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Results 301 - 350 of 2526
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McKernan Susan C SC Oral Science, College of Dentistry and Public Policy Center, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242-1010, USA. - - 2012
The authors conducted a study in which they explored the geographical distributions of primary care dentists, physicians and pharmacists to determine if a spatial pattern existed between provider types across cities in Iowa. The authors analyzed practice locations of primary care providers, including dentists, pharmacists and physicians, at the city ...
Bugental Daphne Blunt - - 2012
Children's physiological reactions to stress are presented from the broader theoretical perspective of adaptive calibration to the environment, as rooted in life history theory. Del Giudice, Hinnant, Ellis, and El-Sheikh (2012) focus on children's physiological responses to a stressful task as a consequence of their history of family stress. Sturge-Apple, ...
Khadra Anmar - - 2012
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-gated P2X2 receptors exhibit two opposite activation-dependent changes, pore dilation and pore closing (desensitization), through a process that is incompletely understood. To address this issue and to clarify the roles of calcium and the C-terminal domain in gating, we combined biophysical and mathematical approaches using two splice forms ...
Newman Lori Marie - - 2012
An increasing proportion of gonorrhea in the United States is diagnosed in the private sector, posing a challenge to existing national surveillance systems. We described gonorrhea epidemiology outside sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic settings. Through the STD Surveillance Network (SSuN), health departments in the San Francisco, Seattle, Denver, Minneapolis, and ...
van Litsenburg Raphaële R L - - 2012
PURPOSE: Increase of survival in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) has made outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQL) and economic burden more important. To make informed decisions on the use of healthcare resources, costs as well as utilities need to be taken into account. Among the preference-based HRQL ...
Cherk Martin H - - 2012
AIM: To evaluate the reproducibility of serial re-acquisitions of gated Tl-201 and Tc-99m sestamibi left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) measurements obtained on a new generation solid-state cardiac camera system during myocardial perfusion imaging and the importance of manual operator optimization of left ventricular wall tracking. METHODS: Resting blinded automated (auto) ...
Fujiwara Michio - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore simpler and possibly more appropriate tools than the conventional Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28) for assessing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to derive more reliable DAS28-based criteria. METHODS: The capabilities of assessing disease activities in 250 RA patients were compared between DAS28 and other methods, including the Simplified ...
Qaddoumi Ibrahim - - 2012
In order to predict whether tumor markers assist in the histopathologic diagnosis of germ cell tumors (GCTs), we analyzed the correlation of beta human chorionic gonadotropin (βhCG) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples at baseline and subsequent follow-up examinations. A retrospective study of patients diagnosed with ...
Dramane Gado - - 2012
Understanding the mechanisms underlying oro-gustatory detection of dietary fat is critical for the prevention and treatment of obesity. The lipid-binding glycoprotein CD36, which is expressed by circumvallate papillae (CVP) of the mouse tongue, has been implicated in oro-gustatory perception of dietary lipids. Here, we demonstrate that stromal interaction molecule 1 ...
Huttunen R - - 2012
The interactions between obesity and infectious diseases have recently received increasing recognition as emerging data have indicated an association between obesity and poor outcome in pandemic H1N1 influenza infection. Obesity is an established risk factor for surgical-site infections, nosocomial infections, periodontitis and skin infections. Several studies indicate that acute pancreatitis ...
Scott Julia A - - 2012
Diagnosis of fetal isolated mild ventriculomegaly (IMVM) is the most common brain abnormality on prenatal ultrasound. We have set to identify potential alterations in brain development specific to IMVM in tissue volume and cortical and ventricular local surface curvature derived from in utero magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Multislice 2D T2-weighted ...
He Qing-Feng - - 2012
To identify novel drug targets for treatment of Plasmodium falciparum. Local BLASTP were used to find the proteins non-homologous to human essential proteins as novel drug targets. Functional domains of novel drug targets were identified by InterPro and Pfam, 3D structures of potential drug targets were predicated by the SWISS-MODEL ...
