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Results 401 - 450 of 2998
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Ayoade D I - - 2012
Extrusion technology has been employed successfully to improve the nutritive value of full fat oil seeds via the shear force and heat applied during passage through the extruder, exposing more peptide bonds to enzymatic hydrolysis. However, the fibrous portion of the seeds is largely intact following extrusion. Therefore, application of ...
Bullock Seth - - 2012
Abstract We introduce a distinction between algorithm performance and algorithm competence and argue that bio-inspired computing should characterize the former rather than the latter. To exemplify this, we explore and extend a bio-inspired algorithm for collective construction influenced by paper wasp behavior. Despite its being provably general in its competence, ...
Sonk Jason A - - 2012
Ionization of ethylene, butadiene, hexatriene, octatetraene by short, intense laser pulses was simulated using the time dependent single-excitation configuration-interaction (TD-CIS) method and Klamroth's heuristic model for ionization (J. Chem. Phys. 2009, 131, 114304). The calculations used the 6-31G(d,p) basis set augmented with up to 3 sets of diffuse sp functions ...
Oberlin Odile O Institut Gustave- Roussy, Villejuif, France. - - 2012
MMT95 was the fourth of a series of International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOP) collaborations for children with high-risk nonmetastatic soft tissue sarcoma (STS). The principal objective was to explore survival advantage for an intensified chemotherapy strategy in a randomized trial. From July 1995 to June 2003, 457 previously untreated ...
Yuma-Guerrero Paula J - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Alcohol use by adolescents is widespread and is connected to a number of negative health and social outcomes. Adolescents receiving emergent care for injuries are often linked with risky use of alcohol. The trauma system has widely adopted the use of screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment ...
Falgayrac Guillaume - - 2012
Mixture of natural and anthropogenic particles is ubiquitous in the troposphere and exerts an important influence on air quality. This work reports the study of mixing and heterogeneous chemistry of particles of natural-like mineral dust (CaCO3) and anthropogenic-like micro-particle (PbSO4) in turbulent air flow under various relative humidity. Sparse monolayers ...
Heidsieck Alexandra - - 2012
The technique of magnetic drug targeting deals with binding drugs or genetic material to superparamagnetic nanoparticles and accumulating these complexes via an external magnetic field in a target region. For a successful approach, it is necessary to know the required magnetic set-up as well as the physical properties of the ...
Cai Mi - - 2012
Myeloid ecotropic viral integration site 1 (Meis1) forms a heterodimer with Pbx1 that augments Hox-dependent gene expression and is associated with leukemogenesis and HSC self-renewal. Here we identified 2 independent actions of Meis1 in hematopoietic development: one regulating cellular proliferation and the other involved in megakaryocyte lineage development. First, we ...
Yin Lu - - 2012
[Pt(2,2'-bpy)(1-MeC-N3)(2)](NO(3))(2) (1) (2,2'-bpy = 2,2'-bipyridine; 1-MeC = 1-methylcytosine) exists in water in an equilibrium of head-tail and head-head rotamers, with the former exceeding the latter by a factor of ca. 20 at room temperature. Nevertheless, 1 reacts with (en)Pd(II) (en = ethylenediamine) to give preferentially the dinuclear complex [Pt(2,2'-bpy)(1-MeC(-)-N3,N4)(2)Pd(en)](NO(3))(2)·5H(2)O (2) ...
Freeman Bailey E - - 2012
Virus-specific CD8(+) T cells develop the ability to function in an "innate" capacity by responding to a remarkable array of cytokines in a TCR-independent manner. Although several cytokines such as IL-12 and IL-18 have been identified as key regulators of CD8(+) T-cell activation, the role of other cytokines and the ...
Thompson James M JM Department of Biochemistry, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2012
While information from homologous structures plays a central role in X-ray structure determination by molecular replacement, such information is rarely used in NMR structure determination because it can be incorrect, both locally and globally, when evolutionary relationships are inferred incorrectly or there has been considerable evolutionary structural divergence. Here we ...
Devarajan Deepa - - 2012
Density functional and correlated ab initio methods were used to calculate, compare, and analyze bonding interactions in late-transition-metal alkyl and heteroatom complexes (M-X). The complexes studied include: (DMPE)Pt(CH(3))(X) (DMPE = 1,2-bis(dimethylphosphino)ethane), Cp*Ru(PMe(3))(2)(X) (Cp* = pentamethylcyclopentadienyl), (DMPE)(2)Ru(H)(X), (Tp)(CO)Ru(Py)(X) (Tp = trispyrazolylborate), (PMe(3))(2)Rh(C(2)H(4))(X), and cis-(acac)(2)Ir(Py)(X) (acac = acetylacetonate). Seventeen X ligands were ...
