Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2526
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Bucher B - - 2012
Hypertension has been estimated to affect 20 - 25% of the adult population and represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease like coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral artery occlusive disease. In addition, hypertension supports the development and progression of chronic kidney insufficiency. The interaction of multiple genetic and ...
Roy Aniruddha - - 2012
PURPOSE: Cancer is a multifactorial syndrome; hence, multidimensional therapy with a chemo-immunotherapeutic conjugate could be more effective in curing the disease. METHODS: We used SP-LPS, a bio-polymer having potent immunostimulatory activity, for conjugation with paclitaxel to make a chemo-immunotherapeutic conjugate. Its physicochemical characterization was done by HPLC, NMR and IR ...
Piao Jiang-Hu - - 2012
Highly coordinated expression of inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines is crucial for maintaining homeostasis of the gut that is constantly exposed to large amounts of commensal bacteria. We have previously reported that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor (Traf)2(-/-) mice spontaneously develop severe colitis and that the development of colitis largely ...
Baek Seung Don - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Clinically, it may be appropriate to subdivide patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) into two subgroups, as they show different risks for kidney outcomes. This study evaluated the proportion of patients with stage 3 CKD who progressed to stage 4 or 5 CKD over 10 years ...
Howell Della L - - 2012
Neuroendocrine tumors, often referred to as carcinoid tumors, are relatively rare within the pediatric and young adult populations. However, when they do occur, the more aggressive tumors can be associated with significant morbidity and even mortality in this younger age group. This article reviews the history of pediatric neuroendocrine tumors, ...
Park Bek-San - - 2012
Objective: Conus medullaris syndrome (CMS) is a clinical neurologic syndrome caused by a conus medullaris lesion. CMS is a heterogeneous entity with various etiologies such as trauma or a space-occupying lesion. Multiple cases of CMS following spinal anesthesia have been reported, but CMS after radioisotope (RI) cisternography has not yet ...
Lynn Elizabeth T - - 2012
This large retrospective study presents the largest colovesical fistula (CVF) series to date. We report on recurrence risk factors and patient satisfaction based on quality of life after CVF repair. Approval was obtained from The Mount Sinai School of Medicine Institutional Review Board, and a retrospective review was performed from ...
Auclair Geneviève - - 2012
This paper discusses the organization of mental health care for youth in Nunavik and considers how best to adapt care to the sociocultural and geographical specificities of this region. Services are described and discussed by a general practitioner and a community worker in Nunavik. Current social and medical care delivery ...
Lang Shih-Shan - - 2012
The true postoperative incidence of arteriovenous malformation (AVM) recurrence in the pediatric population remains largely unreported. Some literature suggests that delayed imaging studies should be obtained at 6 months to 1 year after negative findings on a postoperative angiogram. The aim of this study was to describe the timing of ...
Fernandez-Mendoza Julio - - 2012
Approximately 8-10% of the general population suffers from chronic insomnia, whereas another 20-30% of the population has insomnia symptoms at any given time (i.e., poor sleep). However, few longitudinal studies have examined risk factors of the natural history of poor sleep, and none have examined the role of polysomnographic (PSG) ...
Zhang Ming - - 2012
Abstract Objective. A model for living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) outcomes, in concert with pretransplant disease severity assessment, would facilitate informed decision-making on both sides considering donation and transplantation. So far, however, few of studies have focused on models specifically for adult-to-adult right-lobe LDLT recipients with benign end-stage liver diseases. ...
Ishii Yoshihito - - 2012
Abstract Objective. In root coverage treatment, periodontal regeneration in gingival recession-type defects is an important challenge for the periodontist. The aim of this study was to histometrically investigate the effect of combined use of basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) and beta tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) on root coverage in dogs. Materials ...
Langford-Smith Alexander - - 2012
Mucopolysaccharidosis IIIA (MPS IIIA or Sanfilippo disease) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by a deficiency in the lysosomal enzyme sulfamidase (SGSH), catabolizing heparan sulfate (HS). Affected children present with severe behavioral abnormalities, sleep disturbances, and progressive neurodegeneration, leading to death in their second decade. MPS I, a similar neurodegenerative disease ...
