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Behre Ulrich - - 2012
Purpose: This paper presents data from two studies that evaluated 5-year and 10-year persistence of antibodies against hepatitis B (HBV) surface antigen (anti-HBs) and immune response to an HBV vaccine challenge in children and adolescents who had received three doses of a HBV vaccine in infancy as part of routine ...
Otomo-Corgel Joan - - 2012
How does low bone mineral density alter treatment decisions? Osteoporosis and osteopenia are major health care issues that may impact on periodontal and implant therapy. Because of the prevalence of osteoporosis, understanding its etiology and the current treatment regimens for patients with low bone mineral density is essential for dental ...
Valorani M G - - 2012
Hypoxia is an important factor in many aspects of stem-cell biology including their viability, proliferation, differentiation and migration. We evaluated whether low oxygen level (2%) affected human adipose tissue mesenchymal stem-cell (hAT-MSC) phenotype, population growth, viability, apoptosis, necrosis and their adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential. hAT-MSCs from four human donors ...
Preshaw Philip M - - 2012
As periodontal researchers and clinicians, we are challenged every day to make decisions relating to the clinical management of our patients and about how best to conduct clinical periodontal research. This volume of Periodontology 2000 addresses some of the critical issues in contemporary clinical periodontics and periodontal research that are ...
Hefti Arthur F - - 2012
Periodontal research typically relies on clinical examiners to assess variables such as gingival inflammation, plaque scores or probing depths as a means of determining treatment outcomes or for performing group comparisons. The quality of the gathered information is dependent, to a large extent, on the skills of the examiner(s) and ...
Pihlstrom Bruce L - - 2012
Dentistry is rapidly entering a new era of evidence-based practice, and society is demanding prevention and treatment that has been proven to be effective in terms of meaningful health outcomes. Practitioners, individual patients and the public need randomized controlled trials because they provide the highest level of scientific evidence to ...
Bröker Michael - - 2012
Neisseria meningitidis is differentiated into 12 distinct serogroups of which A, B, C, W-135, X and Y are medically most important and represent a major health problem in one or more parts of the world. The epidemiology of N. meningitidis is unpredictable over time and across geographic regions. A sudden ...
Hynes Kim - - 2012
The aim of this review is to discuss the clinical utility of stem cells in periodontal regeneration by reviewing relevant literature that assesses the periodontal-regenerative potential of stem cells. We considered and described the main stem cell populations that have been utilized with regard to periodontal regeneration, including bone marrow-derived ...
Oh Hokyung - - 2012
Specific toxicity test is a major quality control test for acellular pertussis (aP) vaccines performed by manufacturers and regulatory authorities. The 'mouse body weight gain test (MWGT)', the 'leukocytosis-promoting test (LPT)' and the 'histamine sensitization test (HIST)' have been conducted to check the specific toxicity of all batches of aP ...
Heine P J - - 2012
This paper describes the development and implementation of a hand exercise intervention for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as part of a large multi-centred randomised controlled trial in a U.K. National Health Service (NHS) setting. Participants are eligible if diagnosed with RA according to American College of Rheumatology criteria, have a history ...
Cortellini Pierpaolo - - 2012
During the past three decades, several surgical techniques have been proposed to treat single and multiple gingival recessions. Evidence indicates that coronally advanced flap-based approaches result in the best clinical results. Among all the different techniques, the use of a graft under a coronally advanced flap results in the best ...
Williams Karen B - - 2012
Randomized controlled trials, in which randomization is used to allocate patients to a treatment arm, are a relatively new concept. Randomized controlled trials are increasingly high-stakes endeavors requiring a high level of planning and considerable financial support. Randomized controlled trials are the gold standard by which effectiveness of various treatments ...
Wang Hom-Lay - - 2012
Gingival recession is a common clinical problem that can result in hypersensitivity, pain, root caries and esthetic concerns. Conventional soft tissue procedures for root coverage require an additional surgical site, thereby causing additional trauma and donor site morbidity. In addition, the grafted tissues heal by repair, with formation of long ...
