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Stock Laura - - 2012
Surgery remains an acceptable, and sometimes necessary, modality for the treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Laparoscopy is the preferred method of access, yet controversy remains regarding the optimal procedure and postoperative management. Generally, salpingostomy is employed with the goal of maintaining fertility, although data to support this tenet are lacking. In ...
Chen Stefanie Hartman - - 2012
Topoisomerase IIIα (Top3α) is an essential component of the double Holliday junction (dHJ) dissolvasome complex in metazoans, along with Blm and Rmi1/2. This important anti-recombinogenic function cannot be performed by Top3β, the other type IA topoisomerase present in metazoans. The two share a catalytic core but diverge in their tail ...
Rosty Christophe - - 2012
Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS), also known as hyperplastic polyposis, is a syndrome of unknown genetic basis defined by the occurrence of multiple serrated polyps in the large intestine and associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). There are a variety of SPS presentations, which may encompass a continuum ...
Blalock Timothy D - - 2012
To biochemically characterize the receptor for connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) of human corneal fibroblasts (HCF). Radiolabeled recombinant human CTGF was used to determine the specificity and time course of binding to low-passage cultures of HCF. The affinity and number of receptors present were calculated by Scatchard and best-fit analyses. ...
Schweitzer Dietrich - - 2012
Time and spectrally resolved measurements of autofluorescence have the potential to monitor metabolism at the cellular level. Fluorophores that emit with the same fluorescence intensity can be discriminated from each other by decay time of fluorescence intensity after pulsed excitation. We performed time-resolved autofluorescence measurements on fundus samples from a ...
White Sarah J - - 2012
Measles, mumps, and rubella are viral diseases that may adversely affect nonimmune pregnant women and their fetuses/neonates. Prevention of these diseases and their complications can be achieved through measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination before pregnancy. The vaccine is contraindicated during pregnancy, because it contains live, attenuated viruses that pose a theoretical risk ...
Johnson Julie - - 2012
Congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is an important cause of hearing impairment, mental retardation, and cerebral palsy. Principal sources of infection during pregnancy are young children and intimate contacts. Prevention of maternal and congenital CMV infection depends on counseling women regarding the sources of infection and hygienic measures that might prevent ...
Guo Ping - - 2012
Conjunctivochalasis (CCh) is an age-related inflammatory ocular surface disease manifesting redundant, loose conjunctiva folds. The pathogenic role of Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in controlling upregulation of matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) and MMP-3 in CCh remains undefined. Cytolocation of PTX3 and apoptosis were compared by immunostaining and terminal deoxyribonucleotidyl transferase-mediated FITC-linked dUTP ...
Ji Haitao - - 2012
Although Niban is highly expressed in human cancer cells, the cellular functions of Niban remain largely unknown. We demonstrate here that ultraviolet irradiation induces phosphorylation of Niban at S602 by AKT, which increases the association of Niban with nucleophosmin and disassociation of nucleophosmin from the MDM2 complex. This leads to ...
Bachman Emelia Argyropoulos EA Penn Fertility Care, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Medical management has become increasingly popular in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy. Given its convenience, for many it is used as a first-line treatment, however, this is not always the optimal choice for the patient. It is important to understand the options for medical treatment and when it is appropriate ...
Rausch Mary E ME Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Human Reproduction, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, New York, USA. - - 2012
Unless an ectopic pregnancy is visible by ultrasound, diagnosis can be a challenge. Differentiating ectopic pregnancies from intrauterine pregnancies can be impossible without intervention or follow-up. This poses a clinical dilemma to the practitioner given the inherent danger to the mother of tubal rupture of an ectopic pregnancy versus the ...
Skaff D Andrew - - 2012
Hymeglusin (1233A, F244, L-659-699) is established as a specific β-lactone inhibitor of eukaryotic hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA synthase (HMGCS). Inhibition results from formation of a thioester adduct to the active site cysteine. In contrast, the effects of hymeglusin on bacterial HMG-CoA synthase, mvaS, have been minimally characterized. Hymeglusin blocks growth of Enterococcus faecalis. ...
