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Kawayama Tomotaka - - 2012
Dear Editor: We appreciate the thoughtful comments of Dr Yohannes regarding our article. In our study(1) , we showed that 12 of 14 COPD patients diagnosed with depression had comorbid sleep disorders, while only 2 of these 14 (14%) COPD patients did not have sleep disorders. Exacerbations and hospitalizations were ...
Takahashi Satoshi - - 2012
We report on a patient with LGG, in whom NBS mapping confirmed relocation of the primary motor cortex (M1) concurrent with multistage surgery. Comparing the NBS results at 18 months with the initial results revealed that the M1 representation had shifted from the precentral to the postcentral gyrus. The patient underwent ...
Leblanc Gabriel - - 2012
Tuning the Fermi energy of silicon through doping leads to alignment of silicon bands with the redox active sites of photosystem I. Integrating photosystem I films with p-doped silicon results in the highest reported photocurrent enhancement for a biohybrid electrode based on photosystem I.
Gamboni Sarah E - - 2012
Gallic acid esters or gallates are antioxidants used as preservatives in food and cosmetics. Few cases of gallates causing allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) have been reported in the literature. We present a case report of a 42-year-old beauty therapist who presented with a swollen tongue. Patch testing was positive to ...
de Ville de Goyet Jean - - 2012
de Ville de Goyet J, Lo Zupone C, Grimaldi C, D'Ambrosio G, Candusso M, Torre G, Monti L. Meso-Rex bypass as an alternative technique for portal vein reconstruction at or after liver transplantation in children: Review and perspectives. Abstract:  Direct portal revascularization can be achieved by interposing a vascular graft ...
Reinebrant Hanna E - - 2012
Neuronal injury is a key feature of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury. However, the mechanisms underpinning neuronal losses, such as in the brainstem, are poorly understood. One possibility is that disrupted neural connections between the cortex and brainstem may compromise the survival of neuronal cell bodies in the brainstem. We ...
Trevisani M - - 2012
Ca(9)Lu(PO(4))(7):Ce (3+) and Ca (9)Lu (PO (4))(7):Pr (3+) polycrystalline materials were synthesized by solid state reaction at high temperature. The materials were characterized by powder x-ray diffraction (XRPD). The luminescence spectroscopy and the excited state dynamics of these compounds were investigated upon excitation with UV/VUV synchrotron radiation. Both materials showed ...
Kumar Rahul - - 2012
1-(4-Biphenyl)benzimidazolium based dipodal system acts as a highly selective fluorescent chemosensor for determination of perchlorate ions in aqueous buffer and in drinking water at concentrations lower than that permissible by EPA. (1)H NMR titration studies, Job's plot, X-ray crystal structure and theoretical studies reveal cavity based recognition.
Manassero Carlos A - - 2012
The effects of the essential oil of mandarin peel (Corrientes, Argentina) and limonene (its major component) were studied on two human tumour cell lines growth (lung adenocarcinoma A549 and hepatocarcinoma HepG2). The essential oil was obtained by cold press and its composition was investigated by gas chromatography (GC) and GC/mass ...
Zetterqvist J - - 2012
Zetterqvist J, Asherson P, Halldner L, Långström N, Larsson H. Stimulant and non-stimulant attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder drug use: total population study of trends and discontinuation patterns 2006-2009. Objective:  To explore the prevalence and discontinuation of dispensed medications for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) drugs from 2006 to 2009. Method:  A total ...
Mariniello Giuseppe - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To define from a series of surgically treated suprasellar, anterior clinoid, and sphenoid wing meningiomas, an unequivocal criterion for performing optic canal deroofing in patients with basal meningiomas with deteriorated vision. METHODS: One hundred-fifty consecutive patients with suprasellar and parasellar meningiomas (44 tuberculum sellae, 46 clinoidal, and 60 spheno-orbital) ...
Pawar D - - 2012
PURPOSE: This randomised, placebo-controlled single-blind trial investigated the safety and efficacy of SAMITAL®, a formulation of highly standardised botanical extracts, in the treatment of chemo/radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with head and neck cancer. METHODS: Patients received SAMITAL® or placebo four times daily for up to 50 days during scheduled ...
