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Results 201 - 250 of 1883
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Nagakannan Pandian - - 2012
Abstract NMDA antagonists and GABA agonists are proven protective in various animal models of ischemic brain damage. Tramadol, a centrally acting opioid analgesic reportedly possesses NMDA antagonistic and GABA agonistic properties, with additional ion channel blocking activity. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible neuroprotective effect ...
Virta Pasi - - 2012
Esterified precursors of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA; 18) and 1,4,7-triazacyclononane-1,4,7-trisacetic acid (NOTA; 17,19) ligands bearing a dimethoxytritylated hydroxyl side arm were prepared and immobilized via an ester linkage to long chain alkyl amine derivatized controlled pore glass (LCAA-CPG). Oligonucleotide chains were then assembled on the hydroxyl function and conjugates were released ...
Hu Chun-Yan - - 2012
Studies on the role of insulin and insulin receptor (InsR) in the process of skeletal fluorosis, especially in osteogenic function, are rare. We evaluated the effect of increasing F(-) doses on the marker of bone formation, serum insulin level and pancreatic secretion changes in vivo and mRNA expression of InsR ...
Mendoza Manuel Mikery - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to reappraise the efficacy of redo-Kasai (or revision) in the era of liver transplantation as a treatment option in those patients with recurrent jaundice after initially successful Kasai procedure. METHODS: We studied ten patients that received redo-Kasai, among a total of 102 patients diagnosed with ...
Kumar Vinay - - 2012
Anthocyanins and flavan-3-ols are distributed widely in plants and synthesized by a common biosynthetic pathway. Anthocyanin reductase (ANR) represents branching-point enzyme of this pathway converting anthocyanidins to flavan-3-ols. Since tea contains highest amount of flavonoids, a cDNA encoding anthocyanin reductase from tea (CsANR) was overexpressed in transgenic tobacco to check ...
Bentley-Hewitt Kerry L - - 2012
The intestinal mucosa is constantly exposed to a variety of microbial species including commensals and pathogens, the latter leaving the host susceptible to infection. Antimicrobial peptides (AMP) are an important part of the first line of defense at mucosal surfaces. Human β-defensins (HBD) are AMP expressed by colonic epithelial cells, ...
Gokey Trevor - - 2012
Replacing the catalytic serine in trypsin with threonine (S195T variant) leads to a nearly complete loss of catalytic activity, which can be partially restored by eliminating the C42-C58 disulfide bond. The 0.69 μs of combined explicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) simulations revealed continuous rearrangement of T195 with different conformational preferences ...
Quintana Mildred - - 2012
Graphene is considered a promising material for a range of new applications from flexible electronics to functional nanodevices, such as biosensors or intelligent coatings. Therefore researchers need to develop protocols for the mass production of graphene. One possible method is the exfoliation of graphite to form stable dispersions in organic ...
Wiklund Martin - - 2012
In this tutorial review in the thematic series "Acoustofluidics", we discuss the implementation and practice of optical microscopy in acoustofluidic micro-devices. Examples are given from imaging of acoustophoretic manipulation of particles and cells in microfluidic channels, but most of the discussion is applicable to imaging in any lab-on-a-chip device. The ...
Calvillo Dustin P - - 2012
One component of hindsight bias is memory distortion: Individuals' recollections of their predictions are biased towards known outcomes. The present study examined the role of working memory in the memory distortion component of hindsight bias. Participants answered almanac-like questions, completed a measure of working memory capacity, were provided with the ...
Aksenov Alexander A - - 2012
Correlation between compensation voltage (CV) and the m/z ratio of singly-charged ions was elucidated. The experimental data for various alkylammonium homologues and various pharmaceutical compounds were used to construct empirical calibration curves that were fit using commercial regression analysis software packages. The best fit equations were applied to calculate the ...
Schmidt Karmen - - 2012
Prior investigations suggest that birth order position may be associated with the risk for developing a pervasive developmental disorder. This retrospective chart review examined the birth order status of 29 psychiatrically-referred patients with Asperger's Syndrome (AS). Eighty-six percent of the subjects were first born. The finding was statistically significant when ...
