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Results 401 - 450 of 2737
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Grouneva Irina - - 2012
The comparative study of photosynthetic regulation in the thylakoid membrane of different phylogenetic groups can yield valuable insights into mechanisms, genetic requirements and redundancy of regulatory processes. This review offers a brief summary on the current understanding of light harvesting and photosynthetic electron transport regulation in different photosynthetic eukaryotes, with ...
Teets Nicholas M - - 2012
The Antarctic midge, Belgica antarctica, experiences sub-zero temperatures and desiccating conditions for much of the year, and in response to these environmental insults, larvae undergo rapid shifts in metabolism, mobilizing carbohydrate energy reserves to promote synthesis of low-molecular-mass osmoprotectants. In this study, we measured the expression of 11 metabolic genes ...
Dual Jürg - - 2012
Acoustic radiation forces are increasingly used for the handling of micron sized particles (cells, functionalized beads, etc.) suspended in a fluid in the chamber of a manipulation device. The primary radiation forces arise as a nonlinear effect when an acoustic wave interacts with a particle. For specific robotic applications, precise ...
Salgado Paulo - - 2012
In North Vietnam, during winter, alternative forage resources are needed to balance the feed ration of dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of oat forage as a component of traditional winter roughage diets on feed intake, milk production and feeding cost in dairy cows. ...
Lee Sophie - - 2012
PURPOSE: Treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin and prednisone (CHOP) is known to be associated with a significant risk of febrile neutropenia (FN) of up to 50 % [Osby et al. 2003 Blood 101(10): 3840-3848; Lyman and Delgado 2003 Cancer 98(11): 2402-2409]. This study sought to examine the ...
Guglin Maya - - 2012
Ivabradine, a selective I f current inhibitor, decreasing the heart rate in those with sinus rhythm, has been added to the most recent European guidelines on heart failure. It is indicated in addition to beta blockers in patients with decreased left ventricular ejection fraction and sinus rate of over 70 ...
Vilchez David - - 2012
Embryonic stem cells can replicate continuously in the absence of senescence and, therefore, are immortal in culture. Although genome stability is essential for the survival of stem cells, proteome stability may have an equally important role in stem-cell identity and function. Furthermore, with the asymmetric divisions invoked by stem cells, ...
Spandana B - - 2012
Microsatellites, also known as simple sequence repeats (SSRs), are the class of repetitive DNA sequences present throughout the genome of many plant and animal species. Recent advances in molecular genetics had been the introduction of microsatellite markers to investigate the genetic structuring of natural plant populations. We have employed an ...
Ottink Dirk A - - 2012
PURPOSE: Previous experience has revealed excellent outcomes when using the Meniscus Arrow (Conmed Linvatec Ltd., Tampere, Finland) bioabsorable meniscal repair system for the fixation of small fracture fragments. This study describes the results of the fixation of Mason type 2 radial head fractures with these Arrows in a prospective series ...
Vendramini Maria Cláudia Ramalho - - 2012
Because of the increasing medical-veterinary importance of ticks, the development of alternative control methods, less aggressive to the host and the environment has become the target of several researches. In this sense, the present study analyzed the action of different concentrations (5, 10, and 20%) of andiroba seed oil (Carapa ...
Winter Anja - - 2012
Drug discovery has classically targeted the active sites of enzymes or ligand-binding sites of receptors and ion channels. In an attempt to improve selectivity of drug candidates, modulation of protein-protein interfaces (PPIs) of multiprotein complexes that mediate conformation or colocation of components of cell-regulatory pathways has become a focus of ...
Guarneri Marco - - 2012
The intima-media thickness (IMT) is considered as a surrogate marker for atherosclerotic disease. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship of carotid IMT with fetuin-A in patients with essential hypertension (EH) and normal renal function. The plasma levels of fetuin-A, interleukin 6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) ...
Voorspoels Wouter - - 2012
The finding that the typicality gradient in goal-derived categories is mainly driven by ideals rather than by exemplar similarity has stood uncontested for nearly three decades. Due to the rather rigid earlier implementations of similarity, a key question has remained-that is, whether a more flexible approach to similarity would alter ...
