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Vila Jordi - - 2012
Escherichia coli is one of the most frequent bacteria implicated in biofilm formation, which is a dynamic process whose first step consists in bacteria adhesion to surfaces through type 1 fimbriae. Salicylate induces a number of morphological and physiological alterations in bacteria including the activation of the transcriptional regulator MarA. ...
Huang Guanghua - - 2012
The human commensal fungus Candida albicans can cause not only superficial infections, but also life-threatening disease in immunocompromised individuals. C. albicans can grow in several morphological forms. The ability to switch between different phenotypic forms has been thought to contribute to its virulence. The yeast-filamentous growth transition and white-opaque switching ...
Hansen Tina - - 2012
Abstract Aim: To establish measurement equivalence in terms of reliability of the Danish version of the Canadian McGill Ingestive Skills Assessment (MISA) for use by occupational therapists. Methods:A cross-sectional two-rater and test-retest design was applied. A total of 102 elderly medical patients were included consecutively, and were video-recorded during a ...
Yamauchi Masanori - - 2012
We present two cases of central venous catheterization (CVC) in which an ultrasound-guided in-plane approach was used. Case 1 was a 60-year-old man with acute myelogenous leukemia in whom a right supraclavicular CVC was performed. He had pancytopenia (leukocytes 2,000/μL; erythrocytes 350 × 10(4)/μL; platelets 5.6 × 10(4)/μL), and abnormal coagulability (prothrombin time-international normalized ...
van der Baan F H - - 2012
It was investigated whether pharmacogenetic factors, both as single polymorphism and as gene-gene interactions, have an added value over non-genetic factors in predicting statin response. Five common polymorphisms were selected in apolipoprotein E, angiotensin-converting enzyme, hepatic lipase and toll-like receptor 4. Linear regression models were built and compared on R(2) ...
Martin Vincent - - 2012
This paper addresses a complex multi-physical phenomenon involving cardiac electrophysiology and hemodynamics. The purpose is to model and simulate a phenomenon that has been observed in magnetic resonance imaging machines: in the presence of a strong magnetic field, the T-wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) gets bigger, which may perturb ECG-gated ...
Kamijo Keita - - 2012
Adiposity may be negatively associated with cognitive function in children. However, the findings remain controversial, in part due to the multifaceted nature of cognition and perhaps the lack of accurate assessment of adiposity. The aim of this study was to clarify the relation of weight status to cognition in preadolescent ...
Okamoto Koichi - - 2012
Background and Aim:  Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in early gastric cancer (EGC), which provides a higher complete resection rate than conventional endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR), has rapidly come into widespread use. However, colorectal ESD is not widely used because of its technical difficulty and complications such as perforation, and the ...
Tam Joshua H K - - 2012
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is poised to become the most serious healthcare issue of our generation. The leading theory of AD pathophysiology is the Amyloid Cascade Hypothesis, and clinical trials are now proceeding based on this hypothesis. Here, we review the original evidence for the Amyloid Hypothesis, which was originally focused ...
Geiger Timothy M - - 2012
The World Health Organization has set a standard of maintaining a core body temperature above 36°C in the perioperative period. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between both intraoperative temperature (IOT) and immediate postop core body temperature as it relates to postop complications. A retrospective analysis ...
Munro Malcolm G - - 2012
It is now clear to most stakeholders that acquisition of surgical psychomotor skills is best achieved outside of the clinical operating room, in the context of a simulated environment. Endoscopic simulation can be accomplished using simple "box" simulators or video trainers, and virtual reality simulation is now possible using microprocessor-controlled ...
Işeri Ufuk - - 2012
The surface of zirconia ceramic is damaged during grinding, which may affect the mechanical properties of the material. The purpose of this study was to compare the biaxial flexural strength of zirconia after different grinding procedures and to measure the temperature rise from grinding. Forty disk-shaped zirconia specimens (15 × ...
