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Nagata Naoyoshi - - 2012
We determined yearly change in prevalence and risk factors for amebic colitis caused by intestinal invasive amebiasis among persons who underwent endoscopy and assessed differences between HIV-positive and HIV-negative persons in Japan. A total of 10,930 patients were selected for analysis, of whom 54 had amebic colitis. Prevalence was in ...
Losnegard Thomas - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Losnegard, T, Myklebust, H, and Hallén, J. No differences in O2-cost between V1 and V2 skating techniques during treadmill roller skiing at moderate to steep inclines. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1340-1347, 2012-Elite crosscountry skiers use both the V1 and V2 techniques on moderate and steep inclines despite previous ...
Hale Michael J - - 2012
Entry screening for influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 at Auckland International Airport, New Zealand, detected 4 cases, which were later confirmed, among 456,518 passengers arriving April 27-June 22, 2009. On the basis of national influenza surveillance data, which suggest that ≈69 infected travelers passed through the airport, sensitivity for screening was only 5.8%.
Homans James J Maternal, Child and Adolescent Center for Infectious Diseases and Virology, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Disease, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA. USA. - - 2012
Cervicovaginal HIV level (CV-VL) influences HIV transmission. Plasma viral load (PVL) correlates with CV-VL, but discordance is frequent. We evaluated how PVL, behavioral, immunological, and local factors/conditions individually and collectively correlate with CV-VL. CV-VL was measured in the cervicovaginal lavage fluid (CVL) of 481 HIV-infected women over 976 person-visits in ...
Allegretti Ana Luiza - - 2012
There is a high incidence of pressure ulcers (PrUs) during long hours of surgery. Interface pressure and temperature are considered risk factors for PrU development. The objective of this study was to determine a methodology to measure interface pressure and temperature during long hours of surgery consistently. Five patients undergoing ...
Shuval Kerem - - 2012
Studies have found that higher levels of cardiorespiratory fitness and light to moderate alcohol intake reduce the risk for premature death. Scant evidence, however, exists assessing the joint effects of both measures on all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. This study aims to examine the independent and joint effects of ...
Schöttner Konrad - - 2012
In Djungarian hamsters (Phodopus sungorus) bred at the authors' institute, a certain number of animals show activity patterns incompatible with proper entrainment of their endogenous circadian pacemaker to the environmental light-dark (LD) cycle. Even though the activity-offset in these animals is stably coupled to "light-on," activity-onset is increasingly delayed, leading ...
Cristina Cantú-Salinas - - 2012
Background  Alopecia areata (AA) is a chronic inflammatory condition characterized by hair loss, most frequently from the scalp. Its etiopathogenesis is currently unknown, but inflammatory traits and associations with autoimmune diseases suggest that AA shares a similar origin. The tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) gene, located on chromosome 6 within ...
Godden Jon - - 2012
Patient safety and cost-control benefits achieved through a medical center's conversion to commercial fluids for continuous renal-replacement therapy (CRRT) are described. In keeping with national patient safety recommendations, a medical center undertook a quality-improvement initiative to increase the standardization of CRRT fluids and associated patient care practices. After a feasibility ...
Vargas M C - - 2012
Cavernous haemangiomas arising in the paranasal sinuses are very rare. Even though the lesion is benign in nature, its imaging features are non-specific, leading to an incorrect pre-operative diagnosis in most patients. We present a case of a maxillary sinus cavernous haemangioma in a young male. The clinical presentation and ...
Watson Linda C - - 2012
Standard skin care instructions regarding the use of antiperspirants during radiotherapy to the breast varies across North America. Women have articulated that when instructed to not use antiperspirant, the potential for body odor is distressing. Historical practices and individual opinions have often guided practice in this field. The present study ...
Goh Carolyn - - 2012
Linear scleroderma en coup de sabre ('the stroke of the sword') is an uncommon form of morphea with onset typically in childhood or adolescence. Involvement is usually located on the paramedian forehead and is associated with alopecia. It is microscopically indistinguishable from other forms of scleroderma. We present a 51-year-old ...
