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Results 501 - 550 of 3274
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Davis Patrick K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to determine the presence of platelet dysfunction in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). The mechanisms underlying the coagulopathy associated with TBI remain elusive. The question of platelet dysfunction in TBI is unclear. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted at Memorial ...
Uchida Daisuke - - 2012
Salivary gland cancers (SGCs) frequently metastasize to cervical lymph nodes and distant organs. Currently, the mechanisms responsible for the metastatic behavior of SGC cells are not fully understood. We previously demonstrated that the stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1; also known as CXCL12)/CXCR4 system is involved in the establishment of metastasis in ...
McVinish R - - 2012
Metapopulation models have been used to better understand the conditions necessary for the persistence of the metapopulation. In this paper, we study a stochastic patch occupancy model that incorporates variation in quality and connectivity of the habitat patches. Two important assumptions are imposed in our analysis. Firstly, the distance between ...
Iyer Rohin K - - 2012
We previously reported that preculture of fibroblasts (FBs) and endothelial cells (ECs) prior to cardiomyocytes (CMs) improved the structural and functional properties of engineered cardiac tissue compared to culture of CMs alone or co-culture of all three cell types. However, these approaches did not result in formation of capillary-like cords, ...
Wong Amy E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies have shown that patients have poor understanding of prenatal screening tests. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the frequency with which patients have poor understanding of the sensitivity and safety of the second-trimester fetal sonogram and to identify maternal factors associated with poor understanding. METHOD: ...
Daba Alina - - 2012
The iron regulatory hormone hepcidin responds to both oral and parenteral iron. Here, we hypothesized that the diverse iron trafficking routes may affect the dynamics and kinetics of the hepcidin activation pathway. To address this, C57BL/6 mice were administered an iron-enriched diet or injected i.p. with iron dextran and analyzed ...
Ortíz Irmene - - 2012
Stimulation of native microbial populations in soil by the addition of small amounts of secondary carbon sources (cosubstrates) and its effect on the degradation and theoretical mineralization of DDT [l,l,l-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane] and its main metabolites, DDD and DDE, were evaluated. Microbial activity in soil polluted with DDT, DDE and DDD was ...
Gontero Paolo - - 2012
PURPOSE: To perform a formal external validation of the preoperative Karakiewicz nomogram (KN) for the prediction of cancer-specific survival (CSS) using a large series of surgically treated patients diagnosed with organ-confined or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Patient population originated from a series of retrospectively gathered cases that underwent ...
Huang Jianhua - - 2012
Three solution-processable small molecules of , and were synthesized by Stille coupling through attaching donor units of thiophene (T), selenophene (Se) and thieno[3,2-b]thiophene (TT) to the diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) core, respectively. Replacement of the T donors with the more polarized Se units results in a balance between the a and b ...
Han Ting-Li - - 2012
Farnesol is a quorum-sensing molecule (QSM) produced, and sensed, by the polymorphic fungus, Candida albicans. This cell-to-cell communication molecule is known to suppress the hyphal formation of C. albicans at high cell density. Despite many studies investigating the signalling mechanisms by which QSMs influence the morphogenesis of C. albicans, the ...
Lewis Jana L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The significance of lobular neoplasia (LN), lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) and atypical lobular hyperplasia (ALH)) found at core needle biopsy (CNB) of the breast remains uncertain. There is a consistent risk of underestimating malignancy after the diagnosis of LN on CNB. The aim of this study was to ...
Mijzen Elsbeth J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is well known, often associated with, lethal complication of sedation with propofol. PRIS seems to be associated with young age, traumatic brain injury (TBI), higher cumulative doses of propofol, and the concomitant use of catecholamines. Known manifestations of PRIS are metabolic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis, and cardiac ...
Pereira Cristiane Aparecida - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate specific effects of photodynamic inactivation (PDI) using erythrosine (ER) and Rose Bengal (RB) photosensitizers and a blue light-emitting diode (LED) on the viability of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguinis biofilms. Biofilms were grown in acrylic disks immersed in broth to production of ...
