Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 4233
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Tomac Zvonimir - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Tomac, Z, Hraski, Z, and Sporis, G. The assessment of preschool children's motor skills after familiarization with motor tests. J Strength Cond Res 26(7): 1792-1798, 2012-This research study was conducted to establish the influence of familiarization on the information component of movement in a motor task for the assessment ...
Nassar Lara - - 2012
Anatomical variations of the digestive system arteries are important due to their clinical significance. However, anomalies in the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) are the least common compared with the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery. This report describes the case of a 67-year-old man with an extremely rare variant in ...
Koo Jenn Hian - - 2012
The rapid increase in the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Asia-Pacific region in the past decade has resulted in recommendations to implement mass CRC screening programs. However, the knowledge of screening and population screening behaviors between countries is largely lacking. This multicenter, international study investigated the association of ...
Joller Nicole - - 2012
A number of autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis, are mediated by self-reactive T cells that have escaped the deletional mechanisms of central tolerance. Usually, these T cells are kept at bay through peripheral tolerance mechanisms, including regulation through coinhibitory receptors and suppression by regulatory T cells. However, if these mechanisms ...
Liyanage Sidath E - - 2012
To develop a systematic method for quantifying pretreatment adjustments to the treatment sphere in patients having myopic wavefront laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Comparative case series. Preoperative and 3-month postoperative data from consecutive cases of myopic wavefront LASIK (<10.0 diopters [D] sphere; <4.5 D ...
Durall Christopher J - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Durall, CJ, Greene, PF, and Kernozek, TW. A comparison of two isometric tests of trunk flexor endurance. J Strength Cond Res 26(7): 1939-1944, 2012-This study was performed to determine the test-retest reliability and the relationship between 2 tests of trunk flexor muscular endurance-a prone bridge and a modified V-sit. ...
Minichiello Victor - - 2012
This paper reviews the evidence concerning the epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) with a particular focus on older people. Evidence from North America, Australia, China and Korea clearly shows increasing rates of many STIs in the population group aged 50 years and older. Similar changes are identified in three ...
Meen Oystein - - 2012
Abstract Background. Fast platelet function tests can identify weak clopidogrel responders, but data on variability over time in clopidogrel responsiveness in several clinical settings are lacking. We wanted to explore long-term variability of multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) measurements and the agreement between MEA and light transmission aggregometry (LTA) in patients ...
Rahimi Kazem - - 2012
The growing prevalence of heart failure and the cost associated with its management has become a major burden for most health care systems worldwide.We review the evidence from randomized studies of innovative models of care delivery for patients with heart failure, refer to some of the most influential non-randomized studies, ...
Cremonese Cleber - - 2012
Brazil is the world's largest consumer of pesticides. Epidemiological studies have shown an association between maternal exposure to pesticides and adverse pregnancy events. An ecological study was conducted to investigate potential relations between per capita pesticide consumption and adverse events in live born infants in micro-regions in the South of ...
Didomenico Lawrence A - - 2012
End-stage ankle arthritis is a debilitating condition that leads to pain and swelling in the ankle joint, with symptoms aggravated by standing and ambulation. Ankle arthritis commonly results from a history of trauma, or a series of recurrent injuries to the ankle. However, it may develop from other causes such ...
Meguro Toshinari - - 2012
A 70-year-old man presented with a rare case of a dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) at the cranial vault manifesting as headache. Cerebral angiography disclosed that multiple feeding arteries were immediately draining into the right parietal cortical vein without communication to the superior sagittal sinus, and this dAVF was classified as ...
Sadaka Basma - - 2012
Antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) is a major risk factor for graft loss following kidney transplantation. Traditional anti-humoral therapies provide suboptimal therapy and they do not deplete plasma cells, which are the source of antibody production. Proteasome inhibitors (PI) have been shown to deplete both transformed and nontransformed plasma cells in human ...
Mi Xue-Song - - 2012
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), synthesized in vascular endothelial cells, is a potent vasoconstrictor. ET-1-related vascular abnormality has been known to be important in the pathogenesis of glaucoma, especially in normal tension glaucoma. However, the long-term effect of increased vascular ET-1 on the retinal tissue is still unclear. The mice with overexpression of ...
Kazandi Mert - - 2012
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is one of the most common severe autosomal recessive genetic disorders, characterized primarily by chronic obstructive lung disease and maldigestion disorder. The disease is caused by mutations in the CF transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Here we present a case of a fetus with hyperechogenic bowel, in ...
Figueiroa José Natal - - 2012
Linear regression models with random intercepts were used to describe the evolution in stature among residents in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2006, born from 1945 onward. From 1947 to 1987, yearly height gain was 0.23cm in adult men and 0.15cm in women. In relation to World Health Organization standard values ...
Ono Takahiro - - 2012
We reported an extremely rare case of cerebellar hemangioblastoma with marked pleomorphism and reviewed the literature. A 68-year-old male presented with a one-month history of headache and vomiting. Neurological examination revealed right-sided dysmetria and truncal ataxia. Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging revealed a heterogeneously enhancing tumor with solid and cystic components ...
Driscoll James J - - 2012
The ubiquitin+proteasome system (UPS) is a highly complex network that maintains protein homeostasis and cell viability through the selective turnover of targeted substrates. The proteasome serves as the catalytic core of the UPS to recognize and execute the coordinated and efficient removal of ubiquitinated proteins. Pharmacologic inhibitors that exploit the ...
Silva Aline Gaudard E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether intimate partner physical violence is a risk factor for late initiation of childcare in primary healthcare units (PHCU). This cross-sectional study included 927 mothers and their infants less than six months of age seen at 27 PHCU in Rio de Janeiro, ...
Webb Emily L EL London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom. - - 2012
To investigate the effect of helminth infections and their treatment during pregnancy on HIV load, we conducted a 2 × 2 factorial randomized controlled trial of albendazole versus placebo and praziquantel versus placebo in pregnant women in Entebbe, Uganda. Two hundred sixty-four HIV-infected pregnant women from the Entebbe Mother and ...
Hagner Michael - - 2012
In 1870, Eduard Hitzig and Gustav Fritsch performed experiments on dogs by which they were able to produce movement through electrical stimulation of specific parts of the cerebral cortex. Contemporaries regarded the experiment as a milestone in the controversially discussed issue of cerebral localization of functions even though this experiment ...
Bouquot Jerry E - - 2012
To evaluate the association between facial pain and maxillofacial scintigraphy. A total of 117 patients with idiopathic facial pain (IFP) (88% females; average age = 46.7 years) underwent 99mTc-MDP scans, as did 32 age-matched controls. Pearson χ(2) analysis was used to determine associations. Of subject quadrants, 63% were painful (average ...
Nascimento Luiz Fernando Costa - - 2012
Some effects of environmental pollution on human health are known, especially those affecting the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. The current study aimed to estimate these effects on the production of hospital admissions for stroke. This was an ecological study using hospital admissions data in São José dos Campos, São Paulo ...
Stanford Royden - - 2012
We report on a 79-year-old man with a chronic venous stasis ulceration of >20 years' duration in the left medial leg presenting to our clinic after admission for bleeding and suspected infection of his ulceration. This lesion had been biopsied in 1999 and was found to be a benign, chronic venous ...
Xian Lingling L Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2012
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), the most abundant growth factor in the bone matrix, maintains bone mass in adulthood. We now report that IGF-1 released from the bone matrix during bone remodeling stimulates osteoblastic differentiation of recruited mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) by activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), thus ...
Alexander Kenneth A - - 2012
The human papillomavirus (HPV) causes more than 99% of all cervical cancers (see Am J Med Resource Center: http://supplements.amjmed.com/2011/HPV/). Exposure to HPV infections occurs in a high proportion of the overall population; however, 2 safe and effective vaccines, HPV2 and HPV4, are approved for the prevention of HPV-16 and HPV-18 ...
Bogni Serge - - 2012
Complete closure of gastrotomy is the linchpin of safe natural orifice transgastric endoscopic surgery. To evaluate feasibility and efficacy of a new method of gastrotomy closure by using a sutureless laser tissue-soldering (LTS) technique in an ex vivo porcine stomach. In vitro experiment. Experimental laboratory. Histological analysis and internal and ...
Mayo Lior - - 2012
Demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis are chronic inflammatory autoimmune diseases with a heterogeneous clinical presentation and course. Both the adaptive and the innate immune systems have been suggested to contribute to their pathogenesis and recovery. In this review, we discuss the role of the innate immune system in mediating ...
Holladay Jack T - - 2012
To determine the cause of negative dysphotopsia and the location, appearance, and relative intensity of such images in pseudophakic eyes. Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA. Reporting available data addressing a specific clinical question. Negative dysphotopsia was simulated using the Zemax optical design program. The nominal values for the ...
Merat Shahin - - 2012
Many clinical trials and natural history studies on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) rely heavily on liver histology to define their endpoints. There are many indications that the liver is not uniformly involved in NAFLD thus sampling error is a major concern. This study aims to ...
Osanai Toshiya - - 2012
Preoperative embolization for hypervascular tumors is typically performed using particle agents such as polyvinyl alcohol, gelfoam powder, and fibrin glue. Furthermore, n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) is used in patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) or an AV shunt. However, few reports have described the efficacy of NBCA in treating hypervascular tumors. Here, ...
Kapoor Prashant - - 2012
Bortezomib was approved for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) in 2003. Since then several bortezomib-based combination therapies have emerged. Although some combinations have been preceded by preclinical investigations, most have followed the inevitable process in which active (or potentially active) drugs are combined with each other to create new ...
Johnen Sandra - - 2012
Subretinal transplantation of retinal (RPE) or iris (IPE) pigment epithelial cells has been advocated as a treatment for retinal degeneration. However, to our knowledge, in patients with age-related macular degeneration no significant beneficial effects on vision have been shown. Since the transplanted cells did not appear to maintain a healthy ...
Bal Simerpreet - - 2012
Introduction: Lack of additional utility over non-contract computed tomography (NCCT) in decision making and delay in door to needle time are arguments used against routine computed tomographic angiography (CTA) use in acute ischemic stroke management. We compare interval times during a CTA based acute ischemic stroke protocol with an earlier ...
Chaurasia Sunita - - 2012
To analyze the outcomes of post-cataract surgery descemetopexy for Descemet membrane detachment using intracameral air injection. Cornea Department, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India. Interventional case series. The clinical data of patients who had descemetopexy from August 2010 to February 2011 for Descemet membrane detachment after cataract surgery using intracameral ...
Looman Wendy S - - 2012
Non-synostotic deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is head asymmetry that results from external forces that mold the skull in the first year of life. Primary care providers are most likely to encounter DP when infants present for well-child care, and for this reason it is important that providers be competent in assessing, ...
Lin Song S Department of Cardiology, Nanjing Medical University Affiliated Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing, - - 2012
To determine whether isometric exercise increases collateral flow in remote ischaemic myocardium in acute coronary occlusion models of patients with coronary artery disease. A randomized controlled study. Sixty-five patients with 1-vessel coronary artery disease. Subjects were randomly assigned to either the isometric exercise group or non-exercise group. Patients in the ...
Ranney Nathaniel N Division of Gastroenterology-Hepatology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2012
Few studies have evaluated the impact of biliary stents on EUS-guided FNA. To compare diagnostic yield of EUS-FNA in patients with or without biliary stents. Retrospective study. Tertiary referral center. Patients with obstructive jaundice secondary to solid pancreatic mass lesions who underwent EUS-FNA over 5 years. The primary objective was ...
