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Results 401 - 450 of 2881
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Russo Lilian C - - 2012
Protein interactions are crucial for most cellular process. Thus, rationally designed peptides that act as competitive assembly inhibitors of protein interactions by mimicking specific, determined structural elements have been extensively used in clinical and basic research. Recently, mammalian cells have been shown to contain a large number of intracellular peptides ...
Kawai Tatsuo - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to investigate the association of serum uric acid (UA) levels in hypertensive patients with the prognosis for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. This hospital-based cohort study included 669 patients with essential hypertension. A questionnaire was used to identify patients in whom hypertensive complications had ...
Lin Kedan - - 2012
Antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) are a class of therapeutics that combine the target specificity of an antibody with the potency of a chemotherapeutic. This therapeutic strategy can significantly expand the therapeutic index of a chemotherapeutic by minimizing the systemic exposure and associated toxicity of the chemotherapeutic agent, while simultaneously maximizing ...
Hansen-Krone I J - - 2012
Prudent dietary patterns are associated with reduced risk of arterial cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Limited data exist on the relation between diet and venous thromboembolism (VTE). The aim of our prospective, population based study was to investigate the association of a heart healthy diet on risk of myocardial infarction (MI) and ...
Guo Zhonghui - - 2012
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze the mutation spectrum of the JK-null phenotype in the Chinese population. The JK gene encoding the Kidd blood group antigen protein and JK*A/JK*B polymorphism caused by a G-to-A mutation at nt838 are well described. However, the molecular basis of the JK-null phenotype in Chinese ...
Gharsallah Houda - - 2012
AIM: To develop and evaluate an in house reverse hybridization technique for Chlamydia trachomatis genotype identification. METHODS AND RESULTS: The evaluation of the developed and optimized reverse hybridization method on reference strains showed the specific detection of all genotypes. This technique showed its ability to type one inclusion forming unit ...
Felton Edward J - - 2012
We present a pair-wise co-culturing technique that creates large numbers of heterotypic cell pairs in patterned arrays. Lithographic patterning produces arrays with thousands of traps, each designed to accommodate only two cells and confine them at these sites for co-culturing. Two variants are introduced: a random seeding method that sediments ...
Kim Jong-Hyun - - 2012
Malaria is a worldwide infectious disease. There are many diagnostic kits to detect malaria infection. However, the sensitivity of these diagnostic kits remains a problem. To develop a diagnostic kit for malaria that has high sensitivity, it is necessary to produce monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) with high affinity. The present study ...
Kamide Kei - - 2012
Pharmacogenomic studies aim to clarify the role of various genes and their variations in relation to the effects of antihypertensive drugs to establish a personalized pharmacotherapeutic treatment based on a patient's genetic background. Until recently, there have been numerous pharmacogenetic/pharmacogenomic studies on antihypertensive drugs using candidate genes, but only a ...
Garcia Erica C - - 2012
This study was carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of cabergoline in the treatment of nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPA), in a short-term follow-up period. Nineteen patients (10 men and 9 women) followed at the University Hospital of Brasilia and harboring nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas were enrolled in the study. Eleven patients ...
Giusti L - - 2012
An earlier survey of topsoil from parks and allotment in the city of Bristol (UK) revealed the presence of relatively high levels of "pseudo-total" Cd, As, Cu, Pb and Zn, with Cd and As exceeding present UK soil guidelines. This follow-up work aimed at (1) estimating geochemical thresholds for these ...
Ali J M - - 2012
PURPOSE: Acquired perineal hernias through the reconstructed pelvic floor can complicate radical pelvic operations including abdominoperineal resection of rectum. Operative intervention is indicated for symptomatic hernias. There is a lack of consensus as to the best operative technique. Here we present a novel method for repairing perineal herniation using saline-filled ...
Van Yperen-De Deyne A - - 2012
In this paper an overview is presented of several approximations within Density Functional Theory (DFT) to calculate g-tensors in transition metal containing systems and a new accurate description of the spin-other-orbit contribution for high spin systems is suggested. Various implementations in a broad variety of software packages (ORCA, ADF, Gaussian, ...
