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Miaskowski Christine C Department of Physiological Nursing, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143-0610, USA. - - 2012
To review the evidence on a number of biomarkers that show potential clinical utility in the prediction of and treatment responsiveness for the four most common symptoms associated with cancer and its treatment (ie, pain, fatigue, sleep disturbance, depression). Review and synthesis of review articles and data-based publications. A growing ...
Larenas-Linnemann Désirée E S - - 2012
Practical issues dealing with the administration of allergen immunotherapy (AIT) by European and US allergists are not well known. Several concerns are only partially covered by guidelines. To survey AIT practice patterns among worldwide members of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology (AAAAI). A web-based survey was conducted ...
Metzdorff Mark T - - 2012
Paraganglioma of the trachea is a rare neoplasm, with fewer than 15 cases reported. A 40-year-old man presented with stridor and hemoptysis. Bronchoscopy demonstrated a tumor of the posterior trachea and biopsy initially suggested typical carcinoid. The patient underwent surgical resection uneventfully and made a good recovery. Final pathology disclosed ...
Both Leonard L Hotung Molecular Immunology Unit, Division of Clinical Sciences, St George's University of London, London, - - 2012
Prevention of clinical disease in those exposed to viral infection is an important goal of human medicine. Using rabies virus infection as an example, we discuss the advances in passive immunoprophylaxis, most notably the shift from the recommended polyclonal human or equine immunoglobulins to monoclonal antibody therapies. The first rabies-specific ...
Lee Grace M GM Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA. - - 2012
In 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) ceased additional payment for hospitalizations resulting in complications deemed preventable, including several health care-associated infections. We sought to understand the impact of the CMS payment policy on infection prevention efforts. A national survey of infection preventionists from a random sample ...
Xie Xin-Hui - - 2012
Cytotherapy is an insufficient method for promoting bone repair in steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON), and this has been attributed to impairment of the bioactivity of bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) after pulsed administration of steroids. Cryopreserved autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMNCs), which contain BMSCs, might maintain their bioactivity in vitro. ...
Miura Takashi - - 2012
A 73-year-old woman underwent both mitral and aortic valve replacements with porcine heart valve prostheses because of severe mitral regurgitation and severe aortic regurgitation. Ten months after surgery, maximal flow velocity of the aortic valve reached 4.6 m/sec and moderate mitral regurgitation was detected. Repeated mitral and aortic valve replacements ...
Treglia Giorgio - - 2012
To systematically review the role of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in evaluating treatment response to imatinib or other drugs in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). A comprehensive literature search of published studies through February 2011 in PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE databases was performed. We identified 19 studies including 628 patients ...
Bagchi Gautam - - 2012
Permanent facial paralysis can be devastating for a patient. Modern society's emphasis on appearance and physical beauty contributes to this problem and often leads to isolation of patients embarrassed by their appearance. Lagophthalmos with ocular exposure, loss of oral competence with resultant drooling, alar collapse with nasal airway obstruction, and ...
Hauge S J - - 2012
Animal cleanliness in dairy herds is essential to ensure hygienic milk production, high microbial quality of carcasses, good hide quality, and animal welfare. The objective of this study was to identify on-farm factors associated with dairy cattle cleanliness. The study also examined differences in risk factors and preventive factors between ...
Matthews L R - - 2012
Some evidence exists that cow body condition score (BCS) is associated with risks to animal health, and that higher BCS in extensively kept animals provides a buffer against cold conditions or other adverse weather events. Not surprisingly, measures of BCS feature in dairy cattle welfare assessment protocols. However, the degree ...
Brscic M - - 2012
The study aimed to assess the in vivo and postmortem prevalence of respiratory disorders in veal calves and investigate risk factors associated with them. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 174 farms in the 3 major veal meat-producing countries in Europe (50 in France, 100 in the Netherlands, and ...