Schmittel Michael - - 2012
Setting up spatially separated HOMO and LUMO regions in a non-Kekulé structured trinuclear Ir(iii)-Ru(ii)-Ir(iii) system and using oxidative-reduction electrochemiluminescence leads to emissions that are not detected in photoluminescence. Moreover, the new design allows tuning of the wavelength of emission in a stepless fashion as a function of the selected potential ...
Weinstock Tanya G - - 2012
To address whether treatment of sleep apnea improves glucose tolerance. Randomized, double-blind crossover study. Sleep clinic referrals. 50 subjects with moderate to severe sleep apnea (AHI > 15) and impaired glucose tolerance. Subjects were randomized to 8 weeks of CPAP or sham CPAP, followed by the alternate therapy after a ...
Ataoğlu E - - 2012
Design:A cross-sectional study.Objective:To assess the effects of pain on quality of life (QoL), functional independence and depression in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI).Setting:An inpatient rehabilitation center.Methods:A total of 140 patients (104 M, 36 F) with SCI who underwent inpatient rehabilitation treatment were examined. A questionnaire including clinical variables was applied. Motor ...
Nam So-Hyun - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Routine antenatal ultrasound scans increased the detection of the neuroblastoma (NB) in neonates. We reviewed the treatment outcome and clinical presentation of neonatal NB. METHODS: We included patients who had pathologically confirmed NB presented within 28 days after birth from January 1999 to December 2010. RESULTS: There were 17 patients ...
Crovetto Francesca - - 2012
PURPOSE: Aims of the study were to determine the risk of stroke recurrence in a case series of women with a history of ischemic stroke and to review current available literature on this issue. METHODS: Charts from patients referring to the obstetrical service of our Institute were reviewed to identify ...
Chan Carlos - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Few studies compare the direct impact of pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) on the patient's quality of life (QOL). The effect of PD in QOL, comparing the preoperative vs. postoperative status, was analyzed. METHOD: A prospective single-center study was performed. PD patients in a 2-year period were included. A general QOL instrument ...
Dexel Julian - - 2012
Bilateral osteonecrosis of the tuberculum majus has not been reported in the literature. A case of bilateral avascular necrosis of the tuberculum majus is presented associated with smoking and occasional alcohol consumption as risk factors, which was successfully treated with non-operative treatment. Level of evidence Case report, Level V.
Jonasson G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the investigation were to describe changes in mandibular bone structure with aging and to compare the usefulness of cortical and trabecular bone for fracture prediction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 1968 to 1993, 1,003 women were examined. With the help of panoramic radiographs, cortex thickness was measured ...
Muhammed Maged - - 2012
Mouse models have facilitated the study of fungal pneumonia. In this report, we present the working protocols of groups that are working on the following pathogens: Aspergillus, Coccidioides, Cryptococcus, Fusarium, Histoplasma and Rhizopus. We describe the experimental procedures and the detailed methods that have been followed in the experienced laboratories ...
Niimi Keiko - - 2012
The colorectum is known to be the most difficult organ to perform endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), however, the training has not been sufficiently established. In our hospital, the essential condition to start colorectal ESD was to experience at least 30 gastric ESD and to have sufficient knowledge and techniques beforehand. ...
Pongsiri Piyathida - - 2012
To develop diagnostic test for detection chikungunya virus (CHIKV and Dengue virus (DENV) infection. We have performed a rapid, accurate laboratory confirmative method to simultaneously detect, quantify and differentiate CHIKV and DENV infection by single-step multiplex real-time RT-PCR. The assay's sensitivity was 97.65%, specificity was 92.59% and accuracy was 95.82% ...
Del Brutto Oscar H - - 2012
Review of human cysticercosis in Canada, to estimate the magnitude of the disease and to describe the pattern of disease expression in this country. MEDLINE and manual search of case reports and case series of patients with cysticercosis diagnosed in Canada. Abstracted data included year of diagnosis, citizenship status, clinical ...
