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Causey Marlin - - 2012
Humanitarian medical care is an essential task of the deployed military health care system. The purpose of this study was to analyze referral acceptance in treating injured local national patients during Operation Enduring Freedom. A prospective observation study of local nationals who were referred for humanitarian trauma care in Afghanistan ...
Mokhtari Maral - - 2012
Hydatid disease is an endemic illness in some countries. The main sites of involvement are the liver and lungs, but rarely,it can be seen in other organs as well. Herein, we report a case of primary adrenal hydatid cyst accompanied by arterial hypertension.
Dzombeta Tihana - - 2012
Angiomyolipomatous hamartoma is a variant of angiomyomatous hamartoma (AMH), a rare nodal smooth muscle proliferation, first identified as a distinct entity by Chan et al. in 1992. To date, several cases have been described, mostly involving inguinal lymph nodes. We present two cases of angiomyolipomatous hamartoma, in a 52-year-old male ...
Tfelt-Hansen Peer - - 2012
Acute migraine treatment is given to abolish ongoing attacks, while prophylactic migraine treatment is given on a daily basis to prevent the occurrence of migraine attacks as far as possible. The majority of migraine patients do not use the specific acute anti-migraine drugs, the triptans. Thus, only 10% (Denmark) to ...
Deharo Jean-Claude - - 2012
To assess long-term outcomes and predictors of mortality in patients treated according to current recommendations for cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infection. Two-group matched cohort study. Tertiary-care institution. Consecutive patients admitted for CIED infection between 2004 and 2008 were prospectively enrolled. Study subjects were matched to a cohort of uninfected ...
Smith Ronald J - - 2012
To develop and assess the validity of an evaluation tool to quantitatively assess the capsulorhexis portion of cataract surgery performed by residents. University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), Department of Ophthalmology, Jules Stein Eye Institute, Los Angeles, California, USA. Masked prospective case series. Ophthalmology faculty members at UCLA were ...
Iskender Cantekin - - 2012
Congenital diaphragmatic eventration (CDE) is a rare diaphragmatic abnormality. Clinical manifestations of CDE may mimic congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Prenatal differential diagnosis of eventration is critical because postnatal managing and prognosis of these conditions vary significantly. Sonographic features of CDE involve presence of abdominal organs in the thorax, shift of cardiac ...
Canzonieri Vincenzo - - 2012
Diagnostic and prognostic implications of endocrine differentiation were evaluated in 103 common gastric adenocarcinomas and undifferentiated carcinomas. Maturely differentiated exocrine and endocrine phenotypes were evaluated by using gastric exocrine and endocrine markers along with intestinal exocrine and endocrine markers. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that 66 tumors (64%) were positive for generic ...
Bennet Laura - - 2012
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury remains a major cause of cerebral palsy. Although therapeutic hypothermia is now established to improve recovery from hypoxia-ischemia (HI) at term, many infants continue to survive with disability, and hypothermia has not yet been tested in preterm infants. There is increasing evidence from in vitro and ...
Farahvash M Reza - - 2012
Understanding the anatomy of nasal cartilage, which varies by ethnic group, is important for surgical correction of nasal tip deformities. The authors measure the size and shape of the lower lateral cartilages (LLC) in Persian cadavers to provide summary guidelines. A total of 72 cartilage dissections were performed on 36 ...
Kwon Jennie H - - 2012
Reducing health care-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) is a National Patient Safety Goal. The purpose of this investigation was to establish a colony count threshold to predict clinically significant UTIs that develop in hospitalized patients. A total of 185 cases were reviewed sequentially by 2 physicians. The information extracted included ...
Nikseresht Sara - - 2012
Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately half of new mothers. Chronic exposure to progesterone during pregnancy and its withdrawal following delivery increases depression and anxiety. In addition, there are complex interactions between hormones, neurotransmitters, and trace elements. Zinc (Zn) and magnesium (Mg) influence the nervous system by impacting synaptic neurotransmission in ...
Chen Chien-Chang - - 2012
We developed a modular branched stent-graft system to test whether it is feasible for sutureless anastomoses in extensive aortic arch replacement. Extensive aortic arch replacement was performed using the three-branched stent-graft system in eight pigs. Under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, sutureless anastomoses were established at the distal aortic arch and ...
Sesti Fabiola - - 2012
At the cellular level, free radicals are tightly controlled by an inducible antioxidant program, since at low non-hazardous amounts they contribute to physiological signalling and homeostasis. However, high levels of oxidative stress promote the accumulation of damaged biomolecules, the impairment of cell signalling pathways and the increase of oncogenic hits. ...
Wu Jau-Ching - - 2012
Few studies associate ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (VPS) in children with higher incidence of inguinal hernia (IH). These institutional-based data have small numbers and provided little information about the effects of age and sex. This study aims to examine the incidences and risk factors of IH in children with hydrocephalus treated with ...
Powell M R - - 2012
Parents often regard obstetric professionals as an important source of information regarding prematurity. However, there is no information regarding the readiness of these obstetric professionals to inform expectant parents of the potential outcomes of premature infants. Using a self-report questionnaire, we determined the knowledge of obstetric professionals regarding outcomes of ...
Asplen Mark K - - 2012
The concept of a trade-off has long played a prominent role in understanding the evolution of organismal interactions such as mutualism, parasitism, and competition. Given the complexity inherent to interactions between different evolutionary entities, ecological factors may especially limit the power of trade-off models to predict evolutionary change. Here, we ...
Lavalle Gleidice Eunice - - 2012
Surgery remains the treatment of choice for female dogs with mammary gland tumors. Chemotherapy is not commonly used as an adjuvant therapy. Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) has been related to angiogenesis development in tumors, disease progression and worse prognosis. The aim of this prospective study was to compare overall survival periods ...
Vasavada Abhay R - - 2012
To report the intraoperative performance and postoperative outcomes in eyes with anterior persistent fetal vasculature (PFV). Iladevi Cataract & IOL Research Centre, India, and Filatov Institute Odessa, Ukraine. Prospective interventional case series. Eyes with anterior PFV had surgery using a standardized surgical technique. Plaque peeling was used for small plaques ...
Slotte Tanja - - 2012
The transition from outcrossing to predominant self-fertilization is one of the most common evolutionary transitions in flowering plants. This shift is often accompanied by a suite of changes in floral and reproductive characters termed the selfing syndrome. Here, we characterize the genetic architecture and evolutionary forces underlying evolution of the ...
Iliyasu Z - - 2012
Female genital cutting (FGC) is a harmful cultural practice that is perpetrated against women and children. Little is known about the extent of this custom among university students in northern Nigeria. Using self-administered questionnaires, we studied the prevalence and determinants of FGC among female university students in Kano, Nigeria (n ...
Koga Hiroshi - - 2012
X-linked myotubular myopathy is a severe congenital myopathy that can involve multiple organs. We report on a 10-month-old boy who manifested X-linked myotubular myopathy with subdural hemorrhage. The diagnosis of X-linked myotubular myopathy was based on typical muscle pathology and MTM1 missense mutation. The patient had undergone no traumatic episodes ...
Houkes Wybo - - 2012
A deflationary perspective on theories of cultural evolution, in particular dual-inheritance theory, has recently been proposed by Lewens. On this 'pop-culture' analysis, dual-inheritance theorists apply population thinking to cultural phenomena, without claiming that cultural items evolve by natural selection. This paper argues against this pop-culture analysis of dual-inheritance theory. First, ...
Copple Susan S - - 2012
We evaluated 5 commercially available HEp-2 antinuclear antibody (ANA) indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) assays using patient serum samples from 45 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, 50 with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), 35 with scleroderma, 20 with Sjögren syndrome, 10 with polymyositis, and 100 healthy control subjects. In addition, 12 defined serum ...
Vaughan D - - 2012
The objective of our study was to document the efficacy and possible complications in women who were treated for menorrhagia with the simultaneous use of endometrial ablation and the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device. Women were offered this combined treatment if they complained of menorrhagia and needed contraception. A structured questionnaire was ...