Mateo S - - 2012
Study design:Descriptive control case study.Objectives:To analyze the kinematics of tenodesis grasp in participants with C6 quadriplegia and healthy control participants in a pointing task and two daily life tasks involving a whole hand grip (apple) or a lateral grip (floppy disk).Setting:France.Methods:Four complete participants with C6 quadriplegia were age matched with ...
Ke Xu - - 2012
Reclamation of municipal secondary effluent for non-potable purposes is considered vital in alleviating the demand for existing limited water supplies while helping to protect remaining water sources from being polluted. In recent decades, reverse osmosis and nanofiltration membrane technologies have become increasingly attractive for reclamation of municipal secondary effluent because ...
Hardy Britta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The glucose regulated heat shock protein 78 (GRP78) is a central regulator of ER (endoplasmic reticulum) stress due to its pro-survival property. Up regulated GRP78 expression in tumor cells has been correlated with aggressive malignancies whereas some reports have predicted an improved prognosis. Over-expression of GRP78 in the ER ...
Akiyama Haruhiko - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA), a polished tapered femoral stem with a design based on the taper-slip concept enables extremely reliable and durable fixation. In contrast, cemented femoral stems made from titanium alloys are not favored because of reports describing insufficient clinical outcomes. However, we have reported excellent ...
Khalili Hossein - - 2012
CASES: Three patients were admitted to the Imam Hospital, Tehran, Iran with a diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis. The patients had indications for valve replacement surgery and anticoagulant therapy. The administration of cloxacillin reduced the effect of warfarin, and subsequent increases in warfarin doses were unable to overcome this effect. CONCLUSION: ...
Sadeghinezhad J - - 2012
Most investigations related to the characterisation of the enteric nervous system (ENS) are pivoted on the intestine of small rodents, but few studies are available on the ENS of wild or 'unconventional' rodents. Anti-PGP 9.5 and anti-Hu antibodies were utilised to recognise the distribution pattern of neuronal cell bodies and ...
Zhou Yanbing - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prognostic value and staging accuracy of the metastatic lymph node ratio (rN) staging system for gastric cancer. METHODS: A total of 1,075 patients with gastric cancer who underwent curative surgery between 2000 and 2009 at our institute were analyzed. Lymph node status was assigned according to ...
Kraut Jeffrey A - - 2012
Acute metabolic acidosis is associated with increased morbidity and mortality because of its depressive effects on cardiovascular function, facilitation of cardiac arrhythmias, stimulation of inflammation, suppression of the immune response, and other adverse effects. Appropriate evaluation of acute metabolic acidosis includes assessment of acid-base parameters, including pH, partial pressure of ...
Nachappa Punya - - 2012
The potato/tomato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli (Šulc) is an economically important crop pest that not only causes damage through its feeding but also transmits the bacterium, "Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum" (CLs), which causes zebra chip disease in potato. There is some information about the phenotypic effects of phytopathogenic bacteria on their insect ...
Al Mohajer Mayar - - 2012
Staphylococcus aureus bacteriuria is a common condition with still largely undetermined clinical relevance. Although S. aureus bacteriuria can be secondary to bacteremia and systemic infection in some patients, it may predispose to bacteremia and invasive disease in others. Whereas most patients with S. aureus bacteriuria do not have symptomatic urinary ...
Said David - - 2012
PURPOSE: To identify variables associated with common mental disorders in an Australian university population. METHODS: We invited all Australia-based students from a large public university (N = 24,209) to participate in a web-based student mental health survey. Outcome measures included the patient health questionnaire depression, anxiety, and eating disorders modules, and the ...
Cheung Yiu-Fai - - 2012
Heart failure is a major health problem in developed countries and a growing one in developing countries. Cardiac remodeling in heart failure affects myocardial mechanics, which requires comprehensive evaluation in three dimensions. The novel technique of 3D wall motion tracking applies speckle tracking technology to full volume, 3D echocardiographic datasets. ...
