Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2906
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Page Kathryn E KE The Buck Institute for Research on Aging, 8001 Redwood Blvd, Novato, CA 94945, - - 2012
Aluminium (Al) is highly abundant in the environment and can elicit a variety of toxic responses in biological systems. Here we characterize the effects of Al on Caenorhabditis elegans by identifying phenotypic abnormalities and disruption in whole-body metal homeostasis (metallostasis) following Al exposure in food. Widespread changes to the elemental ...
Cuello Susana - - 2012
Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying MeHg toxicity and the way in which this molecule interacts with living organisms is a critical point since MeHg represents a well-known risk to ecosystems and human health. We used a quantitative proteomic approach based on stable isotopic labeling by amino acids in cell culture ...
McNamara John Campbell - - 2012
Decapod crustaceans exhibit a wide range of osmoregulatory patterns and capabilities from marine osmoconformers to brackish and freshwater hyperregulators to terrestrial hyporegulators. The principal gill salt transport mechanisms proposed to underlie the ability of the better-known taxa to occupy these specific habitats are examined here. Traditional thinking suggests that a ...
Herzberger Einat Haikin - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To establish standards for the deviation of vacuum cup placement from the ideal location during operative delivery in an academic center. Methods: Data on 92 vacuum deliveries were prospectively obtained. The actual point on the newborn's head was determined and both midline and anterior-posterior line deviations from the ...
Bernard Mathieu - - 2012
The aim of this exploratory study was to assess the impact of clinicians' defense mechanisms-defined as self-protective psychological mechanisms triggered by the affective load of the encounter with the patient-on adherence to a communication skills training (CST). The population consisted of oncology clinicians (N = 31) who participated in a CST. An ...
Quintero P - - 2012
Adipose tissue often becomes poorly oxygenated in obese subjects. This feature may provide cellular mechanisms involving chronic inflammation processes such as the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and macrophage infiltration. In this context, the purpose of the present study was to determine whether a hyperoxia exposure on mature adipocytes may influence ...
White Eileen - - 2012
Autophagy (also known as macroautophagy) captures intracellular components in autophagosomes and delivers them to lysosomes, where they are degraded and recycled. Autophagy can have two functions in cancer. It can be tumour suppressive through the elimination of oncogenic protein substrates, toxic unfolded proteins and damaged organelles. Alternatively, it can be ...
Choi Stephen - - 2012
PURPOSE: Urinary retention requiring catheterization carries the risk of infection. Neuraxial anesthesia causes transient impairment of bladder function ranging from delayed initiation of micturition to frank urinary retention. We undertook a review of the literature to determine the elements of neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia that prolong bladder dysfunction and increase ...
Schwartz Catherine M - - 2012
Human embryonic stem cell (hESC)-derived dopaminergic (DA) neurons hold potential for treating Parkinson's disease (PD) through cell replacement therapy. Generation of DA neurons from hESCs has been achieved by coculture with the stromal cell line PA6, a source of stromal cell-derived inducing activity (SDIA). However, the factors produced by stromal ...
Wei Dongfeng - - 2012
Phosphorylated modification of a polysaccharide obtained from Radix Hedysari (RHP) was studied. Three phosphorylated polysaccharides (RHPP) with variable degrees of substitution (DS(p)) were obtained with 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) and N, N' Dicyclocarbodiimide (DCC) as catalyst. The structures of RHPP were characterized by FT-IR spectra and (13)C NMR spectra. Depending on different ...
Smout Elizabeth M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of gestational age (GA) wheels has been shown to be poor, yet they remain commonly used. We surveyed their use within our institution and determined the inter-observer and inter-device variability of a range of devices. We have devised a procedure for validating device accuracy. METHODS: All clinicians ...
Larcher Simone - - 2012
The potential development of antibacterial resistance and endocrine disruption has led to increased research investigating the removal of contaminants from wastewater (WW) such as sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2). These compounds react quickly with ozone (O(3)), thus ozonation during WW treatment may result in their complete removal. Also, O(3) has ...
