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Results 251 - 300 of 2827
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Schröder J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate factors influencing mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients aged ≥ 75 years compared to younger patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1,809 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients after PCI with stent implantation in our hospital were assessed. Kaplan-Meier analyses with ...
Neubauer T - - 2012
Fractures of the distal femur still represent injuries that are difficult to treat as they either affect younger patients after a high-energy trauma with soft tissue damage and osseous comminution or elderly people with impaired local vascularity and a poor bone stock. However, exactly these fractures profit from new, biological ...
Pinkert C - - 2012
People with dementia who are hospitalized depend on hospital care that is tailored to their particular needs. However, the current structural conditions and standardized care plans are often opposed to the needs for familiarity and orientation that people with dementia have. For the development of dementia-specific care concepts, it is ...
Meinck M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Due to demographics, characteristic multimorbidity in geriatric patients is resulting in increased social, medical, and healthcare challenges. Geriatric multimorbidity (GM) can be defined as the simultaneous occurrence of at least two diseases that require medical care with an interdisciplinary focus on independence in activities of daily living. Typical conditions ...
Rager B - - 2012
There is some research on personal reasons for saving money in the economic sciences. However, not much is known about the age differences of saving motives. In this vein, the future time perspective (FTP) is known to play a critical role for motivation across the life span. In this study, ...
Khori Vahid - - 2012
The purpose of the present study was to determine (1) whether simvastatin (SV) modifies the rate-dependent conduction time and refractoriness of the atrioventricular (AV) node and (2) how it can change the protective mechanism of the AV node during atrial fibrillation (AF). Predefined stimulation protocols were applied to detect the ...
Madlener K - - 2012
Two novel oral anticoagulants, namely the direct thrombin inhibitor dabigatran and the direct factor Xa inhibitor rivaroxaban, have recently been approved for treatment of atrial fibrillation. They differ in many ways from vitamin K antagonists, including rapid onset of action, shorter half-life, fewer drug-drug interactions, lack of a need for ...
Kneiseler G - - 2012
Vitamin K antagonists are often used as oral anticoagulants for primary and secondary prevention of thromboembolic events. Vitamin K antagonists induce an anticoagulant effect by interfering with the vitamin K metabolism in the liver. Well-known complications are bleeding events and skin necrosis. Recent data indicate increasing numbers of cases with ...
Raine Joseph - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine which clinical errors lead to the referral of UK paediatricians to the National Clinical Assessment Service (NCAS). Data for the 10-year period from 1 April 2001 to 31 March 2011 were analysed. Referrals are classified into clinical, behavioural and health related. Clinical ...
Goldfeder Mor - - 2012
Tyrosinase is a member of the type 3 copper enzyme family involved in the production of melanin in a wide range of organisms. The ability of tyrosinases to convert monophenols into diphenols has stimulated studies regarding the production of substituted catechols, important intermediates for the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, polymerization ...
Prokop A - - 2012
For over 10 years, kyphoplasty has been established for the treatment of painful osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Its effectiveness has been substantiated in multiple clinical studies. Not only is prompt pain reduction achieved, but according to a new, large, long-term study, long-term survival is also increased. Balloon kyphoplasty was performed for ...
Meng Han - - 2012
Bacteria and fungi are ecologically important contributors to various functioning of forest ecosystems. In this study, we examined simultaneously the bacterial and fungal distributions in response to elevation changes of a forest. By using clone library analysis from genomic DNA extracted from forest humic clay soils, the composition and diversity ...
Mayers Raymond Sanchez - - 2012
Previous studies have indicated that tobacco outlets seem to be clustered in low-income minority neighborhoods. This study utilized a cross-sectional design to examine the relationships among minority status, median household income, population density, commercial land use, and location of tobacco outlets at the census tract level in Polk County, Iowa. ...
Lang G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Quality of life is largely determined by changing biographical contexts of a person's behavioural action. In later age, health and social relationships are major determinants for a "good life". A decline in health status may lead to the need for support which may result in further dependency; thus, social ...
