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Watanabe Sota - - 2012
Although pigeons have been shown to be susceptible to several size and length illusions, other avian species have not been tested intensively for illusory perception. Here we report how bantams perceive the Zöllner figure, in which parallel lines look nonparallel due to short crosshatches superimposed on the lines. Watanabe et ...
Natcher David - - 2012
This paper presents the results of collaborative research conducted in 2007 on the harvest of migratory bird eggs by Inuit households of Nunatsiavut, Labrador. Harvest variability between communities and species is examined, as is the social and ecological factors affecting the 2007 Inuit egg harvest. Representing the first comprehensive account ...
Petelska Aneta Dorota - - 2012
The dependence of the interfacial tension of a phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) monolayer on the pH of the aqueous solution has been studied. A theoretical equation is derived to describe this dependence. A simple model of the influence of pH on the phosphatidylethanolamine monolayer at the air/hydrophobic chains of PE is presented. ...
Rene Eldon R - - 2012
Biodegradation of styrene by Exophiala sp. was tested at different initial concentrations (19.3-170.6 mg l(-1)), pH (2.8-8.7), and temperatures (19.8-45.1 °C), for 120 h according to a 2(3) full-factorial central composite design. The specific growth rate (SGR, per hour) and specific styrene utilization rate (SUR, milligrams of styrene per milligram of biomass per hour) ...
Koyama T - - 2012
Controlling the position of a magnetic domain wall with electric current may allow for new types of non-volatile memory and logic devices. To be practical, however, the threshold current density necessary for domain wall motion must be reduced below present values. Intrinsic pinning due to magnetic anisotropy, as recently observed ...
Sämann A - - 2012
Diabetic nephropathy can impact on quality of life, morbidity and mortality of affected patients. The prognosis can be improved by early diagnosis and therapy. The association between renal insufficiency, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is of importance. Annual nephropathy screening should involve the analyses of albuminuria and glomerular filtration rate (GFR). ...
Negro Carlos Leandro - - 2012
We examined the bioaccumulation of α- and β-endosulfan and endosulfan sulfate in tissues from the crab Zilchiopsis collastinensis. There was more endosulfan accumulated in the hepatopancreas (from <2 to 467.8 ng g(-1)) than in the gonads (from <2 to 52.1 ng g(-1)) or muscles (<2 ng g(-1)). The endosulfan concentrations in the hepatopancreas decreased over time ...
Cui Xiaoyi X Department of Public Health, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1 Honjou, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto 860-8556, - - 2013
Arylamines are considered to be the primary causative agent of bladder cancer in tobacco smokers. To test the hypothesis that variation in the genes that metabolize tobacco carcinogens contribute to bladder cancer, we examined the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the genes of four key enzymes: cytochrome P450 1A2, ...
Knapp Małgorzata M Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Białystok, Poland. - - 2012
Three bioactive sphingolipids, namely sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), ceramide (CER) and sphingosine (SPH) were shown to be involved in ischemia/reperfusion injury of the heart. S1P is a powerful cardioprotectant, CER activates apoptosis and SPH in a low dose is cardioprotective whereas in a high dose is cardiotoxic. The aim of the present ...
Porta M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Eighteen patients with severe and refractory Tourette Syndrome underwent bilateral thalamic deep brain stimulation. The surgical procedures and stimulation processes of the cohort were reported in 2008; the 2 year follow-up was reported in 2009. The aim of the research is the assessment of long-term outcome (5-6 years) on tics, obsessional ...
Rienzo Mario M Faculté de Médecine, INSERM Unité U, Créteil, - - 2012
Systolic function is often evaluated by measuring ejection fraction and its preservation is often assimilated with the lack of impairment of systolic left ventricular (LV) function. Considering the left ventricle as a muscular pump, we explored LV function during chronic hypertension independently of increased afterload conditions. Fourteen conscious and chronically ...
Desousa Diogo Araújo - - 2012
The aim of this cross-sectional community-based study was to examine the sensitivity and specificity of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) to the diagnosis of anxiety disorders (AD). Participants were 119 students aged 9-18. Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed by a psychiatrist throughout a structural clinical interview (K-SADS-PL). ...
