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Czyz Craig N CN Division of Ophthalmology, Section Oculofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ohio University/Ohio Health Doctor's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA. - - 2013
Hydrogel was a commonly used material for scleral buckling in the early 1980s to the mid-1990s. Use of hydrogel ceased due to a high complication rate, including frequent migration. Various symptoms and clinical findings have been reported with hydrogel migration. There have been no published reports of hydrogel migration to ...
Cruz Antonio A V AA Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. - - 2013
Osteolytic lesions are highly suggestive of metastatic disease or in rare instances may result from primary extradural meningiomas. Herein, we describe a rare case of a patient who presented with a large area of osteolysis on the right orbital roof. An excisional biopsy revealed that the lesion was associated with ...
Warner Evan J EJ Oculoplastics Service, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2013
Orbital lesions include a broad spectrum of tumors, vascular abnormalities, and inflammatory conditions. High-resolution imaging has become an invaluable tool toward formulating an accurate diagnosis, and facilitates proper counseling regarding appropriate interventions. Imaging may guide whether partial excision to minimize damage to orbital structures, or en bloc removal to prevent ...
Thuro Bradley A BA Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, - - 2013
Complications with the Ritleng probe have not been reported previously. Herein, we report a case in which the Ritleng probe tip fractured during use on a patient undergoing nasolacrimal duct intubation requiring subsequent retrieval. A root-cause analysis was conducted which help to elicit possible ways to prevent such a complication ...
Xiao Liping L Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030, USA. - - 2013
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is responsible for phosphate wasting and the phenotypic changes observed in human diseases such as X-linked hypophosphatemia (XLH). Targeted overexpression of nuclear high-molecular weight fibroblast growth factor 2 isoforms (HMW isoforms) in osteoblasts resulted in a transgenic mouse with phenotypic changes similar to XLH, including ...
Su Zheng-Yuan ZY Department of Pharmaceutics, Center for Cancer Prevention Research, Ernest-Mario School of Pharmacy, Rutgers, NJ 08854, - - 2013
Oxidative stress is caused by an imbalance of reactive oxygen species (ROS)/reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and the antioxidative stress defense systems in cells. ROS/RNS or carcinogen metabolites can attack intracellular proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, which can result in genetic mutations, carcinogenesis, and other diseases. Nrf2 plays a critical role ...
Bonino Angela Yarnell AY Department of Allied Health Sciences, CB 7190, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that a carrier phrase can improve word recognition performance for both children and adults by providing an auditory grouping cue. It was hypothesized that the carrier phrase would benefit listeners under conditions in which they have difficulty in perceptually separating ...
Sinder Benjamin P BP Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2013
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic bone dysplasia characterized by osteopenia and easy susceptibility to fracture. Symptoms are most prominent during childhood. Although antiresorptive bisphosphonates have been widely used to treat pediatric OI, controlled trials show improved vertebral parameters but equivocal effects on long-bone fracture rates. New treatments for OI ...
Devanand Devangere D Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, - - 2013
This review summarizes the findings and importance of 12 articles from research at Columbia University in New York City that were among the most cited in the literature between 2006 and 2011. The 12 articles summarized in this review made important contributions to the field of Alzheimer's disease in the ...
Mandal Rakesh - - 2012
Existing organ weight charts used by pathologists for patients undergoing medical autopsy do not illustrate the effect of obesity and age on organ weights among a general population of older individuals with multiple comorbidities. We retrospectively reviewed 300 medical autopsy reports to extract data to analyze the effect of obesity ...
Delaney G - - 2012
Central nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ)-expressing neurones are abundantly expressed in the hypothalamus and limbic system and are implicated in the regulation of activity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) and stress responses. We investigated the role of the endogenous N/OFQ receptor (NOP) system using the nonpeptidic NOP antagonist, JTC-801 [N-(4-amino-2-methylquinolin-6-yl)-2-(4-ethylphenoxy-methyl)benzamide monohydrochloride], during ...
Arora S - - 2012
Honokiol (3',5-di-(2-propenyl)-1,1'-biphenyl-2,4'-diol) is a bioactive natural product derived from Magnolia spp. Recent studies have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anti-oxidative and anticancer properties of honokiol in vitro and in preclinical models. Honokiol targets multiple signaling pathways including nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), signal transducers and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), epidermal growth ...
