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Jiménez Fernando - - 2012
(131)I, commonly used in nuclear medicine, can be incorporated into the human body in a variety of chemical and physical forms. This study describes a sensitive method for the determination of (131)I concentration and its application to the estimation of the amount of airborne (131)I inhaled by staff workers of ...
Amor Carlos - - 2012
Concentrated fruit juice industries use a wide volume of water for washing and fruit processing, generating a large volume of wastewater. This work studied the combination of an aerobic biological process with a chemical coagulation/flocculation step to treat a high concentrated fruit juice wastewater. This wastewater presents a good biodegradability ...
Orescanin Visnja - - 2012
The aim of this research was development of appropriate procedure for the treatment of landfill leachate taken from the Visevac, Mraclinska Dubrava and Piskornica sanitary landfills. Due to the complex nature of the effluents a combined treatment approach was applied. The pretreatment step included simultaneous treatment with calcium oxide and ...
Jing Zhang - - 2012
In recent years, there has been an increasing demand on the determination of trace environmental estrogen. In this study, a new 17β-estradiol molecularly imprinted polymer was successfully synthesized on the surface of activated silica gel. This prepared molecularly imprinted polymer was characterized, and found to exhibit good recognition, high selectivity, ...
Duhon Lorna A Putnam - - 2012
The marshland upwelling system (MUS) utilizes the natural properties of wetland soils to treat domestic wastewater injected into the marsh subsurface as the wastewater moves upwards and outwards from the injection site. The system is different from coarse media based wetland treatment systems common in Europe, though it relies on ...
Onargan Turgay - - 2012
The activity concentrations of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K in twelve different domestic and imported tiling rocks (granites) used as building materials in Turkey were determined by employing high-resolution γ-ray spectrometry. The samples were evaluated to assess the radiation hazard for people by comparing the results with the control values recommended ...
Gaidajis Georgios - - 2012
To assess ambient air quality at the wider area of a mining-industrial facility in Chalkidiki, Greece, the particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter of 10 μm (PM(10)) and its content in characteristic elements, i.e., As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, Zn were monitored for a period of three years (2008-2010). Gravimetric ...
Lopez-Lopez C - - 2012
At present, there is great concern about limited water resources and water quality, which require a more advanced technology. The Moving Bed Biofilm Reactor (MBBR) has been shown to be an efficient technology for removal of organic matter and nutrients in industrial and urban wastewater treatment. However, there are some ...
Noicharoen Damrongsak - - 2012
Batch experiments were conducted to study the effect of salinity (0-30 g L(-1)) on adsorption and desorption of paraquat (1, 1'-dimethyl-4, 4'-dipyridylium dichloride), one of the most widely used herbicides in the world, in sediment of Pak Phanang River Basin, Thailand. Sediments from five locations were used in the studies ...
Ruiz-Espinoza Juan E - - 2012
Treatment of poultry industry effluents produces wastewater sludge with high levels of organic compounds and pathogenic microorganisms. In this research, the thermal pre-treatment of poultry slaughterhouse sludge (PSS) was evaluated for low temperatures in combination with different exposure times as a pre-hydrolysis strategy to improve the anaerobic digestion process. Organic ...
Cabuk Ahmet - - 2012
Chlorinated compounds constitute an important class of xenobiotics. Crude laccase was produced using Trametes versicolor ATCC (200801) in potato dextrose broth, with wheat bran as an inducing medium, and its ability to dechlorinate eight compounds was determined. The compounds were 2-chlorophenol, 4-chlorophenol, 2,4-dichlorophenol, 2,6-dichlorophenol, 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, 2,4,6-trichlorophenol, heptachlor and pentachlorophenol. A ...
Kochkodan Victor M - - 2012
This article presents a review of recent developments in surface modification of polymer membranes via graft polymerization and plasma treatment for reduction of fouling with organic compounds and microorganisms in pressure driven membrane processes. The factors affecting membrane fouling, such as membrane hydrophilicity, charge and surface roughness are discussed. The ...
Magro Clinei D - - 2012
The inappropriate discharge of wastewater containing high concentrations of toxic metals is a serious threat to the environment. Given that the microalga Spirulina platensis has demonstrated a capacity for chromium VI (Cr (VI) biosorption, we assessed the ideal concentration of chromium-containing wastewater required for maximum removal of Cr (VI) and ...
