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Results 201 - 250 of 2828
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Melin Beatrice S - - 2012
Telomere biology is associated with cancer initiation and prognosis. Collected data suggest that blood cell telomere length (TL) can change over time, which may be related to development of common disorders, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancer. Recently, single nucleotide polymorphisms in the region of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase ...
Rostan Elizabeth F - - 2012
Aging and sun damage of the skin results in skin laxity, rhytides, texture irregularities, dyspigmentation, and vascular changes. Many different laser devices are frequently used to correct these changes from age and photodamage. This article describes the author's experience in combining laser technologies (different wavelengths and applications) in one treatment ...
Castera Laurent - - 2012
The prognosis and management of patients with chronic viral hepatitis B and C depend on the amount and progression of liver fibrosis and the risk for cirrhosis. Liver biopsy, traditionally considered to be the reference standard for staging of fibrosis, has been challenged over the past decade by the development ...
Napan Sirikarn - - 2012
Background: Myocardial ischemia can impair myocardial relaxation and result in increased left ventricular (LV) diastolic pressure. Noninvasive measurements of mitral annular velocities have been used to evaluate LV diastolic pressure. We sought to determine whether mitral annular velocities, derived from novel speckle tracking echocardiography (STE), could predict mortality in patients ...
Hoppstädter Jessica - - 2012
Induction of the glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) by glucocorticoids plays a role in their antiinflammatory action, whereas GILZ expression is reduced under inflammatory conditions. The mechanisms regulating GILZ expression during inflammation, however, have not yet been characterized. Here, we investigated GILZ expression in human alveolar macrophages (AMs) following Toll-like receptor ...
Ropper Alexander E - - 2012
Object The management of spinal vascular malformations has undergone significant evolution with the advent of advanced endovascular and angiographic technology. Three-dimensional rotational spinal angiography is an advanced tool that allows the surgeon to gain a better appreciation of the anatomy of these spinal vascular lesions and their relation to surrounding ...
Besenius Pol - - 2012
Nanometer-sized materials offer a wide range of applications in biomedical technologies, particularly imaging and diagnostics. Current scaffolds in the nanometer range predominantly make use of inorganic particles, organic polymers or natural peptide-based macromolecules. In contrast we hereby report a supramolecular approach for the preparation of self-assembled dendritic-like nanoparticles for applications ...
Schaefer Esperance A K - - 2012
Development of robust cell culture models for hepatitis C viral infection has greatly increased our understanding of this virus and its life cycle. This knowledge has led to the development of many drugs that target specific elements of viral replication, including viral proteins and host factors required for replication. The ...
Cabrera-Vique Carmen - - 2012
This review compiles recently published scientific reports on the bioactive compounds present in virgin argan oil along with their possible beneficial effects on human health, which could justify consideration of this oil as a new functional food. Virgin argan oil is characterized by high levels of linoleic and oleic acids, ...
Hall Mary A - - 2012
Prior to imaging agent use in preclinical studies and clinical diagnostics, biological activity must be validated. The Lindmo assay has been used conventionally to quantify radiolabeled antibody (Ab) immunoreactivity, although published findings suggest it does not provide consistently accurate results. We developed and tested a near-infrared (NIR) flow cytometry (FC) ...
Köhler Theresa - - 2012
Dendritic cells(DCs) are important sentinels of the immune system and frequently reside in areas of low oxygen availability, in particular in the course of inflammatory processes. Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF)1α is responsible for major alterations in gene expression as part of the cellular adaptation to low oxygen concentration. In this ...
Wahid Fazal I - - 2012
A 20 years old Afghan male was suffering from left sided nasal obstruction with headache for one year. On examination, patient had reddish, fleshy mass in left nasal cavity. Carotid angiography was inconclusive so incision biopsy was taken from nasal mass and it was reported as teratocarcinosarcoma. CT scan of ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2012
Object Given the feasibility of curative surgical and endovascular therapy for cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), there is a relative paucity of radiosurgical series for these lesions as compared with their arteriovenous malformation counterparts. Methods The authors reviewed records of 56 patients with 70 cerebral DAVFs treated at their institution ...
Wagner Hermann - - 2012
The 2011 Nobel Prize in Physiology/Medicine to Ralph Steinmann, Jules Hoffmann, and Bruce Beutler recognized a paradigm shift in our understanding of innate immunity, and its impact on adaptive immunity. The Prize highlighted the initial discoveries of Toll's role in immunity in flies, Toll-like receptors in mammals, and the establishment ...
Borhany Munira - - 2012
Objective: To determine the frequency of factor VIII specific inhibitors in haemophilia A. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: National Institute of Blood Disease and Bone Marrow Transplantation, Karachi, from August 2007 to March 2009. Methodology: Venous blood samples of diagnosed haemophilia A patients were collected in ...
Costa Maria F S - - 2012
Herein, we provide evidence that during allergic inflammation, CCL25 induces the selec-tive migration of IL-17(+) γδ T cells mediated by α(4) β(7) integrin. Intrapleural injection of CCL25 into ovalbumin (OVA)-immunized C57BL/6 mice triggered the accumulation of γδ T lymphocytes expressing CCR9 (CCL25 receptor) and α(4) β(7) integrin in the pleura, ...
Shahabuddin Syed - - 2012
Following percutaneous intervention (PCI), restenosis, progression of disease and multi-vessel involvement may require further intervention in the form of surgical revascularization. Patients with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) done after PCI were evaluated to find out the reason for the need of surgical revascularization. Over a period of 12 months, ...
Izraelit A - - 2012
We report mid-aortic syndrome (MAC) in two preterm infants. Both infants developed malignant hypertension refractory to medical therapy and died early in infancy. Thus far, this account is of the two youngest patients with MAC.
Ropper Alexander E - - 2012
Object Type I spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) are low-flow vascular shunts fed by radicular arteries in patients who most often present with myelopathy. Although some fistulas are amenable to endovascular embolization, nearly all can be treated with direct microsurgical obliteration. Methods The authors reviewed their experience in treating 214 ...
Schuengel Carlo - - 2012
Teacher-child relationships may be a developmental issue in its own right, instead of an aspect of wider developmental issues such as attachment or adaptation to school. This paper discusses research findings on teacher-child relationships to argue that teacher-child relationships are important for carrying forward the experiences represented in the attachment ...
Brobst Robert W - - 2012
The Ulthera system is a facial application of intense focused ultrasound developed for improving noninvasive rejuvenation results. This article describes the Ulthera device, its mechanism of action, the indications and limitations of the device, and the details of treatment. We also review the literature and our personal results, discuss future ...
Ibayashi Kenji - - 2012
Penetrating brain injury caused by a high speed projectile is rather rare in Japan, known for its strict gun-control laws. We report a case of a 55-year-old male, who was transferred to our hospital with a foreign body in the brain due to penetrating head injury, which was caused by ...
Danhier P - - 2012
MRI cell tracking is a promising technique to track various cell types (stem cells, tumor cells, etc.) in living animals. Usually, cells are incubated with iron oxides (T(2) contrast agent) in order to take up the particles before being injected in vivo. Iron oxide quantification is important in such studies ...
Dejoseph Louis M - - 2012
With more physicians performing injections to the face in increasingly sophisticated ways, techniques must evolve accordingly. Injectables are no longer mere wrinkle fillers but true panfacial volumizers that are placed in many different planes and tissues of the face, in contrast to fillers of the past used for the dermis. ...
Chonan Masashi - - 2012
We report a rare case of brain metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma with intracerebral hemorrhage. A 79-year-old woman presented with sudden headache and monoplegia of the right upper limb 10 years after diagnosis of thyroid papillary adenocarcinoma. Despite the known metastatic lesions in the cervical lymph nodes and lungs, she ...
Haraguchi Kenichi - - 2012
To clarify the frequency of Japanese patients who are resistant to antiplatelet agents, and then clarify correlations between resistance and thromboembolic adverse events in neurointervention. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 163 patients who were taking antiplatelet agents and received neurointervention, with 128 samples collected just before neurointervention. Residual platelet ...
Waser Beatrice - - 2012
Somatostatin analogues, which are used to treat neuroendocrine tumors, target the high levels of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR1; alias sst2) expressed in these cancers. However, some tumors are resistant to somatostatin analogues, and it is unknown whether the defect lies in sst2 activation or downstream signaling events. Because sst2 ...
Chevaliez Stéphane - - 2012
Molecular biology techniques are routinely used to diagnose and monitor treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. These tools can detect and quantify viral genomes and analyze their sequence to determine their genotype or subtype and to identify nucleotide or amino acid ...
Fuchs Lynn S - - 2012
In this introduction to this special issue, "A Decade Later," we provide an overview of the accomplishments as well as the persistent questions surrounding RTI. We organize this discussion within 3 categories: assessment, instruction, and policy. Within each of these sections, we also highlight how the articles in the present ...
Fernstrom Madelyn H - - 2012
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which include cardiovascular disease, cancer, and diabetes, all of which are associated with the common risk factors of poor diet and insufficient physical activity, caused 63% of all deaths globally in 2008. The increasing discussion of global NCDs, including at the 2011 United Nations General Assembly High-level ...
El-Serag Hashem B - - 2012
Most cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are associated with cirrhosis related to chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Changes in the time trends of HCC and most variations in its age-, sex-, and race-specific rates among different regions are likely to be related to differences ...
Naggie Susanna - - 2012
With the development of effective therapies against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has become a major cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with both infections (coinfection). In addition to the high prevalence of chronic HCV, particularly among HIV-infected injection drug users, the rate of incident ...
Fuchs Douglas - - 2012
In a sample of 195 first graders selected for poor reading performance, the authors explored four cognitive predictors of later reading comprehension and reading disability (RD) status. In fall of first grade, the authors measured the children's phonological processing, rapid automatized naming (RAN), oral language comprehension, and nonverbal reasoning. Throughout ...
Gerloff Janice - - 2012
Cellular mechanisms of carotid intima-media thickening (IMT) are largely unknown. The receptor tyrosine kinase Axl is essential for function of both bone marrow (BM) and non-BM cells. We studied the mechanisms by which Axl expression in BM-derived cells (compared with non-BM-derived cells) mediates carotid IMT. Partial ligation of the left ...
Segal Benjamin M BM Holtom-Garrett Program in Neuroimmunology, Department of Neurology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. - - 2012
FoxP3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells accumulate in the central nervous system (CNS) during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and have been shown to limit the extent of neuroinflammation and to facilitate clinical recovery. The recent demonstration that Treg cells lose FoxP3 expression and assume effector cell characteristics upon stimulation with proinflammatory cytokines ...
Swedberg Karl K Department of Emergency and Cardiovascular Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden. - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence of new atrial fibrillation or flutter (AFF) in the EMPHASIS-HF (Eplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization And SurvIval Study in Heart Failure) database. Aldosterone antagonism in heart failure might influence atrial fibrosis and remodeling and, therefore, risk of developing AFF. The ...
Martinez Jaime J Division of Adolescent and Young Adult Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Stroger Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. - - 2012
Little is known of the experience of Latino youth with HIV infection in the United States, especially with respect to stressors and how these youth cope with said stressors. This study reports on a subset (Latino/Hispanic self-identified youth, n=14) of qualitatively interviewed youth (n=30), both in individual interviews and in ...
Adolphi Natalie L NL Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA. - - 2012
Both magnetic relaxometry and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to detect and locate targeted magnetic nanoparticles, noninvasively and without ionizing radiation. Magnetic relaxometry offers advantages in terms of its specificity (only nanoparticles are detected) and the linear dependence of the relaxometry signal on the number of nanoparticles present. ...
Hoehlig Kai K Deutsches Rheuma-ForschungsZentrum a Leibniz Institute, Berlin, - - 2012
B cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells can both facilitate remission from experimental auto immune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a disease of the central nervous system (CNS) used as a model for multiple sclerosis (MS). Considering that B-cell-depletion therapy (BCDT) is used to treat MS patients, we asked whether Treg-cell activation depended ...
O'Connor Richard A RA Centre for Multiple Sclerosis Research and Centre for Immunology Infection and Evolution, Queen's Medical Research Institute, Medical Research Council/University of Edinburgh Centre for Inflammation Research, Edinburgh, - - 2012
Foxp3(+) T regulatory (Treg) cells can be induced to produce interleukin (IL)-17 by in vitro exposure to proinflammatory cytokines, drawing into question their functional stability at sites of inflammation. Unlike their splenic counterparts, Treg cells from the inflamed central nervous system (CNS-Treg cells) during EAE resisted conversion to IL-17 production ...
Chen Li-Shiun LS Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2012
Recent meta-analyses of European ancestry subjects show strong evidence for association between smoking quantity and multiple genetic variants on chromosome 15q25. This meta-analysis extends the examination of association between distinct genes in the CHRNA5-CHRNA3-CHRNB4 region and smoking quantity to Asian and African American populations to confirm and refine specific reported ...
Barritt A Sidney AS 4th University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, UNC Liver Center, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7584, USA. - - 2012
Recently developed drugs and innovative strategies for the treatment of chronic infection with genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV) have become the standard of care. The protease inhibitors telaprevir (Incivek) and boceprevir (Victrelis) are the first direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents approved, and many more are being developed. These drugs substantially ...
Yuan Yuan Y Chemical Biology Program, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, United - - 2012
Post-translational modifications of histones alter chromatin structure and play key roles in gene expression and specification of cell states. Small molecules that target chromatin-modifying enzymes selectively are useful as probes and have promise as therapeutics, although very few are currently available. G9a (also named euchromatin histone methyltransferase 2 (EHMT2)) catalyzes ...
Lucke C - - 2012
What was the impression on death and dying from people living in the 15th century? To answer this question written information is rare on this topic, as few people were able to read at that time, but paintings and early woodcuts may be helpful. Danses macabres (Totentänze) could be seen ...
Plicht B - - 2012
As a potential alternative to long-term oral anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists in patients with atrial fibrillation, the interventional left atrial appendage occlusion has shown to be non-inferior regarding neurological events. With the new oral direct factor II and factor Xa inhibitors playing an emerging role in stroke prophylaxis, an ...
Otto Christina - - 2012
The yeast Yarrowia lipolytica secretes high amounts of various organic acids, like citric, isocitric, pyruvic (PA), and α-ketoglutaric (KGA) acids, triggered by growth limitation and excess of carbon source. This is leading to an increased interest in this non-conventional yeast for biotechnological applications. To improve the KGA production by Y. ...
Furness John B - - 2012
Functional studies have shown that subsets of autonomic preganglionic neurons respond to ghrelin and ghrelin mimetics and in situ hybridisation has revealed receptor gene expression in the cell bodies of some preganglionic neurons. Our present goal has been to determine which preganglionic neurons express ghrelin receptors by using mice expressing ...
Becker M O - - 2012
Vascular complications are common in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Critical limb ischemia leading to gangrene or amputation occurs in more than 10% of these patients and hence is a common emergency. This report highlights the different pathogenetic mechanisms leading to critical ischemic events and provides guidance for the diagnosis and therapy. ...
Dumic Miroslav - - 2012
The triple A syndrome (Allgrove syndrome, OMIM #231550) is caused by autosomal recessively inherited mutations in the AAAS gene on chromosome 12q13 encoding the nuclear pore protein ALADIN. This multisystemic disease is characterised by achalasia, alacrima, adrenal insufficiency and neurological impairment. We analyse long-term clinical follow-up and results of sequencing ...
Schröder J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate factors influencing mortality after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients aged ≥ 75 years compared to younger patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1,809 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients after PCI with stent implantation in our hospital were assessed. Kaplan-Meier analyses with ...
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