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Anshu Arundhati - - 2012
Endothelial keratoplasty (EK) is continually evolving both in surgical technique and clinical outcomes. Descemet's stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) has replaced penetrating keratoplasty (PK) as the treatment of choice for corneal endothelial dysfunction. It is safe and predictable and offers early visual rehabilitation. Newer iterations include Descemet's membrane endothelial keratoplasty, Descemet's ...
Ebben William P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Ebben, WP, and Suchomel, TJ. Physical demands, injuries, and conditioning practices of stock car drivers. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1188-1198, 2012-The purpose of this study was to assess the physical demands, injuries, and conditioning practices of stock car drivers. Forty stock car drivers from 27 states in the ...
Morgan Sherry - - 2012
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) comprises a multitude of disciplines, for example, acupuncture, ayurvedic medicine, biofeedback, herbal medicine, and homeopathic medicine. While research on CAM interventions has increased and the CAM literature has proliferated since the mid-1990s, a number of our colleagues have expressed difficulties in deciding where to publish ...
Armbrust Laura J - - 2012
Objective-To compare the detection of pulmonary nodules by use of 3-view thoracic radiography and CT in dogs with confirmed neoplasia. Design-Prospective case series. Animals-33 dogs of various breeds. Procedures-3 interpreters independently evaluated 3-view thoracic radiography images. The location and size of pulmonary nodules were recorded. Computed tomographic scans of the ...
Arantes-Rodrigues Regina - - 2012
Oral gavage is a widely used method for administering substances to animals in pharmacological and toxicological studies. The authors evaluated whether oral gavage causes behavioral indicators of stress, increased mortality rate, alterations in food and water consumption and body weight or histological lesions in CD-1 mice. Gavage was carried out ...
Strout Kelley - - 2012
This article highlights the gap between wellness in nursing practice and the mission statement of the Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing Report. It explores wellness from 3 philosophical arguments, provides a historical evolution of wellness, and explores nurses' current understanding of wellness. Future directions for implementing wellness in nursing ...
Hachana Younes - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Hachana, Y, Attia, A, Nassib, S, Shephard, RJ, and Chelly, MS. Test-retest reliability, criterion-related validity, and minimal detectable change of score on an abbreviated Wingate test for field sport participants. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1324-1330, 2012-Repeat measurements in 69 young adults were performed to assess the test-retest reliability ...
Mamede Sílvia - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 464-472 Objectives  Developing diagnostic competence in students is a major goal of medical education, but there is little empirical evidence on instructional strategies that foster the acquisition of this competence. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of structured reflection compared with the ...
Simão Roberto - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Simão, R, Spineti, J, de Salles, BF, Matta, T, Fernandes, L, Fleck, SJ, Rhea, MR, and Strom-Olsen, HE. Comparison between nonlinear and linear periodized resistance training: hypertrophic and strength effects. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1389-1395, 2012-The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nonlinear periodized ...
Jaramillo Lorenza María - - 2012
The use of Lewis rats in embryonic tissue transplantation experiments can present a challenge because of the fertility problems associated with this strain. The authors used estrous cycle phase determination to time pairings of reproductively active females and males in order to increase the likelihood that mating would occur. During ...
Fleming Kirsten E - - 2012
Scleromyxedema is a generalized form of lichen myxedematosus which is characterized by a papular and sclerodermoid skin eruption resulting from dermal fibroblast proliferation and mucin deposition. The majority of patients with scleromyxedema have a monoclonal gammopathy, and other systemic manifestations are common. Herein we describe a case of the 'dermato-neuro ...
Sanchez-Vaznaugh Emma V - - 2012
Physical education policies have received increased attention as a means for improving physical activity levels, enhancing physical fitness, and contributing to childhood obesity prevention. Although compliance at the school and district levels is likely to be critical for the success of physical education policies, few published studies have focused on ...
Greene Carol - - 2012
Multiple stressors are affecting the mental and physical health of entire populations. In this pilot study, the experience of a guided imagery presentation through the Internet reduced stress in a convenience sample of 29 adult participants as evidenced by a self-reported single-item rating scale question administered pre- and postintervention. Demographics ...
Richardson Kristy L - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Richardson, KL, Coburn, JW, Beam, WC, and Brown, LE. Effects of isocaloric carbohydrate vs. carbohydrate-protein supplements on cycling time to exhaustion. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1361-1365, 2012-The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of isocaloric carbohydrate (CHO) and carbohydrate-protein (CHO-Pro) supplements on time to exhaustion. ...
Go Pauline H - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 491-500 Objectives  This study sought to evaluate the practices and perceptions of US residency programme directors (PDs) and residency applicants with reference to the use of social media and Internet resources in the resident doctor selection process. Methods  A survey was distributed via e-mail (SurveyMonkey(®) ) ...
Thoeny Harriet C - - 2012
Diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has a large number of potential clinical applications in the female and male pelvis and can easily be added to any routine MR protocol. In the female pelvis, DW imaging allows improvement of staging in endometrial and cervical cancer, especially in locally advanced disease ...
Godden Jon - - 2012
Patient safety and cost-control benefits achieved through a medical center's conversion to commercial fluids for continuous renal-replacement therapy (CRRT) are described. In keeping with national patient safety recommendations, a medical center undertook a quality-improvement initiative to increase the standardization of CRRT fluids and associated patient care practices. After a feasibility ...
Watson Linda C - - 2012
Standard skin care instructions regarding the use of antiperspirants during radiotherapy to the breast varies across North America. Women have articulated that when instructed to not use antiperspirant, the potential for body odor is distressing. Historical practices and individual opinions have often guided practice in this field. The present study ...
Goh Carolyn - - 2012
Linear scleroderma en coup de sabre ('the stroke of the sword') is an uncommon form of morphea with onset typically in childhood or adolescence. Involvement is usually located on the paramedian forehead and is associated with alopecia. It is microscopically indistinguishable from other forms of scleroderma. We present a 51-year-old ...
Moorthy Ramana S - - 2012
The nontuberculous (also called "atypical") mycobacteria have become increasingly important causes of systemic as well as ocular morbidity in recent decades. All ocular tissues can become infected with these organisms, particularly in patients who are predisposed following ocular trauma, surgery, use of corticosteroids, or are immunocompromised. Because of their relative ...
Ebben William P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Ebben, WP, Garceau, LR, Wurm, BJ, Suchomel, TJ, Duran, K, and Petushek, EJ. The optimal back squat load for potential osteogenesis. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1232-1237, 2012-The osteogenic potential of exercise is reported to be partially a function of the magnitude of training loads. This study evaluated the ...
Wang Y Claire - - 2012
The federal government has set measurable goals for reducing childhood obesity to 5% by 2010 (Healthy People 2010), and 10% lower than 2005-2008 levels by 2020 (Healthy People 2020). However, population-level estimates of the changes in daily energy balance needed to reach these goals are lacking. To estimate needed per ...
Nofal Ahmad - - 2012
Background  Hydroxyurea-induced dermatomyositis is a rare adverse reaction of long-term hydroxyurea therapy. It has been reported under different names; however, the exact classification and nomenclature of this eruption have been the subject of much debate, and a more precise term is still awaiting. Herein, we review the different aspects of ...
Cleland Jennifer - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 473-484 Objectives  Little is known about the relationship between the career preferences of medical students and the medical schools at which they are enrolled. Our aim was to explore this relationship early in students' medical training. Methods  Year 1 (2009-2010) medical students at the five Scottish medical ...
- - 2012
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends collaborative care for management of depressive disorders, based on strong evidence of effectiveness in improving depression symptoms, adherence to treatment, response to treatment, and remission and recovery from depression.
Ikeda Yusuke - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Ikeda, Y, Jinji, T, Matsubayashi, T, Matsuo, A, Inagaki, E, Takemata, T, and Kikuta, M. Comparison of the snatch technique for female weightlifters at the 2008 Asian Championships. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1281-1295, 2012-The purpose of this study was to compare the snatch techniques of Japanese and international ...
