Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 4233
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Inder Kerry J - - 2012
Background: In Australia, rural areas have higher proportions of older persons than metropolitan areas, where ageing poses many challenges related to social isolation, reduced mobility, more chronic disease and comorbidity, greater socio-economic disadvantage, limited access to services, and economic restructuring. Although Australian national data indicate an age-dependent decline in the ...
Aldrimer Mattias - - 2012
Abstract Pediatric reference intervals for thyroid hormones, prolactin and lipids are of high clinical importance as deviations might indicate diseases with serious consequences. In general, previous reference intervals are hampered by the inclusion of only hospital-based populations of children and adolescents. The study included 694 children, evenly distributed from 6 ...
Figueiroa José Natal - - 2012
Linear regression models with random intercepts were used to describe the evolution in stature among residents in Pernambuco State, Brazil, in 2006, born from 1945 onward. From 1947 to 1987, yearly height gain was 0.23cm in adult men and 0.15cm in women. In relation to World Health Organization standard values ...
Ono Takahiro - - 2012
We reported an extremely rare case of cerebellar hemangioblastoma with marked pleomorphism and reviewed the literature. A 68-year-old male presented with a one-month history of headache and vomiting. Neurological examination revealed right-sided dysmetria and truncal ataxia. Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging revealed a heterogeneously enhancing tumor with solid and cystic components ...
Driscoll James J - - 2012
The ubiquitin+proteasome system (UPS) is a highly complex network that maintains protein homeostasis and cell viability through the selective turnover of targeted substrates. The proteasome serves as the catalytic core of the UPS to recognize and execute the coordinated and efficient removal of ubiquitinated proteins. Pharmacologic inhibitors that exploit the ...
Curcio Gabriele - - 2012
Benign postoperative anastomotic strictures after hepaticojejunostomy are difficult to manage. Before interventional techniques were developed, surgical intervention was the only option for treatment. A 28-year-old man underwent Whipple procedure with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy for abdominal trauma. Two years later, a late anastomotic biliary stricture was diagnosed. A percutaneous cholangiography showed a ...
Deb Sanchali - - 2012
Gastric stimulation via high-frequency, low-energy pulses can provide an effective treatment for gastric dysmotility; however, the current commercially available device requires surgical implantation for long-term stimulation and is powered by a nonrechargeable battery. To test and describe endoscopic implantation techniques and testing of stimulation of a novel, wireless, batteryless, gastric ...
Esseltine Dixie-Lee - - 2012
The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) and associated signaling pathways are regarded today as an exciting area of development for novel therapeutics. However, two decades ago, following the discovery and elucidation of ubiquitin and the 26S proteasome as key mediators of protein turnover, the concept of inhibiting the UPS was not even ...
Gontijo Mônica de Fátima Mde - - 2012
Concern over the harmful effects of drug use by the elderly has motivated studies aimed at identifying problems in such utilization. This was a household survey with retirees aged > 60 years living in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 2003, who reported having a diagnosis of diabetes and/or ...
Holm Janson - - 2012
The medial femoral condyle vascularized bone flap has a high success rate in published literature regarding its use in nonunions and avascular necrosis of the upper and lower extremities. It is reported to have minimal donor site morbidity and the ability to provide structural support and torsional strength to load-bearing ...
Durocher Joan - - 2012
The United States invests billions of taxpayer dollars each year into foreign assistance programs that foster international diplomacy and development directed toward improving the quality of life for people around the world. These programs develop economies and combat poverty, promote democracy and governance, build new infrastructure, advance and protect human ...
Pult Heiko - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To assess the warming and humidifying effect and ocular safety of the Blephasteam® eyelid-warming device vs. warm and moist compresses in healthy volunteers. METHODS.: Twenty subjects (8 females, 12 males; mean age 39.2 years) were included in the study. Temperature and relative humidity were measured over a period of ...