Zimoń Magdalena - - 2012
Inherited peripheral neuropathies are frequent neuromuscular disorders known for their clinical and genetic heterogeneity. In 33 families, we identified 8 mutations in HINT1 (encoding histidine triad nucleotide-binding protein 1) by combining linkage analyses with next-generation sequencing and subsequent cohort screening of affected individuals. Our study provides evidence that loss of ...
Martín-Muñoz María Flora - - 2012
To cite this article: Martín-Muñoz MF, Fortuni M, Caminoa M, Belver T, Quirce S, Caballero T. Anaphylactic reaction to probiotics. Cow's milk and hen's egg allergens in probiotic compounds. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: Background:  Probiotics are used in the treatment of allergic diseases. We investigated the safety of ...
Bohne S - - 2012
A case of severe chronic dysphagia lasting more than 1 year after long-term ventilation due to sepsis is presented. Fiber optic endoscopic examination of swallowing (FEES) revealed retention of food on both sides of the base of the tongue and in both valleculae combined with severe penetration and postglutitive aspiration ...
Buttelmann David - - 2012
Although many studies have investigated domestic dogs' (Canis familiaris) use of human communicative cues, little is known about their use of humans' emotional expressions. We conducted a study following the general paradigm of Repacholi in Dev Psychol 34:1017-1025, (1998) and tested four breeds of dogs in the laboratory and another ...
Mitchell Jacqueline C JC Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Kings College London, King's Centre for Neurodegeneration Research, London SE5 8AF, - - 2013
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) are relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorders with overlapping clinical, genetic and pathological features. Cytoplasmic inclusions of fused in sarcoma (FUS) are the hallmark of several forms of FTLD and ALS patients with mutations in the FUS gene. FUS is a multifunctional, predominantly ...
Akiyoshi Takashi - - 2012
The use of adjuvant chemotherapy for stage II colon cancer remains controversial. The accurate assessment of the risk factors associated with recurrence in patients with stage II disease is the key to identifying the patients that are most likely to benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. Recent guidelines advocate that adjuvant chemotherapy ...
Demachi Koichi - - 2012
To clarify the influence of internal and skin temperature on the active cutaneous vasodilation during exercise, the body temperature thresholds for the onset of active vasodilation during light or moderate exercise under different ambient temperature conditions were compared. Seven male subjects performed 30 min of a cycling exercise at 20 % or ...
Abbasoğlu Latif - - 2012
PURPOSE: Testicular torsion can be thought of as an ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury to the testis. This study aimed to investigate the effects of taurine (TAU) and carnosine (CAR), which are strong antioxidants, on experimental testicular I/R injury model. METHODS: Male Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups with eight ...
Guerriero Carla - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The txt2stop trial has shown that mobile-phone-based smoking cessation support doubles biochemically validated quitting at 6 months. This study examines the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation support delivered by mobile phone text messaging. METHODS: The lifetime incremental costs and benefits of adding text-based support to current practice are estimated from a ...
Peifer Susanne - - 2012
Intermediates of the purine biosynthesis pathway play key roles in cellular metabolism including nucleic acid synthesis and signal mediation. In addition, they are also of major interest to the biotechnological industry as several intermediates either possess flavor-enhancing characteristics or are applied in medical therapy. In this study, we have developed ...
Ma Yun - - 2012
The enantioselectivity interaction of 2,4-dichlorprop (DCPP) and catalase were studied, and it was further evaluated with the presence of humus. Both of rac-DCPP and R-DCPP can inhibit the activity of catalase with the concentrations of 0.05-80 mg L(-1), the inhibitory type of rac-DCPP was uncompetitive, and of R-DCPP was complex. The ...
Richardson Michelle - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown patient attitudes to be an important predictor for health related behaviours including medication adherence. It is less clear whether patient attitudes are also associated with medication adherence among patients with psychoses. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta analysis of the data of studies that ...
Westerbeek E A M - - 2012
We aimed to determine the effects of enteral supplementation of a prebiotic mixture of neutral and acidic oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS/pAOS) on the faecal microbiota and microenvironment in preterm infants. Furthermore, we determined the influence of perinatal factors on the development of the faecal microbiota. In a randomised controlled trial, preterm infants ...
