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Chatterjee Avik P - - 2012
A heuristic approach based upon excluded volume arguments is developed for modelling the distribution of pore sizes in isotropic networks of randomly distributed cylindrical fibres. Our formalism accounts for the finite hard core diameters of the fibres, and leads to compact, analytically tractable expressions that span the complete range of ...
Kikuchi Kentaro - - 2012
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is known to be associated with the development of lymphomas in immunocompromised patients. Recently, age-related immune impairment has been recognized as a predisposing factor in the development of EBV-driven lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) in elderly patients without any known immunodeficiency or prior lymphoma. In approximately 70 % of reported ...
Willis Rosalind - - 2012
Britain is experiencing the ageing of a large number of minority ethnic groups for the first time in its history, due to the post-war migration of people from the Caribbean and the Indian subcontinent. Stereotypes about a high level of provision of informal caregiving among minority ethnic groups are common ...
Rodríguez A - - 2012
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Proinflammatory and proapoptotic cytokines such as TNF-α are upregulated in human obesity. We evaluated the association between ghrelin isoforms (acylated and desacyl ghrelin) and TNF-α in obesity and obesity-associated type 2 diabetes, as well as the potential role of ghrelin in the control of apoptosis and autophagy in human ...
Pahatouridis Dimitrios - - 2012
Various surgical treatments have been proposed for the treatment of chronic subdural haematoma (CSDH). Herewith, we set out to compare the efficacy of an enlarged single burr hole versus double burr hole drainage for the treatment of CSDH. We studied patients with symptomatic CSDH proven by CT scan that were ...
Nesseler Nicolas - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pulse oximetry (SpO(2)) measured at finger site via transmission mode may fail in situations of hypoperfusion. Forehead sensors using reflectance technology might be useful in these circumstances. We hypothesized that reflectance SpO(2) would be more accurate than finger SpO(2) in patients with severe shock. METHODS: A prospective observational study ...
Coelho Graça Didia - - 2012
A mass spectrometry-based assay combining the specificity of selected reaction monitoring and the protein ion activation capabilities of electron transfer dissociation was developed and employed for the rapid identification of hemoglobin variants from whole blood without previous proteolytic cleavage. The analysis was performed in a robust ion trap mass spectrometer ...
Cao Yuanyuan - - 2012
Most of the ionic liquids (ILs) are hygroscopic in air. The effects of structural factors of ILs (cation, anion, alkyl chain length at cation, and C2 methylation at cation) and external factors (temperature, relative humidity, and impurity) on the kinetics of water sorption by 18 ILs were investigated. A modified ...
Power Sarah - - 2012
PURPOSE: Radiologically inserted gastrostomy (RIG) is an established way of maintaining enteral nutrition in patients who cannot maintain nutrition orally. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of primary placement of a wide bore button gastrostomy in a large, varied patient population through retrospective review. ...
Yang Limin - - 2012
We developed and evaluated a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay for detecting Duck hepatitis A virus type 1 (DHAV-1). The amplification could be finished in 1 h under isothermal conditions at 63 °C by employing a set of four primers targeting the 2C gene of DHAV-1. The RT-LAMP assay showed ...
Song Lei - - 2012
Fluorescence sensing of enantiomers is a much needed yet very challenging task due to nearly identical chemical and physical properties of the chiral isomers also known as chiral equivalence. In this study, we propose a novel strategy for fluorescence sensing of enantiomers using chiral nanoparticles and their ability to form ...
Travis Anne C - - 2012
With increasing age, the incidence of both benign and malignant gastrointestinal (GI) disease rises. Endoscopic procedures are commonly performed in elderly and very elderly patients to diagnose and treat GI disorders. There are a number of issues to contemplate when considering performing an endoscopic procedure in an elderly patient, including ...
Dos Santos Vanessa Cristina Gonçalves - - 2012
In this work a procedure for mercury determination by Flow Injection-Cold Vapor Generation-Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (FI-CVG-ICP OES) has been developed. The system uses a small homemade glass separator constructed to drive the Hg vapor to the plasma. An evolutionary operation factorial design was used to evaluate the ...