Jeong Jae Yoon - - 2012
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an effective treatment of early gastric tumors, but submucosal fibrosis can be an obstacle to successful ESD. To examine the association between endoscopic and pathologic factors and submucosal fibrosis in early gastric tumors, and to measure the association between degree of submucosal fibrosis and outcomes ...
Diamond Betty - - 2012
Summary:  Systemic lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease characterized by antibodies that bind target autoantigens in multiple organs in the body. In peripheral organs, immune complexes engage the complement cascade, recruiting blood-borne inflammatory cells and initiating tissue inflammation. Immune complex-mediated activation of Fc receptors on infiltrating blood-borne cells and tissue ...
Swartz Ann M - - 2012
The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between sedentary behavior (SB), physical activity (PA), and body fat (total, abdominal) or body size (body-mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC]) in community-dwelling adults 50 yr old and over. This study included 232 ambulatory adults (50-87 yr, 37.4% ± 9.6% ...
Behndig Anders - - 2012
To assess and analyze refractive outcome after cataract surgery in Sweden from 2008 though 2010. Swedish cataract surgery units participating in outcome registration of National Cataract Register. Cohort study. Planned and actual postoperative refractions were analyzed for cataract procedures and preoperative and postoperative corneal astigmatism for procedures performed in 2008 though ...
Tomac Zvonimir - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Tomac, Z, Hraski, Z, and Sporis, G. The assessment of preschool children's motor skills after familiarization with motor tests. J Strength Cond Res 26(7): 1792-1798, 2012-This research study was conducted to establish the influence of familiarization on the information component of movement in a motor task for the assessment ...
Nassar Lara - - 2012
Anatomical variations of the digestive system arteries are important due to their clinical significance. However, anomalies in the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) are the least common compared with the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery. This report describes the case of a 67-year-old man with an extremely rare variant in ...
Aoki Hiroshi - - 2012
Purpose: There is no standard therapy for elderly patients with high-grade glioma. We have adopted short course radiotherapy for such patients since 2005. The efficacy of this therapy was assessed retrospectively. Methods: This study reviewed 16 newly diagnosed high-grade glioma patients aged 75 years or older who were treated with ...
García-Lázaro Santiago - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To assess and compare the effects of contact-lens based artificial pupil design and monovision correction on visual performance. METHODS.: In a cross-over study design, 22 presbyopic patients (age range 50 to 64 years) were evaluated using artificial pupil contact lens on the non-dominant eye and monovision. After 1 month, ...
Moura Yone Gonçalves de - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate factors associated to frequent and heavy drug use among street children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years. A sample of 2,807 street children and adolescents from the 27 Brazilian state capital cities was analyzed. A World Health Organization questionnaire for non-students ...
Koehler Peter J - - 2012
It is well known that Fritsch and Hitzig published the results of their experiments on cortical stimulation in 1870, the year in which the Franco-Prussian War (FPW) broke out. Several tall stories are found about Hitzig's role in the FPW; stories that have not been well documented. During this war, ...
Gallo Camila B - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the local and systemic expression of CC-chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3) and its receptors (CCR1 and CCR5) in tissue samples and peripheral blood mononuclear cells of recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) patients. This case-control study enrolled 29 patients presenting severe RAS manifestations and 20 ...
Osanai Toshiya - - 2012
Preoperative embolization for hypervascular tumors is typically performed using particle agents such as polyvinyl alcohol, gelfoam powder, and fibrin glue. Furthermore, n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) is used in patients with cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM) or an AV shunt. However, few reports have described the efficacy of NBCA in treating hypervascular tumors. Here, ...
Johnen Sandra - - 2012
Subretinal transplantation of retinal (RPE) or iris (IPE) pigment epithelial cells has been advocated as a treatment for retinal degeneration. However, to our knowledge, in patients with age-related macular degeneration no significant beneficial effects on vision have been shown. Since the transplanted cells did not appear to maintain a healthy ...
