Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 3194
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Waung Maggie W - - 2012
Post-traumatic headache is a commonly described complication of traumatic brain injury. Recent studies highlight differences between headache features of combat veterans who suffered traumatic brain injury compared to civilians. Not surprisingly, there is a higher rate of associated PTSD and sleep disturbances among veterans. Factors of lower socioeconomic status, rank, ...
Petroze Robin T - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Increasing access to surgical care is among the prioritized healthcare initiatives in Rwanda and other low income countries, where only 3.5 % of surgical procedures worldwide are being performed. Partnerships among surgeons at academic medical centers, non-governmental organizations, and representatives of industry for building sustainable local surgical capacity in developing ...
Yin Weifan - - 2012
Exosomes, 60-90-nm-sized vesicles, are produced by a large number of cell types, including tumor cells, neurons, astrocytes, hemocytes, intestinal epithelial cells, and so on. Dendritic cell (DC), the most potent professional antigen-presenting cell in the immune system, produces exosomes in the course of maturation. Mature DCs produce exosomes with the ...
- - 2012
Information on how you can become involved in the BDA's new country councils and how they fit into the new structure of the organisation.
Yin Hengfu - - 2012
In vascular plants, the regulation of stem cell niche determines development of aerial shoot which consists of stems and lateral organs. Intercalary meristem (IM) controls internode elongation in rice and other grasses, however little attention has been paid to the underlying mechanism of stem cell maintenance. Here, we investigated the ...
Ramakers I H G B IH Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, Maastricht University, School for Mental Health and Neuroscience, Alzheimer Center Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2013
Anxiety, apathy and depression are common in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and may herald Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated whether these symptoms correlated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers for AD in subjects with MCI. Method Subjects with MCI (n=268) were selected from the 'Development of screening guidelines and ...
Bünger Stefanie S - - 2012
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: More than 1.2 million new cases of colorectal cancer are reported each year worldwide. Despite actual screening programs, about 50% of the patients are diagnosed at advanced tumor stages presenting poor prognosis. Innovative screening tools could aid the detection at early stages and allow curative treatment interventions. METHODS: ...
Karppinen A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Chiari type I malformation is a frequent incidental finding commonly associated with craniosynostosis. However, there seems to be a paucity of literature concerning the asymmetry of tonsillar herniation in patients with non-syndromic single-suture craniosynostosis. METHODS: To study the asymmetry in this cohort, measurements of the right and left tonsils ...
Schmid T E - - 2012
This study shows that enhanced radiobiological effectiveness (RBE) values can be generated focusing low linear energy transfer (LET) radiation and thus changing the microdose distribution. 20 MeV protons (LET = 2.65 keV µm(-1)) are focused to submicrometer diameter at the ion microprobe superconducting nanoprobe for applied nuclear (Kern) physics experiments of ...
Fthenakis Zacharias G - - 2012
Based on the near infra-red (NIR) interactance method, the FUTREX company has developed a series of instruments, for the estimation of the body fat percentage (%BF). %BF is estimated through prediction equations incorporated in the instruments, which for the newest models (FUTREX-6100XL and FUTREX-6100A/ZL) are proprietary and they are not ...
Gautam M K - - 2012
The present study has evaluated the healing effects of extract of dried fruit pulp of Terminalia chebula (TCE) on acetic acid (AA)-induced colitis in rats. TCE (600 mg/kg) showed healing effects against AA-induced colonic damage score and weight when administered orally daily for 14 days. TCE was further studied for its effects ...
Garg Varun - - 2012
Telaprevir is an inhibitor of the HCV NS3/4A protease. When used in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin, telaprevir has demonstrated a substantial increase in sustained virological response compared with pegylated interferon and ribavirin used alone. Telaprevir has good oral bioavailability, which is enhanced when administered with food. Telaprevir is ...
Cannell P J - - 2012
Introduction A mandatory scheme for clinical audit in the general dental services (GDS) was launched in April 2001. No evaluation of this mandatory scheme exists in the literature. This study provides an evaluation of this scheme. More recently a new dental contract was introduced in the general dental services (GDS) ...
Nason Gregory J - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To evaluate the quality of health-based information available to patients and their parents on the Internet regarding hydrocele, a common paediatric condition, an Internet search was performed and a questionnaire distributed. Material and methods. The top 100 websites from the five most accessed search engines were reviewed by ...
Jin Zhiping - - 2012
The ongoing search for new non-precious-metal catalysts (NPMCs) with excellent electrocatalytic performance to replace Pt-based catalysts has been viewed as an important strategy to promote the development of fuel cells. Recent studies have proven that carbon materials doped with atoms which have a relatively small atomic size (e.g. N, B, ...
Potter Jennifer E JE Division of General Internal Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Women's Health Team, Fenway Health, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
Lichen sclerosus is a commonly misdiagnosed disease that is characterized by thinned, hypopigmented, crinkled skin that often forms a figure-eight shape around the vaginal and anal openings. We present a case of advanced lichen sclerosus in a 53-year-old female patient prescribed a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor after the excision of a ...
Kulaksizoglu Sevsen - - 2012
This study was designed to compare first-trimester maternal serum biochemical markers of aneuploidy and fetal nuchal translucency in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus and those of a control group. The study included 60 gestational diabetic and 60 control women who attended the first-trimester combined screening program for Down syndrome ...
Inada Takefumi - - 2012
Leukotrienes, divided into cysteinyl leukotrienes (CysLTs), which are important mediators of asthmatic responses, and leukotriene B4 (LTB(4)), a chemotactic and chemokinetic agent for leukocytes, are potent lipid mediators generated from arachidonic acid by 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO). Leukotrienes are also considered to have immunoregulatory and pro-inflammatory actions. Propofol is an intravenous anesthetic ...
Chien Pham Ngoc - - 2012
The receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPσ mediates neural development and regeneration. Early studies on the ligands of PTPσ identified heparan sulfate proteolycan (HSPG) as a ligand. Binding of HSPG to PTPσ plays a critical role in axon guidance and synapse formation. PTPσ is also a receptor for chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan ...
Benjamin Sophie L - - 2012
[MF(4)(dmso)(2)] (M = Zr or Hf) and [MF(4)(dmf)(2)], prepared by dissolving MF(4)·nH(2)O in the appropriate solvent, have been used as synthons for a range of complexes of these otherwise intractable tetrafluorides. These reagents react with OPR(3) (R = Me or Ph) or OAsPh(3) (L) in anhydrous CH(2)Cl(2) to form six-coordinate ...
de la Arada Igor - - 2012
Human and bovine serum albumins are widely known proteins that can form amyloid fibrils under destabilizing conditions. Use of well-known proteins with easily-controlled aggregation process, and comparison of these processes for similar proteins from different species, could help elucidate the nature of the aggregation process implicated in many degenerative diseases, ...
Hwang In Cheol - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is scant research concerning the prediction of imminent death, and current studies simply list events "that have already occurred" around 48 h of the death. We sought to determine what events herald the onset of dying process using the length of time from "any change" to death. METHODS: This ...
Cordero Otto X - - 2012
In animals and plants, social structure can reduce conflict within populations and bias aggression toward competing populations; however, for bacteria in the wild it remains unknown whether such population-level organization exists. Here, we show that environmental bacteria are organized into socially cohesive units in which antagonism occurs between rather than ...
Bramanti V - - 2012
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) plays a crucial role in oxidative stress processes, apoptosis and cell differentiation. Further, some proteins related to cell cycle including cyclins and p21 are important markers of astrocyte cultures. Aim of investigation was to study the effects of cholinergic precursors (choline, CDP-choline, Acetylcholine and α-Glyceril-Phosphorylcholine) on HO-1 ...
Wani Nissar Ahmad - - 2013
Folic acid is an essential nutrient that is required for one-carbon biosynthetic processes and for methylation of biomolecules. Deficiency of this micronutrient leads to disturbances in normal physiology of cell. Chronic alcoholism is well known to be associated with folate deficiency, which is due in part to folate malabsorption. The ...
Nyström Marcus - - 2012
Recording eye movement data with high quality is often a prerequisite for producing valid and replicable results and for drawing well-founded conclusions about the oculomotor system. Today, many aspects of data quality are often informally discussed among researchers but are very seldom measured, quantified, and reported. Here we systematically investigated ...
Li Yuan - - 2012
Seventeen independent transgenic rice plants with the maize anthocyanin regulatory gene Lc under control of the CaMV 35S promoter were obtained and verified by molecular identification. Ten plants showed red spikelets during early development of florets, and the degenerate florets were still red after heading. Additionally, these plants exhibited intense ...
Yip K - - 2012
The practice of operative dentistry continues to evolve, to reflect the many changes occurring in society and in dental diseases and conditions. However, the belief that all questionable and early carious lesions should be restored still persists. This belief is largely based upon the concept that the removal of all ...
Choi Youngseon - - 2012
We have developed a novel fluorogenic nanoprobes prepared from the assembly of CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD) and gold (Au) nanoparticles in which QD was conjugated with specifically designed -secretase (BACE1) substrate peptide allowing to bind to Ni-nitrilotriacetate (Ni-NTA) modified Au nanoparticles. This coordination mediated binding of the QD with Au ...
Hisam Elly Ezlinda Abdul - - 2012
Context: Bauhinia purpurea L. (Fabaceae) is a native plant species of many Asian countries, including Malaysia and India. In India, the root, stem, bark, and leaf of B. purpurea are used to treat various ailments, including ulcers and stomach cancer. Objective: In an attempt to establish its pharmacological potential, we ...
Macgregor Herbert C - - 2012
The history of studies on the chromomeres of lampbrush chromosomes is outlined and evidence for the nature and function of these structures is collected and summarised. Chromomeres and their associated loops on lampbrush chromosomes are not genetic units although in some special cases, they consist of specific families of repeated ...
Alzoubi Karem H - - 2012
Either sleep deprivation or Western diet can impair learning and memory via induction of oxidative stress, which results in neuronal damage and interference with the neurotransmission. In this study, we examined the combined effect of sleep deprivation and Western diet on hippocampus-dependent spatial learning and memory. In addition, possible molecular ...
Malfanova Natalia - - 2012
Twenty endophytic bacteria were isolated from surface-sterilized stems and roots of cucumber plants. After removal of potential siblings and human pathogens, the remaining seven strains were identified based on their 16S rDNA as Pseudomonas fluorescens (2 strains) and P. putida (5 strains). Three strains, namely P. fluorescens CS1, P. fluorescens ...
de Almeida Sílvio Henrique Maia - - 2012
We report a case of small-bowel obstruction caused by an internal hernia produced by the presence of an intraperitoneal sling mesh. A woman with a history of multiple abdominal surgeries was referred from another center after a sling procedure. On the fifth day after surgery, she developed small-bowel obstruction. Exploratory ...
Nakao Takeshi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patients with Stargardt's disease usually have a poor visual prognosis. However, in our clinical practice we have observed some patients with dark-red foveal pigmentation (sparing) who had good best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) despite the presence of a late-stage disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate the ...
- - 2012
There is an increasing 'acceptance of a multicausal, non-occlusion-oriented aetiology of bruxism.'
Lee Byung Ho - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To date, skillful medical management and advanced surgical techniques have provided increased quality of life with less postoperative morbidity in patients with spinal metastasis. We assessed the survival of patients with spinal metastasis according to two treatment modalities: surgery and conservative treatment. METHODS: From 2005 to 2010, a total ...
