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Results 301 - 350 of 2632
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Klumpp Dorothee - - 2012
Nanofiber scaffolds have proven their various advantages for tissue engineering and have been analyzed extensively. However, to date the three-dimensional pattern of vascularization inside nanofibrous scaffolds is unknown. This study introduces a novel method to visualize and quantify vascularization of electrospun nanofibrous PCL/collagen scaffolds in 3D in vivo. Randomly spun ...
Henmi Masahiro - - 2012
A membrane with ordered 3D ionic nanochannels constructed by in situ photopolymerization of a thermotropic liquid-crystalline monomer shows high filtration performance and ion selectivity. The nanostructured membrane exhibits water-treatment performance superior to that of an amorphous membrane prepared from the isotropic melt of the monomer. Self-organized nanostructured membranes have great ...
Zhang Xiu-Li - - 2012
Background and Aim:   Gastric fundus perforation is a serious complication of endoscopic mucosal resection and endoscopic submucosal dissection performed for the removal of early gastric cancers or subepithelial tumors. The novel over-the-scope clip (OTSC) has recently been found to be effective for closing gastrointestinal-tract perforations and accesses for natural ...
Ernst Floris - - 2012
BACKGROUND: For many robot-assisted medical applications, it is necessary to accurately compute the relation between the robot's coordinate system and the coordinate system of a localisation or tracking device. Today, this is typically carried out using hand-eye calibration methods like those proposed by Tsai/Lenz or Daniilidis. METHODS: We present a ...
Bhuyan Pallavi - - 2012
Cryptococcosis is a life threatening, opportunistic fungal disease in human immunodeficiency virus-infected individual. Lymph node involvement as a presenting feature in Cryptococcosis is not a common manifestation. A prompt diagnosis is of utmost importance in this disseminated form of cryptococcosis. There are very few reports, however, of cryptococcal lymphadenitis as ...
Derbent Aysel Uysal - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate first and second trimester maternal serum markers in pregnancies complicated with inherited thrombophilias. Methods; A case-control study was conducted in 50 pregnancies complicated with hereditary thrombophilia and 100 control pregnancies. Results: Each woman with inherited thrombophilia received low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) throughout her pregnancy. Gravidity, ...
Yoshida Shunji - - 2012
ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of long-term administration of ambrisentan in Japanese adults with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Research design and methods: In this open-label extension of a preceding multicenter dose-escalation study, 21 Japanese patients with PAH received treatment with 5 or 10 mg of ambrisentan once ...
Nelson Craig E - - 2012
Bacterioplankton are the primary trophic conduit for dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and linking community structure with DOC utilization is central to understanding global carbon cycling. We coupled stable isotope probing (SIP) with 16S rRNA pyrosequencing in dark seawater culture experiments on euphotic and mesopelagic communities from the Sargasso Sea. Parallel ...
Liern Miguel - - 2012
Persistent nephrotic syndrome that does not respond to treatment may cause progression to kidney failure. We designed a therapeutic protocol with sirolimus for this group of patients. We conducted a prospective, interventional, time series, cohort study lasting 20 months. Thirteen patients were&nbsp;enrolled, with a mean age of 10 years (range: ...
Moriya S - - 2012
Summary  Increasing need for long-term care in older adults is expected with the ageing of Japan's population. The aim of the present study was to show the relationship between perceived chewing ability and long-term care needs for over 5 years in elderly persons. The chewing ability of 812 elderly persons living ...
Sreedharanunni Sreejesh - - 2012
We report the cytological features of two cases of chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) confirmed by histopathology examination. First case was a 40-year-old male who presented with a foot swelling, and the second case was a 16-year-old male with a lesion at the angle of jaw. A fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) ...
Levy Ofri - - 2012
Biological networks are ubiquitously modular, a feature that is believed to be essential for the enhancement of their functional capacities. Here, we have used a simple modular in vitro design to examine the possibility that modularity enhances network functionality in the context of input representation. We cultured networks of cortical ...
Livneh Avi - - 2012
Severity scoring systems for adult familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) are established and used as important clinical and analytical tools in disease management and research. A recent paper highlights the need for a paediatric FMF severity measure. How should such a score be built and what challenges might be faced?