Fleischer Falk - - 2012
The efficient prediction of the behavior of others requires the recognition of their actions and an understanding of their action goals. In humans, this process is fast and extremely robust, as demonstrated by classical experiments showing that human observers reliably judge causal relationships and attribute interactive social behavior to strongly ...
Chang Yun-Shiang - - 2012
White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) is a serious shrimp pathogen that has spread globally to all major shrimp farming areas, causing enormous economic losses. Here we investigate the role of hermit crabs in transmitting WSSV to Penaeus monodon brooders used in hatcheries in Vietnam. WSSV-free brooders became PCR-positive for WSSV ...
Antovic J P - - 2012
Haemophilia A patients with similar levels of factor VIII (FVIII) may have different bleeding phenotypes and responses to treatment with FVIII concentrate. Therefore, a test which determines overall haemostasis may be appropriate for treatment monitoring in some patients. We studied two global haemostatic methods:endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) and overall haemostatic ...
Moyori Takaya - - 2012
We investigated catalytic activities of strong brønsted acids for dehydration polycondensations of dicarboxylic acids and diols, which were carried out at low temperature (< 100 °C) under reduced pressure (0.3-3 mmHg). Strong brønsted acids, bis(parfluoroalkanesulfonyl)imide and parfluoroalkanesulfonic acid, showed higher activity than p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA) or rare-earth catalysts at 60 ...
Mihajlovic Tijana - - 2012
Due to the fact that the number of new poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients is increasing, it is important to investigate the possibilities of improvement of their solubility in order to obtain a final pharmaceutical formulation with enhanced bioavailability. One of the strategies to increase drug solubility is the inclusion ...
Wang Jun - - 2012
Previous studies on organisms with well-differentiated X and Y chromosomes, such as Drosophila and mammals, consistently detected an excess of genes moving out of the X chromosome and gaining testis-biased expression. Several selective evolutionary mechanisms were shown to be associated with this nonrandom gene traffic, which contributed to the evolution ...
Sforza Marcos - - 2012
The lips, one of the most illustrious facial features, have a key role in forming facial expressions. In the past, hypertrophic lips were an aesthetic issue among certain ethnic groups. Although full lips are a desirable feature sought by many people, the current world of fashion tends emphasize equilibrium and ...
Thawal Nikhil D - - 2012
Biofilm formation in Acinetobacter baumannii is a common cause of nosocomial infections in humans. Clinical devices and abiotic surfaces are important sites of colonization leading to formation of biofilms. Such infections are often resistant to multiple antibiotic therapies, and hence there is need for an effective mode of control. Herein, ...
Rios Beatriz E - - 2012
Treatment of a bis(phenylphosphonite)calix[5]arene ligand with either palladium(ii) chloride or 1,5-cyclooctadieneplatinum(ii) chloride yields square planar metal complexes in which the two phosphorus atoms bind cis to the MCl(2) moiety (M = Pd, Pt). Chloride was removed from the palladium complex to open a coordination site at the metal for catalysis. ...
Wei M - - 2012
Few pharmacogenomic dosing regimens of warfarin have been developed for Chinese patients with non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The objective of this study was to develop a new algorithm by polymorphisms of CYP2C9 , VKORC1 and CYP4F2 to predict daily stable dose of warfarin in Chinese patients with NVAF. A ...
Mani H - - 2012
Rivaroxaban is a direct factor Xa inhibitor, which can be monitored by anti-factor Xa chromogenic assays. This ex vivo study evaluated different assays for accurate determination of rivaroxaban levels. Eighty plasma samples from patients receiving rivaroxaban (Xarelto®) 10 mg once daily and 20 plasma samples from healthy volunteers were investigated ...
Pulli Petri - - 2012
Many countries are facing a problem when the age-structure of the society is changing. The numbers of senior citizen are rising rapidly, and caretaking personnel numbers cannot match the problems and needs of these citizens. Using smart, ubiquitous technologies can offer ways in coping with the need of more nursing ...
Brenneman Douglas E - - 2012
Severe seizure activity is associated with recurring cycles of excitotoxicity and oxidative stress that result in progressive neuronal damage and death. Intervention to halt these pathological processes is a compelling disease-modifying strategy for the treatment of seizure disorders. In the present study, a core small molecule with anticonvulsant activity has ...
