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Maeda Masazumi - - 2012
More than a century has passed since the first tracheoplasty was successfully performed by Eiselsberg in 1896. In that time, tracheobronchoplasty has developed with the extension of operative indications. This review focuses on who contributed to the development of this operation in Japan, and in what ways, with comparisons to ...
Lange Kathrin M - - 2012
Its importance for life and its unusual properties keep water within the focus of ongoing research; this focus especially applies to water in the liquid phase. Scientists agree that the hydrogen-bond network, which is formed by interactions between the water molecules, is key for understanding the anomalies of water. However, ...
Guo Song - - 2012
Research on predictors of treatment outcome among pathological gamblers (PGs) is inconclusive and dominated by studies from Western countries. Using a prospective longitudinal design, the current study examined demographic, clinical, behavioural and treatment programme predictors of gambling frequency at 3, 6 and 12-months, among PGs treated at an addiction clinic ...
Zwiech Rafał - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The significant number of complications in kidney graft recipients can not be easily explained. The paper assesses whether poor oral health increases the risk of acute rejections and hospitalizations in kidney allograft recipients. Materials and methods. Ninety-one kidney transplant recipients were divided into three sub-groups according to post-transplant ...
Martín-Rodero A - - 2012
We analyze the spectral density of a single level quantum dot coupled to superconducting leads focusing on the Andreev states appearing within the superconducting gap. We use two complementary approaches: the numerical renormalization group and the Hartree-Fock approximation. Our results show the existence of up to four bound states within ...
Shimizu Masahito - - 2012
Obesity and related metabolic abnormalities, including a state of chronic inflammation, increase the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Adipose tissue constitutively expresses the proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), which are important tumor promoters in inflammation-related carcinogenesis. Dysregulation of TNF-α and IL-6 is associated with the development ...
McKay Jennifer L - - 2012
Mercury (Hg) adversely affects the health and behavior of exposed wildlife; however, behavioral effects remain largely unknown. Changes in avian singing behavior may affect a male's fitness because song reveals male quality and thus influences female mate choice and male territory-holding ability. Nelson's sparrows (Ammodramus nelsoni) live exclusively on salt ...
Sørbye Liv W - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 Hip fracture and urinary incontinence - use of indwelling catheter postsurgery Background:  Norway has a higher incidence of hip fractures than any other country. For older individuals, a hip fracture may cause dramatic changes in health status like incontinence and daily activities. Patients with hip ...
Radtke Finn M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Systematic monitoring of sedation, pain and delirium in the ICU is of paramount importance in delivering adequate patient care. While the use of systematic monitoring instruments is widely agreed upon, these tools are infrequently implemented into daily ICU care. The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness ...
de Ávila Erica Dorigatti - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Patients with dentofacial deformities present difficulties at work and in social adaptation. At the same time, they often appear depressed, and as a consequence, the psychosocial aspects of surgery play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects that depression causes in the quality ...
Adalberto Paulo Roberto - - 2012
Polygalacturonases (EC 3.2.1.15) hydrolyze the α-1,4-glycosidic linkages in polygalacturonic acid chains. The interest on specific inhibitors of pectinase and the versatility of magnetic support for enzyme immobilization endorsed the preparation of an immobilized enzyme reactor (IMER). This work presents the synthesis of CoFe(2)O(4) amino-derivatives, which was employed as the support ...
Norhammar A - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in both men and women. This is also true for patients with diabetes. In general, differences between the sexes are present in several areas, such as epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnostics, treatment response and prognosis, as well as the way in which disease is ...
Joiner Danese M - - 2012
Bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) are a source of osteoblast precursors that can be recruited during bone remodeling or injury, both important processes in aging populations. With advancing age, alterations in bone structure and mineralization are often associated with an increase in osteoporosis and fracture risk. Changes in the number ...
Angeli C - - 2012
Study design:Case report.Objectives:To describe a case of chronic use of oral baclofen in a patient with spinal cord injury limiting lower extremity movements.Setting:Frazier Rehab Institute, Louisville, Kentucky and University of Louisville.Report:A 24-year-old male with a C5 AIS-B spinal cord injury received a neurophysiological examination pre and post cessation of the ...