Kim Geunwon G Department of Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA 02118, - - 2012
Heat shock response (HSR) that protects cells from proteotoxic stresses is downregulated in aging, as well as upon replicative senescence of cells in culture. Here we demonstrate that HSR is suppressed in fibroblasts from the patients with segmental progerioid Werner Syndrome, which undergo premature senescence. Similar suppression of HSR was ...
Oak Prajakta S - - 2012
A major obstacle in the successful treatment of cancer is the occurrence of chemoresistance. Cancer cells surviving chemotherapy and giving rise to a recurrence of the tumor are termed cancer stem cells and can be identified by elevated levels of certain stem cell markers. Eradication of this cell population is ...
Stein Phyllis K - - 2012
Caloric restriction (CR) retards aging in laboratory rodents. No information is available on the effects of long-term CR on physiologic markers of aging and longevity in humans. Heart rate variability (HRV) is a marker for cardiac autonomic functioning. The progressive decline in HRV with aging and the association of higher ...
Beck Alain - - 2012
This Feature will introduce the strategies of therapeutic antibodies (mAbs) in-depth characterization by mass spectrometry (MS) and discuss analytical comparison of biosimilar to originator mAbs, with the cases of trastuzumab and cetuximab. In addition, the structural and functional insights gained both by state-of-the art and emerging MS methods used for ...
Elshazley Momen M Department of Respiratory Medicine, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, Aichi, - - 2012
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a highly aggressive neoplasm arising from the mesothelial cells lining the parietal pleura and it exhibits poor prognosis. Although there has been significant progress in MPM treatment, development of more efficient therapeutic approaches is needed. BMAL1 is a core component of the circadian clock machinery ...
Rinaldi Sabina S International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France. - - 2012
Results from case-control and prospective studies suggest a moderate positive association between obesity and height and differentiated thyroid carcinoma (TC). Little is known on the relationship between other measures of adiposity and differentiated TC risk. Here, we present the results of a study on body size and risk of differentiated ...
Malin S K SK Department of Pathobiology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH 44195, - - 2012
Lifestyle modification, consisting of exercise and weight loss, delays the progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, no study has determined the efficacy of exercise training on glucose metabolism in the different prediabetes subtypes. Seventy-six older (65.1 ± 0.6 years) obese adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG; n ...
Crabbe J C - - 2012
In biomedical research, one key stage of translating basic science knowledge to clinical practice is the reconciliation of phenotypes employed for laboratory animal studies with those important for the clinical condition. Alcohol dependence (AD) is a prototypic complex genetic trait. There is a long history of behaviour-genetic studies of AD ...
Kravtsov Dmitri V - - 2012
In enterocytes of the small intestine, endocytic trafficking of CFTR channels from the brush border membrane (BBM) to the subapical endosomes requires the minus-end motor, myosin VI (Myo6). The subapical localization of Myo6 is dependent on myosin Ia (Myo1a) the major plus-end motor associated with the BBM, suggestive of functional ...
Bacigaluppi S S Department of Neurosciences and Biomedical Technologies, University of Milan-Bicocca, Monza, - - 2013
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are a diffuse cerebrovascular disease affecting approximately 0.5% of the population. A CCM is characterized by abnormally enlarged and leaky capillaries arranged in mulberry-like structures with no clear flow pattern. The lesion might predispose to seizures, focal neurological deficits or fatal intracerebral hemorrhage. However, a CCM ...
Sotiriou Georgios A - - 2012
Nanophosphors are light-emitting materials with stable optical properties that represent promising tools for bioimaging. The synthesis of nanophosphors, and thus the control of their surface properties, is, however, challenging. Here, flame aerosol technology is exploited to generate Tb-activated Y(2)O(3) nanophosphors (∼25 nm) encapsulated in situ by a nanothin amorphous inert ...
Hoshino Kazunori - - 2012
We describe a computational analysis method to evaluate the efficacy of immunomagnetic rare cell separation from non-Newtonian particulate blood flow. The core procedure proposed here is calculation of local viscosity distributions induced by red blood cell (RBC) sedimentation. Numerical calculation methods have previously been introduced to simulate particulate behavior of ...
Dixit Sanhita S - - 2012
We apply optical manipulation to prepare lipid bilayers between pairs of water droplets immersed in an oil matrix. These droplet pairs have a well-defined geometry allowing the use of droplet shape analysis to perform quantitative studies of the dynamics during bilayer formation and to determine time-dependent values for the droplet ...