Speir Vinita J - - 2012
Essure sterilization produces a local benign tissue response resulting in bilateral occlusion of the fallopian tubes 3 months after insertion. There is a precautionary warning about performing this procedure on immunosuppressed patients. We present a case of successful bilateral tubal occlusion with Essure in a patient with a history of ...
Miyashita Elcio Ricardo - - 2012
The retention of an Aramany Class IV removable partial dental prosthesis can be compromised by a lack of support. The biomechanics of this obturator prosthesis result in an unusual stress distribution on the residual maxillary bone. This study evaluated the biomechanics of an Aramany Class IV obturator prosthesis with finite ...
Poullis M - - 2012
No markers of quality of perfusion pressure and oxygen delivery during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), to complement rewarming rate, maximum temperature on rewarming, lowest haematocrit, and blood glucose, exist. Using the electronic acquisition of blood pressure on bypass (JOCAP system), the percentage of time perfusion pressure was below 30, 40, 50, ...
Lobsiger L - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was based upon the first diagnosed bovine cutaneous leishmaniasis in a cow in Switzerland in April 2009. We continued descriptively the search for other bovine cases in Switzerland. We carried out similar investigations in the original farm where the case had occurred, and in ...
Brenner R - - 2012
Arterial hypertension is a widely prevalent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases with well documented harmful effects on the heart and the vascular system. Despite a broad antihypertensive drug armamentarium control of hypertension is worldwide suboptimal. Daily practice as well as large intervention trials show that single-drug therapy often fails to ...
Erlandsen E J EJ Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Viborg Regional Hospital, Viborg, Denmark. - - 2012
Prospective cohort study. To investigate the relationship between (51)chromium-ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetate ((51)Cr-EDTA) clearance, serum cystatin C (CysC), serum creatinine, creatinine clearance and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR(MDRD), MDRD stands for modification of diet in renal disease) based on the serum creatinine in patients with complete or incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) and ...
Kesavan Manjula - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM) crystals are frequently found in urinary calculi (stones). Material and methods. COM crystals were grown by the single diffusion gel growth technique and the inhibitory effects of aqueous extracts of leaves, stems and rhizome of Costus igneus on the growth of COM crystals were ...
Orscelik Ozcan - - 2012
Background: We aimed to determine the status of the autonomic nervous system in patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) who were normotensive and had normal renal function. Methods: A total of 28 normotensive ADPKD patients with normal renal function and 30 healthy control subjects consented to participate in the ...
Uysal Ahmet - - 2012
PURPOSE: It is aimed to determine the Rubella and CMV prevalence in the pregnant women in Izmir and to research the effect of these infections on the course of pregnancy in the pregnant women exposed to infection during pregnancy. METHODS: The pregnant women applied to pregnancy outpatient department during 2001-2008 ...
Lee Jin - - 2012
Chromium(VI) [Cr(VI)] induces chronic inflammation in hepatocytes. Inflammation has been shown to play an important role in tumorigenesis, tumor progression, and metastasis. To examine the effects of the Styrax Japonica Siebold et al. Zuccarini (SJSZ) glycoprotein on inflammation in BNL CL.2 cells, we evaluated the activities of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase ...
Kim Kwang Hyun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of surgical waiting time (SWT) on outcomes of patients who underwent radical nephrectomy for stage II or higher renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: Of the 1,732 patients who underwent surgery for RCC between 1989 and 2007, medical records of 319 with clinical stage II or ...
Berghella Vincenzo - - 2012
Abstract OBJECTIVE: To assess whether type of suture material affects cerclage efficacy for preterm birth (PTB) prevention. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a multicenter trial of ultrasound-indicated cerclage for short cervical length (CL), in which women with prior spontaneous PTB at 16-336/7 weeks, a singleton gestation and CL<25mm between 16-22 6/7 ...
Rosholm Jens-Ulrik - - 2012
Background. Auscultatory measurement using a sphygmomanometer has been the predominant method for clinical estimation of blood pressure, but it is now rapidly being replaced by oscillometric measurement. Objective. To compare blood pressure by auscultatory and oscillometric measurements in patients ≥ 80 years. Method. 100 patients had blood pressure measured by auscultation ...