Evrard Estérine - - 2012
Physiological and genetic responses of age 0+ Platichthys flesus were investigated in the eutrophicated and moderately contaminated Vilaine estuary, during a 6-month survey. The main objective of this study was to explore the biological responses of fishes during their juvenile period in an estuarine system in order to detect a ...
Vermeij Mark J A - - 2012
The mechanisms by which algae disperse across space on coral reefs are poorly known. We investigated the ability of four common Caribbean herbivorous fish species to disperse viable algal fragments through consumption of macroalgae and subsequent defecation. Fragments of all major algal taxa (Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta, and Chlorophyta) were found in ...
Virgilio Antonella - - 2012
Several anti-HIV aptamers adopt DNA quadruplex structures. Among these, "Hotoda's aptamer" (base sequence TGGGAG) was one of the first to be discovered. Although it has been the topic of some recent research, no detailed structural investigations have been reported. Here we report structural investigations on this aptamer and analogues with ...
Callander Denton - - 2012
Racialised language is a salient and contested aspect of contemporary sexual cultures, particularly in the online domain. This paper explores the ways in which gay men in Australia employ race-related language when using online sex/dating websites. Using inductive content analysis, descriptive categories were developed to identify recurrent patterns in the ...
Jiang Hong-Min - - 2012
Based on an effective two-orbital tight-binding model, we examine the possible superconducting states in iron-vacancy-ordered A(y)Fe(2-x)Se(2). In the presence of ordered vacancies and blocked antiferromagnetic order, it is shown that the emergent SC pairing is the nodeless next-nearest-neighbor (NNN)-pairing due to the dominant antiferromagnetic (AFM) interaction between the inter-block NNN ...
Jiang Han - - 2012
A novel protein scaffold based on the cystine knot domain of the agouti-related protein (AgRP) has been used to engineer mutants that can bind to the α(v)β(3) integrin receptor with high affinity and specificity. In the current study, an (18)F-labeled AgRP mutant (7C) was prepared and evaluated as a positron ...
Stubbing Louise A - - 2012
First described in the late 1960s, N-alkylsulfonylimines are heterocumulenes that participate in reactions with a range of 1,3-dipoles to afford interesting 3-, 4-, 5-, and 6-membered heterocycles. The distribution of adducts obtained suggests that multistage, stepwise mechanistic pathways rather than a concerted process are in operation.
Ullah S - - 2012
Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) has allowed the realization of ubiquitous tracking and monitoring of physical objects wirelessly with minimum human interactions. It plays a key role in a wide range of applications including asset tracking, contactless payment, access control, transportation and logistics, and other industrial applications. On the other side, ...
Buldak Lukasz - - 2012
Objective: Concerns regarding worsening insulin sensitivity associated with statin treatment have recently emerged. Therefore the aim of this study was to assess and compare the effects of 90-day monotherapies with fenofibrate and atorvastatin, as well as combined therapy, on fasting plasma glucose, insulin resistance index, adipokines (leptin, resistin, adiponectin) and ...
Lech-Maranda Ewa - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-10 are cytokines involved in the balance between cell-mediated and humoral immunity. We investigated whether serum TNF-α and IL-10 levels have any impact on clinical outcome of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). TNF-α and IL-10 levels were determined in the serum of 160 ...
Beena - - 2012
A library of unsymmetrical cyclohexane-1,2-diamine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv in vitro. Out of the 46 compounds synthesized, eight compounds (11h, 13a, 13e, 13f, 14a, 14c, 14d, and 15d) were found to be active at or below 6.25 µM concentration, with negligible toxicity to ...
Jeya Marimuthu - - 2012
BPKS from Botrytis cinerea is a novel type III polyketide synthase that accepts C(4)-C(18) aliphatic acyl-CoAs and benzoyl-CoA as the starters to form pyrones, resorcylic acids and resorcinols through sequential condensation with malonyl-CoA. The catalytic efficiency (k(cat)/K(m)) of BPKS was 2.8 × 10(5) s(-1) M(-1) for palmitoyl-CoA, the highest ever ...