Introini Carlo - - 2012
To assess safety and efficacy of the periurethral constrictor for the treatment of postprostatectomy urinary incontinence. Periurethral constrictor is a minimally invasive, low-cost (€ 2000) device based on an adjustable occlusive mechanism. From December 2004 to March 2010 the device was implanted in 66 patients with mild to severe incontinence ...
Mihalca A D - - 2012
In 2010 and 2011, questing ticks were collected from 188 forested locations in all the 41 counties of Romania using the dragging method. The total of 13,771 ticks collected belonged to eleven species: Ixodes ricinus (86.9 %), Dermacentor marginatus (9.5 %), Haemaphysalis punctata (2.6 %), H. concinna (0.6 %), H. sulcata (0.3 %), H. parva ...
Ostrand-Rosenberg Suzanne S Department of Biological Sciences, University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA. - - 2012
Immune suppressive myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are present in most cancer patients where they inhibit innate anti-tumor immunity and are a significant obstacle to cancer immunotherapy. Inflammation is a known inducer of Gr1(+)CD11b(+) MDSC; however, the factors/conditions that regulate MDSC survival and half-life have not been identified. We have used ...
Cardot J-M - - 2012
In vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) is a biopharmaceutical tool recommended to be used in development of formulation. When validated, it can speed up development of formulation, be used to fix dissolution limits and also as surrogate of in vivo study. However, as do all tools, it presents limitations and traps. ...
Tegos George P - - 2012
Prevention and control of infectious diseases remains a major public health challenge and a number of highly virulent pathogens are emerging both in and beyond the hospital setting. Despite beneficial aspects such as use in biocontrol and bioremediation exhibited by members of the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) some members of ...
Mayes Rachel - - 2012
Background Despite the frequency with which mothers with intellectual disability have their children removed, little theoretical or empirical work has understood the mothers' perspectives on this. A few studies have reported mothers' feelings of grief and loss and their sense of powerlessness in the child protection system. Method This qualitative ...
Xu Peng-Tao - - 2012
Unloading in spaceflight or long-term bed rest induces to pronounced atrophy of anti-gravity skeletal muscles. Passive stretch partially resists unloading-induced atrophy of skeletal muscle, but the mechanism remains elusive. The aims of this study were to investigate the hypotheses that stretch tension might increase protein level of neuronal nitric oxide ...
Gounko N V - - 2012
Dendritic spines are important sites of excitatory neurotransmission in the brain with their function determined by their structure and molecular content. Alterations in spine number, morphology and receptor content are a hallmark of many psychiatric disorders, most notably those because of stress. We investigated the role of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) ...
Jung Hwoon-Yong - - 2012
Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) was introduced in the 1990s, and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in 2003. Currently, ESD is becoming the main procedure for the resection of early gastric cancer (EGC), and provides safer and curative outcomes. Endoscopic resection (ER) showed excellent long-term survival in Korea. The number of ESD ...
- - 2012
Emergency departments across the country are experiencing surging demand from patients who present with toothaches and other dental problems. In a new report, the Pew Center on the States in Washington, DC, reports that ED visits for dental concerns grew by 16% between 2006 and 2009. Analysts say the main ...
Splinter Karen L - - 2012
Herein is described the development of an inferior epigastric pseudoaneurysm caused by a trocar injury during laparoscopic surgery. After the accessory trocar was placed in the left lower quadrant, the patient's condition became clinically unstable, requiring blood transfusions postoperatively and transfer to our tertiary care center. On arrival, she continued ...
Kilicgedik A - - 2012
Postoperative ventricular septal defect (post-op VSD) after septal myectomy in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy is a rare and unexpected complication. We report a case of successful percutaneous closure of VSD following septal myectomy and mitral valve replacement in a patient with intrinsic mitral valve disease and severe mitral valve ...
Galler A - - 2012
In this retrospective study of 41 cats with chronic nasal disease diagnoses included nasal neoplasia (n = 19), idiopathic chronic rhinosinusitis (ICRS) (n = 12), nasopharyngeal polyps (n = 3), foreign bodies (n = 2), nasopharyngeal stenosis (n = 1) and nasal aspergillosis (n = 1). In 3 cats diagnosis could not be established despite thorough work-up. Gender, indoor or outdoor housing, quality ...