Brüning César A - - 2012
Cerebrovascular diseases, including ischemic stroke, are associated with high mortality worldwide. Oxidative stress and inflammation are important pathophysiological mechanisms involved in post-ischemic cerebral injury. The present study was designed to investigate the potential protective effect of diphenyl diselenide (PhSe)(2), an organoselenium compound with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) ...
King Russell R - - 2012
The normal levels and types of glycoalkaloids found in commercial varieties of potato (Solanum tuberosum) appear to present no hazard to human health. However when wild Solanum species are used in breeding endeavors, new and untested glycoalkaloids may be introduced. Recent studies of domestic crosses with a wild Solanum oplocense ...
Yao Yuan - - 2012
The reaction pathway of Schiff base hydrolysis catalyzed by type I dehydroquinate dehydratase (DHQD) from S. enterica has been studied by performing molecular dynamics (MD) simulations and density functional theory (DFT) calculations and the corresponding potential energy profile has also been identified. On the basis of the results, the catalytic ...
Ichiki Ryoko T - - 2012
Some members of the family Tachinidae (Insecta: Diptera) deposit numerous very small eggs, termed "microtype" eggs, on the food plants of their caterpillar hosts. Parasitization is successful only when the hosts ingest these eggs. To increase the chance of hosts encountering the eggs, microtype tachinid parasitoids have to choose a ...
Ahadian Samad - - 2012
Engineered skeletal muscle tissues could be useful for applications in tissue engineering, drug screening, and bio-robotics. It is well-known that skeletal muscle cells are able to differentiate under electrical stimulation (ES), with an increase in myosin production, along with the formation of myofibers and contractile proteins. In this study, we ...
Keawvichit Rassamon - - 2012
Patients with thalassemia, an inherited hemolytic anemia, have increased risk of hypercoagulable complications. A whole blood flow cytometric (FCM) method has been used for studies of platelet activation and platelet-leukocyte aggregation in these patients. However, this FCM method presents technical difficulties because of the high proportion of immature red blood ...
Pandey Richa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) have traditionally been treated with surgical resection alone resulting in high rates of recurrence. However, the discovery of imatinib efficacy in GIST has revolutionized its management. DISCUSSION: Imatinib may be used as neoadjuvant therapy with the goal of reducing tumor size, minimizing surgical morbidity and, ...
Liu Yongmin - - 2012
Within the past a few years, transformation optics has emerged as a new research area, since it provides a general methodology and design tool for manipulating electromagnetic waves in a prescribed manner. Using transformation optics, researchers have demonstrated a host of striking phenomena and devices; many of which were only ...
Ahn Eun-Kyung - - 2012
Adenophora triphylla var. japonica (Campanulaceae) is known to have anti-inflammatory and anti-tussive effects. Dysfunction of adipocytes and adipose tissue in obesity is related to various inflammatory cytokines or adipokines. In this study, we investigated whether lupenone isolated from A. triphylla var. japonica extract inhibits adipocyte differentiation and expression of adipogenic ...
Choudhary Sinjan - - 2012
An understanding of the detailed energetics and mechanism of the binding of drugs with target proteins is essential for devising guidelines to synthesize new drugs. Binding of the antibiotic drugs tetracycline (TC) and rolitetracycline (RTC) with serum albumin has been studied by a combination of isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), differential ...
Uehling Jessie K - - 2012
Membranomyces (Clavulinaceae, Cantharellales) Jülich consists of two described species of resupinate (crust-like) basidiomycetes. Previous studies indicated that Membranomyces falls within the Clavulinaceae, but the phylogenetic position of the genus has not been fully resolved. Membranomyces species were thought to be saprotrophic until 2003 when Tedersoo et al. detected Membranomyces delectabilis ...
Gao Wen-Yang - - 2012
The replacement of the pillar ligand, 4,4'-bipyridine, in the prototypal pillared MOF, MOF-508, with the custom-designed ligand, 4,4'-(2H-1,2,3-triazole-2,4-diyl)dipyridine, affords a porous metal-triazolate framework, MTAF-3, which demonstrates remarkable enhancement of CO(2) uptake capacity by a factor of ∼3 compared to the parent MOF-508.
