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Results 401 - 450 of 2906
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Rawat V S - - 2012
Three types of vitellogenins (Vgs) namely vitellogenin A (VgA), vitellogenin B (VgB) and vitellogenin C (VgC) have been identified in fishes. The existence of VgA and VgB is reported in the Indian freshwater murrel Channa punctatus. Gene-specific primers were designed using available nucleotide sequences in National Centre for Biotechnology Information ...
Svoboda J - - 2012
Many populations of the narrow-clawed crayfish Astacus leptodactylus in Turkey, including those inhabiting Lake EÄźirdir, declined drastically in the mid-1980s due to introduction of crayfish plague Aphanomyces astaci. However, unlike many other localities, there has been some recovery in the A. leptodactylus population inhabiting this lake even though crayfish plague ...
Zhou Xin - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of p73 G4C14-A4T14 polymorphisms with susceptibility to breast cancer in Chongqing women of Han Nationality in China. In a case-control study, single-nucleotide polymorphisms of p73 G4C14-A4T14 at exon 2 were genotyped by Sequenom MassArray(®) iPLEX GOLD System in 170 patients ...
Solheim Tora S - - 2012
Appetite loss has a major impact on cancer patients. It is exceedingly prevalent, is a prognostic indicator and is associated with inferior quality of life. Cachexia is a multi-factorial syndrome defined by a negative protein and energy balance, driven by a variable combination of reduced food intake and abnormal metabolism. ...
Khodamoradi Sh - - 2012
Feeding unsaturated oils to lactating dairy cows impair ruminal biohydrogenation (BH) of unsaturated fatty acids (USFA) and increase ruminal outflow of BH intermediates such as trans-10, cis-12 CLA that are considered to be potent inhibitors of milk fat synthesis. Supplementing lactating dairy cow's rations containing plant origin oils with monensin ...
Fulda Kimberly G - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to identify geographic differences in health indicators for children with special health care needs (CSHCN). It was hypothesized that geographic differences in unmet health care needs exist among CSHCN by region in the United States. Data were obtained from the National Survey of Children ...
Lu Tsai-Ming - - 2012
The evolution of the nervous system has been a topic of great interest. To gain more insight into the evolution of the peripheral sensory system, we used the cephalochordate amphioxus. Amphioxus is a basal chordate that has a dorsal central nervous system (CNS) and a peripheral nervous system (PNS) comprising ...
Kerr Paul M - - 2012
The endothelium plays a critical role in controlling resistance artery diameter and thus blood flow and blood pressure. Circulating chemical mediators and physical forces act directly on the endothelium to release diffusible relaxing factors, such as NO, and elicit hyperpolarization of the endothelial cell membrane potential which spreads to the ...
Baether Wolfgang - - 2012
Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is well known for its very high sensitivity, and thus IMS spectra are commonly used in the identification of trace gases. Extracting quantitative information from IMS spectra is, in contrast, difficult, especially regarding the reproducibility due to the nature of the processes involved in the measurement ...
Corsaro Daniele - - 2012
The blue-striped snapper Lutjanus kasmira (Perciformes, Lutjanidae) are cosmopolitan in the Indo-Pacific but were introduced into Oahu, Hawaii, USA, in the 1950s and have since colonized most of the archipelago. Studies of microparasites in blue-striped snappers from Hawaii revealed chlamydia-like organisms (CLO) infecting the spleen and kidney, characterized by intracellular ...
Harris Melissa Nauta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Excess weight is a strong predictor of incident breast cancer (BC) and survivorship. A limited number of studies comparing strategies for promoting successful weight loss in women with remitted BC exist. PURPOSE: CASTLE was a pilot study comparing the effectiveness/feasibility of in-person and telephonic behavioral-based lifestyle weight loss interventions ...
Goyal Tarun - - 2012
Involvement of upper cervical and craniovertebral junction is rare but might lead to lethal consequences if the diagnosis is delayed. We present a case of atlantoaxial joint tuberculosis, resulting in gross instability of the joint. The patient was treated with antitubercular medication combined with posterior decompression and transarticular screw fixation. ...
Deuson Robert - - 2012
Background: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a chronic, immune-mediated disease characterized by a transient or long-lasting decrease in platelet counts. ITP is associated with numerous serious clinical consequences. Discussed here are clinical aspects of ITP, the humanistic and economic burden of ITP, and current treatment options with a focus on romiplostim, ...
Yu Ying - - 2012
Analysis of the genome sequence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus reveals two IcmF family genes in putative type VI secretion system (vpT6SS) clusters in chromosomes 1 (icmF1) and 2 (icmF2). The icmF1 gene is present in majority of clinical isolates (87.5 %), but has a low fraction (25.0 %) in environmental isolates. However, icmF2 ...
Kato Takashi - - 2012
Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor, c-Met, play pivotal roles in the nervous system during development and in disease states. However, the physiological roles of HGF in the adult brain are not well understood. In the present study, to assess its role in learning and memory function, we used ...
Mullane Emma - - 2012
Herein, we describe the controlled growth of 1 dimensional germanium nanostructures from high aspect ratio nanowires (>10 microns in length) to shorter aspect nanorods (100 nm in length) via a simple pyrolysis method. The synthetic route involves the thermal decomposition of selected germanium precursors by dropping a solution in a ...
Malhado Carlos Henrique Mendes - - 2012
The objective of this study was to use pedigree analysis to evaluate the population structure and genetic variability in the Murrah dairy breed of water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) in Brazil. Pedigree analysis was performed on 5,061 animals born between 1972 and 2002. The effective number of founders (fe) was 60, ...
Giannini Edoardo G - - 2012
Alpha-fetoprotein is a tumour marker that has been used for surveillance and diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with cirrhosis. The prognostic capability of this marker in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma has not been clearly defined. In this study our aim was to evaluate the prognostic usefulness of serum alpha-fetoprotein ...
Nakamura Kenta - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Because metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is rare, standard chemotherapy has not been fully established. In Japan, combination platinum and anthracycline chemotherapy has been used for elderly patients with advanced CSCC because of its low toxicity. However, the clinical benefit of this therapy has not been fully examined. ...
Yang Dae Sik - - 2012
BACKGROUND: To determine the optimal whole breast irradiation technique in patients with small-sized breasts, tangential and field-in-field IMRT (FIF) techniques were compared. METHODS: Sixteen patients with ≤3 cm breast height and ≤350 cc volume were included. Seven patients had 4D CTs performed. The planning target volumes (PTV), editing 5 and 2 mm from ...
Colorado J - - 2012
This paper presents the design of a bat-like micro aerial vehicle with actuated morphing wings. NiTi shape memory alloys (SMAs) acting as artificial biceps and triceps muscles are used for mimicking the morphing wing mechanism of the bat flight apparatus. Our objective is twofold. Firstly, we have implemented a control ...
Demirel Ulvi - - 2012
Oxidative stress plays important role in the development of acute liver failure. In this study, we investigated effects of allopurinol (AP) upon thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver injury and the potential mechanisms leading to amelioration in inflammation with AP treatment. Acute liver failure was induced by intraperitoneal administration of TAA (300 mg/kg/day ...
Mikutta Christian - - 2012
Music is capable of inducing emotional arousal. While previous studies used brief musical excerpts to induce one specific emotion, the current study aimed to identify the physiological correlates of continuous changes in subjective emotional states while listening to a complete music piece. A total of 19 participants listened to the ...
Morin Caroline - - 2012
BackgroundPulmonary artery vasoconstriction and vascular remodeling contribute to a sustained elevation of pulmonary vascular resistance and pressure in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PH), an often fatal hemodynamic disease. The effect of docosahexaenoic acid monoacylglyceride (MAG-DHA) and the role of the 17 kDa protein kinase C-potentiated inhibitor protein (CPI-17) were ...
Tsai Pei-Chun - - 2012
The primary aim of this study was to examine whether processing speed mediates the association between gender and episodic memory in schizophrenia. Participants were 51 female and 51 male outpatients comparable on demographic, clinical, and cognitive variables. Memory tests included both verbal and visual measures. Both groups scored below the ...
Ingimarsdóttir María - - 2012
It has long been recognised that dispersal abilities and environmental factors are important in shaping invertebrate communities, but their relative importance for primary soil community assembly has not yet been disentangled. By studying soil communities along chronosequences on four recently emerged nunataks (ice-free land in glacial areas) in Iceland, we ...
Abraham Bisrat K - - 2012
The incidence of tuberculosis (TB) has declined steadily in the United States; however, foreign-born persons are disproportionately affected. The aim of our study was to describe characteristics of TB patients diagnosed in the United States who originated from the African continent. Using data from the U.S. National Tuberculosis Surveillance System, ...
Dignan Fiona L - - 2012
A joint working group established by the Haemato-oncology subgroup of the British Committee for Standards in Haematology (BCSH) and the British Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation (BSBMT) has reviewed the available literature and made recommendations for the diagnosis and management of acute graft-versus-host disease. This guideline includes recommendations for the ...
Alex Livy - - 2012
Hypercholesterolemia is caused by different interactions of lifestyle and genetic determinants. At the genetic level, it can be attributed to the interactions of multiple polymorphisms, or as in the example of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), it can be the result of a single mutation. A large number of genetic markers, mostly ...
Aranguren Luis Fernando - - 2012
Pacific white shrimp Penaeus vannamei that were pre-exposed to Taura syndrome virus (TSV) and then challenged with yellow head virus (YHV) acquired partial protection from yellow head disease (YHD). Experimental infections were carried out using specific-pathogen-free (SPF) shrimp which were first exposed per os to TSV; at 27, 37 and ...
Mazeh Haggi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hyperparathyroidism is much more common in women and therefore may represent different diseases in men and women. In order to understand the role of gender in hyperparathyroidism, we reviewed our experience. METHODS: We analyzed a prospective database of 1309 consecutive patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who underwent parathyroidectomy at our ...
Resorlu Berkan - - 2012
Objectives: To present our experience with retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for treating renal stones in patients with spinal deformities. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 8 patients with congenital scoliosis (n=6), ankylosing spondylitis (n=1) or spina bifida (n=1) who had undergone RIRS for renal stones. Stone-free status was determined ...
Bernazzani Paola - - 2012
Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs) under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) are an important mechanism for the acquisition of land and the management of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems. HCPs have become a vital means of protecting endangered and threatened species and their habitats throughout the United States, particularly on private land. ...
Dasanu Constantin A - - 2012
Abstract Background: The high risk of another cancer once one has been diagnosed is well-known. Furthermore, a clear association exists between the use of some cytotoxic agents and chemotherapy-induced malignancies. Methods: This review is set to explore the relationship between multiple myeloma, its modern therapies and the development of second ...
Xu Ligang - - 2012
We herein report a simple and effective method to fabricate excellent transparent superhydrophobic coatings. 3-aminopropytriethoxysilane (APTS)-modified hollow silica nanoparticles sols were dip-coated on slide glasses, followed by thermal annealing and chemical vapor deposition with 1H, 1H, 2H, 2Hperfluorooctyltrimethoxysilane (POTS). The largest water contact angle (WCA) of coating reached as high ...
Villaruz Liza C - - 2012
Patients with oligometastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) present a potential opportunity for curative therapy; however, the challenge remains the definitive treatment of their localized disease and ablation of their limited overt metastatic sites of disease. In selecting patients with oligometastatic NSCLC for definitive therapy, proper staging through radiographic studies, ...
Nelson Cory A - - 2012
TThe electronic properties of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are critically dependent on the nature of ligand molecules on their surfaces. Here we show, in the model system of thin solid films of PbS QDs capped with thiol molecules, the reversible for-mation of surface electronic trap states. As temperature is increased ...
Yoo Ji Won - - 2012
To determine the effect modification of supplemental insurance on the relationship between race and bone mineral density (BMD) in female Medicare beneficiaries. Retrospectively analyzing hospital administrative claim and clinical data of female Medicare beneficiaries (n = 1,398), we performed multivariate logistic regressions of BMD testing including data from all study participants and ...
Dragan A I - - 2012
In this study, we have investigated the fluorescence properties of SYBR Green I (SG) dye and its interaction with double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). SG/dsDNA complexes were studied using various spectroscopic techniques, including fluorescence resonance energy transfer and time-resolved fluorescence techniques. It is shown that SG quenching in the free state has ...
Gheidi Ali - - 2012
The patterns of ensemble activity in the hippocampal formation during wakeful, attentive behavior are recapitulated during subsequent resting states. This replay of activity has also been found in several brain regions across many species, indicating a very general biological phenomenon. Concomitantly, transcription of immediate-early genes (IEGs) such as Arc also ...
Nagato Kaoru - - 2012
PURPOSE: The intravenous administration of α-Galactosylceramide (α-GalCer)-pulsed antigen presenting cells (APCs) is well tolerated and the increased IFN-γ producing cells in the peripheral blood after the treatment appeared to be associated with prolonged survival. An exploratory study protocol was designed with the preoperative administration of α-GalCer-pulsed APCs to clarify the ...
Eckhardt Corien L - - 2012
SUMMARY: Inhibitor development is currently the most severe complication in mild/moderate haemophilia A patients, causing increased bleeding tendency, hospitalization and mortality. It has been suggested that receiving high doses of factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates for surgical procedures is an important risk factor for inhibitor development in these patients. The current ...
Zhao Fenghua - - 2012
ABSTRACTMicrotubule dynamics have been shown to contribute to neurite outgrowth, branching and guidance. Stathmin 1 is a potent microtubule-destabilizing factor that is involved in the regulation of microtubule dynamics and plays an essential role in neurite elongation and synaptic plasticity. Here, we investigate the expression of stathmin 1 in the ...
Munakata Masanori - - 2012
Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) is a new tool for measuring arterial stiffness. The prognostic significance of this measure, however, is not fully established. We initiated a multicenter cohort study to examine the prognostic significance of baPWV in patients with essential hypertension in 2002. After baseline measurements were obtained, 662 ...
Foulds J - - 2012
Foulds J, Wells JE, Lacey C, Adamson S, Mulder R. Harmful drinking and talking about alcohol in primary care: New Zealand population survey findings. Objective:  Existing evidence suggests low recognition of alcohol problems in primary care. This study aimed to determine the 12-month prevalence of harmful or hazardous drinking (HHD) ...
Rossetti Dilce F - - 2012
Several publications have contributed to improve the stratigraphy of the Paraíba Basin in northeastern Brazil. However, the characterization and distribution of sedimentary units in onshore areas of this basin are still incomplete, despite their significance for reconstructing the tectono-sedimentary evolution of the South American passive margin. This work provides new ...
Nazir J - - 2012
Ranaviruses infect fish, amphibians, and reptiles. The present study was conducted to compare the persistence of amphibian and reptilian ranaviruses in a pond habitat. The 4 viruses used in this study included 2 amphibian ranaviruses, Frog virus 3 (FV3, the type species of the genus Ranavirus) and an isolate from ...
Kohlmann Martin - - 2012
The present paper deals with a free boundary problem modeling the growth process of necrotic multi-layer tumors. We prove the existence of flat stationary solutions and determine the linearization of our model at such an equilibrium. Finally, we compute the solutions of the stationary linearized problem and comment on bifurcation.
Zhang Wei - - 2012
The conventional analysis of enzyme evolution is to regard one single salient feature as a measure of fitness, expressed in a milieu exposing the possible selective advantage at a given time and location. Given that a single protein may serve more than one function, fitness should be assessed in several ...
Croppi Emanuele - - 2012
Kidney stones represent a common condition characterized by significant morbidity and economic costs. The epidemiology of kidney stones is not completely understood and may vary substantially based on geographic, socioeconomic and clinical factors; the present study aims at defining the prevalence and diagnostic patterns of kidney stones in a cohort ...
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