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Results 401 - 450 of 3890
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Komoda Natsuki - - 2012
Silver nanowires are printable and conductive, and are believed to be promising materials in the field of printed electronics. However, the resistivity of silver nanowire printed lines is higher than that of metallic particles or flakes even when sintered at high temperatures of 100-400 °C. Therefore, their applications have been ...
Ruigómez Ana - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Up to one-third of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in primary care have residual symptoms despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. We aimed to characterize partial response to PPIs among adult patients in UK primary care. Material and methods. Newly diagnosed GERD patients aged 20-79 years who ...
Sierra Verónica - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The objective of this work was to study the post-mortem evolution of potential biomarkers (µ-calpain activity and proteolytic profile) of meat tenderisation in bovine longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle from several biotypes coming from two beef breeds ('Asturiana de los Valles' and 'Asturiana de la Montaña') and showing different levels ...
Hossein-Babaei Faraz - - 2012
In perpendicular hard disk memory media, nanometric magnetic Co-rich grains are separated by a ~1 nm thick nonmagnetic and preferably amorphous intergranular phase (IP). Attempts at observing the IP structure at high resolution using TEM have been obstructed by the superposition of lattice fringes from the crystalline grains extending into ...
Ghafoor Kashif - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The conventional method of processing ginseng (Panax ginseng) roots into red ginseng involves mainly heating and drying processes. In the present study, this method was modified by using high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) to improve the physicochemical characteristics of red ginseng. RESULTS: The HHP process (600 MPa for 1 min) ...
Dian-Xing Feng - - 2012
In addition to causing myiasis in humans, Megaselia spiracularis Schmitz has also been reported as a forensically important fly. In this study, we presented the morphology of all larval instars and puparium of M. spiracularis using scanning electron microscopy. The first instar larva was composed of 12 segments. Antennae and ...
Noar Seth M - - 2012
Abstract The rapidly changing media landscape and proliferation of new technologies creates vast new opportunities for HIV prevention. The fast growth of the relatively new eHealth field is a testament to the excitement and promise of these new technologies. eHealth interventions in HIV prevention tested to date include computer- and ...
Dobrilovic Nikola - - 2012
Abstract  We describe a left thoracotomy approach for implantation of the Abiomed AB5000 left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The technique is easily performed and spares the patient a sternotomy in anticipation of future transplantation or LVAD exchange. (J Card Surg 2012; ** :1-2).
Guo Yan - - 2012
Abstract The number of children losing one or both parents to HIV/AIDS has continued to rise in the past decade, with most of them being school-aged children. This study reviews global literature on the effects of HIV/AIDS (e.g., parental HIV-related illness or death) on children's schooling. Systematic review procedures generated ...
Bhattacharjee Rumpa Biswas - - 2012
The nuclear poly (A) binding protein (PABPN1) is ubiquitous and binds to the nascent mRNA transcript and controls the poly (A) tract elongation process in multicellular organisms. Expansion of GCG repeats which encode first six of the ten alanines of a poly alanine tract at the N-terminus of wild type ...
Capiod Thierry - - 2012
Both increases in the basal cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]cyt) and [Ca2+]cyt transients play a major role in cell cycle progression, cell proliferation and division. Calcium influx and release from endoplasmic reticulum are the major routes involved in the variations in [Ca2+]cyt and past studies have clearly shown that calcium influx ...
Eylert Maike F - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Penile shortening after total prostatectomy has been consistently reported, but most studies are small. BAUS has incorporated penile shortening into their patient information leaflets, but claims it is attributable to an anatomical alteration alone. No other organization even mentions ...
Odegard Timothy N - - 2012
Roughly 26-32% of US veterans, who served in the first Gulf War, report suffering from chronic health problems ( Golomb, 2008 , Proceedings of the National Academies of Science, 105, 4295). The present study investigated the memory deficits reported by these ill Gulf War veterans (GWV) using a face-name associative ...