Stommel M - - 2012
Objectives:To investigate temporal changes in the bias associated with self-reported (as opposed to measured) body mass index (BMI) and explore the relationship of such bias to changing social attitudes towards obesity.Methods:Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey covering two time periods, 1988-1994 and 2005-2008, discrepancy scores between ...
Katanuma Akio - - 2012
We report a case of the patient who underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) for refractory bile duct stenosis due to chronic pancreatitis. The patient had repeatedly undergone endoscopic biliary stenting for bile duct stenosis due to chronic pancreatitis. Because of repeated relapses of cholangitis and jaundice, transpapillary treatment was ...
Dogan Nasuh Utku - - 2012
To investigate the involvement of lymph nodes in para-aortic (PA) region particularly above and below the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) in patients with endometrial cancer who had complete systemic pelvic and PA lymphadenectomy. A total of 165 consecutive patients with endometrial cancer surgically staged from January 2008 to March 2011 ...
Lickliter Robert - - 2012
Blair and Raver (2012) have provided an organism-in-environment conceptualization of the development of stress response physiology and its relation to the development of self-regulation. They argue that we must consider the context in which self-regulation and stress reactivity occur to understand their implications for developmental outcome. More generally, they present ...
- - 2012
Zaykowski, H., & Gunter, W. (2012). Youth Victimization: School Climate or Deviant Lifestyles? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 27, 431-452. Original DOI: 10.1177/0886260511421678.
Abraham George P - - 2012
A retrocaval ureter is a rare congenital cause of upper ureteric obstruction that results from entrapment of the upper ureter by the inferior vena cava (IVC) as it courses posterior to the cava. We report an interesting scenario of upper ureteric obstruction secondary to entrapment between twin segments of IVC.
Sugiura Takamasa - - 2012
PURPOSE: For accurate evaluation of myocardial perfusion on computed tomography images, precise identification of the myocardial borders of the left ventricle (LV) is mandatory. In this article, we propose a method to detect the contour of LV myocardium automatically and accurately. METHODS: Our detection method is based on active shape ...
Lim Soon-Mi - - 2012
The ability to measure real-time mechanosensitive events at the subcellular level in response to discrete mechanical stimulation is a critical component in understanding mechanically-induced cellular remodeling. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) were transfected with RhoA constructs (wild type, dominant negative or constitutively active) or treated with ML-7 to induce specific ...
Wang Huanhuan - - 2012
A palladium-catalyzed tandem reaction of 2-alkynylphenol with 2-alkynylvinyl bromide gives rise to cyclopenta[c]chromenes in good yields. Three bonds are formed during the process and a double insertion of triple bonds is believed to be the key step.
Arsenault Kyle A - - 2012
Limitations of commonly used anticoagulants, unfractionated heparin, low-molecular-weight heparin, and oral vitamin K antagonists have prompted the development of alternative therapies. Direct thrombin inhibitors are a new class of anticoagulants that bind directly to thrombin and inhibit its interaction with substrates. In this Review, we critically examine the evidence from ...
Zhou Jinqing - - 2012
In the current study, a convenient and simple way is presented to synthesize a novel type of supported heterogeneous organocatalyst in 21-81% yield by the copolymerization of 9-amino-9-deoxy-epi-cinchonine organocatalyst with acrylonitrile using AIBN as radical initiator. The chemical compositions (x/y) and weight-average molecular weights of copolymers were determined by (1)H ...
Abreu S S Research Centre for Physical Activity, Health and Leisure, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal. - - 2012
Dairy foods comprise a range of products with varying nutritional content. The intake of dairy products (DPs) has been shown to have beneficial effects on body weight and body fat. This study aimed to examine the independent association between DP intake, body mass index (BMI), and percentage body fat (%BF) ...