Shi G - - 2013
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the most lethal cancers owing to a number of characteristics including difficulty in establishing early diagnosis and the absence of effective therapeutic regimens. A large number of genetic alterations have been ascribed to PDAC with mutations in the KRAS2 proto-oncogene thought to be ...
Gómez-Cortés Pilar - - 2012
Optimal accuracy and precision in small-molecule profiling by mass spectrometry generally requires isotopically labeled standards chemically representative of all compounds of interest. However, preparation of mixed standards from commercially available pure compounds is often prohibitively expensive and time-consuming, and many labeled compounds are not available in pure form. We used ...
Wu Qiuxia - - 2012
DROSHA is a nuclear RNase III enzyme responsible for cleaving primary microRNAs (miRNAs) into precursor miRNAs and thus is essential for the biogenesis of canonical miRNAs. DICER is a cytoplasmic RNase III enzyme that not only cleaves precursor miRNAs to produce mature miRNAs but also dissects naturally formed/synthetic double-stranded RNAs ...
Wu Bin - - 2012
Plant chitinases, a class of glycosyl hydrolases, participate in various aspects of normal plant growth and development, including cell wall metabolism and disease resistance. The rice (Oryza sativa) genome encodes 37 putative chitinases and chitinase-like proteins. However, none of them has been characterized at the genetic level. In this study, ...
Hack Maureen - - 2012
To compare the self-reported health of extremely low birth weight (ELBW, <1 kg) adolescents with that of normal birth weight (NBW) controls and the children's assessments of their general health at ages 8 versus 14 years. One hundred sixty-eight ELBW children and 115 NBW controls of similar gender and sociodemographic ...
Pasha Zeeshan - - 2012
At the request of all authors of the Rapid Communication article entitled, "Non-viral reprogramming of skeletal myoblasts with valproic acid for pluripotency," which was published online ahead of editing (DOI: 10.1089/scd.2012.0080), is being officially retracted from publication in its current form in Stem Cells and Development.
Randriamboavonjy Voahanginirina V Institute for Vascular Signalling, Centre for Molecular Medicine, Goethe University, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2012
Platelets from patients with diabetes are hyperreactive and demonstrate increased adhesiveness, aggregation, degranulation, and thrombus formation, processes that contribute to the accelerated development of vascular disease. Part of the problem seems to be dysregulated platelet Ca(2+) signaling and the activation of calpains, which are Ca(2+)-activated proteases that result in the ...
Przybylski Andrew K - - 2012
Abstract The death of Apple co-founder Steven Jobs was accompanied by a period of public mourning. Reflections shared by both those he knew and those who were connected to him through the devices he pioneered were imbued with expressions of loss. The goal of the present research was to understand ...
Iwai Masaru - - 2012
We explored the roles of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), angiotensin-(1-7), and Mas activation in angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockade-mediated attenuation of vascular remodeling. Vascular injury was induced by polyethylene-cuff placement around the mouse femoral artery. After cuff placement, the mRNA level of both ACE2 and Mas was markedly decreased ...
Shuryak Igor - - 2012
Protein oxidation can contribute to radiation-induced cell death by two mechanisms: (1) by reducing the fidelity of DNA repair, and (2) by decreasing cell viability directly. Previously, we explored the first mechanism by developing a mathematical model and applying it to data on Deinococcus radiodurans . Here we extend the ...
Jia Y - - 2013
Brca1 deficiency leads to the development of breast cancer. We previously found that Brca1 deficiency activates the Akt oncogenic pathway. Reduced expression of Brca1 was highly correlated with increased activated Akt in human breast cancer samples. Furthermore, activation of Akt1 was involved in Brca1-deficiency-mediated tumorigenesis in mice. Defective homologous recombination ...
Pierotti M A - - 2012
Understanding the complexity of cancer and of the underlying regulatory networks provides a new paradigm that tackles cancer development and treatment through a system biology approach, contemporarily acting on various intersecting pathways. Cancer cell metabolism is an old pathogenetic issue that has recently gained new interest as target for therapeutic ...