Zhang Aihua - - 2012
Metabolomics is the systematic study of the unique chemical fingerprints of low molecular weight endogenous metabolites or metabolite profiles in a biological sample. Metabolites that are important indicators of physiological or pathological states can provide information for the identification of early and differential markers for disease and help to understand ...
Kühnisch Jan - - 2012
Objective: This epidemiological study aimed to assess the proportion and extent of manifestation of enamel hypomineralization, including molar-incisor-hypomineralization (MIH), in the permanent and primary dentition. Methods: A total of 693 children enrolled in an ongoing birth cohort study (GINIplus-10) were examined at their 10-year follow-up. Enamel hypomineralization was scored in ...
Choi Jaehoon - - 2012
In cell culture, medium supplemented with fetal bovine serum is commonly used, and it is widely known that fetal bovine serum supplies an adequate environment for culture and differentiation of stem cells. Nevertheless, the use of xenogeneic serum can cause several problems. We compared the effects of four different concentrations ...
Hajimasalaeh Warunee - - 2012
vp1, a gene encoding one of the capsid proteins of Taura syndrome virus, was cloned into the pGEX-6P-1 expression vector, and the resulting construct was then used to transform E. coli strain BL21. After induction, an N-terminally glutathione-S-transferase-tagged VP1 (GST-VP1) protein with a molecular mass of 80 kDa was obtained. This ...
Lajara Rosemarie - - 2012
Objective: Usability of a new prefilled insulin pen, FlexTouch® (FT; Novo Nordisk A/S, Bagsvaerd, Denmark), with no push-button extension and low injection force, was compared with vial and syringe (V&S). Research design and methods: People with diabetes, and healthcare professionals with diabetes management experience conducted test injections and answered questions ...
Nagasaka Hironori - - 2012
Plasma mannose is suggested to be largely generated from liver glycogen-oriented glucose-6-phosphate. This study examined plasma mannose in glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD Ia) lacking conversion of glucose-6-phosphate to glucose in the liver. We initially examined fasting-and postprandial 2 h-plasma mannose and other blood carbohydrates and lipids for seven GSD ...
van Heijningen Caroline A A - - 2012
A hallmark of the human language faculty is the use of syntactic rules. The natural vocalizations of animals are syntactically simple, but several studies indicate that animals can detect and discriminate more complex structures in acoustic stimuli. However, how they discriminate such structures is often not clear. Using an artificial ...
Dkhil Mohamed A - - 2012
Coccidiosis in poultry is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Eimeria, which is responsible for worldwide economic losses. The methanolic extract of Azadirachta indica (neem) leaves was used in vivo for its pharmacological, antioxidant, and anticoccidial properties. Four groups of mice were investigated. The first group was inoculated only ...
Taylor Peter J - - 2012
Quantitative genetics (QG) analyses variation in traits of humans, other animals, or plants in ways that take account of the genealogical relatedness of the individuals whose traits are observed. "Classical" QG, where the analysis of variation does not involve data on measurable genetic or environmental entities or factors, is reformulated ...
Anderson J R - - 2012
While baited deer models were under observation nine Cephenemyia jellisoni Townsend (Diptera: Oestridae) females and seven C. apicata Bennett & Sabrosky engaged in a risk-spreading larviposition behaviour by larvipositing on models only once and then flying away. Additionally, analysis of 225 unobserved larvipostions in which larvae were trapped in adhesive ...
Li Da-Wei - - 2012
The combination of the wide availability of protein backbone and side-chain NMR chemical shifts with advances in understanding of their relationship to protein structure makes these parameters useful for the assessment of structural-dynamic protein models. A new chemical shift predictor (PPM) is introduced, which is solely based on physical-chemical contributions ...