Nagpal Seema - - 2012
Leptomeningeal metastasis is a serious and frequently fatal complication of non-small cell lung cancer. Curative treatment remains elusive, but careful use of radiation, systemic chemotherapy, intrathecal chemotherapy, and symptoms management can greatly improve quality of life and survival. For most patients, we recommend a combination of skull-based radiation with focal ...
Burlew Clay Cothren - - 2012
The open abdomen is a requisite component of a damage control operation and treatment of abdominal compartment syndrome.Enteral nutrition (EN) has proven beneficial for patients with critical injury, but its application in those with an open abdomen has not been defined. The purpose of this study was to analyze the ...
Warriner Amy H AH Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, - - 2012
Guidelines recommend bone density screening with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in women 65 years or older, but <30% of eligible women undergo DXA testing. There is a need to identify a systematic, effective, and generalizable way to improve osteoporosis screening. A group randomized, controlled trial of women ≥65 years old ...
Hyland Michael E ME School of Psychology, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon, UK. - - 2012
Being able to identify patients at risk of exacerbations is useful as it enables resources to be targeted at these patients. To test the theoretically-derived prediction that the frequency of non-asthma related visits to the general practitioner (GP) predicts exacerbations. Clinical and demographic data and both self-report and prescription-based adherence ...
Lo Iacono Nadia N UOS/IRGB, Milan Unit, CNR, Milan, Italy; Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, - - 2012
In the last decades the molecular basis of monogenic diseases has been largely unraveled, although their treatment has often remained unsatisfactory. Autosomal recessive osteopetrosis (ARO) belongs to the small group of genetic diseases that are usually treated with hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, this approach is not effective in ...
Jacob M M Wistar Institute, 3601 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, - - 2012
Tissue remodeling is critical during development and wound healing. It also characterizes a number of pathologic conditions, including chronic inflammation, fibrosis and cancer. It is well appreciated that reactive stromal cells play critical roles in these settings. However, understanding of the mechanisms involved in the differentiation of reactive stromal cells ...
Ma H H Department of Neurosurgery, Third Affiliated Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530031, PR - - 2012
Evidence shows that artificially lowering body and brain temperature can significantly reduce the deleterious effects of brain injury in both newborns and adults. Although the benefits of therapeutic hypothermia have long been known and applied clinically, the underlying molecular mechanisms have yet to be elucidated. Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury and traumatic ...
Bechtold Dorte - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the correlation between Plexiform Neurofibroma (PN) of the eye region and Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). According to the textbooks of ophthalmology, PN and NF1 are very closely linked. Our clinical experience raised doubts about this, however. All biopsy reports from the ...
Call Conley B - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of orbicularis oculi weakness on meibomian gland morphology using infrared meibography. This was a cross-sectional study. Patients were recruited from the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics. Inclusion criteria required the patient to be at least 18 years of age ...
Wladis Edward J - - 2012
Rosacea is a significant cause of ocular surface disease, and our current therapeutic armamentarium is often ineffective. Intraductal meibomian gland probing is a novel technique to address dry eye syndrome, although its use has not been described in the management of ocular surface disease from rosacea. Patients with ocular rosacea, ...
Andonian Sero S Department of Urology, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, - - 2013
To assess perioperative outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) using ultrasound or fluoroscopic guidance for percutaneous access. A prospectively collected international Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) database containing 5806 patients treated with PCNL was used for the study. Patients were divided into two groups based on the methods ...
Artz Nathan S - - 2012
The aim of this study was to compare dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for fat quantification using tissue triglyceride concentration and histology as references in an animal model of hepatic steatosis. This animal study was approved by our institution's Research Animal Resource Center. After validation of ...
Bron Carel - - 2012
Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is described as the sensory, motor, and autonomic symptoms caused by myofascial trigger points (TrPs). Knowing the potential causes of TrPs is important to prevent their development and recurrence, but also to inactivate and eliminate existing TrPs. There is general agreement that muscle overuse or direct ...
