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Selmi Tommaso - - 2012
RNA binding proteins belonging to the TIS11/TTP gene family regulate the stability of multiple targets. Their inactivation or deregulated expression has recently been related to cancer, and it has been suggested that they are capable of displaying tumor suppressor activities. Here we describe three new targets of ZFP36 (PIM-1, PIM-3 ...
Pabla Navjotsingh - - 2012
Comment on: Pabla N, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2012; 109:197-202.
Chuang Linda Shyue Huey - - 2012
RUNX family proteins are critical regulators of lineage differentiation during development. The high prevalence of RUNX mutation/epigenetic inactivation in human cancer indicates a causative role for dysfunctional RUNX in carcinogenesis. This is supported by well-documented evidence of functional interaction of RUNX with components of major oncogenic or tumor suppressive signaling ...
Forzati Floriana - - 2012
The generation of knockout mice for the Cbx7 gene validates the tumor suppressor role of CBX7, whose expression is lost in several human malignancies. Indeed, these mice developed liver and lung adenomas and carcinomas. Cyclin E overexpression due to the lack of Cbx7 negative regulation of its expression likely accounts ...
Soroka Joanna - - 2012
Comment on: Soroka J, et al. Mol Cell 2012; 45:517-28.
Ricci Francesca - - 2012
Solid tumors appear to contain a subpopulation of cells (tumor-initiating cells, TICs) that not only drives and sustains tumor growth, but is possibly responsible for recurrence. We isolated, after enzymatic digestion of primary ovarian carcinoma samples, a subpopulation of cells propagating as non-adherent spheres in medium suitable for tumor stem ...
Goloudina Anastasia R - - 2012
Wip1 is a stress-response phosphatase that negatively regulates several tumor suppressors, including p53. In a sizeable fraction of tumors, overexpression or amplification of Wip1 compromises p53 functions; inhibition of Wip1 activity is an attractive strategy for improving treatment of these tumors. However, over half of human tumors contain mutations in ...
Cheng Yulan - - 2012
The search for new therapeutic agents that are effective against cancer has been difficult and expensive. The activity of anticancer candidate agents against human cancer-derived cell lines in immunocompromised mice is an important tool in this search. Because ATP is a naturally occurring small molecule, its radiolabeled form poses many ...
Karlgren Maria - - 2012
The hepatic organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) influence the pharmacokinetics of several drug classes and are involved in many clinical drug-drug interactions. Predicting potential interactions with OATPs is, therefore, of value. Here, we developed in vitro and in silico models for identification and prediction of specific and general inhibitors of ...
Carlson Scott M - - 2012
Chemical genetics represents an expanding collection of techniques applied to a variety of signaling processes. These techniques use a combination of chemical reporters and protein engineering to identify targets of a signaling enzyme in a global and non-directed manner without resorting to hypothesis-driven candidate approaches. In the last year, chemical ...
Daugherity Erin K - - 2012
Steatoapoptosis is a hallmark of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and is an important factor in liver disease progression. We hypothesized that increased reactive oxygen species resulting from excess dietary fat contribute to liver disease by causing DNA damage and apoptotic cell death, and tested this by investigating the effects ...
Blandino-Rosano Manuel - - 2012
The capacity of β cells to expand in response to insulin resistance is a critical factor in the development of type 2 diabetes. Proliferation of β cells is a major component for these adaptive responses in animal models. The extracellular signals responsible for β-cell expansion include growth factors, such as ...
McKenna Elizabeth S ES Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA - - 2012
Emerging evidence demonstrates that subunits of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex are specifically mutated at high frequency in a variety of human cancer types. SNF5 (SMARCB1/INI1/BAF47), a core subunit of the SWI/SNF complex, is inactivated in the vast majority of rhabdoid tumors (RT), an aggressive type of pediatric cancer. SNF5-deficient ...
Ferrara Lucille R - - 2012
ABSTRACT: An integral part of an advanced practice nursing student's educationis to partner with a clinical preceptor. Developing strategies to balance busy clinical practiceand preceptor responsibilities can foster a positive mentoring experience.