Blanchard Joan C - - 2012
Reuse of single-use devices Key words: single-use devices, resterilization, reuse, repurposing of single-use devices. Use of long-sleeved perioperative warm-up jackets Key words: perioperative attire, recommended practices for attire. Requirements for preoperative fasting Key words: NPO, surgical fasting, preoperative fasting. Necessity of medication orders for medications on the sterile field Key ...
Zhu Shao-Cheng - - 2012
To explore the findings of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and the diffusion characteristics on patellar cartilage in healthy adults. Thirty healthy subjects were studied on SIEMENS 3.0-T Trio Tim magnetic resonance (MR) scanner. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the patellar cartilage were measured in different areas. The patellar cartilage ...
Gordon Fredric D - - 2012
Ascites is the pathologic accumulation of fluid in the peritoneum. It is the most common complication of cirrhosis, with a prevalence of approximately 10%. Over a 10-year period, 50% of patients with previously compensated cirrhosis are expected to develop ascites. As a marker of hepatic decompensation, ascites is associated with ...
Vanwormer Lisa A - - 2012
Background/Study Context: The inhibitory deficit hypothesis (Hasher & Zacks, 1988 , The Psychology of Learning and Motivation: Advances in Research and Theory, 22, 193-225) suggests that older adults are more susceptible to interference from irrelevant information because of age-related declines in inhibitory ability. Reading comprehension tasks have found that this ...
Mollenhorst H - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess farmers' preferences for the performance characteristics of mastitis detection systems. Additionally, we looked at whether certain groups of farmers could be distinguished with specific preferences. Farmers' opinions concerning mastitis detection systems, as well as general information about the farm and the farmer, ...
- - 2012
Abstracts appear as they were submitted and have not undergone editing or the Oncology Nursing Forum's review process. If any errors or omissions have been made, please accept our apologies. Abstracts that are not being presented do not appear.
Richmond Ellen S - - 2012
To provide an overview of the basic principles of biomarker use in clinical oncology practice and discuss the range of biomarker forms (from genes to constitutional characteristics), biomarker functions (both disease- and drug-related), modalities (protein expression patterns to patient history), the criteria for biomarker validation, and the integral role of bioinformatics. ...
Gotera Jenifer - - 2012
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is associated to episodic exacerbations of asthma involving alveolar macrophages and chemokine production. The aim of this study was to determine the circulating levels of monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES), and substance P (SP) in ...
El-Rassi Issam - - 2012
We describe a simple rerouting technique for an anteriorly situated anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA), extending the left main coronary trunk with autologous aortic and pulmonary tissue. This technique is reproducible. It provides a tension-free aortocoronary anastomosis and a full potential for future growth.
Unger Cecile A - - 2012
Vesicouterine fistulae are the least common type of urogenital fistulae found in women and are often the result of inadvertent bladder injury at the time of cesarean delivery. Few case reports exist on the management and repair of these fistulae. A 41-year-old woman with a history of three cesarean deliveries ...
Jain Manu - - 2012
Multiphoton microscopy (MPM) is a nonlinear imaging approach, providing cellular and subcellular details from fresh (unprocessed) tissue by exciting intrinsic tissue emissions. With miniaturization and substantially decreased cost on the horizon, MPM is an emerging imaging technique with many potential clinical applications. To assess the imaging ability and diagnostic accuracy ...
Kanaskie Mary Louise - - 2012
Purpose/Objectives: To present the results of a principle-based concept analysis of cognitive change in patients with cancer following chemotherapy treatment.Data Sources: 86 English-language articles retrieved through OVID, PubMed, CINAHL®, and Web of Knowledge searches through June 2010. No time limits were imposed.Data Synthesis: Analysis was based on the philosophical principles: ...
Sears Erika Davis ED Section of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2012
Outcomes measured from the patient perspective are particularly important in plastic surgery, where many of the treatments are aimed at improving physical function, psychosocial function, and quality of life. Understanding the measurement of patient-reported outcomes is critical to determine the value of the interventions performed, to better inform clinical decision-making, ...