Jenkins Marc K MK Department of Microbiology, Center for Immunology, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. - - 2012
Recent advances in technology have led to the realization that the populations of naive T cells specific for different foreign peptide:MHC (p:MHC) ligands vary in size. This variability is due, in part, to the fact that certain peptides contain amino acids that engage in particularly favorable interactions with TCRs. In ...
Moorthy Ramana S - - 2012
The nontuberculous (also called "atypical") mycobacteria have become increasingly important causes of systemic as well as ocular morbidity in recent decades. All ocular tissues can become infected with these organisms, particularly in patients who are predisposed following ocular trauma, surgery, use of corticosteroids, or are immunocompromised. Because of their relative ...
Ebben William P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Ebben, WP, Garceau, LR, Wurm, BJ, Suchomel, TJ, Duran, K, and Petushek, EJ. The optimal back squat load for potential osteogenesis. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1232-1237, 2012-The osteogenic potential of exercise is reported to be partially a function of the magnitude of training loads. This study evaluated the ...
Haskell William L WL Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA. - - 2012
The focus of the PhenX (Phenotypes and eXposures) Toolkit is to provide researchers whose expertise lies outside a particular area with key measures identified by experts for uniform use in large-scale genetic studies and other extensive epidemiologic efforts going forward. The current paper specifically addresses the PhenX Toolkit research domain ...
Wall Melanie M MM Department of Biostatistics, Columbia University, New York 10032, USA. - - 2012
Few studies have addressed the potential influence of neighborhood characteristics on adolescent obesity risk, and findings have been inconsistent. Identify patterns among neighborhood food, physical activity, street/transportation, and socioeconomic characteristics and examine their associations with adolescent weight status using three statistical approaches. Anthropometric measures were taken on 2682 adolescents (53% ...
Calvignac-Spencer Sébastien - - 2012
Simian T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (STLV-1) strains occasionally infect humans. However, the frequency of such infections is unknown. We show that direct transmission of STLV-1 from nonhuman primates to humans may be responsible for a substantial proportion of human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 infections in rural Côte d'Ivoire, where primate ...
Schank Jesse R - - 2012
The role of kappa-opioid receptors (KOR) in the regulation of alcohol-related behaviors is not completely understood. For example, alcohol consumption has been reported to increase following treatment with KOR antagonists in rats, but was decreased in mice with genetic deletion of KOR. Recent studies have further suggested that KOR antagonists ...
Frost Melinda J - - 2012
To determine the cause of an unprecedented outbreak of encephalitis among horses in New South Wales, Australia, in 2011, we performed genomic sequencing of viruses isolated from affected horses and mosquitoes. Results showed that most of the cases were caused by a variant West Nile virus (WNV) strain, WNV(NSW2011), that ...
Comfort Paul - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Comfort, P, Udall, R, and Jones, PA. The effect of loading on kinematic and kinetic variables during the midthigh clean pull. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1208-1214, 2012-The ability to develop high levels of muscular power is considered a fundamental component for many different sporting activities; however, the load ...
Shimizu Kazuhiro - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Shimizu, K, Suzuki, N, Nakamura, M, Aizawa, K, Imai, T, Suzuki, S, Eda, N, Hanaoka, Y, Nakao, K, Suzuki, N, Mesaki, N, Kono, I, and Akama, T. Mucosal immune function comparison between amenorrheic and eumenorrheic distance runners. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1402-1406, 2012-This study examined the effects of ...
Yusof Mohd Apandi - - 2012
In March 2011, an outbreak of acute respiratory disease was reported at the Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) Police Training Centre. Approximately 100 trainees were hospitalized and 5 were admitted to the intensive care unit. Three of these 5 trainees died. Human adenovirus type 7 was identified as the etiologic agent.
Ramis Antonio J - - 2012
Patterns of virus attachment to the respiratory tract of 4 marine mammal species were determined for avian and human influenza viruses. Attachment of avian influenza A viruses (H4N5) and (H7N7) and human influenza B viruses to trachea and bronchi of harbor seals is consistent with reported influenza outbreaks in this ...
