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Results 251 - 300 of 2634
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Wang Nan - - 2012
Catecholamine-containing small dense core granules (SDCGs, vesicular diameter of ∼100 nm) are prominent in carotid glomus (chemosensory) cells and some neurons, but the release kinetics from individual SDCGs has not been studied in detail. In this study, we compared the amperometric signals from glomus cells with those from adrenal chromaffin cells, ...
Hoda Rana S - - 2012
Liquid-based preparations (LBPs) have largely replaced conventional Papanicolaou smears (CPS) for cervical samples in the United States and in many other industrialized countries. The two FDA-approved LBP currently in use include ThinPrep (TP), (Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) and SurePath (SP), (BD Diagnostic, Burlington, NC). Split-sample and direct-to-vial studies have shown ...
Turrell Gavin - - 2012
Introduction and Aims. Individual smokers from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to quit, which contributes to widening inequalities in smoking. Residents of disadvantaged neighbourhoods are more likely to smoke, and neighbourhood inequalities in smoking may also be widening because of neighbourhood differences in rates of cessation. This study examined the ...
Kim-Fine Shunaha - - 2012
Abstract Objectives: To establish gender-specific differences in maternal and fetal immune response in healthy human fetuses at term. Methods: Forty-five women with elective caesarean sections for uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were recruited for two studies. Using a Multiplex Biomarker Immunoassay system, un-stimulated maternal and fetal plasma concentrations of IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-6, ...
Grangeon M M Université de Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon1-CRIS EA 647-Laboratoire de la Performance Motrice, Mentale et du Matériel (P3M) Villeurbanne, - - 2012
A case study. The aim was to investigate whether motor imagery (MI) could be successfully incorporated into conventional therapy among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) to improve upper limb (UL) function. The Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Unit at the Henry Gabrielle Hospital in Lyon, France. The participant was an ...
Lee Ae-Kyoung - - 2012
Compliance of the ICNIRP reference and IEEE action levels with the basic restrictions on whole-body average (WBA) SAR was investigated based on age, physique, and posture under isolated and grounded conditions. First, Korean male models 1, 3, 5, 7, and 20 years of age with body sizes in the 50th ...
Hoeijmakers Wieteke A M - - 2012
Centromeres are essential for the faithful transmission of chromosomes to the next generation, therefore being essential in all eukaryotic organisms. The centromeres of Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of the most severe form of malaria have been broadly mapped on most chromosomes, but their epigenetic composition remained undefined. Here, we ...
Hibbe Florian - - 2012
Micro-Imaging is employed to monitor the evolution of intracrystalline guest profiles during molecular ad- and desorption in cation-free zeolites AlPO-LTA. The measurements are shown to provide direct evidence on the rate of intracrystalline diffusion and surface permeation and their interrelation. Complemented by PFG NMR and integral IR measurements, a comprehensive ...
Oose Yoshiyuki - - 2012
Suppression of movement during induction of anesthesia is mediated through subcortical structures. We studied the effects of a brief, 5-min application of a clinically relevant concentration of sevoflurane (two minimum alveolar concentration) on the electrophysiological activities of the medium spiny neurons (MSNs) of the striatum in brain slice preparations, using ...
Spencer Brian B Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0624, - - 2013
Neurosin is a predominant serine protease in the central nervous system (CNS) and has been shown to play a role in the clearance of α-synuclein (α-syn) which is centrally involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Although it has been previously shown that ...
Cohen Steven P - - 2012
Perineural inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor have recently generated intense interest as an alternative to epidural steroid injections for lumbosacral radiculopathy. To evaluate whether epidural steroids, etanercept, or saline better improves pain and function in adults with lumbosacral radiculopathy. A multicenter, 3-group, randomized, placebo-controlled trial conducted from 2008 to 2011. ...
Fernandes G - - 2012
Summary  To explore the relationship between sleep bruxism (SB), painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychologic status in a cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 272 individuals. The Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD) was used to diagnose TMD; SB was diagnosed by clinical criteria proposed by The American Academy of ...
Gangwar R K - - 2012
This paper reports simulation and experimental studies of input characteristics of a dual segment cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna (DSCDRA) in free space and in the presence of a bio-medium (synthetic muscle) along with specific absorption rate (SAR) distribution in the synthetic muscle medium due to the antenna at microwave frequencies. ...
