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Mukhopadhyay Amrita - - 2012
Gold nanoparticles exhibit unique spectral properties that make them ideal for biosensing, imaging, drug delivery, and other therapeutic applications. Interaction of gold nanoparticles within biological environments is dependent on surface characteristics, which may rely on particular capping agents. In this study, gold nanospheres (GNS) synthesized with different capping agents-specifically citric ...
Solberg Ole Geir - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Aortic stenosis (AS) and atherosclerosis share similarities when it comes to risk factors and disease progression. Like in other heart diseases, we hypothesized that biomarkers like high-sensitive troponin T (hsTnT), N-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic- peptide (NT-proBNP) and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) could be useful in risk stratification. Design: 136 patients (57% ...
Hirasawa Kingo - - 2012
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was introduced worldwide as a new treatment option for early gastric cancer. Our objective was to discuss the limited ESD reports available and to determine the lesions suitable for use in training endoscopists on which lesions are appropriate for ESD. We reviewed a series of ESD ...
Upadhyayula Suryanarayana Murty - - 2012
To assess the virus infection in mosquitoes during different seasons and correlated with various climatic factors. The field collected vectors were screened for Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus after dessication using ELISA method. Most of the positive pools were recorded from Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Cx. tritaeniorhynchus) and Culex. gelidus (Cx. gelidus) during ...
Ahmad Ausaf - - 2012
Background and Purpose: Stress-induced central effects are regulated by brain neurotransmitters, glucocorticoids and oxidative processes. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the simultaneous alterations in the monoamine and antioxidant systems in selected brain regions (frontal cortex, striatum and hippocampus) at 1 hour (h) and 24h following the exposure of restraint stress ...
Hawa Nadim - - 2012
The safety of laparoscopic management of adnexal masses in pregnancy has been documented. Herein we report laparoscopic removal during pregnancy of a cystically degenerated leiomyoma of the sigmoid colon, which had been mistaken for an adnexal mass. When smooth muscle gastrointestinal tumors are observed, it is important that they be ...
Sharma Neeru - - 2012
With growing demand for high esthetic standards, dentists must understand patient perception and incorporate their preferences into treatment. However, little is known about how cultural and ethnic differences influence esthetic perception. The purpose of this study was to determine whether differences in ethnic background, including the possibility of assimilation, affected ...
Yurteri-Kaplan Ladin - - 2012
Objective: To determine the normal range of serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in uncomplicated, singleton term pregnant patients. Study Design: Serum for analysis of BNP was drawn at admission to labor and delivery (= 104), prior to administration of intravenous fluid. Results: Median BNP was 20 pg/mL, with an interquartile ...
Bucher B - - 2012
Hypertension has been estimated to affect 20 - 25% of the adult population and represents an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease like coronary heart disease, stroke and peripheral artery occlusive disease. In addition, hypertension supports the development and progression of chronic kidney insufficiency. The interaction of multiple genetic and ...
Roy Aniruddha - - 2012
PURPOSE: Cancer is a multifactorial syndrome; hence, multidimensional therapy with a chemo-immunotherapeutic conjugate could be more effective in curing the disease. METHODS: We used SP-LPS, a bio-polymer having potent immunostimulatory activity, for conjugation with paclitaxel to make a chemo-immunotherapeutic conjugate. Its physicochemical characterization was done by HPLC, NMR and IR ...
Piao Jiang-Hu - - 2012
Highly coordinated expression of inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines is crucial for maintaining homeostasis of the gut that is constantly exposed to large amounts of commensal bacteria. We have previously reported that tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor (Traf)2(-/-) mice spontaneously develop severe colitis and that the development of colitis largely ...
Baek Seung Don - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Clinically, it may be appropriate to subdivide patients with stage 3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) into two subgroups, as they show different risks for kidney outcomes. This study evaluated the proportion of patients with stage 3 CKD who progressed to stage 4 or 5 CKD over 10 years ...