Erbas B - - 2012
Few studies have focused on the role of grass pollen on asthma emergency department (ED) presentations among children. None have examined whether a dose-response effect exists between grass pollen levels and these asthma exacerbations. To examine the association between increasing ambient levels of grass pollen and asthma ED presentations in ...
Vourvahis Manoli - - 2012
: Lersivirine (UK-453,061) is a next-generation nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, active against wild-type HIV-1 and several nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-resistant strains. Four studies evaluated the pharmacokinetic (PK) interactions between lersivirine and various HIV-1 protease inhibitors. : Four phase I trials were conducted to assess the PK of lersivirine when coadministered ...
Boothe Dawn Merton - - 2012
Objective-To compare efficacy and safety of treatment with phenobarbital or bromide as the first-choice antiepileptic drug (AED) in dogs. Design-Double-blinded, randomized, parallel, clinical trial. Animals-46 AED-naïve dogs with naturally occurring epilepsy. Procedures-Study inclusion was based on age, history, findings on physical and neurologic examinations, and clinicopathologic test results. For either ...
Adlhoch Cornelia - - 2012
During 2010-2011, we investigated interspecies transmission of partetraviruses between predators (humans and chimpanzees) and their prey (colobus monkeys) in Côte d'Ivoire. Despite widespread infection in all species investigated, no interspecies transmission could be detected by PCR and genome analysis. All sequences identified formed species- or subspecies (chimpanzee)-specific clusters, which supports ...
Reller Megan E - - 2012
We studied rickettsioses in southern Sri Lanka. Of 883 febrile patients with paired serum samples, 156 (17.7%) had acute rickettsioses; rickettsioses were unsuspected at presentation. Additionally, 342 (38.7%) had exposure to spotted fever and/or typhus group rickettsioses and 121 (13.7%) scrub typhus. Increased awareness of rickettsioses and better tests are ...
Herzog Eva - - 2012
Purpose: To investigate whether multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) can reveal the heterogeneous distributions of exogenous agents of interest and vascular characteristics through tumors of several millimeters in diameter in vivo. Materials and Methods: Procedures involving animals were approved by the government of Upper Bavaria. Imaging of subcutaneous tumors in mice ...
Lake Jason P - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Lake, JP, Lauder, MA, and Smith, NA. Barbell kinematics should not be used to estimate power output applied to the barbell-and-body system center of mass during lower-body resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res 26(5): 1302-1307, 2012-The aim of this study was to compare measures of power output applied to ...
Hisamatsu Tadakazu - - 2012
See article in J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2012; 27: 935-944.
O'Neill Daniel K - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Heel ulcers are clinically challenging. Limited subcutaneous tissue covering the calcaneus bone makes the heel vulnerable to pressure injury. Adequate debridement of fibrotic, infected, and necrotic tissue is essential for healing. The authors report a standardized anesthesia protocol using regional anesthesia with sedation rather than general anesthesia for heel ...
Richard Michelle D - - 2012
Purpose Published evidence on established and theoretical connections between immune system dysfunction and schizophrenia is reviewed, with a discussion of developments in the search for immunologically-targeted treatments. Summary A growing body of evidence indicates that immunologic influences may play an important role in the etiology and course of schizophrenia. A ...
Lopes S L P C - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to describe the clinical and MRI findings of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in patients with major depressive disorders (MDDs) of the non-psychotic type. 40 patients (80 TMJs) who were diagnosed as having MDDs were selected for this study. The clinical examination of the ...
Chamorro Antonio-Javier - - 2012
Previous studies have suggested that the effect of naltrexone in patients with alcohol dependence may be moderated by genetic factors. In particular, the possession of the G allele of the A118G polymorphism of the µ-opioid receptor gene (OPRM1) has been associated with a better response to naltrexone, although controversial results ...