Wang Lv - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder where a high frequency of gastrointestinal disturbance (e.g., constipation and diarrhea) is reported. As large bowel fermentation products can have beneficial or detrimental effects on health, these were measured in feces of children with and without ASD to ...
Lee Jeonghun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To use objective and subjective voice function analysis to compare outcomes in patients who had undergone conventional open thyroidectomy or robotic thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study involved 88 consecutive patients who underwent thyroid surgery between May 2009 and December 2009; 46 patients underwent a conventional open thyroidectomy, and 42 underwent ...
Sun Guang-Wei - - 2012
Spiral ligament fibrocytes (SLFs) play an important role in normal hearing as well as in several types of sensorineural hearing loss attributable to inner ear homeostasis disorders. Our previous study showed that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into the inner ear of rats with damaged SLFs significantly accelerates hearing ...
Gipponi Stefano - - 2012
Migraine is a common disorder and its pathogenesis remains still unclear. Several hypotheses about the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of migraine have been proposed, but the issue is still far from being fully clarified. Neurovascular system remains one of the most important mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of migraine ...
Ming Hong - - 2012
A novel cold-resistant bacterium, designated YIM 016(T), was isolated from a peat bog sample collected from Mohe County, Heilongjiang Province, Northern China and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. The strain was Gram-positive, aerobic, endospore-forming, motile and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence ...
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2012
BackgroundArterial stiffness and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) constitute validated cardiovascular prognostic markers. Adiponectin and its receptors 1 (AdipoR1) and 2 (AdipoR2) are involved in coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated whether AdipoR1 and R2 mRNA and protein expression are associated with arterial stiffness, IMT and extent of coronary atherosclerosis.MethodsWe studied ...
van de Ven A C - - 2012
van de Ven AC, Muntjewerff J-W, Netea-Maier RT, de Vegt F, Ross HA, Sweep FCGJ, Kiemeney LA, Vos PE, Buitelaar JK, Hermus ARMM, den Heijer M, Janzing JGE. Association between thyroid function, thyroid autoimmunity, and state and trait factors of depression. Objective:  The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Lamas M J MJ Oncology Pharmacy Unit, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario of Santiago, Choupana S/N, 15706, Santiago de Compostela, Spain. - - 2012
We are trying to identify predictive factors of high risk of toxicity by analyzing candidate genes in the irinotecan pathways in order to identify useful tools to improve mCRC patient management under real practice conditions. Genomic DNA was genotyped for UGT1A1 (*28, *60 and *93) from all 101 patients, and ...
Raposo T - - 2012
Tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) have already been associated in human breast cancer to a poor prognosis. As a part of a tumoural microenvironment, TAMs have an important contribution influencing neoplastic progression. Hitherto, in canine mammary tumours (CMT) the prognostic value of TAMs has not been reported. In this study, MAC387 immunohistochemical ...
Fei Z - - 2012
The mBin1b is a beta-defensin gene identified in the mouse epididymis. In the current report, its expression pattern and antibacterial activities were characterized, and a transgenic (TG) mouse model was developed in which mBin1b was exclusively overexpressed by up to 50-fold over normal levels in the caput epididymis. The experimental ...
Goli Mohammad - - 2012
The major pathogens causing mastitis were evaluated by multiplex-polymerase chain reaction (M-PCR) with self-designed primers in four quarters of the first, third, and fifth parities in industrial, semi-industrial, and traditional dairy cattle farms in Iran. With the incidence of infection in the quarters by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus agalactiae, the ...
Breer S - - 2012
PURPOSE: Spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee (SONK/Morbus Ahlback) mainly affects the medial condyle of elderly women. It is assumed that localized vascular insufficiency leads to necrosis of the subchondral bone with subsequent disruption of the nutrition supply to the cartilage above. The aetiology remains unclear in detail. Operative treatment procedures ...
Lou Emil - - 2012
Intracranial meningiomas are often indolent tumors which typically grow over years to decades. Nonetheless, meningiomas that progress after maximum safe resection and radiation therapy pose a significant therapeutic challenge and effective therapies have yet to be identified. Preclinical studies implicate angiogenesis in the pathophysiology of more aggressive meningiomas, suggesting that ...