Koike Haruki - - 2012
Abstract Transthyretin (TTR) Val30Met-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy (FAP ATTR Val30Met) is the most common form of FAP. We compared the clinicopathological features and natural history of late-onset FAP ATTR Val30Met cases from non-endemic areas of Japan with early-onset cases from endemic foci. The characteristics of early-onset cases from endemic foci ...
Teti Douglas M - - 2012
Mechanisms were examined to clarify relations between maternal depressive symptoms, dysfunctional cognitions, and infant night waking among 45 infants (1-24 months) and their mothers. A mother-driven mediational model was tested in which maternal depressive symptoms and dysfunctional cognitions about infant sleep predicted infant night waking via their impact on mothers' bedtime ...
Andreasson Anna Nixon - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: In view of the increasing prevalence of obesity worldwide, understanding the role of the recently discovered adipokines leptin and adiponectin is of high clinical relevance. The aim of the present study was to assess the association between levels of leptin and adiponectin with age, known cardiovascular risk factors and ...
Mossberg N - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To describe a population-based material of patients with recurrent Guillain-Barré syndrome (RGBS), examine the long time course, and search for factors predisposing to recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a follow-up study of the neurology and neurophysiology and a systematic study of the acute microbial serology of patients with ...
Wang Ming-Te - - 2012
This study examined the relative influence of adolescents' supportive relationships with teachers, peers, and parents on trajectories of different dimensions of school engagement from middle to high school and how these associations differed by gender and race or ethnicity. The sample consisted of 1,479 students (52% females, 56% African American). ...
Sidoroff Marianne - - 2012
Abstract Children with moderate to severe inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are treated with systemic glucocorticoids (GCs). The majority of the patients respond to the given treatment; however, steroid resistance and dependency are significant clinical problems. Also therapy-related side effects limit the use of GCs in the control of active inflammation. ...
Frada Miguel J - - 2012
The cosmopolitan coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi is characterized by a strongly differentiated haplodiplontic life cycle consisting of a diploid phase, generally bearing coccoliths (calcified) but that can be also non-calcified, and a non-calcified biflagellated haploid phase. Given most studies have focused on the bloom-producing calcified phase, there is little-to-no information about ...
An Hui-Ru - - 2012
This study investigated the relationship between antituberculosis (anti-TB) drug-induced hepatotoxicity and genetic polymorphisms of two important drug metabolizing enzymes that are involved in the metabolism of isoniazid, N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2) and cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1). A PCR-direct sequencing approach was used to detect the genetic polymorphisms of NAT2 and CYP2E1 ...
de Almeida Edgar A F - - 2012
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a well-established therapeutic option for patients with polycystic kidney disease. However, in patients with massive polycystic kidney and liver disease, subclinical hepatic venous outflow obstruction may elicit the appearance of ascites after implantation of a peritoneal catheter. The case of a patient who developed ascites after ...
Meehan Timothy D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Thermoregulation by modern industrial humans is unique among endothermic animals, in that it is largely accomplished by controlling the temperature of our external environment. The objective of this study was to view the relationship between thermoregulatory energy use and environmental temperature in modern humans from the perspective of comparative ...
You Zhengwei - - 2012
Synthetic biodegradable polymers are important biomaterials. However, most of them are biologically inert. Free functional groups can allow easy biofunctionalization. Efficient introduction of functional groups to biodegradable polymers is still a challenge. Here, a practical strategy is presented to synthesize various functional polyesters with free hydroxyl groups polymerized via epoxide ...
Jelin Angie C - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To evaluate neonatal outcomes in late preterm infants delivered due to preeclampsia. Methods: A retrospective cohort of 3,580 infants delivered at 32 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation was examined. Neonatal outcomes of infants delivered due to preeclampsia were compared with outcomes of infants delivered prematurely due to ...
Boleslawski E - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Preoperative measurement of hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) is not performed routinely before hepatectomy in patients with cirrhosis, although it has been suggested to be useful. This study investigated whether preoperative HVPG values and indirect criteria of portal hypertension (PHT) predict the postoperative course in these patients. METHODS: Between ...
