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El-Abassy Rasha Mohamed - - 2012
We have demonstrated the potential of visible Raman spectroscopy in combination with chemometric analysis as a fast and simple tool for the determination of the unsaturation level of milk fat. The Raman measurements have been performed directly on liquid milk and on fat extracted from liquid milk. The Raman spectra ...
Dartnell J - - 2012
A delay in the diagnosis of paediatric acute and subacute haematogenous osteomyelitis can lead to potentially devastating morbidity. There are no definitive guidelines for diagnosis, and recommendations in the literature are generally based on expert opinions, case series and cohort studies. All articles in the English literature on paediatric osteomyelitis ...
Girasole M - - 2012
The study of the mechanical properties of biosystems and the relationship with their biochemical and structural functionality is an increasingly interesting subject of investigation. In recent years, in particular, the use of the atomic force microscopy provides the tools for understanding the molecular basis of the mechanical behaviour of the ...
Greenlee Justin J - - 2012
Sheep scrapie susceptibility or resistance is a function of genotype, with polymorphisms at codon 171 in the sheep prion gene playing a major role. Glutamine (Q) at codon 171 contributes to scrapie susceptibility, while arginine (R) is associated with resistance. In some breeds, lysine (K) occurs at codon 171, but ...
Dilley Julia A - - 2012
Public health leaders are making difficult decisions about how to maximize the effectiveness of public health services with diminishing funds. Quality improvement (QI) interventions seek to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of public health programs, services, or organizations. The purpose of this study was to review the literature to describe ...
Tucker Sharon J - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The objective of this study was to investigate associations between RN perceptions of their stress levels, health-promoting behaviors, and associated demographic variables. BACKGROUND:: Stress and burnout are occupational hazards resulting in absenteeism, illness, and staff turnover, factors important to nurse administrators. Personal health behaviors among nurses have been linked ...
Swanson Jonathan O - - 2012
Peer review has become an essential component of a comprehensive radiology department quality assurance program. Multiple commercial programs, such as RADPEER, are available to fill this need but may be limited by low radiologist compliance and delayed or limited feedback. Consequently, these peer review programs may not achieve the greater ...
Thapa Mahesh M - - 2012
Cartilage development has a profound impact on musculoskeletal growth. The objective of this article is to offer insights about the maturation of hyaline cartilage through MRI. We begin by briefly describing the molecular make up of hyaline cartilage. We will then follow with a discussion of the basic principles to ...
Tan Zhongqi - - 2012
A developed spectrometer based on optical-feedback cavity ring-down spectroscopy (OF-CRDS) has been demonstrated with a distributed feedback laser diode and a V-shaped glass ceramic cavity. The laser is coupled to the V-shaped cavity, which creates an absorption path length greater than 2.8 km, and resonance between the laser frequency and ...
Mauffrey C - - 2012
The ideal form of fixation for displaced, extra-articular fractures of the distal tibia remains controversial. In the UK, open reduction and internal fixation with locking-plates and intramedullary nailing are the two most common forms of treatment. Both techniques provide reliable fixation but both are associated with specific complications. There is ...
Rosso Gonzalo - - 2012
The accumulation of misfolded proteins is associated with various neurodegenerative conditions. Mutations in PMP-22 are associated with the human peripheral neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Type 1A (CMT1A). PMP-22 is a short-lived 22 kDa glycoprotein, which plays a key role in the maintenance of myelin structure and compaction, highly expressed by Schwann cells. It ...
Meachem Melissa D - - 2012
Cytopathologists lack reliable criteria to distinguish neoplastic from reactive spindle cells; however, with computer-based nuclear morphometry, it is now possible to more objectively and precisely quantify differences between selected populations of cells. Forty-four cutaneous soft tissue sarcomas and 5 cases of reactive spindle cell proliferations in the dog were morphometrically ...
Sobel Howard L - - 2012
Background: Infant formula usage places children at risk for illness and death. Studies in the United States demonstrated high economic burden, health care costs, and absenteeism of caregivers associated with formula usage. Despite high formula usage in developing countries, no economic studies were found. This study examines the financial burden ...
Townsend Mary K MK Channing Laboratory, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2012
To estimate the association between long-term caffeine intake and risk of urinary incontinence (UI) progression over 2 years among women with moderate UI. We conducted a prospective cohort study in 21,564 women with moderate UI enrolled in the Nurses' Health Study and Nurses' Health Study II. Incontinence progression was identified ...
Muraki Mutsuko - - 2012
The diagnostic power of carotid sonography in detecting plaque ulcers may be inadequate when using the conventional criteria. We aimed to evaluate the usefulness of new criteria that we devised through a preliminary analysis of 50 endarterectomy cases before the present series. Thirty carotid arteries of 30 consecutive patients who ...
Hantash Basil M - - 2012
Background: Melasma is a cutaneous disorder associated with an overproduction of melanin by the tyrosinase enzyme. A proprietary oligopeptide (LumixylTM) was previously shown to competitively inhibit mushroom and human tyrosinase in vitro without the associated cytotoxicity of hydroquinone and to diminish the appearance of facial melasma. Objective: The aim of ...