Kwok Vivien - - 2012
Dentists need to make daily decisions regarding patient care, and these decisions should essentially be scientifically sound. Evidence-based dentistry is meant to empower clinicians to provide the most contemporary treatment. The benefits of applying the evidence-based method in clinical practice include application of the most updated treatment and stronger reasoning ...
Donos Nikolaos - - 2012
It is estimated that advanced periodontitis typically affects about 10% of most adult populations studied. These individuals can be considered highly susceptible to periodontitis and often present difficulties for clinicians in therapeutic decision making, especially when dental implants are involved. Poor plaque control and smoking are well established risk factors ...
Yi Eunhee S - - 2012
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase, and ALK gene rearrangement (ALK+) is implicated in the oncogenesis of non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs), especially adenocarcinomas. The ALK inhibitor crizotinib was approved in August 2011 by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treating late-stage NSCLCs that are ...
Thaler Roman - - 2012
Artificial induction of active DNA demethylation appears to be a possible and useful strategy in molecular biology research and therapy development. Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was shown to cause phenotypic changes in embryonic stem cells altering the genome-wide DNA methylation profiles. Here we report that DMSO increases global and gene-specific DNA ...
Milavetz Barry - - 2012
In eukaryotes, epigenetic information can be encoded in parental cells through modification of histones and subsequently passed on to daughter cells in a process known as transgenerational epigenetic regulation. Simian Virus 40 (SV40) is a well-characterized virus whose small circular DNA genome is organized into chromatin and, as a consequence, ...
Sinn Irene - - 2012
The long turnaround time in antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) endangers patients and encourages the administration of wide spectrum antibiotics, thus resulting in alarming increases of multidrug resistant pathogens. A method for faster detection of bacterial proliferation presents one avenue toward addressing this global concern. We report on a label-free asynchronous ...
Ramseier Christoph A - - 2012
Reconstructive therapies to promote the regeneration of lost periodontal support have been investigated through both preclinical and clinical studies. Advanced regenerative technologies using new barrier-membrane techniques, cell-growth-stimulating proteins or gene-delivery applications have entered the clinical arena. Wound-healing approaches using growth factors to target the restoration of tooth-supporting bone, periodontal ligament ...
Lisanti Sofia S Centre for Integrated Systems Biology of Aging and Nutrition; Institute for Aging and Health; Newcastle University; Newcastle upon Tyne, UK. - - 2012
MeDIP (Methylated DNA Immunoprecipitation) is a relatively recent technique aimed to enrich the methylated fraction of DNA with an antibody directed against 5-methyl-cytosine. MeDIP processed samples are suitable for investigation of the methylation status of specific genomic loci and for performing genome-wide screening when hybridized to DNA methylation microarrays or ...
Bixler Gregory D - - 2012
Biofouling is generally undesirable for many applications. An overview of the medical, marine and industrial fields susceptible to fouling is presented. Two types of fouling include biofouling from organism colonization and inorganic fouling from non-living particles. Nature offers many solutions to control fouling through various physical and chemical control mechanisms. ...
Casal Patricia - - 2012
Field-effect transistors (FETs) are solid-state electrical devices featuring current sources, current drains and semiconductor channels through which charge carriers migrate. FETs can be inexpensive, detect analyte without label, exhibit exponential responses to surface potential changes mediated by analyte binding, require limited sample preparation and operate in real time. ImmunoFETs for ...
Sharma Swati - - 2012
Nanosized gas sensor elements are potentially faster, require lower power, come with a lower limit of detection, operate at lower temperatures, obviate the need for expensive catalysts, are more heat shock resistant and might even come at a lower cost than their macro-counterparts. In the last two decades, there have ...
Boutry Clémentine M - - 2012
A new generation of partially or even fully biodegradable implants is emerging. The idea of using temporary devices is to avoid a second surgery to remove the implant after its period of use, thereby improving considerably the patient's comfort and safety. This paper provides a state-of-the-art overview and an experimental ...
