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Apikoglu-Rabus Sule - - 2012
Objective The aim of this study is to assess Turkish pharmacists' counseling practices and attitudes regarding emergency contraception pills (ECPs). Setting This cross-sectional observational study was conducted via a web-based survey in Turkey. Methods Pharmacists registered at a professional web site (n = 822) were invited to fill in the study questionnaire; ...
Purdie Fiona - - 2012
Background People unemployed and claiming welfare due to poor health are by definition functionally disabled. Understanding the factors associated with such disability is crucial in the development of biopsychosocial formulations and associated occupational rehabilitation. Method A cross-sectional design in a sample of claimants (n = 4,119) of health-related welfare, unemployed due to ...
Loubert Christian - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this Continuing Professional Development module is to review the physiology of maternal hypotension induced by spinal anesthesia in pregnant women, and the effects of fluids and vasopressors. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Maternal hypotension induced by spinal anesthesia is caused mainly by peripheral vasodilatation and is not usually associated ...
Kirtz G - - 2012
Objective: Haematological changes in dogs and climatic conditions favourable for the vector may assist in the quick in-house diagnosis of canine babesiosis. Material and methods: Blood samples from 358 dogs suspected to have canine babesiosis were evaluated. The diagnosis was confirmed in 113 dogs by detection of Babesia canis by ...
Doncaster Gregory G - - 2012
The effects of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) on the physiological, metabolic and perceptual responses during upper body arm cranking exercise are unknown. Nine physically active male participants performed 6 min of arm cranking exercise at ventilatory threshold (VT), followed by a time to exhaustion (TTE) trial at a workload corresponding to ...
Garbin Andréia De Conto - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To analyze discourses on workplace psychological harassment in print media. METHODOLOGICAL PROCEDURES: Documental study on workplace psychological harassment that analyzed news stories published in three major newspapers of the State of São Paulo (southeastern Brazil) between 1990 and 2008. Discourse analysis was performed to identify discursive practices that reflect ...
Wallau Gabriel Luz - - 2012
The transposable element (TE) Paris was described in a Drosophila virilis strain (virilis species group) as causing a hybrid dysgenesis with other mobile genetic elements. Since then, the element Paris has only been found in D. buzzatii, a species from the repleta group. In this study, we performed a search ...
Linares M B - - 2012
This study examines the nutritional composition, fatty acid profile and sensory properties of two types of lamb burgers from the Spanish Manchego breed (formula 1 = L: completely from leg lamb meat; formula 2 = LNB with 2/3 leg and 1/3 neck and breast meat). A significant effect of the formulation type was found ...
Ono Hiroshi - - 2012
PURPOSE: A persistent articular gap and a step-off of ≥1 mm after a distal radial fracture (DRF) may lead to post-traumatic arthritis of the radiocarpal joint. This study aims to arthroscopically assess the reduction in the articular surface in patients requiring volar locked-plate fixation for DRF via fluoroscopy-guided open reduction and ...
Messé Steven R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Descending aortic (DA) surgery poses a high risk for spinal and cerebral infarction and routine use of lumbar drains allows for measurement of CSF markers of neurologic injury. Erythropoiesis medications have extensive preclinical data demonstrating neuroprotection. We hypothesized that prophylactic darbepoetin alfa (DARB) given before surgery reduces neurologic injury ...
Cobo Teresa - - 2012
Objective. To predict microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) and spontaneous preterm delivery within seven days using a panel of selected proteins from amniotic fluid in a Swedish population of preterm prelabor membrane rupture (PPROM). Design. Prospective cohort study. Setting. Evaluation of intra-amniotic inflammation in preterm premature rupture of ...
Baker Jonathan C - - 2012
Heterotopic mesenteric ossification is an unusual but important complication in patients who sustain blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma. In this condition, bone formation occurs in the mesenteric and omental fat in response to injury and may result in serious complications such as bowel obstruction and fistula formation. Although a few ...
