Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2739
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Ebert Stefan - - 2012
Reactivation of latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) in the transient state of immunodeficiency after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the most frequent and severe viral complication endangering leukemia therapy success. By infecting the bone marrow (BM) stroma of the transplantation recipient, CMV can directly interfere with BM repopulation by the transplanted donor-derived ...
Kamada Yuhei - - 2012
Single-nucleotide polymorphism genotyping microarray (SNP array) analysis provides detailed information on chromosomal copy number aberrations. To obtain detailed information on genomic abnormalities related to pathogenesis or prognosis of multiple myeloma (MM), we performed 250K SNP array analysis in 39 MM patients and 11 cell lines. We identified an accumulation of ...
Vivo J - - 2012
The objective of this work was to analyse changes in morphometric characteristics related to growth in the trochlear nerve in dogs. Twenty beagles, split into four dog age groups (A, 7 days; B, 21 days; C, 35 days; D, 49 days and E, 4 years), were used. The right intracranial portion of the nerve was ...
Kanegae Ayaka - - 2012
Two new phenolic compounds (1 and 2, named as teasperol and teasperin, respectively) were isolated from fermented tea (Camellia sinensis L.) products, together with known phenolic compounds. Teasperol (1) was isolated from Chinese traditional post-fermented tea leaves (Liu-pao tea) and teasperin (2) was from a Japanese tea product which was ...
Jutkowitz Eric - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare societal values across three health-state classification systems in older African Americans with depression and to describe the association of these instruments to depression severity. METHODS: We summarized baseline values for EQ-5D (US weights) and HUI2/3 (Canadian weights) and their subscales for 118 older African American participants enrolled ...
Taneja Charu - - 2012
Objective: The objective of this study was to examine adherence and persistency in HIV patients initiating first-line combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) with a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI)-based regimen. Methods: Using US health insurance records, the authors identified all persons aged ≥ 18 years with HIV, who began NNRTI-based cART ...
Bobridge K S - - 2012
Evidence that fructose intake may modify blood pressure is generally limited to adult populations. This study examined cross-sectional associations between dietary intake of fructose, serum uric acid and blood pressure in 814 adolescents aged 13-15 years participating in the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Energy-adjusted fructose intake was derived ...
Min Joonkeun - - 2012
Poly(furfuryl isocyanate) (PFIC), which includes the reactive furan group, was synthesized by anionic polymerization using a sodium benzhydroxide (Na-BH), self-assembly initiator. We determined the optimum polymerization conditions by varying both the reaction time and the molar ratio of the monomer to the initiator. Block copolymer, poly(furfuryl isocyanate)-b-poly(n-hexyl isocyanate), was synthesized ...
Komatsu Haruki - - 2012
AIM: The relation between interleukin-28B (IL-28B) genotypes and treatment-induced hepatitis C virus (HCV) clearance in children is unknown. This was a retrospective study to evaluate the association between an IL-28B genotype (rs8099917) and pegylated (PEG) interferon (IFN) response. METHODS: Sixty-three children (median age, 7 years; range, 3-17 years; 22 with HCV genotype ...
Feria Cary S - - 2012
Multiple-object tracking (MOT) studies have shown that tracking ability declines as object speed increases. However, this might be attributed solely to the increased number of times that target and distractor objects usually pass close to each other ("close encounters") when speed is increased, resulting in more target-distractor confusions. The present ...
Papatsoris Athanasios - - 2012
The last decade flexible ureteroscopy has progressed from an awkward diagnostic procedure with limited visualization to a precise surgical intervention allowing access to the entire collecting system. In this review, we present the current status and future perspectives of the ureterorenoscopic management of urolithiasis and non-stone-related upper tract pathologies.
Madeddu G - - 2012
PURPOSE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the presence of respiratory symptoms and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected outpatient population and to further investigate the role of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and other possibly associated risk factors. METHODS: We consecutively enrolled ...