Tremaroli Valentina - - 2012
The link between the microbes in the human gut and the development of obesity, cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndromes, such as type 2 diabetes, is becoming clearer. However, because of the complexity of the microbial community, the functional connections are less well understood. Studies in both mice and humans are ...
Khan Rehan - - 2012
Multiple myeloma (MM) is classically illustrated by a desynchronized cytokine system with rise in inflammatory cytokines. There are recent reports which emphasized the potential role of angiogenesis in the development of MM. Role of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) is well documented in the pathogenesis of solid tumors, but little is known ...
Song Youngkeun - - 2012
Drought-induced anomalies in vegetation condition over wide areas can be observed by using time-series satellite remote sensing data. Previous methods to assess the anomalies may include limitations in considering (1) the seasonality in terms of each vegetation-cover type, (2) cumulative damage during the drought event, and (3) the application to ...
Ogawa Yuri - - 2012
The tiered ommatidia of the Eastern Pale Clouded yellow butterfly, Colias erate, contain nine photoreceptor cells, four of which contribute their rhabdomeral microvilli to the distal tier of the rhabdom. We analyzed the visual pigments and spectral sensitivities of these distal photoreceptors in both sexes of Colias erate. A subset ...
Sakamaki Kensuke - - 2012
In a previous work, we identified 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol as an off-flavor compound formed from ascorbic acid and (E)-hex-2-enal in a test apple beverage. In this study we elucidate the pathway by which 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol formed. Isotope labeling studies revealed that the propyl group of 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol derives from (E)-hex-2-enal and that 6-propylbenzofuran-7-ol contains ...
Teruya Kenta - - 2012
Peptide segment couplings are now widely utilized in protein chemical synthesis. One of the key structures for the strategy is the peptide thioester. Peptide thioester condensation, in which a C-terminal peptide thioester is selectively activated by silver ions then condensed with an amino component, is a powerful tool. But the ...
Barbosa Euzébio G - - 2012
A new Receptor-Dependent LQTA-QSAR approach, RD-LQTA-QSAR, is proposed as a new 4D-QSAR method. It is an evolution of receptor independent LQTA-QSAR. This approach uses the free GROMACS package to carry out molecular dynamics simulations and generates a conformational ensemble profile for each compound. Such an ensemble is used to build ...
Jagannathan Narasimhan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical performance of the Ambu Aura-i (Aura-i) in children. AIM: To compare the Aura-i with the air-Q intubating laryngeal airway (air-Q) for the purposes of fiberoptic-guided tracheal intubation. BACKGROUND: The Aura-i is a new supraglottic airway designed for tracheal intubation. MATERIALS/METHODS: One hundred twenty children, ages ...
Chakraborti S - - 2012
Rosette-forming glioneuronal tumor (RGNT) of the fourth ventricle is a new addition to the WHO classification of central nervous system tumors. To date, 72 cases have been described in literature. In the present study, we report the clinical and imaging features, with detailed histopathological and immunohistochemical profile, of eight cases. ...
Sharma A - - 2012
SUMMARY Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection is known to increase in-hospital mortality, but little is known about its association with long-term health. Two hundred and thirty-seven deaths occurred among 707 patients with MRSA infection at the time of hospitalization and/or nasal colonization followed for almost 4 years after discharge from ...
Brandt William Cunha - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the Knoop hardness in the top and bottom of composite photo activated by different methods when different mold materials were used. Z250 (3M ESPE) and XL2500 halogen unit (3M ESPE) were used. For hardness test, conical restorations were made in ...
Okami Kenji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of minimally invasive transoral en bloc resection of superficial pharyngeal and laryngeal cancers. METHODS: Forty-one superficial lesions (from 35 patients) were resected transorally under a surgical microscope using a monopolar cautery. Quality of life (QOL) was assessed ...
Abtouche Soraya - - 2012
The interaction between one polychlorobiphenyl (3,3',4,4',-tetrachlorobiphenyl, coded PCB77) and the four DNA nucleic acid-base is studied by means of quantum mechanics calculations in stacked conformations. It is shown that even if the intermolecular dispersion energy is the largest component of the total interaction energy, some other contributions play a non ...