Okabe Yoshinobu - - 2012
The patient was a 69 year old man who had been diagnosed with alcoholic chronic pancreatitis and lower common bile duct (CBD) stricture. He subsequently developed cholangitis 2-3 times a year, and we replaced the endoscopic biliary stent (EBS) each time. In April 2010, he was admitted because of complication by ...
Simpson Keith R S - - 2012
Objective: Mental health in populations may be deteriorating, or it may be improving, but there is little direct evidence to support either possibility. Our objective was to examine secular trends in mental health indicators from national data sources. Methods: We used data (1994-2008) from the National Population Health Survey and ...
Bazzi Juliana Zavala - - 2012
The authors conducted a study to evaluate the stain removal ability of tooth bleaching and simulated toothbrushing after coffee and cigarette smoke staining and to determine the enamel susceptibility to restaining. The authors used a colorimeter to determine the baseline color of 40 bovine labial enamel surfaces according to the ...
van Ijzendoorn Marinus H - - 2012
Reviewing the studies on differential susceptibility presented in this section, we argue that the time is ripe to go beyond correlational designs to differential susceptibility experiments. In such experiments, randomization prevents hidden moderator effects on the environment and guarantees the independence of moderator and outcome, while the environment is manipulated ...
Heyman Samuel N - - 2012
Hypoxia plays a role in ischemic, toxic and sepsis-induced acute kidney injury. Evolving hypoxia triggers renal adaptive responses that may mitigate the insult, leading to sublethal forms of cell injury. The unique capability of the kidney to downregulate oxygen consumption for tubular transport could represent one such adaptive response which ...
Park Seung Chol - - 2012
To compare the gases generated from GreenLight High-Performance System (HPS) laser prostatectomy with Urosol or normal saline solution and transurethral resection and vaporization of the prostate (TURVP) with Urosol. A total of 36 smoke samples were collected from a continuous irrigation suction system attached to a Tenax absorber during transurethral ...
Susnea Iuliana - - 2012
The combination of MALDI-TOF-mass spectrometry with gel electrophoretic separation using protein visualization by staining procedures involving such as Coomassie Brilliant Blue has been established as a widely used approach in proteomics. Although this approach has been shown to present high detection sensitivity, drawbacks and limitations frequently arise from the significant ...
Pohjola Vesa - - 2012
Abstract Objective. This study investigated the association between dental fear and alcohol use disorder and smoking controlling for age, gender and attained level of education as well as anxiety and depressive disorders. Materials and methods. Nationally representative data on Finnish adults, 30 + years old (n = 5953), were gathered ...
Maisel Alan S - - 2012
The role of biomarkers in the management of patients with acute heart failure (HF) has evolved rapidly in the past several years. Representing a major burden on health systems, acute HF has increased the need for earlier diagnosis, better risk stratification, and cost-effective treatment to reduce rates of hospitalization. Biomarker-guided ...
Jung Hwoon-Yong - - 2012
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was introduced in the 1990s, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in 2003. Currently, ESD is becoming the main procedure for the resection of early gastric cancer (EGC), and provides safer and curative outcomes. Endoscopic resection (ER) showed excellent long-term survival in Korea. The number of ESD ...
- - 2012
Emergency departments across the country are experiencing surging demand from patients who present with toothaches and other dental problems. In a new report, the Pew Center on the States in Washington, DC, reports that ED visits for dental concerns grew by 16% between 2006 and 2009. Analysts say the main ...
Splinter Karen L - - 2012
Herein is described the development of an inferior epigastric pseudoaneurysm caused by a trocar injury during laparoscopic surgery. After the accessory trocar was placed in the left lower quadrant, the patient's condition became clinically unstable, requiring blood transfusions postoperatively and transfer to our tertiary care center. On arrival, she continued ...
Kilicgedik A - - 2012
Postoperative ventricular septal defect (post-op VSD) after septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is a rare and unexpected complication. We report a case of successful percutaneous closure of VSD following septal myectomy and mitral valve replacement in a patient with intrinsic mitral valve disease and severe mitral valve ...
