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Results 501 - 550 of 2827
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Ritzmann Ramona - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the influence of different whole body vibration (WBV) determinants on the electromyographic (EMG) activity during WBV in order to identify those training conditions that cause highest neuromuscular responses and therefore provide optimal training conditions. In a randomized cross-over study, the EMG activity of six leg ...
Shah Syed Uzair Ali - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The present study evaluated the anti-arthritic and anti-oxidative effects of 6-nitro-1,3-benzodioxane in the adjuvant-induced arthritis model in rats. METHODS: Arthritis was induced in female rats by intradermal injection of MT37Ra. Arthritis was evaluated by arthritic score, body weight loss, paw volume measurement, and histological changes. The plantar test was ...
Goettems Marília L - - 2012
OBJECTIVES : The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of a child's clinical condition; maternal characteristics such as dental anxiety and dental visit pattern; socioeconomic conditions; and maternal perception of the child's oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) on a child's use of dental care services. METHODS : A ...
Kamelska Anna M - - 2012
More and more research is done concerning nutritional programming. Human milk nutrients which are consumed by infants can influence their health in later life. High level of cholesterol in human milk paradoxically lowers the cholesterol concentration in blood in adults. During the course of human lactation the cholesterol concentration decreases ...
Wall Thomas - - 2012
Objective: The author focused on recent national trends in dental emergency department (ED) visits. Patients who presented at an ED for a dental condition are described and the author look at the extent to which these patients have changed over time. Methods: This study was based on the National Ambulatory ...
Bonavina Luigi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes and predictors of success after transoral stapling for Zenker diverticulum are still unclear. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2010, 91 patients with Zenker diverticulum underwent transoral stapling under general anesthesia. Since 2008, the technique was modified by applying traction sutures to ease engagement of the common septum inside ...
Triana Elvira - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Current thawing techniques of cryopreserved progenitor cells are based on the use of a water bath. The aim of this study has been to assess the progenitor cell viability and the time of hematopoietic engraftment after transplantation of cell products thawed with a new dry-thawing device. STUDY DESIGN AND ...
Roy Choudhury Samrat - - 2012
Orthorhombic (spherical; ~10 nm) and monoclinic (cylindrical; ~50 nm) sulfur nanoparticles (SNPs) were synthesized and examined for their effects on the total lipid content and desaturase enzymes of Aspergillus niger. Synthesized SNPs were characterized for size with transmission electron microscopy, elemental composition with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and allotropic nature with X-ray ...
Filipič G - - 2012
Cuprous oxide (Cu(2)O) and cupric oxide (CuO) nanowires have started playing important roles in energy conversion devices and optoelectronic devices. Although the desired advanced properties have been demonstrated, these materials cannot yet be produced in large-bulk quantities in order to bridge the technological transfer gap for wider use. In this ...
Lin Yiji - - 2012
Chiral tetrakis(β-diketonate) Ln(iii) complexes Δ-[NaLa(d-hfc)(4)(CH(3)CN)] () and Λ-[NaLa(l-hfc)(4) (CH(3)CN)] () (d/l-hfc(-) = 3-heptafluo-robutylryl-(+)/(-)-camphorate) are a pair of enantiomers and crystallize in the same Sohncke space group (P2(1)2(1)2(1)) with dodecahedral (DD) geometry. Typically positive and negative exciton splitting patterns around 320 nm were observed in the solid-state circular dichroism (CD) spectra ...
Islam Mazharul M - - 2012
We review recent theoretical studies on ion diffusion in (Li(2)O)(x)(B(2)O(3))(1-x) compounds and at the interfaces of Li(2)O :B(2)O(3) nanocomposite. The investigations were performed theoretically using DFT and HF/DFT hybrid methods with VASP and CRYSTAL codes. For the pure compound B(2)O(3), it was theoretically confirmed that the low-pressure phase B(2)O(3)-I has ...
van Steijn Daphne J - - 2012
Background:  Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share about 50-72% of their genetic factors, which is the most likely explanation for their frequent co-occurrence within the same patient or family. An additional or alternative explanation for the co-occurrence may be (cross-)assortative mating, e.g., the tendency to choose a ...
Chamberlain Marc C - - 2012
Treatment of leptomeningeal metastasis (LMD) remains challenging due to advanced systemic disease at presentation and limited treatment options. All patients underwent standard pre-treatment LMD evaluation including CSF assessment (cytology or flow cytometry), brain and spine MR imaging, and radioisotope CSF flow study. DepoCyt (liposomal cytarabine) was administered intraventricularly (n = 80) or ...
Yi Xuerui - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis is a common scarring response to chronic liver injury. It is a precursor to cirrhosis and liver carcinoma. Hepatic stimulator substance (HSS), a known liver-specific but species-nonspecific growth factor, has been shown to protect hepatocytes from various toxins. METHODS: We have investigated the effects of HSS therapy ...
Sotton Benoît - - 2012
In the present study, juvenile whitefish weighing 2 g were exposed by force-feeding to two ecologically relevant doses (0.05 and 0.5 μg per fish) of microcystin-LR (MC-LR). Then over 96 h the MC uptake in fish liver and muscle was measured, as the activity of the detoxification enzyme glutathione S-transferase (GST) in the ...
Welker Joachim - - 2012
We have measured the angular dependence of chemical bonding forces between a carbon monoxide molecule that is adsorbed to a copper surface and the terminal atom of the metallic tip of a combined scanning tunneling microscope and atomic force microscope. We provide tomographic maps of force and current as a ...
Hiralal Pritesh - - 2012
As a result of their morphology, nanowires bring new properties and the promise of performance for a range of electronic devices. This review looks into the properties of nanowires and the multiple ways in which they have been exploited for energy generation, from photovoltaics to piezoelectric generators.
Pratas Frederico - - 2012
In this work, we present a tentative step towards the efficient implementation of polarizable molecular mechanics force fields with GPU acceleration. The computational bottleneck of such applications is found in the treatment of electrostatics, where higher-order multipoles and a self- consistent treatment of polarization effects are needed. We have implemented ...
Lee Justin - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to analyze a population-based database for (1) recent 9-year trends in utilization of partial cholecystectomy (PC), laparoscopic PC, and trocar cholecystostomy (TC), (2) demographics, associated diagnoses, and hospital characteristics, and (3) relevant inpatient outcomes. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample ...
Henk Henry - - 2012
Abstract Background: Skeletal complications of malignant bone disease are common among patients with both solid tumors and multiple myeloma (MM). Zoledronic acid (ZOL; Zometa) is an intravenous bisphosphonate with proven efficacy in reducing the incidence of skeletal complications and delaying the time to a first skeletal complication. This study was ...
Rønnest Nanna Petersen - - 2012
Morphology is important in industrial processes involving filamentous organisms because it affects the mixing and mass transfer and can be linked to productivity. Image analysis provides detailed information about the morphology but, in practice, it is often laborious including both collection of high quality images and image processing. Laser diffraction ...
Xu Yanhao - - 2012
Genetic changes were investigated in two sets of independently synthesized Brasscia napus allopolyploids by the AFLP approach in the present study. We found that 1.17 % of the loci showed genetic changes following both hybridization and genome doubling in the synthesized B. napus F04J2 relative to its diploid progenitors, B. rapa ...
Cabeço Ludimila Canuto - - 2012
Stimuli during pregnancy, such as protein restriction, can affect morphophysiological parameters in the offspring with consequences in adulthood. The phenomenon known as fetal programming can cause short- and long-term changes in the skeletal muscle phenotype. We investigated the morphology and the myogenic regulatory factors (MRFs) MyoD and myogenin expression in ...
Dupuy O - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to characterize the effect of a 2-week overload period immediately followed by a 1-week taper period on different cognitive processes including executive and nonexecutive functions, and related heart rate variability. Eleven male endurance athletes increased their usual training volume by 100% for 2 weeks, ...
Asmyhr Oyvind - - 2012
OBJECTIVES : The aim of this study was to describe the occurrence of risk factors for dental erosion for a group of young adults who are particularly susceptible to erosion. Another aim was to describe the awareness of erosion and distribution of risk factors according to the educational background of the ...
Hamouda Mouna - - 2012
Brown tumors (BTs) are relatively uncommon but they are serious complications of renal osteodystrophy. The objective of this study was to analyze the clinical, biological, and radiological characteristics of 16 patients with BTs provoked by secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) and its response to the decrease in parathyroid hormone levels after parathyroidectomy ...
Wang Qifeng - - 2012
The synthesis of regioregular head-to-tail poly(3-hexylthiophene)s capped with aryl groups (Ar-HT-P3HTs) has been accomplished by palladium-catalyzed polycondensation of 2-bromo-3-hexylthiophene (1) via direct arylation. A variety of aryl groups are installed at the initiated end in 86%-98% selectivity using aryl bromides and iodides as capping agents. The polymerization proceeds via a ...
Feldman Liane S - - 2012
Surgeons are not required to train on energy-based devices or document their knowledge of safety issues related to their use. Their understanding of how to safely use the devices has never formally been tested. This study assessed that knowledge in a cohort of gastrointestinal surgeons and determined if key facts ...
Smialowski Pawel - - 2012
Many fields of science and industry depend on efficient production of active protein using heterologous expression in Escherichia coli. The solubility of proteins upon expression is dependent on their amino acid sequence. Prediction of solubility from sequence is therefore highly valuable. We present a novel machine-learning based model called PROSO ...
Yepes Diana - - 2012
Structural and chemical properties of charged and neutral Lithium microclusters are investigated for [Formula: see text]. A total of 18 quantum conformational spaces are randomly walked to produce candidate structures for local minima. Very rich potential energy surfaces are produced, with the largest structural complexity predicted for anionic clusters. Analysis ...
Hong Jin Pyo - - 2012
PURPOSE: We examined the prevalence, correlates, comorbidities, and suicidal tendencies of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) according to the DSM-IV criteria in a nationwide sample of Korean women. METHODS: A total of 2,499 women aged 18-64 years participated in this study. Diagnostic assessments were based on the Korean version of the Composite ...
McLoughlin Colleen E - - 2012
Electrospun polycaprolactone (EPCL) is currently being investigated for use in tissue engineering applications such as vascular grafts. However, the effects of electrospun polymers on systemic immune responses following in vivo exposure have not previously been examined. The work presented evaluates whether EPCL in either a microfibrous or nanofibrous form affects ...
Facy O - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic fistula (PF) is a major source of morbidity after pancreatectomy. The International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula (ISGPF) defines postoperative fistula by an amylase concentration in the abdominal drain of more than three times the serum value on day 3 or more after surgery. However, this definition fails ...
Galizzi Monica - - 2012
This paper represents the first study to estimate counts of individual occupational injuries and claims over long spells of working life (up to 13 years) in the USA. It explores data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979. I found that 37% of all surveyed workers who had experienced one ...
Gao Fuping - - 2012
Silica nanorattles (SNs) have proven to be promising vehicles for drug delivery. In order to further enhance efficacy and minimize adverse effects, active targeted delivery to tumors is necessary. In this work, SNs modified with a tumor specific targeting ligand, folic acid (FA), was used as carrier of doxorubicin (DOX) ...
Wheatley Margaret A - - 2012
The extracellular agent tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) can induce apoptosis in tumor cells but spare normal cells. Ligation of TRAIL to a nanoparticle would serve to facilitate targeting to an extravascular site. Polymeric ultrasound contrast agents (UCA) (microencapsulated gas bubbles) can be tracked by ultrasound imaging, and fragmented ...
Sund-Levander Märtha - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012 Clinical decision-making process for early nonspecific signs of infection in institutionalised elderly persons: experience of nursing assistants Aim:  To illuminate nursing assistant's experiences of the clinical decision-making process when they suspect that a resident has an infection and how their process relates to other professions. ...
Li Le - - 2012
Despite hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) and nitric oxide (NO) are important endogenous signals or bioregulators involved in many vital aspects of plant growth and responses against abiotic stresses, little information was known about their interaction. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of H(2)S and NO on alfalfa (Medicago sativa ...
Slattery Michael M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term stability of small (<10 mm) non-calcified pulmonary nodules (NCNs) in high-risk subjects initially screened for lung cancer using low-dose chest computed tomography (LDCCT). METHODS: A total of 449 subjects initially underwent screening with serial LDCCT over a 2-year period. Participants identified as having NCNs ≥10 mm were ...
Wennekamp Sebastian - - 2012
The divergence of the pluripotent inner cell mass and extraembryonic trophectoderm from an apparently homogenous population of cells is a decisive event in mammalian preimplantation development. While three models have been proposed to explain early cellular differentiation in the mouse embryo, the initial cue generating asymmetry within the embryo remains ...
O'Donnell Clare - - 2012
The literature suggests that diabetic patients may have altered tear chemistry and tear secretion as well as structural and functional changes to the corneal epithelium, endothelium and nerves. These factors, together with a reported increased incidence of corneal infection, suggest that diabetic patients may be particularly susceptible to developing ocular ...
Goracci Cecilia - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the shear bond strength (SBS) to enamel and the distribution of failure modes of brackets bonded using a new self-adhering flowable resin composite (Vertise Flow, VF), with or without preliminary phosphoric acid etching (PAE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty extracted premolars were randomly divided into ...
Gessi Marco - - 2012
Extrapleural solitary fibrous tumors are uncommon mesenchymal neoplasms frequently observed in middle-aged adults and are classified, according to the WHO classification of soft tissue tumors, as part of the hemangiopericytoma tumor group. However, these two entities remain separated in the WHO classification of tumors of the central nervous system. In ...
Cai Yun - - 2012
The ability to induce apoptosis is the most important tumor-suppression function of p53. Inhibitory member of apoptosis-stimulating protein of p53 family (iASPP) is an apoptotic-specific regulator of p53. iASPP suppresses apoptosis by inhibiting the transactivation function of p53 on the promoters of proapoptotic genes; however, the mechanism whereby iASPP influences ...
Strong Alanna - - 2012
Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is associated with increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and myocardial infarction (MI). Much of the insight into LDL metabolism has been gained through the study of Mendelian disorders of lipid metabolism. Genome-wide associations studies (GWAS) are now being used to identify novel genes ...
Lockridge Robert - - 2012
We studied the association of patient and dialysis factors with patient and technique survival in a cohort of all of our 191 of patients surviving >3 months on quotidian home hemodialysis (QHHD). Eighty-one patients were on nocturnal QHHD and 110 on short -daily QHHD. Weekly dialysis time was 7.5-48 hours, ...
Huang Pinzhu - - 2012
Objective: This study was undertaken to determine the role of cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) in predicting prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: CIP2A mRNA level of 136 pairs of tumor and nontumoral liver tissues of HCC patients after hepatectomy were investigated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase ...
Buelow Matthew W - - 2012
Background.  It is becoming increasingly recognized that manifestations of congenital heart disease (CHD) extend beyond the cardiovascular system. The factors contributing to renal dysfunction in patients with CHD are multifactorial, with acute kidney injury (AKI) at time of cardiac surgery playing a major role. AKI is often diagnosed based on ...
Gustavsson J - - 2012
In bone tissue engineering, the composition of the ionic extracellular environment (IEE) can determine both cellular fate and a biomaterial's development and performance. Therefore, precise control of the IEE and a perfect understanding of the dynamic changes that it can be subject to due to cellular activity is highly desired. ...
Ginzburg Serge - - 2012
Surgical excision remains the reference standard for treatment of localized renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Laparoscopic and robotic minimally invasive extirpative approaches are being increasingly employed in current urologic practice. Multiple tumors in the same kidney present a unique set of challenges for minimally invasive surgeons. As such, we review recent ...
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