Buchler Tomas - - 2012
Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out to identify factors associated with the failure of 18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) to correctly predict relapse-free survival in patients with nonseminomatous germ cell tumours. Ninety-three patients with negative postchemotherapy FDG-PET scan were analyzed in the retrospective study. The FDG-PET result was validated ...
Ment Dana - - 2012
We studied disease progression of, and host responses to, four species in the Metarhizium anisopliae complex expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP). We compared development and determined their relative levels of virulence against two susceptible arthropods, the cattle tick Rhipicephalus annulatus and the lepidopteran Galleria mellonella, and two resistant ticks, Hyalomma ...
Wilson S A F - - 2012
BACKGROUND:North American (NA) ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) is a popular natural health product (NHP) that has been demonstrated to regulate immune function, inflammatory processes and response to stress and fatigue. Recent evidence suggests that various extracts of NA ginseng may have different bioactivities because of distinct profiles of ginsenosides and polysaccharides. ...
Glassner Mathias - - 2012
Tailor-made water-soluble macromolecules, including a glycopolymer, obtained by living/controlled RAFT-mediated polymerization are demonstrated to react in water with diene-functionalized poly(ethylene glycol)s without pre- or post-functionalization steps or the need for a catalyst at ambient temperature. As previously observed in organic solvents, hetero-Diels-Alder (HDA) conjugations reached quantitative conversion within minutes when ...
Yousfi Khaled - - 2012
Storage at 3 and 18 ºC of 'Arbequina' olives (Olea europaea L.) cultivated in hedgerow and harvested manually or mechanically (wine grape harvester) was tested. Fruit characteristics and oil quality were monitored. Mechanical harvesting caused internal fruit damage that induced its rapid softening and decay, but also facilitated to obtaining ...
Scala G - - 2012
The reticular groove mucosa of adult cattle, buffalo and sheep was investigated by histochemical and immunocytochemical techniques. Intense NADPH-d staining was observed in the folds of the epithelium mucosa and at the bottom of the reticular groove in all domestic ruminants studied. The NADPH-d staining showed that the innervations of ...
Wong S - - 2012
Study design:A single centre survey.Objectives:The objective of this study is to (1) assess patients' food intake and (2) measure satisfaction with current food provision, as judged by patients and by stakeholders (medical and nursing staff, managers and catering staff).Methods:Standardised questionnaires were used to record food intake over a 24-h period, ...
Bahadur K C Remant - - 2012
A novel gene delivery system, called PoSC, consisting of PEI, PSP, and HA is described. In contrast to the DNA/PEI/HA ternary system whose transfection efficiency decreases significantly with increasing serum concentration, PoSC exhibits a high transfection efficiency of about 51 and 87% for NIH3T3 and HCT116 cells, respectively, at 50% ...
Uberall Michael A - - 2012
Abstract Objective To evaluate patients' perceptions of 5% lidocaine medicated plaster for treatment of chronic neuropathic pain in daily clinical practice. Research design and methods In a prospective, multicentre, non-interventional observation, patient-reported outcome data were collected in clinical practices in Germany using the German Pain Questionnaire for pre-treatment documentation and ...
Zatsepin D A - - 2012
Mn(+)-implanted, amorphous SiO(2) samples were synthesized using pulsed-ion implantation without thermal annealing. The crystal and electronic structures have been studied using x-ray diffraction and synchrotron-based soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopy at the Si and Mn L(2,3) edges. We find a combination of small MnO clusters and Si crystallites at ...
Caballo Jorge - - 2012
Alkylation of [{Ti(η(5)-C(5)Me(5))(μ-NH)}(3)(μ(3)-N)] with MeOTf occurs at the imido ligands to produce the methylamido derivative [Ti(3)(η(5)-C(5)Me(5))(3)(μ(3)-N)(μ-NH)(2)(μ-NHMe)(OTf)] which readily rearranges to form the methylimido complex [Ti(3)(η(5)-C(5)Me(5))(3)(μ(3)-N)(μ-NH)(μ-NH(2))(μ-NMe)(OTf)].
Suhr Ole B - - 2012
Liver transplantation (LTx) is currently an accepted treatment for hereditary transthyretin amyloidosis (h-ATTR). However, to optimize the outcome, careful selection of patients is required, since increased mortality compared with that found for nontransplanted historical controls are observed for several groups of h-ATTR patients. We have noted that malnourished patients and ...