- - 2012
A short-cut review was carried out to establish the sensitivity and specificity of CRP as a tool for diagnosing bacteraemia. Three studies were directly relevant to the question. The author, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes, results and study weaknesses of these papers are ...
- - 2012
A short-cut review was carried out to establish whether ambulatory patients immobilized in an above knee plaster of paris cast and administered with a prophylactic dose anticoagulation with low molecular weight heparin; LMWH can benefit from a reduced risk of venous thromboembolism within the next 90 days. One randomised controlled ...
Enriquez M - - 2012
This paper reports the experience of 150 B-Lynch suture applications for the management of uterine atony during caesarean section that did not respond to conventional therapeutical measures. Technique was considered effective if the need for hysterectomy was avoided. High-risk antenatal obstetrical conditions included: pre-eclampsia (12%), oligohydramnios (8%), polyhydramnios (4.7%). A ...
Momenan Amir Abbas - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Persian translation of the Modifiable Activity Questionnaire (MAQ) in a sample of adults from Tehran, Iran. There were 48 adults (53.1% males) enrolled to test the physical activity questionnaire. A sub-sample included 33 participants (45.5% males) ...
Karamchandani Jason R - - 2012
IgG4-related sclerosing disease has been described in the orbit and ocular adnexa. Of 164 biopsies of the ocular region for suspected lymphoma, we identified 6 cases of IgG4 disease, 4 of which were previously unrecognized. All 6 cases demonstrated increased plasma cells in a background of sclerosis and increased absolute ...
Sambu Nalyaka - - 2012
Previous studies have demonstrated significant heterogeneity in responses to antiplatelet therapy (APT), and high residual platelet reactivity is associated with the risk of ischaemic events, including stent thrombosis (ST). The prevalence of APT hyporesponsiveness in a 'real world' registry of ST patients and the feasibility of personalising APT are reported. ...
Menassa Nardine - - 2012
To assess the effect of intrastromal femtosecond laser presbyopia treatment on uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA) and corneal integrity over an 18-month period. Department of Ophthalmology, International Vision Correction Research Centre, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Clinical trial. The UNVA (at 40 cm), corneal pachymetry, and true net power were ...
Carter Preston L - - 2012
Robert E. McKechnie, M.D.C.M. (1861-1944), was a distinguished graduate of McGill Medical School and a pioneer in the early days of surgery in Vancouver, Canada. He was a long-standing Canadian leader in both clinical and academic surgery. In addition, he played an important role in the founding of the University ...
Friedrich Reinhard E - - 2012
The nasolabial cyst is a rare, usually unilateral lesion arising in the soft tissues adjacent to the alveolar process of the anterior maxilla, above the apices of frontal teeth and below the alar base. The typical clinical features of nasolabial cysts are: swelling between the upper lip and nasal aperture ...
Muto Manabu - - 2012
There is no effective treatment for gastroesophageal anastomotic strictures that are refractory to repeated endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD). However, EBD is still selected worldwide to manage such refractory strictures. To relieve the symptoms of dysphagia and keep a wide lumen, we developed a new incisional treatment, radial incision and cutting ...
Alvarez Beatriz - - 2012
Several clinical and epidemiological studies describe hyperhomocysteinemia as an independent cardiovascular risk factor. Implication of cellular immunity in atherosclerosis also seems clear. This study aimed to analyze the association among plasma hyperhomocysteinemia, neurological clinical events, and the morphology and immunocytology of carotid plaques in patients with carotid stenosis >70% receiving ...
Elbaz Moran - - 2012
Lamininα2-deficient congenital muscular dystrophy type 1A (MDC1A) is a cureless disease associated with severe disability and shortened lifespan. Previous studies have shown reduced fibrosis and restored skeletal muscle remodeling following treatment with losartan, an angiotensin II type I receptor blocker. We therefore evaluated the effect of losartan treatment in the ...
Paiotti Ana Paula Ribeiro - - 2012
The nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been widely used in the management of pain and inflammation. Unfortunately, they are associated with dose-dependent gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events ranging from dyspepsia to symptomatic and complicated ulcers. The mechanism of NSAID action is attributed to the cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition. New anti-inflammatory drugs have ...
