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Palumbo Carla C Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche, Sezione di Morfologia umana, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy. - - 2012
Tendon lesions induce muscular atrophy, the nature of which has not yet been clearly related to lesion etiology and entity. In the present study, tendon and muscle alterations were assessed after experimental tendon lesion of the Infraspinatus muscle in young rats. The consequences of lesions differed on the basis of ...
Salway Sarah - - 2012
Aim To determine whether an intervention designed to enhance research capacity among commissioners in the area of ethnicity and health was feasible and impactful, and to identify programme elements that might usefully be replicated elsewhere. BACKGROUND: How healthcare commissioners should be equipped to understand and address multiethnic needs has received ...
Richards Anne F - - 2012
A cationic, pentanuclear aluminium phosphonate cage, [L(4)Al(5)Cl(6)(THF)(6)]Cl, , supported by (phthalimidomethyl) phosphonate, (L), has been synthesized and characterized. This polynuclear cage features the phosphonate ligand in an unusual coordination mode, supporting five aluminium atoms in two different environments. In comparison, the aqueous reaction of LH(2) with In(ClO(4))(3) afforded [{(LH)In(H(2)O)}(H(2)O)(2)(ClO(4))](n), , ...
Yuasa Kei - - 2012
An mRNA-specific reverse transcription (RT)-PCR primer set spanning the exon junction of a spliced putative terminase gene in the koi herpesvirus (KHV) was developed to detect the replicating stage of the virus. The proposed RT-PCR amplified a target gene from the RNA template, but not from a DNA template extracted ...
Martin Alissa - - 2012
Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) represents a major cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatrics. With contemporary chemotherapy, >85% of patients with newly diagnosed ALL survive. Unfortunately, 20% of these patients will relapse and for these children, outcomes remain poor despite our best known chemotherapy protocols. Most of these children ...
Butland Barbara K - - 2012
AIMS: To investigate trends in volatile substance abuse (VSA) deaths over 25 years DESIGN: A national mortality surveillance programme with standardised data collection procedures. SETTING: The United Kingdom and Islands. PARTICIPANTS/MEASUREMENTS: All VSA deaths, 1983-2007 FINDINGS: In the five quinquennia from 1983 to 2007 the numbers of VSA deaths were ...
Borkar Prashant - - 2012
Novel synergistic effects between Lewis and Brønsted acids in Prins cyclization are reported. Non-reactive Lewis acids and non-reactive Brønsted acids, which failed to perform Prins cyclization when used alone, have shown remarkable synergistic effects when used in combination to perform the reaction successfully.
Shalom Guy - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to evaluate long term morbidity of patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was conducted, including women who gave birth between the years of 1988 to 1998, and had a follow-up until December 2009. Data were extracted by ...
Pornprasert Sakorn - - 2012
The incidence of Hb Paksé (codon 142, TAA>TAT, α2) might have been underestimated due to misidentifying some cases as Hb Constant Spring (Hb CS, codon 142, TAA>CAA, α2) since both abnormal hemoglobins (Hbs) migrate to the same position on Hb electrophoresis or chromatography. Multiplex asymmetric allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) ...
Munk Marc-David - - 2012
Introduction Few emergency medical services (EMS) interventions in New Mexico have been assessed for efficacy, potential harm, or potential benefit. There is concern that many interventions added over the years may be outdated, harmful, or ineffective in the EMS setting. A formal process for reviewing the state EMS scope of ...
Fu Ying - - 2012
A general procedure for the nucleophilic addition of organozinc halides with nitrones in the presence of trimethylsilyl chloride has been developed. Trimethylsilyl chloride was found to be both an indispensable reaction promoter and a ready hydroxylamine protective agent in these reactions. The produced O-(trimethylsilyl)hydroxylamines can be easily reduced into corresponding ...
Rurangirwa Jacqueline - - 2012
Abstract We analyzed HIV surveillance data on white, black, and Latino males diagnosed with HIV between 2000 and 2004 in Los Angeles County (LAC) to identify associations between individual- and community-level factors and late HIV detection by race/ethnicity. We defined late HIV detection as an AIDS diagnosis within 6 months ...