Sun Bo - - 2012
A process for human influenza H1N1 virus vaccine production from Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells using a novel packed-bed bioreactor is described in this report. The mini-bioreactor was used to study the relationship between cell density and glucose consumption rate and to optimize the infection parameters of the influenza H1N1 ...
Luta Xhyljeta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To examine the experiences of Kosovo-Serbs who seek healthcare in the formal Kosovo health system. METHODS: Eleven semi-structured interviews were carried out with Kosovo-Serbs who live in one of the following mono-ethnic enclaves: Gorazhdevc/GoraĹždevac, Videje/Vidanje, Klinë/Klina and Viti/Vitina. A phenomenological approach was used to collect and analyze data. RESULTS: ...
Hejazi Vahid - - 2012
An oil droplet in water can be in the Cassie state (with water and/or air trapped between the solid and oil) with a high contact angle (top left) or in the Wenzel state (top right). Depending on the roughness of the brass substrate, both states with high (bottom left) and ...
De Flora Silvio - - 2012
Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) has important consequences on gene and protein expression since a single miRNA targets a number of genes simultaneously. This article provides a review of published data and ongoing studies regarding the effects of cigarette smoke (CS), either mainstream (MCS) or environmental (ECS), on the expression of ...
Sellner J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a frequent complication of central nervous system (CNS) infections. Post-infectious epilepsy is commonly refractory to medical treatment and plays a pivotal role for the poor long-term outcome of CNS infections. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of clinical characteristics and risk factors of seizures associated with ...
Zhang Wei - - 2012
Recent data have demonstrated the importance of IL-18 in the induction and perpetuation of chronic inflammation in experimental arthritis. The aim of the present study was to elucidate whether IL-18 has any indirect effects on osteoclastogenesis by regulating the production of molecules from fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ...
Weinmann Tobias - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Despite its popularity, Skype has not been tested as a tool for epidemiologic research. We examined its feasibility in Germany. METHODS: A population-based sample of young adults was randomly invited to a Skype (n = 150) or a phone interview (n = 150). Response and duration of interviews were analysed to evaluate the ...
McAnaw Amelia - - 2012
Replacing a boron vertex in a [B(n)H(n)](2-) cluster with a smaller atom, e.g. carbon, results in the distance from that atom to the polyhedral centroid being shorter. This forms the basis of a simple but very effective method of distinguishing between B and C atoms in (hetero)carboranes that have been ...
Baumgartner J - - 2012
Background:Many countries in the nutrition transition have high rates of iron deficiency (ID) and overweight (OW). ID is more common in OW children; this may be due to adiposity-related inflammation reducing iron absorption.Objective:We investigated whether weight status predicts response to oral iron supplementation in ID South African children.Design:A placebo-controlled trial ...
Rahimzadeh Nahid - - 2012
Rahimzadeh N, Otukesh H, Hoseini R, Sorkhi H, Otukesh M, Hoseini S, Torkzaban M. Are serum and urine NGAL predictive of renal graft function in short term? Abstract:  NGAL is a member of the lipocalin protein family that has diverse function but similar structure. The functions of NGAL are not ...
Lu Yiming - - 2012
Mammalian bicistronic mRNA is a recently discovered mammalian gene structure. Several reported cases of mammalian bicistronic mRNA indicated that genes of this structure play roles in some important biological processes. However, a genome-wide computational identification of bicistronic mRNA in mammalian genome, such as human genome, is still lacking. Here we ...
Imaura Masahura - - 2012
Objective: Alterations in distribution volume affect the concentrations of hydrophilic drugs in plasma and tissues at the time of initial therapy. When the distribution volume of hydrophilic antimicrobials is increased in critically ill patients with a serious infection, antimicrobial concentrations are reduced, which may adversely affect the efficacy of antimicrobial ...
Hakulinen Christian - - 2012
The serotonin system has been shown to be involved in the regulation of hostility, anger, and aggressive behavior. Previous molecular genetic studies suggest that the serotonin receptor 1B (HTR1B) rs6296 genotype might have a particular role in these types of behaviors. We examined whether HTR1B is related to hostility, anger, ...