Biagi F - - 2012
Whipple's disease (WD) is a very rare chronic systemic condition characterised by a Th2/T regulatory (Treg) dysregulated immune response versus Tropheryma whipplei, a bacterium widely diffuse in the environment. To investigate whether this Th2/Treg polarised response has a genetic background, we investigated the Th1, Th2, Th17 and Treg cytokine genetic ...
Haas Peter S - - 2012
Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is a curative approach for several diseases predominantly affecting elderly patients. Overall survival is compromised by treatment-related mortality (TRM), GvHD, and relapse. Pretransplant clinical risk indicators in elderly patients qualifying for HCT are highly desirable. Pro-BNP is known as a predictor of death in patients ...
Dahlseng Magnus O - - 2012
Aim  To compare the prevalence of gastrostomy tube feeding (GTF) of children with cerebral palsy (CP) in six European countries. Method  Data on 1295 children (754 males, 541 females; mean age 5y 11mo, range 11y 2mo, min 6mo, max 11y 8mo) with CP born from 1999 to 2001 were collected ...
Thalassinos Konstantinos - - 2012
The functional design and application of a data-independent LC-MS precursor and product ion repository for protein identification, quantification, and validation is conceptually described. The ion repository was constructed from the sequence search results of a broad range of discovery experiments investigating various tissue types of two closely related mammalian species. ...
Selassie A W - - 2012
Objectives:First, to evaluate the influence of comorbid diseases and concomitant injuries on the risk of in-hospital death after traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI). Second, to identify the risk characteristics of TSCI patients with likelihood of death.Study design:Population-based retrospective cohort study.Setting:Sixty-two acute care hospitals in South Carolina, USA.Methods:Records of 3389 TSCI ...
Schulz Kathrin L - - 2012
Tauopathies like the "frontotemporal dementia with Parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17" (FTDP-17) are characterized by an aberrant accumulation of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated tau. For FTDP-17, a pathogenic tau mutation P301L was identified. Impaired mitochondrial function including disturbed dynamics such as fission and fusion are most likely major ...
Steele Megan L - - 2012
Neurons rely on glutathione (GSH) and its degradation product cysteinylglycine released by astrocytes to maintain their antioxidant defences. This is particularly important under conditions of inflammation and oxidative stress, as observed in many neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer's disease (AD). The effects of inflammatory activation on intracellular GSH content and the ...
Gridley Benjamin M - - 2012
Cobalt(ii) diaryl complexes react with CO to afford Co(2)(CO)(8) and sterically encumbered ketones whose structure varies depending on the nature of the aryl ligands.
Knafo Steven - - 2012
We report the case of a 32-year-old woman with a left frontal ganglioglioma (WHO grade I). Quantitative analysis based on three dimensional magnetic resonance images revealed a threefold increase of growth rate during pregnancy as compared to pre-pregnancy, causing neurological deterioration and leading to prompt surgical treatment 3 months after ...
Rengstl Birgit - - 2012
The de novo assembly of photosystem II (PSII) depends on a variety of assisting factors. We have previously shown that two of them, namely, YCF48 and Sll0933, mutually interact and form a complex (Rengstl et al. in J Biol Chem 286:21944-21951, 2011). To gain further insights into the importance of ...
Fromell Karin - - 2012
A platform for diagnostic applications showing signal-to-noise ratios that by far surpass those of traditional bioanalytical test formats has been developed. It combines the properties of modified nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) surfaces and those of polyethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide based block copolymers for surface passivation and binder conjugation with a ...
Petrini Carlo - - 2012
The issues of collection, storage, and use of cord blood (CB) stem cells have been addressed extensively in national and international guidelines, policies, and regulations. Many of these documents are not binding, but are nonetheless accorded considerable respect on account of the authority of the issuing organizations. Most discussion has ...