Nitz Douglas A - - 2012
We recorded parietal cortex neurons as rats traversed squared spiral tracks. Spatial firing patterns distinguished the behaviorally identical track segments composing loops, yet recurred with increasing or decreasing amplitude across the five loops composing the full track. These results indicate that parietal cortex neurons simultaneously respond to spatial relationships in ...
Miri Shahnaz - - 2012
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological movement disorder that is often seen in multiple sclerosis patients. However, the association between RLS and multiple sclerosis (MS) is still unclear and RLS is not considered as one of the MS symptoms. This study was conducted to assess the frequency of ...
Skoruppa Katrin - - 2012
Using a picture pointing task, this study examines toddlers' processing of phonological alternations that trigger sound changes in connected speech. Three experiments investigate whether 2;5- to 3-year-old children take into account assimilations-processes by which phonological features of one sound spread to adjacent sounds-for the purpose of word recognition (e.g., in ...
Lobet S - - 2012
Few studies have assessed the changes produced by multiple joint impairments (MJI) of the lower limbs on gait in patients with haemophilia (PWH). In patients with MJI, quantifiable outcome measures are necessary if treatment benefits are to be compared. This study was aimed at observing the metabolic cost, mechanical work ...
Compter I - - 2012
PURPOSE: The goal of the present study was to analyze long-term results of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) in patients with a meningioma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 72 patients treated between 1996 and 2008 in MAASTRO clinic (n = 45) and University Hospital Zurich (n = 27) were included. SRT was given as primary ...
Costelloe Thomas T Department of Toxicogenetics, Leiden University Medical Center, Einthovenweg 20, 2333 ZC Leiden, The - - 2012
Several homology-dependent pathways can repair potentially lethal DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). The first step common to all homologous recombination reactions is the 5'-3' degradation of DSB ends that yields the 3' single-stranded DNA required for the loading of checkpoint and recombination proteins. In yeast, the Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 complex (Xrs2 is known ...
Milia Maria - - 2012
Orbital apex syndrome represents a heterogeneous group of disorders. It involves damage to the third, fourth and sixth nerves and the ophthalmic division of the fifth cranial nerve, and results in optic neuropathy. An 80-year-old man presented to our emergency clinic with left acute visual loss and three-day history of ...
Lee Seung-Pyo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) is an attractive therapeutic option for mitral stenosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and development of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) long after successful PMV. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: A prospective cohort of 299 patients with symptomatic MS who underwent successful PMV as first-line treatment between ...
Chang Jeong Ho - - 2012
Recent studies showed that Rai1 is a crucial component of the mRNA 5'-end-capping quality-control mechanism in yeast. The yeast genome encodes a weak homolog of Rai1, Ydr370C, but little is known about this protein. Here we report the crystal structures of Ydr370C from Kluyveromyces lactis and the first biochemical and ...
Lurie Samuel - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the need of episiotomy in a subsequent delivery in women with previous primiparous vaginal delivery with episiotomy. METHODS: In this historical prospective study, we followed primiparous women who had an episiotomy at a normal vaginal delivery. The study group included parturient women (n = 201) who underwent an episiotomy ...
Bernhard Wolfgang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Choline forms the head group of phosphatidylcholines, comprising 40-50 % of cellular membranes and 70-95 % of phospholipids in surfactant, bile, and lipoproteins. Moreover, choline serves as the precursor of acetylcholine and is important for brain differentiation and function. While accepted as essential for fetal and neonatal development, its role in ...
Kato Toshiaki - - 2012
Graphene nanoribbons combine the unique electronic and spin properties of graphene with a transport gap that arises from quantum confinement and edge effects. This makes them an attractive candidate material for the channels of next-generation transistors. Nanoribbons can be made in a variety of ways, including lithographic, chemical and sonochemical ...
Wu Chen - - 2012
We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a genome-wide gene-environment interaction analysis of esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (ESCC) in 2,031 affected individuals (cases) and 2,044 controls with independent validation in 8,092 cases and 8,620 controls. We identified nine new ESCC susceptibility loci, of which seven, at chromosomes 4q23, 16q12.1, 17q21, ...