Teng Man - - 2012
Since the first Chinese case report of Japanese encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) has circulated in China for at least 60 years. Even though pigs play a critical role in the JEV transmission cycle information on the prevalence of JEV in pigs has not been investigated in China. As the central ...
Krzton-Maziopa A - - 2012
We report on a new iron selenide superconductor with a T(c) onset of 45 K and the nominal composition Li(x)(C(5)H(5)N)(y)Fe(2-z)Se(2), synthesized via intercalation of dissolved alkaline metal in anhydrous pyridine at room temperature. This superconductor exhibits a broad transition, reaching zero resistance at 10 K. Magnetization measurements reveal a superconducting shielding fraction ...
Serdiuk T - - 2012
The application of nanostructured luminescent silicon nitride (SiN(X)) thin films for label-free cell imaging is reported for the first time. Different strong local fields ensured by various molecules concentrated in various cell compartments can lead to the creation of preferential electronic conditions for radiative recombination of photogenerated charge carriers via ...
Iijima Kazutoshi - - 2012
We previously identified zinc finger (ZF) protein ZNF385B as a molecule specifically expressed in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) among hematologic malignancies. Here we investigated ZNF385B expression in healthy B cells in a variety of hematological tissues by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. ZNF385B expression was found to be limited to a subset of ...
Mertaniemi Henrikki - - 2012
When water droplets impact each other while traveling on a superhydrophobic surface, we demonstrate that they are able to rebound like billiard balls. We present elementary Boolean logic operations and a flip-flop memory based on these rebounding water droplet collisions. Furthermore, bouncing or coalescence can be easily controlled by process ...
McDowell Matthew T - - 2012
In situ transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is used to study the electrochemical lithiation of high-capacity crystalline Si nanoparticles for use in Li-ion battery anodes. The lithiation reaction slows down as it progresses into the particle interior, and analysis suggests that this behavior is due not to diffusion limitation but instead ...
Jiang Xiaobing - - 2012
The expression of efflux pump gene lde in ciprofloxacin resistant (Cip(R) ) and susceptible strains of L. monocytogenes collected from retail food samples was investigated. For the two Cip(R) strains the MICs of ciprofloxacin decreased four- to eightfold in the presence of reserpine, however no significant alteration was observed in ...
Brown Michael F - - 2012
Bumblebees were exposed to a discrimination procedure in which reinforcement was contingent on choice of one of two spatial locations. The correct choice depended on whether a stimulus display contained two identical stimuli or two different stimuli. Some bees were trained with color stimuli and tested with line grating stimuli ...
Andrews William J - - 2012
IQGAPs are cytoskeletal scaffolding proteins which collect information from a variety of signalling pathways and pass it on to the microfilaments and microtubules. There is a well-characterised interaction between IQGAP and calmodulin through a series of IQ-motifs towards the middle of the primary sequence. However, it has been shown previously ...
Pemberton Barry C - - 2012
Cucurbiturils are a family of molecular container compounds with superior molecular recognition properties. The use of cucurbiturils for supramolecular catalysis is highlighted in this concept. Both photochemical reactions as well as thermal transformations are reviewed with an eye towards tailoring substrates for supramolecular catalysis mediated by cucurbiturils.
Streja Leanne - - 2012
We report on the results of a low-intensity behavioral intervention to reduce second hand smoke (SHS) exposure of children with asthma from low income minority households in Los Angeles, California. In this study, 242 child/adult dyads were randomized to a behavioral intervention (video, workbook, minimal counseling) or control condition (brochure). ...
Garala Kanai - - 2012
An audit identifying all surgical bone donors over a 10 year period was conducted. Postcodes were used to link data from the index of multiple deprivation (IMD) 2007 to give each donor a deprivation score. An audit from 2000 to 2010 of primary total hip replacement (THR) patients was also conducted, ...
Shahnawaz Z - - 2012
Shahnawaz Z, Reppermund S, Brodaty H, Crawford JD, Draper B, Trollor JN, Sachdev PS. Prevalence and characteristics of depression in mild cognitive impairment: the Sydney memory and ageing study. Objective:  Depression might be a risk factor for dementia. However, little is known about the prevalence of depressive symptoms in mild ...
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