Phoboo Susanna - - 2012
The crude extract of Swertia chirayita, an important medicinal plant of Nepal, is locally used for many diseases including type 2 diabetes. In this study, crude aqueous and 12% ethanol solution extracts of S. chirayita collected from nine districts of Nepal were analyzed for anti-diabetic-linked anti-hyperglycemia potential using in vitro biochemical ...
Menendez-Castro Carlos - - 2012
Epidemiologic studies revealed an association between intrauterine growth restriction and an increased risk to develop cardiovascular diseases, like atherosclerosis or hypertension, in later life. Whether or not intrauterine growth restriction contributes to the development of atherosclerotic lesions, however, is unclear. We tested the hypothesis that intrauterine growth restriction aggravates experimentally ...
Denis Pablo A - - 2012
The addition of primary, secondary, and tertiary alkyl radicals to single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) was studied by means of dispersion corrected density functional theory. The PBE, B97-D, M06-L, and M06-2X functionals were used. Consideration of Van der Waals interactions is essential to obtain accurate addition energies. In effect, the ...
de Beer Dalene - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Plum skins are a waste product generated during production of plum juice or pulp. Polyphenols, shown to have various health-promoting properties, can be recovered from this waste product. Red-fleshed plum nectar formulations containing plum skin extract in varying amounts were characterised in terms of intensity of sensory attributes, consumer ...
Chen Mu-Hong - - 2012
Abstract A previous survey had shown a high level of psychiatric morbidity among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, but the number of patients that are actually identified as having a psychiatric disorder in the medical service in Taiwan is unknown. Using the claims data of a nationally representative cohort from ...
Cook T M - - 2012
The Department of Health aims to eliminate the use of devices with a Luer connector firstly from 'single shot' neuraxial procedures (April 2012) and subsequently from all neuraxial and regional anaesthesia procedures (April 2013). This initiative is important for all anaesthetists, oncologists, paediatricians and neurologists. Once achieved, non-Luer connectors for ...
Roberts M - - 2012
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: •  The manner in which the arts can contribute and enhance the practical, therapeutic concerns of mental health professionals is becoming well established in the health care literature. •  The aesthetic theory of the Hungarian philosopher Georg Lukács and, in particular, his concept of specific particularity presents the ...
Evjenth Bjørg - - 2012
Introduction:  Exhaled nitric oxide (FE(NO) ) measurements are recommended to be performed before spirometry and exercise challenge tests because forced breathing might influence FE(NO ) values. Information on the effect of exercise on FE(NO) is lacking in non-asthmatic children. Aim:   To investigate the effect on FE(NO) of a standardized ...
Giordano Cristina - - 2012
Purpose  To describe a case of a cat with primary B-cell lymphoma affecting the eye and brain and which shared features similar to oculo-cerebral lymphoma in humans. Methods  A 13-year-old castrated male Persian cat presented with clinical signs of anterior uveitis and increased intraocular pressure (IOP) in the left eye ...
Vermeij Wilbert P - - 2012
Protection against injurious external insults and loss of vital fluids is essential for life and is in all organisms, from bacteria to plants and humans, provided by some form of barrier. Members of the small-proline-rich (SPRR) protein family are major components of the cornified cell envelope (CE), a structure responsible ...
Chareyron Loïc J - - 2012
The amygdala is the central component of a functional brain system regulating fear and emotional behaviors. Studies of the ontogeny of fear behaviors reveal the emergence of distinct fear responses at different postnatal ages. Here, we performed a stereological analysis of the rat amygdala to characterize the cellular changes underlying ...
Eskew Evan A - - 2012
The natural flow regimes of rivers worldwide have been heavily altered through anthropogenic activities, and dams in particular have a pervasive effect on riverine ecosystems. Flow-regulation effects of dams negatively affect species diversity and abundance of a variety of aquatic animals, including invertebrates and fishes. However, the effects on semiaquatic ...