Cardena Mari Maki Siria Godoy - - 2012
Mitochondria provide an environment conducive to mutations in DNA molecules (mtDNA). Analyses of mtDNA have shown mutations potentially leading to many cardiovascular traits. Here, we describe a patient with dilated cardiomyopathy and new mtDNA duplication. The patient presented symptoms of heart failure New York Heart Association functional class III and ...
Vasbinder Erwin - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of ethnicity with objectively, electronically measured adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) in a multicultural population of children with asthma in the city of Amsterdam. METHODS: The study was designed as a prospective, observational multicenter study in which adherence to ICS and potential risk factors for ...
Moraes Paula M - - 2012
This paper presents preliminary findings for a metallomics study of mercury in the muscle of the fish species from Amazonas, Brazil, after protein separation by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and subsequent evaluation of mercury by synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence. The fluorescence spectra revealed mercury in two protein spots. The mercury-containing ...
Zhou Zu-Bin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications following minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) with the proximal humeral internal locking system (PHILOS) for treating proximal humeral shaft fracture through the deltopectoral approach. Between November 2008 and March 2010, 74 patients with unilateral proximal humeral shaft fractures ...
Leung Mandy H M - - 2012
Ligand-metal interaction between curcumin and Cu(ii) in methanol and sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) micelles was investigated using fluorescence spectroscopy and transient absorption spectroscopy. The Cu(ii) ion exhibits a high efficiency in quenching the fluorescence of curcumin. By quantifying fluorescence quenching as a function of Cu(ii) concentration, the complexation constants, K(1) ...
Yoong W - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of the study was to describe effectiveness and safety of percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) at 2 years in women with overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome unresponsive to pharmacotherapy. METHODS: Of 30 women who had initial positive response to PTNS, 23 continued to receive maintenance treatment and ...
Katz Jordan E - - 2012
Electron mobility within iron (oxyhydr)oxides enables charge transfer between widely separated surface sites. There is increasing evidence that this internal conduction influences the rates of interfacial reactions and the outcomes of redox-driven phase transformations of environmental interest. To determine the links between crystal structure and charge-transport efficiency, we used pump-probe ...
Terencio Maria Leandra - - 2012
Tandemly repeated sequences are a common feature of vertebrate mitochondrial DNA control regions. However, questions still remain about their mode of evolution and function. To better understand patterns of variation in length and to explore the existence of previously described domain, we have characterized the control region structure of the ...
Olsson Hans - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Stage T1 urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB) exhibits heterogeneous clinical behaviour, and the treatment is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate prognostic factors for UCB in a defined, population-based cohort comprising patients with a first time diagnosis of primary stage T1 UCB. Material and ...
Xu Zhenqiang - - 2012
Increasing evidences show that inhalation of indoor bioaerosols has caused numerous adverse health effects and diseases. However, the bioaerosol size distribution, composition, and concentration level, representing different inhalation risks, could vary with different living environments. The six-stage Andersen sampler is designed to simulate the sampling of different human lung regions. ...
Honarvar M - - 2012
We consider the inverse problem of continuum mechanics with the tissue deformation described by a mixed displacement-pressure finite element formulation. The mixed formulation is used to model nearly incompressible materials by simultaneously solving for both elasticity and pressure distributions. To improve numerical conditioning, a common solution to this problem is ...
Bartoli Andrea - - 2012
A 39-year old man came to our outpatient clinic with long history of unspecific symptoms and signs. Cerebral MRI showed herniation of the cerebellar tonsils of more than 1 cm below the foramen magnum and a triventricular hydrocephalus. A diagnosis of Chiari I malformation was retained. After an osteo-dural decompression of ...
Hanzelka Katy M - - 2012
PURPOSE: The investigation examines the impact of a standardized sepsis order set and algorithm utilizing non-invasive monitoring for early-goal directed therapy (EGDT) in an emergency center setting on the clinical outcomes of sepsis in cancer patients. METHODS: Single-center, retrospective study comparing clinical outcomes of sepsis before and after routine usage ...
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