Abdel-Ghaffar Fathy - - 2012
In the present study, out of 200, 120 (60 %) Plectropomus maculates fish were found to be naturally infected with Kudoa sp. The infection was intensive and appeared as clusters of ovoid to ellipsoidal plasmodia being restricted to the cardiac muscles. More than 100 plasmodia were counted per infected heart and ...
Zhang Jing - - 2012
We have developed a cluster model of a TiO2 nanoparticle in the Dye Sensitized Solar Cell and used first principles quantum chemistry, coupled with a continuum solvation model, to compute structures and energetics of key electronic and structural intermediates and transition states. Our results suggest the existence of shallow surface ...
Kumari Ruma - - 2012
Serine/threonine protein kinases (STPKs) are predominantly involved in growth, development, division, differentiation, and in regulating immune responses in mycobacteria. A wide variety of functions of mycobacterial STPKs persuade mycobacterial growth and further its survival in the hosts. The polymorphic studies have shown that a full length gene of Rv3080c (pknK) ...
Kim J - - 2012
Increased red blood cell distribution width (RDW), which is a marker of anisocytosis, is associated with mortality and cardiovascular events in the general population and in patients with heart failure or coronary heart disease. We investigated whether RDW in acute cerebral infarction is predictive of functional outcome and mortality. A ...
Pepper Ian L - - 2012
AIM: This study evaluates the effect of surface application of dried Class A biosolids on microbial populations within copper mine tailings. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mine tailing sites were established at ASARCO Mission Mine close to Sahuarita Arizona. Site 1 (Dec. 1998) was amended with 248 tons ha(-1) of Class A ...
Tan Guo-Wei - - 2012
Previously, we developed an orthotopic xenograft model of human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) with high EGFR expression and invasiveness in Balb/c nu/nu nude mice. Now we also developed the same orthotopic xenograft model in transgenic nude mice with green fluorescent protein (GFP) expression. The present orthotopic xenografts labeled by phycoerythrin fluorescing ...
Tao Yi-Peng - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether IL-12A, IL-12B, IL-12Rβ1, and IL-27 gene polymorphisms and serum levels of IL-12, IL-27 are associated with esophageal cancer. METHODS: We genotyped IL-12A gene rs568408, IL-12B gene rs3212227, IL-12Rβ1 gene 378 C/G, IL-27 gene rs153109, rs17855750, and rs181206 polymorphisms in a ...
Amend Bastian - - 2012
Study Type - Therapy (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) is an effective treatment option of different pelvic-related dysfunctions. SNM evaluation by either temporary or permanent electrodes is generally accepted. Extended testing with temporary electrodes has been ...
Parshikov Igor A - - 2012
Pyridine, quinoline, acridine, indole, carbazole, and other heterocyclic nitrogen-containing compounds (azaarenes) can be transformed by cultures of bacteria and fungi to produce a variety of new derivatives, many of which have biological activity. In many cases, the microbial biotransformation processes are regio- and stereoselective so that the transformation products may ...
Grinnell Frederick - - 2012
Science traditionally is taught as a linear process based on logic and carried out by objective researchers following the scientific method. Practice of science is a far more nuanced enterprise, one in which intuition and passion become just as important as objectivity and logic. Whether the activity is committing to ...
Chihara Dai - - 2012
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a peripheral T cell neoplasm that is associated with infection by the human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-1). Although the high incidence of ATLL in HTLV-1-endemic areas is well known, population-based evidence concerning the incidence of ATLL in non-endemic areas is scarce. To answer ...
Bastaits Kim - - 2012
Research suggests that high parental support and control improves children's well-being. However, a large part of these studies have focused on the parenting of married parents. Research on parenting after a divorce, mainly has focused on parenting of divorced mothers, with few exceptions concentrating primarily on non-residential fathers. Therefore, we ...