Palacio Manuel L B - - 2012
Bioadhesion refers to the phenomenon where natural and synthetic materials adhere to biological surfaces. An understanding of the fundamental mechanisms that govern bioadhesion is of great interest for various researchers who aim to develop new biomaterials, therapies and technological applications such as biosensors. This review paper will first describe various ...
Maali A - - 2012
In this paper, a review of different techniques used to measure the slip length on superhydrophobic surfaces with large slip length is presented. First, we present the theoretical models used to calculate the effective slip length on superhydrophobic surfaces in different configurations of liquid flow. Then, we present the different ...
Prakash Shaurya - - 2012
Biosensors are a broad array of devices that detect the type and amount of a biological species or biomolecule. Several different types of biosensors have been developed that rely on changes to mechanical, chemical or electrical properties of the transduction or sensing element to induce a measurable signal. Often, a ...
Fan Jia - - 2012
Breast cancer accounted for 15 per cent of total cancer deaths in female patients in 2010. Although significant progress has been made in treating early-stage breast cancer patients, there is still no effective therapy targeting late-stage metastatic breast cancers except for the conventional chemotherapy interventions. Until effective therapy for later-stage ...
Takahashi Paul Y PY Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St NW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2012
Efficiently caring for frail older adults will become an increasingly important part of health care reform;telemonitoring within homes may be an answer to improve outcomes. This study sought to assess differences in hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits among older adults using telemonitoring vs usual care. A randomized controlled trial ...
Schricker Scott R SR Restorative and Prosthetic Dentistry Section, College of Dentistry, Ohio State University, Columbus, 43210, USA. - - 2012
The profile and conformation of proteins that are adsorbed onto a polymeric biomaterial surface have a profound effect on its in vivo performance. Cells and tissue recognize the protein layer rather than directly interact with the surface. The chemistry and morphology of a polymer surface will govern the protein behaviour. ...
Hynson Robert M G - - 2012
Tail-interacting protein of 47 kDa (TIP47) has two putative functions: lipid biogenesis and mannose 6-phosphate receptor recycling. Progress in understanding the molecular details of these two functions has been hampered by the lack of structural data on TIP47, with a crystal structure of the C-terminal domain of the mouse homolog ...
Flint Melanie S - - 2013
Epinephrine and norepinephrine are produced during psychological stress and can directly bind to cells to induce DNA damage. These effects may have more long-lasting consequences such as DNA mutations resulting in an increased potential for cellular transformation and/or tumor progression. This study examined the molecular effects of a chronic (24 ...
Huppke Peter - - 2012
Copper (Cu) is a trace metal that readily gains and donates electrons, a property that renders it desirable as an enzyme cofactor but dangerous as a source of free radicals. To regulate cellular Cu metabolism, an elaborate system of chaperones and transporters has evolved, although no human Cu chaperone mutations ...
Dani Carlo - - 2012
Laser therapy is effective in the treatment of severe forms of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), and aggressive posterior ROP (APROP), but always damages the retina. We report our preliminary findings in seven premature infants with complicated ROP or APROP who were treated with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) as first line monotherapy ...
Pich Oscar Q - - 2012
In Helicobacter pylori, iron balance is controlled by the Ferric uptake regulator (Fur), an iron-sensing repressor protein that typically regulates expression of genes implicated in iron transport and storage. Herein, we carried out extensive analysis of Fur-regulated promoters and identified a 7-1-7 motif with dyad symmetry (5'-TAATAATnATTATTA-3'), which functions as ...
McClure-Begley Tristan D - - 2012
Mouse superficial superior colliculus (SuSC) contains dense GABAergic innervation and diverse nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes. Pharmacological and genetic approaches were used to investigate the subunit compositions of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChR) expressed on mouse SuSC GABAergic terminals. [(125) I]-Epibatidine competition-binding studies revealed that the α3β2* and α6β2* nicotinic subtype-selective peptide ...
