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Alipour Misagh - - 2012
Ricin toxin A chain (RTA) is the cytotoxic component of the dimeric protein, ricin, one of the most potent and deadly plant toxins extracted from the seeds of Ricinus communis. RTA has been investigated as a potential candidate for cancer chemotherapy, in the form of immunotoxins, and as a method ...
Mayes Patrick A - - 2012
Inhibition of centromere-associated protein-E (CENP-E) has demonstrated preclinical anti-tumor activity in a number of tumor types including neuroblastoma. A potent small molecule inhibitor of the kinesin motor activity of CENP-E has recently been developed (GSK923295). To identify an effective drug combination strategy for GSK923295 in neuroblastoma we performed a screen ...
Deligeoroglou Efthimios - - 2012
Abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), which is defined as excessively heavy, prolonged and/or frequent bleeding of uterine origin, is a frequent cause of visits to the Emergency Department and/or health care provider. While there are many etiologies of AUB, the one most likely among otherwise healthy adolescents is dysfunctional uterine bleeding ...
Binford Hopf Roslyn B - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the feasibility and acceptability of an Internet-based chat support group for parents implementing family-based treatment (FBT). METHOD: Participants (N = 13) were parents of adolescents with eating disorder who participated in 15 weekly online therapist-guided chat sessions. Sessions focused on encouraging and supporting parental efforts to ...
Gun Ramazan - - 2012
Surgical approaches to the anterior cranial base have changed considerably with the introduction of endonasal endoscopic surgery. This study aims to define the factors which help in selecting the optimal surgical approach for the treatment of anterior cranial base encephaloceles. Patients who received treatment for anterior cranial base encephaloceles at ...
Honma Naoko - - 2012
Estrogens are thought to play an important role in bone metabolism through estrogen receptors (ER). Dinucleotide (cytosine-adenine, CA) repeat polymorphism in the human ER-β gene (ESR2) has been reported to be associated with bone mineral density. We aimed to further elucidate the importance of this polymorphism in the pathogenesis of ...
Gillibert L - - 2012
X-ray microtomography from cold-sprayed coatings brings a new insight on this deposition process. A noise-tolerant segmentation algorithm is introduced, based on the combination of two segmentations: a deterministic multiscale segmentation and a stochastic segmentation. The stochastic approach uses random Poisson lines as markers. Results on a X-ray microtomographic image of ...
Sharma Shamurailatpam Dayananda - - 2012
The performance of an image registration (IR) software was evaluated for automatically detecting known errors simulated through the movement of ExactCouch using an onboard imager. Twenty-seven set-up errors (11 translations, 10 rotations, 6 translation and rotation) were simulated by introducing offset up to ±15 mm in three principal axes and 0° ...
Paul Ph - - 2012
A novel stitching method is presented which does not require special purpose alignment markers and which is particularly adapted to probe lithographic methods, enabling the writing of large patterns exceeding the size limitations imposed by high precision scan stages. The technique exploits the natural roughness of polymeric resist surfaces as ...
Liaw Yu-Ching - - 2012
Kidney cells are the common host for JC virus (JCV) and BK virus (BKV). Reactivation of JCV and/or BKV in patients after organ transplantation, such as renal transplantation, may cause hemorrhagic cystitis and polyomavirus-associated nephropathy. Furthermore, JCV and BKV may be shed in the urine after reactivation in the kidney. ...
Xia Bing - - 2012
A robust artificial microRNA (amiRNA) strategy against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) was developed by targeting the untranslated regions (UTRs). Six candidate amiRNAs targeting the 5' or 3' UTR were used for vector construction, and four effective amiRNAs were selected for further study using a vector transfection/virus infection ...
Leonardi A - - 2012
Ocular allergy includes several clinically different conditions that can be considered as hypersensitivity disorders of the ocular surface. The classification of these conditions is complex, and their epidemiology has not been adequately studied because of the lack of unequivocal nomenclature. Ocular allergy symptoms are often, but not always, associated with ...
Calzavara-Pinton Pier Giacomo - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) has been suggested as a useful treatment option in a number of skin tumors, other than approved indications, and infections. However, evidence is poor because it is mainly supported by isolated case reports or small case series, often with conflicting results. To assess ...
Tian Yu-Shi - - 2012
Cyclophilin A has attracted attention recently as a new target of anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) drugs. However, so far no drug against HIV-1 infection exhibiting this mechanism of action has been approved. To identify new potent candidates for inhibitors, we performed in silico screening of a commercial database ...
Molina V - - 2012
Acute infections with bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), a major pathogen of cattle, are often asymptomatic or produce only mild clinical symptoms. However, they may play an important role in the bovine respiratory disease complex by exerting a marked immunosuppressive effect, as a result of the death of the immunocompetent ...
Cinotti G - - 2012
The aim of this study was to address, in normal knees, the variability of posterior offset of femoral condyles and tibial slope, and the presence of any correlation between the two that might be needed to achieve an adequate joint motion in flexion. Magnetic resonance images of normal knees of ...
Zandieh Ali - - 2012
Aim: To determine the appropriate threshold of body mass index (BMI) associated with increased risk of cardiovascular diseases in a large representative sample of an Iranian population. Subjects and methods: Data of third national surveillance of risk factors of non-communicable diseases (SuRFNCD-2007) were used in this study. Sensitivity, specificity, and ...
Talebi-Garakani Elahe - - 2012
Inflammation plays an important role in the genesis and progression of diabetes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resistance training on serum levels of some inflammatory markers associated with diabetes mellitus. Twenty-four male Wistar rats (290 ± 19 g) were randomly divided into three groups: non-diabetic control (non-DC), ...
Aanaes Kasper - - 2012
PURPOSE: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasm autoantibodies (ANCA) directed against bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) are common in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and serum levels are correlated with lung colonisation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the severity of lung damage. The production of BPI-ANCA may be due to the co-stimulation of BPI when mounting an ...
Suga Hiraku - - 2012
Many patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) experience severe pruritus. This study evaluated serum levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in patients with CTCL. Although serum NGF and BDNF levels in patients with CTCL were not significantly higher than in healthy controls, serum NGF levels ...
Arora Natasha P - - 2012
Anemia and iron deficiency are quite prevalent in patients with heart failure (HF) and may overlap. Both anemia and iron deficiency are associated with worse symptoms and adverse clinical outcomes. In the past few years, there has been an enormous interest in the subject of iron deficiency and its management ...
Sanz M J - - 2012
Two of the domains most widely shared among R genes are the nucleotide binding site (NBS) and protein kinase (PK) domains. The present study describes and maps a number of new oat resistance gene analogues (RGAs) with two purposes in mind: (1) to identify genetic regions that contain R genes ...
Jafarzadeh A - - 2012
The immunosuppression that occurs after burn injury causes an increase in susceptibility to infection. The aim was to investigate time-related alterations in various cytokines following thermal injury and to modulate cytokines by use of an immunomodulant, cimetidine. Male Balb/c mice were anesthetized and given a 10% total body surface area ...
Mann Chris D - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There is relatively little in the medical literature relating to complaints about the healthcare process. The aim of this study was to report the frequency and content of patient complaints against a University Hospital Surgical Department. In particular, the study aimed to relate the number of complaints to the ...
Ramirez Marcela C - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization affects surgical site infections (SSI) after major gastrointestinal (GI) operations. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients undergoing major GI surgery from December 2007 to August 2009. All patients were tested for MRSA ...
Tran Ben - - 2012
The successes of targeted drugs with companion predictive biomarkers and the technological advances in gene sequencing have generated enthusiasm for evaluating personalized cancer medicine strategies using genomic profiling. We assessed the feasibility of incorporating real-time analysis of somatic mutations within exons of 19 genes into patient management. Blood, tumor biopsy ...
Perera V - - 2012
The drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP1A2 contributes to the metabolism of a number of commonly used medicines and displays wide interindividual variability. The aim of this study was to investigate CYP1A2 activity in a population of South Asian ancestry and compare it with a population of European ancestry. CYP1A2 activity was determined ...
Basaruddin Khairul Salleh - - 2012
Trabecular bone has a complicated porous microstructure and consists of interconnected plates and rods known as trabeculae. The microarchitecture of the trabeculae contributes to load distribution capacity and, particularly, the optimal bone strength. Many previous studies have shown that morphological parameters are used to characterize the microarchitecture of trabecular bone, ...
Century Jeanne - - 2012
This article describes research that focuses on the concern that researchers are unable to fully realize the potential value of their collective efforts because they do not have shared conceptual or operational tools for communicating assumptions, ideas, research strategies, or findings with others outside, or even within their disciplines. This ...
Luo Sijing - - 2012
Protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathway is recognized as an important molecular mechanism of Alzheimer's disease (AD) in the regulation of neuronal plasticity and survival. Genistein, the most active molecule of soy isoflavones, exerts neuroprotective roles in AD. However, the detailed mechanism has not been fully understood yet. The present ...
Suganuma Seigo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We examined whether or not peripheral nerves can be regenerated using uncultured adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs). We also searched for humoral factors that might promote the proliferation or migration of Schwann cells. METHODS: Thirty rats were randomly assigned to three groups. A 10 mm sciatic nerve defect was bridged using ...
Yuan G H - - 2012
A novel phase modulation method for dynamic manipulation of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) with a phase engineered optical vortex (OV) beam illuminating on nanoslits is experimentally demonstrated. Because of the unique helical phase carried by an OV beam, dynamic control of SPP multiple focusing and standing wave generation is realized by changing ...
Song Zhihua - - 2012
The ability of immobilized lipase from Rhizomucor miehei (Lipozyme RM IM) to catalyze the reaction of high-acid rice bran oil (RBO) and monoglyceride (MG) for diacylglycerol-enriched rice bran oil (RBO-DG) preparation was investigated. The effects of substrate ratio, reaction temperature, time, and enzyme load on the respective content of free ...
Mehls Otto - - 2012
Growth retardation remains a clinical problem in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) prior to and during end-stage renal disease. The growth of approximately 40 % of children on dialysis is stunted. Even so, growth hormone treatment (GH) is not used in the majority of small children prior to transplantation. ...
Su Bo - - 2012
The first enantioselective approach to 13a-methylphenanthroindolizidine alkaloids is reported, featuring an efficient stereoselective Seebach's alkylation and Pictet-Spengler cyclization. The proposed and other three most probable structures were ruled out, indicating hypoestestatin 1 needs further assignment.
Eliseeva Maria N - - 2012
Small amounts of base (e.g., 10% potassium t-butoxide or sodium methoxide) have been found to promote equilibration of the kinetically favored products from Ir-catalyzed C-H polyborylations of aromatic compounds. In the presence of excess borylating agent, bis(pinacolato)diborane (B(2)pin(2)), repetitive deborylation/reborylations reposition the Bpin substituents until a pattern that accommodates the ...
Coriolano Marília Cavalcanti - - 2012
The mitogenic lectins are invaluable tools to study the biochemical changes associated with lymphocyte activation and proliferation of various immune cells. Rachycentron canadum lectin (RcaL) was detected and purified from serum of cobia fish. The aim of this study was to evaluate the proliferative response and cytokine production in splenocytes ...
Campagnoli Carlo - - 2012
In western women, the endometrium is frequently exposed, even after menopause, to the endogenous hormonal stimulation. Such a stimulation increases the risk of pathologic conditions such as endometrial hyperplasia and type I (endometrioid) endometrial adenocarcinoma. Metabolic syndrome, obesity, insulin resistance and type II diabetes promote the endometrial stimulation, and are ...
Aceti A - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Offspring of diabetic mothers have increased risk of the metabolic syndrome in adulthood. Studies examining BP in offspring of diabetic mothers have conflicting conclusions. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting offspring BP in children born to diabetic mothers. METHODS: Citations were identified in PubMed. Authors ...
Ziats Mark N - - 2012
The autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a significant hereditary component, but the implicated genetic loci are heterogeneous and complex. Consequently, there is a gap in understanding how diverse genomic aberrations all result in one clinical ASD phenotype. Gene expression studies from autism brain tissue have demonstrated that aberrantly expressed protein-coding ...
Campos Alberto E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: CRTh2 (chemoattractant-receptor homologous molecule expressed on Th2 cells) is expressed by Th2 cells and other cells involved in allergic inflammation. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in CRTh2 (rs11571288, rs545659, rs634681) have been associated with various phenotypes of allergy in ethnically distinct populations. Here, we assessed the association between CRTh2 rs533116 ...
Sun Sheng - - 2012
Gradual degradation seems inevitable for non-recombining sex chromosomes. This has been supported by the observation of degenerated non-recombining sex chromosomes in a variety of species. The human Y chromosome has also degenerated significantly during its evolution, and theories have been advanced that the Y chromosome could disappear within the next ...
Leeder J S - - 2012
In a 2010 review in Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Nick Holford noted that in neonates and young infants, maturation of the organs responsible for drug clearance is a more important determinant of pharmacokinetics (PK) than is body size.(1) Here we review recent developments that provide new insights into how physiological ...
Tabolli Stefano - - 2012
Health status, health services utilization and mortality differ by marital status for both sexes in most conditions, but little is known about dermatological diseases. We evaluated whether marital status is associated with the impact that dermatological diseases have on quality of life (QoL). Data from two surveys on dermatological outpatients ...
Jadhav Shekhar B - - 2012
In this report a textile azo dye Remazol orange was degraded and detoxified by bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa BCH in plain distilled water. This bacterial decolorization performance was found to be pH and temperature dependent with maximum decolorization observed at pH 8 and temperature 30 °C. Bacterium tolerated higher dye concentrations up to ...
Shinkai Shoji - - 2012
Oral intake of Lactobacillus pentosus strain b240 (b240) has been shown to enhance the secretion of salivary secretory IgA in elderly adults. However, its clinical benefits remain to be determined. We tested the hypothesis that b240 exerts a protective effect against the common cold in elderly adults. The design of ...
Kuwahara Hideharu - - 2012
It is generally thought that the terrestrial atmosphere at the time of the origin of life was CO(2)-rich and that organic compounds such as amino acids would not have been efficiently formed abiotically under such conditions. It has been pointed out, however, that the previously reported low yields of amino ...
Mizuta Katsumi - - 2012
To clarify the epidemiology of viral acute respiratory infections (ARIs), we isolated 305 human parainfluenza virus type 1 (HPIV1), 154 HPIV2 and 574 HPIV3 strains from 16,962 nasopharyngeal swabs obtained between 2002 and 2011 at pediatric clinics in Yamagata, Japan. The total isolation frequency for HPIV1-3 was 6.1%. Unlike HPIV1 ...
Partlow Adam - - 2012
The purpose of this paper is to determine whether it is possible to use an automated measurement tool to clinically classify clients who are wheelchair users with severe musculoskeletal deformities, replacing the current process which relies upon clinical engineers with advanced knowledge and skills. Clients' body shapes were captured using ...
Sun Jing - - 2012
A sensitive and efficient analytical method for triclosan (TCS) determination in water, which involves enrichment with bamboo-activated charcoal and detection with HPLC-ESI-MS, was developed. The influence of several operational parameters, including the eluant and its volume, the flow rate, the volume andacidity of the sample, and the amount of bamboo-activated ...
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