Ramalho Alanderson Alves - - 2012
This cross-sectional study with university students examined the prevalence of regular consumption of fruits and vegetables and associated factors among students at a Federal university in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil. 863 undergraduates were interviewed in 2010. Overall prevalence of regular consumption of fruits and vegetables was 14.8%. Factors associated ...
Uiterwijk Anouk - - 2012
Although meningitis was not yet known as such, its symptoms have been conceptualized in different ways and many theories about its causes have been formulated in the course of time. Terms like hydrocephalus and brain fever were used for different clinical manifestations of what today would be recognized as meningitis. ...
Simões Vanda Maria Ferreira - - 2012
We used body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) as fat indicators to assess whether perinatal and early adulthood factors are associated with adiposity in early adulthood. We hypothesized that risk factors differ between men and women and are also different when WC is used for measuring adiposity as ...
Baumeister Alan A - - 2012
Research on the neurobiology and pharmacotherapy of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has grown exponentially since 1980. A reasonable question is whether this research has improved our understanding and treatment of ADHD. This article describes relevant developments that took place roughly between 1900 and 1970. During this time, the efficacy of stimulant ...
Severini Janete Mary Baaclini Galante - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dental anomalies in individuals with Richieri-Costa-Pereira syndrome. A total of 13 individuals with Richieri-Costa-Pereira syndrome who were older than 8 years with at least 1 available panoramic radiograph were assessed. Dental anomalies were evaluated clinically and radiographically and classified ...
McGinnigle Samantha - - 2012
Dry eye is a common yet complex condition. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors can cause dysfunction of the lids, lacrimal glands, meibomian glands, ocular surface cells, or neural network. These problems would ultimately be expressed at the tear film-ocular surface interface. The manifestations of these problems are experienced as symptoms such ...
Bal Simerpreet - - 2012
Introduction: Lack of additional utility over non-contract computed tomography (NCCT) in decision making and delay in door to needle time are arguments used against routine computed tomographic angiography (CTA) use in acute ischemic stroke management. We compare interval times during a CTA based acute ischemic stroke protocol with an earlier ...
Chaurasia Sunita - - 2012
To analyze the outcomes of post-cataract surgery descemetopexy for Descemet membrane detachment using intracameral air injection. Cornea Department, LV Prasad Eye Institute, Hyderabad, India. Interventional case series. The clinical data of patients who had descemetopexy from August 2010 to February 2011 for Descemet membrane detachment after cataract surgery using intracameral ...
Looman Wendy S - - 2012
Non-synostotic deformational plagiocephaly (DP) is head asymmetry that results from external forces that mold the skull in the first year of life. Primary care providers are most likely to encounter DP when infants present for well-child care, and for this reason it is important that providers be competent in assessing, ...
Silva Aline Gaudard E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether intimate partner physical violence is a risk factor for late initiation of childcare in primary healthcare units (PHCU). This cross-sectional study included 927 mothers and their infants less than six months of age seen at 27 PHCU in Rio de Janeiro, ...
Hagner Michael - - 2012
In 1870, Eduard Hitzig and Gustav Fritsch performed experiments on dogs by which they were able to produce movement through electrical stimulation of specific parts of the cerebral cortex. Contemporaries regarded the experiment as a milestone in the controversially discussed issue of cerebral localization of functions even though this experiment ...
Bouquot Jerry E - - 2012
To evaluate the association between facial pain and maxillofacial scintigraphy. A total of 117 patients with idiopathic facial pain (IFP) (88% females; average age = 46.7 years) underwent 99mTc-MDP scans, as did 32 age-matched controls. Pearson χ(2) analysis was used to determine associations. Of subject quadrants, 63% were painful (average ...
Ferreira-Da-Silva Andre Luis - - 2012
Budget impact analysis (BIA) provides operational financial forecasts to implement new technologies in healthcare systems. There were no previous specific recommendations to conduct such analyses in Brazil. This paper reviews BIA methods for health technologies and proposes BIA guidelines for the public and private Brazilian healthcare system. The following recommendations ...