Rind Bruce - - 2012
Blanchard et al. (2009) demonstrated that hebephilia is a genuine sexual preference, but then proposed, without argument or evidence, that it should be designated as a mental disorder in the DSM-5. A series of Letters-to-the-Editor criticized this proposal as a non sequitur. Blanchard (2009), in rebuttal, reaffirmed his position, but ...
Piperno Silvia - - 2012
Dr Williams (AIP Adv., 2012, 2, 010701) suggested that cleaning Teflon by high pressure oxygen plasma may have affected our result that Cu(2+) and Pd(2+) ions can be absorbed but not chemically reduced by a Teflon surface rubbed by PMMA (Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2012, 14, 5551). In response, we ...
Mahan C E - - 2012
Healthcare reform is upon the United States (US) healthcare system. Prioritisation of preventative efforts will guide necessary transitions within the US healthcare system. While annual deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) costs have recently been defined at the US national level, annual pulmonary embolism (PE) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) costs have not yet ...
Mantha S - - 2012
New oral anticoagulant drugs are emerging as alternatives to warfarin for the prevention of stroke in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Two agents are direct factor Xa inhibitors (rivaroxaban and apixaban), and the third is a direct thrombin inhibitor (dabigatran). They have been separately compared to warfarin in large randomised ...
Dajani Rana - - 2012
The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide and exhibits variation among ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to estimate and compare the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components between two ethnic groups (Circassians and Chechens) in Jordan and the original inhabitants of Jordan. Data were collected ...
Ebrahimi Kourosh Honarmand - - 2012
Storage of iron in a nontoxic and bioavailable form is essential for many forms of life. Three subfamilies of the ferritin-like superfamily, namely, ferritin, bacterioferritin, and Dps (DNA-binding proteins from starved cells), are able to store iron. Although the function of these iron-storage proteins is constitutive to many organisms to ...
Knebel Birgit - - 2012
Patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) suffer, in addition to reproductive disturbances, from symptoms of the metabolic syndrome like insulin resistance, elevated coronary risk and visceral obesity. Genes with confirmed associations to the metabolic syndrome are also candidate genes for a relationship to metabolic parameters of the PCOS syndrome. The ...
Aminzadeh Fariba - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Pre-term delivery is a mostly unknown frequent disorder worldwide. This project aimed to investigate the circulating levels of CXCL12 (SDF-1) and CXCL10 (IP-10) in cord blood of term and pre-term delivered fetuses and their corresponding mothers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cord and peripheral blood samples were collected from ...
Abit Sergio M - - 2012
The effects of biochar feedstock, pyrolysis temperature, and application rate (1 and 2 %) on the transport of two Escherichia coli isolates through a fine sand soil under water-saturated and partially saturated conditions were investigated in column experiments. Biochars from two feedstocks (poultry litter and pine chips) and pyrolyzed at ...
Sun Yeping - - 2012
Dynamin, a large guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase), has been implicated in virus entry, but its mechanisms of action are controversial. The entry procedure of most enveloped viruses involves endocytosis and membrane fusion. Dynamin has been suggested to act both as a regulatory GTPase by controlling the early stages of clathrin-mediated endocytosis ...
Yamamoto Sunao - - 2012
A 62-year-old woman was diagnosed with severe osteomalacia caused by renal tubular acidosis associated with Sjögren's syndrome. She was treated with sodium bicarbonate, risedronate, alfacalcidol, and prednisolone (1 mg/kg). By 24 months, renal tubular acidosis was improved and the bone density had normalized. Here we report the successful amelioration of bone lesions ...
Barbesier Marie - - 2012
Subclavian artery dissection is usually associated with coexisting aortic disease. Isolated and spontaneous acute subclavian artery dissection is uncommon and rarely reported. In addition, no case of left subclavian artery dissection during pregnancy and early puerperium has been described. We report the autopsy case of a 24-year-old female who died ...
Abenavoli Ludovico - - 2012
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has recently been recognized as the leading cause of the abnormalities in the liver function tests in the Western countries. Celiac disease (CD) is a permanent immunological intolerance to gluten proteins in genetically predisposed individuals. CD has been reported in 4-13 % of the cases with ...