Hänsel A - - 2012
Over the last two decades modern psychosomatic research has found multiple evidence for an impact of psychosocial factors on the control of arterial blood pressure as well as the development of arterial hypertension. This narrative review focuses first on the current stress concept and factors that influence the degree of ...
Sugden Peter B - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global pandemic associated with a growing disease burden due to cirrhosis and the consequent morbidity and mortality. Transmission is largely via blood-to-blood contact. Following primary infection, a minority of individuals clear the infection predominantly via cellular immune mechanisms, whereas the majority become chronically ...
Wu Y - - 2012
In this study, the growth hormone (GH) gene was studied as a candidate gene for growth and carcass traits of three duck populations (Cherry Valley duck, Muscovy duck and Jingjiang duck). Three pairs of primers were designed to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms of introns 2, 3 and 4 of the ...
Perez-Guaita D - - 2012
Attenuated total reflectance mid-infrared spectra of serum and blood samples were obtained from 4,000 to 600 cm(-1). Models for the determination of albumin, immunoglobulin, total globulin, and albumin/globulin coefficients were established for serum samples, using reference data obtained by capillary electrophoresis. Based on the use of the amide bands I and ...
Gąska Magdalena - - 2012
The notion that the onset of action of antidepressant drugs (ADs) takes weeks is widely accepted; however, the sequence of events necessary for therapeutic effects still remains obscure. We aimed to evaluate a time-course of ADs-induced alterations in the expression of 95 selected genes in 4 regions of the rat ...
Solin Lawrence J LJ Department of Radiation Oncology, Albert Einstein Medical Center, 5501 Old York Road, Philadelphia, PA 19141, USA. - - 2012
The present study was performed to evaluate the significance of biologic subtype and 21-gene recurrence score relative to local recurrence and local-regional recurrence after breast conservation treatment with radiation. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group E2197 was a prospective randomized clinical trial that compared two adjuvant systemic chemotherapy regimens for patients with ...
Schultz Kris Ann P - - 2012
Pediatric ovarian and testicular sex cord-stromal tumors are distinct from germ cell neoplasms and may present with palpable mass or signs of hormone production. Both may be associated with specific genetic syndromes. Staging for ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors is based on the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics classification for ...
Wright Kathleen L - - 2012
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare neurologic disorder characterized by an acute increase in blood pressure, and by headaches, altered mental status, seizures, and visual loss. It is usually seen on computed tomographic scans as white-matter vasogenic edema predominantly affecting the posterior occipital and parietal lobes of the ...
Kumar D Jaya - - 2012
To evaluate the antioxidant and cytotoxic effects of hexane extract of Morinda pubescens leaves and to find the primary bioactive compound responsible for antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. The individual compounds were isolated using column chromatography and were characterized by spectroscopic techniques. The antioxidant activity was evaluated for all individual isolated ...
Shah Sunil M - - 2012
Care home residents are vulnerable to the adverse effects of prescribing but there is limited monitoring in the UK. To compare prescribing quality in care homes in England and Wales with the community and with US nursing homes. Cross-sectional analysis of a UK primary care database and comparison with the ...
Seruya Mitchel - - 2012
Object Controlled hypotension is routinely used during open repair of craniosynostosis to decrease blood loss, although this benefit is unproven. In this study the authors analyzed the longitudinal relationships between intraoperative mean arterial pressure (MAP) and calculated blood loss (CBL) during frontoorbital advancement (FOA) for craniosynostosis. Methods The authors reviewed ...
Jacobs Bruce L BL Department of Urology, Division of Oncology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-2800, USA. - - 2012
To better delineate which factors influence the decision to undergo active surveillance of small renal masses. We identified 204 consecutive patients at our institution with clinical Stage T1 renal masses from June 2009 through June 2010. A variety of demographic and clinical characteristics were measured. Based on our previous work, ...