Gillespie Brigid M - - 2012
In surgery, as much as 30% of procedure-specific information may be lost as a result of miscommunication. We assessed the relationship between interruptions, team familiarity, and miscommunications across a purposive sample of 160 surgical procedures in 10 specialties during a six-month period. Descriptive analysis was used to quantify interruptions in ...
Hanchett Marilyn - - 2012
The Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc, developed its first model of infection preventionist (IP) competency in 2011. The model is based on the principles of patient safety, professional and practice standards, and core competencies identified through research conducted by the Certification Board of Infection Control and ...
Baker-Lepain Julie C JC University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2012
To test whether single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the FRZB gene are associated with hip shape, and to determine whether FRZB variant alleles affect the relationship between hip shape and radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip. A nested case-control study of Caucasian women, age ≥65 years, from the Study of Osteoporotic ...
Bonatti Johannes - - 2012
Multivessel robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting is currently under development. Quadruple totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass has so far not been reported. A 75-year-old patient with multivessel coronary artery disease underwent daVinci Si-assisted completely endoscopic placement of a left internal mammary artery bypass to the left anterior descending ...
Wada Hironobu - - 2012
Mediastinal thoracic duct cysts are rare clinical findings. We report the case of a symptomatic 58-year-old woman in whom a thoracic duct cyst was successfully treated with surgical resection. Preoperative endobronchial ultrasonography revealed an oval-shaped hypoechoic area with a distinct, thick pedicle, gradual intermittent flux of the fluid content within ...
Pieri Francesco - - 2012
Purpose: The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of ultrashort implants (4-mm diameter, 6-mm length) supporting fixed partial dentures in severely atrophic posterior mandibles. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients with posterior edentulous mandibular spans and 7- to 8-mm residual bone heights above the mandibular ...
Santman-Berends I M G A - - 2012
Heifer mastitis is a problem and risk factors may differ between heifers and older cows. The aim of this study was to estimate the heifer subclinical mastitis (HSCLM) incidence based on elevated somatic cell count (SCC) in the first 100d in lactation and the associated risk factors in Dutch dairy ...
Laarman A H - - 2012
The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of feeding a calf starter on the volatile fatty acid (VFA) profile in the rumen and on expression of genes involved in epithelial intracellular pH regulation, butyrate metabolism, and hepatic urea cycle during the weaning transition. Twenty Holstein bull calves ...
Jackson Rubie Sue - - 2012
Although obesity is a risk factor for vascular disease, previous studies have shown an obesity paradox with decreased mortality in obese patients undergoing vascular surgery. This study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). The 2005-2009 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality ...
Grebely Jason J The Kirby Institute for Infection and Immunity in Society, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) was discovered more than two decades ago, but progress towards a vaccine has been slow. HCV infection will spontaneously clear in about 25% of people. Studies of spontaneous HCV clearance in chimpanzees and human beings have identified host and viral factors that could be important in ...
McCullough Mona - - 2012
The objective of this study was to report on the location of the ureters in relation to the sacral promontory at the level of the pelvic brim. Female patients undergoing indicated computed tomographic (CT) urograms were selected for this study. Charts and images from a defined 3-year study period were ...
Kim Ki Hwan - - 2012
Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is extremely rare, and MFH arising from a hydronephrotic kidney has not been reported. When MFH originates from a long-standing hydronephrotic kidney, the imaging findings can include nearly invisible renal parenchyma and atrophy of the ureter and renal artery, in addition to the findings attributable ...
Sangle Nikhil A - - 2012
Osteosarcoma is one of the most common primary malignant bone tumors in children and adolescents. Telangiectatic osteosarcoma is an unusual variant of osteosarcoma, forming 3% to 10% of all osteosarcomas. Radiographically, these tumors appear as purely lytic destructive lesions located in the metaphyses of long bones. The location and x-ray ...
Iimura Kurin - - 2012
Teleost fish scale is a dermal skeleton equipped with a strong regenerative ability. Owing to this regenerative ability, teleost fish scale can be used as a model for the regeneration of the dermal skeleton. However, there is insufficient fundamental knowledge of the regeneration, and this limits the usage of fish ...
Mounsey J S - - 2012
Hydrolyzed or nonhydrolyzed sodium caseinate-lactose dispersions were spray dried, at a protein: lactose ratio of 0.5, to examine the effects of protein hydrolysis on relaxation behavior and stickiness of model powders. Sodium caseinate (NC) used included a nonhydrolyzed control (DH 0) and 2 hydrolyzed variants (DH 8.3 and DH 15), ...
Küpper J - - 2012
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic manifestation of Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) infection in German Holstein cows. Incorporated into this study were 11,285 German Holstein herd book cows classified as MAP-positive and MAP-negative animals using fecal culture results and originating from 15 farms in Thuringia, Germany ...
Loprinzi Paul D PD Department of Exercise Science, Bellarmine University, Louisville, KY, USA. - - 2012
To examine the association between physical activity and breast cancer mortality and recurrence, and to provide an overview of factors related to physical activity behavior in women with breast cancer. An extensive review of the epidemiologic literature on the effect of physical activity on breast cancer recurrence and mortality was ...
Crosby Melissa A MA Department of Plastic Surgery, The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. Houston, Texas 77230-1402, USA. - - 2012
As breast cancer survivorship increases, more women are being affected by treatment sequelae, including lymphedema. The purpose of this study was to evaluate lymphedema incidence among immediate breast reconstruction patients and determine what factors are associated with lymphedema, including reconstruction method. The authors reviewed the outcomes of all consecutive patients ...
Ghodsizad Ali - - 2012
Insufficient liver remnant volume still precludes patients with potentially resectable tumors from curative surgery. Clinically, it has been demonstrated that transplanted adult stem cells promote liver regeneration. However, the mechanisms of the observed functional improvements are unknown. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of transplanted human ...
Petersen Bryan C BC Department of Pathology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2012
Interleukin-25 (IL-25) is a cytokine associated with allergy and asthma that functions to promote type 2 immune responses at mucosal epithelial surfaces and serves to protect against helminth parasitic infections in the intestinal tract. This study identifies the IL-25 receptor, IL-17RB, as a key mediator of both innate and adaptive ...
Boening Klaus W - - 2012
Purpose: This study investigated the clinical performance of resin-bonded fixed partial dentures (RBFPDs) using minimally invasive, nonretentive abutment tooth preparation. Materials and Methods: Forty-four patients received 56 porcelain-fused-to-metal RBFPDs (52 three-unit RBFPDs, 4 four-unit RBFPDs). All RBFPDs were inserted between 1995 and 2010 according to a standardized protocol. Thirty-eight RBFPDs ...
Smith Kevin - - 2012
Objective: To determine the absolute bioavailability of naloxone from oral doses ranging from 5 mg to 120 mg. Materials and methods: In this open-label study, 28 healthy subjects received naloxone 1 mg (0.4 mg/ml) as an intravenous infusion (reference treatment), and the following oral doses as prolonged release (PR) naloxone ...
Buijze Geert A - - 2012
The primary risk factor for nonunion of the scaphoid is displacement/instability, but delayed or missed diagnosis, inadequate treatment, fracture location, and blood supply are also risk factors. Untreated nonunion leads to degenerative wrist arthritis-the so-called scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse wrist. However, the correlation of symptoms and disease is poor; the ...
Hammer Marilyn J - - 2012
Purpose/Objectives: To introduce a conceptual model detailing the physiologic contributions of malglycemia to cancer formation and increased morbidity and mortality.Data Sources: A literature search was conducted using the PubMed, CINAHL®, and Cochrane databases, as well as Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) cancer statistics.Data Synthesis: Multiple complex factors are associated ...
Picklesimer Amy H AH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Greenville Hospital System University Medical Center, Greenville, SC, - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of group prenatal care on rates of preterm birth. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 316 women in group prenatal care that was compared with 3767 women in traditional prenatal care. Women self-selected participation in group care. Risk factors ...
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