Cebrián Cristina - - 2012
The synthesis and full characterization of new platinum complexes bearing a bulky asymmetric dianionic tridentate ligand is reported. The hindrance of the ligand prevents detrimental intermolecular interactions yielding to highly emitting species in both crystalline state and thin-film. Such properties prompted their successful use in solution-processed OLEDs, showing remarkable external ...
Wong J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The current study broadened the general scope of research conducted on childhood cruelty to animals by examining the association between psychological adjustment, family functioning and animal cruelty in an Eastern context, China. METHOD: The mothers and fathers of 729 children attending primary school in Chengdu, China participated in this ...
Stoumpos S - - 2012
The apolipoprotein E single-nucleotide polymorphisms are among the potential candidate genes that may serve as modulators in susceptibility to essential hypertension. In an effort to clarify earlier inconclusive results, we performed a meta-analysis of population-based case-control genetic association studies. Random-effects methods were applied on summary data in order to combine ...
Yadagiri Kirthi Kiran - - 2012
The genus Labyrinthula is a group of unicellular microorganisms with spindle-shaped cells that move in an ectoplasmic network. Most Labyrinthula species are saprotrophic and found in coastal marine or estuarine habitats; however, exceptions exist, such as Labyrinthula terrestris , a terrestrial plant pathogen that causes rapid blight on cool-season turfgrasses. ...
Chi-Te Wang - - 2012
KEY POINTS: Optimal treatment options for vocal process granuloma refractory to conservative managements remain a challenging problem for otolaryngologists. Based on the successful experience of intralesional steroid injections in benign vocal lesions, we performed monthly injections of triamcinolone acetonide (40mg/ml) in 10 patients of refractory vocal process granuloma in the ...
Silva-Brandão K L - - 2012
Telchin licus, the giant sugarcane borer, is an important pest species of sugarcane in northeast Brazil. Four subspecies of Telchin licus are recognized in Brazil based on their geographic distribution and subtle differences in wing colour pattern. Some taxa are morphologically indistinguishable, and their accurate identification is key to their ...
Cohen Zoë - - 2012
Is it possible for students in different courses, at different academic levels, and at different universities to learn immunology together using the Internet? We teach a colloquium on inflammation for undergraduates at the University of Arizona and a lecture course on human immunology for graduate students and clinical and basic ...
Bergmann Tiest Wouter M - - 2012
We investigated the influences of surface texture, thermal conductivity, and compliance on the haptic perception of the volume of small cubes. It was hypothesized that an object containing highly salient material properties would be perceived as larger in volume than the same object without these properties. Blindfolded subjects were asked ...
Tewari Rajesh Kumar - - 2012
KEY MESSAGE : NO generation is studied in the protoplast chloroplasts. NO, ONOO ( - ) and ROS (O ( 2 ) ( - ) and H ( 2 ) O ( 2 ) ) are generated in chloroplasts. Nitric oxide synthase-like protein appears to be involved in NO generation. ...
Li Ruifang - - 2012
The evaluation of the scaffold hopping potential of computational methods is of high relevance for virtual screening. For benchmark calculations, classes of known active compounds are utilized. Ideally, such classes should have a well-defined content of structurally diverse scaffolds. However, in reported benchmark investigations, the choice of activity classes is ...
Digonnet Antoine - - 2012
The management of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas does not end with the completion of ablative therapy. The oncologic objectives of post-treatment follow-up are to detect recurrences and second primary tumors; beyond that, follow-up should evaluate acute and chronic treatment-related side effects, guide the rehabilitation process, alleviate functional loss, ...
Cellamare Barbara M - - 2012
PDT is a way of treating malignant tumours and hyperproliferative diseases. It is based on the use of photosensitizer, herein the chlorophyll a, and a light of an appropriate wavelength. The interaction of the PS with the light produces ROS, reactive oxygen species, powerful oxidizing agents which cause critical damage ...
Vinter A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to examine to what extent the verbal definitions of familiar objects produced by blind children reflect their peculiar perceptual experience and, in consequence, differ from those produced by sighted children. METHODS: Ninety-six visually impaired children, aged between 6 and 14 years, and ...
