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Cashman Timothy J TJ Cardiovascular Cell and Tissue Engineering Laboratory, Cardiovascular Research Center, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, Box 1030, New York, NY 10029, - - 2013
Cell based treatments for myocardial infarction have demonstrated efficacy in the laboratory and in phase I clinical trials, but the understanding of such therapies remains incomplete. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are classically defined as maintaining the ability to generate mesenchyme-derived cell types, namely adipocytes, chondrocytes and osteocytes. Recent evidence suggests ...
Berman Steven M - - 2013
Leptin affects eating behavior partly by altering the response of the brain to food-related stimuli. The effects of leptin on brain structure have been observed in the cerebellum, where leptin receptors are most densely expressed, but the function of leptin in the cerebellum remains unclear. We performed a nonrandomized, prospective ...
Tsuda Masanobu M Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California at Davis, Davis, CA, - - 2013
Mice with a dominant-negative transforming growth factor β receptor restricted to T cells (dnTGFβRII mice) develop an inflammatory biliary ductular disease that strongly resembles human primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). Furthermore, deletion of the gene encoding interleukin (IL)-12p40 resulted in a strain (IL-12p40(-/-) dnTGFβRII) with dramatically reduced autoimmune cholangitis. To further ...
Lachiewicz Paul F PF Chapel Hill Orthopedics Surgery and Sports Medicine, 101 Conner Drive, Suite 200, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA. - - 2013
Large (36- and 40-mm) femoral heads with highly crosslinked polyethylene liners were introduced to reduce the risk of dislocation after primary total hip arthroplasty (THA), but it is unclear whether the risk is reduced and whether there is osteolysis or liner fracture. We therefore determined (1) the incidence of early ...
Roayaie Sasan S Liver Cancer Program, Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY 10029, USA. - - 2013
Asian series have shown a 5-year survival rate of ≈70% after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ≤2 cm. Western outcomes with resection have not been as good. In addition, ablation of HCC ≤2 cm has been shown to achieve competitive results, leaving the role of resection in these patients unclear. ...
Warren John B JB Medicines Assessment Ltd, London, UK. - - 2013
The effectiveness and safety of generic drugs are backed by sound physicochemical control and regulatory bioequivalence acceptance criteria. Statistical testing of bioequivalence, comparing the pharmacokinetic profiles of the test and reference products, was made possible by modern drug assays. When the pharmacokinetic profile correlates with the dose, such comparisons show ...
Jeon Hyewon H Department of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Seoul National University College of Medicine and Hospital, Seoul, - - 2013
Fruit juice reduces the plasma concentrations of several β-adrenoceptor blockers, likely by inhibiting OATP2B1-mediated intestinal absorption. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of apple juice on the pharmacokinetics of atenolol. Twelve healthy Korean volunteers with genotypes of SLCO2B1 c.1457C> T (*1/*1 (n = 6) and *3/*3 ...
Zuiderweg Erik R P ER Department of Biological Chemistry, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. - - 2013
Heat shock 70-kDa (Hsp70) chaperones are essential to in vivo protein folding, protein transport, and protein re-folding. They carry out these activities using repeated cycles of binding and release of client proteins. This process is under allosteric control of nucleotide binding and hydrolysis. X-ray crystallography, NMR spectroscopy, and other biophysical ...
Jick Susan S SS Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program, Boston University School of Medicine, Lexington, MA 02421, USA. - - 2013
To study the relative safety of the intramuscular injection formulation of testosterone with oral testosterone undecanoate in relation to the risks for hypertension, polycythemia, prostate cancer, benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) and prostatism. We conducted a cohort study of men in the UK based General Practice Research Database who were users ...
Wei Li L Medicines Monitoring Unit, Division of Medicine and Therapeutics, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
To examine whether exposure to pioglitazone use is associated with increased incidence of bladder cancer in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A cohort study was done in the General Practice Research Database (GPRD) between 2001 and 2010. Two hundred and seven thousand seven hundred and fourteen patients aged ≥40 ...
Pugh Meredith E ME Division of Allergy, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. - - 2012
The 6-min walk test, commonly used to assess exercise capacity and response to therapy in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), has many well-described limitations. Sedentary time is associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes and reduced quality of life, and measuring sedentary time and physical activity using accelerometry is another potential way to ...
Peljto Anna L AL School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2012
More than 80% of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) develop lung involvement, most commonly interstitial pneumonia (IP). We recently identified a common variant in the promoter region of MUC5B (rs35705950) that has a significant effect on the risk of developing both familial and sporadic forms of IP. We hypothesized that ...
Maekawa Shinya - - 2012
To comprehensively characterize the contribution of virological factors as well as interleukin-28B (IL28B) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in determining treatment responses in pegylated-interferon plus ribavirin (Peg-IFN/RBV) therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV)-1b infection, we undertook a retrospective cohort analysis for the pretreatment dominant complete HCV open reading frame (ORF) amino-acid ...
Hempel Johann-Martin - - 2012
Alcoholic liver cirrhosis (ALC) is a commonly accepted indication for liver transplantation (LT). Any alcohol consumption is considered a contraindication for LT. However, the assessment of abstinence in everyday practice mostly relies on patient self-reporting, which must be considered highly unreliable. After consumption, ethanol is eliminated by alcohol dehydrogenase, with ...
García-Rey Eduardo - - 2012
Uncemented press-fit cups provide bone fixation in primary THA, but the use of screws is sometimes necessary to achieve primary stability of the socket. However, it is unclear whether and when screws should be used. We analyzed the factors related to screw use with a press-fit uncemented cup and assessed ...
Soo Jackie - - 2012
We examined the relationship between pulmonary function (FEV 1 ) and confirmed recovery from three lower-respiratory symptoms (LRSs) (cough, dyspnea, and wheeze) up to 9 years after symptom onset. The study included white and black male World Trade Center (WTC)-exposed firefighters who reported at least one LRS on a medical ...
Joglekar Siddharth B - - 2012
Pelvic radiation has been commonly used to treat gastrointestinal, genitourinary, or hematopoietic malignancies. Conventional THA in these patients reportedly have high rates of fixation failure. Although secure short-term fixation reportedly occurs with trabecular metal implants following pelvic radiation, it is unclear whether the fixation is durable. We determined the survival ...
Hartig-Andreasen Charlotte - - 2012
The goal of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is to delay or prevent osteoarthritic development in dysplastic hips. However, it is unclear whether the surgical goals are achieved and if so in which patients. This information is essential to select appropriate patients for a durable PAO that achieves its goals. We therefore ...
Grünhage Frank - - 2012
Recently, genome-wide studies identified genetic variants that affect serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels in healthy populations (rs12785878, near dehydrocholesterol reductase, DHCR7; rs10741657, at CYP2R1; and rs7041, at vitamin D binding protein, GC). Because vitamin D deficiency is associated with advanced liver disease, we hypothesized that these variants are associated with 25(OH)-vitamin ...
Hulskotte Ellen - - 2012
The hepatitis C virus protease inhibitor boceprevir is a strong inhibitor of cytochrome P450 3A4 and 3A5 (CYP3A4/5). Cyclosporine and tacrolimus are calcineurin inhibitor immunosuppressants used to prevent organ rejection after liver transplantation; both are substrates of CYP3A4. This two-part pharmacokinetic interaction study evaluated boceprevir with cyclosporine (part 1) and ...
Liu Lijuan - - 2012
KIAA0101 overexpression was detected in numerous malignant solid tumors and involved in tumor progression; however, the correlation between KIAA0101 expression level and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was controversial. Our data revealed abnormal expression of the KIAA0101 transcript variant 1 (KIAA0101 tv1) at both messenger RNA and protein levels in HCC ...
Woodhoo Ashwin - - 2012
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) play a major role in the control of messenger RNA (mRNA) turnover and translation rates. We examined the role of the RBP, human antigen R (HuR), during cholestatic liver injury and hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation. HuR silencing attenuated fibrosis development in vivo after BDL, reducing liver ...
Banadakoppa Manu - - 2012
Recent studies suggest that DAF (decay accelerating factor), a complement regulatory protein, present in lipid rafts, is utilized by Dr fimbriated Escherichia coli for their binding and internalization. Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that NO (nitric oxide) can reduce the invasion of Dr(+) E. coli and the severity ...
Scher Jose U - - 2012
To profile the abundance and diversity of subgingival oral microbiota in patients with never-treated, new-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Periodontal disease (PD) status, clinical activity, and sociodemographic factors were determined in patients with new-onset RA, patients with chronic RA, and healthy subjects. Multiplexed-454 pyrosequencing was used to compare the composition of ...
Louer Craig R - - 2012
Obesity and joint injury are primary risk factors for osteoarthritis (OA) that involve potential alterations in the biomechanical and inflammatory environments of the joint. Posttraumatic arthritis is a frequent long-term complication of intraarticular fractures. Obesity has been linked to primary OA and may potentially contribute to the development of posttraumatic ...
Vas Jaya - - 2012
Naturally arising IgM antibodies (NAb) to apoptotic cell (AC) determinants are present from birth and can be further induced by AC challenge. In systemic lupus erythematosus, lower anti-AC NAb levels have been associated with higher disease activity. We have recently shown that a prototypical AC-specific IgM NAb can suppress proinflammatory ...
Elkousy Hussein - - 2012
Arthroscopic lateral release refers to an arthroscopic procedure that incises the lateral stabilizing structures of the patella, in particular, the lateral retinaculum. The lateral retinaculum attaches the lateral patella to the lateral femoral epicondyle, the iliotibial band, and the anterolateral tibia. Arthroscopic lateral release rarely is performed as an isolated ...
Soon R L - - 2012
Contact angle analysis of cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH) describes the tendency of a water droplet to spread across a lawn of filtered bacterial cells. Colistin-induced disruption of the Gram-negative outer membrane necessitates hydrophobic contacts with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). We aimed to characterize the CSH of Acinetobacter baumannii using contact angles, to ...
Payeli Sravan K SK University of Zurich, Zurich, - - 2012
Spondylarthritides (SpA), including ankylosing spondylitis (AS), are common inflammatory rheumatic diseases that are strongly associated with positivity for the HLA class I allotype B27. HLA-B27 normally forms complexes with β(2) -microglobulin (β(2) m) and peptide to form heterotrimers. However, an unusual characteristic of HLA-B27 is its ability to form β(2) ...
Ngigi Anastasiah N - - 2012
In this study soils from sugarcane-cultivated fields were screened for bacterial species capable of atrazine (6-chloro-N(2)-ethyl-N(4)-isopropyl-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine) degradation due to long exposure of the soils to this herbicide. To enrich for atrazine degraders, Minimal Salt Medium containing atrazine as the sole N source and glucose as the C source was inoculated ...
Broznić Dalibor - - 2012
Sorption-desorption behavior of imidacloprid in six soils collected from five coastal regions in Croatia at 20, 30 and 40°C was investigated using batch equilibrium technique. Isothermal data were applied to Freundlich, Langmuir and Temkin equations, and the thermodynamic parameters ΔH°, ΔG°, ΔS° were calculated. The sorption isotherm curves were non-linear ...
Paracampo Ariel H - - 2012
Persistence of toxicity in runoff water and soil was investigated in experimental soybean plots subjected to successive runoff events following pesticide application. Runoff events were produced by irrigation using a sprinkler system. The pesticides applied were cypermethrin and endosulfan, which are widely used in soy production in Argentina. Toxicity tests ...
Li Jianfa - - 2012
A novel composite gel composed of carboxymethyl-chitosan (CM-chit) and bentonite (H-bent) was used as the carrier for encapsulating atrazine and imidacloprid to control their release in water and retard their leaching in soil. Strong interactions between CM-chit and H-bent in the composite were confirmed by FT-IR, and good dispersion of ...
Zhao Jianhui - - 2012
Autologous fat transplantation has become a prevalent option for soft-tissue augmentation throughout the body. However, there is still much controversy over whether the fat grafts have survived or have been replaced in the recipient sites and over how the vessels grow. After C57BL/6-gfp mice and C57BL/6 mice were paired randomly, ...
Gupta Bina - - 2012
In order to evaluate the deleterious effects of exposure to pesticides on a target population, a comprehensive study on their degradation in the various segments of ecosystem under varying environmental conditions is needed. In view of this, a study has been carried out on the metabolic pathways of thiram, a ...
Bisewska Joanna - - 2012
In this study, we evaluate the toxicity of MCPA (auxin-like growth inhibitor), chloridazon (CHD) (PSII-inhibitor) and their mixtures to floating plants and planktonic algae. Toxicity of MCPA (4-chloro-2-methylphenoxyacetic acid) and CHD (5-amino-4-chloro-2-phenyl-3(2H)-pyridazinone) was first assessed in two growth inhibition tests with Lemna minor (ISO/DIS 20079) and Desmodesmus subspicatus (ISO 8692). ...
Stefanelli Patrizia - - 2012
In the analytical analysis the measurement uncertainty is a quantitative indicator of the confidence describing the range around a reported or experimental result within which the true value can be expected. Several approaches can be used to estimate the measurement uncertainty associated to the analysis of pesticide residues: a) the ...
Constantian Mark B - - 2012
There is little evidence-based information on secondary rhinoplasty patient motivations for surgery, satisfaction, or revision rates. The charts of 150 consecutive patients (121 women and 29 men) who underwent secondary rhinoplasty between July of 2007 and October of 2008 were reviewed; preoperative deformity severity was graded from 1 to 5. ...
Zhou Shuanhu - - 2012
Vitamin D is important for bone health, with low vitamin D levels being associated with skeletal fragility and fractures. Among its other biological activities, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)(2) D), stimulates the in vitro differentiation of human marrow stromal cells (hMSCs) to osteoblasts, which can be monitored by increases in alkaline phosphatase ...
Berry Cristine E - - 2012
Health-related quality-of-life (HRQL) measures have been correlated with lung function in patients with COPD and interstitial lung disease (ILD). However, different pathophysiologic mechanisms may influence how these distinct diseases affect HRQL, resulting in differing HRQL by pulmonary diagnosis among patients with similar severity of ventilatory impairment. The National Heart, Lung, ...
Crowson Cynthia S - - 2012
Infection risk is increased in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and accurate assessment of the risk of infection could inform clinical decision-making. This study was undertaken to develop and validate a score to predict the 1-year risk of serious infection in patients with RA. We studied a population-based cohort of ...
Easley Sarah K - - 2012
Resorption cavities formed during bone remodeling may act as "stress risers" and impair cancellous bone strength, but biomechanical analyses of the effects of stress risers have been limited. To provide further insight, we assessed the theoretical biomechanical effects of virtually-added resorption cavities in cancellous bone specimens spanning a wide range ...
Steen Virginia - - 2012
Epidemiology studies suggest that systemic sclerosis (SSc) is more common, occurs at a younger age, and is more severe in African Americans than Caucasians. However, the scleroderma autoantibody profile is very different between these 2 ethnic groups. This study was undertaken to examine the demographic and disease features, frequency and ...
Degidi Marco - - 2012
Few histologic and histomorphometric reports are present in the literature regarding the peri-implant bone response around implants inserted in sinuses grafted with different biomaterials. Anorganic bovine bone (ABB) and anorganic bovine matrix with the addition of an active cell-binding peptide (PepGen P-15) are xenogenic materials that have been reported to ...
Rotundo Roberto - - 2012
The aim of this case report study was to demonstrate the use of a new collagen matrix as an alternative to the connective tissue graft for the treatment of multiple gingival recessions. Three women showing 11 maxillary gingival recessions were treated by means of the envelope flap technique associated with ...
Ghezzi Carlo - - 2012
The aim of this case report is to histologically evaluate periapical healing after combined endodontic-periodontic treatment. A maxillary left central incisor was treated with conventional endodontic therapy, followed by periodontal surgery. The facial bony defect was filled with a mixture of autologous bone and Bio-Oss. A resorbable membrane was used. ...
Fulda Simone - - 2012
Autophagy exerts dual functions in cancer, acting as both a tumor suppressor, for example, by preventing the accumulation of damaged proteins and organelles, and as a tumor promoter that supports tumor growth. Many anticancer therapies engage autophagy as part of a cellular response. However, the question of whether or not ...
Biscaro Leonello - - 2012
A titanium implant with an acid-etched surface was placed simultaneously with sinus floor elevation in a severely resorbed ridge of a 52-year-old man. The height of the residual crest was less than 3 mm, and no bone substitute was used to graft the sinus cavity. Six months after placement, the ...
Nevins Myron - - 2012
Previous preclinical and clinical studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of precisely configured laser-ablated microgrooves placed on implant collars to allow direct connective tissue attachment to the implant surface. A recent canine study examining laser-ablated microgrooves placed in a defined healing abutment area demonstrated similar findings. In both instances, direct connective ...
Perelman-Karmon Mally - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to compare extraction sites augmented with bovine bone mineral (BBM) with and without resorbable membrane coverage. BBM particles were grafted in fresh human extraction sockets of 23 patients; in 12 of these patients, a guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane was applied. After 9 months ...
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