Galler A - - 2012
In this retrospective study of 41 cats with chronic nasal disease diagnoses included nasal neoplasia (n = 19), idiopathic chronic rhinosinusitis (ICRS) (n = 12), nasopharyngeal polyps (n = 3), foreign bodies (n = 2), nasopharyngeal stenosis (n = 1) and nasal aspergillosis (n = 1). In 3 cats diagnosis could not be established despite thorough work-up. Gender, indoor or outdoor housing, quality ...
Hänsel A - - 2012
Over the last two decades modern psychosomatic research has found multiple evidence for an impact of psychosocial factors on the control of arterial blood pressure as well as the development of arterial hypertension. This narrative review focuses first on the current stress concept and factors that influence the degree of ...
Sugden Peter B - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global pandemic associated with a growing disease burden due to cirrhosis and the consequent morbidity and mortality. Transmission is largely via blood-to-blood contact. Following primary infection, a minority of individuals clear the infection predominantly via cellular immune mechanisms, whereas the majority become chronically ...
Wu Y - - 2012
In this study, the growth hormone (GH) gene was studied as a candidate gene for growth and carcass traits of three duck populations (Cherry Valley duck, Muscovy duck and Jingjiang duck). Three pairs of primers were designed to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms of introns 2, 3 and 4 of the ...
Perez-Guaita D - - 2012
Attenuated total reflectance mid-infrared spectra of serum and blood samples were obtained from 4,000 to 600 cm(-1). Models for the determination of albumin, immunoglobulin, total globulin, and albumin/globulin coefficients were established for serum samples, using reference data obtained by capillary electrophoresis. Based on the use of the amide bands I and ...
Jordan Andrea Hayes - - 2012
Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a rare type of sarcoma which is primarily abdominal in origin. Less than 200 cases have been reported. DSRCT presents with multifocal tumors believed to begin in the peritoneal surfaces of the abdominal cavity. Up to hundreds of tumors can be found in ...
Morrow Sarah A - - 2012
Background: Multiple Sclerosis is characterized by relapses separated by periods of relative quiescence. High dose intravenous corticosteroid pulses for three to five days is the current standard for the treatment of acute relapses, but recent evidence supports the use of equivalent doses of oral therapy as an alternative. The highest ...
Fillion Michelle M - - 2012
Variability exists regarding the surgical technique in breast conservation therapy. The purpose of this project was to determine differences between single (SH) or flanking (FH) hooked needle localization wires used for nonpalpable breast lesions. We retrospectively reviewed 201 female patients at a single institution from 2004 to 2008. All patients ...
Yamaguchi-Okada Mitsuo - - 2012
Object The authors evaluated the pathological and clinical characteristics of young patients with clinically nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). Methods Twenty-one patients (13 males and 8 females) with NFPAs who were 25 years of age or younger (mean 20 years, range 13-25 years) were retrospectively investigated. The following factors were examined: ...
Achuthan Anju A - - 2012
Oxidative stress is one of the major causes of degenerative conditions occurring at cellular level with serious health implications. This study was aimed at investigating the antioxidative potentials of probiotic lactobacilli of Indian gut origin and their ability to augment antioxidant defense enzyme systems in the host cells under oxidative ...
Niimi Keiko - - 2012
The colorectum is known to be the most difficult organ to perform endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), however, the training has not been sufficiently established. In our hospital, the essential condition to start colorectal ESD was to experience at least 30 gastric ESD and to have sufficient knowledge and techniques beforehand. ...
Pongsiri Piyathida - - 2012
To develop diagnostic test for detection chikungunya virus (CHIKV and Dengue virus (DENV) infection. We have performed a rapid, accurate laboratory confirmative method to simultaneously detect, quantify and differentiate CHIKV and DENV infection by single-step multiplex real-time RT-PCR. The assay's sensitivity was 97.65%, specificity was 92.59% and accuracy was 95.82% ...
Del Brutto Oscar H - - 2012
Review of human cysticercosis in Canada, to estimate the magnitude of the disease and to describe the pattern of disease expression in this country. MEDLINE and manual search of case reports and case series of patients with cysticercosis diagnosed in Canada. Abstracted data included year of diagnosis, citizenship status, clinical ...
Speir Vinita J - - 2012
Essure sterilization produces a local benign tissue response resulting in bilateral occlusion of the fallopian tubes 3 months after insertion. There is a precautionary warning about performing this procedure on immunosuppressed patients. We present a case of successful bilateral tubal occlusion with Essure in a patient with a history of ...
Appendino Juan Pablo - - 2012
Objective: To examine how the introduction of amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG) to our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) influenced clinical practice. Methods: This was a retrospective study examining clinical practice three years before and three years after the introduction of aEEG monitors to our NICU. A time series analysis was performed ...
Elbe Dean - - 2012
To review the randomized controlled trial data regarding pharmacotherapy of irritability of autism. A LITERATURE REVIEW WAS CONDUCTED USING THE MEDLINE SEARCH TERMS: 'autism' OR 'autism spectrum disorder' with the following limits: Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs), human trials, English language. Additional articles were identified from reference information. Trials involving nutritional ...
Terauchi Makoto - - 2012
Plasmodesmata are intercellular bridges that directly connect the cytoplasm of neighboring cells and play a crucial role in cell-to-cell communication and cell development in multicellular plants. Although brown algae (Phaeophyceae, Heterokontophyta) are phylogenetically distant to land plants, they nevertheless possess a complex multicellular organization that includes plasmodesmata. In this study, ...
Xue Peng - - 2012
Previous researches demonstrate uncertainty about the effect of metabolic syndrome (MS) on bone. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the association of MS with bone mineral density (BMD) of spine and femoral neck (FN). In this meta-analysis, searches of Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, Chinese biological medical database and China national ...
Nunes Antonio - - 2012
Nanomedicine is an emerging field that proposes the application of precisely engineered nanomaterials for the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of certain diseases, including neurological pathologies. Carbon nanotubes (CNT) are a new class of nanomaterials, which have been shown to be promising in different areas of nanomedicine. In this review, the ...
van de Sande-Lee S - - 2012
Context:Recent studies have shown that xenin can act in the hypothalamus, reducing food intake through a leptin- and melanocortin system-independent mechanism.Objective:To evaluate the impact of body mass reduction on the blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of xenin.Design and setting:Thirteen obese patients (11 women) selected for roux-in-Y gastric bypass surgery ...
Cai Ming-Yan - - 2012
The early diagnosis of early gastrointestinal (GI) diseases is becoming easier than ever before, due to the rapid development of all kinds of endoscopic techniques, including chromoendoscopy, narrowband imaging, magnifying endoscopy, confocal microscopy and autofluorescence imaging. Endoscopic resection is gradually becoming the optimal choice, which is significantly less invasive than ...
Guo Xiao-Qing - - 2012
To construct a strain of recombinant Mycobacterium smegmatis expressing the heat shock protein 65 (Hsp65) and human interleukin 2 (IL-2) fusion protein (rMS-Hsp65/IL-2) and to explore the effect of this construct on lymphocyte function in mice. The fusion gene encoding Hsp65-hIL-2 was cloned into shuttle vector pSMT3. The recombinant plasmid ...
Lemos Nucelio - - 2012
Endometriosis infiltrating the sacral nerve roots is a rarely reported manifestation of the disease. The objectives of this article are to report such a case and to describe the surgical technique for laparoscopic decompression of sacral nerve roots and treatment of endometriosis at this site. The patient as a 38-year-old ...
Baker Philip S - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to describe the adaptation of a method suggested for prevention of fractures of partial removable dental prostheses to the reinforcement of an existing implant-retained fixed complete dental prosthesis (IRFCDP). The patient, an upper limb amputee, had subjected the original IRFCDP to parafunctional forces generated ...
Schmidli J - - 2012
Arterial hypertension is a chronic disease with a therapeutical challenge for the patient and the physician involved. Patient-independent techniques with good efficacy and tolerability are wanted. The autonomous nervous system insufficiently therapeutically exploited to date, is now approachable by two types of intervention: renal nerve ablation, an endovascular approach without ...
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