Van der Borght Jef - - 2012
Trehalose(α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1,1)-α-D-glucopyranoside) is widely used in the food industry, thanks to its protective effect againstfreezing and dehydration. Analogues of trehalose have the additional benefit that they are not digested and thus do not contribute to our caloric intake.Such trehalose analogues can be producedwith the enzyme trehalose phosphorylase, when it is applied ...
Ellis Wendy E - - 2012
Past research has shown that adolescent peer groups make a significant contribution to shaping behavior but less is known about the role of peer groups in adolescent dating relationships. This longitudinal study examined the contribution of aggressive peer group norms on relationship quality and dating violence among dating adolescents. At ...
Huang Faith - - 2012
The age at which the majority of children outgrow cow's milk allergy now appears to be later than previously reported. Recent studies have attempted to elucidate factors that may help prevent cow's milk allergy, assess markers of persistence, and evaluate the usefulness of new diagnostic methods. Strict avoidance of cow's ...
Yoshimura Kentaro - - 2012
Immediate diagnosis of human specimen is an essential prerequisites in medical routines. This study aimed to establish a novel cancer diagnostics system based on probe electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (PESI-MS) combined with statistical data processing. PESI-MS uses a very fine acupuncture needle as a probe for sampling as well as for ...
Kim Won Jun - - 2012
The measure of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) concentration is the gold standard of glycemic control index in diabetes management and is well known as a marker for diabetes complications. However, HbA1c level neither accurately reflect glucose fluctuations, nor does it provide a clear indication of glycemic control in recent days or ...
Opps Sheldon B - - 2012
In this study, we employ the discontinuous molecular dynamics simulation method to investigate the collapse properties of a single heteropolymer chain in an explicit solvent. Solvent density ρ, fraction of hydrophobic monomers n (H) (defined as the ratio of the number of hydrophobic monomers to the total number of monomers) and ...
Liebal Katja - - 2012
We investigated four gibbon species of two different genera (Hylobates pileatus, H. moloch, H. lar, Symphalangus syndactylus) in terms of their looking behavior in response to a human who either looked up or looked at the gibbon. Comparing those two conditions, gibbons as a group looked up more when the ...
Nehrenberg Derrick L - - 2012
Aggression is a complex behavior that is essential for survival. Of the various forms of aggression, impulsive violent displays without prior planning or deliberation are referred to as affective aggression. Affective aggression is thought to be caused by aberrant perceptions of, and consequent responses to, threat. Understanding the neuronal networks ...
Cox S T - - 2012
Discovery of three novel alleles of RAET1E/ULBP4 by sequence-based typing: RAET1E*008, RAET1E*009 and RAET1E*010.
Vivar Carmen - - 2012
Accumulating evidence from animal and human research shows exercise benefits learning and memory, which may reduce the risk of neurodegenerative diseases, and could delay age-related cognitive decline. Exercise-induced improvements in learning and memory are correlated with enhanced adult hippocampal neurogenesis and increased activity-dependent synaptic plasticity. In this present chapter we ...
Kupershmidt Lana - - 2012
Based on a multimodal drug design strategy for age-related neurodegenerative diseases, we have synthesized a multifunctional nontoxic, brain-permeable iron-chelating compound, M30, possessing the neuroprotective N-propargyl moiety of the anti-Parkinsonian drug, monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor, rasagiline and the antioxidant-iron chelator moiety of the 8-hydroxyquinoline derivative of the iron chelator, VK28. In the ...
Hossain Azim - - 2012
Melanoma is the most aggressive form of skin cancer, responsible for the majority of skin cancer related deaths. Thus, the search for natural molecules which can effectively destroy tumors while promoting immune activation is essential for designing novel therapies against metastatic melanoma. Here, we report for the first time that ...
Lupan Alexandru - - 2012
Geometry optimization results are reported for secondary structural elements of small proteins and polypeptides. Emphasis is placed on how well molecular mechanics as well as semiempirical, ab initio, and density functional methods describe α-helical and related structures in purely theoretical models (Gly(10), Ile(10)) as well as in realistic models (an ...
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