Cao Wei - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the influence of transcatheter arterial infusion with heated saline on hepatic arterial and portal venous blood flows to tumor and normal hepatic tissues in a rabbit VX2 tumor model. METHODS: All animal experiments were approved by the institutional animal care and use committee. Twenty rabbits with ...
Kumar Jerald Mahesh - - 2012
We developed and characterized an estrogen-responsive and ER-positive murine breast cancer cell line (MAC51) from a spontaneous breast cancer animal model. These cells are overexpressed with K8, K18 and K19 proteins in an immunofluoresence assay. Upregulation of ER alpha was observed in the immunofluoresence assay, real-time PCR analysis and western ...
Xu Xin Long - - 2012
CdS nanoribbons with various cross sections offer the opportunity to deeply understand the interaction between optical cavity and spontaneous emission. Herein, long tapered nanoribbons with the cross sections gradually changing were synthesized by a simple physical vapour deposition method. Morphology dependent micro-region photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy is employed to show Purcell ...
Moran L J - - 2012
Background:Ensuring adequate dietary intake during pregnancy has important implications for optimising maternal and fetal health. It is not known whether diet quality is altered over pregnancy and the post-partum period.Objective:The aim of this study was to perform a comprehensive assessment of diet quality in overweight and obese women during pregnancy ...
Oresmaa Larisa - - 2012
Carbon monoxide has been found to possess various beneficial effects in living organisms. To study the effects of CO further and to develop potential pharmaceutical agents, a meaningful method for delivering CO to the target organ is needed. It has been found that under physiological conditions various metal carbonyl complexes ...
Schirwitz Christopher - - 2012
The intent to solve biological and biomedical questions in high-throughput led to an immense interest in microarray technologies. Nowadays, DNA microarrays are routinely used to screen for oligonucleotide interactions within a large variety of potential interaction partners. To study interactions on the protein level with the same efficiency, protein and ...
Zhou Caihong - - 2012
An inverse opal photonic crystal sensor that could specifically detect chloramphenicol (CAP) in a label-free way was introduced in the current research. A colloidal crystal template was first prepared from monodisperse SiO(2) nanospheres. Precursors with different compositions were infused into the void spaces of the respective templates and aggregated. The ...
Wang Jun - - 2012
Geniposide, an iridoid glycoside isolated from Gardenia, has neuroprotective activities against oxidative stress and inflammation. The present study investigated the in vivo protective effect of geniposide on ischemia/reperfusion-injured rats by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), and the inhibitory effects of geniposide and mechanisms against activation of microglial cells by oxygen-glucose ...
Carta Anna R - - 2012
A dysregulated response of the neuroimmune system is a main contributor to the progression of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent findings suggest that protracted activating stimuli including α-synuclein, drive microglia to acquire maladaptive functions and to assume a harmful phenotype that prevail over a restorative one. Based on this ...
Coelho-E-Silva Manuel J - - 2012
Abstract Characteristics of 32 international and 41 local under-17 (U-17) (14.5-16.5 years) roller hockey players were considered in the context of discrimination by competitive level using training history, anthropometry, skeletal maturation, and several laboratory and field performance tests. More international (42%) than local (22%) players were advanced in maturity status. ...
Anselmo Henrique M R - - 2012
In marine organisms the multi xenobiotic resistance (MXR) mechanism via e.g. P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) is an important first line of defense against contaminants by pumping contaminants out of the cells. If compounds would impair the MXR mechanism, this could result in increased intracellular levels of other ...
Pihlakoski Leena - - 2012
In a prospective population-based study, mothers and fathers of 1,247 children reported their physical and mental health during pregnancy, after delivery, within the child's first 18 months of life, and at 12 years. Additionally, maternal health clinic nurses rated parents' well-being and perceived need for support. At age 12, child outcomes were ...