Bienert Gerd P - - 2012
Aquaporins (AQPs) are conserved in all kingdoms of life and facilitate the rapid diffusion of water and/or other small solutes across cell membranes. Amongst the different plant AQPs, Plasma Membrane Intrinsic proteins (PIPs), which fall into two phylogenetic groups, PIP1 and PIP2, play key roles in plant water transport processes. ...
Huang William W - - 2012
  Tinea versicolor is a commonly encountered superficial fungal infection often presenting on the chest and back with hyperpigmented or hypopigmented scaly macules and patches. We report an unusual and rare presentation of tinea versicolor affecting only the eyelids.
Payne R J - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: Standing fracture repair in the horse is a recently described surgical procedure and currently there are few follow-up data. This case series contains 2 novel aspects in the standing horse: repair of incomplete sagittal fractures of the proximal phalanx and medial condylar repair from a lateral ...
Cimino-Mathews Ashley - - 2012
In the airways, iron pill-induced mucosal injury is uncommon and can lead to necrosis and stricture of the respiratory tracts. The process is characterized by mucosal ulceration with deposition of crystalline iron particles, and the diagnosis is usually made on tissue biopsies. We report a case of iron-sulfate-induced mucosal injury ...
Uberall Michael A - - 2012
Abstract Objective To evaluate patients' perceptions of 5% lidocaine medicated plaster for treatment of chronic neuropathic pain in daily clinical practice. Research design and methods In a prospective, multicentre, non-interventional observation, patient-reported outcome data were collected in clinical practices in Germany using the German Pain Questionnaire for pre-treatment documentation and ...
Zatsepin D A - - 2012
Mn(+)-implanted, amorphous SiO(2) samples were synthesized using pulsed-ion implantation without thermal annealing. The crystal and electronic structures have been studied using x-ray diffraction and synchrotron-based soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy at the Si and Mn L(2,3) edges. We find a combination of small MnO clusters and Si crystallites at ...
Caballo Jorge - - 2012
Alkylation of [{Ti(η(5)-C(5)Me(5))(μ-NH)}(3)(μ(3)-N)] with MeOTf occurs at the imido ligands to produce the methylamido derivative [Ti(3)(η(5)-C(5)Me(5))(3)(μ(3)-N)(μ-NH)(2)(μ-NHMe)(OTf)] which readily rearranges to form the methylimido complex [Ti(3)(η(5)-C(5)Me(5))(3)(μ(3)-N)(μ-NH)(μ-NH(2))(μ-NMe)(OTf)].
Suhr Ole B - - 2012
Liver transplantation (LTx) is currently an accepted treatment for hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (h-ATTR). However, to optimize the outcome, careful selection of patients is required, since increased mortality compared with that found for nontransplanted historical controls are observed for several groups of h-ATTR patients. We have noted that malnourished patients and ...
Crough Tania - - 2012
The frequent detection of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigens in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) has raised the possibility of exploiting CMV-specific T-cell immunotherapy to control this disease in CMV--seropositive patients. Here, we have conducted a comprehensive ex vivo profiling of CMV-specific CD8(+) T-cell responses in a cohort of GBM patients. Of the ...
Bunz Uwe H F - - 2012
Alkene metathesis is a superb methodology. We report the progress using alkene metathesis in the synthesis of polymeric organic semiconductors. Three classes of polymers have been synthesized using acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) or ring opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP), viz., poly(acetylene)s (PA), poly(arylene-vinylene)s (PAV), and organometallic polymers. For PAs, ROMP of ...
Van Praet Liesbet - - 2012
That gut and joint inflammation are linked in spondyloarthritis (SpA) has been recognized for almost three decades. Intriguingly, microscopic gut inflammation, which occurs frequently in patients with SpA, is an important risk factor for clinically overt Crohn's disease and ankylosing spondylitis. This Review describes current insights into the underlying mechanisms ...
Mumcuoglu E U - - 2012
Mitochondrial function plays an important role in the regulation of cellular life and death, including disease states. Disturbance in mitochondrial function and distribution can be accompanied by significant morphological alterations. Electron microscopy tomography (EMT) is a powerful technique to study the 3D structure of mitochondria, but the automatic detection and ...
