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Results 201 - 250 of 2543
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Stack Kathleen Marie - - 2012
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to discover the utility, barriers, and experiences with the use of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) as a learning resource in the medical school curriculum. A third-year medical student cohort and a psychiatric educator group were queried about learned experiential lessons, attendance requirements, attitudes, and ...
Paltamaa Jaana J JAMK University of Applied Sciences, School of Health and Social Studies, Jyväskylä, Finland. - - 2012
To determine the effects of physiotherapy interventions on balance in people with multiple sclerosis. A systematic literature search was conducted in Medline, Cinahl, Embase, PEDro, both electronically and by manual search up to March 2011. Randomized controlled trials of physiotherapy interventions in people with multiple sclerosis, with an outcome measure ...
Taymans Jean-Marc - - 2012
LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) is a large protein encoding multiple functional domains, including two catalytically active domains, a kinase and a GTPase domain. The LRRK2 GTPase belongs to the Ras-GTPase superfamily of GTPases, more specifically to the ROC (Ras of complex proteins) subfamily. Studies with recombinant LRRK2 protein purified ...
Myrick Amie C - - 2012
Although treatment outcome research on dissociative disorders (DD) is increasing, an examination of treatment progress in young adults with these disorders remains noticeably absent from the literature. Many studies of DD patients report mean ages over 35. The present study examined the response to treatment of a subsample of young ...
Jiao P R - - 2012
Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) is an important membrane-bound receptor for recognizing double-stranded RNA in innate immunity. In this study, we described the cloning and characterization of the Muscovy duck TLR3 (MdTLR3) gene. The full-length MdTLR3 cDNA (2,836 bp) encoded a polypeptide of 895 amino acids. The deduced amino acid sequence ...
Zhao Jing - - 2012
Mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) have been linked to inherited forms of PD (Parkinson's disease). Substantial pre-clinical research and drug discovery efforts have focused on LRRK2 with the hope that small-molecule inhibitors of the enzyme may be valuable for the treatment or prevention of the onset of PD. ...
McLachlan Emma - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 963-973 Context  It is important to know how patients are affected by becoming opportunistically involved in medical student education. In previous studies, researchers rather than patients set the research agenda and expert patients or people well known to teachers were more often involved than ordinary people. ...
- - 2012
The following five articles have been retracted from Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, and the Editor and the publisher of the journal: Avramova, Y.R., Stapel, D.A. & Lerouge, D. (2010). The influence of mood on attribution. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, ...
Yuan P - - 2012
Marek's disease (MD) is a lymphoproliferative disease of chickens caused by MD virus and has an important impact on the poultry industry worldwide. There have been reports showing different physiological characteristics between MD susceptible and resistant chickens. However, little is known about whether there are differences in lipid metabolism between ...
Cuchillo Rémi - - 2012
IDPs (intrinsically disordered proteins) play crucial roles in many important cellular processes such as signalling or transcription and are attractive therapeutic targets for several diseases. The considerable structural flexibility of IDPs poses a challenge for rational drug discovery approaches. Consequently, structure-based drug design efforts to date have mostly focused on ...
Voronina Ekaterina E Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2012
In the C. elegans germline, maintenance of undifferentiated stem cells depends on the PUF family RNA-binding proteins FBF-1 and FBF-2. FBF-1 and FBF-2 are 89% identical and are required redundantly to silence the expression of mRNAs that promote meiosis. Here we show that, despite their extensive sequence similarity, FBF-1 and ...
Tong Youren - - 2012
Mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) are the most common genetic cause of PD (Parkinson's disease). To investigate how mutations in LRRK2 cause PD, we generated LRRK2 mutant mice either lacking its expression or expressing the R1441C mutant form. Homozygous R1441C knockin mice exhibit no dopaminergic neurodegeneration or alterations ...
Bourdon Matthieu - - 2012
Endopolyploidy is a widespread process that corresponds to the amplification of the genome in the absence of mitosis. In tomato, very high ploidy levels (up to 256C) are reached during fruit development, concomitant with very large cell sizes. Using cellular approaches (fluorescence and electron microscopy) we provide a structural analysis ...
Babcock Rebecca L - - 2012
Child abuse perpetrated by a close other, such as a parent, is linked to a wide range of detrimental effects, including an increased risk of self-blame. The current study evaluated whether experiences of childhood betrayal trauma were linked to self-blame following victimization in adulthood. A diverse sample of women (n = 230) ...
Okamura M - - 2012
Vaccination of poultry is one promising strategy to mitigate Salmonella infection in poultry and, in turn, humans as well. We evaluated the efficacy of outer membrane protein A (OmpA) as a novel vaccine candidate against Salmonella in poultry. Native OmpA purified from Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis was mixed with adjuvant ...
Choy Meng S - - 2012
PP1 (protein phosphatase 1) is an essential serine/threonine phosphatase that plays a critical role in a broad range of biological processes, from muscle contraction to memory formation. PP1 achieves its biological specificity by forming holoenzymes with more than 200 known regulatory proteins. Interestingly, most of these regulatory proteins (≥ 70%) ...
Quirk F - - 2012
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a common cause of impaired quality of life and reduced life expectancy in older adults. An important component of PAD management is improvement in health behavior, but few effective means to achieve this have been identified. The aim of the present study was to assess ...
Mills Ryan D - - 2012
Various investigators have identified the major domain organization of LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2), which includes a GTPase ROC (Ras of complex proteins) domain followed by a COR (C-terminal of ROC) domain and a protein kinase domain. In addition, there are four domains composed of structural repeat motifs likely to ...
Choi K S - - 2012
In total, 39 clinical cases of fowl adenoviruses (FAdV) infection in chickens (28 broiler, 7 native, and 4 layer chickens) between 2007 and 2010 in Korea were investigated. The FAdV types 4, 8b, and 11 comprised 18, 9, and 12 clinical cases, respectively. All FAdV type 4 cases showed clinical ...
van Kasteren Sander - - 2012
Post-translational modifications of proteins can have dramatic effect on the function of proteins. Significant research effort has gone into understanding the effect of particular modifications on protein parameters. In the present paper, I review some of the recently developed tools for the synthesis of proteins modified with single post-translational modifications ...
Kotsikoris I - - 2012
Management of pseudoaneurysms in intravenous drug users poses many questions regarding need for revascularization and type of surgery. The aim of this study was to report on the frequency and management of femoral artery pseudoaneurysms in our department during the last twelve years. Retrospective report on patients hospitalized in the ...
Goh S G - - 2012
This study aimed to determine the prevalence Listeria monocytogenes in raw chicken meat samples at hypermarkets and wet markets. Chicken drumsticks, breasts, and thighs were randomly selected. The most probable number (MPN) PCR method was used to quantify the L. monocytogenes in the samples. Listeria monocytogenes was detected in 20% ...
Acosta E - - 2012
The weight of 6- and 7-d-old chicken embryos and their chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), vascular density, protein immunoexpression, and mRNA of hypoxia inducible factor 2 (HIF-2α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF-A), and its type receptor 2 (FLK-1) in the CAM were compared in subjects incubated at 2 different altitudes: 355 and ...
Sanchez de Groot Natalia N MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QH, U.K. - - 2012
Protein aggregation is being found to be associated with an increasing number of human diseases. Aggregation can lead to a loss of function (lack of active protein) or to a toxic gain of function (cytotoxicity associated with protein aggregates). Although potentially harmful, protein sequences predisposed to aggregation seem to be ...
Virolainen Sini-Maaria - - 2012
Diverse mechanisms regulate development of GABAergic neurons in different regions of the central nervous system. We have addressed the roles of a proneural gene, Ascl1, and a postmitotic selector gene, Gata2, in the differentiation of GABAergic neuron subpopulations in three diencephalic prosomeres: prethalamus (P3), thalamus (P2) and pretectum (P1). Although ...
Long F Y - - 2012
The immunoregulatory actions of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) of relevance immunosuppression were investigated. To test the hypothesis that CLA ameliorate immunosuppression, we developed the immunosuppressive model of peripheral blood T lymphocytes in broiler chickens induced by cyclosporin A. Peripheral blood T lymphocytes of broiler chickens were cultured with media containing ...
Kim H W - - 2012
The objectives of this study were to evaluate effects of rigor state, thawing temperature, and processing on the physicochemical properties of intact frozen duck breast muscle and homogenates prepared with the frozen-thawed muscles. Prerigor breast muscle was frozen at -25°C and thawed at 4 and 15°C, and the physicochemical properties ...
de Jong Ingrid G M IG Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University Medical Center Groningen, 9713 GZ Groningen, The - - 2012
To assess whether children/adolescents with unilateral congenital below elbow deficiency experience activity or participation limitations and how they deal with those limitations. A qualitative study using online focus group interviews was held with 42 children/adolescents (in 3 age groups: 8-12, 13-16, and 17-20 years), 17 parents and 19 health professionals. ...
Tamiola Kamil - - 2012
NMR spectroscopy offers the unique possibility to relate the structural propensities of disordered proteins and loop segments of folded peptides to biological function and aggregation behaviour. Backbone chemical shifts are ideally suited for this task, provided that appropriate reference data are available and idiosyncratic sensitivity of backbone chemical shifts to ...
Chrysostomou Elena E University College London, The Ear Institute, 332 Gray's Inn Road, London WC1X 8EE, - - 2012
The formation of the salt-and-pepper mosaic of hair cells and supporting cells in the sensory epithelia of the inner ear is regulated by Notch signalling and lateral inhibition, but the dynamics of this process and precise mode of action of delta-like 1 (Dll1) in this context are unclear. Here, we ...
Suh Hee-Yeon - - 2012
To propose a more accurate method to predict the soft tissue changes after orthognathic surgery. The subjects included 69 patients who had undergone surgical correction of Class III mandibular prognathism by mandibular setback. Two multivariate methods of forming prediction equations were examined using 134 predictor and 36 soft tissue response ...
Mashour George A GA Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-5048, USA. - - 2012
Intraoperative awareness with explicit recall occurs in approximately 0.15% of all surgical cases. Efficacy trials based on the Bispectral Index® (BIS) monitor (Covidien, Boulder, CO) and anesthetic concentrations have focused on high-risk patients, but there are no effectiveness data applicable to an unselected surgical population. We conducted a randomized controlled ...
Williamson Mike P MP Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, University of Sheffield, Firth Court, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, U.K. - - 2012
IDPs (intrinsically disordered proteins) are common in eukaryotic genomes and have regulatory roles. In the cell, they are disordered, although not completely random. They bind weakly, but specifically, often remaining partially disordered even when bound. Whereas folded globular proteins have 'executive' roles in the cell, IDPs have an essential administrative ...
Berge C - - 2012
Repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) is reported to have a higher mortality in women than in men. The aim was to study whether this difference could be verified in our institution and secondary if difference in risk- and complication profiles could explain the higher 30 day mortality after ...
Mikulski D - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of dietary probiotic Pediococcus acidilactici (PA) strain MA18/5M on performance, egg traits, egg cholesterol content, and fatty acid composition in laying hens during a 24-wk period. A total of 222 Hy-Line Brown laying hens, 22 wk of age, were divided ...
Harris Sion Kim - - 2012
ABSTRACT Professional guidelines recommend annual screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) as part of health maintenance for all adolescents, but reported screening rates have been low and no report has documented the techniques being used. The objective of this study was to describe the results of a statewide ...
Lauckner Heidi - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 992-1000 Context  Despite movement towards active patient involvement in the education of health professionals, explorations of the experiences of patient-educators beyond descriptive research are limited. Objectives  The purpose of this study was to identify the positive and negative factors that contributed to the experiences of patient-educators ...
Yair R - - 2012
The development of broilers is an extreme example of rapid growth, increasing in weight from 40 g at hatch to 2,000 g 5 to 6 wk later. Such rapid growth requires a correspondingly fast development of the skeleton. Bone development is a genetically programmed process that is modified by epigenetic ...