He Aina - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The prognoses for patients with relapsed and refractory osteosarcoma are poor and the optimal treatment strategy is still to be defined. We conducted this retrospective study to compare the feasibility and efficacy of pirarubicin-based chemotherapy with gemcitabine-docetaxel combination regimens for the salvage of these patients. METHODS: The clinical data ...
Liu Xien - - 2012
Nanostructured WO(3) has been developed as a promising water-splitting material due to its ability of capturing parts of the visible light and high stability in aqueous solutions under acidic conditions. In this review, the fabrication, photocatalytic performance and operating principles of photoelectrochemical cells (PECs) for water splitting based on WO(3) ...
Zhan Zhen - - 2012
The genetic polymorphisms in E-cadherin gene (CDH1) may affect invasive/metastatic development of gastric cancer by altering gene transcriptional activity of epithelial cell. Our study aims to explore the associations among CDH1 gene polymorphisms, and predisposition of gastric cancer. We genotyped four potentially functional polymorphisms (rs13689, rs1801552, rs16260 and rs17690554) of ...
Deng Haoyu - - 2012
Antithrombin is a plasma protein critical to the regulation of coagulation. It plays a pivotal anticoagulant role by preventing the activation of procoagulant proteinases. Inherited and (or) acquired deficiency of AT is an established risk factor for venous thromboembolism. Sequencing analysis of SERPINC1 gene of three families revealed that Family ...
Niu Y B - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to investigate the anti-osteoporotic effects of Radix Dipsaci total saponins (RTS). We showed that RTS was able to improve bone properties by either an increase of osteoblastic activity or a decrease in osteoclastic activity. INTRODUCTION: Radix Dipsaci has long been used as an anti-osteoporotic ...
Hu Bo B Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA. - - 2012
This paper proposes a nonparametric procedure to describe the progression of longitudinal cohorts over time from a population averaged perspective, leading to multistate probability curves with the states defined jointly by survival and longitudinal outcomes measured with error. To account for the challenges of informative dropout and nonlinear shapes of ...
Muller Cécile Olivia - - 2012
PURPOSE: The correlation between radiographic transition zone on contrast enema in Hirschsprung's disease and the total length of aganglionosis is known to be inaccurate. The aim of our study was to analyse this correlation more precisely to improve preoperative planning of the corrective surgery. METHODS: From 1998 to 2009, 79 ...
Ledreux Aurélie - - 2012
Successive unexplained shellfish toxicity events have been observed in Arcachon Bay (Atlantic coast, France) since 2005. The positive mouse bioassay (MBA) revealing atypical toxicity did not match the phytoplankton observations or the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) investigations used to detect some known lipophilic toxins in shellfish. The use of ...
Yang Qingyong - - 2012
Modification of oleic acid (C18:1) and linolenic acid (C18:3) contents in seeds is one of the major goals for quality breeding after removal of erucic acid in oilseed rape (Brassica napus). The fatty acid desaturase genes FAD2 and FAD3 have been shown as the major genes for the control of ...
Li Heng - - 2012
Though mild hypothermia displays an optimistic alleviation of contractive failure in the ischemia/reperfusion myocardium, we still lacked answers to many questions about its potential mechanisms. Our hypothesis is that hypothermia (32°C) induced in ischemia can ease mitochondrial injury resulting in improvement of myocardial contractility even under the condition of a ...
Zwetsloot Kevin A - - 2012
Aged skeletal muscle displays increased fibrosis and impaired regeneration. While it is not well characterized how skeletal muscle fibroblasts contribute to these phenomena, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) and Delta/Notch signaling have been implicated to influence muscle regeneration. In this study, a unique combination of aging phenotypes is identified in differentiating ...
Corsaro Daniele - - 2012
The blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira (Perciformes, Lutjanidae) are cosmopolitan in the Indo-Pacific but were introduced into Oahu, Hawaii, USA, in the 1950s and have since colonized most of the archipelago. Studies of microparasites in blue-striped snappers from Hawaii revealed chlamydia-like organisms (CLO) infecting the spleen and kidney, characterized by intracellular ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >