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Horman Joseph T - - 2012
Objective-To evaluate the effectiveness of an oral rabies vaccination (ORV) project conducted from 1998 through 2007 in Anne Arundel County, Md, for the control of rabies in terrestrial animals. Design-Retrospective analysis of surveillance data (1997 through 2007). Animals-Free-ranging raccoons (Procyon lotor) and other terrestrial mammals. Procedures-Vaccinia-rabies glycoprotein recombinant virus oral ...
Aprea Francesco - - 2012
Objective-To investigate the effect of intraoperative extradural morphine administration on postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing thoracolumbar spinal surgery to treat disk extrusion. Design-Prospective clinical trial. Animals-26 client-owned dogs undergoing thoracolumbar spinal surgery. Procedures-Animals were randomly allocated to receive morphine (0.1 mg/kg [0.045 mg/lb], extradurally) or no treatment (control group). Following ...
Lederer Albena - - 2012
Frontispiece: Pseudo-dendrimers in four generations can be synthesized by a simple modification of a hyperbranched polyester. The increase of the generation number simply by repeating the synthetic procedure results in dense shell covering the hyperbranched core and strong decrease of the solution viscosity. This effect could be used for the ...
Dasgupta Indrani - - 2012
The small neuroendocrine protein 7B2 has been shown to be required for the productive maturation of proprotein convertase 2 (proPC2) to an active enzyme form; this action is accomplished via its ability to block aggregation of proPC2 into nonactivatable forms. Recent data show that 7B2 can also act as a ...
Li Bingling - - 2012
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification of DNA (LAMP) is a powerful isothermal nucleic acid amplification technique that can accumulate ~10(9) copies from less than 10 copies of input template within an hour or two. Unfortunately, while the amplification reactions are extremely powerful, the quantitative detection of LAMP products is still analytically difficult. ...
Smith Kathryn A - - 2012
Given the complexity of cell membranes, there is a need for an analytical technique which can explore the physical properties of lipid membranes in a high-throughput and noninvasive manner. A simplified sum-frequency vibrational imaging (SFVI) setup has been developed and characterized using asymmetrically prepared 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC):1,2-distearoyl(d70)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DSPC-d(70)) lipid bilayer arrays. ...
Shen Liyan L MOE Key Laboratory of Macromolecular Synthesis and Functionalization, Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, - - 2012
A superhydrophobic/hydrophilic asymmetric free-standing film has been created using layer-by-layer assembly technique. Poly(ethylene-imine)-Ag(+) complex (PEI-Ag(+)) at pH 9.0 was assembled with poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) at pH 3.2 on a Teflon substrate to yield a micronanostructured surface that can be turned to be superhydrophobic after being coated with a low surface ...
Kiorpelidou Eva E MRC Centre for Drug Safety Science, Department of Pharmacology, University of Liverpool , Sherrington Building, Ashton Street, Liverpool L69 3GE, - - 2012
Cytokine release from dendritic cells in vitro is a useful marker to discriminate between sensitizing and irritant haptenic chemicals. Unfortunately, pro-haptens, which gain reactivity following metabolic/auto activation, yield negative results. To overcome this, we exposed human neutrophils and THP-1 cells to haptens/pro-haptens and measured IL-8 release. Haptenic compounds stimulated IL-8 ...
Zhao Jing - - 2012
Antioxidative peptides in food systems are potential targets of lipid oxidation-generated reactive aldehydes, such as malonaldehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE). In this study, covalent modifications on radical-scavenging peptides prepared from soy protein hydrolysate by MDA and HNE were characterized by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). MS/MS analyses detected the formation ...
Itoi Takao - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The cholangioscopic features of IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis (IgG4-SC) remain undefined. The aim of this study was to clarify these endoscopic features using peroral video cholangioscopy (PVCS) in IgG4-SC patients. METHODS: PVCS was performed in 33 patients: IgG4-SC (n = 13); primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC; n = 5); and cholangiocarcinoma (n = 15), which included hilar ...
Abduch Maria Cristina Donadio - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The high and increasing prevalence of Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) represents a serious public health problem. New technologies are being used aiming at more accurate diagnoses in order to improve therapeutic approach. In this scenario, speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) uses natural myocardial markers to analyze the systolic deformation of the ...
Longerich T - - 2012
Molecular hepatocarcinogenesis represents a step-wise process which in most cases is associated with a well-defined chronic liver disease. By meta-analysis of classical comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) data an oncogenetic progression model could be generated (1q gain→ 8q gain → 4q loss → 16q loss → 13q loss). Array-based CGH allows ...
Wehling M - - 2012
Cognitive impairment is a growing problem in aging societies, and dementia is turning into an epidemic. Modifiable conditions are of major interest, as a causal treatment of dementia is still unknown. Drugs represent a major reversible contributor to cognitive deficits and delirium which is seen in 12-50% of elderly in-hospital ...
Stellbrink H-J - - 2012
Antiretroviral treatment of HIV-1 infection requires a combination of compounds from different drug classes. It aims at life-long virus suppression, resulting in prevention of disease progression and improvement of life expectancy as well as quality of life. Efficacy, resistance, side effects, drug interactions, and patient preferences have to be considered ...
Sucker C - - 2012
The case of a 65-year-old woman with acquired hemophilia is reported. Acquired hemophilia is characterized by the development of inhibitors directed against coagulation factors. Impairment of plasmatic hemostasis leads to a severe bleeding tendency in individuals without a preexisting coagulation defect with considerable mortality. Pathophysiology, diagnostic work-up, and treatment are ...
Sajnani A K - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: It is generally perceived that patients with palatally impacted canines experience a delay in dental development, while patients with buccally impacted canines do not. Nevertheless, there is little scientific data on the subject, and no data at all on Chinese populations. The objectives of this study were, thus, to ...
Terracciano A - - 2012
The occurrence of epilepsy with mental retardation limited to females (EFMR; MIM 300088) has been recently associated to mutations in the PCDH19 gene, located on chromosome X and encoding for protocadherin 19. EFMR shows a rare X-linked inheritance wherein affected females may be segregating a mutation through unaffected transmitting males ...
Costa Elide Sbardellotto Mariano da - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cardiac transplantation continues to be the treatment of choice for heart failure refractory to optimized treatment. Two methods have high sensitivity for diagnosing allograft rejection episodes and cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV), important causes of mortality after transplantation. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) results and endomyocardial ...
Luo Kun - - 2012
In this investigation, the effect of pH (4.0-11.0) on waste-activated sludge (WAS) hydrolysis and acidification in the presence of a biosurfactant rhamnolipid (RL) were studied. The results showed that the hydrolysis and acidification of WAS in the presence of RL at alkaline pH values were more efficient than that at ...
Heinrich S - - 2012
Hyponatremia is the most common electrolyte disorder in the hospital setting and is defined as a serum sodium concentration less than 135 mmol/l. Most patients have mild hyponatremia (plasma sodium concentration 130-134 mmol/l) and few if any symptoms. Serum sodium concentrations between 120 and 129 mmol/l can be associated with lack of concentration, ...
Schäper S - - 2012
In the coming years, a growing number of people with an intellectual disability will reach retirement age. In line with the change of paradigms, the leading ideas of participation, inclusion and self-determination have become the principles of the ideological and conceptual framework in social services for people with disabilities. However, ...
Ueshima Kenji - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Since dyslipidemia has been shown to be an independent risk factor for the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering therapy can be potentially associated with inhibition of CKD progression. The ASsessment of clinical Usefulness in CKD patients with Atorvastatin (ASUCA) trial was designed to determine ...
Kündiger T - - 2012
We report a case of a 69-year-old man who developed tetraparesis and muscular pain under the therapy of prednisolone for several months. Diagnosis was sepsis due to pyomyositis with multiple septic pulmonary staphylococcus aureus abscesses. Antibiotic therapy with piperacillin and tazobactam resulted in a decrease of the inflammatory factors and ...
Sigler Eric J - - 2012
PURPOSE: To compare visual and anatomic outcomes in eyes with type 2 idiopathic macular telangiectasia (Mactel) treated with either intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB), observation, or pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with internal limiting membrane removal. METHODS: Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series of phakic patients with Mactel. Best-corrected Snellen visual acuity (BCVA) and ...
Radespiel-Tröger M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association between uranium (U) content in public drinking water on the one hand and the risk of cancer of the colorectum, lung, female breast, prostate, kidney, and urinary bladder, total cancer, and leukemia on the other hand in Bavaria, an ecologic study on the level ...
Wang Xijun - - 2012
Recent advances in proteomic technologies have enabled us to create detailed protein-protein interaction maps in diseases. As the size of the interaction dataset increases, powerful computational methods are required in order to effectively interpret network models from large scale interactome data. In this study, we carried out comparative proteomics to ...
Dhir Mashaal - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Surgery remains one of the major treatment options available to patients with gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to develop a preoperative nomogram based on the presence of comorbidities to predict the risk of perioperative mortality following gastric resections for malignancy. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) ...
McCrary Parker D - - 2012
The passivation and stability of suspensions of titanium nanoparticles in azolium azolate ionic liquids can be tuned by introducing metal specific binding sites in the azolate anion.
Tu Chuan-Tao - - 2012
The aims of this study were to examine the anti-inflammatory effect of curcumin on concanavalin A (ConA) induced hepatitis in mice, and to elucidate its underlying molecular mechanisms. Mice received curcumin by gavage before ConA intravenous administration. The results showed that curcumin pretreatment attenuated ConA-induced hepatitis. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ...
Cooper D M L - - 2012
The bones of many terrestrial vertebrates, including humans, are continually altered through an internal process of turnover known as remodeling. This process plays a central role in bone adaptation and disease. The uptake of fluorescent tetracyclines within bone mineral is widely exploited as a means of tracking new tissue formation. ...
Randić Milan - - 2012
We describe a very efficient search for nucleotide alignments, which is analogous to the novel very efficient search for protein alignment. Just as it has been the case with the alignment of proteins, based on 20 × 20 adjacency matrices for amino acids, obtained from a superposition of labeled amino ...
Lindskov Krog P - - 2012
Pridopidine is being developed for the treatment of impaired motor function associated with Huntington's disease and belongs to a new class of compounds known as dopidines, which act as dopaminergic stabilizers. In vitro studies have shown that pridopidine is a substrate for the P450 cytochrome 2D6 enzyme (CYP2D6), and clinical ...
Scheike T - - 2012
Granular superconductivity in powders of small graphite grains (several tens of micrometers) is demonstrated after treatment with pure water. The temperature, magnetic field and time dependence of the magnetic moment of the treated graphite powder provides evidence for the existence of superconducting vortices with some similarities to high-temperature granular superconducting ...
Goksedef B Pinar Cilesiz - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of endocervical curettage (ECC) and endocervical brushing (EB) in patients referred for colposcopic evaluation for low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized, comparative trial was conducted in an Education and Research Hospital, Gynecologic Oncology Clinic. After exclusion of 40 subjects, ...
Florou Dimitra - - 2012
Gastric cancer constitutes one of the most common neoplasms globally. Kallikrein-related peptidases have attracted interest as potential tumor markers and future targets for novel cancer therapeutics. We have recently reported KLK13 clinical importance as a favorable prognostic biomarker for gastric cancer patients' survival. By aiming to explore how the molecular ...
Davey Maureen P - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this 2-year pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a culturally adapted family intervention in improving family communication among African American parents coping with cancer and their school-age children. A secondary objective was to determine its impact on other symptoms of psychosocial distress (depression ...
Freedman Rachel A - - 2012
Although younger women with breast cancer have the most to gain from receipt of optimal care, few data are available regarding their receipt of locoregional breast cancer treatments. We identified 317,596 women aged 18-64 who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer at hospitals reporting to the National Cancer Database, a ...
Tug Tuncer - - 2012
In this study, octreotide (OCT), a synthetic somatostatin analog, was tested for its beneficial effects in the prevention of interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) induced by bleomycin (BLM) in rats by histological examination and by evaluating tissue OH-proline levels. Thirty male Wistar rats were divided randomly into three groups: group I: ...
Trenk D - - 2012
Dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel is the accepted standard for prevention of ischemic complications after percutaneous coronary intervention and has been shown to reduce cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACSs). There is substantial interindividual variability in antiplatelet response to clopidogrel. Various clinical studies have demonstrated ...
Elfagieh Mohamed - - 2012
Results from studies on efficacy of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen 15.3 (CA 15.3) and thymidine kinase (TK1) as diagnostic and prognostic tools for primary breast cancer (BC) have presented conflicting results, and usefulness of these markers for clinical use in BC remains unclear. The aim of this study is ...
Fukata Naoki - - 2012
Core-shell nanowires (NWs) composed of silicon (Si) and germanium (Ge) are key structures for realizing high mobility transistor channels, since the site-selective doping and band-offset in core-shell NWs separate the carrier transport region from the impurity doped region, resulting in the suppression of impurity scattering. Four different types of Si/Ge ...
Pawłowski Rafał - - 2012
Although von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor gene alterations dominate the genetic landscape of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), recent studies have identified new ccRCC genes, including SETD2, KDM6A, KDM5C, BAP1, and PBRM1. Strikingly, all these genes fall into a category of histone/chromatin regulators. Polybromo-1 (PBRM1) is the second most ...
Safan Muntaser - - 2012
The aim of this paper is to study the impact of introducing a partially protective vaccine on the dynamics of infection in SIRS models where primary and secondary infections are distinguished. We investigate whether a public health strategy based solely on vaccinating a proportion of newborns can lead to an ...
Lengler Imme - - 2012
Furan fatty acids (furan-FA) are oxidative products of conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) and may therefore be ingested when CLA-containing food or food-additives are consumed. Due to the presence of a furan ring structure the question arises whether furan-FA may have toxic properties on enterocytes and liver cells. Here we show ...
Carrondo Manuel J T - - 2012
This report highlights the potential of measurement, monitoring, modeling and control (M(3) C) methodologies in animal and human cell culture technology. In particular, state-of-the-art of M(3) C technologies and their industrial relevance of existing technology are addressed. It is a summary of an expert panel discussion between biotechnologists and biochemical ...
Fiehler Jens - - 2012
Based on current data and experience, the joint working group of the European Society of Minimally Invasive Neurological Therapy (ESMINT) and the European Society of Neuroradiology (ESNR) make suggestions on trial design and conduct aimed to investigate therapeutic effects of mechanical thrombectomy (MT). We anticipate that this roadmap will facilitate ...
Nozaki Mari - - 2012
This study examined the link between sibling relationships and children's social adjustment by comparing twin siblings and siblings with different ages (singleton siblings), and clarified the role of reciprocity in sibling relationships on children's social development. Mothers of 58 monozygotic twin pairs, 48 dizygotic twin pairs, and 86 singleton sibling ...
Chen Zhongfang - - 2012
C(60) does not have "superaromatic" or even aromatic character, but is a spherically π antiaromatic and enormously strained species. This explains its very large and positive heat of formation (610 ± 30 kcal mol(-1)). The π electron character of C(60) was analyzed by dissected nucleus independent chemical shifts (NICS). The ...
Haigh Matthew - - 2012
Indicative conditionals of the form if p then q (e.g., if student tuition fees rise, then applications for university places will fall) invite consideration of a hypothetical event (e.g., tuition fees rising) and of one of its possible consequences (e.g., applications falling). Since a rise in tuition fees is an ...
Kim Song Yee - - 2012
The development of clinically relevant biomarkers is important for diagnosing latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and active tuberculosis (TB) and predicting their prognoses. This study examined whether the responses of multiple cytokines can be used as a biomarker to distinguish the TB infection status and mycobacterial load. We analyzed the responses ...
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