Tang Nicole K Y NK Arthritis Research UK Primary Care Centre, Primary Care Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Because insomnia is a common comorbidity of chronic pain, scientific and clinical interest in the relationship of pain and sleep has surged in recent years. Although experimental studies suggest a sleep-interfering property of pain and a pain-enhancing effect of sleep deprivation/fragmentation, the temporal association between pain and sleep as experienced ...
Sönmezer M M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Kadın Hastalıkları ve Dog AD, Cebeci, 06100, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2012
The role of serum AMH levels in prediction of ovarian response in idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) was evaluated. MATERIAL METHOD(S): Twelve patients with IHH underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) for IVF were enrolled in this prospective study. Serum AMH levels were studied on the 2nd or 3rd day of an ...
Jeppesen Jørgen - - 2012
Objective. Mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene are the cause of Marfan syndrome. We wanted to investigate the relationship between a mutation in this gene and risk of prevalent hypertension. Methods. In a cross-sectional study, the effect of a G-A substitution in intron 27 in the fibrillin-1 gene (rs11856553) on risk ...
Barreda Flory-Anne - - 2012
The potential of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) for the rapid determination of platinum in liquid silicone oils has been evaluated in the framework of on-line process control. A comparison of LIBS sensitivity between three setups designed for liquid analysis (static, liquid jet and flowing liquid) was performed using a 266 nm ...
Gartiser Stefan - - 2012
Many pharmaceuticals and related metabolites are not efficiently removed in sewage treatment plants and enter into surface water. There, they might be subject of drinking water abstraction and treatment by ozonation. In this study, a systematic approach for producing and effect-based testing of transformation products (TPs) during the drinking water ...
Couillault Carole - - 2012
The nematode C. elegans responds to infection by the fungus Drechmeria coniospora with a rapid increase in the expression of antimicrobial peptide genes. To investigate further the molecular basis of this innate immune response, we took a two-dimensional difference in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE) approach to characterize the changes in host protein ...
Lorenc Dusan - - 2012
An alternative secondary ion mass spectrometry utilizing laser preionization is introduced. The native Ag sample surface is first irradiated with laser pulse (100 fs duration, 10(10)-10(11) W/cm(2) intensity, 1240 nm wavelength) and subsequently bombarded with primary ions (Bi (3) (+) , 10 ns duration, 25 keV energy). Multiple correlation patterns are observed in the mass ...
Narod S A - - 2012
It has been proposed that a proportion of non-palpable breast cancers that are diagnosed through mammography represents a very low-risk subgroup of cancers that may not affect survival (overdiagnosis). The salient pathologic features of cancers in this theoretical subgroup are not known, and therefore, it is not possible to predict ...
Zhao Yong-Qi - - 2012
To evaluate the shear bond strength (SBS) between alumina-toughened zirconia (ATZ) cores and veneering ceramics, investigate the effect of aging in artificial saliva on SBS and compare it with that of yttria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals(Y-TZP). Bars of ATZ and Y-TZP were layered with veneering ceramics in accordance to the recommendation ...
Shattuck Paul T - - 2012
The need for useful evidence about services is increasing as larger numbers of children identified with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) age toward adulthood. The objective of this review was to characterize the topical and methodological aspects of research on services for supporting success in work, education, and social participation ...
de Andrade Fabíola Bof - - 2012
Identifying changes in the oral health status of older populations, and their predictors and explanations, is necessary for public health planning. The authors assessed patterns of change in oral health-related quality of life in a large cohort of older adults in Brazil during a five-year period and evaluated associations between ...
Nunstedt Håkan - - 2012
In all social groups, major depression is an increasingly serious problem in modern society. Important aspects of a person's capacity for recovery are the person's own understanding of the illness and the ability to use this understanding to manage the illness. The aim of this study is to describe how ...
Salem Emad A - - 2012
To investigate the potential protective effects of selenium and lycopene, either alone or in combination, for cisplatin-induced oxidative stress and testicular dysfunction in male rats. A total of 50 adult male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups of 10 animals each, as follows: control group (treated with placebo); cisplatin-alone ...
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