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Results 301 - 350 of 2906
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Gupta Neeraj - - 2012
A new and efficient synthesis of a naturally occurring amide alkaloid, N-isobutyl-4,5-epoxy-2(E)-decenamide isolated from the roots of Piper nigrum has been described involving a total of nine steps. Octanal and 2-bromoacetic acid have been used as the starting materials.
Baser O - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: Develop a claims-based severity index for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) database. Methods: Adult patients with at least two RA diagnoses 2 months apart were identified between 10/1/2008-09/30/2009. Patients were required to have at least 12 months continuous health plan enrollment before and after ...
Dhakshinamoorthy Amarajothi - - 2012
The minute amount of hydrogen sulfate groups introduced into the graphene oxide (GO) obtained by Hummers oxidation of graphite renders this material as a highly efficient, recyclable acid catalyst for the ring opening of epoxides with methanol and other primary alcohols as nucleophile and solvent.
Rouiller Yolande - - 2012
Glucocorticoids are known to modulate various cellular functions such as cell proliferation, metabolism, glycosylation, and secretion of many proteins. We tested the effect of hydrocortisone (HC) on cell growth, viability, metabolism, protein production, and glycosylation of an Fc-protein expressing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell culture. HC extended cell viability but ...
Larsen S B - - 2012
The antiplatelet effect of aspirin displays considerable inter-individual variability. We investigated the antiplatelet effect of aspirin in patients with coronary artery disease on aspirin mono-therapy with and without prior myocardial infarction (MI). Further, we investigated whether the effect of aspirin differed between patients with and without aspirin use at the ...
Liu Xiaomin - - 2012
Gamma knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is an important additional strategy for unresected clinically active pituitary adenomas. Radiosurgery for acromegaly aims to achieve tumor growth control and endocrine remission, potentially obviating the need for lifetime medication suppression therapy. Forty patients with clinically active acromegaly underwent GKRS between 1988 and 2009. Thirty-four patients ...
Nnedu Obinna N - - 2012
Abstract HIV-1-infected adults are at increased risk for malaria. Insecticide-treated bednets protect individuals from malaria. Little is known about correlates of ownership and use of bednets among HIV-1-infected individuals. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 388 HIV-1-infected adults recruited from three sites in Kenya (Kilifi, Kisii, and Kisumu) to determine ...
Karalti Ozan - - 2012
The interaction of a water molecule with the (100) surface of MgO as described by cluster models is studied using MP2, coupled MP2 (MP2C) and symmetry-adapted perturbation theory (SAPT) methods. In addition, diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC) results are presented for several slab models as well as for the smallest, 2X2 ...
Malhotra Neena - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is any improvement in the endometrial receptivity in infertile women with Asherman's syndrome undergoing hysteroscopic adhesiolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational clinical analysis of 40 infertile patients who underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for Asherman's syndrome in a tertiary level hospital. Endometrial thickness and ...
Wook Shin Dong - - 2012
Proper management of hypertension is important for better survival and quality of life of cancer survivors who have hypertension. We aimed to compare hypertension management between cancer survivors and the general population. A nationwide, multicenter, cross-sectional survey was administered to adult cancer patients, currently receiving treatment or follow-up, who had ...
Zhou Jing - - 2012
Two photon photoemission was used to investigate the interfacial charge transfer for size-selected Mo(x)S(y) (x/y: 2/6, 4/6, 6/8, 7/10) clusters deposited on an ultrathin alumina film prepared on a NiAl(110) surface. The local work function of the surface increases with increasing cluster coverage, which is unexpected for charge transfer resulting ...
Koban Leonie - - 2012
Outcome monitoring is crucial for subsequent adjustments in behavior and is associated with a specific electrophysiological response, the feedback-related negativity (FRN). Besides feedback generated by one's own action, the performance of others may also be relevant for oneself, and the observation of outcomes for others' actions elicits an observer FRN ...
Jeong Kyoung Yong - - 2012
Amino acid sequence variations have possible influences on the allergenicity of allergens and may be important factors in allergen standardization. This study was undertaken to investigate the sequence polymorphisms of group 1 and 2 allergens from Korean isolates of the house dust mites Dermatophagoides farinae and D. pteronyssinus. cDNA sequences ...
Heidemann Simone - - 2012
Double heterozygosity for disease-causing BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations is a very rare condition in most populations. Here we describe genetic and clinical data of eight female double heterozygotes (DH) for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations found in a cohort of 8162 German breast/ovarian cancer families and compare it with the data ...
Cowperthwaite Jan - - 2012
The quality of care that patients receive is fundamentally related to the knowledge and skills of the staff providing the care. To ensure that all staff within our dialysis clinic network has the knowledge and competence to provide the care, support and education that patients require, a competency based education ...
Gour Nidhi - - 2012
For the very first time, highly efficient synthesis of DNA-peptide hybrids to scaffold self-assembled nanostructures is described. Oligonucleotide conjugation to the diphenylalanine dipeptide triggers a morphological transition from fibrillar to vesicular structures which may potentially be used as delivery vehicles, since they exhibit pH triggered release.
Newton Richard C - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Optical biopsy methods such as probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) provide useful intraoperative real-time information, especially during minimally invasive surgery with flexible endoscopic or robotic platforms. By translating the probe at constant pressure across the target tissue, undistorted "mosaics" can be produced. However, this poses ergonomic challenges with a ...
Pulli Petri - - 2012
Many countries are facing a problem when the age-structure of the society is changing. The numbers of senior citizen are rising rapidly, and caretaking personnel numbers cannot match the problems and needs of these citizens. Using smart, ubiquitous technologies can offer ways in coping with the need of more nursing ...
Wang Lv - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder where a high frequency of gastrointestinal disturbance (e.g., constipation and diarrhea) is reported. As large bowel fermentation products can have beneficial or detrimental effects on health, these were measured in feces of children with and without ASD to ...
Lee Jeonghun - - 2012
PURPOSE: To use objective and subjective voice function analysis to compare outcomes in patients who had undergone conventional open thyroidectomy or robotic thyroidectomy. METHODS: The study involved 88 consecutive patients who underwent thyroid surgery between May 2009 and December 2009; 46 patients underwent a conventional open thyroidectomy, and 42 underwent ...
Sun Guang-Wei - - 2012
Spiral ligament fibrocytes (SLFs) play an important role in normal hearing as well as in several types of sensorineural hearing loss attributable to inner ear homeostasis disorders. Our previous study showed that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into the inner ear of rats with damaged SLFs significantly accelerates hearing ...
Gipponi Stefano - - 2012
Migraine is a common disorder and its pathogenesis remains still unclear. Several hypotheses about the mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of migraine have been proposed, but the issue is still far from being fully clarified. Neurovascular system remains one of the most important mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of migraine ...
Ming Hong - - 2012
A novel cold-resistant bacterium, designated YIM 016(T), was isolated from a peat bog sample collected from Mohe County, Heilongjiang Province, Northern China and its taxonomic position was investigated using a polyphasic approach. The strain was Gram-positive, aerobic, endospore-forming, motile and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence ...
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2012
BackgroundArterial stiffness and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) constitute validated cardiovascular prognostic markers. Adiponectin and its receptors 1 (AdipoR1) and 2 (AdipoR2) are involved in coronary artery disease (CAD). We investigated whether AdipoR1 and R2 mRNA and protein expression are associated with arterial stiffness, IMT and extent of coronary atherosclerosis.MethodsWe studied ...
van de Ven A C - - 2012
van de Ven AC, Muntjewerff J-W, Netea-Maier RT, de Vegt F, Ross HA, Sweep FCGJ, Kiemeney LA, Vos PE, Buitelaar JK, Hermus ARMM, den Heijer M, Janzing JGE. Association between thyroid function, thyroid autoimmunity, and state and trait factors of depression. Objective:  The aim of this study was to investigate ...
Herzberger Einat Haikin - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To establish standards for the deviation of vacuum cup placement from the ideal location during operative delivery in an academic center. Methods: Data on 92 vacuum deliveries were prospectively obtained. The actual point on the newborn's head was determined and both midline and anterior-posterior line deviations from the ...
Bernard Mathieu - - 2012
The aim of this exploratory study was to assess the impact of clinicians' defense mechanisms-defined as self-protective psychological mechanisms triggered by the affective load of the encounter with the patient-on adherence to a communication skills training (CST). The population consisted of oncology clinicians (N = 31) who participated in a CST. An ...
Quintero P - - 2012
Adipose tissue often becomes poorly oxygenated in obese subjects. This feature may provide cellular mechanisms involving chronic inflammation processes such as the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and macrophage infiltration. In this context, the purpose of the present study was to determine whether a hyperoxia exposure on mature adipocytes may influence ...
Choi Stephen - - 2012
PURPOSE: Urinary retention requiring catheterization carries the risk of infection. Neuraxial anesthesia causes transient impairment of bladder function ranging from delayed initiation of micturition to frank urinary retention. We undertook a review of the literature to determine the elements of neuraxial anesthesia and analgesia that prolong bladder dysfunction and increase ...
Wei Dongfeng - - 2012
Phosphorylated modification of a polysaccharide obtained from Radix Hedysari (RHP) was studied. Three phosphorylated polysaccharides (RHPP) with variable degrees of substitution (DS(p)) were obtained with 4-dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) and N, N' Dicyclocarbodiimide (DCC) as catalyst. The structures of RHPP were characterized by FT-IR spectra and (13)C NMR spectra. Depending on different ...
Smout Elizabeth M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The accuracy of gestational age (GA) wheels has been shown to be poor, yet they remain commonly used. We surveyed their use within our institution and determined the inter-observer and inter-device variability of a range of devices. We have devised a procedure for validating device accuracy. METHODS: All clinicians ...
Larcher Simone - - 2012
The potential development of antibacterial resistance and endocrine disruption has led to increased research investigating the removal of contaminants from wastewater (WW) such as sulfamethoxazole (SMX) and 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE2). These compounds react quickly with ozone (O(3)), thus ozonation during WW treatment may result in their complete removal. Also, O(3) has ...
Fleischer Falk - - 2012
The efficient prediction of the behavior of others requires the recognition of their actions and an understanding of their action goals. In humans, this process is fast and extremely robust, as demonstrated by classical experiments showing that human observers reliably judge causal relationships and attribute interactive social behavior to strongly ...
Bonello L - - 2012
Optimal platelet reactivity (PR) inhibition is critical to prevent thrombotic events in primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We aimed to determine the relationship between high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) and ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) following a 600 mg loading dose (LD) of clopidogrel. We performed a prospective monocentre study enrolling ...
Agay-Shay Keren - - 2012
BACKGROUND Congenital malformations (CMs) are a leading cause of infant disability. Geophysical patterns such as 2-year, yearly, half-year, 3-month, and lunar cycles regulate much of the temporal biology of all life on Earth and may affect birth and birth outcomes in humans. Therefore, the aim of this study was to ...
Gerotziafas G T - - 2012
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is linked to hypercoagulability and is characterised by high concentrations of erythrocyte-derived microparticles (Ed-MPs). However, the impact of procoagulant cell-derived microparticles on the thrombin generation process remains unclear. We analysed the alterations of each phase of thrombin generation (TG) in relation to the concentration of erythrocyte- ...
Markovic Milos Z - - 2012
In this work we present the results of extensive characterization and optimization of the Ambient Ion Monitor-Ion Chromatograph (AIM-IC) system, an instrument developed by URG Corp. and Dionex Inc. for simultaneous hourly measurements of the water-soluble chemical composition of atmospheric fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) and associated precursor gases. The sampling ...
Wang Xing-Xing - - 2012
In this study, the mph gene encoding methyl parathion hydrolase from Pseudomonas sp. WBC-3 was expressed in Yarrowia lipolytica and the expressed methyl parathion hydrolase was displayed on cell surface of Y. lipolytica. The activity of methyl parathion hydrolase displayed on the yeast cells of the transformant Z51 was 59.5 U mg(-1) ...
Botteri E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to identify the prognostic factors associated with the risk of loco-regional recurrence (LRR) of women undergoing mastectomy and complete axillary dissection without radiotherapy. We analyzed data from 650 women operated between 1997 and 2001 in a single institution. Median follow-up was 10 years. Overall survival ...
Dignan Fiona L - - 2012
A joint working group established by the Haemato-oncology subgroup of the British Committee for Standards in Haematology and the British Society for Bone Marrow Transplantation has reviewed the available literature and made recommendations for the supportive care and management of organ-specific complications of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD). This guideline includes ...
Young J Christopher - - 2012
The RBANS Effort Index (RBANS-EI; Silverberg, Wertheimer, & Fichtenberg, 2007) is an embedded measure of effort within a frequently employed neuropsychological screening battery. While it has been criticized for inadequate specificity in older non-litigating samples (Hook, Marquine, & Hoelzle, 2009; Warren et al., 2010), the RBANS-EI has yet to be investigated ...
Ivirico Jorge Luis Escobar - - 2012
Copolymer networks from poly(ethylene glycol) methacrylate (PEGMA) and caprolactone 2-(methacryloyloxy) ethyl ester were synthesized and the resulting structure of the copolymer network was characterized by differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, equilibrium water gain and dynamic mechanical analysis, results which were employed to conclude about the network structure ...
Sanil N K - - 2012
Protozoan parasites of the genus Perkinsus are considered important pathogens responsible for mass mortalities in many wild and farmed bivalve populations. The present study was initiated to screen populations of the Indian edible oyster Crassostrea madrasensis, a promising candidate for aquaculture along the Indian coasts, for the presence of Perkinsus ...
Kokkevi Anna - - 2012
Substance use and suicide attempts are high-risk behaviors in adolescents, with serious impacts on health and well-being. Although multiple substance use among young people has become a common phenomenon, studies of its association with suicide attempts are scarce. The present study examines the association between multiple substance use and self-reported ...
Cangialosi Maria Vittoria - - 2012
The aim of this work was to do a preliminary seasonal screening of ecotoxicological biomarkers in European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax in three different fish farms, to know if the different location and typology can discriminate them. A set of selected biomarkers of xenobiotic exposure, such as acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, ...
Pfau Doreen B - - 2012
Quantitative sensory testing (QST) is a widely accepted tool to investigate somatosensory changes in pain patients. Many different protocols have been developed in clinical pain research within recent years. In this review, we provide an overview of QST and tested neuroanatomical pathways, including peripheral and central structures. Based on research ...
Yun Woo-Sung - - 2012
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical course of patients with venous malformation (VM) treated conservatively. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the database of our Congenital Vascular Malformation clinic and interviewed 207 patients with VM, who had been managed only conservatively. The questionnaires asked about changes in size (no change, increase in proportion ...
Zbar A P - - 2012
The main serious risks of anastomotic construction in the colon and rectum include dehiscence and stricture formation. There is a resurgence of interest in sutureless anastomoses formed by compression elements since the introduction of shape memory alloy (SMA) systems, which evoke minimal early inflammatory response whilst maintaining anastomotic integrity. Currently, ...
Zhang Yan - - 2012
30K proteins (30KPs) are classified into the lepidopteran-specific Lipoprotein_11 family. They are involved in various physiological processes such as energy storage, embryonic development, and immune response in the silkworm. To date, 30KPs were only found in Bombyx mori and Manduca sexta. Moreover, the C-termini of ENF peptide binding proteins (ENF-BPs) ...
Vellinger Céline - - 2012
Because toxicants rarely occur alone in the environment, a major challenge in risk assessment is to address the combined effects of chemicals on aquatic organisms. This work is aimed at investigating the joint toxicity action of binary mixtures of cadmium and arsenate on Gammarus pulex. Individuals were exposed during 240 h ...
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