Paynter S - - 2012
SUMMARY Few studies have formally examined the relationship between meteorological factors and the incidence of child pneumonia in the tropics, despite the fact that most child pneumonia deaths occur there. We examined the association between four meteorological exposures (rainy days, sunshine, relative humidity, temperature) and the incidence of clinical pneumonia ...
Carracedo Arkaitz A Cancer Genetics Program, Beth Israel Deaconess Cancer Center, Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02215, - - 2012
Cancer cells exhibit an aberrant metabolism that facilitates more efficient production of biomass and hence tumor growth and progression. However, the genetic cues modulating this metabolic switch remain largely undetermined. We identified a metabolic function for the promyelocytic leukemia (PML) gene, uncovering an unexpected role for this bona fide tumor ...
Corvaglia Luigi - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To compare the efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) and exchange transfusion (EXT) on Rhesus haemolytic disease of the newborn (Rh-HDN) and evaluate treatment-related side effects. Methods: Retrospective chart review of two cohorts of newborns with Rh-HDN, treated with (Group 2) or without (Group 1) IVIg. Length of phototherapy, ...
Serra V - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Serra V, Perales A, Meseguer J, Parrilla J, Lara C, Bellver J, Grifol R, Alcover I, Sala M, Martínez-Escoriza J, Pellicer A. Increased doses of vaginal progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth in twin pregnancies: a randomised controlled double-blind multicentre trial. BJOG 2012; DOI: ...
Fischnaller Stefanie - - 2012
The vinegar flies Drosophila subobscura and D. obscura frequently serve as study organisms for evolutionary biology. Their high morphological similarity renders traditional species determination difficult, especially when living specimens for setting up laboratory populations need to be identified. Here we test the usefulness of cuticular chemical profiles collected via the ...
Kurita Keiko K Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089-1061, - - 2013
For many patients with lung cancer, disease progression occurs without notice or with vague symptoms, and unfortunately, most treatments are not curative. Given this unpredictability, we hypothesized the following: (1) poorer psychological adjustment (specifically, more depressive symptoms, higher perceptions of stress, and poorer emotional well-being) would be associated with higher ...
Sivalingam Murugan - - 2012
Sleep disorders are common in hemodialysis patients, although causes and consequences remain unclear. We sought to establish prevalence, determinants, and outcomes of sleep disturbances in patients receiving incremental dialysis. One hundred two unselected patients undergoing incremental high-flux hemodialysis or hemodiafiltration underwent limited overnight sleep study. Large subsets underwent echocardiography, interdialytic ...
Applerot Guy - - 2012
To date, there is still a lack of definite knowledge regarding the interaction of CuO nanoparticles with bacteria and the possible permeation of the nanoparticles into bacterial cells. This study was aimed at shedding light on the size-dependent (from the microscale down to the small nanoscale) antibacterial activity of CuO. ...
Zhang X - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Zhang X, Kramer M. The rise in singleton preterm births in the USA: the impact of labour induction. BJOG 2012; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2012.03453.x. Objective  To assess the extent to which increased rates of labour induction and caesarean section have contributed to the recent rise in preterm ...
Koenig David W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The ideal gentle cleansing product is one that effectively removes soils while minimizing damage to the skin. Thus, measuring physical abrasion caused by cleansing tissues is critical to the continued development of gentle cleansing products. Current analysis of cleansing materials for skin gentleness is time consuming and requires expensive ...
Hemmrich Karsten - - 2012
Adipose tissue engineering aims to grow fat tissue for soft tissue reconstruction after tumour resection or trauma. However, insufficient progenitor cell differentiation and poor vascularization compromise the generation of clinically applicable adipose tissue. The desired process of neo-adipogenesis seems to be difficult to mimic, even though it takes place in ...
Sandler Netanya G - - 2012
Systemic immune activation is increased in HIV-infected individuals, even in the setting of virus suppression with antiretroviral therapy. Although numerous factors may contribute, microbial products have recently emerged as potential drivers of this immune activation. In this Review, we describe the intestinal damage that occurs in HIV infection, the evidence ...