Sumino Haruhiko - - 2012
The process performance of a novel anaerobic down-flow hanging sponge (AnDHS) reactor for the treatment of low strength wastewater was investigated. A lab-scale experiment was conducted in which 300-400 mgCOD L(-1) of artificial wastewater was fed in over 600 days. The reactor exhibited sufficient performance: 70-90% of total COD removal, and ...
El-Demerdash Fatma - - 2012
The present study was designed to evaluate the toxic effects induced by different time intervals of methomyl exposure on liver antioxidant defense system, oxidative stress, liver function biomarkers and histopathology in CD-1 mice. Ten male mice per group were assigned to one of four treatment groups. Group one served as ...
Boskidis Ioannis - - 2012
A groundwater monitoring and modeling program in two aquifers within the lower Nestos river basin in Northern Greece is presented. A monitoring network of 54 wells was developed in the two study areas, and groundwater level measurements and water quality sample analyses were conducted for a period of 2.5 years, from ...
Hosseini Seyedali - - 2012
This article reports the development of oxidative precipitation (OP) method for synthesis of Co(3)O(4) as an environmental catalyst and comparison of its performance with that of obtained from conventional sol gel combustion (SG) method and industrial Pt/γ-Al(2)O(3) in remediation of toluene from air. Catalytic studies were carried out in a ...
Chen Ting C - - 2012
The sorption coefficients of estrone (E1), 17β-estradiol (E2), and estriol (E3), 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2), and diethylstilbestrol (DES) on four sediments (BS1-4) collected downstream of agricultural, domestic, and industrial discharges were determined. The objective was to investigate the effect of sediment origin on the sorption affinity of natural and synthetic estrogens on ...
Sakugawa Hiroshi - - 2012
Various Fenton solutions have been developed for advanced oxidation processes in wastewater treatment. In this study, conventional Fenton solutions such as hydrogen peroxide (HOOH) + Fe(2+) (Mix 1) or HOOH + Fe(3+) (Mix 2), and a new type of solution, HOOH + Fe(3+) + oxalic acid (Mix 3), were used ...
BoryƂo Alicja - - 2012
The activity of polonium (210)Po and uranium (234)U, (238)U radionuclides, as well as trace metals in mosses, collected from Sobieszewo Island area (northern Poland), were determined using the alpha spectrometry, AAS (atomic absorption spectrometry) and OES-ICP (atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma). The concentrations of mercury (directly from the ...
Evdokimova Galina A - - 2012
Oil and gas production and transportation in Russia is increasingly moving to the north regions. Such regions are characterized by relatively low self-purification capacity of the natural environments from the contaminants due to slow character of the energy exchange and mass transfer processes. Off-shore field development in the Barents Sea ...
Meyer Daniel Derrossi - - 2012
The search for alternative sources of energy, such as biodiesel, has been stimulated, since this biofuel is highly susceptible for biodegradation and has low toxicity, thus, reducing the impact in ecosystems. The objective of this study was to select a bacterial consortium with potential for degrading diesel/biodiesel blends (B20) obtained ...
Guzsvány Valéria - - 2012
Two spectroscopic methods, (1)H NMR and FTIR, were developed for the monitoring of the photocatalytic degradation of acetamiprid, a widely used pyridine-based neonicotinoid insecticide, in UV-irradiated aqueous suspensions of O(2)/TiO(2). The (1)H NMR method allowed also the identification of the intermediates such as 6-chloronicotinic and formic acids, as well as ...
Montalvo S - - 2012
The main objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of the food to microorganisms (F/M) ratio and temperature on batch anaerobic digestion processes carried out with and without zeolite addition as a microbial carrier. Three laboratory-scale experimental runs were conducted using a synthetic substrate with a COD:N:P ratio ...
Bacci Leandro - - 2012
The toxicity of six insecticides was determined for the peach-potato aphid, Myzus persicae (Hemiptera: Aphididae), and some of its natural enemies - the predatory beetles Cycloneda sanguinea (Coccinellidae) and Acanthinus sp. (Anthicidae), and the wasp parasitoid Diaeretiella rapae (Aphidiidae). Natural enemies from these groups are important natural biological control agents ...