Halgand F - - 2012
Top-down mass spectrometry has been used to investigate structural diversity within some abundant salivary protein families. In this study, we report the identification of two isoforms of protein II-2 which differed in mass by less than 1 Da, the determination of a sequence for protein IB8a that was best satisfied ...
Kellinger Matthew W MW Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0625, United - - 2012
Maintaining high transcriptional fidelity is essential to life. For all eukaryotic organisms, RNA polymerase II (Pol II) is responsible for messenger RNA synthesis from the DNA template. Three key checkpoint steps are important in controlling Pol II transcriptional fidelity: nucleotide selection and incorporation, RNA transcript extension, and proofreading. Some types ...
Facey Hannah V - - 2012
Methane emissions have been previously detected from orangutans, but characterization of the diversity of methanogens in this species has yet to be completed. This preliminary study identified methanogen producing microorganims, also called methanogens, present in the feces from a colony of captive Sumatran orangutans at the Perth Zoo. All animals ...
Dusfour Isabelle - - 2012
Anopheles darlingi Root is the major vector of human malaria in the Neotropics and has been considered to be the sole malaria vector in French Guiana. The presence of other potential vectors suggests that malaria may be transmitted by other species under certain conditions. From 2006-2011, all anopheline specimens collected ...
Ontsuka Kanako - - 2012
  Cutaneous wound repair is a highly ordered and well-coordinated process involving various cell lineages and many molecular effectors. Cell-matrix interactions through integrin molecules provide key signals important for wound repair. Periostin is a matricellular protein that may provide signals important during tissue development and remodelling by interacting with several ...
George Clemon - - 2012
In Canada, there is a paucity of research aimed at understanding Black gay men and the antecedents to risk factors for HIV. This study is an attempt to move beyond risk factor analysis and explore the role of sexual and ethnic communities in the lives of these men. The study ...
Godechal Quentin - - 2012
Malignant melanoma is a tumor characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of melanocytes, mainly in skin, but also in eyes. Its incidence is rising each year. To improve the diagnosis and treatment of the tumor, it is essential to develop new effective methods to early detect and characterize melanoma. Previously, we ...
Davit-Spraul Anne - - 2012
Tyrosinemia type 1, which is caused by a deficiency in fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase, is successfully treatable with nitisone (NTBC), an inhibitor of 4-hydroxyphenyl pyruvate dioxygenase. The recommended average dose of NTBC is 1 mg/kg per day. A rapid liquid chromatography (LC) coupled with negative electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry method was ...
Andrade-Neto Valter Viana - - 2012
Ketoconazole is a clinically safe antifungal agent that also inhibits the growth of Leishmania spp. A study was undertaken to determine whether Leishmania parasites are prone to becoming resistant to ketoconazole by upregulating C14-demethylase after stepwise pharmacological pressure. Leishmania amazonensis promastigotes [inhibitory concentration (IC)50 = 2 µM] were subjected to ...
Ruppin M - - 2012
Objective  Review 103 cases of presumed tick envenomation in horses. Design  Retrospective study. Method  Variables, including date of presentation, age, breed, weight, presence of ticks, gait and respiration scores, duration of recumbency, treatment, outcome and complications were recorded. A series of univariable screening tests were performed and used in a ...
Rosanas-Urgell Anna - - 2012
The spleen plays a crucial role in the development of immunity to malaria, but the role of pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) in splenic effector cells during malaria infection is poorly understood. In the present study, we analysed the expression of selected PRRs in splenic effector cells from BALB/c mice infected ...
Grosse Jirka - - 2012
Countercurrent centrifugal elutriation (CCE) is a cell separation technique that separates particles predominantly according to their size, and to some degree according to their specific density, without a need for antibodies or ligands tagging cell surfaces. The principles of this technique have been known for half a century. Still, numerous ...
Biggar Kyle K - - 2012
The red-eared slider turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans) has a well-developed natural tolerance for oxygen deprivation that derives from biochemical adaptations, including anoxia-induced suppression of metabolic rate. We hypothesized that mechanisms that suppress ATP-expensive cell cycle activity would contribute significantly to establishing the hypometabolic state during anaerobiosis. Cyclin D1 is a ...