Deshommes Elise - - 2012
High particulate lead (Pb) levels can be measured in tap water, but the hazard linked to particulate Pb ingestion is unknown. An in vitro test was developed to determine the bioaccessibility of Pb particles from tap water, based on the Relative Bioaccessibility Leaching Procedure validated for soils, and applied to ...
McDaniel Jodi C - - 2012
ABSTRACT: An analysis of lifestyle choices of Midwestern young adults suggests that this sector does not heed evidence-based guidelines for reducing risk of chronic diseases, which are the most common, costly, and preventable of all health problems. Nurse practitioners who consistently promote the guidelines may improve long-term health in this ...
Lowe Nancy K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Empirical diagnosis and treatment of lower urinary tract infection (UTI) in women is the most common clinical approach due to the urgency of symptoms and cost. This study examines the importance of recognizing common symptoms and accurately diagnosing UTIs in the primary care setting.
Govan Jeane M - - 2012
Triplex-forming oligonucleotides (TFOs) are efficient tools to regulate gene expression through the inhibition of transcription. Here, nucleobase-caging technology was applied to the temporal regulation of transcription through light-activated TFOs. Through site-specific incorporation of caged thymidine nucleotides, the TFO:DNA triplex formation is blocked, rendering the TFO inactive. However, after a brief ...
Alessi Daniel S DS Environmental Microbiology Laboratory, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, CH-1015, - - 2012
The reduction of soluble hexavalent uranium to tetravalent uranium can be catalyzed by bacteria and minerals. The end-product of this reduction is often the mineral uraninite, which was long assumed to be the only product of U(VI) reduction. However, recent studies report the formation of other species including an adsorbed ...
Huang Keyang - - 2012
This work demonstrated that ultrasmall gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) smaller than 10 nm display unique advantages over nanoparticles larger than 10 nm in terms of localization to, and penetration of, breast cancer cells, multicellular tumor spheroids, and tumors in mice. Au@tiopronin nanoparticles that have tunable sizes from 2 to 15 nm ...
Yang Likui - - 2012
High-molecular weight heparins promote the protein Z-dependent protease inhibitor (ZPI) inhibition of factors Xa (FXa) and XIa (FXIa) by a template mechanism. To map the heparin-binding site of ZPI, the role of basic residues of the D-helix (residues Lys-113, Lys-116, and Lys-125) in the interaction with heparin was evaluated by ...
Bhirde Ashwinkumar A - - 2012
Nanoformulations have shown great promise for delivering chemotherapeutics and hold tremendous clinical relevance. However nuclear mapping of the chemodrugs is important to predict the success of the nanoformulation. In this study fluorescence microscopy and a subcellular tracking algorithm were used to map the diffusion of chemotherapeutic drugs in cancer cells. ...
Culik Robert M - - 2012
Thioamides are sterically almost identical to their oxoamide counterparts, but they are weaker hydrogen bond acceptors. Therefore, thioamide amino acids are excellent candidates for perturbing the energetics of backbone-backbone H-bonds in proteins and hence should be useful in elucidating protein folding mechanisms in a site-specific manner. Herein, we validate this ...
Gatlin Joseph L - - 2012
We report the case of a 52-year-old female with multiple medical complaints and extensive prior clinical and imaging workup who presented to the emergency department with weakness and recurrent episodes of abdominal pain. She had had multiple inconclusive routine computed tomographic (CT) examinations. A 7-mm small bowel tumor was diagnosed ...
Muir Andrew J - - 2012
Patients with chronic liver disease face greater risk of perioperative morbidity and mortality, with the greatest risk among patients with cirrhosis. Both the Child-Pugh score and the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease have been evaluated as predictors of postoperative mortality. Other comorbidities, age, and American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status ...