Erbas B - - 2012
Few studies have focused on the role of grass pollen on asthma emergency department (ED) presentations among children. None have examined whether a dose-response effect exists between grass pollen levels and these asthma exacerbations. To examine the association between increasing ambient levels of grass pollen and asthma ED presentations in ...
Vourvahis Manoli - - 2012
: Lersivirine (UK-453,061) is a next-generation nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, active against wild-type HIV-1 and several nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-resistant strains. Four studies evaluated the pharmacokinetic (PK) interactions between lersivirine and various HIV-1 protease inhibitors. : Four phase I trials were conducted to assess the PK of lersivirine when coadministered ...
Boothe Dawn Merton - - 2012
Objective-To compare efficacy and safety of treatment with phenobarbital or bromide as the first-choice antiepileptic drug (AED) in dogs. Design-Double-blinded, randomized, parallel, clinical trial. Animals-46 AED-naïve dogs with naturally occurring epilepsy. Procedures-Study inclusion was based on age, history, findings on physical and neurologic examinations, and clinicopathologic test results. For either ...
Bennetzen Martin V - - 2012
Macroautophagy is a self-cannibalistic process that enables cells to adapt to various stresses and maintain energy homeostasis. Additionally, autophagy is an important route for turnover of misfolded proteins and damaged organelles, with important implications in cancer, neurodegenerative diseases and aging. Resveratrol and spermidine are able to induce autophagy by affecting ...
Kang Khong Bee - - 2012
We compared radiosensitivity of brain tumor stem cells (BTSCs) with matched nonstem glioma cells, and determined whether gefitinib enhanced BTSC radiosensitivity by inhibiting epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-Akt-DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) signaling, followed by enhanced DNA double-stand breaks (DSBs) and inhibition of DSB repair. Radiosensitivity of stem-like gliomaspheres and nonstem ...
Moretti Jared D - - 2012
Four mixtures of four fluorous-tagged quasiisomers have been synthesized, demixed, and detagged to make all 16 stereoisomers of the macrocyclic lactone natural product Sch725674. A new bare-minimum tagging pattern needs only two tags--one fluorous and one nonfluorous--to encode four isomers. The structure of Sch725674 is assigned as (5R,6S,8R,14R,E)-5,6,8-trihydroxy-14-pentyloxacyclotetradec-3-en-2-one. Various comparisons ...
van Leeuwen Ingeborg M M - - 2012
Pharmacological activation of wild-type p53 has been found to protect normal cells in culture from cytotoxicity and nuclear aberrations caused by conventional cancer therapeutics. Hence, small-molecule p53 activators could have clinical benefits as chemoprotectants for cancer patients bearing p53-mutant tumors. We have evaluated 16 p53-based cyclotherapy regimes combining p53 activators ...
Hassouneh Wafa - - 2012
We report herein the unexpected temperature triggered self-assembly of proteins fused to thermally responsive elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) into spherical micelles. A set of six ELP block copolymers (ELP(BC)) differing in hydrophilic and hydrophobic block lengths were genetically fused to two single domain proteins, thioredoxin (Trx) and a fibronectin type III ...
Ye Jin - - 2012
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects 3% of the world population and is the leading cause of liver failure in the United States. A unique feature of HCV is that the viral particles are integral to very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-derived lipoprotein particles. The virus is assembled into VLDL in hepatocytes and ...
Cacciò Simone M - - 2012
Dientamoeba fragilis is a common intestinal parasite in humans. Transmission routes and natural host range are unknown. To determine whether pigs are hosts, we analyzed 152 fecal samples by microscopy and molecular methods. We confirmed that pigs are a natural host and harbor genotypes found in humans, suggesting zoonotic potential.
Nagata Naoyoshi - - 2012
We determined yearly change in prevalence and risk factors for amebic colitis caused by intestinal invasive amebiasis among persons who underwent endoscopy and assessed differences between HIV-positive and HIV-negative persons in Japan. A total of 10,930 patients were selected for analysis, of whom 54 had amebic colitis. Prevalence was in ...