Kahraman D - - 2012
123I-N-ω-fluoropropyl-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)nortropan (123I-FP-CIT) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can be evaluated by both visual assessment and quantitative analysis to assess the striatal dopamine state in vivo. The aim of our study was to investigate if visual assessment according to a predefined image grading scale reflects the results of quantitative assessment ...
Park Jin - - 2012
The treatment of open distal tibia fractures remains challenging, particularly when the fracture is infected and involves segmental bone loss. We report the case of a 38-year-old man who sustained an open distal tibiofibular fracture with segmental bone loss and a closed proximal tibial fracture. The fractures were initially fixed ...
Laird Dougal F - - 2012
Sintered cancellous bovine bone (SCBB) offers numerous advantages as a bone graft substitute material; however, its mechanical properties require improvement. In this study, SCBB was infiltrated with ε-polycaprolactone (PCL) or chitosan/monetite to improve mechanical properties while retaining valuable SCBB structure. Organic infiltrating solutions consisted of (i) chitosan and monetite (CaHPO(4) ...
Smith Roger A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Radical rectal resection with total mesorectal excision is the current standard of care for the operative treatment of rectal cancer. Local excision is an acceptable alternative in selected patients with early disease (T(is)0-T(1)) and low-risk features, in whom radical resection may be associated with unacceptably high morbidity. With recent ...
Kendrick John - - 2012
Parameters are derived for a molecular mechanics type dispersive correction to solid-state density functional theory calculations on molecular crystals containing iodine and phosphorous. The molecular C(6) coefficients are derived from photoabsorption differential oscillator strength spectra determined from accurate (e,e) dipole spectra. The cross-over parameters, which ensure correct behavior at short ...
Schramel Johannes - - 2012
Objective  The in-vitro validation of a novel Respiratory Ultrasonic Plethysmography (RUP) system designed to detect circumference changes of rib cage and abdominal compartments in large and small animals. Study design  Experimental in vitro study. Methods  The experimental system includes two compliant fluid-filled rubber tubes functioning as ultrasonic waveguides. Each has ...
Draenert Florian G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Combination of scaffolds and growth factors is a promising option for several clinical problems in bone biomaterials. Simplified growth factor loading by adsorption from aqueous solution is one important option for this technology. We evaluated the adsorption followed by PBS rinsing, release and biological effect of transient loading with ...
Rajadurai Jeyamalar - - 2012
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is an under-recognized major health problem among women in South-East Asia. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, physical inactivity, and being overweight or obese has shown a significantly increasing trend among women in the region, with the exception of Singapore. The ...
Steinmann Diana - - 2012
PURPOSE: Standard treatment of single brain metastases so far is tumour resection in combination with postoperative whole-brain radiotherapy or stereotactic radiosurgery. Here, we report retrospectively our first experience with postoperative hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (hfSRT) to the resection cavity in order to replace upfront WBRT with respect to treatment efficacy and ...
Yin Huaqun - - 2012
Temperature plays an important role in the heap bioleaching. The maldistribution of ventilation in the heap leads to local hyperthermia, which does exert a tremendous stress on bioleaching microbes. In this study, the genome-wide expression profiles of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans at 40 °C were detected using the microarray. The results showed that ...
Berghauser Pont Lotte M E - - 2012
PURPOSE: To report on a female patient diagnosed with Currarino's triad in adulthood. CASE REPORT: This case presents an adult patient with a medical history of a congenital anal atresia, a partial sacral agenesis, and a surgically treated ectopic anus. After a coincidentally observed presacral mass by MRI, due to ...
Misumi Yohei - - 2012
Pathological studies of FAP showed that TTR amyloid demonstrates organ and tissue tropism, and therefore, the mechanism of TTR fibril formation is thought to be closely related to the microenvironment in which amyloid fibrils form. However, many key issues, including the precise site of amyloid fibril formation and the effect ...