Hong Chang-Young - - 2012
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are difficult to degrade due to poor solubility, toxicity, and thermal stability. In the present study, the feasibility of PCB congener biodegradation by Ceriporia sp. ZLY-2010 was evaluated. The biodegradation rates of four PCB congeners, 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl, 2,3',4',5-tetrachlorobiphenyl, 2,2',4,5,5'-pentachlorobiphenyl, and 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl were evaluated. The degradation rate of 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl ...
Lima Victor V - - 2012
O-GlcNAcylation is an unusual form of protein glycosylation, where a single-sugar [GlcNAc (N-acetylglucosamine)] is added (via β-attachment) to the hydroxyl moiety of serine and threonine residues of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. A complex and extensive interplay exists between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation. Many phosphorylation sites are also known glycosylation sites, and ...
Shrikrishna Dinesh D NIHR Respiratory Biomedical Research Unit, Royal Brompton and Harefield NHS Foundation Trust and Imperial College London, London, U.K. - - 2012
ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors and ARBs (angiotensin II receptor blockers) are already widely used for the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular disease and their potential role in other disease states has become increasingly recognized. COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is characterized by pathological inflammatory processes involving the lung parenchyma, airways ...
Ng Yu-Tze - - 2012
Hypoglycemia and hypoglycorrhachia, although they are uncommon causes of refractory seizures and epilepsy, should always be considered because they are potentially treatable conditions. A high index of suspicion and low threshold for testing recurrent blood and at least one cerebrospinal fluid glucose level are required. Jeavons syndrome and other refractory ...
Levy Wayne C - - 2012
In this study we investigated whether the addition of peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)) improves the predictive accuracy of the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM). The SHFM is a validated multivariate risk model that uses NYHA classification to assess functional capacity rather than peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)). Outpatients (n = 1,240) ...
Kikuchi Kenjiro - - 2012
We describe an infant with molybdenum cofactor deficiency, initially diagnosed as cerebral palsy. Clinical features of molybdenum cofactor deficiency, e.g., neonatal seizures, hypertonus/hypotonus, and feeding and respiratory difficulties, resemble those of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Our patient, a 2-year-old boy, presented with spastic quadriplegia and mental retardation. He manifested intractable neonatal ...
Knight Tristan - - 2012
This study evaluated the prevalence of tic disorders. MEDLINE and EMBASE databases were searched, using terms specific to Tourette syndrome and tic disorders, for studies of incidence, prevalence, and epidemiology. Thirty-five studies reporting data from 1985-2011 on the incidence or prevalence of tic disorders in a defined population were included. ...
Giannoukakis Nick - - 2012
To review the important recent findings on the nature, characteristics and function of novel populations of immunosuppressive B-lymphocytes (Bregs) and their possible role as a regulatory cell population, potentially responsive to dendritic cells, in preventing and possibly controlling type 1 diabetes mellitus. Although almost all of the experimental work in ...
Rocha Ruben - - 2012
We describe a girl with Alagille syndrome and a moyamoya angiographic pattern on magnetic resonance angiography. She was referred for genetic consultation because of posterior embryotoxon and peripheral pulmonary stenosis. Her facial appearance was typical, but she had no cholestasis or vertebral involvement. A heterozygous duplication of one nucleotide (a c.715dupA ...
Frantz Robert P - - 2012
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a biomarker of disease severity in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). In this study we aimed to determine whether baseline NT-proBNP levels correlate with improvement in 6-minute walk distance (6MWD) in the pivotal randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind study of the addition of inhaled treprostinil to oral ...
Keating Gillian M - - 2012
Prophylaxis or on-demand therapy with octocog alfa, antihemophilic factor, plasma/albumin-free method (Advate®) is effective for the prevention and treatment of bleeding episodes and for perioperative management in pediatric and adult patients with hemophilia A. Routine prophylaxis with Advate® also prevents bleeding episodes in patients with hemophilia A; moreover, routine prophylaxis ...
Hodge Greg - - 2012
We previously showed that bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) is associated with lack of immunosuppression of T-cell pro-inflammatory cytokines and granzyme B. We recently showed that natural killer (NK) T (NKT)-like cells are a major source of pro-inflammatory cytokines and granzymes in the blood of stable lung transplant patients. NK cells ...
De Cunto Angela - - 2012
Hemiplegic migraine constitutes an unusual form, characterized by periodic attacks of migraine with a motor component (hemiplegia). Familial forms are dominantly inherited, and are attributable to mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in ion transportation, including ATP1A2, which codes for the α-2 isoform of the sodium-potassium adenosine triphosphatase, a P-type ...
