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Results 301 - 350 of 4185
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Weber Robert A RA Division of Plastic Surgery, Scott & White Healthcare, 2401 South 31st Street, Temple, Texas 76508, USA. - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to introduce plastic surgeons to a theory of adult education. Most surgeons have been hired by their parent institution because of their clinical skills, and rightly so. At the same time, these same surgeons choose or are expected to be involved to varying degrees ...
Held Eva - - 2012
In the present study we aimed to analyse structural changes during in vitro maturation of the bovine zona pellucida (ZP) by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) ands zona pellucida birefringence (ZPB). Here we show that alterations during in vitro maturation invasively analysed by SEM are reflected in ZPB. In vivo-matured oocytes ...
Kuroda Kouichi - - 2012
By cell surface display of ModE protein that is a transcriptional regulator of operons involved in the molybdenum metabolism in Escherichia coli, we have constructed a molybdate-binding yeast (Nishitani et al., Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 86:641-648, 2010). In this study, the binding specificity of the molybdate-binding domain of the ModE protein ...
Murphy Denise M - - 2012
Professional competency has traditionally been divided into 2 essential components: knowledge and skill. More recent definitions have recommended additional components such as communication, values, reasoning, and teamwork. A standard, widely accepted, comprehensive definition remains an elusive goal. For infection preventionists (IPs), the requisite elements of competence are most often embedded ...
Mackenzie Todd A - - 2012
Survival is an end point of immense interest in cardiothoracic research. In observational studies, the comparison of survival between groups of patients is usually accomplished using a toolbox that includes Kaplan-Meier survival curves and the Cox model. The Cox model yields comparisons between groups adjusted for case-mix differences, whereas the ...
Alcock Richard F - - 2012
Cardiovascular complications are important causes of morbidity and mortality in elective non-cardiac surgery. Although difficult to diagnose, perioperative myocardial infarction (MI) remains prognostically important. High-sensitivity troponin T (hs-TnT) assays allow detection of very minor damage to cardiac muscle. These assays are yet to be fully evaluated in the perioperative setting. ...
Zheng Li - - 2012
Objective: Mirtazapine is a tetracyclic antidepressant which works relating to noradrenergic and elective serotoninergic receptors. The aim of this study was to assess the pharmacokinetic properties and bioequivalence of a newly developed tablet formulation of mirtazapine with those of an established branded formulation in healthy Chinese male volunteers. Materials and ...
Mo D - - 2012
China's milk scandal is well known for causing the nation's largest food safety crisis and for its effect on thousands of children. Less, however, is known about the effect on the other victim: China's small dairy farmers. Although small backyard producers were not the ones that added melamine to the ...
Krawczel P D - - 2012
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate short-term responses in lying behavior and hygiene of Holstein dairy cows housed at a stocking density of 100 (1 cow per stall and headlock) or 142% imposed by 1) the denial of access to freestalls and headlocks, 2) the denial of ...
van Hulzen K J E - - 2012
Heritability of susceptibility to Johne's disease in cattle has been shown to vary from 0.041 to 0.159. Although the presence of genetic variation involved in susceptibility to Johne's disease has been demonstrated, the understanding of genes contributing to the genetic variance is far from complete. The objective of this study ...
Hyun Jeong S JS Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford, CA, - - 2012
The phenomenon of tissue regeneration has been well documented across many species. Although some possess the capacity to completely restore an entire amputated limb, others are limited to just the distal digit tip. Initiation of limb regeneration has been described to start with the formation of a blastema, the composition ...
Khan Muhammad A - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Treatment of ankylosing spondylitis and related disorders has been revolutionized by the advent of biological therapy, especially tumor necrosis factor-α inhibitors. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, however, remain the first line of treatment. Evidence has accumulated that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy of ankylosing spondylitis and related disorders is effective in controlling ...
Berna Pascal - - 2012
The thoracodorsal artery perforator flap (TDAP flap) allows raising the same cutaneous island as in the classical latissimus dorsi musculocutaneous flap without its muscular part. All patients who underwent a completion pneumonectomy with reinforcement of bronchial stump with a TDAP flap from December 2009 to October 2010 were followed prospectively. ...
Ottomanelli Lisa - - 2012
Ottomanelli L, Goetz LL, Suris A, McGeough C, Sinnott PL, Toscano R, Barnett SD, Cipher DJ, Lind LM, Dixon TM, Holmes SA, Kerrigan AJ, Thomas FP. Effectiveness of supported employment for veterans with spinal cord injuries: results from a randomized multisite study. To examine whether supported employment (SE) is more ...
Kuo Alexander - - 2012
The management of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection requires understanding the natural history of the disease as well as the risks, benefits, and limitations of the therapeutic options. This article covers the principles governing when to start antiviral therapy, discusses recent advances using hepatitis B surface antigen quantification to ...
Wright Sasiporn - - 2012
Linagliptin (BI 1356) is a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor for treatment of Type 2 diabetes which recently gained approval in the US, Europe, and Japan. Linagliptin showed nonlinear pharmacokinetics after intravenous and oral administration, which is due to a concentration-dependent protein binding of linagliptin to its target enzyme DPP-4. The ...
Li C - - 2012
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary factors that alter ruminal fermentability on intake, duodenal flows and intestinal digestibility of individual amino acids (AA) in lactating dairy cows. The experiment was designed as a 4×4 Latin square using 4 ruminally and duodenally cannulated lactating dairy cows. Treatments ...
Uteshev V K - - 2012
The use of hormonally induced spermatozoa expressed in urine (HISu) is a valuable component of reproduction technologies for amphibians. Five protocols for sampling HISu from the European common frog (Rana temporaria) were compared: (1) pituitary extracts, (2) 0.12µgg(-1) luteinising hormone-releasing hormone analogue (LHRHa), (3) 1.20µgg(-1) LHRHa, (4) 11.7IUg(-1) human chorionic ...
Reid Mary - - 2012
To review strategies to incorporate biomarkers into screening studies, and prevention and therapeutic clinical trials. Published research articles. The incorporation of biomarkers into cancer clinical trials has been an important advancement in the last two decades of cancer research and has been critical to increasing our understanding of cancer across ...
Macaluso Marcella - - 2012
Distinct molecular pathways could be constitutively active in mouse T-Antigen positive and T-Antigen negative medulloblastoma cell lines, contributing to their phenotypic differences as well as to cellular responses, cell cycle progression, cell death and survival. The diversity of these responses may be due, at least in part, to distinct activities ...
Rosenberg Karen - - 2012
A new approach to chronic illness could serve as a national model.
Kasirajan Vigneshwar - - 2012
A web-based registry was used to prospectively study patients after minimally invasive surgery with monitoring to determine freedom from atrial fibrillation (AF) (clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00747838). This is a report showing the utility and feasibility of the registry. All patients had symptomatic AF refractory to medical treatment. Surgical ablation was performed using bipolar ...
Davern Timothy J - - 2012
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI), also known as hepatotoxicity, refers to liver injury caused by drugs or other chemical agents, and represents a special type of adverse drug reaction. It has been estimated that more than 600 drugs and chemicals have been associated with significant liver injury. Many previous reviews have ...
Hadolt Bernhard - - 2012
On the assumption that technical practices and artifacts are fundamental constituents of individual and collective attempts to order lives and bodies in health and sickness, in this introduction, we set out three central propositions. First, medical techniques have to take center stage in research on biomedicine. Second, as medical artifacts ...
Documet Patricia I - - 2012
To explore (a) how women who were diagnosed with breast cancer (BC) defined themselves as survivors and when this occurred, and (b) the types of benefits they derived from their experiences. An exploratory, qualitative approach. 112 women who had BC (response rate = 70%). Participants were recruited from two cancer ...
Polovich Martha M Duke Oncology Network, Durham, NC, USA. - - 2012
To examine relationships among factors affecting nurses' use of hazardous drug (HD) safe-handling precautions, identify factors that promote or interfere with HD precaution use, and determine managers' perspectives on the use of HD safe-handling precautions. Cross-sectional, mixed methods; mailed survey to nurses who handle chemotherapy and telephone interviews with managers. ...
Reveille John D - - 2012
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is associated with both significant direct and indirect costs, which vary by country, and have generally increased dramatically since the introduction of anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy. The cost-effectiveness of biologic agents is controversial, although cost-effectiveness studies need to consider the potential impact of anti-tumor necrosis factor treatments ...
Triolo Ronald J RJ Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, - - 2012
To investigate the longitudinal performance of a surgically implanted neuroprosthesis for lower-extremity exercise, standing, and transfers after spinal cord injury. Case series. Research or outpatient physical therapy departments of 4 academic hospitals. Subjects (N=15) with thoracic or low cervical level spinal cord injuries who had received the 8-channel neuroprosthesis for ...
Farkas Emily A - - 2012
Although well established for the treatment of intracranial and prostatic pathology, stereotactic radiosurgery has only recently emerged as a modality for the treatment of malignant lung lesions. Utilization of radio-opaque markers, called fiducials, facilitate dose-intensive radiation focused on the tumor with sparing of surrounding normal tissue. There is a paucity ...
Ospina P A - - 2012
The objectives were (1) to explain why the risk ratio (RR) is an appropriate measure of association when the outcome of interest is dichotomous (e.g., displaced abomasum or no displaced abomasum) in both cohort studies and randomized trials; and (2) to outline an applied method for estimating the RR using ...
Cellucci Tania - - 2012
To compare clinical, laboratory, and imaging characteristics of childhood primary angiitis of the central nervous system (PACNS) subtypes at diagnosis and during followup; to characterize disease activity trajectories in childhood PACNS subtypes; and to identify early risk factors for higher disease activity. We performed a single-center cohort study of consecutive ...
Mariscalco Giovanni - - 2012
Delirium after cardiac operations is associated with significant morbidity and death. Statins have been recently suggested to exert protective cerebral effects. This study investigated whether preoperative statins were associated with decreased incidence of postoperative delirium in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. The study enrolled 4,659 consecutive patients (21% women; ...
Ng Shin Yi - - 2012
Interatrial shunting after thoracic surgery through a patent foramen ovale or previously asymptomatic atrial septal defect has been reported as a rare, clinically significant and potentially treatable condition. The incidence, presentation, management, and outcome after thoracic surgery have yet to be defined. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all ...
Russo Cesare - - 2012
Left atrial (LA) maximum volume (LAV(max)) is an indicator of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. However, LAV(max) is also influenced by systolic events, whereas the LA minimum volume (LAV(min)) is directly exposed to LV pressure. The authors hypothesised that LAV(min) may be a better correlate of LV diastolic function than ...
Liu Mengyuan T MT Department of Plastic Surgery, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2012
This study was designed to compare the efficacy of the transpalpebral versus endoscopic approach to decompression of the supraorbital and supratrochlear nerves in patients with frontal migraine headaches. The medical charts of 253 patients who underwent surgery for frontal migraine headaches were reviewed. These patients underwent either transpalpebral nerve decompression ...
de St Jorre T Jorre - - 2012
Ewes supposedly need to be separated from rams before male stimuli can increase gonadotrophin secretion and induce ovulation. In the present study, we investigated the LH response of ewes to 'novel' and 'familiar' rams after varying periods of separation. In Experiment 1, ewes (n=8 per treatment) were separated from familiar ...
Mikasova Lenka - - 2012
Autoimmune synaptic encephalitides are recently described human brain diseases leading to psychiatric and neurological syndromes through inappropriate brain-autoantibody interactions. The most frequent synaptic autoimmune encephalitis is associated with autoantibodies against extracellular domains of the glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor, with patients developing psychotic and neurological symptoms in an autoantibody titre-dependent manner. Although ...
Divine Jon - - 2012
: To investigate the incidence of anterior knee pain among new recruits participating in a targeted exercise intervention, as an addition to army basic training, compared with recruits in an unmodified training program. : Single-blind, cluster (by troop) randomized, controlled trial, during the 14-week period of basic military training. : ...
González-Calle Antonio - - 2012
A patient had a history of a Ross-Konno procedure, stenting of the pulmonary homograft, and an aortic valve replacement. Pressure necrosis developed in the tissues in between the stent and the prosthetic valve. This resulted in a defect between the right and left ventricular outflow tracts that required a complex ...
Suthar V S - - 2012
Three experiments were conducted to determine the effect of endogenous progesterone (P4) on body temperature comparing lactating, pregnant with lactating, nonpregnant cows, and to study the effect of exogenous P4 administered via a controlled internal drug release (CIDR) insert on body temperature in lactating dairy cows. Body temperature was measured ...
Kienzler Hanna - - 2012
This article traces the social life of psychiatric practice in the context of war and postwar societies. It is argued that although psychiatric knowledge and practice is situated and grounded in particular cultural, social, and political contexts, it is important to examine how transnational networks situate local systems of meaning ...
Yuan K - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a rumen-protected niacin product (RPN; 65% nicotinic acid; NiaShure, Balchem Corp., New Hampton, NY) on lipid metabolism, oxidative stress, and performance of transition dairy cows. Thirty nonlactating multiparous Holstein cows in late gestation were paired according to expected calving ...
Srivastava Kamal D - - 2012
Food Allergy Herbal Formula-2 (FAHF-2) prevents anaphylaxis in a murine model of peanut allergy. Multiple food allergies (MFA) are common and associated with a higher risk of anaphylaxis. No well-characterized murine model of sensitization to multiple food allergens exists, and no satisfactory therapy for MFA is currently available. To determine ...
Peungjesada Silanath - - 2012
We present a rare case of incidentally found mobile thoracolithiasis in a 76-year-old cirrhotic patient on serial computed tomography scans performed before and after transarterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma. Mobility and calcification are the important clue to diagnosing this benign condition and avoiding unnecessary surgery.
Van der Meer W Joerd - - 2012
Purpose: Insight into the bone volume and position of natural teeth is essential when placing implants to retain nasal prostheses. This paper describes a series of three cases in which a new method was applied for implant placement in the nasal floor of dentate patients using digital planning techniques. Materials ...
Linksvayer Timothy A - - 2012
The evolution and development of complex phenotypes in social insect colonies, such as queen-worker dimorphism or division of labor, can, in our opinion, only be fully understood within an expanded mechanistic framework of Developmental Evolution. Conversely, social insects offer a fertile research area in which fundamental questions of Developmental Evolution ...
Lee Jung Il - - 2012
Radiographic carpal chondromalacia (RCC) was defined as the presence of cortical sclerosis or subchondral changes, such as a lucent defect or cystic changes in a carpal on plain radiographs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors associated with the occurrence of RCC in idiopathic ulnar impaction syndrome ...
Mohtadi Nicholas G H - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to develop a self-administered evaluative tool to measure health-related quality of life in young, active patients with hip disorders. This outcome measure was developed for active patients (aged 18 to 60 years, Tegner activity level ≥ 4) presenting with a variety of symptomatic hip ...
Yildiz Sema - - 2012
We aimed to investigate the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation on cerebral blood flow (CBF). In 21 COPD patients - in both exacerbation and stable phases -Doppler ultrasonographies of internal carotid artery (ICA) and vertebral artery (VA) were performed. There were significant differences in total, anterior and ...
Revel Ariel - - 2012
The endometrium is one of the most fascinating tissues in the human body. Its sole purpose is to enable implantation of an embryo during a relatively short window of opportunity in the menstrual cycle. It is becoming clear that overcoming the current bottleneck in improvements to assisted reproductive techniques will ...
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