Gold Maike - - 2012
Summary:  In this article, we review the current knowledge on pathological and physiological autoantibodies directed toward structures in the central nervous system (CNS) with an emphasis on their regulation and origin. Pathological autoantibodies in the CNS that are associated with autoimmunity often lead to severe neurological deficits via inflammatory processes ...
Purtsi Jarno - - 2012
This study describes the motor-learning process of older individuals during the course of a training intervention on a motor-driven eccentric bicycle ergometer. Seventeen women and 16 men (64 ± 6 yr) took part in a 10-wk training program. Uniformity of force production and consistency of timing were used to describe ...
Guilbert Emmanuel - - 2012
To evaluate agreement in central corneal thickness (CCT), keratometry, and anterior and posterior elevation map measurements in normal corneas between a combined Placido-Scheimpflug system and a combined Placido-scanning-slit elevation topography system. Department of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, Rothschild Foundation, Paris, France. Evaluation of diagnostic test or technology. Measurements were performed ...
Högström Gabriel M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Högström, GM, Pietilä, T, Nordström, P, and Nordström, A. Body composition and performance: influence of sport and gender among adolescents. J Strength Cond Res 26(7): 1799-1804, 2012-Body composition is well known to be associated with endurance performance among adult skiers; however, the association among adolescent crosscountry and alpine skiers ...
Fu Guo-Xiang - - 2012
Aims: To assess the relationship between carotid flow velocity and cognitive impairment in patients with mild-moderate (<50%) carotid artery disease. Methods: We studied 407 participants with available carotid ultrasound and cognitive measures. We related peak systolic velocity (PSV) and end diastolic velocity (EDV) of internal carotid artery (ICA) and common ...
Attfield Kathrine E - - 2012
Summary:  Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling autoimmune disease of the central nervous system, which affects approximately 0.1% of the population with variable degrees of severity. Disease susceptibility is jointly determined by genetic predisposition and environmental contribution. However, as only a handful of genetic risk factors have been investigated beyond ...
Colin Joseph - - 2012
To evaluate the incidence of glistenings in a large series of consecutive eyes with a blue light-filtering hydrophobic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) and the relationship with parameters such as age, sex, follow-up length, and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA). Service d'Ophtalmologie, Centre Hospitalier et Universitaire Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France. Cross-sectional study. ...
Hertroijs Dorijn D Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of undernutrition in patients in Dutch rehabilitation centres and to measure the diagnostic accuracy of available screening tools. This cross-sectional multicentre study was conducted in 11 rehabilitation centres in The Netherlands. Patient's nutritional status was determined by the amount of ...
Fekete Christine - - 2012
Participation in physical activity (PA) decreases after the onset of a spinal cord injury (SCI) and is generally low in persons with SCI. To provide an overview of findings on correlates/determinants of PA in persons with SCI applying the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to analyze and ...
Tamargo Juan - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and an important cause of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality. A myriad of drugs can induce AF. However, drug-induced AF (DIAF) receives little attention. Thus, this review is an attempt to attract the attention on this adverse effect. Published reports of drug-induced AF ...
Shvartsbeyn Marianna - - 2012
Background: Mutation in the folliculin gene in Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome leads to a spectrum of benign tumors of the hair follicle, classically including both fibrofolliculoma and trichodiscoma. In addition, lesions clinically indistinguishable from fibrofolliculoma/ trichodiscoma may show histopathologic findings of perifollicular fibroma or angiofibroma. Although some consider perifollicular fibroma to ...
Sihawong Rattaporn R Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, - - 2012
To examine whether the incidences of neck and low-back symptoms were elevated during the severe floods that occurred in Bangkok, Thailand in 2011, and to explore flood-related risk factors for neck and low-back symptoms. Prospective cohort design. Severe flooding occurred in Bangkok and surrounding neighbourhoods between October and December, 2011. ...
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