadic PD. The LRRK2 protein contains GTPase and kinase domains and several protein-protein interaction domains. The kinase and GTPase activity of LRRK2 seem to ...
Choy Meng S - - 2012
PP1 (protein phosphatase 1) is an essential serine/threonine phosphatase that plays a critical role in a broad range of biological processes, from muscle contraction to memory formation. PP1 achieves its biological specificity by forming holoenzymes with more than 200 known regulatory proteins. Interestingly, most of these regulatory proteins (≥ 70%) ...
Barbar Elisar - - 2012
In the present paper, I report the molecular overlap of the linkage of three essential protein complexes that co-ordinate the formation of the mitotic spindle. These proteins are dynein, a large motor complex that moves machinery inside cells, and two of its regulators: a protein complex called dynactin, a dynein ...
Yajima Mamiko - - 2012
The process of germ line determination involves many conserved genes, yet is highly variable. Echinoderms are positioned at the base of Deuterostomia and are crucial to understanding these evolutionary transitions, yet the mechanism of germ line specification is not known in any member of the phyla. Here we demonstrate that ...
Sanchez de Groot Natalia N MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, U.K. - - 2012
Protein aggregation is being found to be associated with an increasing number of human diseases. Aggregation can lead to a loss of function (lack of active protein) or to a toxic gain of function (cytotoxicity associated with protein aggregates). Although potentially harmful, protein sequences predisposed to aggregation seem to be ...
Williamson Mike P MP Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Firth Court, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, U.K. - - 2012
IDPs (intrinsically disordered proteins) are common in eukaryotic genomes and have regulatory roles. In the cell, they are disordered, although not completely random. They bind weakly, but specifically, often remaining partially disordered even when bound. Whereas folded globular proteins have 'executive' roles in the cell, IDPs have an essential administrative ...
Sloan Maximilian M Oxford Parkinson's Disease Centre, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QX, - - 2012
Mutations in the LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) gene on chromosome 12 cause autosomal dominant PD (Parkinson's disease), which is indistinguishable from sporadic forms of the disease. Numerous attempts have therefore been made to model PD in rodents via the transgenic expression of LRRK2 and its mutant variants and to ...
Hartfield Elizabeth M EM Oxford Parkinson's Disease Centre, Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QX, U.K. - - 2012
iPSCs (induced pluripotent stem cells) offer an unparalleled opportunity to generate and study physiologically relevant cell types in culture. iPSCs can be generated by reprogramming almost any somatic cell type using pluripotency factors such as Oct4, SOX2, Nanog and Klf4. By reprogramming cells from patients carrying disease-associated mutations, and subsequent ...
Mashour George A GA Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5048, USA. - - 2012
Intraoperative awareness with explicit recall occurs in approximately 0.15% of all surgical cases. Efficacy trials based on the Bispectral Index® (BIS) monitor (Covidien, Boulder, CO) and anesthetic concentrations have focused on high-risk patients, but there are no effectiveness data applicable to an unselected surgical population. We conducted a randomized controlled ...
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