Hershman Stuart H - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:: The purpose of this study was to evaluate forearm rotation after volar plating of the distal radius fractures with and without pronator quadratus repair. DESIGN:: This was an institutional review board-approved retrospective review of prospectively collected data. SETTING:: The study was conducted at an Academic Medical Center. PATIENTS:: Over ...
Lutter Sophie - - 2012
Active lymph transport relies on smooth muscle cell (SMC) contractions around collecting lymphatic vessels, yet regulation of lymphatic vessel wall assembly and lymphatic pumping are poorly understood. Here, we identify Reelin, an extracellular matrix glycoprotein previously implicated in central nervous system development, as an important regulator of lymphatic vascular development. ...
Guo Huabei - - 2012
Changes in the levels of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) can alter the function of several types of cell surface receptors and adhesion molecules by causing altered N-linked glycan branching. Using a her-2 mammary tumor mouse model, her-2 receptor signaling was down-regulated by GnT-V knock-out, resulting in a significant delay in the ...
Amahzoune Brahim - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: No comparison of balloon- or self-expandable valved stents (VSs) regarding tissue injury (if any) has been reported yet. The objective was to evaluate the occurrence and compare the severity of traumatic injury to leaflets from balloon- or self-expandable VSs. METHODS: Twelve homemade VSs were used for this experiment. These ...
Sun Minghua - - 2012
Surface states in semiconductor nanowires (NWs) are detrimental to the NW optical and electronic properties and to their light emission-based applications, due to the large surface-to-volume ratio of NWs and the congregation of defects states near surfaces. In this paper, we demonstrated an effective approach to eliminate surface states in ...
Kreitchmann Regis R Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misericordia de Porto Alegre, Porto Alegre, Brazil. - - 2012
Adherence to antiretrovirals by pregnant women (and postpartum women if breastfeeding) is crucial to effectively decrease maternal viral load and decrease the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. Our objectives were to describe self-reported adherence to antiretrovirals during the antepartum (after 22 weeks of pregnancy) and postpartum periods (6-12 weeks ...
Chirinos Julio A - - 2012
Myocardial and arterial load are time-varying phenomena. Despite their importance in myocardial function, the arterial properties that determine time-resolved myocardial wall stress are unknown. We aimed to assess arterial properties as determinants of time-resolved myocardial stress among 1214 men and women enrolled in the Asklepios Study. Time-resolved central pressure, flow, ...
Naseer Sadaf - - 2012
Casparian strips are ring-like cell-wall modifications in the root endodermis of vascular plants. Their presence generates a paracellular barrier, analogous to animal tight junctions, that is thought to be crucial for selective nutrient uptake, exclusion of pathogens, and many other processes. Despite their importance, the chemical nature of Casparian strips ...
Henry Timothy D - - 2012
The treatment and outcome of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has improved dramatically over the 30 years since I graduated from medical school. In 1982, bed rest, treatment of complications such as ventricular arrhythmias or mural thrombus and prayer (for those so inclined) were the standard of care. ...
Coffey J D - - 2012
Little information is available regarding the effects of vitamin D and its metabolites on reproduction in swine. To investigate the effects of feeding the circulating metabolite of vitamin D, 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25OHD3, Hy• D, DSM Nutritional Products, Basel, Switzerland) on maternal and fetal circulating 25OHD3 concentration and gilt reproductive performance, a ...
Leeds T D - - 2012
A 3-yr study was conducted to comprehensively evaluate Columbia, Suffolk, USMARC-Composite (Composite), and Texel breeds as terminal sires in an extensive rangeland production system. The objective was to estimate breed-of-ram effects on ewe fertility, prolificacy, and dystocia, and sire breed effects on lamb survival and growth until weaning at approximately ...
Munita Jose M - - 2012
Mutations in liaFSR, a three-component regulatory system controlling cell-envelope stress response, were recently linked with the emergence of daptomycin (DAP) resistance in enterococci. Our previous work showed that a liaF mutation increased the DAP MIC of a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis strain from 1 to 3 μg/ml (the DAP breakpoint is ...
Musen Gail - - 2012
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for Alzheimer disease (AD). Populations at risk for AD show altered brain activity in the default mode network (DMN) before cognitive dysfunction. We evaluated this brain pattern in T2DM patients. We compared T2DM patients (n = 10, age = 56 ± ...
