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Fernández-Ruiz Javier J Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular III, Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Neuroquímica, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Complutense, 28040-Madrid, Spain. - - 2013
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid with therapeutic properties for numerous disorders exerted through molecular mechanisms that are yet to be completely identified. CBD acts in some experimental models as an anti-inflammatory, anticonvulsant, anti-oxidant, anti-emetic, anxiolytic and antipsychotic agent, and is therefore a potential medicine for the treatment of neuroinflammation, epilepsy, ...
Manisty Charlotte H CH International Centre for Circulatory Health, National Heart & Lung Institute, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, and Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, - - 2013
Brachial systolic blood pressure (bSBP) exceeds aortic pressure by a variable amount, and estimated central systolic blood pressure (cSBP) may be a better indicator of cardiovascular risk than bSBP. We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the effect of single and multiple antihypertensive agents on bSBP, cSBP and ...
Means Robert T RT Jr Department of Internal Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Lexington, KY, USA. - - 2013
A decade ago, hepcidin, an antimicrobial peptide with iron-regulatory properties, was discovered and proposed as playing a significant role in the pathogenesis of anemia of chronic disease. Subsequent studies have demonstrated that hepcidin is the keystone of the linked systems of iron balance and iron transport in health and in ...
Zahm Daniel S DS Department of Pharmacological and Physiological Science, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63104, USA. - - 2013
Peciña and Berridge (2005; J Neurosci 25:11777-11786) observed that an injection of the μ-opioid receptor agonist DAMGO (D-ala(2) -N-Me-Phe(4) -Glycol(5) -enkephalin) into the rostrodorsal part of the accumbens shell (rdAcbSh) enhances expression of hedonic "liking" responses to the taste of an appetitive sucrose solution. Insofar as the connections of this ...
Aquilante Christina L CL Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2013
The objective of this study was to determine the extent to which the CYP2C8*3 allele influences pharmacokinetic variability in the drug-drug interaction between gemfibrozil (CYP2C8 inhibitor) and pioglitazone (CYP2C8 substrate). In this randomized, two phase crossover study, 30 healthy Caucasian subjects were enrolled based on CYP2C8*3 genotype (n = 15, ...
Fan Reuben H RH Vanderbilt Brain Institute, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, - - 2012
Currently, we lack consensus regarding the organization along the anterior border of dorsomedial V2 in primates. Previous studies suggest that this region could be either the dorsomedial area, characterized by both an upper and a lower visual field representation, or the dorsal aspect of area V3, which only contains a ...
Bardet Sylvia M SM GIGA Neurosciences, Research Group in Behavioral Neuroendocrinology, University of Liège, Liège, - - 2012
Several brain areas in the diencephalon are involved in the activation and expression of sexual behavior, including in quail the medial preoptic nucleus (POM). However, the ontogeny of these diencephalic brain nuclei has not to this date been examined in detail. We investigated the ontogeny of POM and other steroid-sensitive ...
Tapson Victor F - - 2012
Infused and inhaled treprostinil are effective for treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), although their administration routes have limitations. This study assessed the efficacy and safety of bid oral sustained-release treprostinil in the treatment of PAH with a concomitant endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA) and/or phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor. A 16-week, ...
Lindsey Stephan S Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Delaware, 15 Innovation Way, Newark, DE 19711, USA. - - 2012
In addition to its role as a toxicological signal mediator, the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor (AHR) is also a transcription factor known to regulate cellular responses to oxidative stress and inflammation through transcriptional regulation of molecules involved in the signaling of nucear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2), p53 (TRP53), retinoblastoma (RB1), and ...
Chen Li-yan - - 2012
The purpose of this prospective case-control study was to evaluate the clinical effects and host immune response in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with either entecavir (ETV)or adefovir dipivoxil (ADV). Forty-two patients diagnosed with CHB were recruited and randomly assigned to receive either ADV (n=19) or ETV(n=18) and ...
Solinas M - - 2012
Several studies have demonstrated anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic actions of cannabinoids on various tumours, together with their anti-angiogenic properties. The non-psychoactive cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) effectively inhibits the growth of different types of tumours in vitro and in vivo and down-regulates some pro-angiogenic signals produced by glioma cells. As its anti-angiogenic properties ...
