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Gutman David A DA Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, - - 2013
As the power of studying mouse genetics and behavior advances, research tools to examine systems level connectivity in the mouse are critically needed. In this study, we compared statistical mapping of the olfactory system in adult mice using manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) with probabilistic tractography. The ...
Huang K-B - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Owing to its low morbidity but high mortality, no accurate scoring system focuses on primary pontine hemorrhage (PPH) has been established. We aim to compare the performances of the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and the Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS) II with the ...
Pisanti Paola - - 2012
In vitro human mesenchymal stem cell (hMSC) proliferation and differentiation is dependent on scaffold design parameters and specific culture conditions. In this study, we investigate how scaffold microstructure influences hMSC behavior in a perfusion bioreactor system. Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) scaffolds are fabricated using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO(2)) gel drying. This ...
Rezende-Teixeira Paula - - 2012
The Dipteran Rhynchosciara americana, a native Brazilian insect that has become a valuable model system for developmental biology research because it provides an interesting opportunity to study a different type of insect oogenesis. Sequences from a cDNA library that was constructed with poly A + RNA from the ovaries of R. americana ...
Amengual Olga - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Thrombus formation is the key event of vascular manifestations in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Phosphatidylserine (PS) is normally sequestered in the inner leaflet of cell membranes. Externalization of PS occurs during cell activation and is essential for promoting blood coagulation and for the binding of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) to cells. ...
D'Agostino Daniel - - 2012
Although the etiologies of pediatric acute liver failure (ALF) are diverse, ultimate pathophysiologic pathways and management challenges for these disorders, usually lethal in the pre-transplant era, are similar. This review considers particularly the mechanisms of, and monitoring for, intracranial hypertension and coagulopathy; summarizes detailed advice for management of the ALF-associated ...
Mizrahi Tal - - 2012
Polmunate land snails are subject to stress conditions in their terrestrial habitat, and depend on a range of behavioural, physiological and biochemical adaptations for coping with problems of maintaining water, ionic and thermal balance. The involvement of the heat shock protein (HSP) machinery in land snails was demonstrated following short-term ...
Nestler Steffen - - 2012
We conducted a Monte Carlo study to investigate the performance of the polychoric instrumental variable estimator (PIV) in comparison to unweighted least squares (ULS) and diagonally weighted least squares (DWLS) in the estimation of a confirmatory factor analysis model with dichotomous indicators. The simulation involved 144 conditions (1,000 replications per ...
Mehl Christian - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of vertical loading occurring during removal of cemented restorations on the implant-bone interface. METHODS: Thirty-six titanium implants (Camlog 4.3 × 9 mm) were placed 1 mm supraosseous in the frontal skull of four minipigs. After a 13 week healing period the ...
Jacoby Nori - - 2012
Sensorimotor synchronization (SMS), the temporal coordination of a rhythmic movement with an external rhythm, has been studied most often in tasks that require tapping along with a metronome. Models of SMS use information about the timing of preceding stimuli and responses to predict when the next response will be made. ...
Goerigk D - - 2012
Malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) is a worldwide occurring sporadic disease of cloven-hoofed animals. For the first time, this case report describes clinical and pathological as well as histopathological findings in an alpaca suffering from MCF caused by ovine herpesvirus 2. Clinical symptoms comprised apathy, dehydration, anorexia, and emaciation. These symptoms ...
Zoladz Jerzy A - - 2012
The effect of maximal voluntary isometric strength training of knee extensor muscles on pulmonary V'O(2) on-kinetics, the O(2) cost of cycling and peak oxygen uptake (V'O(2peak)) in humans was studied. Seven healthy males (mean ± SD, age 22.3 ± 2.0 years, body weight 75.0 ± 9.2 kg, V'O(2peak) 49.5 ± 3.8 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) performed maximal isometric strength training lasting 7 weeks (4 sessions ...
Oyane Ayako - - 2012
Simple, mild, and area-specific calcium phosphate (CaP) coating techniques are useful for the production and surface modification of biomaterials. In this study, an area-specific CaP coating technique for polymer substrates was successfully developed using a liquid-phase laser process. In the proposed method, Nd-YAG laser light (355 nm, 30 Hz, and ...