Ognjanovic S - - 2012
Objective:In obesity, adipose tissue becomes a significant source of chemokines and inflammatory cytokines that are associated with chronic systemic low-grade inflammation and may lead to insulin resistance. Studies in children have mainly focused on inflammatory cytokines and there are limited data for chemokines in adolescents and young adults. We studied ...
Liu Xin - - 2012
Challenges remain in resolving metabolic processes of drugs within small animals using a fluorescence tomographic image. In our previous work, using principal component analysis (PCA), we detected functional structures with different kinetic behaviors, where PCA was applied in fluorescence tomographic sequence (i.e. in the image space). As a result, all ...
Laquièvre Aurélie - - 2012
Azlactone-based homopolymers and copolymers were successfully synthesized using the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) process. The functional monomer 2-styryl-4,4-dimethylazlactone (SDA) was first homopolymerized in bulk then copolymerized with styrene, leading to (co)polymers with low polydispersity indices (PDI = 1.10-1.20). The reactive azlactone rings, located along the backbone of the copolymers ...
Herrmann Björn - - 2012
The present magnetoencephalography study investigated whether the brain states of early syntactic and auditory-perceptual processes can be decoded from single-trial recordings with a multivariate pattern classification approach. In particular, it was investigated whether the early neural activation patterns in response to rule violations in basic auditory perception and in high ...
Toda Kei - - 2012
A micro-gas analysis system (μGAS) was developed for mobile monitoring and continuous measurements of atmospheric HCHO. HCHO gas was trapped into an absorbing/reaction solution continuously using a microchannel scrubber in which the microchannels were patterned in a honeycomb structure to form a wide absorbing area with a thin absorbing solution ...
Akbari Akbar - - 2012
It has been shown that naturally occurring regulatory T-cells (CD4(+)CD25(+) Foxp3(+) T-cells) have critical roles in tumor invasion and down-regulation of immune response against established tumors. High expression of CD25 (IL-2Rα) by regulatory T (T(reg)) cells may cause an inefficient response when using IL-2-based cancer vaccines. It seems that selective ...
Klineberg I J - - 2012
Summary  Oral rehabilitation restores form and function and impacts on general health. Teeth provide a discriminating sense of touch and directional specificity for occlusal perception, management of food with mastication and swallowing, and awareness of its texture and hardness. Peripheral feedback for control of jaw muscles includes the enamel-dentine-pulp complex ...
Rainer Peter P - - 2012
Study Type - Aetiology (case control) Level of Evidence 2b What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The multikinase inhibitor sunitinib causes cardiotoxic side effects in a substantial number of treated patients. Previously, data from clinical studies suggested that these side effects are more frequently found in ...
Herzog Torsten - - 2012
Abstract Background. In pancreatic surgery, preoperative biliary drainage (PBD) leads to bacteribilia. Whether positive bile duct cultures are associated with a higher postoperative morbidity might be related to the resistance of the species isolated from bile. Study. Intraoperative bile duct cultures were collected from all patients who underwent pancreatic surgery. ...
Nishino Tomoya - - 2012
Peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication in patients with severe chronic kidney disease who are undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). One of the pathological characteristics of peritoneal fibrosis is the infiltration of macrophages in the thickened submesothelial compact zone. In addition, infiltration of lymphocytes, including T and B lymphocytes, is observed ...
Wise Lyn M - - 2012
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, a key regulator of cutaneous blood vessel formation, appears to have an additional role during wound healing, enhancing re-epithelialization. Orf virus, a zoonotic parapoxvirus, induces proliferative skin lesions that initiate in wounds and are characterized by extensive blood vessel formation, epidermal hyperplasia and rete ridge ...
Liu Qiaoling - - 2012
Carboxyfullerenes with different adduct numbers and cage sizes are tested as photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy (PDT). The photodynamic efficiency of these carboxyfullerenes depends mainly on the cage size, C(60) versus C(70) , and to a lesser extent on the adduct numbers. In particular, malonic acid modified C(70) fullerenes are more ...
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