Armfield Jason M - - 2012
Objectives: Dental satisfaction is associated with continuity of dental care, compliance with dentist advice, and positive health outcomes. It is expected that people with higher dental fear might have less dental satisfaction because of more negative dental experiences. The objective of this study was to examine satisfaction and reasons for ...
Paradisi Irene - - 2012
Huntington disease (HD) phenotypes without a HTT mutation are known as HD-like (HDL) syndromes and are caused by mutations in other loci. HDL2, almost indistinguishable from HD, is due to expansions in the Junctophilin 3 locus (JPH3) with a worldwide Sub-Saharan ethnic origin. Sixteen independent patients with involuntary movements, psychiatric ...
Atuchin V V - - 2012
The electronic structure of RbTiOPO(4) has been investigated with x-ray photoemission spectroscopy. Detailed photoemission spectra of the element core levels have been recorded under excitation by nonmonochromatic Al Kα radiation (1486.6 eV). The chemical bonding parameters are compared to those reported for complex titanates and phosphates. The band structures of KTiOPO(4), ...
Takahashi Takehiro - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Angiopoietin-2 (Ang2) regulates the transition between vascular quiescence and angiogenesis in a context-dependent manner. In systemic sclerosis (SSc), serum Ang2 levels correlate with its disease activity. Therefore, we investigated the clinical significance of monitoring serum Ang2 levels during intravenous pulse cyclophosphamide (IVCY) therapy in SSc patients with interstitial lung ...
Patel M I - - 2012
PURPOSE: Disparities in solid tumors have been well studied. However, disparities in hematologic malignancies have been relatively unexplored on population-based levels. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity and acute leukemia mortality. METHODS: All patients with acute leukemia [acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myelogenous ...
Zhao Qunzi - - 2012
PURPOSE: To identify the subgroup of high-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) inclined to lymph node metastasis (LNM). METHODS: Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection and had a pathologic diagnosis of PTMC between 2003 and 2010 at Wuhan Union Hospital were identified. The frequency of LNM was retrospectively ...
Morabito E - - 2012
Atmospheric pollutants may cause damage to monuments and historical buildings. Besides air contaminants, soluble salts are also responsible for stone deterioration and decay in outdoor and indoor monuments. The problem of how to conserve works of arts thus requires a deep knowledge of contaminants' concentration and distribution inside buildings. In ...
Sánchez-Doblado F - - 2012
Neutron peripheral contamination in patients undergoing high-energy photon radiotherapy is considered as a risk factor for secondary cancer induction. Organ-specific neutron-equivalent dose estimation is therefore essential for a reasonable assessment of these associated risks. This work aimed to develop a method to estimate neutron-equivalent doses in multiple organs of radiotherapy ...
Pastuszak A W - - 2012
A lack of consensus and few data support testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) in hypogonadal men who have been treated for prostate cancer (CaP), particularly those who have received radiation therapy. We performed retrospective review of 13 hypogonadal men with CaP, treated with brachytherapy or external beam radiotherapy who were subsequently ...
Li Yuqian - - 2012
MRSI has shown potential in the diagnosis and prognosis of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) brain tumors, but its use is limited by difficult data interpretation. When the analyzed MRSI data present more than two tissue patterns, conventional non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) implementation may lead to a non-robust estimation. The aim of ...
Sales N G - - 2012
The morphology of the ovaries and oogenesis of Pimelodella vittata were studied using anatomical and histological techniques to provide information of its reproductive biology. Eighty adult females were captured trimonthly during the period November 2005 to October 2006. The ovaries are paired, saculiform organs, which are coated with tunica albuginea ...
Raj Anita - - 2012
Abstract Studies document a significant association between victimization from intimate partner violence (IPV) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV among substance using women in Russia and elsewhere, but no study has examined IPV perpetration and STI among Russian men or HIV-infected men in Eastern Europe. This study was designed ...
Peltier Morgan R - - 2012
PROBLEM: Preterm birth is frequently caused by an inflammatory response to ascending infections of the reproductive tract. Carbon monoxide (CO) has potent anti-inflammatory properties at subtoxic concentrations. Whether or not CO can modulate inflammatory responses by placental tissues is unclear. METHODS: Placental explant cultures were incubated with heat-killed Escherichia coli ...