Shariatgorji Mohammadreza - - 2012
The limit of detection of low-molecular weight compounds in tissue sections, analyzed by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI), was significantly improved by employing sample washing using a pH-controlled buffer solution. The pH of the washing solutions were set at values whereby the target analytes would have ...
Markaki Yolanda - - 2012
Three-dimensional structured illumination microscopy (3D-SIM) has opened up new possibilities to study nuclear architecture at the ultrastructural level down to the ∼100 nm range. We present first results and assess the potential using 3D-SIM in combination with 3D fluorescence in situ hybridization (3D-FISH) for the topographical analysis of defined nuclear targets. ...
Orion Edith - - 2012
The skin is the organ that acts as a barrier between the outer and inner environments of the body. It is thus exposed not only to a wide variety of physical, chemical, and thermal insults from the outside world but also to inner endogenous stimuli. Stress, once an abstract psychologic ...
Darlenski Razvigor - - 2012
The intact skin represents a barrier to the uncontrolled loss of water, proteins, and plasma components from the organism. Owing to its complex structure, the epidermal barrier with its major layer, the stratum corneum, is the rate-limiting unit for the penetration of exogenous substances through the skin. The epidermal barrier ...
Lodén Marie - - 2012
A daily moisturizing routine is a vital part of the management of patients with atopic dermatitis and other dry skin conditions. The composition of the moisturizer determines whether the treatment strengthens or deteriorates the skin barrier function, which may have consequences for the outcome of the dermatitis. One might expect ...
Gupta Madhulika A - - 2012
A large body of literature supports the role of psychologic stress in urticaria; however, the comorbidity between chronic idiopathic urticaria (CIU) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a classic stress-mediated syndrome, has received little attention. The underlying etiology of urticaria is not identifiable in about 70% of patients, possibly because of ...
Haimovic Adele - - 2012
Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic, granulomatous disease with protean manifestations and variable prognosis. Because the skin can be the only organ in which the disease is recognized, dermatologists may be responsible for the care of sarcoidosis patients. Therefore, dermatologists should be cognizant of the disease's extracutaneous manifestations to assure appropriate evaluation ...
Bajsarowicz Krystyna - - 2012
Brain aggregates (BrnAggs) derived from fetal mouse brains contain mature neurons and glial cells. We determined that BrnAggs are consistently infected with Rocky Mountain Laboratory scrapie strain prions and produce increasing levels of the pathogenic form of the prion protein (PrP). Their abundant dendrites undergo degeneration shortly after prion infection. ...
Gibson Lois - - 2012
This article suggests ways dermatologists can help solve crimes by sharing knowledge with detectives about abnormalities observed in forensic sketches of suspects.
Falasca Marco - - 2012
Class II isoforms of PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) are still the least investigated and characterized of all PI3Ks. In the last few years, an increased interest in these enzymes has improved our understanding of their cellular functions. However, several questions still remain unanswered on their mechanisms of activation, their specific downstream ...
Baroni Adone - - 2012
The most important function of the skin is the formation of a barrier between the "inside" and the "outside" of the organism, which prevents invasion of pathogens and fends off chemical assaults as well as the unregulated loss of water and solutes. The physical barrier is mainly localized in the ...
Choi Seung-Won - - 2012
The Ihh (Indian Hedgehog) pathway plays an essential role in facilitating chondrocyte hypertrophy and bone formation during skeletal development. Nkx3.2 (NK3 homeobox 2) is initially induced in chondrocyte precursor cells, maintained in early-stage chondrocytes and down-regulated in terminal-stage chondrocytes. Consistent with these expression patterns, Nkx3.2 has been shown to enhance ...
Cantón R - - 2012
Clin Microbiol Infect 2012; 18: 413-431 ABSTRACT: Plasmid-acquired carbapenemases in Enterobacteriaceae, which were first discovered in Europe in the 1990s, are now increasingly being identified at an alarming rate. Although their hydrolysis spectrum may vary, they hydrolyse most β-lactams, including carbapenems. They are mostly of the KPC, VIM, NDM and ...
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