Tadeo G - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to compare the integration of two types of prostheses (high and low density, written as HD and LD, respectively) implanted around the stoma to reinforce the abdominal wall to prevent parastomal eventration. The surgical technique used for preperitoneal placement of the prostheses is ...
Schnidrig Silvia - - 2012
Our understanding of regional filling of the lung and regional ventilation distribution is based on studies using stepwise inhalation of radiolabelled tracer gases, magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography. We aimed to investigate whether these differences in ventilation distribution at different end-expiratory levels (EELs) and tidal volumes (V (T)s) ...
Rehfeldt Charlotte - - 2012
AIM: To investigate the effects of a high-protein/low-carbohydrate diet fed to mice of different genotypes during pregnancy and/or lactation on offspring skeletal muscle growth and metabolism. METHODS: Pregnant mice from strains selected for high body mass (DU6) or endurance running performance (DUhLB) and from an unselected control strain (DUK) were ...
Bekraoui Nabyl - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare the oxygen uptake of various on-court tennis drills. Eleven tennis players were monitored with a portable metabolic device to measure oxygen uptake of 6 different tennis drills at low and high speeds. The 6 drills were done with or without striking the ...
Orki O - - 2012
Caterpillars are soft-bodied animals. They have a relatively simple nervous system, and yet are capable of exhibiting complex movement. This paper presents a 2D caterpillar simulation which mimics caterpillar locomotion using Assur tensegrity structures. Tensegrity structures are structures composed of a set of elements always under compression and a set ...
Rincón Diego - - 2012
Abstract Background and aim. Hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is the main predictor of clinical decompensation in cirrhotic patients with compensated disease of any etiology without varices. However, the predictive factors of decompensation are not so well known in patients with hepatitis C-related compensated cirrhosis, in whom etiology-based therapy is ...
Brient Céline - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Pancreatectomies increase the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) and pancreatic insufficiency. Pancreatic enucleation preserves pancreatic parenchyma, lowers the risk of pancreatic insufficiency, but may induce specific complications (tumor recurrence or pancreatic fistulization). The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors for POPF following a pancreatic ...
Asad Sedigheh - - 2012
Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) is an important heme-containing glyco-enzyme that has been used in many biotechnological fields. Valuable proteins like HRP can be obtained in sufficient amounts using Escherichia coli as an expression system. However, frequently, the expression of recombinant enzyme results in inclusion bodies, and the refolding yield is generally ...
Wu Y - - 2012
Myogenic differentiation 1 (MyoD1) genes belong to the MyoD gene family and play key roles in growth and muscle development. This study was designed to investigate the effects of variants in the MyoD1 gene on duck growth and carcass traits. Three duck populations (Cherry Valley, Jingjiang, and Muscovy) were sampled, ...
Beheshtian Javad - - 2012
Chemical functionalization of a zigzag carbon nanotube (CNT) with 1, 3-cyclohexadiene (CHD), previously reported by experimentalists, has been investigated in the present study using density functional theory in terms of energetic, geometric, and electronic properties. Then, the thermodynamic and kinetic feasibility of H(2) dissociation on the pristine and functionalized CNTs ...
Derderian Christopher A - - 2012
Posterior vault expansion using distraction osteogenesis has become a vital instrument in our institution, particularly as a first-line treatment in syndromic craniosynostosis. In this review, we highlight the several advantages, diverse utility, and technicalities of the operative procedure. A review of the literature and explanation of the technical details of ...
Marchán Vicente - - 2012
Conjugates of a dicarba analogue of octreotide, a potent somatostatin agonist whose receptors are overexpressed on tumor cells, with [PtCl2(dap)] (dap = 1-(carboxylic acid)-1,2-diaminoethane) (3), [(η6-bip)Os(4-CO2-pico)Cl] (bip = biphenyl, pico = picolinate) (4), [(η6-p-cym)RuCl(dap)]+ (p-cym = p-cymene) (5), and [(η6-p-cym)RuCl(imidazole-CO2H)(PPh3)]+ (6), were synthesized by using a solid-phase approach. Conjugates 3-5 ...