Gutensohn K - - 2012
Objectives: In this study, we compared a classic single-platform (SP) method applying beads for enumeration of CD45+ or CD34+ cells with a new device allowing direct volumetric measurements of stem and progenitor cells. Background: Following apheresis and cyropreservation, the precise enumeration of CD34+ cells as key parameter of graft quality ...
Lee Hanna - - 2012
Abstract Angiotensin II (Ang II)-mediated modification of the redox milieu of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) has been implicated in several pathophysiological processes, including cell proliferation, migration, and differentiation. In this study, we demonstrate that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) δ counteracts Ang II-induced production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) ...
Eisenberg Michael L - - 2012
Anogenital distance (AGD) is a marker for endocrine disruption in animal studies in which decreased male AGD has been associated with testicular dysfunction. The objective of the study was to investigate whether anogenital distance could distinguish men with obstructive azoospermia (OA) from those with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). To accomplish this, ...
McMorrow R C N - - 2012
We present a randomised, controlled, crossover trial of the Caudwell Xtreme Everest (CXE) closed circuit breathing system vs an open circuit and ambient air control in six healthy, hypoxic volunteers at rest and exercise at Everest Base Camp, at 5300 m. Compared with control, arterial oxygen saturations were improved at rest ...
Kabula Bilali - - 2012
Objective  The aim of the study was to monitor the insecticide susceptibility status of malaria vectors in 12 sentinel districts of Tanzania. Methods  WHO standard methods were used to detect knock-down and mortality in the wild female Anopheles mosquitoes collected in sentinel districts. The WHO diagnostic doses of 0.05% deltamethrin, ...
Foti Maria - - 2012
Objective  To describe the bacterial flora present in the normal conjunctiva of donkeys from Sicily (Italy). Animals studied  A total of 46 healthy donkeys housed in 3 locations within the territory of Palermo (Sicily, Italy) were studied. Donkeys ranged from 2 to 13 years of age, with a median age of ...
Banerjee Smita C - - 2012
A narrative experience can partly depend on how a narrative ends or concludes. This study examined prevention effects of personal drug use narratives varying by type of ending and gender of protagonist. Additionally, the role of transportation in the persuasion process, particularly the association between transportation and cocaine use intentions, ...
Barringer B C - - 2012
Many temperate taxa were confined to warmer latitudes during the last glacial maximum. As their ranges expanded when climates warmed, genetic drift and inbreeding in relatively small peripheral populations are expected to have reduced genetic diversity and the segregating genetic load. Therefore, inbreeding depression in peripheral populations might be lower ...
Sandbakken Mari - - 2012
Melanopsins constitute a recently described group of vertebrate opsin photoreceptors, which are involved in non-visual photoreception. Here, we describe the identification of six melanopsin genes of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), a valuable teleost model for studying non-visual photoreception and the basis of photoperiodism. The results show that genes belonging to ...
Davis R - - 2012
Background: Patients should be informed about the risks and benefits of blood transfusion and their consent should be documented. However, this is not routinely practised in the UK, and there have been few studies to investigate patients' and healthcare professionals' attitudes towards this process. Objectives: To investigate patients' and healthcare ...
Leder Steven B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to present our findings on the impact of the Blom tracheotomy tube with speech inner cannula on voice production abilities and speech intelligibility scores of ventilator-dependent patients requiring a fully inflated tracheotomy tube cuff. METHODS: Prospective single group case-series design permitted consecutive accrual ...
Ji Yuhua - - 2012
Schwann cells (SCs) are the principal glial cells of the peripheral nervous system (PNS). As a result of tissue heterogeneity and difficulties in the isolation and culture of primary SCs, a considerable understanding of SC biology is obtained from SC lines. However, the differences between the primary SCs and SC ...
Krysiak-Baltyn K - - 2012
During the past four decades, there has been an increase in the incidence rate of male reproductive disorders in some, but not all, Western countries. The observed increase in the prevalence of male reproductive disorders is suspected to be ascribable to environmental factors as the increase has been too rapid ...
Lewis Amanda L - - 2012
Sialic acids are nine-carbon-backbone sugars that occupy outermost positions on vertebrate cells and secreted sialoglycoproteins. These negatively charged hydrophilic carbohydrates have a variety of biological, biophysical, and immunological functions. Mucosal surfaces and secretions of the mouth, airway, gut, and vagina are especially sialoglycan-rich. Given their prominent positions and important functions, ...
Ding Yubin - - 2012
Cyanide sensing has attracted increasing interest due to its toxicity and wide use in industrial activities. Herein, we developed three colorimetric cyanide sensors by the modification of the α-position of a dipyrrin chromophore with various carbonyl groups, namely, C(6)F(5)CO, C(6)H(5)CO and CHO for , and , respectively. In dichloromethane, these ...
Maggio Federica - - 2012
Objective  The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy, outcome, and complications following penetrating sclerokeratoplasty and frozen homologous corneoscleral grafting for the management of extensive canine epibulbar melanocytomas. Methods  Medical records of canine patients treated at three different veterinary hospitals between 1999 and 2010 were reviewed. Signalment, location ...
Davis R - - 2012
Background: Blood transfusion is one of the major areas where serious clinical consequences, even death, related to patient misidentification can occur. In the UK, healthcare professional compliance with pre-transfusion checking procedures which help to prevent misidentification errors is poor. Involving patients at a number of stages in the transfusion pathway ...
Eiroá Orosa Francisco José - - 2012
This paper presents the results of a systematic review of literature on the psychosocial wellbeing of populations in Central and Eastern Europe during the transition period subsequent to the fall of the Soviet Bloc. A revision of research addressing emotional wellbeing trends in this period and theoretical models was carried ...
Cholez E - - 2012
STAT5 transcription factors are involved in normal B lymphocyte development and in leukemogenesis. We show that the inhibition of STAT5A expression or activity in the NALM6, 697 and Reh leukemic pre-B cell lines, results in a higher spontaneous apoptosis and an increased FAS-induced cell death. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying ...
Saga Linda C - - 2012
This study investigated data obtained from whole blood fatty acid (FA) composition of 3476 Norwegian and Swedish individuals, which provided background information including age, gender, nationality and self-motivated n-3 supplement consumption. The aim of this paper was to statistically relate this background information on the subjects to their whole blood ...
Song Yanshuang - - 2012
One hundred chromate production workers chronically exposed to low-level of hexavalent chromium [Cr(vi)] and eighty healthy individuals free from Cr exposure were recruited to the study. Personal sampling of airborne Cr was conducted and Cr content was quantified by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS). At the end of the sampling ...
Mäkitalo Laura - - 2012
Abstract Objectives. In inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in intestinal tissue damage and regenerative processes. MMP activity is inhibited by tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) and plasma inhibitor, α(2)-macroglobulin (α2M). We evaluated serum MMPs, their inhibitors and markers of neutrophil activity, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and human neutrophil elastase ...
Wubben Maarten J J - - 2012
Pride is associated with both prosocial and antisocial behaviour. Do others also infer such behaviours when pride is expressed and does this affect their own prosocial behaviour? We expected that authentic pride (i.e., confidence, accomplishment) would signal and elicit more prosocial behaviour than hubristic pride (i.e., arrogance, conceit). In a ...
Lamb Diane J - - 2012
Background:  Internalizing and externalizing problem behavior at school can have major consequences for a child and is predictive for disorders later in life. Teacher ratings are important to assess internalizing and externalizing problems at school. Genetic epidemiological studies on teacher-rated problem behavior are relatively scarce and the reported heritability estimates ...
Lee Chan Joo - - 2012
In this study, we demonstrated an effective sample pretreatment microdevice that could perform the capture, purification, and release of pathogenic bacteria with a large-volume sample and at a high speed and high-capture yield. We integrated a sol-gel matrix into the microdevice which forms three-dimensional (3D) micropores for the cell solution ...
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