Cañellas Pablo - - 2012
In this manuscript we report the synthesis and X-ray characterization of several complexes of Cu(ii) with a 2-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-pyrimidine (L) ligand. Complexes CuLCl(2) (), [CuL(2)(H(2)O)(2)](NO(3))(2) () and [CuL(2)H(2)O](NO(3))(2) () are mononuclear systems and [CuL(NO(3))(2)](n) () is polymeric. In the solid state, complexes and are characterized by the presence of anion-π interactions ...
Frost Elisabeth H - - 2012
The proboscis extension reflex (PER) is widely used in a classical conditioning (Pavlovian) context to evaluate learning and memory of a variety of insect species. The literature is particularly prodigious for honeybees (Apis mellifera) with more than a thousand publications. Imagination appears to be the only limit to the types ...
Guruharsha K G - - 2012
Notch signalling links the fate of one cell to that of an immediate neighbour and consequently controls differentiation, proliferation and apoptotic events in multiple metazoan tissues. Perturbations in this pathway activity have been linked to several human genetic disorders and cancers. Recent genome-scale studies in Drosophila melanogaster have revealed an ...
Liu Yong - - 2012
PURPOSE: Our study assesses the relationships between self-reported adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) (including sexual, physical, or verbal abuse, along with household dysfunction including parental separation or divorce, domestic violence, mental illness, substance abuse, or incarcerated household member) and unemployment status in five US states in 2009. METHODS: We examined these ...
Agarwal Shipra - - 2012
PURPOSE: Papillary glioneuronal tumors (PGNT) have been recently included as a distinct entity in the WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system. Their molecular pathogenesis is not clear. In the current study, we present the morphological, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of four cases of PGNT reported over the ...
Deng Jingyu - - 2012
Many issues of middle-third gastric cancer need to be address for obtaining preferably clinical treatment. The objective of this retrospective study was to analyze clinicopathologic characteristics and results of surgery for 113 middle-third gastric cancer patients admitted to our hospital. Retrospective cohort analyses of clinicopathologic data and postoperative prognosis of ...
Rutjes Anne W S - - 2012
Viscosupplementation, the intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid, is widely used for symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. To assess the benefits and risks of viscosupplementation for adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. MEDLINE (1966 to January 2012), EMBASE (1980 to January 2012), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (1970 to January 2012), and ...
Desimone Christopher V - - 2012
A quarter of patients with implanted cardiac devices have a patent foramen ovale (PFO). Thrombus is frequently noted on intravascular leads that in the presence of a PFO could result in cerebral vascular embolic events. However, whether this mechanism of stroke occurs is not clearly known. We report three patients ...
Xu Xudong - - 2012
In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotection of simvastatin in PC12 cells following 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) neurotoxicity. Simvastatin inhibited the decrease of cell viability induced by MPP+ in PC12 cells. The damage of PC12 cells in morphology was alleviated and the apoptotic rates were decreased due to simvatatin pretreatment ...
Jakovkin Igor - - 2012
Although difficult to analyze, NMR chemical shifts provide detailed information on protein structure. We have adapted the semi-empirical bond polarization theory (BPT) to protein chemical shift calculation and chemical shift driven protein structure refinement. A new parameterization for BPT amide nitrogen chemical shift calculation has been derived from MP2 ab ...
Mogi Kazutaka - - 2012
RATIONALE: Antidepressant treatments are commonly prescribed, but few studies have been published, even in animal models, on differences in reactivity to antidepressants with respect to rearing environment and sex. OBJECTIVES: Using a mouse model, we investigated the hypothesis that rearing environment (weaning time) and sex could impact responses to imipramine ...
Wang Dawei - - 2012
A flat plate serpentine reactor modified from ultraviolet disinfection pool in municipal wastewater treatment plants was developed for the removal of 17-ethinylestradiol (EE2) for the first time. The photocatalytic degradation performance of EE2 was investigated in this serpentine reactor under different conditions such as inlet concentrations, loaded catalyst concentrations, incident ...
De Marco Gabriele - - 2012
This study investigated the occurrence of rheumatic conditions (RCs) in a psoriasis (PSO)-dedicated dermatological clinic. PSO subjects with musculo-skeletal discomfort, and/or carrying signs (articular/systemic, even asymptomatic) of RCs; and/or suffering flares of previously established psoriatic arthritis (PsA) were referred to rheumatologist for evaluation. Laboratory tests/imaging were performed as needed. Categorization ...
Morocoima Antonio - - 2012
Trypanosoma cruzi causes a pan-infection, Chagas disease, in American mammals through fecal transmission by triatomine insects, resulting in an acute phase parasitemia with intracellularity mainly in the myocells and cells of the central nervous system (CNS).The parasites, due to the immune response, then decrease in number, characteristic of the life-long ...
Littrell Megan - - 2012
The role of older women in the care and protection of vulnerable children in sub-Saharan Africa may be changing given increasing rates of orphanhood due to AIDS. Concern regarding their capacity to provide for children and implications for their health and well-being dominate the literature. However, studies have not yet ...
Jackson Mark A - - 2012
Transgene integration complexity in the recipient genome can be an important determinant of transgene expression and field performance in transgenic crops. We provide the first direct comparison of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation (AMT) and particle bombardment using whole plasmid (WP) and excised minimal cassettes (MC), for transformation efficiency, transgene integration complexity and ...
Chen Bifeng - - 2012
A selective and sensitive fluorescence probe for hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) detection was synthesized and evaluated in PBS buffer and fetal bovine serum. The effect of pH on the probe was also studied. In addition, visualization of H(2)S in Hela cells was achieved using confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy.
Bourey Christine - - 2012
Abstract Understanding gender norms, power and equity is important for developing successful sexual and reproductive health interventions. However, little attention has been given to how to capture the gender ideals and imbalances that inform these relationships in low resource settings. Pile sorting exercises were conducted in four gender-segregated focus groups ...
Ravi Bindhu - - 2012
Objectives: To study the antidiabetic activity of Pleurotus ostreatus in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic mice. Materials and methods: Ethanolic extract of fruiting bodies of P. ostreatus was tested for their antidiabetic activity. BALB/C mice (25-30 g) were divided into four groups of six animals each normal control mice, diabetic control mice, ...
Al-Mailem D M - - 2012
Hypersaline soil and pond water samples were mixed with 3 % crude oil, some samples were autoclaved to serve as sterile controls; experimental samples were not sterilized. After 6-week incubation at 40 °C under light/dark cycles, the soil microflora consumed 66 %, and after 4 weeks the pond water microflora consumed 63 % of the ...
Solovyev Nikolay - - 2012
Se speciation was performed in 24 individual paired serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from neurologically healthy persons. Strong anion exchange (SAX) separation, coupled to inductively coupled plasma-dynamic reaction cell-mass spectrometry (ICP-DRC-MS), was employed. Species identification was done by standard matched retention time, standard addition and by size exclusion chromatography ...
Guo Cheng - - 2012
In mass spectrometry of protonated N-phenylcinnamides, the carbonyl oxygen is the thermodynamically most favorable protonation site and the added proton is initially localized on it. Upon collisional activation, the proton transfers from the carbonyl oxygen to the dissociative protonation site at the amide nitrogen atom or the α-carbon atom, leading ...
Arderiu Gemma - - 2012
Tissue factor (TF) has well-recognized roles as initiator of blood coagulation as well as an intracellular signaling receptor. TF signaling regulates gene transcription and protein translation. Recently, we have shown that TF-induced mature neovessel formation is ultimately driven by CCL2 expression. However, the signaling process induced by TF to promote ...
Jochum Florian D - - 2012
Stimuli-responsive polymers have been attracting great interest within the scientific community for several decades. The unique feature to respond to small changes in the environmental conditions has made this class of materials very promising for several applications in the field of nanoscience, nanotechnology and nanomedicine. So far, several different chemical, ...
Preitschopf Andrea - - 2012
Chronic articular cartilage defects are the most common disabling conditions of humans in the western world. The incidence for cartilage defects is increasing with age and the most prominent risk factors are overweight and sports associated overloading. Damage of articular cartilage frequently leads to osteoarthritis due to the aneural and ...
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