Owen Jonathan - - 2012
The World Health Organization's annual report World Health Statistics 2012 was recently published. In addition to annually published indicators of health, this year's report contains a highlighted new section on non-communicable diseases and their impact on world health. The section gives particular attention to hypertension and obesity. Interestingly, despite worldwide ...
Nowatzky Janina - - 2012
AIM: Inactivated Orf virus (ORFV, Parapoxvirus ovis) demonstrates strong antiviral activity in animal models including a human hepatitis B virus (HBV)-transgenic mouse. In addition, expression of interferon (IFN)-γ and interleukin-10 (IL-10) was induced after administration of inactivated ORFV in these mice. IFN-γ and IL-10 are known to elicit antifibrotic activity. ...
Lordick Florian - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The treatment of localized esophageal cancer has been debated controversially over the past decades. Neoadjuvant treatment was used empirically, but evidence was limited due to the lack of high-quality confirmatory studies. Meanwhile, data have become much clearer due to recently published well-conducted randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses. METHODS: Neoadjuvant ...
Piccinini Filippo - - 2012
Due to depth of focus constraints, the acquisition of a single 2-D completely in-focus image of 3-D objects characterized by a relevant depth dimension is not possible with a standard light microscope. Since the Seventies numerous methods have been proposed to overcome this problem, mainly through different fusion processing techniques ...
Tralau Tewes - - 2012
Low hit rates for lead compounds and high attrition remain a major problem for drug development. The reasons for compound failure range from poor pharmacokinetics to toxic metabolites and adverse drug interactions; all of which are frequently mediated by cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenases (CYPs). However, despite some 30 years of assay ...
Capurso G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Surgery for small intestinal neuroendocrine tumours (SI-NETs) is limited by metastatic disease in most patients. However, resection of the primary lesion alone has been advocated in patients with unresectable liver metastases. The present systematic review investigated the value of surgical resection of the primary lesion in patients with unresectable ...
Singh Reetu R - - 2012
1. Glucocorticoids are necessary for fetal development but clinical and experimental studies suggest excess exposure may be detrimental to health in the short and in the longer term. 2. Exposure of the fetus to synthetic glucocorticoids can occur if the mother has a medical condition requiring glucocorticoid therapy (such as ...
Hirabayashi K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There have been no reports of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) encephalitis treatment based on both HHV-6 DNA load and the antiviral agent's concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). PATIENT: A 20-year-old male with a hematological malignancy developed HHV-6 encephalitis 15 days after unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT). He had fever, ...
Dalenbäck J - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to establish long-term outcome after elective adult umbilical hernia (AUH) repair. METHODS: Peri- and postoperative data considering all consecutive procedures at our institution during the time span from 1999 to 2009 were retrospectively gathered and followed by a questionnaire and, if needed, a ...
Roldan-Martin Maria B - - 2012
An 11-year-old Caucasian male with history of abdominal pain, diarrhoea, fatigue, emesis and fever on the previous days presented with dehydratation, shock and acute mesenteric ischaemia. Final diagnosis of Addison's disease was made.
Devi P - - 2012
Indians have high rates of cardiovascular disease. Hypertension (HTN) is an important modifiable risk factor. There are no comprehensive reviews or a nationally representative study of the burden, treatments and outcomes of HTN in India. A systematic review was conducted to study the trends in prevalence, risk factors and awareness ...
Kortekaas Kirsten A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The pathophysiology of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is dominated by an inflammatory response. In the identification of new therapeutic agents, the role of individual cytokines may be essential. Interleukin (IL)-9 is a pleiotropic cytokine recently identified to be involved in various immune responses. In this study, the role ...
Jonaidi H - - 2012
In mammals and birds, neuropeptide Y (NPY) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) are found in brain areas known to be involved in the control of ingestive behavior and act to increase voluntary food intake. In rats, significant evidence suggest a functional and behavioral interaction between NPY and GABA mediated transmission in ...
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