Beck Angela J - - 2012
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation commissioned a systematic review of public health workforce literature in fall 2010. This paper reviews public health workforce articles published from 1985 to 2010 that support development of a public health workforce research agenda and address four public health workforce research themes: size and composition, ...
Tudela Carmen M - - 2012
: To estimate if there is a relationship between subclinical thyroid disease and gestational diabetes. : Between November 2000 and April 2003, serum thyrotropin screening was performed on all women who presented for prenatal care. Women identified with abnormal thyrotropin had a serum free thyroxine reflexively determined. Those women with ...
Lee Elaine Yuen Phin - - 2012
Myeloid sarcoma (MS) is a rare extramedullary manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia that often presents during remission or disease relapse. With awareness of this clinical entity and the appropriate clinical history, MS can be detected despite its nonspecific radiologic features. This article highlights the utility of (18)F-FDG PET/CT, which has ...
Zhou Yanming - - 2012
Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) imaging coupled with principal component analysis (PCA) is used to characterize the photooxidation of polypropylene (PP) and identify the photooxidative products at different oxidation times. PP slices were exposed to ultraviolet (UV) irradiation for times up to 60 hours and spatially resolved spectra were acquired with ...
Felder S - - 2012
The impact of a longer life on future health care expenditures will be quite moderate because of the high costs of dying and the compression of mortality in old age. If not age per se but proximity to death determines the bulk of expenditures, a shift in the mortality risk ...
Ortiz C - - 2012
We tested four types of surgical repair for load to failure and distraction in a bovine model of Achilles tendon repair. A total of 20 fresh bovine Achilles tendons were divided transversely 4 cm proximal to the calcaneal insertion and randomly repaired using the Dresden technique, a Krackow suture, a ...
Martínez Jorge - - 2012
Vascular mineralization (siderocalcinosis) in the brain of horses has been usually assumed to be an incidental age-related finding with no clinic significance. In the present study, eight 15-32-year-old horses of different breeds with cerebral siderocalcinosis were studied. Four of these horses had acute and severe central nervous system clinical signs ...
Raymond Elizabeth G - - 2012
To date, 13 studies have provided data on the risk of venous thromboembolism associated with combined oral contraceptives containing drospirenone or the norelgestromin-containing contraceptive patch. The studies varied in their conclusions about whether these methods are associated with higher risks than combined oral contraceptives containing other progestins: the primary reported ...
Goske Marilyn J - - 2012
The objective of this article is to highlight strategies that can be used to implement changes locally for improved safety of pediatric patients. Specific examples of international organizations engaged with quality improvement are discussed. Large-scale quality improvement to promote radiation protection for children is being aggressively pursued by numerous international ...
Audenaert E - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of registration and the precision of the resection volume in navigated hip arthroscopy for cam-type femoroacetabular impingement, using imageless and image-based registration. A virtual cam lesion was defined in 12 paired cadaver hips and randomly assigned to either imageless or ...
Breyer F - - 2012
The common usage of the term "rationing" in health care as "withholding necessary services" is criticized and the relation between the concepts "rationing" and "prioritization" clarified. Furthermore, we distinguish among different types or rationing, in particular "hard" versus "soft" and "implicit" versus "explicit," and discuss their pros and cons. We ...
Warner Shayna L - - 2012
Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from the blood, lungs, and liver of a 5-week-old American Quarter Horse filly that presented with a 2-day history of fever, lethargy, ataxia, and seizure activity. The foal was born on a well-managed breeding facility to a multiparous mare with no periparturient complications. At 8 hr ...
Wonodi C B - - 2012
The decision-making process to introduce new vaccines into national immunization programmes is often complex, involving many stakeholders who provide technical information, mobilize finance, implement programmes and garner political support. Stakeholders may have different levels of interest, knowledge and motivations to introduce new vaccines. Lack of consensus on the priority, public ...
Hadizadeh Dariusch R - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of incidental deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients with clinically suspected peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) using contrast-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) with a blood pool contrast agent. Two hundred fifty-nine MRA examinations with blood pool contrast agent in 245 consecutive ...
Boyatzis Stamatis C - - 2012
An ethylene-methacrylic acid copolymer, formulated by BASF as a waterborne suspension of its alkylammonium salt and used, among other applications, in art conservation as a temporary protective coating was characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy aided by modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC) and ellipsometry. The thermal conversion of thin ...
Lange A - - 2012
For more than 10 years integrated care has been an inherent part of the German healthcare system. The aims of selective contracts are to minimize interface problems between outpatient and inpatient sectors, generalist und specialist care as well as to intensify competition. Despite repeated efforts by the legislator, comprehensive integrated healthcare ...
- - 2012
Clinical Trial Review is a JDD department designed to provide physicians with information on drugs and devices undergoing clinical testing. It is our goal to inform the reader of the status of select drug and device studies relevant to the practice of dermatology before this information is available through standard ...
Tome Margaret E - - 2012
Chronic inflammation increases lymphoma risk. Chronic inflammation exposes cells to increased reactive oxygen species (ROS). Constant exposure to ROS selects for oxidative stress-resistant cells with upregulated anti-oxidant defense enzymes. The impact of oxidative stress resistance on the redox biology and chemotherapy response in lymphoma has not been rigorously tested. To ...
Lin Hong-Yu - - 2012
Reaction of a substituted indole-3-acetyl chloride with N-5-azidopentyl-N'-hydroxyguanidine generated a substituted 3-(5-azidopentylamino)-5-((indol-3-yl)methyl)-1,2,4-oxadiazole. Reduction of the azide with zinc and ammonium formate afforded the amine, which was elaborated to the guanidine, completing short and efficient syntheses of the cytotoxic natural products phidianidines A and B in 19% overall yield by a ...
Li Tao - - 2012
The objective of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of ex vivo high-resolution multicontrast-weighted MRI to accurately classify human coronary atherosclerotic plaques according to the American Heart Association classification. Thirteen human cadaver heart specimens were imaged using high-resolution multicontrast-weighted MR technique (T1-weighted, proton density-weighted, and T2-weighted). All MR images ...
Hooijberg Emma - - 2012
Error recording and management is an integral part of a clinical laboratory quality management system. Analysis and review of recorded errors lead to corrective and preventive actions through modification of existing processes and, ultimately, to quality improvement. Laboratory errors can be divided into preanalytical, analytical, and postanalytical errors depending on ...
Goldberg Leonard H - - 2012
Background: Actinic keratoses (AKs) are in situ epidermal tumors that may progress to invasive squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). Aminolevulinic acid with photodynamic therapy (ALA PDT) is a field treatment for AK. Objective: To evaluate the time to development of new non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC) within one year of ALA-PDT treatment ...
Welsch Christoph - - 2012
Until recently, the standard of care (SOC) for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has consisted of a combination of pegylated interferon-α [corrected] plus ribavirin, administered for 24- to 48-weeks depending on the HCV genotype. The sustained virologic response rate for this SOC has been only about 50% ...
Fu Ying - - 2012
To evaluate the efficacy of radiofrequency (RF) ablation for treatment of unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and to explore the impact of prognostic variables on outcomes. From 2000-2010, 17 patients with 26 ICCs underwent RF ablation at a single institution. None of the patients were surgery candidates. Seven patients had 15 ...
Hoang Jenny K - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the difference in absorbed organ dose and image quality for MDCT neck protocols using automatic tube current modulation alone compared with organ-based dose modulation and in-plane thyroid bismuth shielding. An anthropomorphic female phantom with metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) detectors ...
Ramos-Duran Luis - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to review the normal anatomy of the aortic arch and the most common variations of congenital aortic arch anomalies using low-radiation-dose, defined as a dose-length product of 7-15 mGy × cm, MDCT angiography. Radiologists should be prepared to fully describe congenital aortic arch anomalies; ...
Burke Paul J - - 2012
Magnesium (Mg) and its alloys are attractive for use in automotive and aerospace applications because of their low density and good mechanical properties. However, difficulty in forming magnesium and the limited number of available commercial alloys limit their use. Powder metallurgy may be a suitable solution for forming near-net-shape parts. ...
Kaiser M M - - 2012
Elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) is generally acknowledged to be the treatment of choice for displaced diaphyseal femoral fractures in children over the age of three years, although complication rates of up to 50% are described. Pre-bending the nails is recommended, but there are no published data to support this. ...
Bertoncini P - - 2012
Understanding the interactions involved in the adhesion of living cells on surfaces is essential in the field of tissue engineering and biomaterials. In this study, we investigate the early adhesion of living human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) on flat titanium dioxide (TiO(2) ) and on nanoporous crystallized TiO(2) surfaces with ...
Kohn Barbara - - 2012
In transfusion medicine, blood typing is an integral part of pretransfusion testing. The objective of the current study was the clinical evaluation of an automated canine cartridge dog erythrocyte antigen (DEA) 1.1 blood-typing method (QuickVet®/RapidVet®) and comparison of the results with a gel column-based method (ID-Gel Test Canine DEA 1.1). ...
Hornor Gail - - 2012
Physical abuse is a problem of epidemic proportions. Pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) will most likely encounter physically abused children in their practice. This continuing education offering will help PNPs develop the skills necessary to recognize an injury that raises the concern for abuse based on characteristics of the injury such ...
Khorashadi Leila - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to provide a radiologic guide to surgical treatment of first carpometacarpal osteoarthritis, a common problem especially in older women. Knowledge of the indications, surgical technique, component design, normal postoperative imaging assessment, and imaging findings of complications is important to providing a meaningful radiologic evaluation ...
Weissman Oren - - 2012
Background: Upper lip wrinkling is a common complaint of patients seeking perioral rejuvenation. Lately, manual dermabrasion has become more popular due to its safety, minimal cost, and favorable results. In several hospitals, the ability to efficiently sterilize sand paper has been questioned. Methods: Between 2007 and 2010, 29 patients underwent ...
Hyde Justeen K - - 2012
This systematic review provides a synthesis of the growing field of public health systems research related to the structure and organization of state and local governmental public health agencies. It includes an overview of research examining the influence of organizational characteristics on public health performance and health status and a ...
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