Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2826
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Hoppstädter Jessica - - 2012
Induction of the glucocorticoid-induced leucine zipper (GILZ) by glucocorticoids plays a role in their antiinflammatory action, whereas GILZ expression is reduced under inflammatory conditions. The mechanisms regulating GILZ expression during inflammation, however, have not yet been characterized. Here, we investigated GILZ expression in human alveolar macrophages (AMs) following Toll-like receptor ...
Ropper Alexander E - - 2012
Object The management of spinal vascular malformations has undergone significant evolution with the advent of advanced endovascular and angiographic technology. Three-dimensional rotational spinal angiography is an advanced tool that allows the surgeon to gain a better appreciation of the anatomy of these spinal vascular lesions and their relation to surrounding ...
Hoehlig Kai K Deutsches Rheuma-ForschungsZentrum a Leibniz Institute, Berlin, - - 2012
B cells and regulatory T (Treg) cells can both facilitate remission from experimental auto immune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a disease of the central nervous system (CNS) used as a model for multiple sclerosis (MS). Considering that B-cell-depletion therapy (BCDT) is used to treat MS patients, we asked whether Treg-cell activation depended ...
Kataoka Yu - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine atheroma progression in patients with spotty calcification. Although extensively calcified atherosclerotic lesions have been proposed to be clinically quiescent, the presence of spotty calcification within plaque has been reported to be associated with an increased incidence of ischemic cardiovascular events. The relationship ...
Shafqat Gulnaz - - 2012
Infiltrating ductal carcinoma is the most common form of invasive breast cancer. It accounts for 80% of all types of breast cancer. We report an unusual presentation of histologically proven case of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of breast presented clinically as a small palpable areolar dermal lesion. Well defined hypoechoic cystic ...
Chalouhi Nohra - - 2012
Object Endovascular therapy is the primary treatment option for carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs). Operative cannulation of the superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) provides a reasonable alternative route to the cavernous sinus when all transvenous and transarterial approaches have been unsuccessful. The role of the liquid embolic agent Onyx in the management of ...
Verschueren Karine - - 2012
This study tested the unique and joint effects of three significant relationships in young children's social lives, namely their relationships with mother, teacher, and peers, on three dimensions of self-concept (general, academic, and social). A sample of 113 children participated. Mother-child attachment quality was observed in preschool. In first grade, ...
Mirsu-Paun Anca - - 2012
: Family support often plays a major role in helping women accept, cope with, and recover from breast cancer, and yet its association with specific family interaction patterns among racially diverse women facing breast cancer has been insufficiently examined. : The aim of the study was to examine what specific ...
Shah Sachin P - - 2012
Dobutamine stress echocardiography is a generally well-tolerated study to evaluate patients with suspected coronary artery disease. Rare but life-threatening complications of this study have been well described. Severe hypertensive responses are a known but uncommon adverse reaction to dobutamine infusion. The authors report a case of intracranial hemorrhage in the ...
Ellis Jason A - - 2012
Carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) are vascular shunts allowing blood to flow from the carotid artery into the cavernous sinus. The characteristic clinical features seen in patients with CCFs are the sequelae of hemodynamic dysfunction within the cavernous sinus. Once routinely treated with open surgical procedures, including carotid ligation or trapping and ...
Spilt Jantine L - - 2012
A relationship-focused reflection program (RFRP) was developed that targeted teachers' mental representations of relationships with specific children. Relative effectiveness was examined in a randomized comparative trial with repeated measures. Thirty-two teachers were assigned to the RFRP or the comparison intervention directly aimed at teacher behavior. Per teacher, two children (N = 64) ...
Mittelman Harry - - 2012
This article addresses the use of fractionated CO(2) laser and erbium:YAG laser for facial rejuvenation. Outcomes and limitations of these techniques are discussed, along with a stepwise summary of techniques as they are used in clinical practice. An evaluation of patient satisfaction is presented for a group of patients who ...
Manoach Seth - - 2012
Traditional hemodynamic monitors such as pulmonary artery and central venous catheters provide continuous data and secure intravenous access, but their diagnostic efficacy has been criticized. Dynamic arterial waveform monitoring is promising, but studies suggest it is reliable only within narrow ventilation and rhythm parameters. Newer algorithm-based hemodynamic monitors have emerged; ...
Kamoshima Yuuta - - 2012
We report a new simple method of cranial reconstruction using an autologous split calvarial bone, combined with free graft of temporal loose areolar tissue. A 58-year-old woman suffered from a cranium defect on her left side. The originating bone infection happened after initial brain tumor surgery. Part of the left ...
Wedemeyer Heiner - - 2012
Hepatitis E has been considered to be a travel-associated, acute, self-limiting liver disease that causes fulminant hepatic failure in specific high-risk groups only. However, hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection can also be acquired in industrialized countries-HEV genotype 3 infection is a zoonosis, with pigs and rodents serving as animal reservoirs. ...
Guo Jing - - 2012
Glucose plays a central role in the cellular energy metabolism. Malignant tumors exhibit an elevated rate of glycolysis over normal tissues. In this study, two near-infrared fluorescent dyes, Cypate and ICG-Der-02, with different water solubility, were conjugated to 2-amino-2-deoxy-d-glucose (2DG) to form Cypate-2DG and ICG-Der-02-2DG, respectively, for NIR fluorescent imaging ...
Truswell William H WH - - 2012
The human face ages in three different ways: tissues descend; the skin develops rhytides, dyschromia, and numerous lesions; and facial volume is lost. Face-lift surgery and skin resurfacing are two of the mainstays of facial rejuvenation. Today, carbon-dioxide laser resurfacing is, arguably, the gold standard for resurfacing the skin. This ...
Bukh Jens - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes liver-related death in more than 300,000 people annually. Treatments for patients with chronic HCV are suboptimal, despite the introduction of directly acting antiviral agents. There is no vaccine that prevents HCV infection. Relevant animal models are important for HCV research and development of drugs and ...
Senoh Mitsutoshi - - 2012
Viable but nonculturable (VBNC) Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-O139, V. parahaemolyticus, enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, enterotoxigenic E. coli, enteropathogenic E. coli, Shigella flexneri, and Salmonella enterica were converted to the culturable state by co-culture with selected eukaryotic cells, e.g., HT-29, Caco-2, T84, HeLa, Intestine 407, and CHO cells.
Kohri Ryusuke - - 2012
A 73-year-old female visited her local doctor after repeatedly experiencing temporary weakness in her left upper and lower extremities. The patient underwent a cervical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and was diagnosed with right internal carotid artery stenosis. Despite administration of antiplatelet drugs, her symptoms continued, and she was referred ...
Geninatti Crich Simonetta - - 2012
Mn-Apo is a highly sensitive MRI contrast agent consisting of ca. 1000 manganese atoms entrapped in the inner cavity of apoferritin. Part of the metallic payload is in the form of Mn(2+) ions that endow the nano-sized system with a very high relaxivity that can be exploited to detect hepatocellular ...
Gentile Richard D - - 2012
Since its approval for use in 2007, many surgeons have been using the laser for subcutaneous use, primarily for lipolysis, facial neck and body contouring, and skin tightening. Techniques have recently evolved to enable use of the subcutaneous laser with concurrent skin resurfacing techniques for improvement of photoaging and acne ...
Kani Satomi - - 2012
IL28B polymorphism is associated with the response to pegylated interferon-α with ribavirin (PEG-IFN-α/RBV) treatment in chronic hepatitis C patients. As a genotyping assay for IL28B single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in clinical practice, the Invader Plus assay was developed. The accuracy, intra-assay, inter-assay precision, and the limit of detection of the ...
Inui Toshitaka - - 2012
A case of intracranial hemorrhage associated with injury of a critical diploic venous system in clipping for an unruptured cerebral aneurysm was reported. A 67-year-old female presented with a sense of floating. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) showed a C1-2 portion aneurysm of the left internal carotid artery 13 mm in ...
Chen Li-Shiun LS Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA. - - 2012
Recent meta-analyses of European ancestry subjects show strong evidence for association between smoking quantity and multiple genetic variants on chromosome 15q25. This meta-analysis extends the examination of association between distinct genes in the CHRNA5-CHRNA3-CHRNB4 region and smoking quantity to Asian and African American populations to confirm and refine specific reported ...
Nagaishi Masaya - - 2012
Gliosarcoma is a rare glioblastoma variant characterized by a biphasic tissue pattern with alternating areas that display either glial (glial fibrillary acidic protein-positive) or mesenchymal (reticulin-positive) differentiation. Previous analyses have shown identical genetic alterations in glial and mesenchymal tumor areas, suggesting that gliosarcomas are genetically monoclonal, and mesenchymal differentiation was ...
Su Ye - - 2012
The establishment of immune tolerance and prevention of chronic rejection remain major goals in clinical transplantation. In bone marrow (BM) transplantation, T cells and NK cells play important roles for graft rejection. In addition, graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) remains a major obstacle for BM transplantation. In this study, we aimed to establish ...
Bodi Vicente - - 2012
The aim of this study was to investigate the metabolomic profile of acute myocardial ischemia (MIS) using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of peripheral blood serum of swine and patients undergoing angioplasty balloon-induced transient coronary occlusion. Biochemical detection of MIS is a major challenge. The validation of novel biosignatures is of ...
Abbasi Muhammad Ameen - - 2012
Carcinosarcoma of the breast is an extremely rare and aggressive tumour with two distinct cell lines comprising epithelial and mesenchymal components, with few cases reported in the literature. The prognosis of carcinosarcoma breast is less favourable compared to more common types of breast cancers such as infiltrating ductal or lobular ...
Adeola Animasahun Barakat - - 2012
Nigeria has the highest population of sickle cell anemia (SCA) patients in the whole world. This condition manifests with frequent episodes of aches and pains, recurrent infections, and frequent hospitalization. Prenatal screening is one of the methods of reducing the prevalence of this disease. The study aimed to determine the ...
Fugate Jennifer E - - 2012
Spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs), the most common type of spinal cord vascular malformation, can be a challenge to diagnose and treat promptly. The disorder is rare, and the presenting clinical symptoms and signs are nonspecific and insidious at onset. Spinal dural AVFs preferentially affect middle-aged men, and patients most ...
Verschueren Karine - - 2012
This special issue aims to prompt reflection on the mutual contribution of attachment theory, on the one hand, and teacher-child relationship research, on the other, by bringing together conceptual and empirical contributions taking an attachment perspective on teacher-child relationships. In this introductory article, we contend that the teacher can be ...
Papastavrou Evridiki - - 2012
: Family members of patients with chronic illnesses experience distress as a result of caregiving roles, which can be manifested as burden and depression, but cross-disease studies on how caring is experienced are limited. : The present study was designed to examine the burden and psychiatric morbidity in the form ...
Joshi Deepak - - 2012
We compared findings from intraoperative live/real time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE) and two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2DTEE) with surgery in 67 patients having aortic aneurysm and/or aortic dissection. Of these, 20 patients had aortic aneurysm without dissection, 21 aortic aneurysm and dissection, and 26 aortic dissection without aneurysm. 3DTEE diagnosed the ...
Lamacchia Céline - - 2012
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) is a specific IL-1 inhibitor that possesses anti-inflammatory activities. Several studies in human and mouse suggested a protective role for IL-1Ra in liver inflammation, and we previously demonstrated that hepatocytes produce high levels of IL-1Ra in response to inflammatory challenge in vitro and in vivo. In ...
Bekelis Kimon - - 2012
Object Microsurgical resection of arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is facilitated by real-time image guidance that demonstrates the precise size and location of the AVM nidus. Magnetic resonance images have routinely been used for intraoperative navigation, but there is no single MRI sequence that can provide all the details needed for characterization ...
Waser Beatrice - - 2012
Somatostatin analogues, which are used to treat neuroendocrine tumors, target the high levels of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR1; alias sst2) expressed in these cancers. However, some tumors are resistant to somatostatin analogues, and it is unknown whether the defect lies in sst2 activation or downstream signaling events. Because sst2 ...
Köhler Theresa - - 2012
Dendritic cells(DCs) are important sentinels of the immune system and frequently reside in areas of low oxygen availability, in particular in the course of inflammatory processes. Hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF)1α is responsible for major alterations in gene expression as part of the cellular adaptation to low oxygen concentration. In this ...
Wahid Fazal I - - 2012
A 20 years old Afghan male was suffering from left sided nasal obstruction with headache for one year. On examination, patient had reddish, fleshy mass in left nasal cavity. Carotid angiography was inconclusive so incision biopsy was taken from nasal mass and it was reported as teratocarcinosarcoma. CT scan of ...
Gross Bradley A - - 2012
Object Given the feasibility of curative surgical and endovascular therapy for cerebral dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), there is a relative paucity of radiosurgical series for these lesions as compared with their arteriovenous malformation counterparts. Methods The authors reviewed records of 56 patients with 70 cerebral DAVFs treated at their institution ...
Shi Jianxin - - 2012
Germline copy number variations (CNVs) are a major source of genetic variation in humans. In large-scale studies of complex diseases, CNVs are usually detected from data generated by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping arrays. In this paper, we develop an integrative segmentation method, SegCNV, for detecting CNVs integrating both log ...
Kumar Dileep - - 2012
Objective: To compare the ease of insertion between rotational laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion and Brain's LMA insertion technique in terms of number of LMA insertion attempts, time duration of LMA insertion and complications: trauma, laryngospasm, and hypoxaemia. Study Design: Randomized control study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga ...
Quinci Angela C - - 2012
CD127 is the IL-7 receptor α-chain and its expression is tightly regulated during T-cell differentiation. We previously showed that the bone marrow (BM) is a key organ for proliferation and maintenance of both antigen-specific and CD44(high) memory CD8(+) T cells. Interestingly, BM memory CD8(+) T cells express lower levels of ...
Ferrari Franco Alberto - - 2012
A coronary angiography performed for the occurrence of atypical chest pain allowed us to discover a coronary-right ventricular fistula as a rare complication of myocardial penetration by a tined ventricular catheter implanted some years earlier.
Ali Irum Sabir - - 2012
Objective: To determine the feedback of postgraduate (PG) trainees on their current teaching methods and their level of satisfaction with those at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Surgery, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, from January to May 2010. Methodology: ...
Cenzato Marco - - 2012
The aim of this study is to review the clinical outcome of patients treated for spinal dural arteriovenous malformations and investigate the presence of pretreatment indicators of outcome after short- and midterm follow-up. The authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 65 consecutive patients treated either surgically or endovascularly in 3 ...
Yuan Yuan Y Chemical Biology Program, Broad Institute, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02142, United - - 2012
Post-translational modifications of histones alter chromatin structure and play key roles in gene expression and specification of cell states. Small molecules that target chromatin-modifying enzymes selectively are useful as probes and have promise as therapeutics, although very few are currently available. G9a (also named euchromatin histone methyltransferase 2 (EHMT2)) catalyzes ...
Lang G - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Quality of life is largely determined by changing biographical contexts of a person's behavioural action. In later age, health and social relationships are major determinants for a "good life". A decline in health status may lead to the need for support which may result in further dependency; thus, social ...
Lukas A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: When facing the well-known demographic development with an increasing number of people suffering from dementia, there is a need of programmes to support nursing relatives and care at home. Many support services have been established in the past few years but they are rarely used by the relatives and ...
Lübke N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In Germany, typical geriatric multimorbidity is-next to age itself-of special significance for the identification of target groups for specific geriatric care offers. The present article primarily focuses on typical geriatric multimorbidity in the claims data of statutory health insurance and long-term care insurance in Germany. Using the definition of ...
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