Rochet Nathalie - - 2012
We retrospectively evaluated the outcome and toxicity of external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) after airway stents were placed in patients treated for malignant airway obstruction. Between 2004 and 2009, we performed airway stenting followed by EBRT in 43 patients for symptomatic primary lung cancer (n = 31) or other thoracic malignancies ...
Mercuri Eugenio E Pediatric Neurology Unit, Catholic University, Rome, - - 2012
Spinal muscular atrophy is an autosomal recessive disorder characterised by degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord and is caused by mutations of the survival of motor neuron 1 gene SMN1. The severity of spinal muscular atrophy is highly variable and no cure is available at present. Consensus has ...
Hassouneh Wafa - - 2012
We report herein the unexpected temperature triggered self-assembly of proteins fused to thermally responsive elastin-like polypeptides (ELPs) into spherical micelles. A set of six ELP block copolymers (ELP(BC)) differing in hydrophilic and hydrophobic block lengths were genetically fused to two single domain proteins, thioredoxin (Trx) and a fibronectin type III ...
Zhang Yao - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: China's National Free Antiretroviral Treatment program has scaled-up rapidly since 2002, leading to a significant reduction of mortality among its participants. However, few studies have evaluated indicators for patient access to medical care and their association with mortality. METHODS:: Patients enrolled into this national program between June 2002 and ...
Cruz Cristhopher D - - 2012
To better describe the genetic diversity of hantaviruses associated with human illness in South America, we screened blood samples from febrile patients in Chapare Province in central Bolivia during 2008-2009 for recent hantavirus infection. Hantavirus RNA was detected in 3 patients, including 1 who died. Partial RNA sequences of small ...
Arzey George G - - 2012
In March 2010, an outbreak of low pathogenicity avian influenza A (H10N7) occurred on a chicken farm in Australia. After processing clinically normal birds from the farm, 7 abattoir workers reported conjunctivitis and minor upper respiratory tract symptoms. Influenza virus A subtype H10 infection was detected in 2 workers.
Robroeks C M H H T - - 2012
Underdiagnosis and low levels of asthma control are frequent occurring problems in patients with asthma. The study aim was to evaluate the ability of non-invasive inflammatory markers in exhaled breath to predict exacerbations of childhood asthma, and to assess the time course of changes in these exhaled markers before, during ...
Bedi Meena - - 2012
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is the standard of care for head-and-neck cancer (HNC). We treated patients with HNC by delivering either a moderate hypofractionation (MHF) schedule (66 Gy at 2.2 Gy per fraction to the gross tumor [primary and nodal]) with standard dose fractionation (54-60 Gy at 1.8-2.0 Gy per ...
Tadesse Daniel A - - 2012
We conducted a retrospective study of Escherichia coli isolates recovered from human and food animal samples during 1950-2002 to assess historical changes in antimicrobial drug resistance. A total of 1,729 E. coli isolates (983 from humans, 323 from cattle, 138 from chickens, and 285 from pigs) were tested for susceptibility ...
Matsunaga K - - 2012
The fraction of exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) is reduced by anti-inflammatory treatment in asthma. However, the FENO level is also regulated by individual demographics and there is considerable variation among clinically stable patients. We hypothesized that some demographics may be responsible for persistent FENO elevation despite inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) therapy ...
Prabhu Roshan - - 2012
To describe the use of radiosurgery (RS) alone to the resection cavity after resection of brain metastases as an alternative to adjuvant whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). Sixty-two patients with 64 cavities were treated with linear accelerator-based RS alone to the resection cavity after surgical removal of brain metastases between March 2007 ...
Winter Trevor A - - 2012
See article in J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. 2012; 27: 857-861.
Charlin Bernard - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 454-463 Context  Clinical reasoning is a core skill in medical practice, but remains notoriously difficult for students to grasp and teachers to nurture. To date, an accepted model that adequately captures the complexity of clinical reasoning processes does not exist. Knowledge-modelling software such as mot Plus ...
Zulkowski Karen - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To enhance the learner's competence in identifying and treating moisture-associated skin damage. TARGET AUDIENCE:: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. OBJECTIVES:: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1. Differentiate moisture-associated skin ...
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