Rao Nirmala - - 2012
This study evaluated the relative effectiveness of home-based, community-based, and state-run early childhood programs across Cambodia. A total of 880 five-year-olds (55% girls) from 6 rural provinces in Cambodia attending State Preschools, Community Preschools, Home-Based Programs, or no programs were assessed twice using the Cambodian Developmental Assessment Test. Controlling for ...
Verdu Elena F - - 2012
Acute infectious diarrhea is a frequent occurrence both in the developing world, where it results in considerable mortality, and in developed countries, where it accounts for a significant number of health visits, hospitalizations, and medical and non-medical losses. Recent evidence in basic, clinical, and epidemiological science domains has emerged that ...
Reinhart Kurt O - - 2012
We assessed whether (1) arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of roots (RC) and/or plant responses to arbuscular mycorrhizae (MR) vary with plant phylogeny and (2) MR and RC can be more accurately predicted with a phylogenetic predictor relative to a null model and models with plant trait and taxonomic predictors. In a ...
Berd Mourad - - 2012
The selective excitation of fullerenes encapsulated in single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is carried out by irradiating them using a UV laser, the wavelength of which corresponds exactly to their maximum of absorption. Under such conditions, fullerenes strongly absorb the laser energy, open, and break, while the containing SWCNT merely acts ...
Bangasser D A DA Department of Anesthesiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Stress-related psychiatric disorders are more prevalent in women than men. As hypersecretion of the stress neuromediator, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) has been implicated in these disorders, sex differences in CRF sensitivity could underlie this disparity. Hyperarousal is a core symptom that is shared by stress-related disorders and this has been attributed ...
Lavela S L - - 2012
Study design:Cross-sectional survey of veterans with spinal cord injuries and disorders (SCI/D).Objectives:To describe sleep dysfunction (independent of sleep apnea) in persons with traumatic and non-traumatic SCI/D, and to examine characteristics and health outcomes independently associated with sleep dysfunction unrelated to sleep apnea.Setting:Seven Veterans Affairs SCI care facilities in the United ...
Altintas Ozcan - - 2012
A well-defined random copolymer of styrene (S) and chloromethylstyrene (CMS) featuring lateral chlorine moieties with an alkyne terminal group is prepared (P(S-co-CMS), $\overline{M}_{\rm n}$ = 5500 Da, PDI = 1.13). The chloromethyl groups are converted into Hamilton wedge (HW) entities (P(S-co-HWS), $\overline{M}_{\rm n}$ = 6200 Da, PDI = 1.13). The ...
Wulferding D - - 2012
Despite the conceptional importance of realizing spin liquids in solid states only few compounds are known. On the other hand the effect of lattice distortions and anisotropies on the magnetic exchange topology and the fluctuation spectrum is an interesting problem. We compare the excitation spectra of the two s = 1/2 kagome ...
Sebastian Irene - - 2012
Kevin Smith's utilitarian argument against homeopathy(1) is flawed because he did not review and refute the relevant basic science literature on ultra-high dilutions. He also failed to appreciate that allopathic medicine is based on a deductive-nomothetic method and that homeopathic medicine is based on an inductive-idiographic method, and thus that ...
Usmani S Z - - 2012
To determine whether primary plasma cell leukemia (PPCL) remains a high-risk multiple myeloma feature in the context of contemporary therapy and gene-expression profiling (GEP), we reviewed records of 1474 patients with myeloma, who were enrolled in Total Therapy protocols or treated identically off protocol. A total of 27 patients (1.8%) ...
Nishino Tomoya - - 2012
Peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication in patients with severe chronic kidney disease who are undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). One of the pathological characteristics of peritoneal fibrosis is the infiltration of macrophages in the thickened submesothelial compact zone. In addition, infiltration of lymphocytes, including T and B lymphocytes, is observed ...
Wise Lyn M - - 2012
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, a key regulator of cutaneous blood vessel formation, appears to have an additional role during wound healing, enhancing re-epithelialization. Orf virus, a zoonotic parapoxvirus, induces proliferative skin lesions that initiate in wounds and are characterized by extensive blood vessel formation, epidermal hyperplasia and rete ridge ...