Winterdahl Michael - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine whether dynamic contrast-enhanced computed tomography (DCE-CT) and the slope method can provide absolute measures of hepatic blood perfusion from the hepatic artery (HA) and portal vein (PV) at experimentally varied blood flow rates. Ten anesthetized 40-kg pigs underwent DCE-CT of the liver ...
Rowley Christopher P - - 2012
Prevention of sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains an important clinical problem. Currently, therapeutic goals for SCD prevention include identification of high risk patients and aggressively treating comorbidities underlying. However, many patients remain at increased risk despite optimal medical management (eg, coronary artery disease and cardiomyopathy) whereas others have nonmodifiable risk ...
Rafaels Karin A - - 2012
Military service members are often exposed to at least one explosive event, and many blast-exposed veterans present with symptoms of traumatic brain injury. However, there is little information on the intensity and duration of blast necessary to cause brain injury. Varying intensity shock tube blasts were focused on the head ...
Barthel Erik R - - 2012
Recent events including the 2001 terrorist attacks on New York; Hurricane Katrina; the 2010 Haitian and Chilean earthquakes; and the 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear disaster in Japan have reminded disaster planners and responders of the tremendous scale of mass casualty disasters and their resulting human devastation. Although adult disaster ...
Akoglu Haldun - - 2012
Small pneumothoraces (PXs), which are not initially recognized with a chest x-ray film and diagnosed by a thoracic computed tomography (CT), are described as occult PX (OCPX). The objective of this study was to evaluate cervival spine (C-spine) and abdominal CT (ACT) for diagnosing OCPX and overt PX (OVPX). All ...
Zhou Jixiang - - 2012
Abdominal injuries constitute a small proportion of all earthquake-related traumas; however, it often resulted in fatal hemorrhage. Ultrasonography has been described as an effective triage tool in the evaluation of blunt abdominal trauma. We aimed to present an overview of the diagnostic accuracy of screening ultrasonography for patients with blunt ...
Greer Lauren T - - 2012
Secondary hemorrhage after a dehisced vascular reconstruction is a dreaded complication, yet few reports describe the initial management and outcome of casualties with ruptured grafts from military wounds. We aimed to report a single-center experience of graft ruptures after evacuation of casualties to a tertiary hospital in the continental United ...
Bird Julio J - - 2012
Patterns for nonoperative management of pediatric blunt splenic injuries (BSIs) vary significantly within and between institutions. The indications for repeated imaging, duration of activity restrictions, as well as the impact of volume and type of trauma center (pediatric vs. adult) on outcomes remain unclear. A retrospective review of all patients ...
Jiang Wei - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) for fatal fat embolism. Twelve piglets were randomly assigned into either a conventional treatment group (CT group, n = 6) or a PCPS group (n = 6) after receiving 0.3 mL/kg of fat intravenously. The ...
Nahm Nickolas J - - 2012
This study investigates the impact of injury severity, patient origin, and payer on charges and payments associated with treatment of femoral fractures at a Level I trauma center. We hypothesized that transfer patients and patients with minor injury would be underinsured, whereas reimbursement rate would be higher for patients with ...
Griffin Russell - - 2012
Side-impact airbags (SABs) are designed to protect the head and thorax during a side-impact motor vehicle collision (MVC). Research on the effectiveness of SAB deployment has been limited. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of deployed SABs in reducing head and thoracic injuries during side-impact MVCs. ...
Solc Petr - - 2012
Aurora kinase A (AURKA) is an important mitotic kinase involved in the G2/M transition, centrosome maturation and separation, and spindle formation in somatic cells. We used transgenic models that specifically overexpress in mouse oocytes either wild-type (WT-AURKA) or a catalytically inactive (kinase-dead) (KD-AURKA) AURKA to gain new insights regarding the ...
Hillestad Matthew L - - 2012
Reporter genes are important tools for assessing vector pharmacology in vivo. Although useful, current systems are limited by (1) the need to generate a new vector for each different reporter, (2) the inability to package reporter genes in small vectors, and (3) variations in reporter gene feedback due to variations ...
Pas Elise T - - 2012
Although there is an established literature supporting the efficacy of a variety of prevention programs, there has been less empirical work on the translation of such research to everyday practice or when scaled-up state-wide. There is a considerable need for more research on factors that enhance implementation of programs and ...
