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Li H-Q - - 2012
Ficus, with about 755 species, diverse habits and complicated co-evolutionary history with fig wasps, is a notoriously difficult group in taxonomy. DNA barcoding is expected to bring light to the identification of Ficus but needs evaluation of candidate loci. Based on five plastid loci (rbcL, matK, trnH-psbA, psbK-psbI, atpF-atpH) and ...
Juurlink David N - - 2012
To examine whether postpartum maternal prescription of codeine was associated with an increased risk of harm to newborns. Population-based retrospective cohort study. Ontario, Canada, from April 1, 1998 to March 1, 2008. A total of 7804 mothers with publically-funded prescription drug coverage. Women who received a prescription for a codeine-containing ...
Wagner Daniel - - 2012
PURPOSE: Patellofemoral instability is influenced by ligamentous, boney and neuromuscular factors. The most important variables are trochlea geometry, medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL), patella height, tibial tuberosity-trochlea groove distance (TT-TG) and the extensor muscles. Treatment is complicated by these multifactorial conditions. This prospective study examined the influence of risk factors on ...
Wandersman Abraham - - 2012
An individual or organization that sets out to implement an innovation (e.g., a new technology, program, or policy) generally requires support. In the Interactive Systems Framework for Dissemination and Implementation, a Support System should work with Delivery Systems (national, state and/or local entities such as health and human service organizations, ...
Lapierre Ray - - 2012
This special issue of Nanotechnology focuses on studies illustrating the application of nanowires for energy including solar cells, efficient lighting and water splitting. Over the next three decades, nanotechnology will make significant contributions towards meeting the increased energy needs of the planet, now known as the TeraWatt challenge. Nanowires in ...
Reaungamornrat S - - 2012
PURPOSE: Conventional tracker configurations for surgical navigation carry a variety of limitations, including limited geometric accuracy, line-of-sight obstruction, and mismatch of the view angle with the surgeon's-eye view. This paper presents the development and characterization of a novel tracker configuration (referred to as "Tracker-on-C") intended to address such limitations by ...
Kyle Jennifer Reiber - - 2012
Graphene is an allotrope of carbon whose structure is based on one-atom-thick planar sheets of carbon atoms that are densely packed in a honeycomb crystal lattice. Its unique electrical and optical properties raised worldwide interest towards the design and fabrication of future electronic and optical devices with unmatched performance. At ...
Oellerich Mark F - - 2012
Blood vessels form the first organ in the developing embryo and build extensive networks that supply all cells with nutrients and oxygen throughout life. As blood vessels get older, they often become abnormal in structure and function, thereby contributing to numerous age-associated diseases including ischemic heart and brain disease, neurodegeneration, ...
Predehl K - - 2012
Optical clocks show unprecedented accuracy, surpassing that of previously available clock systems by more than one order of magnitude. Precise intercomparisons will enable a variety of experiments, including tests of fundamental quantum physics and cosmology and applications in geodesy and navigation. Well-established, satellite-based techniques for microwave dissemination are not adequate ...
Bitzan Martin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In the absence of mutant genes encoding components of the podocyte slit diaphragm, about 30-50 % of children with primary glucocorticoid-resistant focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) develop recurrent proteinuria and slowly progressive FSGS lesions following renal transplantation. Recurrence of FSGS in the allograft strongly suggests a circulating factor that disturbs ...
Azimi Parisa - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc hernia (LDH) is a common cause of low back pain and radicular leg pain. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score is a very short instrument for measuring functionality and pain in these patients. This study aimed to translate and validate the JOA score for use in Iran. ...
Liu Pan - - 2012
To establish a valid database of vocal emotional stimuli in Mandarin Chinese, a set of Chinese pseudosentences (i.e., semantically meaningless sentences that resembled real Chinese) were produced by four native Mandarin speakers to express seven emotional meanings: anger, disgust, fear, sadness, happiness, pleasant surprise, and neutrality. These expressions were identified ...
