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Wills Melanie K B - - 2012
Shc (Src homology and collagen homology) proteins are considered prototypical signalling adaptors in mammalian cells. Consisting of four unique members, ShcA, B, C and D, and multiple splice isoforms, the family is represented in nearly every cell type in the body, where it engages in an array of fundamental processes ...
Ibbotson Sally Helen - - 2012
Conventional photodynamic therapy (PDT) can be inconvenient and uncomfortable. We studied low irradiance PDT using an ambulatory inorganic light-emitting diode. Fifty-three patients with 61 lesions [superficial basal cell carcinoma (n = 30), Bowen's disease (n = 30), and actinic keratosis (AK; n = 1)] were studied. Two treatments of ambulatory PDT were undertaken 1 week apart ...
Umstead Meghan E - - 2012
Background -  The prescribing of compounded products that mimic US Federal Drug Administration approved drugs in the USA is inappropriate. Among the reasons are the lack of premarket regulatory assessment and the potential for an inferior product. This study describes the accuracy and precision of ciclosporin (CsA) strength when compounded as ...
Chakravarthy J B R - - 2012
This paper describes the process of setting up community-based organisations (CBOs) of sex workers during the 5-year community mobilisation initiative of the Swagati project, an HIV prevention programme in nine coastal districts of Andhra Pradesh. The Swagati project facilitated the formation of 11 CBOs through partnerships with local non-governmental organisations ...
Tzialla C - - 2012
Severe infections represent the main cause of neonatal mortality accounting for more than one million neonatal deaths worldwide every year. Antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed medications in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and in industrialized countries about 1% of neonates are exposed to antibiotic therapy. Signs and symptoms of ...
Smith Darren M - - 2012
Success with bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) has been widely reported in the osseous reconstruction of large calvarial defects. These efforts have required enormous doses of BMP-2 and are not sufficiently refined to facilitate the detail-oriented repair required for intricate craniofacial structures. We have previously shown that inkjet-based bioprinting technologies allow ...
Misdaq Misbah - - 2012
: Thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) is an excellent example of an enzyme whose pharmacogenetic polymorphisms affect efficacy and toxicity of a drug. The association between TPMT activity and thiopurine-related myelosuppression is well recognized. To study the significance of TPMT deficiency in thiopurine metabolism and immunosuppressive activity in vitro, we established RNA ...
Piano Mario D - - 2012
: Beneficial findings concerning probiotics are increasing day by day. However, one of the most important parameters able to significantly affect the probiotic value of a microorganism is its survival during the transit through the stomach and the duodenum. Some techniques may be applied that aim to improve this parameter, ...
Chiellini Carolina - - 2012
Biofouling in water treatment processes represents one of the most frequent causes of plant performance decline. Investigation of clogged membranes (reverse osmosis membranes, microfiltration membranes and ultrafiltration membranes) is generally performed on fresh membranes. In the present study, a multidisciplinary autopsy of a reverse osmosis membrane (ROM) was conducted. The ...
Larkin Heather - - 2012
The Restorative Integral Support (RIS) model is a comprehensive, whole person approach to addressing adversity and trauma. The Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and Kaiser Permanente reveals a relationship between childhood trauma and adult health and social problems. The current empirical case ...
Flurry Mitchell - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Simulation has become an integral part of education at all levels within the medical field. The ability to allow personnel to practice and learn in a safe and controlled environment makes it a valuable tool for initial training and continued competence verification. An area of specific interest to the ...
El Mofty Medhat - - 2012
UVA1 phototherapy was found to induce marked improvement in skin lesions of patients with stages IA and IB mycosis fungoides (MF). Broad band UVA (BB-UVA) is composed of 80.1% UVA1, with similar mechanisms of action. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of BB-UVA in the treatment of early-stage MF. ...
Drago Lorenzo - - 2012
: To evaluate cytokine stimulation with 3 strains of Lactobacillus salivarius in vitro and to assess changes in intestinal microflora and clinical improvements in adults with atopic dermatitis (AD) induced by the strain showing the best immunomodulatory features. : AD is a common skin disease in children and adults. It ...
Lista G - - 2012
Few years ago, elective tracheal intubation in the delivery room was considered as the routine approach in managing respiratory failure in extremely-low-birth-weight infants (ELBW), at least in terms of surfactant administration. Over recent years, the indications and principles of neonatal resuscitation of ELBW infants have been partially reviewed: many randomized ...
Chuah Sai Yee - - 2012
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of haem biosynthesis resulting from a partial decrease in ferrochelatase (FECH) activity which leads to the excessive accumulation of protoporphyrin in blood, erythrocytes and tissues. Cutaneous manifestations of photosensitivity usually appear in early infancy upon the first sun exposures. This normally ...
Morovic Sandra - - 2012
To analyze all the arguments against chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) as a medical entity, and its association with multiple sclerosis (MS) and to revise all the findings suggesting a possible connection between these two entities. We revised the methodology and results of all fourteen published studies on prevalence of ...
Haslemo Tore - - 2012
: Preliminary reports have indicated that valproic acid (VPA) reduces serum concentrations of olanzapine (OLZ). The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of VPA and other antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on serum concentrations of OLZ and 3 of its major metabolites in a large-scale material of therapeutic drug ...
Vicariotto Franco - - 2012
: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is the second most common cause of vaginitis after bacterial vaginosis, and it is diagnosed in up to 40% of women with vaginal complaints in the primary care setting. Among Candida spp., Candida albicans is the most common infectious agent. The treatment of choice for uncomplicated ...
Mussap Michele - - 2012
The high incidence of neonatal sepsis worldwide and the considerably high mortality rate of severe sepsis and septic shock call for an earlier diagnosis and more accurate monitoring of the disease. Conventional laboratory tests, such as white blood cell count (WBC) and differential count, micro-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive ...
Guglin Maya - - 2012
Background:  Risk factors of pulmonary hypertension (PH) are poorly understood. The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of PH in young adults. Methods:  We analysed a limited access dataset from the CARDIA (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults) study provided by the National Heart, Lung and ...
Allen Valerie Dorsey - - 2012
Witnessing violence is one adverse childhood experience (ACE) associated with living in impoverished Black urban communities. Youth with higher violence avoidance self-efficacy and positive coping are more likely to avoid violence. This study evaluates educational entertainment (edutainment) as an intervention with Black adolescents exposed to community violence. Edutainment has shown ...
Martinelli P - - 2012
Chorioamnionitis is the inflammatory response to an acute inflammation of the membranes and chorion of the placenta. We provide a critical review of the relationship between chorioamnionitis and the risk of prematurity and adverse maternal-fetal outcome. Chorioamnionitis results as a major risk factor for preterm birth and its incidence is ...
Dolic Kresimir - - 2012
Most of the extra-cranial venous abnormalities have been previously described as truncular venous malformations. In this hypothesis-driven study, we evaluated possible association of risk/protective factors with the presence of truncular and functional venous abnormalities in internal jugular veins (IJVs) in a large cohort of volunteers without known central nervous system ...
Del Giudice Michele Miraglia - - 2012
Over the last decade, there has been a growing interest in the use of probiotics for allergic diseases. In the last years, some studies showed a significant improvement for atopic eczema by the administration of probiotics during pregnancy and postnatally. About food allergy, probiotics administration seems to be effective in ...
Biasini Augusto - - 2012
Extremely-low-birth-weight infants (ELBW) should be given nutrients to enable them to grow at the same rate as foetuses of the same gestational age, and lean body components, particularly the brain, are dependent on protein intake. Fortified human milk remains the best food for these preterms. Two groups of preterm infants ...
Resta Nicoletta - - 2012
Background: Birth defects are very common, affecting two to three infants in every 100 births, and often represent a diagnostic and management challenge. The birth of a child with multiple malformations is the beginning of a complex diagnostic process, where the primary purpose is to determine a precise nosological definition. ...
Wheeler Tisha - - 2012
Debates have raged in development for decades about the appropriateness of participatory approaches and the degree to which they can be managed, scaled and measured. The Avahan programme confronted these issues over the last 7 years and concludes that it is advantageous to manage scaled community mobilisation processes so that ...
Sellitto Maria - - 2012
Very low birth weight and other critically ill neonates require prolonged vascular access, which is achieved in current practice with central venous catheters. The initiation of adequate parenteral nutrition and prolonged intravenous medications represent the most important applications. Central vascular access in neonates is associated with a high risk for ...
Song Rhonnie - - 2012
Objective: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants born prior to 32 weeks gestation or with a birth weight less than 1500 grams. In this article, we review hematological abnormalities associated with NEC. Methods: A literature search was performed using the databases PubMed, ...
Lisa Dentici Maria - - 2012
In 2011, the RDDR network was developed in central Italy to provide support in the diagnosis of dysmorphic newborns. RDDR has been developed as an online electronic system that currently links 20 neonatology centres in central Italy, representing the submitting nodes that transmit patient clinical histories and the relevant photographical ...
Nuti Sabina - - 2012
Objective: What are the implications of financial crisis on healthcare expenditure? This paper explores different approaches applied across European countries focusing on the role that managerial tools may have in coping with this challenge. Method: The paper reports the results of recent studies on responses to financial crisis from European ...
Mogna Luca - - 2012
: Minerals, often referred to as micronutrients, are one of the 5 fundamental groups of nutrients needed to sustain life. Micronutrient malnutrition affects >50% of the worldwide population. In particular, zinc (Zn) deficiency is considered an emerging public health problem in India and in other developing countries. Selenium (Se) is ...
Risso Francesco M - - 2012
Objective: There is growing evidence on the usefulness of biomarkers in the early detection of preterm infants at risk for brain damage. However, among different tools Activin A, S100B protein and adrenomedullin assessment offer the possibility to investigate brain/multiorgan function and development. This could be especially useful in perinatal medicine ...
García-Martín Patricia - - 2012
Erythropoietic protoporphyria arises from an inherited disorder of porphyrin metabolism which leads to an accumulation of protoporphyrin IX in the erythropoietic system and other tissues. It is characterized by cutaneous photosensitivity, usually difficult to keep under control. Among the scant therapeutic options proposed to reduce photosensitivity in erythropoietic protoporphyria, narrow-band ...
Maurer Hans H - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: This article discusses current strategies for efficient analytical diagnostics in clinical toxicology. The tasks for such diagnostics, different analytical strategies and various methods were reviewed. They cover mainly gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry procedures for target or comprehensive screening for drugs (of abuse) and poisons, and for ...
Rosina Alessandro - - 2012
Objective: The study aims at analysing the recent trends in fertility in Italy and at discussing its possible future trends. Methods: We analyse the evolution of demographic indicators, such as the total fertility rate and the maternal age in Italy, in the last 30 years and we look for the ...
Canon Stephen - - 2012
We critically assessed the outcomes of a new model of pediatric urology delivery using alternative approaches to expand care without increasing the number of pediatric urologists. The approaches included the use of advanced practice nurse practitioners, pediatric physician specialists, part-time contract pediatric urologists from neighboring institutions and part-time contract adult ...
Hernandez Claudia - - 2012
Poorer survival rates from melanoma among Hispanics have been previously reported. There is little information regarding sunscreen acquisition behaviors or availability/access to products that may help reduce the risk of skin cancer in Hispanic communities. This study sought to understand perceptions regarding sun protection and skin cancer risk and whether ...
Radicioni M - - 2012
Aim: To review the working principles of thromboelastography and evaluate the current knowledge about the possibility of its implementation in the neonatal intensive care unit setting. Method: Thorough search of the literature in the PubMed database (until May 31, 2012) concerning Thromboelastography (TEG) and/or Thromboelastometry (ROTEM) use in the newborn ...
Pratesi Simone - - 2012
Aim: to monitor the incidence of cases of kernicterus and severe hyperbilirubinemia in Italy over time, and to describe each single registered event with sufficient information in order to identify one or more possible failures in the management of jaundice. Methods: the Task Force on hyperbilirubinemia of the Italian Society ...
Harel Sivan - - 2012
The study of rare genetic disorders of the hair follicle has resulted in the identification of many causative genes, leading to the potential for the development of novel therapeutic approaches for both inherited and acquired hair disorders. In this issue, Fujimoto et al. identify a missense mutation within the keratin ...
Mayer Lynn Milgram - - 2012
Childhood experiences can have long-term effects. Research shows that children who undergo adverse childhood experiences (ACE) often have negative health and mental health outcomes later in life. Children of adolescent parents with high ACE Scores are at greater risk of ACE. As such, an intergenerational approach to preventing ACE is ...
Gancia Paolo - - 2012
Therapeutic hypothermia is now the standard of care for brain injury control in term infants with perinatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Accumulated evidence shows a reduction in mortality and long-term neurodevelopmental disability at 12-24 months of age, with more favourable effects in the less severe forms of HIE. Only few ...
Karmon Yuval - - 2012
This article reviews vascular risk factors with specific emphasis on lipid abnormalities reported to be associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). The current paradigm of MS, supported only partially by MS lesion histopathology and its animal model (experimental allergic encephalomyelitis) considers MS to be a predominantly autoimmune disease. Until recently, most ...
Fukunaga-Kalabis Mizuho - - 2012
It has been shown that a side population (SP), which is characterized by high chemical efflux capacity, is present in human melanoma cell lines. However, it was not clear whether patients' samples contain the same subpopulation. In this issue, Luo et al. (2012) report that they have isolated SP cells ...
Diaconu Claudiu I - - 2012
To establish a detailed technical procedure for studying the anatomical correlates of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in cadavers of multiple sclerosis and control subjects, and to present our findings of the normal anatomic venous structures, with reference to previous descriptions from the literature. This study examined the internal jugular veins ...
Lovrić Mila - - 2012
Epilepsy is treated with a variety of anticonvulsants that are often used concomitantly. Therefore, therapeutic drug monitoring is often necessary. Along with clinical and environmental factors, genetic predisposition has been recognized to be relevant for interindividual variability in drug response. Polymorphic transporter proteins such as P-glycoprotein significantly influence pharmacokinetics and ...
Haworth A E - - 2012
Bisphosphonates are widely used for prevention of fractures in patients at risk, mainly in the presence of osteoporosis and bone metastases. A number of adverse effects of prolonged bisphosphonate treatment have emerged. We would like to highlight the skeletal complications from which a radiologist may be the first healthcare professional ...
Mackay R I - - 2012
In 2011, the Clinical and Translational Radiotherapy Research Working Group (CTRad) of the National Cancer Research Institute brought together UK radiotherapy physics leaders for a think tank meeting. Following a format that CTRad had previously and successfully used with clinical oncologists, 23 departments were asked to complete a pre-meeting evaluation ...
Guirado D - - 2012
We propose and study a new model aimed at describing the low-dose hyper-radiosensitivity phenomenon appearing in the survival curves of different cell lines. The model uses the induced repair assumption, considering that the critical dose at which this mechanism begins to act varies from cell to cell in a given ...
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