Liu Bo - - 2012
Genome-wide detection of short insertion/deletion length polymorphisms (InDels, <5 bp) in Brassica rapa (named the A genome) was performed by comparing whole-genome re-sequencing data from two B. rapa accessions, L144 and Z16, to the reference genome sequence of Chiifu-401-42. In total, we identified 108,558 InDel polymorphisms between Chiifu-401-42 and L144, 26,795 ...
Mehta Vikas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Accurate preoperative assessment of thyroid nodules with fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) continues to be a challenge, often resulting in unnecessary diagnostic surgical intervention. The detection of several novel gene mutations in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) over the last decade has led to the diagnostic use of these oncogenic alterations ...
Mulatti Paolo - - 2012
Since 2008, West Nile Virus (WNV) has expanded its range in several Italian regions, and its yearly recurrence suggests the virus may have become endemic in some areas. In 2011, a new plan based also on the detection of IgM antibodies was implemented in the north-eastern Italian regions of Veneto ...
Liston Adrian - - 2012
Recent research into the role of microRNA (miR) in the immune system has identified the miR-29 family as critical regulators of key processes in adaptive immunity. The miR-29 family consists of four members with shared regulatory capacity, namely miR-29a, miR-29b-1, miR-29b-2 and miR-29c. Being expressed in both T and B ...
Gil Francisco - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess psychosocial changes at two particular moments: at cancer diagnosis and 2-4 weeks after having finished treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 67 cancer outpatients were assessed in this study. The inclusion/exclusion criteria were as follows: ambulatory cancer patients aged 18 years or ...
Stancoven B W - - 2012
AIM: To determine the potential of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) soak-loaded on to an absorbable collagen sponge (ACS) to induce local bone formation compared with the clinical reference demineralized bone matrix (DBM) and to investigate potential additive/synergistic effects of exogenous parathyroid hormone (PTH). METHODS: Critical-size (8 mm), through-through calvaria ...
Qi Jie - - 2012
Angiotensin II (ANG II)-induced inflammatory and oxidative stress responses contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension. In this study, we determined whether renin-angiotensin system (RAS) activation in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) contributes to the ANG II-induced hypertensive response via interaction with neurotransmitters in the PVN. Rats underwent subcutaneous infusion of ...
Rahman Syeda - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Serpins (serine protease inhibitors) are associated with protection against HIV infection. Here, we characterized mucosal serpin expression in the genital tract of HIV highly exposed sero-negative (HESN) women meeting our epidemiological definition of HIV resistance in relation to epidemiological variables. METHODS: Cervicovaginal lavage (CVL) fluid and plasma were collected ...
Wei Xiaojia E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Rabbits have a longer inter-blink time (approximately 10 minutes) compared with humans (five to eight seconds), suggesting that rabbits have a much more stable tear film. Using fluorescein, the tear break-up time of rabbits has been reported to be similar to that of humans. This study set out to ...
Baba Yasutaka - - 2012
The aim of this study was to retrospectively examine adrenal venous catecholamine concentrations and related indices in non-pheochromocytoma patients and to estimate from the obtained results whether measurements of adrenal venous catecholamine concentrations by adrenal venous sampling (AVS) are useful for localizing adrenal pheochromocytoma. The study population comprised 15 patients ...
Park Hee-Soo - - 2012
Fungal development and secondary metabolism is intimately associated via activities of the fungi-specific velvet family proteins. Here we characterize the four velvet regulators in the opportunistic human pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. The deletion of AfuvosA, AfuveA and AfuvelB causes hyper-active asexual development (conidiation) and precocious and elevated accumulation of AfubrlA during ...
Zhou Jinxu - - 2012
Golgi phosphoprotein-3 (GOLPH3), an important protein in mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, is overexpressed in and correlates with the pathological grade of glioma. However, the potential correlation between GOLPH3 and clinical outcome in patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) remains unknown. In this study, we examined GOLPH3 expression in GBM ...
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