Girard-Dias Wendell - - 2012
The structural organization of Trypanosoma cruzi has been intensely investigated by different microscopy techniques. At the electron microscopy level, bi-dimensional analysis of thin sections of chemically fixed cells has been one of the most commonly used techniques, despite the known potential of generating artifacts during chemical fixation and the subsequent ...
Szulc P - - 2012
In older men, severe abdominal aortic calcification and vertebral fracture (both assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry) were positively associated after adjustment for confounders including bone mineral density. INTRODUCTION: Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) is associated with higher fracture risk, independently of low bone mineral density (BMD). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) can ...
Coll Guillaume - - 2012
Though the craniovertebral junction is often abnormal in children with Crouzon's syndrome, no study had measured accurately the size of their foramen magnum (FM). We compared the FM size (area, diameters) on computed tomography examination in 21 children with a genetically confirmed Crouzon's syndrome prior to any surgery and in ...
Bang Jiwon - - 2012
We report photoluminescence (PL) modulation of quantum dots (QDs) by photoinduced electron transfers from acridine-1,8-dione derivative surface ligands. Reversible PL switching upon many repeated cycles was demonstrated, as alternating on and off of the UV excitation for the surface ligand has successfully resulted in the QD PL modulation.
Vinet Aurélie - - 2012
In mammals, litter size is a highly variable trait. Some species such as humans or cattle are monotocous, with one or sometimes two newborns per birth, whereas others, the polytocous species such as mice or pigs, are highly prolific and often produce a dozen newborns at each farrowing. In monotocous ...
Meklat Atika - - 2012
A halophilic actinomycete strain designated H19(T), was isolated from a Saharan soil in the Bamendil region (Ouargla province, South Algeria) and was characterized taxonomically by using a polyphasic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics of the strain were consistent with those of members of the genus Actinopolyspora, and 16S rRNA ...
Matushita Hamilton - - 2012
The main purposes of this manuscript are to provide an overview of various modalities of surgical correction of anterior plagiocephaly and to emphasize their differences with the classic open frontal-orbital advancement. Advancement of technology provides development of many other ways to achieve the same results. The authors describe the classic ...
Shi Yan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Blockage of nerve growth factor (NGF) by anti-NGF antibodies can inhibit allergic airway hyper-responsiveness in mice. This study was aimed at determining the mechanisms underlying the action of anti-NGF in vivo. METHODS: BALB/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) and treated with anti-NGF. At 1 day after the last ...
Barde Laxmikant N - - 2012
Applications of molecularly imprinted polymer (MIPs), is rapidly increasing, especially in the drug delivery field. Molecularly imprinted polymers are the molecular traps, which can entrap the specific molecule and also control its release. Polymer complexes were prepared with and without propranolol HCl as templates, MAA (methacrylic acid) as monomer and ...
Garcia-Garcia David - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) may have normal cognition, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or dementia. We investigated differences in cerebral metabolism associated with these three cognitive states and the relationship between metabolism and cognitive dysfunction. METHODS: FDG PET and a battery of neuropsychological tests were used to study PD ...
Bokatial L - - 2012
The Er(3+) codoped with CdS nanoparticles in sol-gel glass with an average particle size of about 10 nm have been synthesized by sol-gel method. The green and red up-conversion emissions centered at about 534, 560 and 680 nm, corresponding to the (2)H(11/2)→(4)I(15/2), (4)S(3/2)→(4)I(15/2) and (4)F(9/2)→(4)I(15/2) transitions of Er(3+), respectively; were detected by ...
He Yan - - 2012
Reported here is the design and fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) "overpass" microstructures at the junction of crossed microfluidic channels by femtosecond laser direct writing of photopolymers. The post-integrated overpass could be used for guiding different microfluids across the junction without mixing; therefore it is proposed as an enabler for achieving ...
Pedicelli A - - 2012
PURPOSE: The authors evaluated the usefulness of three-dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) in surgical planning and postoperative evaluation of cerebral aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 111 consecutive aneurysms in 100 patients (32 emergency referrals due to haemorrhage) were evaluated with 3DRA over a period of 3 years. The rotational ...
Ichiyanagi Osamu - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to assess stone-free rates following extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) of pure calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones in the proximal ureter. Material and methods. The investigators retrospectively examined 53 patients with 5-10 mm pure CaOx stones in the proximal ureter from the medical archives ...
Buschmann Claas - - 2012
Emergency medicine measures often have to be carried out under suboptimal conditions in emergency situations and require invasive patient treatment. In the case of a fatal outcome these measures have to be evaluated at autopsy, regarding indications, correct implementation and possible complications. As well, alongside the more familiar procedures-such as ...
Mortenson Patricia - - 2012
As the incidence of deformational plagiocephaly (DP) has risen, so has the demand on clinicians to make appropriate treatment recommendations. While knowledge of risk factors and natural history continue to evolve, there is uncertainty and controversy regarding intervention approaches. The purpose of this report is to review current treatment approaches ...
Ding George X - - 2012
Small megavoltage (MV) photon fields of dimensions less than 3 × 3 cm(2) are increasingly being used in modern radiation therapy. To our knowledge, small beam characteristics and dosimetric parameters, such as the energy spectra, particle fluence, and water-to-air stopping-power ratios (SPRs) directly affect the accuracy of small field dosimetry. This study presents the ...
Massimi Luca - - 2012
Several techniques are currently available for the surgical correction of sagittal craniosynostosis. The most recently introduced ones have been specifically designed to perform a mini-invasive approach in order to reduce the postoperative morbidity. Herein, the surgical steps of a personal, mini-invasive technique used to decrease the impact of the surgical ...
Mousavi S J - - 2012
Between other parameters, cell migration is partially guided by the mechanical properties of its substrate. Although many experimental works have been developed to understand the effect of substrate mechanical properties on cell migration, accurate 3D cell locomotion models have not been presented yet. In this paper, we present a novel ...
Di Rocco Federico - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Nonsynostotic posterior plagiocephaly has become the most common skull deformation since pediatricians have suggested the supine position for the newborns to reduce the risk of sudden death. Prevention of such a "positional" deformation or its management once it has occurred is mainly based on physical maneuvers such as physiotherapy ...
Abramov Yoram - - 2012
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Reconstructive pelvic surgery outcome is closely related to the vaginal and pelvic wound healing processes. Transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) is a principal mediator of wound repair in dermal tissue. We sought to assess this factor's expression in vaginal and dermal surgical wound repair in the ...
Long Yi - - 2012
In order to improve the selectivity of 5-N-methyl quindoline (cryptolepine) derivatives as telomeric quadruplex binding ligands versus duplex DNA, a series of peptidyl-benzofuroquinoline (P-BFQ) conjugates (2a-2n) were designed and synthesized. Their interactions with telomeric quadruplex and duplex DNA were examined by using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) melting assay, ...
Vaněk Jakub - - 2012
Lanthanide(III) complexes of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid (H(3)DO3A) are suggested as sensors for sensitive luminescence-based determination of a carbonate anion. Thermodynamic study of association of [Eu(H(2)O)(2)(DO3A)] with bidentate anionic ligands using luminescence spectroscopy reveals an affinity order CO (3) (2-) > oxalate(2-) > picolinate(-) > phthalate(2-) ≈ citrate(3-); presumably as a consequence ...
Kalra Ricky - - 2012
Asymmetrical cranial vaults resulting from external forces on an infant's head can be caused by abnormal sutural development (synostotic plagiocephaly) or abnormal external forces acting on an intrinsically normal, developing cranium (deformational plagiocephaly). The incidence of posterior plagiocephaly has increased dramatically since the initiation of the "Back to Sleep" campaign ...
Marmotti A - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) efficacy in accelerating bone regeneration following opening-wedge high tibial valgus osteotomy for genu varum. METHODS: A phase II trial was conducted for evaluating the preoperative administration of G-CSF given at 10 μg/kg/day for 3 consecutive days with an additional half-dose 4 h before the opening-wedge ...
Zhang Jun - - 2012
We have found a Tf(2)O-mediated intramolecular cyclization reaction and have revealed an intriguing stereoselectivity and a regioselectivity during the preparation of intermediate alcohols, which allow for the tailor-made synthesis of various backbone-substituted imidazolinium salts, and structurally specific syn-4,5-disubstituted imidazolinium salts.
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