Lapidoth Moshe - - 2012
The main use of non-ablative fractional photothermolysis today is for the improvement of wrinkles and scars. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the effect of a "classic" non-ablative fractional 1540nm on facial photodamaged skin and actinic keratoses. Seventeen patients with facial actinic keratoses (AKs) and photodamage underwent two ...
Glynne-Jones R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Some 10-20 per cent of patients with locally advanced rectal cancer achieve a pathological complete response (pCR) at surgery following preoperative chemoradiation (CRT). Some demonstrate a sustained clinical complete response (cCR), defined as absence of clinically detectable residual tumour after CRT, and do not undergo resection. The aim of ...
Lee Mikyung - - 2012
Here, a facile approach for the fabrication of CuS nanoparticle (NP)/ZnO nanowire (NW) heterostructures on a mesh substrate through a simple two-step solution method is demonstrated. Successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) was employed to uniformly deposit CuS NPs on the hydrothermally grown ZnO NW array. The synthesized CuS/ZnO ...
Meng Yicong - - 2012
Kaschube et al. (Reports, 19 November 2010, p. 1113) argue that pinwheel density in three mammalian species follows a universal constant of π as predicted by their orientation-selective suppressive long-range connectivity model. We dispute their conclusions and suggest that a simple brain size-pinwheel density scaling law suffices in predicting the ...
Hijová Emília - - 2012
Prebiotics are defined as selectively fermented food ingredients that induce specific changes in the composition and/or activity in the gastrointestinal microbiota beneficial to the host well-being and health. The aim of the presented experiment was to investigate the effect of a prebiotic applied alone or in combination with Hyppocastani extractum ...
Fenwick Eva K - - 2012
Background:  Use of generic multi-attribute utility instruments (MAUI) to assess the impact of diabetic retinopathy (DR) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has produced inconsistent findings. Therefore, we assessed the impact of DR, diabetic macular oedema (DME) and associated visual impairment on vision-related QoL (VRQoL) using a vision-specific MAUI. Methods:  ...
Eder Anne F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adverse reactions after whole blood donation reduce the likelihood of a subsequent donation. Still, many donors return to give blood even after experiencing a reaction. Consequently, we evaluated the risk of recurrent syncope among returning donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Allogeneic whole blood donors in 2009 who had vasovagal-type ...
Panchal Sunil K - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fruits and nuts may prevent or reverse common human health conditions such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension; together, these conditions are referred to as metabolic syndrome, an increasing problem. This study has investigated the responses to ellagic acid, present in many fruits and nuts, in a diet-induced rat model ...
Yoon Yoo-Seok - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate clinical and oncologic outcomes after laparoscopic surgery for patients with multiple hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Among the 260 patients who underwent laparoscopic procedures, including laparoscopic liver resection and laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation (LRFA), between September 2003 and December 2009, 107 patients with ...
Li Xin - - 2012
An extracellular cellulase from Thalassobacillus sp. LY18 was purified 4.5-fold with a recovery of 21 % and a specific activity of 52.4 U mg(-1) protein. Its molecular mass was 61 kDa estimated by SDS-PAGE. It was an endoglucanase for soluble cellulose with optimal activity was at 60 °C and pH 8 with 10 % (w/v) NaCl. ...
Treasure Janet - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Problems with social emotional functioning are an important part of eating disorder psychopathology. AIM: This study aimed to propose a model of social emotional functioning before and during the illness and to explain the consequences for those involved. METHOD: We propose a three-phase model of social and emotional processes ...
Kelstrup Christian D - - 2012
Advances in proteomics are continually driven by introduction of new mass spectrometric instrumentation with improved performances. The recently introduced quadrupole Orbitrap (Q Exactive) tandem mass spectrometer allows fast acquisition of high-resolution higher-energy collisional dissociation (HCD) tandem mass spectra due to the parallel mode of operation, where the generation, filling and ...
O Hartaigh Bríain - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between seated resting heart rate and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among older residents of Guangzhou, South China. A total of 30,519 older participants (≥50 years) from the Guangzhou Biobank Cohort Study were stratified into quartiles based on seated resting heart rate. ...