Kute Vivek B - - 2012
Plasmodium vivax is causing increasingly more cases of severe malaria worldwide. Among 25 cases in India during 2010-2011, associated conditions were renal failure, thrombocytopenia, jaundice, severe anemia, acute respiratory distress syndrome, shock, cerebral malaria, hypoglycemia, and death. Further studies are needed to determine why P. vivax malaria is becoming more ...
Matsushima Yuki - - 2012
We report a novel human adenovirus D (HAdV-65) isolated from feces of 4 children in Bangladesh who had acute gastroenteritis. Corresponding genes of HAdV-65 were related to a hexon gene of HAdV-10, penton base genes of HAdV-37 and HAdV-58, and a fiber gene of HAdV-9. This novel virus may be ...
Oishi Tomohiro - - 2012
We describe a case of rhabdomyolysis in a patient infected with antimicrobial drug-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae The patient's acute-phase serum levels of interleukin-18 and tumor necrosis factor-α were high, which suggests a pathogenic role for M. pneumoniae. In an era of increasing antimicrobial drug resistance, a system for rapidly identifying resistant ...
Yusof Mohd Apandi - - 2012
In March 2011, an outbreak of acute respiratory disease was reported at the Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) Police Training Centre. Approximately 100 trainees were hospitalized and 5 were admitted to the intensive care unit. Three of these 5 trainees died. Human adenovirus type 7 was identified as the etiologic agent.
Pérez-Ruiz Mercedes - - 2012
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) was detected in 2 patients with acute meningitis in southern Spain within a 3-year period. Although the prevalence of LCMV infection was low (2 [1.3%] of 159 meningitis patients), it represents 2.9% of all pathogens detected. LCMV is a noteworthy agent of neurologic illness in immunocompetent ...
Yu Hongjie - - 2012
Pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 virus spread rapidly around the world in 2009. We used multiple data sources from surveillance systems and specific investigations to characterize the transmission patterns of this virus in China during May-November 2009 and analyze the effectiveness of border entry screening and holiday-related school closures on ...
Petersen Randi Føns - - 2012
We used multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis and multiple antigen sequence typing to characterize isolates of Bordetella pertussis strains circulating in Denmark during periods with and without pertussis vaccination coverage. Our results show substantial shifts in the B. pertussis population over time and a reduction in genetic diversity. These changes ...
Hale Michael J - - 2012
Entry screening for influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 at Auckland International Airport, New Zealand, detected 4 cases, which were later confirmed, among 456,518 passengers arriving April 27-June 22, 2009. On the basis of national influenza surveillance data, which suggest that ≈69 infected travelers passed through the airport, sensitivity for screening was only 5.8%.
Pas Suzan D - - 2012
We screened 1,200 living heart, lung, liver, and kidney transplant recipients for hepatitis E virus infection by reverse transcription PCR. In 12 (1%) patients, hepatitis E virus infection was identified; in 11 patients, chronic infection developed. This immunocompromised population is at risk for hepatitis E virus infection.
Frost Melinda J - - 2012
To determine the cause of an unprecedented outbreak of encephalitis among horses in New South Wales, Australia, in 2011, we performed genomic sequencing of viruses isolated from affected horses and mosquitoes. Results showed that most of the cases were caused by a variant West Nile virus (WNV) strain, WNV(NSW2011), that ...
Mahmud Salaheddin M - - 2012
We conducted a population-based study in Manitoba, Canada, to investigate whether use of inactivated trivalent influenza vaccine (TIV) during the 2008-09 influenza season was associated with subsequent infection with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus during the first wave of the 2009 pandemic. Data were obtained from a provincewide population-based immunization registry and ...
Xiang Zichun - - 2012
During August 2006-April 2010, in Beijing, China, 2 rare human enterovirus serotypes, coxsackievirus A21 and enterovirus 68, were detected most frequently in human enterovirus-positive adults with acute respiratory tract infections. Thus, during some years, these 2 viruses cause a substantial proportion of enterovirus-associated adult acute respiratory tract infections.
Martin Erika G - - 2012
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, more commonly known as health reform, is designed to expand health coverage to 32 million uninsured Americans by 2019 and makes significant changes to public and private health insurance systems that will affect providers of HIV care. We review the major features of ...
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