Tanaka Shinji - - 2012
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) allows for en bloc tumor resection irrespective of the size of the lesion. In Japan, ESD has been established as a standard method for endoscopic ablation of malignant tumors in the upper gastrointestinal tract. Although the use of colorectal ESD has been gradually spreading with the ...
Huang Renee - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to review our experience with laparoscopic management of Crohn's disease including patients with prior Crohn's-related abdominal surgery. All cases of Crohn's patients who underwent laparoscopic attempt for management of disease from April 2005 to October 2010 (n = 130) at a single institution were ...
Happell Brenda - - 2012
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between attitudes toward seclusion and levels of burnout, staff satisfaction, and therapeutic optimism. Staff at one district health service inpatient unit (n = 54) completed surveys on their attitudes toward seclusion and levels of burnout, staff satisfaction, and therapeutic ...
Bidra Avinash S - - 2012
A variety of techniques have been reported in the literature for the incorporation of attachments in implant-retained partial and complete overdentures with unsplinted or individual abutments. Three important elements that are necessary in describing any technique for incorporation of attachments are the type of final impression method (tissue-level impression, abutment-level ...
Jiang Yongwen - - 2012
Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) measure the burden of disease and injury in a population. We tested the feasibility of calculating DALYs to assess the burden of disease and injury in Rhode Island (RI). We computed DALYs for the 2008 RI population using methods developed by the World Health Organization, Harvard ...
Batistič Oliver - - 2012
Calcineurin B-like (CBL) proteins contribute to decoding calcium signals by interacting with CBL-interacting protein kinases (CIPKs). Currently, there is still very little information about the function and specific targeting mechanisms of CBL proteins that are localized at the vacuolar membrane. In this study, we focus on CBL2, an abundant vacuolar ...
Arigami Takaaki - - 2012
Recently, the existence of lymph node micrometastasis (LNM), including isolated tumor cells, has been focused on during the development of molecular diagnostic tools for lymph node metastasis in various malignant neoplasms. In particular, immunohistochemistry and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction have been reported to be available for the detection of LNM ...
Finley Stacey D - - 2012
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key mediator of angiogenesis, whose effect on cancer growth and development is well characterized. Alternative splicing of VEGF leads to several different isoforms, which are differentially expressed in various tumor types and have distinct functions in tumor blood vessel formation. Many cancer therapies ...
Hadjifrangiskou Maria - - 2012
Existence in the biofilm state lends bacteria the opportunity to enjoy, at least for a finite amount of time, the benefits of a multicellular entity. The order of events leading to biofilm formation and disassembly has been the topic of interest for numerous studies, aiming to identify factors and mechanisms ...
Jiang Jing J Division of Hematology, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-4318, - - 2012
Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) functions are governed by intricate signaling networks. The tyrosine kinase JAK2 plays an essential role in cytokine signaling during hematopoiesis. The adaptor protein LNK is a critical determinant of this process through its inhibitory interaction with JAK2, thereby limiting HSPC self-renewal. LNK deficiency promotes ...
Ohata Ken - - 2012
Although colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is superior to endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) in en bloc resection rate, it is technically quite difficult because of the anatomical and histological characteristics of the colorectal wall. This difficulty prevents wide spread of the technique. Establishment of the training system for colorectal ESD ...
Beers Craig A - - 2012
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is a non-invasive neuroimaging technique that has grown rapidly in popularity over the past decade. It is already prevalent in psychology, cognitive and basic neuroscience research and is being used increasingly as a tool for clinical decision-making in epilepsy. It has been used to determine ...
Hsieh Ting-Min - - 2012
The purposes of this study are to evaluate the merits of surgical treatment, including subtotal parathyroidectomy (SP) and total parathyroidectomy (TP), in patients with tertiary hyperparathyroidism (THPT) and compare the outcome of the two surgical options. Medical records of patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for THPT were retrospectively reviewed and long-term outcomes ...
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