Chen Jyh-Chien - - 2012
A p-biquinodimethane species formed during the Gilch polymerization of an extremely twisted biphenyl monomer has been identified by in situ(1)H-NMR spectroscopy for the first time. From the identification of chain ends, we conclude that the chain growth during Gilch polymerization of biphenyl type monomers is both radical and anionic in ...
Lecheminant J D - - 2012
This study assessed the effect of resistance training (RT) in 60 healthy postpartum women. Participants were randomized to 18 weeks of RT or an active comparison group (flexibility training). RT and flexibility training (FT) exercises were completed twice-weekly based on the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. Study outcomes included ...
Baraldi Pier Giovanni - - 2012
Cannabinoid receptor agonists have gained attention as potential therapeutic targets of inflammatory and neuropathic pain. Here, we report the identification and optimization of a series of 7-oxo-[1,4]oxazino[2,3,4-ij]quinoline-6-carboxamide derivatives as a novel chemotype of selective cannabinoid CB2 receptor agonists. Structural modifications led to the identification of several compounds as potent and ...
Sirati Nir Masoud - - 2012
Recognition of the spiritual experiences of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder may be helpful in their rehabilitation. Accordingly, the present study has been carried out to determine the spiritual experiences of Iranian Muslim warriors who suffer from the previously mentioned disorder. In this qualitative study, 22 patients were selected using ...
Karbach Julia - - 2012
The synthetic oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) CpG 7909, which contains unmethylated cytosine/guanine (CpG) motifs, has potent immunostimulatory effects when co-administered with NY-ESO-1 peptides or recombinant NY-ESO-1 protein, resulting in an enhanced cellular and humoral immune response against the vaccine antigen. In this study, we report the development of anti-CpG ODN antibodies in ...
Timm K - - 2012
The perceived skin feel during and after application of skin care products is highly important to the consumer and therefore to cosmetic formulators. Powder particles are commonly incorporated in cosmetic formulations to improve their sensory properties. Although a large variety of cosmetic powders is available, it is presently uncertain how ...
Bedini Andrea - - 2012
Anthraquinone-2-sulphonate (AQ2S) is a triplet sensitiser that has recently been used to model the photoreactivity of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM). We show that the photolysis quantum yield of AQ2S under UVA irradiation varies from (3.4 ± 0.2) × 10(-3) at μM AQ2S levels to (1.8 ± 0.1) × 10(-2) ...
Bowen Jennifer L - - 2012
Much of the phylogenetic diversity in microbial systems arises from rare taxa that comprise the long tail of taxon rank distribution curves. This vast diversity presents a challenge to testing hypotheses about the effects of perturbations on microbial community composition because variability of rare taxa among environmental replicates may be ...
Ikuno Yasushi - - 2012
To compare the effect of a reduced concentration (1.25 %) of povidone-iodine (PI) eye drops, combined with 0.5 % topical levofloxacin (LVFX), with that of the standard of care (5 % PI) on conjunctival flora before intravitreal injections (IVT). A prospective, randomized, single-blind clinical trial. One hundred eyes from 100 ...
Schneppendahl Johannes - - 2012
The aim of our study was to investigate trends over time in the mortality of elderly patients after femoral neck fractures treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty. Altogether 487 cases of femoral neck fracture treated with bipolar hemiarthroplasty were observed during a 20-year period. Mortality rates were calculated for five years postoperatively. ...
Yang Min - - 2012
Transcription of a pre-mRNA in eukaryotic cells elongates from the 5' to the 3' end, but intron removal during a pre-mRNA splicing does not always proceed in this orientation. In this study, we identified eight mouse p53 transcripts that retained one or more of introns 6, 7 and 8. The ...
Squires James E JE Pediatric Liver Care Center, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, - - 2013
To highlight the rare yet devastating complication of CMV retinitis in a minimally immunosuppressed patient eight yr after liver transplantation for biliary atresia. A 22-yr-old female status-post deceased donor liver transplant at age 13 secondary to biliary atresia receiving single agent immunosuppression presented with acute, unilateral, profound decrease in visual ...
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