Kuijer P Paul Fm - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate whether performance-based tests have additional prognostic value over self-reported work ability for sustainable return to work (RTW) in physically demanding work. METHODS: A one-year prospective cohort study was performed among 72 construction workers on sick leave for six weeks due to musculoskeletal disorders. The ...
Muusse Martine - - 2012
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonistic contaminants were identified in roadside snow samples. Snow was collected in Oslo, Norway, and compared to a background sample collected from a mountain area. The water and particulate fractions were analysed for AhR agonists using a dioxin-responsive, chemically activated luciferase expression (CALUX) cell assay and ...
Katsura Masaki - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To prospectively evaluate dose reduction and image quality characteristics of chest CT reconstructed with model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) compared with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR). METHODS: One hundred patients underwent reference-dose and low-dose unenhanced chest CT with 64-row multidetector CT. Images were reconstructed with 50 % ASIR-filtered back projection blending ...
Kefalidis Christos E - - 2012
A detailed analysis of the reaction profiles of the hydroamination reaction between ethylene and ammonia catalyzed by the diplatinum(II) [{Pt(NH(2) )(μ-H)(PPh(3) )}(2) ] complex is presented herein using density functional theory computational techniques. The coordinatively unsaturated 14e T-shaped [Pt(NH(2) )(PPh(3) )H] species resulted from the dissociation of the diplatinum [{Pt(NH(2) ...
Lowry Adam W - - 2012
Pediatric mechanical circulatory support has evolved considerably in the past decade. Improvements in device design and availability have led to increased short-, medium-, and long-term support options for pediatric patients with heart failure. Most pediatric mechanical circulatory support is utilized as a bridge to transplant and as a bridge to ...
Corrigan A - - 2012
The identification of specific bacterial species influenced by mannan oligosaccharide (MOS) supplementation may assist in the formulation of new and improved diets that promote intestinal health and improve bird performance, offering suitable alternatives to antimicrobials in feed for sustainable poultry production. This study has been conducted to evaluate the use ...
Csanaky Katalin - - 2012
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a neuropeptide with widespread occurrence in the nervous system and peripheral organs, including the mammary gland. Previously, we have shown that PACAP38 is present in the human milk at higher levels than in respective blood samples. However, it is not known how PACAP levels ...
Yu Linwei - - 2012
Constructing radial junction hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) solar cells on top of silicon nanowires (SiNWs) represents a promising approach towards high performance and cost-effective thin film photovoltaics. We here develop an all-in situ strategy to grow SiNWs, via a vapour-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism on top of ZnO-coated glass substrate, in a plasma-enhanced ...
Morrison James D - - 2012
There have been numerous reports that infusion of either natural bile or bile salts into the duodenum evokes a rapid increase in pancreatic secretion through the release of the hormone secretin from the duodenal mucosa. We have extended this observation by the demonstration of an additional late increase in secretion ...
Rutten Lex - - 2012
Homeopathy is controversial and hotly debated. The conclusions of systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials of homeopathy vary from 'comparable to conventional medicine' to 'no evidence of effects beyond placebo'. It is claimed that homeopathy conflicts with scientific laws and that homoeopaths reject the naturalistic outlook, but no evidence has ...
Zöller Bengt - - 2012
Arterial cardiovascular disease and neighborhood deprivation are associated. However, no study has determined whether neighborhood deprivation is associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). We aimed to determine whether there is an association between neighborhood deprivation and hospitalization for VTE, and whether effects vary across sociodemographic groups. The entire Swedish population aged ...
Roca-Rodríguez M Mar - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been recognized as a significant risk factor for metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). The aim of the study was to evaluate the relationships between levels of cytokines, components of MetS and cardiovascular risk markers in women with previous GDM. METHODS: Women (n = 41) ...