Chang Wen-Chih - - 2012
Single crystalline Sn doped In(2)O(3) (ITO) NWs (nanowires) were synthesized via an Au-catalyzed VLS (vapor-liquid-solid) method at 600 °C. The different sizes (∼20, ∼40, ∼80 nm) of the Au NPs (nanoparticles) provided the controllable diameters for ITO NWs during growth. Phase and microstructures confirmed by high-resolution transmission electron microscope images ...
Maligres Peter Emmanuel - - 2012
A stable adduct of CuI with Bu4NI, soluble in organic solvents has been identified as an effective catalyst for copper-catalyzed C-N and C-O couplings. In addition, stable non-hygroscopic salts of some high performance ligands (diamine MsOH salts and copper(II) diketonates) were shown to be of similar and sometimes greater reactivity ...
Rivera-Luna Roberto - - 2012
Prior to 2005, 51% percent of children in Mexico diagnosed with cancer received no standardized optimal multidisciplinary medical care. A government-subsidized national cancer treatment program was therefore created for these patients and a National Cooperative Childhood Cancer Treatment Group was consequently formed for these patients. Pediatric patients with a proven ...
Zhao Zhen - - 2012
UVRAG is a promoter of the autophagy pathway, and its deficiency may fuel the development of cancers. Intriguingly, our recent study has demonstrated that this protein also mediates the repair of damaged DNA and patrols centrosome stability, mechanisms that commonly prevent cancer progression, in a manner independent of its role ...
Estensoro Itziar - - 2012
The effect of a practical plant protein-based diet containing vegetable oils (VO) as the major lipid source on the mucosal carbohydrate pattern of the intestine was studied in gilthead sea bream Sparus aurata challenged with the myxosporean parasite Enteromyxum leei. Fish fed for 9 mo either a fish oil (FO) ...
Alashek Wiam A - - 2012
Maintenance dialysis is associated with reduced survival when compared with the general population. In Libya, information about outcomes on dialysis is scarce. This study, therefore, aimed to provide the first comprehensive analysis of survival in Libyan dialysis patients. This prospective multicenter study included all patients in Libya who had been ...
Grant Steven - - 2012
The growth and survival of tumor cells can depend upon the expression of a single oncogene, and therapeutically targeting this oncogene addiction has already proven to be an effective approach in fighting cancer. However, it is also clear that cancer cells can adapt and become resistant to therapy through compensatory ...
Fukagawa Hirohiko - - 2012
Highly efficient and stable, red phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are demonstrated using platinum complexes. The host/dopant combination is a crucial factor in obtaining high efficiency and stability. The OLEDs exhibit a maximum external quantum efficiency of about 20% and an expected half-life of about 10 000 h with an ...
Osadebe L U - - 2012
This study explores the characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in swine and their human handlers in a convenience sample of 35 farms in Connecticut. Husbandry practices are clearly different from better-known concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) with less intensive rearing conditions. Nasal samples were collected from 263 pigs and nine ...
Coleman Kristina A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis compared the efficacy and safety of desvenlafaxine and venlafaxine at the Australian approved doses. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted to identify all placebo-controlled studies of desvenlafaxine and venlafaxine in the treatment of major depression. The pivotal outcome measure used to assess comparative efficacy was the ...
Harris P - - 2012
SUMMARY The aims of this study were to define the basic epidemiology of serologically confirmed acute Q fever in patients tested via the Townsville Hospital laboratory from 2000 to 2010 and to determine the impact of geographical location and seasonality on the incidence of acute cases in the Townsville region. ...
Tkáč Ivan - - 2012
Pharmacogenetic studies revealed that variants in genes related to the pharmacokinetics of metformin were associated with glucose-lowering effect of metformin. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible associations of the variants in genes encoding organic cationic transporters (SLC22A1, SLC22A2 and SLC47A1) with response to metformin in type ...
Belfki Hanen H Laboratory of Epidemiology and Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Faculty of Medicine, 15 rue Djebel Akdhar-La Rabta-1007 Bab Saâdoun, Tunis, - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components and to evaluate the relationship between this diagnosis and cardiovascular risk factors, demographic and socio-economic variables. A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire including information on sociodemographic and CVD risk factors. Blood pressure, anthropometric indices, fasting glucose and lipid profile ...