Singla Neil K - - 2012
Background:  This is the first study to compare plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pharmacokinetics of intravenous (IV), oral (PO), or rectal (PR) formulations of acetaminophen. Methods:  Healthy male subjects (N = 6) were randomized to receive a single dose of IV (OFIRMEV(®) ; Cadence) 1,000 mg (15 minute infusion), PO (2 Tylenol(®) 500 mg caplets; ...
Yamauchi Hajime - - 2012
It is not clearly understood what happens at the interface between normal and transformed epithelial cells at the first step of carcinogenesis. A recent study reveals that the organized epithelial structure suppresses clonal expansion of transformed cells. Translocation from the epithelium or perturbation of intercellular adhesions may be required for ...
Breer H - - 2012
Sensing potentially beneficial or harmful constituents in the luminal content by specialized cells in the gastrointestinal mucosa is an essential prerequisite for governing digestive processes, initiating protective responses and regulating food intake. Until recently, it was poorly understood how the gastrointestinal tract senses and responds to nutrients and non-nutrients in ...
Staaf Elina - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to analyse the cytogenetic effect of exposing human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) to a mixed beam of alpha particles and X-rays. Whole blood collected from one donor was exposed to different doses of alpha particles ((241)Am), X-rays and a combination of both. All exposures ...
Barrier-Battut I - - 2012
Fertility is reduced after semen cooling for a considerable number of stallions. The main hypotheses include alterations in plasma membrane following cooling and deleterious influence of seminal plasma. However, interindividual variability is controversial. We hypothesized that the removal of seminal plasma could enhance motility in some 'poor cooler' stallions, but ...
Haltrich Irén - - 2012
Cytogenetic aberrations are very important factors in risk assessment of childhood hematological malignancies. We report six childhood acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) cases with rare cytogenetic aberrations: five with RUNX1, ABL1 or MLL proto-oncogene amplification and one case of multiple copies of ETV6/RUNX1 fusion genes. The simultaneous presence of two adverse ...
Luong Susan - - 2012
6-Monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM), being a unique metabolite of heroin, is routinely tested in urine samples to monitor heroin use. However, detection of 6-MAM-related opiates such as morphine is known to be affected by in vitro urine adulteration using oxidizing adulterants such as potassium nitrite. This study aimed to investigate the fate ...
Ashihara Hiroshi - - 2012
Pyridine compounds, including nicotinic acid and nicotinamide, are key metabolites of both the salvage pathway for NAD and the biosynthesis of related secondary compounds. We examined the in situ metabolic fate of [carbonyl-(14)C]nicotinamide, [2-(14)C]nicotinic acid and [carboxyl-(14)C]nicotinic acid riboside in tissue segments of tea (Camellia sinensis) plants, and determined the ...
O'Brien Jon - - 2012
Issue. While population wide smoking rates are falling steadily the rates remain high among the disadvantaged. The future we face is one where the differentials in smoking rates will continue to widen and will flow through to increased health inequalities. Approach. How best to reduce smoking rates among the disadvantaged? ...
Holland S - - 2012
To provide updated evidence-based recommendations for the preventive treatment of migraine headache. The clinical question addressed was: Are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or other complementary treatments effective for migraine prevention? The authors analyzed published studies from June 1999 to May 2009 using a structured review process to classify the evidence ...
Recknagel S S Medizinische Tierklinik, der Universität Leipzig, Leipzig. - - 2012
To evaluate the diagnostic value of peritoneal fluid (PF) cytology for clinical diagnosis of abdominal neoplasia in horses. Ten horses with histopathologically confirmed abdominal neoplasia, in which a PF analysis was performed, were included in this retrospective study. PF was analyzed for total protein concentration and a nucleated cell count ...
Cha Jae-Ryong - - 2012
PURPOSE: Mucoid degeneration of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a little-known entity. The aim of this study was to detail the clinical, radiological, arthroscopic and pathological findings of this condition and to report clinical outcomes following arthroscopic partial excision of the ACL. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2009, 80 knees ...