Liu Qiaoling - - 2012
Carboxyfullerenes with different adduct numbers and cage sizes are tested as photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy (PDT). The photodynamic efficiency of these carboxyfullerenes depends mainly on the cage size, C(60) versus C(70) , and to a lesser extent on the adduct numbers. In particular, malonic acid modified C(70) fullerenes are more ...
Yu Tung-Yang - - 2012
PURPOSE.: Grayscale analysis is a practical, objective, and easy way to quantify echogenicity during ultrasonography. The purpose of the current study was to measure the changes in thickness and echogenicity that result from aging of the rotator cuff and long head of the biceps tendons. METHODS.: The study comprised 45 ...
Das Mukunda P - - 2012
Models of nonequilibrium quantum transport underpin all modern electronic devices, from the largest scales to the smallest. Past simplifications such as coarse graining and bulk self-averaging served well to understand electronic materials. Such particular notions become inapplicable at mesoscopic dimensions, edging towards the truly quantum regime. Nevertheless a unifying thread ...
Liu Chun-Peng - - 2012
Aspirin-related peptic ulcers are a common disorder. However, whether or not aspirin should be continued during treatment for aspirin-related ulcers remains unclear. To compare esomeprazole alone with esomeprazole plus aspirin in the treatment of aspirin-related peptic ulcers and to investigate the independent factors associated with the failure of ulcer healing. ...
Poon J-L - - 2012
Summary.  This study describes health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of persons with haemophilia A in the United States (US) and determines associations between self-reported joint pain, motion limitation and clinically evaluated joint range of motion (ROM), and between HRQoL and ROM. As part of a 2-year cohort study, we collected ...
Zhang Yicheng - - 2012
A novel iron-promoted tandem reaction of anilines with styrene oxides via C-C cleavage and C-H activation has been developed. The reaction utilizes an inexpensive FeCl(3) as promoter and is suitable for forming a variety of 3-arylquinolines from the simple and readily available starting materials.
Nelson-Filho Paulo - - 2012
This study evaluated the effect of the systemic use of sodium alendronate in rats in vivo. Forty-five Wistar rats aged 36 to 42 days and weighing 200 to 230 g were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 20), which received distilled water, and an experimental group (n = ...
Pasquet Florian - - 2012
Abstract Purpose: To examine the relation between uveitis and common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Methods: Retrospective analysis of patients included in the French DEFI cohort of adults with CVID and of patients identified by reviewing the literature. Results: Four patients were identified in the DEFI study (frequency of uveitis: 1.6%). The ...
Taskin Fusun - - 2012
PURPOSE.: To describe the sonographic (US) features associated with ultrasonography BI-RADS category 4 lesions that have a benign histopathological outcome. METHODS.: One hundred seventy-two histopathologically proven benign lesions in 169 patients, which had been classified as BI-RADS category 4 with ultrasonography, were retrospectively evaluated. Ultrasonography and histopathology findings were analyzed. ...
Nakayama-Ichiyama Shoko - - 2012
Abstract For differentiating reactive plasmacytosis from clonal plasma cell neoplasms such as plasma cell myeloma (PCM), it is important to determine the expression of the cytoplasmic light chain accurately. Through retrospective analysis, we studied the cytoplasmic kappa/lambda ratio of CD138-positive plasma cells in bone marrow from 50 PCM patients and ...
Wang Chun - - 2012
The item response times (RTs) collected from computerized testing represent an underutilized source of information about items and examinees. In addition to knowing the examinees' responses to each item, we can investigate the amount of time examinees spend on each item. In this paper, we propose a semi-parametric model for ...
Rideout Todd C - - 2012
Reducing intestinal cholesterol absorption with plant sterol consumption is a well-characterized strategy to lower LDL-C and potentially reduce cardiovascular disease risk. However, over 50 years of clinical research demonstrate that there is significant heterogeneity in the individual LDL-C lowering response to plant sterol therapy. A clear understanding of why plant sterols ...
Hockenhull J - - 2012
Reasons for performing study: UK leisure horses are owned primarily for riding. Ridden behaviour problems may compromise the use of the horse in this role and lead to harsh redress or relinquishment of the horse. Despite the consequences of these problems little is known about their prevalence or the working ...
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