Zach Jordan Alexander JA Division of Radiology, National Jewish Health, Denver, CO 80206, USA. - - 2012
The purposes of this study were to evaluate the reference range of quantitative computed tomography (QCT) measures of lung attenuation and airway parameter measurements in healthy nonsmoking adults and to identify sources of variation in those measures and possible means to adjust for them. Within the COPDGene study, 92 healthy ...
Jeffries Rex E RE Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, - - 2013
Many oxygen mass-transfer modeling studies have been performed for various bioartificial liver (BAL) encapsulation types; yet, to our knowledge, there is no experimental study that directly and noninvasively measures viability and metabolism as a function of time and oxygen concentration. We report the effect of oxygen concentration on viability and ...
Chung Janet - - 2012
Combinational therapy with small RNA inhibitory agents against multiple viral targets allows efficient inhibition of viral production by controlling gene expression at critical time points. Here we explore combinations of different classes of therapeutic anti-HIV-1 RNAs expressed from within the context of an intronic MCM7 (minichromosome maintenance complex component-7) platform ...
Ono Takaaki - - 2012
Studies focused on elderly acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) are relatively limited. To evaluate prognostic impact in elderly APL, we compared the long-term outcome of elderly APL patients (60-70 years) with younger patients (15-59 years) treated with all-trans retinoic acid combined with anthracycline and cytarabine in the Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group (JALSG) ...
Maser R E RE Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2013
The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and autonomic nervous system regulate the cardiovascular system. Blockade of the RAAS may slow the progression of end-organ damage. Direct renin inhibition offers a means for blocking the RAAS. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of direct renin inhibition on cardiovascular autonomic ...
Massie Isobel I Centre for Hepatology at the Royal Free, UCL-Royal Free Hospital Campus, University College Medical School, Hampstead, London, United - - 2013
A bioartificial liver comprising alginate-encapsulated liver cell spheroids (ELS) could bridge the gap to transplant or spontaneous recovery in acute liver failure, but will be required for emergency use, necessitating cryopreservation. A cryopreservation protocol has been developed, but beyond this, the feasibility of cold-chain storage is considered here. Cryopreservation will ...
Case Adam J - - 2012
Mammary gland development is a multistage process requiring tightly regulated spatial and temporal signalling pathways. Many of these pathways have been shown to be sensitive to oxidative stress. Understanding that the loss of manganese superoxide dismutase (Sod2) leads to increased cellular oxidative stress, and that the loss or silencing of ...
Heath Daniel E DE Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, - - 2013
A family of methacrylic terpolymer biomaterials was electrospun into three-dimensional scaffolds. The glass transition temperature of the polymer correlates with the morphology of the resulting scaffold. Glassy materials produce scaffolds with discrete fibers and large pore areas (1531±1365 μm(2)), while rubbery materials produce scaffolds with fused fibers and smaller pore areas ...
Kim In Gul IG Department of Urology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2013
Postprostatectomy erectile dysfunction (ED) is the major problem for patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. Recently, gene and stem cell-based therapy of the corpus cavernosum has been attempted for postprostatectomy ED, but those therapies are limited by rapid blood flow and disruption of the normal architecture of the corpus cavernosum. ...
Shimoyama Megumi - - 2012
H-Dmt-D-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH(2) ([Dmt(1)]DALDA) is a synthetic tetrapeptide with extraordinary selectivity for the mu-opioid receptor and is an extremely potent analgesic. [Dmt(1) ]DALDA is unusual in the way that the greater part of its analgesic potency appears to be produced by its actions in the spinal cord. Furthermore, [Dmt(1) ]DALDA inhibits norepinephrine ...
Char Danton S - - 2012
We report the challenging case of a 1-week-old, term, 2.4 kg neonate with Goldenhar syndrome (including microcephaly, left microtia, left facial palsy, dextro-scoliosis of the cervical spine, and cervico-thoracic levoscoliosis), multiple ventricular septal defects, a type B interrupted aortic arch, a large patent ductus arteriosis, and radiographic and clinical signs concerning ...
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