Pedro Sara Gómez-de - - 2012
The recent needs in the nanosciences field have promoted the interest towards the development of miniaturized and highly integrated devices able to improve and automate the current processes associated with efficient nanomaterials production. Herein, a green tape based microfluidic system to perform high temperature controlled synthetic reactions of nanocrystals is ...
Ko Sang-Bae - - 2012
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating disease with high morbidity and mortality. Acutely, ICH is associated with a sudden surge in intracranial pressure (ICP), as the volume of hematoma increases the pressure in the closed head, leading to non-specific symptoms of ICP: headache, nausea, vomiting, and alterations in consciousness. ...
Cameli Matteo - - 2012
Left ventricular (LV) torsion is a fundamental component of wall motion and plays an important role to optimize ventricular ejection fraction. The aim of our study was to calculate by speckle tracking echocardiography LV twist angle in patients with hypertension and LV remodeling, analyzing torsional indices in all patterns of ...
Skoglund Pontus - - 2012
The farming way of life originated in the Near East some 11,000 years ago and had reached most of the European continent 5000 years later. However, the impact of the agricultural revolution on demography and patterns of genomic variation in Europe remains unknown. We obtained 249 million base pairs of ...
Khashab Mouen A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The EUS 2008 working group considered the development of equipment and methods to minimize the need for exchanging accessories and to facilitate insertion of multiple transmural stents during endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided pseudocyst drainage as an important advance for therapeutic EUS. The authors aimed to describe their experience with EUS-guided ...
Liu Shu-Juan - - 2012
A ternary polymer memory device based on a single polymer with on-chain Ir(III) complexes is fabricated by combining multiple memory mechanisms into one system. Excellent ternary memory performances-low reading, writing, and erasing voltages and good stability for all three states-are achieved.
Heard-Booth Amber N - - 2012
Vertebrate eye size is influenced by many factors, including body or head size, diet, and activity pattern. Locomotor speed has also been suggested to influence eye size in a relationship known as Leuckart's Law. Leuckart's Law proposes that animals capable of achieving fast locomotor speeds require large eyes to enhance ...
Nilsson Jan-Erik - - 2012
According to cognitive models, negative post-event processing rumination is a key maintaining factor in social anxiety disorder (SAD). Analogue research has supported the differentiation of self-focus into different modes of self-focused attention with distinct effects on rumination in depression and social anxiety. The purpose of this study was to replicate ...
Saito Masaki - - 2012
Crystal structures of two Sr(2+) salts of the Keplerate-type polyoxometalate, [Mo(VI)(72)Mo(V)(60)O(372)(CH(3)COO)(30)(H(2)O)(72)](42-), have been determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. One compound exhibits a superposed kagome-lattice with huge channels whose diameters measure approximately 3.0 nm, while the arrangement of the Keplerate anions in the other compound approximates to a distorted cubic ...
Shibano Satoko - - 2012
The degree of polymerization of PrP has a close relationship with the pathological mechanisms of prion diseases. We examined, at the molecular level, the polymerization state of PrP in lysates of prion-infected cells using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM). The crude lysates were fractionated by gel-filtration spin columns according ...
Bakker Sjoerd F - - 2012
The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is 4.5 %. Objective of the study is to investigate (1) the course of glycemic control at CD diagnosis and after the initiation of a gluten-free diet (GFD) in T1DM patients; (2) the prevalence of diabetic complications ...
Sacchetti Lucia - - 2012
Adipose tissues show selective gene expression patterns, to whom microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute. We evaluated in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) from obese and non-obese females, both miRNA and protein expression profiles, to identify miRNA/protein target pairs associated with obesity (metabolic pathways miRNA-deregulated during obesity). Obese and non-obese females [BMI 42.2±1.6 ...
Raiford Douglas W - - 2012
Metabolic efficiency, as a selective force shaping proteomes, has been shown to exist in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis and in a small number of organisms with photoautotrophic and thermophilic lifestyles. Earlier attempts at larger-scale analyses have utilized proxies (such as molecular weight) for biosynthetic cost, and did not consider ...
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