Parker Jack - - 2012
To determine the clinical outcomes of isolated Descemet membrane transplantation (ie, Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty [DMEK]) in phakic eyes. Tertiary referral center. Cohort study. Phakic eyes from a larger group of consecutive eyes that had DMEK for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy were examined. The examination included corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), subjective ...
Khan Umar Daraz - - 2012
Secondary or revision surgery following primary augmentation mammaplasty is common. There are several published studies on the incidence and prevention of infection after primary augmentation mammaplasty, but there is a paucity of information on the incidence of periprosthetic infection after secondary or revision augmentation mammaplasty procedures. The author evaluates the ...
Tomassini G M - - 2012
Aim: The repair of an eyelid-wide full-thickness defect is a challenging procedure, mostly for the tarso-conjunctival layer reconstruction. The Authors illustrate their own experience in reconstructing eyelid-wide defects with a composite venous wall and skin graft to repair both neoplastic and post-traumatic injuries, aiming to reach both functionally and cosmetically ...
Yeniel A Ö - - 2012
Abstract We aimed to test the hypothesis that 1st trimester high body iron status is associated with a high positive 50 g oral glucose tolerance test. In this study, 29 pregnant women with positive 50 g oral glucose tolerance test were compared with 94 negative 50 g OGTT patients as ...
Enriquez Miriam L - - 2012
The columnar cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CCV-PTC) is a rare subtype of PTC that exhibits morphologic features often described as reminiscent of secretory endometrium or colonic adenomas/adenocarcinomas. CDX2, a nuclear transcription factor, is important for intestinal development. It is normally expressed in intestinal epithelium and is also detected ...
Komori Mika - - 2012
To use a new, unbiased biomarker discovery strategy to obtain and assess proteomic data from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS)-related disorders. CSF protein profiles were analyzed from 107 patients with either MS-related disorders (including relapsing remitting MS [RRMS], primary progressive MS [PPMS], anti-aquaporin4 antibody seropositive-neuromyelitis optica ...
Kwong Karen L - - 2012
This study investigated the prescribing patterns of antiepileptic drugs, especially the uptake of newer drugs, among children and adolescents in Hong Kong. Data were retrieved from the Clinical Data Analysis and Reporting System. Children aged 0-19 years who received at least one prescription of anticonvulsants were selected. The study period ...
Cushman William C - - 2012
Home blood pressure (BP) monitoring may enhance assessment of BP control. In this 16-week study, men and women 70 years or older with systolic BP between 150 and 200 mm Hg were randomized to receive valsartan/hydrochlorothiazide (V/HCTZ) 160/12.5 mg (n = 128), HCTZ 12.5 mg (n = 128), or V 160 ...
Ray S - - 2012
Summary: Female sterilisation is the world's most popular contraceptive method. With present advances in contraceptive technology, surgical contraception seems to be the most popular and safest method of fertility control all over the world. The advent of laparoscopy has made the procedure easier in developed countries but not so widely ...
Nikolic Dimitrije M - - 2012
Juvenile myasthenia gravis is an acquired, autoimmune disease occurring before age 16 years. Thymoma is exceedingly rare in children, especially in association with juvenile myasthenia gravis. We describe a 14-year-old boy with juvenile myasthenia gravis and thymoma. He presented with difficulties chewing and swallowing, nasal speech, and fluctuating weakness of ...
Huppmann Alison R - - 2012
Staging and monitoring of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) includes examination of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). At our institution, we noted an increased incidence of low-level leukemic blasts in CSF samples from patients with ALL. This increase coincided with a conversion from the Shandon CytoSpin 4 (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Waltham, ...
Afshar Ahmadreza - - 2012
On January 9, 2011 Iran Air Flight 277 crashed during approach to Urmia, Iran. Out of 105 passengers, 27 survived. This brief report presents a perspective of the passengers' sustained injuries. We reviewed the recorded injuries of all passengers as provided by the Legal Medicine Organization authorities. The Injury Severity ...
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