Kernbach Klaus J - - 2012
In cases of painful complex hammertoe deformity, there is no single approach that can be used in all circumstances. If conservative care fails, surgical management may include interphalangeal joint arthroplasty, arthrodesis, and/or plantar plate repair. The best and most pragmatic surgical plan must be patient-centered, taking the age, activity level, ...
Cusati Daniel - - 2012
The surgical treatment of metastatic, nonfunctional pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinoma (nPNEC) is not well defined. Existing series are confounded by inclusion of patients with metastatic functional tumors or gastrointestinal carcinoid. Our hypothesis was that the surgical treatment of metastatic nPNEC provides favorable perioperative and oncologic outcomes. We performed a retrospective review ...
Yamasaki Fumiyuki - - 2012
Objectives: In the absence of guidelines on the use of corticosteroids in children with cancer and brain tumors, neurosurgeons (neurosurgical oncologists) and pediatricians administer these drugs based on their own experience. We surveyed Japanese neurosurgeons and pediatricians with regard to their policies for the use of corticosteroids in pediatric patients. ...
Codeço Cláudia Torres - - 2012
This study describes the main features of pandemic influenza A (H1N1) in Brazil during 2009. Brazil is a large country that extends roughly from latitudes 5ºN to 34ºS. Brazil has tropical and sub-tropical climates, a heterogeneous population distribution, and intense urbanization in the southern portions of the country and along ...
Hersh Ian R - - 2012
The standard incisional approaches for ankle and subtalar joint surgery include the medial, lateral, or anterior. However, in patients with a history of traumatic injuries or previous surgery, in which the soft tissues of the foot and ankle have been compromised, a direct midline posterior approach might be preferable. The ...
Choon Siew-Eng - - 2012
: Conidiobolomycosis (also known as rhinoentomophthoramycosis) is a rare cutaneous/mucosal fungal infection seen mainly in the tropical rain forest regions of the world that can be associated with disfiguring facial elephantiasis, and rarely, death. : To present an exemplary case report and perform a systematic review of the world's literature ...
Alfadhel Majid - - 2012
Background: Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy (PDE) is characterized by neonatal epileptic encepahalopathy responsive to pharmacological doses of vitamin B6. Recently an autosomal recessive deficiency in Antiquitin (ALDH7A1), a gene involved in the catabolism of lysine has been identified as the underlying cause. Case report: In 21 and 23 year-old sisters, who ...
van Heel Nicole C M - - 2012
Self-expanding metal stents (SEMSs) provide effective palliation in patients with malignant dysphagia. However, although life expectancy is generally limited, reintervention rates because of stent dysfunction are significant. New SEMSs are being designed to overcome this drawback. To investigate whether the results of SEMS placement could be improved with a new ...
Bellavance Marc-André - - 2012
Summary:  The innate immune reaction takes place in the brain during immunogenic challenges, injury, and disease. Such a response is highly regulated by numerous anti-inflammatory mechanisms that may directly affect the ultimate consequences of such a reaction within the cerebral environment. The neuroendocrine control of this innate immune system by ...
Welmer Anna-Karin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe experiences of physical activity, perceived meaning, and the importance of and motives and barriers for participation in physical activity in people 80 years of age and older. A qualitative design with focus-group methodology was used. The sample consisted of 20 community-living people ...
Wong S Chien - - 2012
To quantify the difference in progression of nuclear sclerotic cataract using Scheimpflug image analysis in patients with idiopathic full-thickness macular hole who were randomized to have vitrectomy and gas tamponade or to be observed. Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Prospective randomized placebo-controlled masked clinical trial. As part of the ...
Lin Roy - - 2012
In this study, we noted the common risk factors with atherosclerosis and chronic renal disease. We, therefore, hypothesized that the placement of a dialysis catheter would be a useful marker in identifying populations at increased risk of vascular disease (carotid, renal, and aortic). To further explore this issue, we examined ...
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