Takeuchi Yoji - - 2012
Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for colorectal neoplasm is a promising endoscopic therapy with a high rate of successful en bloc resection, ESD for colorectal neoplasm is not a health-care service provided by Japanese public heath insurance, yet. Now, ESD for colorectal neoplasm has been approved as an 'advanced medical ...
Yaffe Kristine - - 2012
Epidemiological studies increasingly inform Alzheimer's disease (AD) public health impact, prevention strategies, drug targets, therapeutic interventions, and clinical trial design. For this reason, the Alzheimer's Association Research Roundtable convened an international group of AD experts with experience in conducting both observational and clinical trials for a meeting on October 19 ...
Noles Nicholaus S - - 2012
Sloutsky and Fisher (2012) attempt to reframe the results presented in Noles and Gelman (2012) as a pure replication of their original work validating the similarity, induction, naming, and categorization (SINC) model. However, their critique fails to engage with the central findings reported in Noles and Gelman, and their reanalysis ...
Costanzo María Emilia - - 2012
Little is known regarding production and function of endogenous jasmonates (JAs) in root nodules of soybean plants inoculated with Bradyrhizobium japonicum. We investigated (1) production of jasmonic acid (JA) and 12-oxophytodienoic acid (OPDA) in roots of control and inoculated plants and in isolated nodules; (2) correlations between JAs levels, nodule ...
Mitchell Jennifer M - - 2012
Emerging evidence suggests that the α4β2 form of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) modulates the rewarding effects of alcohol. The nAChR α4β2 subunit partial agonist varenicline (Chantix™), which is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for smoking cessation, also decreases ethanol consumption in rodents (Steensland et al., Proc Natl ...
Zhao Dong - - 2012
With the increasing globalization of clinical research and evidence, clinical-practice guidelines (CPGs) developed by the European Union (EU) and the USA are also becoming increasingly international. However, these CPGs can encounter barriers to their practical application. In this Perspectives article, we analyze the main obstacles to the application of EU ...
Chung Elaine Y - - 2012
PAX5, a B cell-specific transcription factor, is overexpressed through chromosomal translocations in a subset of B cell lymphomas. Previously, we had shown that activation of immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM) proteins and B cell receptor (BCR) signaling by PAX5 contributes to B-lymphomagenesis. However, the effect of PAX5 on other oncogenic ...
Mannucci P M - - 2012
Summary.  Current treatment for haemophilia provides excellent efficacy and safety albeit with a number of unresolved issues. The development of inhibitors following treatment with factor VIII (FVIII) is the most challenging complication of haemophilia and bears the highest economic burden for a chronic disease. Moreover, prophylactic therapy for haemophilia requires ...
Boggild Miranda - - 2012
Background and Objectives: Concussion is a prevalent brain injury in the community. While primary prevention strategies need to be enhanced, it is also important to diagnose and treat concussions expertly and expeditiously to prevent serious complications that may be life-threatening or long lasting. Therefore, physicians should be knowledgeable about the ...
Stuhlmiller Timothy J - - 2012
The neural crest is a migratory population of embryonic cells with a tremendous potential to differentiate and contribute to nearly every organ system in the adult body. Over the past two decades, an incredible amount of research has given us a reasonable understanding of how these cells are generated. Neural ...
Riva-Cambrin Jay - - 2012
There is little consensus regarding the indications for surgical CSF diversion (either with implanted temporizing devices [reservoir or subgaleal shunt] or shunt alone) in preterm infants with posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus. The authors determined clinical and neuroimaging factors associated with the use of surgical CSF diversion among neonates with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), ...
Dan Meixia - - 2012
Double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) can induce antiviral enzyme 2',5'-oligoadenylate synthetase (2'5'AS) expression and activate latent 2'5'AS. Our previous data have shown pancreatic β cells are sensitive to dsRNA-induced 2'5'AS expression, and constitutive high basal 2'5'AS expression is associated with susceptibility to developing type 1 diabetes (T1D), a disease due to pancreatic ...
