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Results 201 - 250 of 6076
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Accanto Nicolò - - 2012
We have measured the intrinsic exciton dephasing in high-quality zinc blende CdSe/CdS colloidal quantum dots in the temperature range from 5 to 170 K using a sensitive three-beam photon echo technique in heterodyne detection, which is not affected by spectral diffusion. Pure dephasing via acoustic phonons dominates the initial dynamics, ...
Wan Rong - - 2012
Nanotechnology is a fast growing emerging field, the benefits of which are widely publicized. Our current knowledge of the health effects of metal nanoparticles such as nanosized cobalt (Nano-Co) and titanium dioxide (Nano-TiO(2)) is limited but suggests that metal nanoparticles may exert more adverse pulmonary effects as compared with standard-sized ...
Herva Maria E - - 2012
Prions consist of PrP (Sc), a misfolded version of the cellular protein PrP (C). They occur in a variety of strains that share the amino acid sequence of PrP but differ in phenotypic properties, such as cell tropism and pathogenicity; strain-ness is attributed to the conformation of PrP (Sc). To ...
Kim Hong-Suk HS Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3202, - - 2012
In contrast to homotrimeric transporters of the RND (resistance-nodulation-division) superfamily, which often conduct efflux transport of a wide range of substrates by the functionally rotating mechanism, the mechanism utilized by the heterotrimeric members of this family, which also perform multidrug efflux, is unclear. We examined one heterotrimeric transporter, the MdtB(2)C ...
Saxena Aakarsh A EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh, United - - 2012
Catalytic enantioselective methods for the preparation of chiral azaarene-containing compounds are of high value. By combining the utility of copper hydride catalysis with the ability of C═N-containing azaarenes to activate adjacent alkenes toward nucleophilic additions, the enantioselective reductive coupling of alkenylazaarenes with ketones has been developed. The process is tolerant ...
Furchi Marco - - 2012
There is an increasing interest in using graphene (1, 2) for optoelectronic applications. (3-19) However, because graphene is an inherently weak optical absorber (only ≈2.3% absorption), novel concepts need to be developed to increase the absorption and take full advantage of its unique optical properties. We demonstrate that by monolithically ...
Huo Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation of focal atrial tachycardias (AT) is a validated technique with high success rates. However, electrophysiological (EP) characteristics and ablation strategy of localized reentrant AT originating from the coronary sinus ostium (CSo) have not been reported in detail so far. METHODS: From January 2009 to July 2010, 1,453 ...
Guembe M - - 2012
Information on the impact of care bundles has been mainly acquired in adult intensive care units (ICUs). However, specific data for educational programs are scarce. Our objective was to analyze the impact of an educational program on the knowledge and prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) in two pediatric intensive ...
Eschle D - - 2012
Patients with Parkinson's disease or parkinsonism are hospitalized more frequently, suffer more complications, have longer inpatient stays and are less frequently discharged directly to home. Their medication is often discontinued during hospitalization, leading to numerous complications such as akinetic crises with more falls, pressure ulcers, pulmonary problems, need for more ...
Bertera Facundo Martín - - 2012
Cardiovascular effects and pharmacokinetics of nebivolol were assessed in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) animals. Male SH and WKY rats were treated with vehicle or nebivolol 0.3, 3, or 10 mg kg(-1) (i.v.) and effects on blood pressure (BP), heart rate, and blood pressure variability (BPV) were recorded. Plasma ...
Salvador Andreia F - - 2012
Methanogenic archaea are reported as very sensitive to lipids and long chain fatty acids (LCFA). Therefore, in conventional anaerobic processes, methane recovery during LCFA-rich wastewater treatment is usually low. By applying a start-up strategy, based on a sequence of step feeding and reaction cycles, an oleate-rich wastewater was efficiently treated ...
Wu Chenchen - - 2012
Red-colored bones were first found in Guishan goats in the 1980s, and they were subsequently designated red-boned Guishan goats. However, the difference remains unclear between the bone mineral density (BMD) or elemental composition in bones between red-boned Guishan goats and common Guishan goats. Analysis of femoral bone samples by dual-energy ...