Reicher Barak - - 2012
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) is a key regulator of actin dynamics during cell motility and adhesion, and mutations in its gene are responsible for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS). Here, we demonstrate that WASp is ubiquitylated following T-cell antigen receptor (TCR) activation. WASp phosphorylation at tyrosine 291 results in recruitment of ...
Schmidtke Claudia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Sinuses of Valsalva are important in assuring the physiological function of the aortic valve. This study evaluates short-term clinical results of the reimplantation technique for aortic valve-sparing root replacement using a new prosthesis with three separate sinuses of Valsalva (sinus prosthesis). METHODS: Between February 2009 and February 2011, a ...
Ahn Hyung Jun - - 2012
Recently, we reported that a chimeric capsid protein assembled into a macromolecular container-like structure with capsid shell and the resulting siRNA/capsid nanocarrier complexes efficiently suppressed RFP gene expression in the cell culture system. To extend RNAi to the in vivo applications, we here demonstrated that the siRNA/capsid nanocarrier complexes could ...
Tokunaga Takeshi - - 2012
A fluorescent aptamer sensor was applied to the analysis of extracellular chemical transmitter dynamics. We utilized a tocopherol-labeled aptamer, which allowed the direct anchoring of the fluorescent aptamer on the cell surface while retaining its performance as a fluorescent sensor. The fast-responsive fluorescent DNA aptamer sensor, which targets adenine compounds, ...
Andersen Sabrina L SL Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2012
In the diploid cells of most organisms, including humans, each chromosome is usually distinguishable from its partner homolog by multiple single-nucleotide polymorphisms. One common type of genetic alteration observed in tumor cells is uniparental disomy (UPD), in which a pair of homologous chromosomes are derived from a single parent, resulting ...
Fomovsky Gregory M - - 2012
We hypothesize that a therapy that improves left ventricular (LV) pump function early after infarction should decrease the need for compensation through sympathetic activation and dilation, thereby reducing the risk of developing heart failure. The mechanical properties of healing myocardial infarcts are an important determinant of LV function, yet improving ...
Kyrkou A - - 2013
We have previously identified a Rho protein, RhoD, which localizes to the plasma membrane and the early endocytic compartment. Here, we show that a GTPase-deficient mutant of RhoD, RhoDG26V, causes hyperplasia and perturbed differentiation of the epidermis, when targeted to the skin of transgenic mice. In vitro, gain-of-function and loss-of-function ...
Belanche A - - 2012
Accurate estimates of microbial synthesis in the rumen are vital to optimize ruminant nutrition. Liquid- (LAB) and solid-associated bacterial fractions (SAB) harvested from the rumen are generally considered as microbial references when microbial yield is calculated, however factors that determine their composition are not completely understood. The aim of this ...
Huang Johnny X - - 2012
The vast majority of anti-infective therapeutics on the market or in development are small molecules; however, there is now a nascent pipeline of biological agents in development. Until recently, phage display technologies were used mainly to produce monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) targeted against cancer or inflammatory disease targets. Patent disputes impeded ...
Straznicky Nora E - - 2012
Neuroadrenergic function in type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients without neuropathy is poorly characterized. We therefore compared sympathetic nervous system activity at rest and during an oral glucose tolerance test in obese metabolic syndrome (MetS) subjects classified as glucose intolerant (impaired glucose tolerance [IGT]; n = 17) or treatment-naive T2D (n ...
Arun Gayatri - - 2012
Meiotic recombination hot spot locus (mrhl) RNA is a nuclear enriched long noncoding RNA encoded in the mouse genome and expressed in testis, liver, spleen, and kidney. mrhl RNA silencing in Gc1-Spg cells, derived from mouse spermatogonial cells, resulted in perturbation of expression of genes belonging to cell adhesion, cell ...
Farias Michael - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:A Standardized Clinical Assessment and Management Plan (SCAMP) standardizes the care of patients with a predefined diagnosis while actively inviting and collecting data on clinician deviations (DEVs) from its recommendations. For 3 different pediatric cardiac diagnoses managed by SCAMPs, we determined the frequency of, types of, and reasons for DEVs, ...
Crépin Sébastien - - 2012
The pstSCAB-phoU operon encodes the phosphate-specific transport system (Pst). Loss of Pst constitutively activates the Pho regulon and decreases bacterial virulence. However, specific mechanisms underlying decreased bacterial virulence through inactivation of Pst are poorly understood. In uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strain CFT073, inactivation of pst decreased urinary tract colonization in ...
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