Shiraishi Yoko - - 2012
In Japan, with the longest life expectancy in the world over the last two decades, a great emphasis has been placed on the safety of the elderly, which has in turn influenced their well-being. Meantime, the concept of Safe Community (SC) has drawn more attention as one of the potential ...
Jourdan Claire - - 2012
Aim  The aim of the study was to assess weight changes after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and the factors influencing them. Method  We conducted a longitudinal observational study of children with TBI of mixed severity who were consecutively admitted to one rehabilitation department (39 children; 23 males, 16 ...
Marulli Giuseppe - - 2012
Alveolar air leaks, often resulting from lung tissue traumatization during dissection of fissures, still remain a challenging problem in lung surgery. Several tools and techniques have been used to reduce air leakage, but none was judged ideal. This prospective, randomized trial was designed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness ...
Nithya Chari - - 2012
Although it is known that Palk Bay sediments harbor diverse and novel bacteria with important ecological and environmental functions, a comprehensive view of their molecular diversity is still lacking. In the present study, bacterial diversity in Palk Bay sediments was characterized using the molecular method terminal-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (T-RFLP). ...
Poggel Dorothe A - - 2012
Part I described the topography of visual performance over the life span. Performance decline was explained only partly by deterioration of the optical apparatus. Part II therefore examines the influence of higher visual and cognitive functions. Visual field maps for 95 healthy observers of static perimetry, double-pulse resolution (DPR), reaction ...
Huang Stanley - - 2012
When driven at sound pressure levels greater than ~110 dB stimulus pressure level, the mammalian middle ear is known to produce subharmonic distortion. In this study, we simultaneously measured subharmonics in the ear canal pressure, intracochlear pressure, and basilar membrane or round window membrane velocity, in gerbil. Our primary objective ...
Vaidya Rahul R Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Detriot Medical Center, Detroit Receiving Hospital, 4D-4 UHC, 4201 St. Antoine Street, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2012
Lumbar spine surgery in morbidly obese patients is a challenge to the operating surgeon. The aim of the study was to evaluate the surgical experience in this group of patients using the Synframe retractor system (Synthes, Paoli, PA, USA) as a tool for improved surgical access. An Institutional Review Board ...
Jeon Younghoon - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pain on propofol injection is a common adverse effect. This study examined the effect of a combination of nitroglycerin and lidocaine on pain during propofol injection compared to lidocaine alone. METHODS: In a double-blind, prospective trial, 90 patients scheduled to undergo elective plastic surgery were allocated randomly to three ...
Wang Xianwei - - 2012
Angiotensin II (Ang II) exerts its effects by activating its receptors, primarily type 1 (AT1R) and type 2 (AT2R). While the role of AT1R activation in cardiomyocyte physiology is well known, the role of AT2R in cardiomyocyte apoptosis remains controversial. To define the precise role of AT1R and AT2R in ...
Becker N - - 2012
Two case reports demonstrate the consequences of a deficient calcium supply in dogs. The first case describes an adult dog with a history of food allergy. The dog had been fed with an unbalanced elimination diet (no minerals and vitamins supplemented) over many years and was referred with the diagnosis ...
Li Guangyao - - 2012
A series of alternating block polyurethanes (abbreviated as PU3/4HB-alt-PEG) and random block polyurethanes (abbreviated as PU3/4HB-ran-PEG) based on biodegradable polyester poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-4-hydroxybutrate) (P3/4HB-diol) and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) with similar chemical compositions were synthesized using 1, 6-hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) as coupling agent. The chemical structure, molecular weight and distribution were characterized by ...
Moriarty John M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Catheter rupture during CT angiography has prompted policies prohibiting the use of electronic injectors with peripherally inserted central venous catheters (PICCs) not only for CT but also for MRI. Consequently, many institutions mandate hand injection for MR angiography, limiting precision of infusion rates and durations of delivery. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Li Yuanzuo - - 2012
Stimulated by a recent experimental report [Hales JM et al. (2010) Science 327:1485-1488], two-photon absorption and third-order optical nonlinearities of selenopyrylium- and bis(dioxaborine)-terminated polymethine dyes (called SE-7C and DOB-9C) used for all-optical switching were investigated theoretically with time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) and response theory as well as visualized real-space analysis. The ...
Chen Jiann-Jy - - 2012
Hormonal changes related to the menstrual cycle have a great impact on migraines in women. Menstrual migraine attacks are almost invariably without aura. Categorizing migraines into menstrual or non-menstrual types is one way to stratify migraines without aura according to the appendix criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders. ...
Durán Raúl V - - 2012
The cellular response to amino acids is controlled at the molecular level by TORC1. While many of the elements that participate in TORC1 signaling are known, we still have no clear idea how cells sense amino acids. Two recent studies found that leucyl-tRNA synthetase (LRS) is a leucine sensor for ...
Fatimi Ahmed - - 2012
Calcium phosphate ceramics suspensions (ICPCS) are used in bone and dental surgery as injectable bone substitutes. This ICPCS biomaterial associates biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) granules with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) polymer. Different ICPCS were prepared and their rheological properties were evaluated in parallel disks geometry as a function of the BCP weight ...
Katz J S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Abnormal values of the transient ischemic dilation (TID) ratio are associated with severe and extensive coronary artery disease (CAD). The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between TID, determined from stress and rest ventricular volumes during regadenoson gated single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) ...
Lentz Ezequiel M - - 2012
Fragments from camelid single-chain antibodies known as VHHs or nanobodies represent a valuable tool in diagnostics, investigation and passive immunity therapy. Here, we explored different strategies to improve the accumulation of a neutralizing VHH antibody against rotavirus in tobacco transplastomic plants. First, we attempted to express the VHH in the ...
Hu Feifei - - 2012
ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABC) are important detoxification proteins and were proposed to play important roles in monoterpene resistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In this work, the transcriptional levels of typical ABC transporters of S. cerevisiae under 85 mg D: -limonene/l were evaluated using real-time quantitative PCR. Only the transcriptional level of PDR5, ...
Nieuwenhuis M M W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adherence to (non)pharmacological treatment is important in heart failure (HF) patients, since it leads to better clinical outcome. Although self-reported and objectively measured medication adherence in HF patients have been compared in previous studies, none of these studies have used an evidence-based cutpoint to differentiate between adherence and non-adherence. ...
Sims M - - 2012
Aims:  To examine whether English legislation to make virtually all indoor public places and workplaces smoke free on 1(st) July 2007 displaced smoking into the home and hence increased the proportion of children exposed to levels of second hand smoke known to be detrimental to health. Design:  Repeated cross-sectional study ...
Swarnkar Supriya - - 2012
Rotenone causes cytotoxicity in astrocytic cell culture by glial activation, which is linked to free radical generation. The present study is an investigation to explore whether rotenone could also cause cellular toxicity in mouse neuroblastoma cells (Neuro-2a) under treatment similar to astroglial cells. The effect of rotenone (0.1, 1, and ...
Kameoka Junichi - - 2012
T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is characterized by a post-thymic immunophenotype, salient chromosome abnormalities, and an aggressive clinical course. However, cases in which these features are absent have been occasionally reported in Japan. Here, clinical and biological features of 13 T-PLL cases, diagnosed between 1992 and 2009 in the Tohoku region ...
Baker Jonathan C - - 2012
Heterotopic mesenteric ossification is an unusual but important complication in patients who sustain blunt and penetrating abdominal trauma. In this condition, bone formation occurs in the mesenteric and omental fat in response to injury and may result in serious complications such as bowel obstruction and fistula formation. Although a few ...
Kahraman D - - 2012
123I-N-ω-fluoropropyl-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl)nortropan (123I-FP-CIT) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can be evaluated by both visual assessment and quantitative analysis to assess the striatal dopamine state in vivo. The aim of our study was to investigate if visual assessment according to a predefined image grading scale reflects the results of quantitative assessment ...
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