Neier Michelle - - 2012
Melanoma is rare in children and young adults. The incidence is rising yearly in this population. The clinical features of the disease in the pediatric population have been well documented through single-institution experiences and population-based analyses. Still, our understanding of the etiologic factors in the majority of children remains unclear, ...
Lian Kevin - - 2012
Purpose: To compare North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) stenosis values and NASCET grade categorization (mild, moderate, severe) of semi-automated vessel analysis software versus manual measurements on computed tomography angiography (CTA). Methods: There were four observers. Two independently analyzed 81 carotid artery CTAs using semi-automated vessel analysis software according ...
Steele Margaret - - 2012
This study examined the referral patterns of rural/remote primary care physicians (PCPs) as well as their needs and interests for further training in child/adolescent mental health. Surveys were mailed to Canadian rural/remote PCPs requesting participants' demographic information, training and qualifications, referral patterns, and identification of needs and interests for continuing ...
Sandler Adam L - - 2012
On December 5, 1960, 4-month-old Theo Dahl, the only son of best-selling author Roald Dahl (1916-1990), had his skull shattered in a horrific traffic accident. What began as a personal tragedy for the Dahl family would soon evolve into a dogged crusade by Dahl to expand upon preexisting valve technology ...
Delazer Margarete - - 2012
This study was designed to assess decision making and executive functions in patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). IRBD is often seen as an early sign of later evolving neurodegenerative disease, most importantly Parkinson disease (PD) and Lewy body dementia (DLB). It has been proposed that iRBD patients ...
Zeng Sicong - - 2012
ERBB2/HER2/NEU, a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor family, is overexpressed in more than 25 % of non-small cell lung cancer and is considered to be a significant and independent prognostic factor in lung cancer. Here we generated a lung specific HER2 overexpressing transgenic mouse model. In this model, HER2 ...
Bubenhofer Stephanie B - - 2012
The electrical properties of transparent, conductive layers prepared from nanoparticle dispersions of doped oxides are highly sensitive to impurities. Production of cost-effective thin conducting films for consumer electronics often employs wet processing such as spin and/or dip coating of surfactant-stabilized nanoparticle dispersions. This inherently results in entrainment of organic and ...
Ito Kei - - 2012
The causes of benign biliary stricture include chronic pancreatitis, primary/immunoglobulin G4-related sclerosing cholangitis and complications of surgical procedures. Biliary stricture due to fibrosis as a result of inflammation is sometimes encountered in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Frey's procedure, which can provide pancreatic duct drainage with decompression of biliary stricture, can ...
Jajoo Mamta - - 2012
Candida endocarditis is extremely rare in term neonates, and gall bladder involvement due to candidemia has never been reported amongst neonates and infants. A term, appropriate for gestational age neonate developed Candida tropicalis blood stream infection in second week of life. He was started on conventional amphotericin B. However, he ...
van der Ven Elsje - - 2012
Objective: To explore differences in severity and nature of symptoms of first-episode psychosis (FEP) according to ethnic group and migrant status. Method: We administered rating scales to assess positive and negative symptoms, as well as general psychopathology, to 301 consecutive patients presenting with an FEP within a defined catchment area ...
Dodge Kenneth A KA Center for Child and Family Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. - - 2012
Ellis et al. (2012) bring an evolutionary perspective to bear on adolescent risky behavioral development, clinical practice, and public policy. The authors offer important insights that (a) some risky behaviors may be adaptive for the individual and the species by being hard-wired due to fitness benefits and (b) interventions might ...
Ying Ko Chung - - 2012
Autism is not generally well understood by the community in the West or in Asia. A diagnosis of autism is distressing for all families. When families receive the diagnosis they are often not able to fully appreciate what it means or process the information given to them. Booklets exist in ...
Bowers Jeffrey S - - 2012
According to Bayesian theories in psychology and neuroscience, minds and brains are (near) optimal in solving a wide range of tasks. We challenge this view and argue that more traditional, non-Bayesian approaches are more promising. We make 3 main arguments. First, we show that the empirical evidence for Bayesian theories ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >