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Hinrichs T - - 2012
Programmes containing health-enhancing physical exercise should be evaluated using standards that are just as rigorous as those required for drug development. In contrast to new medicines, exercise programmes are highly complex. This has to be taken into account when designing the research plan. In order to illustrate the development process ...
Plicht B - - 2012
As a potential alternative to long-term oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists in patients with atrial fibrillation, the interventional left atrial appendage occlusion has shown to be non-inferior regarding neurological events. With the new oral direct factor II and factor Xa inhibitors playing an emerging role in stroke prophylaxis, an ...
Dumic Miroslav M Division of Endocrinology, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Kišpatićeva 12, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. - - 2012
The triple A syndrome (Allgrove syndrome, OMIM #231550) is caused by autosomal recessively inherited mutations in the AAAS gene on chromosome 12q13 encoding the nuclear pore protein ALADIN. This multisystemic disease is characterised by achalasia, alacrima, adrenal insufficiency and neurological impairment. We analyse long-term clinical follow-up and results of sequencing ...
Mayers Raymond Sanchez - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that tobacco outlets seem to be clustered in low-income minority neighborhoods. This study utilized a cross-sectional design to examine the relationships among minority status, median household income, population density, commercial land use, and location of tobacco outlets at the census tract level in Polk County, Iowa. ...
Khan Muhammad Ramzan - - 2012
A complex and intricate network of genes responding to various developmental and environmental signals control floral transition in plants. MADS-box genes are the key regulators and major contributors with regard to flowering time determination. Previously, MPF2-like genes belonging to the STMADS11 superclade were duplicated into MPF2-like-A and MPF2-like-B in Withania ...
Hartholt K A - - 2012
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a severe long-term complication after surgical procedures. POCD is mainly seen among geriatric patients. Hospitalization, extent of surgery, and systemic inflammatory response might contribute to POCD. The possible influence of the type of anesthesia is discussed. POCD is often not recognized; thus, incidence rates are ...
Madlener K - - 2012
Two novel oral anticoagulants, namely the direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran and the direct factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban, have recently been approved for treatment of atrial fibrillation. They differ in many ways from vitamin K antagonists, including rapid onset of action, shorter half-life, fewer drug-drug interactions, lack of a need for ...
Gacouin A - - 2012
The spectrum of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) due to Chlamydophila psittaci ranges from mild, self-limited CAP, to acute respiratory failure. We performed a retrospective study of 13 consecutive patients with CAP due to C. psittaci and 51 patients with legionellosis admitted in one intensive care unit (ICU) (1993-2011). As compared to ...
Hu Caihong - - 2012
One hundred-eighty piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire), with an average initial weight of 7.4 kg weaned at 27 ± 1 days of age, were used to evaluate the effects of dietary zinc oxide-montmorillonite hybrid (ZnO-MMT) on growth performance, diarrhea, intestinal mucosal integrity, and digestive enzyme activity. All pigs were allotted to five treatments ...
Prokop A - - 2012
For over 10 years, kyphoplasty has been established for the treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Its effectiveness has been substantiated in multiple clinical studies. Not only is prompt pain reduction achieved, but according to a new, large, long-term study, long-term survival is also increased. Balloon kyphoplasty was performed for ...
Atchison Douglas K DK Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Department Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, 7121 E&R Bldg., 2799 W. Grand Blvd., Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2013
Changes in plasma, extracellular, and intracellular calcium can affect renin secretion from the renal juxtaglomerular (JG) cells. Elevated intracellular calcium directly inhibits renin release from JG cells by decreasing the dominant second messenger intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) via actions on calcium-inhibitable adenylyl cyclases and calcium-activated phosphodiesterases. Increased extracellular calcium ...
Furness John B - - 2012
Functional studies have shown that subsets of autonomic preganglionic neurons respond to ghrelin and ghrelin mimetics and in situ hybridisation has revealed receptor gene expression in the cell bodies of some preganglionic neurons. Our present goal has been to determine which preganglionic neurons express ghrelin receptors by using mice expressing ...
Becker M O - - 2012
Vascular complications are common in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Critical limb ischemia leading to gangrene or amputation occurs in more than 10% of these patients and hence is a common emergency. This report highlights the different pathogenetic mechanisms leading to critical ischemic events and provides guidance for the diagnosis and therapy. ...
Neubauer T - - 2012
Fractures of the distal femur still represent injuries that are difficult to treat as they either affect younger patients after a high-energy trauma with soft tissue damage and osseous comminution or elderly people with impaired local vascularity and a poor bone stock. However, exactly these fractures profit from new, biological ...
Diener H C - - 2012
Oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (warfarin, phenprocoumon) is successful in both primary and secondary stroke prevention for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), yielding a 60-70% relative reduction in stroke risk compared with placebo and a mortality reduction of 26%. However, these agents have a number of well documented shortcomings. ...
Meinck M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Due to demographics, characteristic multimorbidity in geriatric patients is resulting in increased social, medical, and healthcare challenges. Geriatric multimorbidity (GM) can be defined as the simultaneous occurrence of at least two diseases that require medical care with an interdisciplinary focus on independence in activities of daily living. Typical conditions ...
Kongyai Natedao - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the infectious causes of posterior uveitis (PU) and panuveitis (panU) in Thailand. METHODS: We investigated the infectious causes of uveitis involving the posterior segment of the eye by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV-1, HSV-2), varicella zoster virus and Toxoplasma ...
Raine Joseph J Whittington Hospital, Magdala Avenue, London, N19 5NF, UK. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine which clinical errors lead to the referral of UK paediatricians to the National Clinical Assessment Service (NCAS). Data for the 10-year period from 1 April 2001 to 31 March 2011 were analysed. Referrals are classified into clinical, behavioural and health related. Clinical ...
Otto Christina - - 2012
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica secretes high amounts of various organic acids, like citric, isocitric, pyruvic (PA), and α-ketoglutaric (KGA) acids, triggered by growth limitation and excess of carbon source. This is leading to an increased interest in this non-conventional yeast for biotechnological applications. To improve the KGA production by Y. ...
Islam M M Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi, 74800, - - 2012
Multiple genetic variants are associated with type 2 diabetes-related traits in Europeans, but their role in South Asian populations needs further study. We hypothesised that genetic variants associated with diabetes-related traits in Europeans would explain a similar proportion of phenotypic variance in a Pakistani population and could be used in ...
Goldfeder Mor - - 2012
Tyrosinase is a member of the type 3 copper enzyme family involved in the production of melanin in a wide range of organisms. The ability of tyrosinases to convert monophenols into diphenols has stimulated studies regarding the production of substituted catechols, important intermediates for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, polymerization ...
Schröder J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate factors influencing mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients aged ≥ 75 years compared to younger patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1,809 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients after PCI with stent implantation in our hospital were assessed. Kaplan-Meier analyses with ...
Khori Vahid - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to determine (1) whether simvastatin (SV) modifies the rate-dependent conduction time and refractoriness of the atrioventricular (AV) node and (2) how it can change the protective mechanism of the AV node during atrial fibrillation (AF). Predefined stimulation protocols were applied to detect the ...
Pinkert C - - 2012
People with dementia who are hospitalized depend on hospital care that is tailored to their particular needs. However, the current structural conditions and standardized care plans are often opposed to the needs for familiarity and orientation that people with dementia have. For the development of dementia-specific care concepts, it is ...
Meng Han - - 2012
Bacteria and fungi are ecologically important contributors to various functioning of forest ecosystems. In this study, we examined simultaneously the bacterial and fungal distributions in response to elevation changes of a forest. By using clone library analysis from genomic DNA extracted from forest humic clay soils, the composition and diversity ...
Bott Michael - - 2012
In bacteria, adaptation to changing environmental conditions is often mediated by two-component signal transduction systems. In the prototypical case, a specific stimulus is sensed by a membrane-bound histidine kinase and triggers autophosphorylation of a histidine residue. Subsequently, the phosphoryl group is transferred to an aspartate residue of the cognate response ...
Kneiseler G - - 2012
Vitamin K antagonists are often used as oral anticoagulants for primary and secondary prevention of thromboembolic events. Vitamin K antagonists induce an anticoagulant effect by interfering with the vitamin K metabolism in the liver. Well-known complications are bleeding events and skin necrosis. Recent data indicate increasing numbers of cases with ...
Shankar D Prabhu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular fractures are one of the most commonly encountered injuries in trauma clinics. Although several widely accepted classification systems exist, these are mostly region specific, differ in the classification criteria used, and are sometimes only correlated with specific treatment modalities, thereby making it impossible to uniformly and comprehensively document ...
Lucke C - - 2012
What was the impression on death and dying from people living in the 15th century? To answer this question written information is rare on this topic, as few people were able to read at that time, but paintings and early woodcuts may be helpful. Danses macabres (Totentänze) could be seen ...
Rager B - - 2012
There is some research on personal reasons for saving money in the economic sciences. However, not much is known about the age differences of saving motives. In this vein, the future time perspective (FTP) is known to play a critical role for motivation across the life span. In this study, ...
Yi Cong - - 2012
Protein acetylation emerged as a key regulatory mechanism for many cellular processes. We used genetic analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae to identify Esa1 as a histone acetyltransferase required for autophagy. We further identified the autophagy signaling component Atg3 as a substrate for Esa1. Specifically, acetylation of K19 and K48 of Atg3 ...
Sérandour Anne-Laure - - 2012
Human poisoning due to consumption of seafood contaminated with phycotoxins is a worldwide problem, and routine monitoring programs have been implemented in various countries to protect human consumers. Following successive episodes of unexplained shellfish toxicity since 2005 in the Arcachon Bay on the French Atlantic coast, a national research program ...
Akamatsu Yasushi - - 2012
The primary event preceding the onset of symptoms in spontaneous osteonecrosis in the medial femoral condyle (SONK) may be a subchondral insufficiency fracture, which may be associated with underlying low bone mineral density (BMD). However, the pathogenesis of SONK is considered to be multifactorial. Women over 60 years of age ...
Harhaji-Trajkovic Ljubica - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of chloroquine, a lysosomotropic autophagy inhibitor, to enhance the anticancer effect of nutrient deprivation. METHODS: Serum-deprived U251 glioma, B16 melanoma and L929 fibrosarcoma cells were treated with chloroquine in vitro. Cell viability was measured by crystal violet and MTT assay. Oxidative stress, apoptosis/necrosis and intracellular ...
Herman Indria - - 2012
In this paper we have demonstrated the simple, low cost, low temperature, hydrothermal growth of weeping willow ZnO nano-trees with very long branches to realize high efficiency dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). We also discuss the effects of branching on solar cell efficiency. By introducing branched growth on the backbone ZnO ...
Quaia Emilio - - 2012
To assess the impact of digital tomosynthesis (DTS) on the radiological investigation of patients with suspected pulmonary lesions on chest radiography (CXR). Three hundred thirty-nine patients (200 male; age, 71.19 ± 11.9 years) with suspected pulmonary lesion(s) on CXR underwent DTS. Two readers prospectively analysed CXR and DTS images, and recorded their ...
Shao Chunhong - - 2012
When stressed, bacteria can enter various nondividing states. In the present study, nondividing filamentous form in Helicobacter pylori was induced by a β-lactam antibiotic, aztreonam. In order to find possible cell division checkpoints in H. pylori, 2-DE was used to compare the proteomic profile of nondividing filamentous H. pylori with ...
Tang Ming-Rui - - 2012
In this work, we studied the effects of CUB and Sushi multiple domains 1 gene (CSMD1) expression in A375 melanoma cells in vivo and in vitro. CSDM1 expression decreased proliferation and migration, and increased apoptosis and G(1) arrest in A375 cells in vitro. Expression of CSDM1 in established xenografted tumors ...
Leferink Nicole G H - - 2012
Enzyme catalysed electron transfer reactions are often controlled by protein motions and coupled to chemical change such as proton transfer. We have investigated the nature of this control in the blue copper-dependent nitrite reductase from Alcaligenes xylosoxidans (AxNiR). Inter-Cu electron transfer from the T1Cu centre to the T2Cu catalytic centre ...
Hawton Keith - - 2012
Background:  Self-harm (intentional self-poisoning and self-injury) in children and adolescents is often repeated and is associated with increased risk of future suicide. We have investigated factors associated with these outcomes. Method:  We used data collected in the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England on all self-harm hospital presentations by individuals ...
Nolte Kay W - - 2012
Mutations affecting the mitochondrial DNA-polymerase gamma 1 (POLG1) gene have been shown to cause Alpers-Huttenlocher disease. Ultrastructural data on brain and muscle tissue are rare. We report on ultrastructural changes in brain and muscle tissue of two sisters who were compound heterozygous for the c.2243G>C and c.1879C>T POLG1 mutations. Patient ...
Dranitsaris George - - 2012
Critically reviewing the design, endpoints, and results of clinical trials can be challenging to health care professionals. This paper will review the basic methods of presenting clinical outcomes in randomized trials and will focus on the number needed to treat (NNT) concept. NNT will then be applied to the case ...
Seshadri S - - 2012
Controversy exists on the role of leucocytospermia on fertilisation rates and IVF outcomes. The aim of our study was to identify the effect of leucocytes and leucocyte subpopulations on fertilisation rates in an IVF cycle. A prospective comparative study of the leucocyte subpopulations of seminal fluid of partners of women ...
Glover Dorie A DA Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California-Los Angeles, 760 Westwood Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90024-1759, USA. - - 2013
Biomarker composites (BCs) that objectively quantify psychosocial stress independent of self report could help to identify those at greatest risk for negative health outcomes and elucidate mechanisms of stress-related processes. Here, BCs are examined in the context of existing disease progression among HIV-positive African American men who have sex with ...
Sund-Levander Märtha M Research and Development Unit, Hoegland Hospital Eksjö, Eksjö, Sweden. - - 2013
To illuminate nursing assistant's experiences of the clinical decision-making process when they suspect that a resident has an infection and how their process relates to other professions. The assessment of possible infection in elderly individuals is difficult and contributes to a delayed diagnosis and treatment, worsening the goal of good ...
Li Le - - 2012
Despite hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and nitric oxide (NO) are important endogenous signals or bioregulators involved in many vital aspects of plant growth and responses against abiotic stresses, little information was known about their interaction. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of H(2)S and NO on alfalfa (Medicago sativa ...
Slattery Michael M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term stability of small (<10 mm) non-calcified pulmonary nodules (NCNs) in high-risk subjects initially screened for lung cancer using low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCCT). METHODS: A total of 449 subjects initially underwent screening with serial LDCCT over a 2-year period. Participants identified as having NCNs ≥10 mm were ...
Wennekamp Sebastian - - 2012
The divergence of the pluripotent inner cell mass and extraembryonic trophectoderm from an apparently homogenous population of cells is a decisive event in mammalian preimplantation development. While three models have been proposed to explain early cellular differentiation in the mouse embryo, the initial cue generating asymmetry within the embryo remains ...
O'Donnell Clare - - 2012
The literature suggests that diabetic patients may have altered tear chemistry and tear secretion as well as structural and functional changes to the corneal epithelium, endothelium and nerves. These factors, together with a reported increased incidence of corneal infection, suggest that diabetic patients may be particularly susceptible to developing ocular ...
Goracci Cecilia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the shear bond strength (SBS) to enamel and the distribution of failure modes of brackets bonded using a new self-adhering flowable resin composite (Vertise Flow, VF), with or without preliminary phosphoric acid etching (PAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty extracted premolars were randomly divided into ...
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