Lukas A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: When facing the well-known demographic development with an increasing number of people suffering from dementia, there is a need of programmes to support nursing relatives and care at home. Many support services have been established in the past few years but they are rarely used by the relatives and ...
Gacouin A - - 2012
The spectrum of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) due to Chlamydophila psittaci ranges from mild, self-limited CAP, to acute respiratory failure. We performed a retrospective study of 13 consecutive patients with CAP due to C. psittaci and 51 patients with legionellosis admitted in one intensive care unit (ICU) (1993-2011). As compared to ...
Kongyai Natedao - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the infectious causes of posterior uveitis (PU) and panuveitis (panU) in Thailand. METHODS: We investigated the infectious causes of uveitis involving the posterior segment of the eye by using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus (HSV-1, HSV-2), varicella zoster virus and Toxoplasma ...
Hu Caihong - - 2012
One hundred-eighty piglets (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire), with an average initial weight of 7.4 kg weaned at 27 ± 1 days of age, were used to evaluate the effects of dietary zinc oxide-montmorillonite hybrid (ZnO-MMT) on growth performance, diarrhea, intestinal mucosal integrity, and digestive enzyme activity. All pigs were allotted to five treatments ...
Lübke N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In Germany, typical geriatric multimorbidity is-next to age itself-of special significance for the identification of target groups for specific geriatric care offers. The present article primarily focuses on typical geriatric multimorbidity in the claims data of statutory health insurance and long-term care insurance in Germany. Using the definition of ...
Hinrichs T - - 2012
Programmes containing health-enhancing physical exercise should be evaluated using standards that are just as rigorous as those required for drug development. In contrast to new medicines, exercise programmes are highly complex. This has to be taken into account when designing the research plan. In order to illustrate the development process ...
Shankar D Prabhu - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Mandibular fractures are one of the most commonly encountered injuries in trauma clinics. Although several widely accepted classification systems exist, these are mostly region specific, differ in the classification criteria used, and are sometimes only correlated with specific treatment modalities, thereby making it impossible to uniformly and comprehensively document ...
Diener H C - - 2012
Oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists (warfarin, phenprocoumon) is successful in both primary and secondary stroke prevention for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF), yielding a 60-70% relative reduction in stroke risk compared with placebo and a mortality reduction of 26%. However, these agents have a number of well documented shortcomings. ...
Khan Muhammad Ramzan - - 2012
A complex and intricate network of genes responding to various developmental and environmental signals control floral transition in plants. MADS-box genes are the key regulators and major contributors with regard to flowering time determination. Previously, MPF2-like genes belonging to the STMADS11 superclade were duplicated into MPF2-like-A and MPF2-like-B in Withania ...
Hartholt K A - - 2012
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a severe long-term complication after surgical procedures. POCD is mainly seen among geriatric patients. Hospitalization, extent of surgery, and systemic inflammatory response might contribute to POCD. The possible influence of the type of anesthesia is discussed. POCD is often not recognized; thus, incidence rates are ...
Bott Michael - - 2012
In bacteria, adaptation to changing environmental conditions is often mediated by two-component signal transduction systems. In the prototypical case, a specific stimulus is sensed by a membrane-bound histidine kinase and triggers autophosphorylation of a histidine residue. Subsequently, the phosphoryl group is transferred to an aspartate residue of the cognate response ...
Atchison Douglas K DK Hypertension and Vascular Research Division, Department Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, 7121 E&R Bldg., 2799 W. Grand Blvd., Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2013
Changes in plasma, extracellular, and intracellular calcium can affect renin secretion from the renal juxtaglomerular (JG) cells. Elevated intracellular calcium directly inhibits renin release from JG cells by decreasing the dominant second messenger intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) via actions on calcium-inhibitable adenylyl cyclases and calcium-activated phosphodiesterases. Increased extracellular calcium ...
Islam M M Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Stadium Road, PO Box 3500, Karachi, 74800, - - 2012
Multiple genetic variants are associated with type 2 diabetes-related traits in Europeans, but their role in South Asian populations needs further study. We hypothesised that genetic variants associated with diabetes-related traits in Europeans would explain a similar proportion of phenotypic variance in a Pakistani population and could be used in ...
Burghaus Lothar - - 2012
Space-occupying brain edema may lead to a malignant course in patients with large middle cerebral artery infarction. Decompressive hemicraniectomy has to be initiated early to prevent further tissue damage. In this retrospective study, we analyzed electroencephalography (EEG) and evoked potentials (EPs), obtained within 24 h after onset of stroke, in 22 ...
Robling Alexander G - - 2012
Mechanotransduction in bone is fundamental to proper skeletal development. Deficiencies in signaling mechanisms that transduce physical forces to effector cells can have severe consequences for skeletal integrity. Therefore, a solid understanding of the cellular and molecular components of mechanotransduction is crucial for correcting skeletal modeling and remodeling errors and designing ...
Ruedy Katrina J - - 2012
Despite improvements for management of type 1 diabetes (T1D), patients have difficulty achieving glycated hemoglobin (A1c) levels recommended by the Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT). Two multicenter randomized trials were conducted to evaluate benefit of using a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) with standard glucose monitoring for T1D management. The ...
Feng Zehua - - 2012
An agar-degrading bacterium, Rhodococcus sp. Q5, was isolated from printing and dyeing wastewater using a mineral salts agar plate containing agar as the sole carbon source. The bacterium grew from pH 4.0 to 9.0, from 15 to 35°C, and in NaCl concentrations of 0-5 %; optimal values were pH 6.0, 30°C, and 1 % ...
Bobinski Lukas - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The present study evaluates the types and dynamics of intracranial pathological changes in patients with severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) who participated in a prospective, randomized, double-blinded study of add-on treatment with prostacyclin. Further, the changes of brain CT scan and their correlation to Glasgow Coma Scale score (GCS), ...
Yang Dongmei - - 2012
In this paper, we demonstrate a simple, template-free, reproducible and one-step synthesis of hydrophilic KGdF(4): Ln(3+) (Ln = Ce, Eu, Tb and Dy) nanoparticles (NPs) via a solution-based route at room temperature. X-Ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), photoluminescence (PL) ...
Kaminski Artur - - 2012
The secondary sterilisation by irradiation reduces the risk of infectious disease transmission with tissue allografts. Achieving sterility of bone tissue grafts compromises its biomechanical properties. There are several factors, including dose and temperature of irradiation, as well as processing conditions, that may influence mechanical properties of a bone graft. The ...
Larssen Lene - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Advanced pancreatic cancer and other malignancies located proximal to the small bowel might cause gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) resulting in nausea, vomiting, dehydration, and malnutrition. Self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) to a large extent have replaced surgical treatment, with gastro-entero-anastomosis as palliative treatment for GOO. The aim of the present ...
Abbas Ashraf E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic hernia repair accounts for 10% of all hernia surgery. Potential benefits include reduction in postoperative pain, rapid recovery, lower recurrence rate, and fewer complications. The outcomes of health-related quality of life and patient perspective after hernia repair are our aim. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated for unilateral uncomplicated groin ...
Su Feng - - 2012
Meigs' syndrome represents a triad of pleural effusion, ascites, and an ovarian tumor, usually benign, occurring together. We describe here a case of Meigs' syndrome in a patient with systemic sclerosis, the first such report to our knowledge, in systemic sclerosis. A 53-year-old woman with systemic sclerosis presented with recurrent ...
Alards-Tomalin Doug - - 2012
The auditory kappa effect is a tendency to base the perceived duration of an inter-onset interval (IOI) separating two sequentially presented sounds on the degree of relative pitch distance separating them. Previous research has found that the degree of frequency discrepancy between tones extends the subjective duration of the IOI. ...
Olivares-Reyes Alexander - - 2012
The quadricuspid pulmonary valve (QPV) is a rare congenital anomaly reported in the general population. There are less than 300 reported cases in the literature to date. It has been found in one in 400 to one in 2000 autopsies. We describe here the case of a 47-year-old patient who ...
Yu Lu-Jun - - 2012
• Arsenic (As) contamination of rice (Oryza sativa) is a worldwide concern and elucidating the molecular mechanisms of As accumulation in rice may provide promising solutions to the problem. Previous studies using microarray techniques to investigate transcriptional regulation of plant responses to As stress have identified numerous differentially expressed genes. ...
Santhanam A P - - 2012
PURPOSE: Medical simulation frameworks facilitate both the preoperative and postoperative analysis of the patient's pathophysical condition. Of particular importance is the simulation of radiation dose delivery for real-time radiotherapy monitoring and retrospective analyses of the patient's treatment. METHODS: In this paper, a software framework tailored for the development of simulation-based ...
Drury Kevin L S - - 2012
Perturbations are relatively large shocks to state variables that can drive transitions between stable states, while drift in parameter values gradually alters equilibrium magnitudes. This latter effect can lead to equilibrium bifurcation, the generation, or annihilation of equilibria. Equilibrium annihilations reduce the number of equilibria and so are associated with ...
Sliker Levin J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The state-of-the-art technology for gastrointestinal (GI) tract exploration is a capsule endoscope (CE). Capsule endoscopes are pill-sized devices that provide visual feedback of the GI tract as they move passively through the patient. These passive devices could benefit from a mobility system enabling maneuverability and controllability. Potential benefits of ...
Awad Sherif - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Data on outcomes of patients who underwent emergency laparotomy (EML) are limited. This prospective observational study examined aspects of inpatient care and outcomes following EML with a view to identifying predictors of mortality. METHODS: Data collected from consecutive inpatients who underwent EML in a UK teaching hospital over a ...
Pickhardt Perry J - - 2012
Misinterpretation at CT colonography (CTC) can result in either a colorectal lesion being missed (false-negative) or a false-positive diagnosis. This review will largely focus on potential missed lesions-and ways to avoid such misses. The general causes of false-negative interpretation at CTC can be broadly characterized and grouped into discrete categories ...
Dabernat H - - 2012
Trends in the evolution of antimicrobial resistance and mechanisms of resistance of Haemophilus influenzae to β-lactam antibiotics in France were assessed through a retrospective database review. The antimicrobial resistance of 2,206 H. influenzae strains from children aged ≤5 years was studied between 2001 and 2008. Strains were isolated from blood or ...
Shin Sang Joon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody bevacizumab has received considerable attention as a first-line treatment of advanced colorectal cancers. Difficulties associated with effectively monitoring the activity of this drug have prompted us to seek a pharmacodynamic marker suitable for defining the optimum biological dose and schedule of bevacizumab ...
Ryan Andrew J - - 2012
Athabasca Valles is a near-equatorial martian outflow channel that contains many well-preserved features whose formation and composition have been a point of contention. Large plates of terrain that have clearly fractured and drifted may have once been ice rafts or the rocky solidification crust of a large lava flow. We ...
Veeruraj Anguchamy - - 2012
Acid soluble collagen (ASC) and pepsin-soluble collagen (PSC) from the outer skin waste of marine eel fish (Evenchelys macrura) were isolated and characterized. The prepared collagen was used to test its effective drug delivering potential in vitro condition. Present results were confirmed as collagen by different physico-chemical techniques like SDS-PAGE, ...
Krpata David M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The ideal method to secure biologic mesh during laparoscopic hiatal hernia repair remains uncertain. Suture or tack fixation can be technically difficult, and serious cardiovascular complications have been reported. Fibrin sealant (FS) offers a potential solution to this problem. We hypothesized that FS provides comparable mesh fixation to suture ...
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