Styers Mary Koenig - - 2012
Previous research has examined how adults respond to negative self-evaluations, but has not explored developmental differences in this process. This cross-sectional study investigated linkages between the inclusion of internal states language in narrative accounts of problems in important self-categories and reports of coping responses and troubling thoughts. There were a ...
Chua Horng-Ruey - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: The results showed that the MFBIA-derived TBW change has the best agreement with acute clinical volume change during hemodialysis compared to ECV or ICV change alone in ESRD patients during hemodialysis, but not good assess the nutritional status. ABSTRACT: Objective:  To determine the precision of multi-frequency ...
Wu Yelena P - - 2012
To cite this article: Wu YP, Franciosi JP, Rothenberg ME, Hommel KA. Behavioral feeding problems and parenting stress in eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders in children. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: Background:  Children with eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGID) and their families are asked to adhere to dietary restrictions which can present ...
Shrivastava Aakash - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The current study prospectively examines the intra-uterine hypothesis by comparing maternal, paternal and grandparental lineage influences on children's diet and also maternal-child aggregation patterns during pregnancy and early childhood. DESIGN: Prenatal dietary information was available for expectant mothers, fathers and up to four grandparents through a detailed validated semi-quantitative ...
Liu Yanqiu - - 2012
Osteoporotic bones have reduced spongy bone mass, altered bone architecture, and increased marrow fat. Bone marrow stem cells from osteoporotic patients are more likely to differentiate into adipocytes than control cells, suggesting that adipocyte differentiation may play a role in osteoporosis. VEGF is highly expressed in osteoblastic precursor cells and ...
Sayfo Sameh - - 2012
Abstract  Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) complicates acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in less than 0.2% of cases and is usually surgically managed by endocardial patch repair with infarct exclusion. Although successful in 80% of cases, failure of patch repair (often because of patch dehiscence) results in attempts at percutaneous closure as ...
Yang Ke - - 2012
A novel route to prepare core-shell structured nanocomposites with excellent dielectric performance is reported. This approach involves the grafting of polystyrene (PS) from the surface of BaTiO(3) by an in situ RAFT polymerization. The core-shell structured PS/BaTiO(3) nanocomposites not only show significantly increased dielectric constant and very low dielectric loss, ...
Keel Pamela K PK Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA. - - 2013
Proposed DSM-5 severity dimensions reveal ambiguity regarding the extent to which certain features define boundaries between similar diagnoses or represent underlying dimensions within a broader category of bulimic syndromes. The current study utilized a novel mixed modeling approach that can simultaneously model latent dimensions and latent categories to address this ...
Shah Swarup A SA Research Laboratories, P. D. Hinduja National Hospital & Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, - - 2012
Thrombomodulin (TM), a natural anticoagulant have been implicated in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD) thus emphasizing its potential role as a biomarker. To investigate the role of the TM genetic variants and soluble TM (sTM) plasma levels in Indian population with CAD. This case-control study involved genotyping of ...
Hall Jean P - - 2012
Objectives: To inform policy with better information about the oral health-care needs of a Medicaid population that engages in employment, that is, people ages 16 to 64 with Social Security-determined disabilities enrolled in a Medicaid Buy-In program. Methods: Statistically test for significant differences among responses to a Medicaid Buy-In program ...
Sachar Ashneet - - 2012
An in-depth understanding of the interactions between cells and three-dimensional (3D) matrices (scaffolds) is pivotal to the development of novel biomaterials for tissue regeneration. However, it remains a challenge to find suitable biomimetic substrates and tools to observe cell-material and cell-cell interactions on 3D matrices. In the present study, we ...
Dumay Anne - - 2012
TP53 is mutated in approximately 30% of breast cancers, but this frequency fluctuates widely between subclasses. We investigated the p53 mutation status in 572 breast tumors, classified into luminal, basal and molecular apocrine subgroups. As expected, the lowest mutation frequency was observed in luminal (26%), and the highest in basal ...
Godde Kanya - - 2012
A growing body of research is demonstrating increased accuracy in aging from a relatively new method, transition analysis. Although transition analysis was developed for paleodemographic research, a majority of subsequent studies have been in the forensic arena, with very little work in bioarchaeological contexts. Using the Suchey-Brooks pubic symphysis phases, ...
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