Gilmore Andrew J - - 2012
N-arachidonoyl 5-HT (NA-5HT) has anti-nociceptive effects reported to be mediated by inhibitory actions at the transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) and fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). Anandamide and N-arachidonoyl dopamine (NA-DA), endocannabinoids that activate TRPV1 or are metabolized by FAAH, also inhibit T-type calcium channels (I(Ca) ). T-type ...
Yi Jae-Hyuk - - 2012
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) play a pivotal role in many neuronal growth mechanisms including axon guidance and the modulation of repair processes following injury to the spinal cord or brain. Many actions of CSPGs in the central nervous system (CNS) are governed by the specific sulfation pattern on the glycosaminoglycan ...
Ackler S - - 2012
Bendamustine with or without rituximab provides an effective and more tolerable alternative to the polytherapy cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisolone (CHOP) in the treatment of haematological tumours and is currently approved for the treatment of many haematological malignancies. Navitoclax (ABT-263) is a potent inhibitor of Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-w, which has demonstrated efficacy in ...
Desmadryl G - - 2012
Betahistine, the main histamine drug prescribed to treat vestibular disorders, is a histamine H(3) receptor antagonist. Here, we explored the potential for modulation of the most recently cloned histamine receptor (H(4) receptor) to influence vestibular system function, using a selective H(4) receptor antagonist JNJ 7777120 and the derivate compound JNJ ...
Watt Kevin M KM Duke University, Pediatrics, Duke Clinical Research Institute, P.O. Box 3499, Durham, NC 27710, - - 2012
Candida infections are a leading cause of infectious disease-related death in infants supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The ECMO circuit can alter drug pharmacokinetics; thus, standard fluconazole dosing in children on ECMO may result in suboptimal drug exposure. This study determined the pharmacokinetics of fluconazole in infants on ECMO. ...
Hyzy Sharon L SL School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, - - 2012
Large doses of bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) are used clinically to induce bone formation in challenging bone defects. However, complications after treatment include swelling, ectopic bone formation, and adjacent bone resorption. While BMP2 can be effective, it is important to characterize the mechanism of the deleterious effects to optimize ...
Ross James R - - 2012
Femoral head fractures may present in various patterns with or without associated fractures around the hip. As a result, the treating orthopaedic surgeon must understand not only the fracture pattern, but also patient-related fractures and the relevant operative exposures and reconstructive options to achieve the best functional outcome while minimizing ...
Jeon Iksoo - - 2012
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) generated from somatic cells of patients can be used to model different human diseases. They may also serve as sources of transplantable cells that can be used in novel cell therapies. Here, we analyzed neuronal properties of an iPSC line derived from a patient with ...
Forsh David A - - 2012
The optimal management strategy for femoral neck fractures remains highly debated. The femoral neck is intracapsular and the vascular supply is fragile. Furthermore, the curvature of the proximal femur results in high mechanical stresses through the femoral neck. Poor outcomes of nonunion and avascular necrosis (AVN) are common. This chapter ...
Depalma Anthony A - - 2012
Articular cartilage lesions of the glenohumeral joint are an especially difficult clinical problem to manage, particularly in the younger, more active patient. Left untreated, these lesions may progress in the long-term, leading to further pain and disability. While shoulder arthroplasty remains a viable option in older patients with glenohumeral arthritis, ...
Demange Marco - - 2012
Large symptomatic osteochondral defects in a young active population represent a therapeutic challenge for orthopedic surgeons, since standard interventions such as debridement, microfracture and autologous osteochondral transfer are not suitable for the treatment of these larger lesions. Fresh osteochondral allograft transplantation provides a surgical option for these challenging defects, both ...
Solozobova Valeriya - - 2012
Pluripotent stem cells offer an abundant and malleable source for the generation of differentiated cells for transplantation as well as for in vitro screens. Patterning and differentiation protocols have been developed to generate neural progeny from human embryonic or induced pluripotent stem cells. However, continued refinement is required to enhance ...
Kassanjee Reshma - - 2012
Estimating disease incidence from cross-sectional surveys, using biomarkers for "recent" infection, has attracted much interest. Despite widespread applications to HIV, there is currently no consensus on the correct handling of biomarker results classifying persons as "recently" infected long after the infections occurred. We derive a general expression for a weighted ...
Cohen-Wolkowiez Michael - - 2012
Daptomycin is approved for the treatment of complicated skin and skin-structure infections and Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. We sought to characterize daptomycin single-dose pharmacokinetics and tolerability in young infants. Subjects < 120 days of age with suspected systemic infections were eligible for inclusion. Each subject was given a single 6 mg/kg ...
Magnus Maria C - - 2012
The 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced into the Norwegian Childhood Immunization Program in 2006. A substantial effectiveness of PCV7 immunization against invasive pneumococcal disease has been demonstrated, whereas evidence of its impact on respiratory tract infections are less consistent. This study included children participating in the Norwegian Mother ...
Yonkers Kimberly A KA Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. - - 2012
Major depressive disorder and the use of serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) in pregnancy have been associated with preterm birth. Studies that have attempted to separate effects of illness from treatment have been inconclusive. We sought to explore the separate effects of SRI use and major depressive episodes in pregnancy on ...
Kim Sangmin - - 2012
Overexpression of HER2 correlates with more aggressive tumors and increased resistance to cancer chemotherapy. However, a functional comparison between the HER2(high)/HER3 and the HER2(low)/HER3 dimers on tumor metastasis has not been conducted. Herein we examined the regulation mechanism of heregulin- β1 (HRG)-induced MMP-1 and -9 expression in breast cancer cell ...
Kim Eun Kyoung - - 2012
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is essential for both G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)- and receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)-mediated cancer cell migration. Here, we have shown that maximum migration is achieved by full activation of phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate-dependent Rac exchanger 1 (P-Rex1) in the presence of Gβγ and PI3K signaling pathways. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)- ...
Chen Bohao B Section of Pulmonary and Critical Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Chicago, 5841 S. Maryland Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2012
Silencing of GATA5 gene expression as a result of promoter hypermethylation has been observed in lung, gastrointestinal and ovarian cancers. However, the regulation of GATA5 gene expression has been poorly understood. In the present study, we have demonstrated that an E (enhancer)-box in the GATA5 promoter (bp -118 to -113 ...
Orlotti Nicola Ivan - - 2012
G-quadruplex ligands have attracted considerable interest as novel anticancer therapeutics due to their capability to interfere with guanosine-rich DNA/RNA sequences, such as telomeres. Elucidation of the structures of telomeric G-quadruplexes has led, in the past few years, to the rational development of effective G-quadruplex-stabilizing small molecules. In the present study, ...
Koyano-Nakagawa Naoko - - 2012
During embryogenesis, the endothelial and the hematopoietic lineages first appear during gastrulation in the blood island of the yolk sac. We have previously reported that an Ets variant gene 2 (Etv2/ER71) mutant embryo lacks hematopoietic and endothelial lineages; however, the precise roles of Etv2 in yolk sac development remains unclear. ...
Danforth Kim N - - 2012
Lung nodules are commonly encountered in clinical practice, yet little is known about their management in community settings. An automated method for identifying patients with lung nodules would greatly facilitate research in this area. Using members of a large, community-based health plan from 2006 to 2010, we developed a method ...
Zrim Stephanie S Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2012
There is a growing number of overweight and obese patients receiving kidney transplants, despite elevated body mass index (BMI) being associated with postoperative complications. Understanding associations between BMI and complications would allow more objectivity when recommending patients for transplantation or otherwise. We analysed a retrospective cohort of 508 adult patients ...
Shrestha Sadeep - - 2012
To replicate the association of variants in RYR3 gene with common carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis, we genotyped single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2229116 and rs7177922 in a sub-population of 244 HIV-positive and HIV-negative men. SNP rs2229116 was associated with common cIMT in HIV infected white men ...
Gudur Madhu M Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2012
As tissue engineering products move toward the clinic, nondestructive methods to monitor their development and ensure quality are needed. In this study, high-resolution spectral ultrasound imaging (SUSI) was used to noninvasively characterize mineral content in collagen hydrogels. SUSI was used to generate three-dimensional (3D) grayscale (GS) images of construct morphology ...
Xue Cong - - 2012
Breast cancer research and treatment by different subtypes is an inevitable trend. We investigated the clinicopathologic features and outcomes of different breast cancer subtypes in Southern China. A total of 5809 patients with invasive ductal carcinomas were identified. Immunohistochemical (IHC) markers for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), Her2/neu, and ...