Smith Justin S - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: Improved understanding of rod fracture (RF) in adult spinal deformity could be valuable for implant design, surgical planning, and patient counseling. OBJECTIVE:: To evaluate symptomatic RF after posterior instrumented fusion for adult spinal deformity. METHODS:: A multicenter, retrospective review of RF in adult spinal deformity was performed. Inclusion criteria ...
Lewis Patrick A PA Department of Molecular Neuroscience, UCL Institute of Neurology, Queen Square, London WC1N 3BG, U.K. - - 2012
LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) is a gene of unknown function that has been linked to a number a human diseases, including PD (Parkinson's disease), IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), leprosy and cancer. The papers from the LRRK2: Function and Dysfunction meeting in this issue of Biochemical Society Transactions explore our ...
Tan Siok-Lay - - 2012
In the developing brain, neural progenitor cells switch differentiation competency by changing gene expression profiles that are governed partly by epigenetic control, such as histone modification, although the precise mechanism is unknown. Here we found that ESET (Setdb1), a histone H3 Lys9 (H3K9) methyltransferase, is highly expressed at early stages ...
Vásquez Desi Alonzo - - 2012
This is the 1st study to examine peritraumatic dissociation and peritraumatic emotions as they predict symptoms and diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Latino youth. Our aim was to test the hypothesis that the degree of peritraumatic dissociation would predict the number of PTSD symptoms and PTSD clinical diagnosis ...
Oh J-Y - - 2012
Virulent Escherichia coli strains have commonly been associated with diarrheal illness in humans and animals. Typical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) with intimin gene (eaeA) and E. coli adherence factor plasmid, or atypical EPEC with only eaeA have been implicated in human cases. In the present study, we investigated the prevalence ...
Grayson Martha S - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 983-991 Context  With impending health care reform in the USA, there is an imperative to increase the number of students choosing primary care (PC) careers. Research is needed to better understand the roles of economic factors in medical student career choice. The objective of this study ...
Anwar H - - 2012
Dietary zinc was used to induce molt in 200 White Leghorn birds in caged housing at the age of 70 wk. The birds were equally and randomly allocated to 4 groups each of 50 birds as G1 (control; CP 16%, no supplement), G2 (CP 18%, no other supplement), G3 (CP ...
Suzuki Hitomi - - 2012
Sarcoidosis is a heterogeneous and multisystem granulomatous disorder. The etiology still is uncertain, but the disease currently is thought to be triggered by various genetic as well as environmental factors. Recently, an association between sarcoidosis and the butyrophilin-like 2 (BTNL2) gene located in close proximity to the HLA-DRB1 gene was ...
Civiero Laura - - 2012
Mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) are associated with both familial and sporadic PD (Parkinson's disease). LRRK1 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 1) shares a similar domain structure with LRRK2, but it is not linked to PD. LRRK proteins belong to a gene family known as ROCO, which codes for large ...
Ruan W K - - 2012
Toll-like receptors (TLR) mediate immune responses via the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns, thus playing important roles in host defense. Among the chicken (Ch) TLR family, ChTLR1, 2, 4, 15, and 21 were shown to recognize bacterial components. In our earlier study, we reported polymorphisms of TLR1, 2, and 5. ...
Dzamko Nicolas - - 2012
Missense mutations in LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat kinase 2) contribute significantly to autosomal dominant PD (Parkinson's disease). Genome-wide association studies have suggested further that mutations in LRRK2 comprise a risk factor for sporadic PD. How LRRK2 contributes to PD, however, is largely unknown. Recent work has shown that LRRK2 is highly ...
Vernooij Meike W - - 2012
There is growing evidence linking microbleeds to macrobleeding in selected patient populations. Yet, prospective data in unselected populations are scarce. The high prevalence of microbleeds and relatively low incidence of symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage suggest that it may be a specific sub-group of persons with microbleeds developing macrobleeding. This may be ...
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