Nakano Kousuke - - 2012
A girl with intractable absence seizures and facial myoclonia at age 7 years was eventually diagnosed with hyperinsulinism-hyperammonemia syndrome because of hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinism, hyperammonemia, and the results of an oral l-leucine loading test. Her seizures occurred even during periods of relatively normal blood glucose levels, and were completely suppressed by ...
Alsalhi M - - 2012
Liver cancer or hepato cellular carcinoma (HCC) is a serious malady with only 10% survival rate and is fatal next only to pancreatic cancer. This disease is conventionally detected and diagnosed by ultra sound, CT or MRI scans which are quite expensive. Also the discrimination between cirrhosis and HCC, by ...
Shatla Hamed M - - 2012
Pediatric stroke is relatively uncommon, with often subtle clinical presentations. Numerous predisposing risk factors can be both inherited and acquired, including cardiac disease, vascular abnormalities, infectious diseases, collagen tissue diseases, inborn errors of metabolism, anticardiolipin antibody, lupus anticoagulant, deficiencies of protein C, protein S, antithrombin, or plasminogen, and prothrombotic mutations. ...
Wu Zong-Wei - - 2012
RNAi-mediated gene silencing has great potential for treating various diseases, including cancer, by delivering a specific short interfering RNA (siRNA) to knock down pathogenic mRNAs and suppress protein translation. Although many researchers are dedicated to devising polymer-based vehicles for exogenous in vitro siRNA transfection, few synthetic vehicles are feasible in ...
Lin Jainn-Jim - - 2012
Guillain-Barré syndrome is characterized by acute progressive weakness, areflexia, and maximal motor disability that occur within 4 weeks of onset. Various clinical subtypes have been described since the original description of the syndrome. This study aimed to identify characteristics of clinical variants of Guillain-Barré syndrome through retrospective review of cases ...
Metz David C - - 2012
Disease heterogeneity and multisystem complications represent challenges to the diagnosis and management of neuroendocrine tumours (NET), with the disease often remaining undiagnosed for years after initial presentation. The purpose of this review is to assess the limitations of traditional care models and review the potential benefits of the multidisciplinary team ...
Ekstrand Jeffrey J - - 2012
Galloway-Mowat syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder presenting as early-onset nephrotic syndrome and central nervous system abnormalities, including microcephaly and developmental delays. Neurologic findings are universal in children with this disorder, and often precede renal abnormalities. However, relatively few descriptions of associated neurologic features are available. We describe two pairs ...
Chan Sophelia H S - - 2012
Congenital myasthenic syndrome caused by endplate acetylcholinesterase deficiency constitutes a rare autosomal recessive disease. We describe a child with early-onset ptosis, complete ophthalmoplegia, facial and proximal muscle weakness, easy fatigability, a decremental electromyographic response, and a repetitive compound muscle action potential not improved by anti-acetylcholinesterase medication. Mutation analysis of the ...
Ring J - - 2012
Among the many attempts to classify urticaria, 2 categories have been accepted worldwide, namely according to time course into acute (shorter than 6 weeks) and chronic urticaria (longer than 6 weeks) and a classification according to etiopathophysiology. A special subgroup is the physical urticarias where wheals are elicited via specific physical (mechanical, ...
Russell Kate E - - 2012
Although a diagnosis of pyridoxine-dependent seizures may commonly be delayed, this case involves an extremely late diagnosis with associated morbidity. Our patient received pyridoxine during the neonatal period, in conjunction with other antiepileptic drugs that masked its effect. This patient also underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunting, which complicated the diagnosis. Pyridoxine was ...
Jansen Katrien - - 2012
An 8-month-old boy presented with periods of apnea occurring several times daily. Initial clinical and radiologic evaluations could not identify a cause for these episodes. Video electroencephalographic monitoring indicated interictal high-voltage θ and δ activity over the right frontotemporal area. A short ictal run of δ activity over the same ...
Negi Lalit Mohan - - 2012
CD44 or hyaluronan receptor is a transmembrane receptor associated with aggressive tumour growth, proliferation, and metastasis. In normal physiology, this receptor has a crucial role in cell adhesion, inflammation, and repair processes. However, many tumour cells over-express this receptor and abuse it to become progressive and perpetual units. The article ...
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