Martetschläger Frank - - 2012
For many years, coracoid impingement has been a well-recognized cause of anterior shoulder pain. However, a precise diagnosis of coracoid impingement remains difficult in some cases due to the presence of multifactorial pathologies and a paucity of supporting evidence in the literature. This review provides an update on the current ...
Yoshida Koichiro - - 2012
In the respiratory field, chronic pulmonary aspergillosis, such as chronic necrotizing pulmonary aspergillosis (CNPA) or aspergilloma, is important. We examined the efficacy and safety of short- and long-term itraconazole (ITCZ) administration, involving a switch from injection to an oral preparation, in patients with CNPA. In all hospitals participating in this ...
Breault-Turcot Julien - - 2012
Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensing has matured into a valuable analytical technique for measurements related to biomolecules, environmental contaminants, and the food industry. Contemporary SPR instruments are mainly suitable for laboratory-based measurements. However, several point-of-measurement applications would benefit from simple, small, portable and inexpensive sensors to assess the health condition ...
Aist Clark S - - 2012
This paper reviews a body of data that identifies underlying influences that have contributed to an evolving change in American Psychiatry toward a more positive and receptive stance toward religion and spirituality over the past three decades. This development, surprising in light of the remedicalization of psychiatry and its predominantly ...
Demendi Csaba - - 2012
Objective. The apoptotic genes Bax and Bcl-2 are both involved in the pathogenesis of preterm delivery in conjunction with additional factors. We characterized gene expression patterns of these apoptotic regulatory genes as well as relevant environmental factors. Design. A gene expression study with evaluation of clinical data. Setting. Semmelweis University, ...
Pandey Shanta - - 2012
This study documented the prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among women of reproductive age in Nepal using nationally representative data. We utilized the 2006 Nepal Demographic and Health Survey that interviewed 10,793 women and 4,397 men. We analyzed the couple's data or households (N = 2,600) in which both husband and ...
Kramer S - - 2012
Older cats (>10 years) with FLUTD (Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease) symptoms are often affected by urinary tract infections. In most of these cats organ diseases (e.g. chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus) or iatrogenic factors (immunosuppressive drugs, indwelling catheter) are found that clearly predispose cats to this kind of infection. ...
Shestov Alexander A - - 2012
Metabolic modeling of dynamic (13)C labeling curves during infusion of (13)C-labeled substrates allows quantitative measurements of metabolic rates in vivo. However metabolic modeling studies performed in the brain to date have only modeled time courses of total isotopic enrichment at individual carbon positions (positional enrichments), not taking advantage of the ...
Jones Nicholas Edward - - 2012
We investigate natural inter-annual variability of fish community measures within streams of the Lake Ontario basin. Given this variability, we examined coefficients of variation (CV) among the community measures and three scenarios pertaining to the capacity of biologists to detect changes in the fish community at the stream site level. ...
Sun Qin - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: The frequency of CD4+CD25+CD127- regulatory T cells was investigated in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus. In these patients, the imbalance between regulatory T cells and effector T cells at pathological sites has detrimental effects on the protective immune response. ABSTRACT: Background and objective:  Pulmonary ...
Petriccione Milena - - 2012
The aim of this study was to confirm the utility of the Comet assay as a genotoxicity screening test for evaluating the impact of walnut husk aqueous extract. Phytotoxicity assays using diluted and undiluted walnut husk aqueous extracts were performed on young roots of Raphanus sativus (radish), and the Comet ...
Napolitano Melissa A - - 2012
Between 31-35% of the college-aged population is overweight or obese, yet few weight loss trials for this population have been conducted. This study examined the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a technology-based 8 week weight loss intervention among college students. Students (N = 52) were randomly assigned to one ...
Stein Nathan R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Optimal resuscitation after traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains uncertain. We hypothesize that cerebral metabolic crisis is frequent despite adequate resuscitation of the TBI patient and that metabolic crisis negatively influences outcome. METHODS: We assessed the effectiveness of a standardized trauma resuscitation protocol in 89 patients with moderate to severe ...