Dhingra Sadhna - - 2012
Myopericytoma arising in the visceral organs is rare and only 1 case of renal myopericytoma has been reported in the literature to date. We report the second case of myopericytoma arising in the kidney in a 40-year-old Hispanic woman who presented with pain on the left side of the abdomen ...
Yasuda S - - 2012
To establish cheese as a dairy product with health benefits, we embarked on examining the multifunctional role of cheeses, especially in the field of cancer prevention. The current study was designed to investigate whether different types of commercial goat cheeses may possess antiproliferative activity, using an HL-60 human promyelocytic leukemia ...
Hutchinson I A - - 2012
The objective was to determine the effects of a protected (lipid-encapsulated) conjugated linoleic acid (LE-CLA) supplement on milk production, estrous cycle characteristics, and reproductive performance in lactating dairy cows on a pasture-based diet. Spring calving dairy cows (n=409) on a single pasture-based commercial dairy farm were used in a completely ...
Atashi H - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to estimate the effect of dystocia on lactation performance, using an incomplete gamma function. Data from March 2000 to April 2009 comprising 100,628 lactations of 65,421 cows in 204 dairy herds collected by the Animal Breeding Center of Iran were used. Of 100,628 ...
Mendez Sarah J - - 2012
As part of a scheduled policy and procedure review, the department of nursing education at a large urban academic medical center conducted a literature review to determine the most up-to-date evidence for central venous access device (CVAD) blood draws. The literature review revealed that the dead space blood draw was ...
Mahal Amandeep Singh - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A 39-year-old woman with stress urinary incontinence underwent a retropubic midurethral sling procedure. On postoperative day 1, she presented with persistent abdominal pain and fever. A computed tomographic scan showed subcutaneous lower abdominal wall edema and gas above the fascia suggesting a necrotizing soft tissue infection. She was surgically ...
Kozower Benjamin D - - 2012
Insurers often seek to direct esophageal cancer patients to hospitals with high volumes of esophageal resection. However, controversy exists regarding the strength and validity of evidence for the volume-outcome association. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the volume-outcome relationship for esophageal cancer resection in a large population dataset ...
Divine R D - - 2012
Brown pigmentation can occasionally form in Parmesan cheese during the ripening process, creating an unappealing appearance and associated off-flavors. The browning reactions proceed at refrigerated temperatures and in the relative absence of reducing sugar, contrary to typical Maillard browning. Residual sugars, lipid oxidation products, byproducts of fermentation, and (or) enzymes ...
Chan Laurence - - 2012
Lai and colleagues demonstrate that pretreatment with N,N-dimethylsphingosine (DMS), a naturally occurring sphingosine derivative, provides renoprotection in ischemia/reperfusion injury. This DMS-induced renoprotection was abolished by the administration of agents that suppress regulatory T cells (Tregs) or by anti-CTLA-4 or anti-CD45 monoclonal antibodies, suggesting that Tregs played a critical role. The ...
Garcia Patrícia Carvalho - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of zinc on fertility through semen parameters, testosterone level and oxidative DNA damage to spermatozoa of rats exposed to cigarette smoke. Male Wistar rats (60 days old) were divided into four groups (n=10 per group): control, cigarette-smoking (20 cigarettes ...
Besedeš Tibor - - 2012
Using controlled experiments, we examine how individuals make choices when faced with multiple options. Choice tasks are designed to mimic the selection of health insurance, prescription drug, or retirement savings plans. In our experiment, available options can be objectively ranked allowing us to examine optimal decision making. First, the probability ...
von Wattenwyl Robert - - 2012
The transplantation of skeletal myoblasts (SkM) might improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction via paracrine action. We used scaffold-based cell transfer by using vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-overexpressing myoblasts. Skeletal myoblasts were isolated and expanded from newborn Lewis rats. Cells were transfected with pCINeo-VEGF121 and seeded on polyurethane (PU) scaffolds. ...
Fessa Chris K - - 2012
ABSTRACT:: Surfer's myelopathy is a rare, nontraumatic spinal cord injury that typically occurs in beginner surfers. The condition was first described in 2004 by Thompson et al and usually presents in thin young men. We present a 19-year-old man who developed lower back pain, profound bilateral lower limb paraparesis, and ...