Holbro A - - 2012
We report the case of a 76-year old woman, who presented with signs of a meningoencephalitis. The result of lumbar puncture showed a mononuclear pleocytosis. Empirical antimicrobial treatment was promptly initiated. Nevertheless a comatose state complicated the clinical course. The diagnosis of neuroborreliosis was made serologically and by molecular biology. ...
Gutleb Arno C - - 2012
Persistent organic pollutants are widely distributed in the environment and lots of toxicological data are available. However, little is known on the intracellular fate of such compounds. Here a method applying secondary ion mass spectrometry is described that can be used to visualize cellular localization of halogenated compounds and to ...
Sciotto Caterina - - 2012
The levels of trans isomers of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acid and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in 77 omega-3 products on the European market have been studied. Fatty acids were analyzed as fatty acid methyl esters by gas chromatography with a flame ionization detector, using a cyanopropyl coated stationary phase. The amount of ...
Wada Mitsuhiro - - 2012
We describe the use of hair roots as a matrix for detection of methamphetamine (MP) and 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) abuse. The concentration of drugs was determined in rat hair roots, hair shafts, and plasma after a single administration of MP or MDMA, by use of an HPLC-peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence (PO-CL) method involving ...
Cervantes Francisco J - - 2012
The aim of this study was to elucidate the kinetic constraints during the redox biotransformation of the azo dye, Reactive Red 2 (RR2), and carbon tetrachloride (CT) mediated by soluble humic acids (HA(s)) and immobilized humic acids (HA(i)), as well as by the quinoid model compounds, anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS) and 1,2-naphthoquinone-4-sulfonate ...
Matsushita Itsuka - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report a case of posterior microphthalmos caused by novel compound heterozygous mutations in the membrane-type frizzled-related protein (MFRP) gene. METHODS: A 9-year-old girl with posterior microphthalmos underwent a standard ophthalmological examination and genetic screening by direct sequencing. RESULTS: The patient had a short axial length, high hyperopia, crowded ...
Marques-Vidal P - - 2012
Venous symptoms and quality of life (QOL) of 78 patients (54 women, mean age 49,5±13,3 years) with primary superficial venous insufficiency (PSVI) were compared at one year after treatment with crossectomy and stripping (C/S, 56 patients) or endovenous laser ablation (EVLA, 22 patients) using the VEINES-QOL questionnaire. Both treatments significantly ...
Zhang Chunjing - - 2012
In the present work, trace elemental analysis of mace (Myristica fragrans Houtt) was carried out by the atomic absorption spectrometry technique. The concentrations of various elements analyzed in this medicine were ranked in decreasing order: selenium (Se) > zinc (Zn) > magnesium (Mg) > iron (Fe) > calcium (Ca) > manganese (Mn) > lead (Pb). The concentrations of Mg, Zn, Fe, Mn, ...
Dempfle C-E - - 2012
New oral anticoagulants, such as dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban display pharmacologic and pharmacodynamic data similar to low molecular weight heparins. Peak levels are found 2-4 h after oral ingestion and elimination half-lives are in the range of 7-14 h. The drugs differ primarily concerning renal elimination. Dose adjustment is only performed ...
Osterspey A - - 2012
The standardized and constant fixed-dose rate, no necessity for a close and regular blood monitoring as well as the small number of interactions with other drugs and daily food make therapy with the new oral anticoagulants dabigatran and rivaroxaban and in future presumably apixaban much easier and more feasible than ...
Ayala Marcelo - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine a threshold waveform score (WS) for the best score value (BSV) in the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA). Retrospective study. One hundred and thirty-three healthy adults were recruited. Measurements were done with the ORA 2.04. Two hundred and sixty-six eyes were analyzed. Mean ...
Gerber L - - 2012
A 42-year old woman was referred for a metabolic evaluation after two episodes of kidney stones. Her laboratory results revealed a normal anion-gap metabolic acidosis, a marked hypocitraturia (0,6 mmol/24h; norm 1,6-4,5) and a urinary pH of 7,0 confirming renal tubular acidosis (RTA). We identified topiramate, our patient's medication for ...