Leimanis Edijs - - 2012
Methadone is used to treat moderate to severe pain in patients not responsive to non-narcotic analgesics and for maintenance treatment of opioid addiction. Methadone is primarily metabolized by N-demethylation to an inactive metabolite 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidene (EDDP) by CYP3A4 and CYP2B6. Establishing expected concentrations for metabolism of methadone to EDDP using urine ...
Ettinger Monika - - 2012
  Antibodies, specific to murine DEC205, can be used to target antigens to dendritic cells. The immunodominant domain of human type XVII collagen, hNC16A, was fused to this antibody (DEC-hNC16A) and was administered as expression plasmid by gene gun transfection with the aim of inducing tolerance to human type XVII ...
Dombrowski Yvonne - - 2012
Epidermal keratinocytes produce and secrete antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that subsequently form a chemical shield on the skin surface. Cathelicidins are one family of AMPs in skin with various further immune functions. Consequently, dysfunction of these peptides has been implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory skin disease. In particular, the cathelicidin ...
Nance John W - - 2012
Left ventricular apex to descending aorta conduits may be used as a last resort treatment of severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in cases in which alternative therapies are contraindicated. Although this technique is rarely used in current practice for congenital cases, its use in the elderly population is increasing, ...
Zhang Jing - - 2012
The wood frog (Rana sylvatica) is one of only a few vertebrate species that can survive extensive freezing of its body fluids during the winter. The mechanisms of natural freeze tolerance include metabolic rate depression to conserve energy and the implementation of cryoprotective strategies, especially the synthesis of huge amounts ...
Souza Wanderley de - - 2012
For many years, prokaryotic cells were distinguished from eukaryotic cells based on the simplicity of their cytoplasm, in which the presence of organelles and cytoskeletal structures had not been discovered. Based on current knowledge, this review describes the complex components of the prokaryotic cell cytoskeleton, including (i) tubulin homologues composed ...
Chan Jeannie D - - 2012
Ventilator-associated pneumonia is one of the most common infections in the intensive care unit and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has emerged as a common cause of ventilator-associated pneumonia. We sought to study the performance characteristics of once weekly active surveillance culture of methicillin-resistant S. aureus colonization in predicting the development of ...
Huang Chukai - - 2012
Background: We sought to determine whether corneal biomechanical parameters are predictive of reduction in axial length after anti-metabolite trabeculectomy. Methods: Chinese subjects undergoing trabeculectomy with mitomycin C by a single experienced surgeon underwent the following measurements: Corneal hysteresis (CH, Ocular Response Analyzer, Reichert Ophthalmic Instruments), Goldmann intra-ocular pressure (IOP), central ...
Bagabir Rania - - 2012
Keloid disease (KD) is a common fibroproliferative disorder of unknown aetiopathogenesis, with highly unsatisfactory treatment. Therefore, it is crucial to have a robust and clinically relevant model for studying KD pathobiology as well as preclinical testing of potential KD therapeutics. However, the unique occurrence of KD in human skin and ...
Mohamed Azza H - - 2012
In the present study, Biomphalaria snails collected from five Egyptian governorates (Giza, Fayoum, Kafr El-Sheikh, Ismailia and Damietta), as well as reference control Biomphalaria alexandrina snails from the Schistosome Biological Supply Center (SBSC) (Theodor Bilharz Research Institute, Egypt), were subjected to species-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays to identify the ...
Cumurcu Tongabay - - 2012
Purpose: Evaluation of changes in anterior chamber parameters with the Pentacam rotating Scheimpflug and axial length measurements (Alx) by ultrasound in patients who use isotretinoin for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Methods: Twenty-nine eyes of 29 patients (15 men, 14 women) were evaluated with the Pentacam before the treatment, and ...
Hughes Michelle M - - 2012
Morphine is one of several opioids used to treat chronic pain. Because of its high abuse potential, urine drug tests can confirm "consistency with prescribed medications." Hydromorphone is a recently described minor metabolite of morphine, but few data exist on the characteristics of this metabolic pathway or the relationship of ...
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