Shiroyama Takayuki - - 2012
PURPOSE: We investigated the efficacy and toxicity of a novel oral 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) formulation (S-1), administered according to a tailored dose regimen. METHODS: S-1 was administered orally for 28 days, followed by 14 days of no treatment, in 23 patients who received a tailored dose of S-1, adjusted on the basis of ...
Wagner Zsolt - - 2012
Chiral capillary electrophoresis method has been developed to separate aspartate and glutamate enantiomers to investigate the putative neuromodulator function of D-Asp in the central nervous system. To achieve appropriate detection sensitivity fluorescent derivatization with 4-fluoro-7-nitro-2,1,3-benzoxadiazole and laser-induced fluorescence detection was applied. Although, simultaneous baseline separation of the two enantiomer pairs ...
Kosemehmetoglu Kemal - - 2012
PURPOSE: Behçet's disease (BD) is a rare inflammatory disorder with variable articular and systemic manifestations. Amyloidosis is an uncommon complication of BD. The aim of this study is to present clinicopathological characteristics and outcome of 8 patients with renal amyloidosis secondary to BD. METHODS: A total of 220 cases of ...
Inamasu Joji J Department of Emergency Medicine, Fujita Health University Hospital, 1-98 Kutsukake, Toyoake, Aichi 470-1192, Japan. - - 2013
The great majority of non-traumatic cardiac arrests (CA) occur at home. The toilet is a closed and private room where CA occurs frequently. However, due to the feelings of privacy that are associated with this room, the circumstances and causes of CA in the toilet have rarely been investigated. A ...
Chowdhury Rajiv - - 2012
Available literature suggests that both vitamin D and calcium may be associated with a wide range of non-skeletal outcomes. However, epidemiological evidence supporting their individual associations with incident cerebrovascular disease is scarce. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies, published before February 2012 and sought from ...
Knirsch Walter - - 2012
Femoral arterial thrombosis (FAT) is a nonnegligible complication after cardiac catheterization (CC) in infancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Doppler ultrasound (US) for diagnostic work-up after catheterization. We compared standard follow-up (FU) without Doppler US by relying on clinical signs of FAT with advanced ...
Yamamoto Satoshi - - 2012
Gene-targeting technology using mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells has become the "gold standard" for analyzing gene functions and producing disease models. Recently, genetically modified mice with multiple mutations have increasingly been produced to study the interaction between proteins and polygenic diseases. However, introduction of an additional mutation into mice already ...
González Paola S - - 2012
Phenolic compounds are contaminants frequently found in water and soils. In the last years, some technologies such as phytoremediation have emerged to remediate contaminated sites. Plants alone are unable to completely degrade some pollutants; therefore, their association with rhizospheric bacteria has been proposed to increase phytoremediation potential, an approach called ...
Kaur Tejinder - - 2012
In the present study, the leishmanicidal effect of two doses (5 and 10 mg/kg body weight) of the carboplatin was studied in Leishmania donovani-infected BALB/c mice. Mice were infected intracardially with promastigotes of L. donovani, and a month after infection, they were treated intraperitoneally with the two doses of the drug ...
Lam Amy J AJ Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, - - 2012
A variety of genetically encoded reporters use changes in fluorescence (or Förster) resonance energy transfer (FRET) to report on biochemical processes in living cells. The standard genetically encoded FRET pair consists of CFPs and YFPs, but many CFP-YFP reporters suffer from low FRET dynamic range, phototoxicity from the CFP excitation ...
Weimann A - - 2012
Nowadays, most patients in hospital die in the intensive care unit from sepsis and multiple organ failure. Clinical research in this critically ill and vulnerable patient population bears a lot of ethical and legal problems; however, it remains a must in order to develop evidence-based diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for ...
Schaefer Betti - - 2012
BACKGROUND: ABO-incompatible renal transplantation (ABOi-RTx) following preconditioning with immunoadsorption (IA) and rituximab is a promising approach to facilitate living-related RTx. However, clinical experience is limited in pediatric patients. METHODS: Three patients underwent living-related ABOi-RTx in our center. Preoperative IA was performed six, ten and 11 times in patient one, two ...
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