Jung A - - 2012
This paper provides an overview of diseases caused by Bordetella avium, Gallibacterium anatis, Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, Riemerella anatipestifer and Enterococcus cecorum in poultry flocks. These bacterial species are almost exclusively found in birds. Their identification with biochemical methods is described and alternative molecular biological methods are discussed.
Rauch G - - 2012
Background: Binary composite outcome measures are increasingly used as primary endpoints in clinical trials. Composite endpoints combine several events of interest within a single variable. However, as the effect observed for the composite does not necessarily reflect the effects for the individual components, it is recommended in the literature to ...
Noroozian Zeinab - - 2012
Enterohemorrhagic (EHEC) and enteroaggregative (EAEC) are two pathotypes of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. EAEC strains express adhesins called aggregate adherence fimbriae (AAFs) which the bacteria use to adhere to intestinal mucosa. EHEC virulence factor is Shiga toxin which belongs to the AB5 toxin family. B subunit, the nontoxic part of Shiga ...
Kluba Torsten - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty is associated with a significant postoperative blood loss even without any form of perioperative anticoagulation. METHODS: The potential role of QUIXIL(®), a fibrin sealant used in orthopaedic surgery to control blood loss and avoid blood transfusions in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty was evaluated in a ...
Marutani Yoko - - 2012
Under a moderately heat-stressed condition, the photosystems of higher plants are damaged in the dark more easily than they are in the presence of light. To obtain a better understanding of this heat-derived damage mechanism that occurs in the dark, we focused on the involvement of the light-independent electron flow ...
Vörös K - - 2012
Background and objective: Cardiac auscultation is one of the most important parts of the cardiological examination traditionally performed with acoustic stethoscopes. The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivities and the diagnostic capabilities of traditional and electronic stethoscopes in detecting canine heart murmurs. Materials and methods: The study ...
Ludigs Kristina - - 2012
Although contributing to inflammatory responses and to the development of certain autoimmune pathologies, type I interferons (IFNs) are used for the treatment of viral, malignant, and even inflammatory diseases. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a strongly pyrogenic cytokine and its importance in the development of several inflammatory diseases is clearly established. While ...
McFarlane Ro - - 2012
Humans create ecologically simplified landscapes that favour some wildlife species, but not others. Here, we explore the possibility that those species that tolerate or do well in human-modified environments, or 'synanthropic' species, are predominantly the hosts of zoonotic emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases (EIDs). We do this using global wildlife ...
Neradilek Moni B - - 2012
We examine a previously published branch-based approach for modeling airway diameters that is predicated on the assumption of self-consistency across all levels of the tree. We mathematically formulate this assumption, propose a method to test it and develop a more general model to be used when the assumption is violated. ...
Hou Fenghua - - 2012
We report a novel microfluidic device use for sandwich enzyme-linked immunoassay assay (ELISA). The related procedures including the introduction of reagents, dilution and distribution of samples, as well as immobilization of enzyme can be readily carried out on a poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) chip. Particularly, this microfluidic chip comprising of two ...
King Will D - - 2012
One-carbon metabolism is a network of metabolic pathways, disruption of which has been associated with cancer and other pathological conditions. Biomarkers of these pathways include homocysteine (HCY), S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), and S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH). A better understanding of the relationships between these biomarkers is needed for their utilization in research. This study ...
Heller Jens - - 2012
The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is part of the defence reaction of plants against invading pathogens. The effect of ROS on filamentous fungi is still unclear. In this study, ratiometric redox-sensitive green fluorescent protein (roGFP) was introduced as a tool for in vivo measurement of the cellular redox ...
Domingo Luis R - - 2012
The origin of the synchronicity in C-C bond formation in polar Diels-Alder (P-DA) reactions involving symmetrically substituted electrophilic ethylenes has been studied by an ELF analysis of the electron reorganization along the P-DA reaction of cyclopentadiene (Cp) with tetracyanoethylene (TCE) at the B3LYP/6-31G* level. The present study makes it possible ...
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