Van Sickels Joseph E - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: While closure of an anterior open bite with a mandibular procedure may predispose a surgical case to instability, there are instances where this type of treatment planning is indicated. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this paper, the authors review the advantages and disadvantages of this approach and present three cases ...
Moody Laura A - - 2012
ARABIDILLO proteins regulate multicellular root development in Arabidopsis thaliana. Conserved ARABIDILLO homologues are present throughout land plants, even in early-evolving plants that do not possess complex root architecture, suggesting that ARABIDILLO genes have additional functions. Here, we have cloned and characterised ARABIDILLO gene homologues from two early-evolving land plants, the ...
Scherwath Angela - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Owing to its neurotoxicity, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) carries risks for cognitive impairment. In this multicenter study, we prospectively evaluated cognitive functioning and its medical and demographic correlates in patients undergoing allogeneic HSCT. METHODS: A total of 102 patients were consecutively assessed prior to (T(0) ), 100 ± 20 days ...
Vystavna Y - - 2012
The research focuses on the monitoring of trace metals and pharmaceuticals as potential anthropogenic indicators of industrial and urban influences on surface water. This study includes analysis of tracers use for the indication of water pollution events and discussion of the detection method of these chemicals. The following criteria were ...
Marcellin Patrick - - 2012
Objective: This analysis examines the safety profile of standard- versus high-dose peginterferon alfa-2a. Methods: Data were pooled from five trials including HCV genotype 1- or 4-infected naive and treatment-experienced patients (n = 2,940). Patients were randomized to receive peginterferon alfa-2a at 180 μg/week (standard-dose; n = 1,672) or 360 μg/week ...
Wang Rui-Feng - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia-epigastric pain syndrome (FD-EPS) is characterized pathophysiologically by visceral hypersensitivity, but the effect of the temperature stimulation on gastric function has been seldom studied. AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of liquid nutrients at different temperatures on the gastric accommodation, sensitivity, and gastric-wall ...
Wilkinson Anna - - 2012
To recognize that a picture is a representation of a real-life object is a cognitively demanding task. It requires an organism to mentally represent the concrete object (the picture) and abstract its relation to the item that it represents. This form of representational insight has been shown in a small ...
Kanazawa Keisuke - - 2012
Abstract Objective. There is no comparative study of electronic radial endoscopic ultrasonography (ER-EUS) and electronic curvilinear EUS (EC-EUS). The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of ER-EUS and EC-EUS for detecting pancreatic malignancies. Methods. This was a retrospective review of the patients who had EUS assessment from ...
Ericsson Hans - - 2012
Objectives: AZD1656 is a novel glucokinase activator with a postulated dual mechanism of action by activating glucokinase in both the pancreas and the liver, and with the potential to deliver effective glucose-lowering in Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Here, we present the tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of AZD1656 in two single-blind, ...
Gachard N - - 2013
To clarify the relationships between marginal zone lymphomas (MZLs) and Waldenström macroglobulinemia/lymphoplasmacytic lymphomas (WM/LPLs), immunoglobulin heavy chain variable gene (IGHV) features were analyzed and the occurrence of MYD88 L265P mutations was identified in a series of 123 patients: 53 MZLs from the spleen (SMZLs), 11 from lymph nodes (NMZLs), 28 ...
Chen Xiao - - 2012
Marine methane bubbles are absorbed, steadily stored and continuously transported based on the employment of superhydrophobic sponges. antiwetting sponges are water-repellent in the atmosphere and absorb gas bubbles under water. Their capacity to store methane bubbles increases with enhanced submerged depth. Significantly, trapped methane bubbles can be continuously transported driven ...
Erk Thomas - - 2012
SCOPE: Until now, the question of how the ingested doses of chlorogenic acids (CGA) from coffee influence their absorption and metabolism remains unresolved. To assess absorption in the small intestine, we performed a dose-response study with a randomized, double-blinded, crossover design with ileostomist subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: After a polyphenol-free ...
Meier Juris J - - 2012
In healthy humans, the incretin glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) is secreted after eating and lowers glucose concentrations by augmenting insulin secretion and suppressing glucagon release. Additional effects of GLP-1 include retardation of gastric emptying, suppression of appetite and, potentially, inhibition of β-cell apoptosis. Native GLP-1 is degraded within ∼2-3 min ...
Manso-Díaz G - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: Noncontrast magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is widely used in human and small animal medicine. However, this technique has not yet been described in the horse, and compared to other angiographic techniques MRA could be more cost efficient and potentially safer. Objectives: The aim of this study ...
Lin Chunjing - - 2012
KEY MESSAGE : We show for the first time that intraspecific crossing may impact mobility of the prominent endogenous retrotransposon Tos17 under tissue culture conditions in rice. Tos17, an endogenous copia retrotransposon of rice, is transpositionally active in tissue culture. To study whether there exists fundamental genotypic difference in the ...
Plani Natascha - - 2012
Purpose Many patients who have suffered traumatic injuries require mechanical ventilation (MV). Weaning is the transition from ventilatory support to spontaneous breathing. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of a nurse and a physiotherapist-driven protocol to wean and extubate patients from MV resulted in decreased ...
Fujimoto Yukinobu - - 2012
It has been considered since the first discovery of a high-T(c) cuprate that an antiferromagnetic (AF) state and a superconducting (SC) state are separated in it. However, it is very intriguing that the coexistence of the AF and SC states has recently been observed in HgBa(2)Ca(4)Cu(5)O(12+) (Hg-1245). Moreover, it is ...
Beamer Edward - - 2012
We investigated the anticonvulsant and neurobiological effects of a highly selective neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) inhibitor, N (w) -propyl-l-arginine (L-NPA), on kainic acid (KA)-induced status epilepticus (SE) and early epileptogenesis in C57BL/6J mice. SE was induced with 20 mg/kg KA (i.p.) and seizures terminated after 2 h with diazepam (10 mg/kg, i.p). L-NPA ...
Liu Dan - - 2012
One-end-connected short poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) side chains were facilely introduced into the poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAm) nanocomposite hydrogel (NC gel) via in situ copolymerization of NIPAm monomer and PEG macromonomer in the aqueous suspension of hectorite clay Laponite XLS. The NC gels were characterized with Fourier transform infrared and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy ...
Vieth Joshua A - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine if receptor localization into lipid rafts, or the lipid rafts themselves, are important for FcγRIIa effector functions. MATERIAL: Wild-type FcγRIIa or mutant FcγRIIa(C208A) that does not translocate to lipid rafts were transfected into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells which have been shown to be reliable cells for ...
Gold C - - 2012
Gold C, Erkkilä J, Crawford MJ. Shifting effects in randomised controlled trials of complex interventions: a new kind of performance bias? Objective:  Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) aim to provide unbiased estimates of treatment effects. However, the process of implementing trial procedures may have an impact on the performance of complex ...
Ramsook Ryan R - - 2012
Low back pain is a common condition that is encountered by both primary care physicians as well as various specialists, which include: orthopedic surgeons, physical medicine and rehabilitation specialists, neurologists, rheumatologists, and pain management specialists. Associated muscular pain is very common and often a reactive response from nociception from other ...
Davis Wendy M - - 2012
Web-based sexual-health promotion efforts often utilise reverse discourse - the acknowledgement and rejection of shame associated with stigmatised terms - both to challenge judgments about 'risky' behaviours (e.g., casual sex) and to appeal to young people. This study examines the use of reverse discourse in Internet-based sexual-health promotion and analyses ...
Smith-Spangler Crystal - - 2012
The health benefits of organic foods are unclear. To review evidence comparing the health effects of organic and conventional foods. MEDLINE (January 1966 to May 2011), EMBASE, CAB Direct, Agricola, TOXNET, Cochrane Library (January 1966 to May 2009), and bibliographies of retrieved articles. English-language reports of comparisons of organically and ...
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