Wünschel Markus - - 2012
A 19-year-old female soccer player presented for evaluation of pain at the base of the right hallux after a recent sports injury. She had a history of 4 operations, 1 each at both knees and both elbows, for the treatment of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD). Examination showed tenderness to palpation and ...
Lahm Tim - - 2012
Recent research suggests that microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B) confers protection against hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH) by inhibiting proliferation of pulmonary artery (PA) wall cells. We recently demonstrated that 17β-estradiol (E2), a sex hormone with known protective properties in HPH, increases lung LC3-II expression in chronically hypoxic male ...
Singh Satinder P - - 2012
To measure reader variability related to the evaluation of screening chest radiographs (CXRs) for findings of primary lung cancer. From the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), 100 cases were randomly selected from baseline CXR examinations for retrospective interpretation by 9 NLST radiologists; images with noncalcified lung nodules (NCNs) or other ...
Jacob Eufemia - - 2012
We examined the usability of smartphones for accessing a web-based e-Diary for self-monitoring symptoms in children and adolescents with sickle cell disease (SCD). One group of participants (n = 10; mean age, 13.1 ± 2.4 y; 5 M; 5 F) responded to questions using precompleted paper-based measures. A second group ...
Du Juan - - 2012
Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) function is tightly regulated by cytokine signaling. Although phospho-flow cytometry allows us to study signaling in defined populations of cells, there has been tremendous hurdle to carry out this study in rare HSCs due to unrecoverable critical HSC markers, low HSC number, and poor cell recovery ...
Pratt George F - - 2012
Although preoperative imaging of perforator vasculature in planning microvascular reconstruction is commonplace, there has not been any clear demonstration of the evidence for this practice, or data comparing the many available modalities in an evidence-based approach. This article aims to provide an objective, evidence-based review of the literature on this ...
Makowski Marcus R MR Division of Imaging Sciences, The Rayne Institute, St Thomas’ Hospital, King's College London, London, UK. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of high-resolution 3-dimensional aortic vessel wall imaging using a novel elastin-specific magnetic resonance contrast agent (ESMA) in a large animal model. The thoracic aortic vessel wall of 6 Landrace pigs was imaged using a novel ESMA and a nonspecific control ...
Turinetto Valentina V Department of Clinical and Biological Sciences, University of Turin, Turin, Italy. - - 2012
Phosphorylation of histone H2AX (γH2AX) is known to be the earliest indicator of DNA double-strand breaks. Recently, it has been shown that mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) have very high basal levels of γH2AX, even when they have not been exposed to genotoxic agents. As the specialized role of high ...
Danielson Cindy M - - 2012
A variety of proteins have been identified that restrict infection by different viruses. One such restriction factor is the rhesus macaque variant of TRIM5α (rhTRIM5α), which potently blocks infection by HIV-1. The block to infection mediated by rhTRIM5α occurs early after entry into the host cell, generally prior to reverse ...
Tang Jennifer L - - 2012
We present a fabrication process to create bifunctional microparticles displaying two distinct proteins that are spatially segregated onto the surface hemispheres. Silica and polystyrene microparticles with 2.0, 4.1, and 4.7 μm diameters are processed with metal deposition to form two chemically distinct and segregated hemispheres. The surface of each hemisphere ...
Kolesnichenko Marina - - 2012
Numerous stimuli, including oncogenic signaling, DNA damage or eroded telomeres trigger proliferative arrest, termed cellular senescence. Accumulating evidence suggests that cellular senescence is a potent barrier to tumorigenesis in vivo, however oncogene induced senescence can also promote cellular transformation. Several oncogenes, whose overexpression results in cellular senescence, converge on the ...
He Chengzhi - - 2012
Protein structure is highly diverse when considering a wide range of protein types, helping to give rise to the multitude of functions that proteins perform. In particular, certain proteins are known to adopt a knotted or slipknotted fold. How such proteins undergo mechanical unfolding was investigated utilizing a combination of ...
Xu S - - 2012
Alcohol activates reward systems through an unknown mechanism, in some cases leading to alcohol abuse and dependence. Herein, we utilized a two-choice Capillary Feeder assay to address the neural and molecular basis for ethanol self-administration in Drosophila melanogaster. Wild-type Drosophila shows a significant preference for food containing between 5% and ...
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