Paschal Catherine Randall CR Weill Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Cornell University, New York, NY 10065, - - 2012
Polo-like kinase 1 (Plk1) is an essential mitotic regulator and undergoes periodic phosphorylation on threonine 210, a conserved residue in the kinase's activation loop. While phosphate-mimicking alterations of T210 stimulate Plk1's kinase activity in vitro, their effects on cell cycle regulation in vivo remain controversial. Using gene targeting, we replaced ...
Hori Daijiro - - 2012
A 75-year-old female was admitted to our hospital with sudden back pain and right leg ischemia. Computed tomography showed acute type A aortic dissection with the occlusion of the right common iliac artery. The patient was treated with ascending aorta replacement and femoro-femoral bypass. Three hours after the operation, the ...
Moya Pablo R - - 2012
The serotonin transporter (SERT) is a key regulatory molecule in serotonergic transmission implicated in numerous biological processes relevant to human disorders. Recently, it was shown that SERT expression is controlled by miR-16 in mouse brain. Here, we show that SERT expression is regulated additionally by miR-15a as well as miR-16 ...
Fedrowitz Maren - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: Concerns about adverse health effects of environmental exposure to 50/60 Hz magnetic fields (MF) have initiated numerous studies on laboratory animals with varying outcomes. Previously, we reported that rat strains responded differently to MF regarding mammary cell proliferation and tumor development indicating that (epi)genetic factors might influence MF ...
Eichelbaum Maik - - 2012
Don't touch! Without electrode contacts, but contact-free with microwaves in a resonant cavity the electronic conductivity of a VPO powder catalyst could be measured under the reaction conditions of the selective oxidation of n-butane to maleic anhydride. As a result, a linear correlation between conductivity and formation rate of maleic ...
De Vleeschouwer Steven - - 2012
PURPOSE: Adult patients with relapsed high-grade glioma are a very heterogenous group with, however, an invariably dismal prognosis. We stratified patients with relapsed high-grade glioma treated with re-operation and postoperative dendritic cell (DC) vaccination according to a simple recursive partitioning analysis (RPA) model to predict outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Based ...
Bodipati Naganjaneyulu - - 2012
A simple and efficient method for the synthesis of p-quinone monoimide ketals and p-benzoquinone monoketals by using a hypervalent iodine reagent, diacetoxyiodobenzene, has been developed. These two types of ketals are achieved from a single starting material by varying the reaction conditions.
Bello-Silva Marina Stella - - 2012
This study aimed to evaluate the possibility of introducing ultra-short pulsed lasers (USPL) in restorative dentistry by maintaining the well-known benefits of lasers for caries removal, but also overcoming disadvantages, such as thermal damage of irradiated substrate. USPL ablation of dental hard tissues was investigated in two phases. Phase 1-different ...
Ramma Wenda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Severe preeclampsia is associated with increased neutrophil activation and elevated serum soluble endoglin (sEng) and soluble Flt-1 (sFlt-1) in the maternal circulation. To dissect the contribution of systemic inflammation and anti-angiogenic factors in preeclampsia, we investigated the relationships between the circulating markers of neutrophil activation and anti-angiogenic factors in ...
Bonora Enzo - - 2012
NAFLD is very common in the general population and its prevalence is increasing worldwide in parallel with the increasing incidences of obesity and metabolic diseases, mainly type 2 diabetes. In some cases, however, the diagnosis of NAFLD remains uncertain because other causes of liver disease are not easy to exclude ...
Rasmussen Jan - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Several episodes of sudden death among young Faroese individuals have been associated with primary carnitine deficiency (PCD). Patients suffering from PCD have low carnitine levels and can present with metabolic and/or cardiac complications. Pivalic acid exposure decreases carnitine levels. The purpose of this study was to investigate and describe ...
Bille Andrea - - 2012
AIM: Surgery for recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces is one of the most commonly performed procedures in thoracic surgery, but few studies have evaluated the efficacy of the surgical treatment options. We aimed to evaluate the influence of the type of pleurodesis on recurrence whilst adjusting for surgical access by systematic review ...
Rudkowska Iwona - - 2013
Insulin resistance in skeletal muscle is an early phenomenon in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. Muscle is mainly responsible for insulin-stimulated glucose clearance from the bloodstream. Thus, regulation of gene expression in muscle tissue may be involved in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance. The objective was to investigate gene ...
Liu Cui-Bo - - 2012
Trifluoroethylation made easy: The ease of execution of the reaction, which runs under mild conditions and without the need for additional base or ligands, allows for the rapid parallel synthesis of a broad variety of trifluoroethylated alkynes. Both experimental and theoretical analyses indicate that the trifluoromethylcarbene could undergo concerted insertion ...
Treglia Giorgio - - 2012
To systematically review published data on the role of positron emission tomography (PET) or PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) using either Carbon-11 ((11)C) or Fluorine-18 ((18)F) choline tracer in tumors other than prostatic cancer. A comprehensive literature search of studies published in PubMed/MEDLINE and Embase databases through January 2012 and regarding (11)C-choline ...
Poole Gary - - 2012
The challenges of teaching students to reflect on experience and, thus, learn from it, are better understood with the application of constructs from cognitive psychology. The present paper focuses on two such constructs-self-schemas and scripts-to help educators better understand both the threats and opportunities associated with effective reflection. Emotion is ...
Zengin A - - 2012
Background:Estrogen deficiency increases body weight or total and central adiposity and decreases energy expenditure. Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) expression is altered by estrogen deficiency in rodents, but the long-term consequences on energy homeostasis are unknown.Objective:To investigate the role of NPY in the changes in energy expenditure and physical activity, as ...
Xie Bo - - 2012
Tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNF) and internleukin-1 (IL-1) are the most potent proinflammatory cytokines involving in autoimmune and inflammatory human diseases. Many anti-inflammatory agents have been exploited for anti-inflammation treatments by targeting cytokines including TNF and IL-1. Theoretically, simultaneously neutralizing or blocking two important inflammatory mediators may achieve a synergistic ...
Assadi Farahnak - - 2012
Currently, it is clear that primary hypertension begins in childhood and that it contributes to the early development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hypertension also increases the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and that risk rises as blood pressure levels escalate. As among adult patients, overweight and obesity rates ...
Keramaris Nikolaos C - - 2012
Fracture healing is a complex physiological process. Local vascularity at the site of the fracture has been established as one of the most important factors influencing the healing process, and lack of vascularity has been implicated in atrophic non unions. Existing research has primarily involved utilising Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) ...
D'Haens Geert - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:Treatment with mesalamine to maintain endoscopic remission (mucosal healing) of ulcerative colitis (UC) has been shown to reduce the risk of relapse and is the recommended first-line maintenance therapy. To improve treatment adherence, a mesalamine formulation that can be administered once-daily, MMX® mesalamine (Lialda; Shire Pharmaceuticals LLC, Wayne, PA), was ...
Misra R D K - - 2012
The rapid adsorption of proteins is the starting and primary biological response that occurs when a biomedical device is implanted in the physiological system. The biological response, however, depends on the surface characteristics of the device. Considering the significant interest in nano-/ultrafine surfaces and nanostructured coatings, we describe here, the ...
Lund Line - - 2012
Aims. To develop a questionnaire for cancer patients' informal caregivers, measuring the caregiving tasks and consequences, and the caregivers' needs with a main focus on the interaction with the health care professionals. Such an instrument is needed to evaluate the efforts directed towards caregivers in the health care system. Material ...
Mach Pavel - - 2012
The geometric and electronic structure of donor-acceptor complexes of TCNE with aniline, o-, m- and p- aminopyridines and pyridine has been studied in gas phase and in solution using CC2, TDDFT and CIS methods. Concerning interaction energy between particular donor and TCNE acceptor it is fairly described by both CC2 ...
Chiviacowsky S - - 2012
Background  The present study examined whether the learning benefits of an external focus of attention (i.e. on the movement effect) relative to an internal focus (i.e. on the movement), found previously in non-disabled children and adults would also be found in children with intellectual disabilities (IDs). Methods  Participants (n = 24; average ...
Migliario Mario - - 2012
This in vitro experimental study has been designed to assess the effects of photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) on human keratinocytes proliferation. Human keratinocytes (HaCaT) monolayers (∼0.5 cm(2)) have been irradiated with 635 nm red laser light with a fluence of 82.5 or 112.5 J/cm(2) in the absence or presence of toluidine (TB). Cell ...
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