Howard Tera Frederick - - 2012
Vaginal agglutination after spontaneous vaginal delivery has not been previously described in the medical literature. A healthy 35-year-old Gravida 2 Para 2002 had a normal, spontaneous vaginal delivery. At her 8-week postpartum visit, a speculum could not be inserted into her vagina secondary to significant foreshortening. She was breastfeeding at ...
Arevalo Alejandro R - - 2012
We describe the case of 7-day-old neonate with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and severe tricuspid valve (TV) dysplasia who underwent a Starnes right ventricular exclusion procedure (RVEP). The patient had severe tricuspid stenosis and regurgitation and right ventricular dysfunction after perforation and balloon dilation of the pulmonary valve.
Bjerre-Harpøth V - - 2012
Physiological imbalance (PI) is a situation in which physiological parameters deviate from the normal, and cows consequently have an increased risk of developing production diseases and reduced production or reproduction. Our objectives were to (1) determine the effect of stage of lactation and milk yield on metabolic and production responses ...
Westenfelder Christof - - 2012
Because pharmacological interventions for the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) have remained ineffective, cell-based therapies have been developed. Marrow stromal cells have been found to be safe and potentially effective in study subjects. Jung et al. demonstrate that macrophages made to overexpress anti-inflammatory interleukin-10 protect rats with AKI through ...
Montero N - - 2012
This study refers to the integrative assessment of sediment quality in three harbour areas at the Spanish Atlantic Coast: Vigo (Northwestern Spain), Bilbao and Pasajes (Northern Spain). At each site, two lines of evidence have been considered: chemical analyses (metal, PAH and PCB concentrations in sediments and ammonia concentration in ...
Xie Xin-Hui - - 2012
Cytotherapy is an insufficient method for promoting bone repair in steroid-associated osteonecrosis (SAON), and this has been attributed to impairment of the bioactivity of bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) after pulsed administration of steroids. Cryopreserved autologous bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells (BMMNCs), which contain BMSCs, might maintain their bioactivity in vitro. ...
Miura Takashi - - 2012
A 73-year-old woman underwent both mitral and aortic valve replacements with porcine heart valve prostheses because of severe mitral regurgitation and severe aortic regurgitation. Ten months after surgery, maximal flow velocity of the aortic valve reached 4.6 m/sec and moderate mitral regurgitation was detected. Repeated mitral and aortic valve replacements ...
Treglia Giorgio - - 2012
To systematically review the role of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in evaluating treatment response to imatinib or other drugs in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). A comprehensive literature search of published studies through February 2011 in PubMed/MEDLINE and EMBASE databases was performed. We identified 19 studies including 628 patients ...
Bagchi Gautam - - 2012
Permanent facial paralysis can be devastating for a patient. Modern society's emphasis on appearance and physical beauty contributes to this problem and often leads to isolation of patients embarrassed by their appearance. Lagophthalmos with ocular exposure, loss of oral competence with resultant drooling, alar collapse with nasal airway obstruction, and ...
Hauge S J - - 2012
Animal cleanliness in dairy herds is essential to ensure hygienic milk production, high microbial quality of carcasses, good hide quality, and animal welfare. The objective of this study was to identify on-farm factors associated with dairy cattle cleanliness. The study also examined differences in risk factors and preventive factors between ...
Matthews L R - - 2012
Some evidence exists that cow body condition score (BCS) is associated with risks to animal health, and that higher BCS in extensively kept animals provides a buffer against cold conditions or other adverse weather events. Not surprisingly, measures of BCS feature in dairy cattle welfare assessment protocols. However, the degree ...
Brscic M - - 2012
The study aimed to assess the in vivo and postmortem prevalence of respiratory disorders in veal calves and investigate risk factors associated with them. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 174 farms in the 3 major veal meat-producing countries in Europe (50 in France, 100 in the Netherlands, and ...
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