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Results 201 - 250 of 5228
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Kobayashi Motoyasu - - 2012
The surface wettabilities of polymer brushes with hydrophobic and hydrophilic functional groups were discussed based on conventional static and dynamic contact angles measurements of water and hexadecane in air, and captive bubble measurement in water. Various types of high-density polymer brushes with nonionic and ionic functional groups were prepared on ...
Leiterer Christian - - 2012
Reliable and efficient identification of DNA is a major goal in on-site diagnostics. One dimensional nanostructures like nanowires (NW) represent potential sensor structures due to their extreme surface-to-bulk ratio, enabling enhanced biomolecule binding which results in optimal signals. While silicon NW are already well studied, NW made from other materials ...
Krishnamoorthy Paramasivam - - 2012
Three new bivalent nickel hydrazone complexes have been synthesised from the reactions of [NiCl(2)(PPh(3))(2)] with H(2)L {L = dianion of the hydrazones derived from the condensation of o-hydroxynaphthaldehyde with furoic acid hydrazide (H(2)L(1)) ()/thiophene-2-acid hydrazide (H(2)L(2)) ()/isonicotinic acid hydrazide (H(2)L(3)) ()} and formulated as [Ni(L(1))(PPh(3))] (), [Ni(L(2))(PPh(3))] () and [Ni(L(3))(PPh(3))] ...
Jungsuttiwong Siriporn - - 2012
The ground-state structure and frontier molecular orbital of D-π-A organic dyes, CFT1A, CFT2A, and CFT1PA were theoretically investigated using density functional theory (DFT) on B3LYP functional with 6-31G(d,p) basis set. The vertical excitation energies and absorption spectra were obtained using time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT). The adsorptions of these dyes on TiO(2) ...
Ko Ji-Ae - - 2012
Semaphorins not only function in axon guidance during development but also contribute to various other biological processes. We have now examined the expression of semaphorin 3A (Sema3A) and its receptor components neuropilin 1 (Npn1) and plexin A (PlxA) during development of the mouse retina. Immunohistofluorescence analysis revealed that the expression ...
Hui Yeung Yu - - 2012
Periodic zinc oxide (ZnO) nanomeshes of different thicknesses were deposited on single-layer graphene to form back-gated field effect transistors (GFETs). The GFETs exhibit tunable electronic properties, featuring n- and p-type characteristics by merely controlling the thickness of the ZnO nanomesh layer. Furthermore, the effect of thermal strain on the GFETs ...
Gregory Casey L - - 2012
Fetal anomalies such as lower urinary tract obstructions and fluid-filled space-occupying lesions in the fetal chest can result in severe morbidity or mortality if left untreated. In-utero fetal shunt placement offers the potential to improve outcomes in infants with these conditions. The role of the nurse is paramount in the ...
Redcay Elizabeth - - 2012
Joint attention behaviors include initiating one's own and responding to another's bid for joint attention to an object, person, or topic. Joint attention abilities in autism are pervasively atypical, correlate with development of language and social abilities, and discriminate children with autism from other developmental disorders. Despite the importance of ...
Khan A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Classical anatomical descriptions fail to describe variants often observed in the axilla as they are based on studies that looked at individual structures in isolation or textbooks of cadaveric dissections. The presence of variant anatomy heightens the risk of iatrogenic injury. The aim of this study was to document ...
Kumari Deepa - - 2012
The present study evaluated protein oxidation, alteration in hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (3β- and 17β HSD) in testes and serum hormonal profiles of dietary zinc deficient Wistar rats. Pre-pubertal rats were divided into three groups: zinc control (ZC), pairfed (PF), and zinc deficient (ZD) and fed 100 ppm (ZC and PF groups) ...
Calvo Patricia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Although refined olive oils (ROOs) exhibit lower quality and less stability toward thermal stress than extra-virgin olive oils, these types of oil are gaining importance in the food industry. The inclusion of ROOs in processed food may alter the oxidative stability of the manufactured products, and therefore having technological ...
Dzodic Radan - - 2012
Thyroglossal duct cyst (TDC) carcinoma is a comparable rare entity and treatment strategies have not been standardized. Here, we report a favorable outcome of TDC carcinoma patients based on our therapeutic strategy. Twelve patients with TDC carcinoma treated in our department from 1986 to 2012 were enrolled. Ten patients underwent ...
Karakan Sebnem - - 2012
Background/objectives: Cardiovascular abnormalities are common in patients with chronic kidney disease. Visfatin influences lipid metabolism, insulin sensitivity, and cardiovascular health. The aim of this study was to explore the relation of serum visfatin to cardiovascular risk factors in nondiabetic peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. Patients and methods: Eighty-seven nondiabetic patients (mean ...
Camci-Unal Gulden - - 2012
Herein we report the first synthesis of a 3-deoxy-d-manno-octulosonic acid (KDO) building block starting from glucose through pathway engineering of Escherichia coli and subsequent chemical modifications to provide an alternative method to produce KDO, found in plant and bacterial oligosaccharides.
Wätterbjörk Inger - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Extended verbal information on prenatal screening was given when combined ultrasound and biochemistry screening test was offered at Örebro County Council, Sweden, in 2008. The aim of this study was to describe pregnant women's and her partners' perceptions of this information model. METHOD: The interviews were semi-structured, and altogether, ...
Girard C - - 2012
Objective  To report our experience of methylaminolevulinate photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT) in the treatment of multiple basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in adults and children with Gorlin syndrome (GS). Design  Report of cases. Setting  University of Montpellier, Department of Dermatology. Patients  Seven Gorlin patients (41 superficial or nodular carcinomas), including two children. ...
Fukui Tomoyasu - - 2012
The reduced levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) 2-cholesterol (C) in diabetes and other metabolic disorders associated with a high risk of cardiovascular disease are well established. Few studies, however, have compared the HDL subspecies in type 1 diabetes (T1D) with those in type 2 diabetes (T2D) with or without insulin. ...
Ching Wei-Min - - 2012
Iron oxidation, in conjunction with NO coordination, achieved a C-H bond activation to convert [Fe(II)(HCTPPCH(3))Br] into [Fe(HCTPPCH(2))(NO)](BF(4)) at ambient temperature. The structural data and theoretical calculations confirmed the role of nitric oxide behaving as a π-accepting ligand to assist the C-H bond activation.
Armenta Sergio - - 2012
The qualitative and quantitative capabilities of IMS as a comprehensive and powerful tool in workplace air monitoring have been demonstrated on the example of a Spanish pharmaceutical company. The developed IMS based procedure is capable to detect and determine in air samples the APIs manipulated and/or produced in this pharmaceutical ...
Gersch Malte - - 2012
Covering: 1900 to 2011The study of biologically active natural products has resulted in seminal contributions to our understanding of living systems. In the case of electrophilic natural products, the covalent nature of their interaction has largely facilitated the identification of their biological binding partners. In this review, we provide a ...
Chiu Hui-Fen - - 2012
Objective: To investigate whether the use of statins was associated with kidney cancer risk. Methods: We conducted a population-based case-control study in Taiwan. Cases consisted of all patients who were aged 50 years and older, and had a first-time diagnosis of kidney cancer for the period between 2005 and 2009. ...
Turkoglu Zafer - - 2012
Recent studies have shown an association between anti-thyroid antibodies and autologous serum skin test (ASST) positive urticaria patients. However, a connection between thyroid and this reliable skin test for mast cell autoreactivity, ASST, has not been reported yet. We investigated ASST in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) without urticaria and ...
Liu Meili - - 2012
Nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes (CNT) can improve axonal connecting in a target direction during regeneration, however, it is limited by the neurotoxicity of CNT. Here we investigate the possible protective effect of nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) against nerve injury, as well as CNT in cultured rat cortical neurons. In this study ...
Schweda Mark - - 2012
Healthcare counts as a morally relevant good whose distribution should neither be left to the free market nor be simply imposed by governmental decisions without further justification. This problem is particularly prevalent in the current boom of anti-ageing medicine. While the public demand for medical interventions which promise a longer, ...
Sergio Torloni A - - 2012
Therapeutic apheresis medicine requires in-depth knowledge of physiology, disease mechanisms as well as a thorough understanding of the parameters that can be adjusted in the instrument that are used. We report two cases where critical decision making was crucial during management of patients being treated with therapeutic apheresis. Case 1 ...
Xu Zhixiang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Olaquindox, as one of the antimicrobial growth accelerants, is usually used in livestock production to improve feed efficiency. Due to health concerns over possible carcinogenic, mutagenic and photoallergenic effects of olaquindox on animals, the development of simple, rapid and sensitive analytical method for determination of olaquindox is crucial and ...
Saini Archana - - 2012
Aims:  Incidental observation of a discrepancy in identification of Vibrio cholerae prompted a study to understand the ability of an automated microbial identification system to identify this important pathogen. Methods and Results:  Twenty clinical isolates of V.cholerae showing difference in genetic profiles by Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) fingerprinting, serologically ...
Paterson Ian - - 2012
Due to a combination of their promising anticancer properties, limited supply from the marine sponge source and their unprecedented molecular architecture, spirastrellolides represent attractive and challenging synthetic targets. A modular strategy for the synthesis of spirastrellolide A methyl ester, which allowed for the initial stereochemical uncertainties in the assigned structure ...
Chevallier P - - 2012
So far the impact of cytogenetics risk on outcome in the context of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allo-SCT has been poorly studied. We have identified 378 AML patients in first CR who underwent RIC allo-SCT from an HLA-matched sibling donor between 2000 and 2007 reported to the European Group for ...
Niederberger Thomas D - - 2012
Aeolian transport of biomass from ephemerally wetted soils, associated with summer glacial melt-water runoffs and lake-edges, to low productivity areas of the Antarctic Dry Valleys (DV) has been postulated to be an important source of organic matter (fixed-nitrogen and -carbon) to the entire DV ecosystem. However, descriptions and identification of ...
Wang Yang - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between work-family conflict and burnout, and the mediating role of psychological capital (PsyCap) in the relation between work-family conflict and burnout, among Chinese doctors. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed during the period of September/October 2010. A questionnaire that ...
Héritier Sébastien - - 2012
Gorham's disease is a rare condition of unknown etiology, which is characterized by intra-osseous vascular abnormalities leading to osteolysis and sometimes, extension to adjacent tissues. Although there is no histological evidence of malignancy, the lesions display an aggressive potential responsible of osteolysis with pathological fractures and respiratory failure. The extension ...
Bethge W A - - 2012
A total of 20 patients enrolled in a multicenter phase II dose escalation study of radioimmunotherapy (RIT) using yttrium-90-ibritumomab tiuxetan at two dose levels (22 and 30 MBq/kg) in 10 patients, combined with reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) using fludarabine, melphalan and alemtuzumab followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from either ...
Hatano Manabu - - 2012
A highly effective catalytic enantioselective direct aminal synthesis was developed. Chiral ammonium 1,1'-binaphthyl-2,2'-disulfonates, which were prepared in situ from (R)-BINSA and achiral amines, promoted the enantioselective addition of primary amides to aromatic aldimines.
Sabaliauskaite Rasa - - 2012
Prostate cancer (PCa) is a heterogeneous disease with diverse clinical outcomes. TMPRSS2-ERG is the most common gene fusion in PCa, whereas activation of telomerase is a common feature of various malignancies. The aim of our study was to explore the combined utility of these and some other biomarkers in predicting ...
Ceafalan Laura - - 2012
Telocytes (TCs), a particular interstitial cell type, have been recently described in a wide variety of mammalian organs (www.telocytes.com). TCs are identified morphologically by a small cell body and extremely long (tens to hundreds of μm), thin prolongations (less than 100 nm in diameter, below the resolving power of light ...
Huang Shu-Ling - - 2012
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of and differences in certain health complaints, including physical symptoms and psychological distress, among workers in different occupational categories and to explore the associations between occupational category and each complaint. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered ...
Pérez-Armendariz Elia Martha - - 2012
To identify when during fetal development connexins (Cxs) 26 (Cx26) 32 (Cx32), and 36 (Cx36) begin to be expressed, as well as to characterize their spatial distribution, real time polymerase chain reaction and immunolabeling studies were performed. Total RNA from mouse pancreases at 13 and 18 days postcoitum (dpc) and ...
Liu Jiehua - - 2012
Two dimensional nanoarchitectures are of great interest in lithium storage for energy-storage devices, in particular lithium-ion batteries, due to its shortened paths for fast lithium ion diffusion and large exposed surface offering more lithium-insertion channels. Their competitive lithium-storage features provide huge potentials to develop next-generation high-performance lithium-ion batteries. This review ...
Fiss Thomas - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Drug intake is associated with a risk of drug-related problems, for example, the intake of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM), especially for cognitively impaired individuals. The proportion of PIM taken by immobile individuals, especially patients with suspicion of dementia in the AGnES studies (German: Arzt-entlastende Gemeinde-nahe E-Health-gestützte Systemische Intervention), and ...
Hong Jin Hee - - 2012
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is the master clock in mammals governing the daily physiological and behavioral rhythms. It is composed of thousands of clock cells with their own intrinsic periods varying over a wide range (20-28 h). Despite this heterogeneity, an intact SCN maintains a coherent 24 h periodic rhythm through some ...
Thoradeniya T - - 2012
Thoradeniya T., de silva A., Arambepola C., Atukorala S. & Lanerolle P. (2012) Portion size estimation aids for Asian foods. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Background:  Portion size estimation is fundamental to the accuracy of dietary recall, as well as interventions in obesity. Data on portion size estimation aids (PSEA) ...
Suzuki Yumi - - 2012
The ability of fungi to use carbon sources metabolised via the TCA cycle requires gluconeogenesis. In Aspergillus nidulans the AcuK and AcuM transcription factors regulate the expression of the gluconeogenic genes acuF, encoding phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, and acuG, encoding fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. Expressed proteins containing the AcuK/AcuM N-terminal DNA binding domains bind together ...
Ma Li-Jun - - 2012
Here we report a histidine-based fluorescence probe for Cu(2+) and Hg(2+) , in which the amino group and imino group were modified by two common protective groups, 9-fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl and trityl group, respectively. In a water/methanol mixed solution, the probe displayed a selective fluorescence "turn-off" response to Cu(2+) when the ratio ...
Lee Mi-Young - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To establish the reference range of intracranial translucency (IT) in the Korean population, and to evaluate whether Volume IT™ is a reliable technique for measuring IT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the IT of 93 singleton fetuses at 10.5 to 12.6 weeks of gestation using previously obtained three-dimensional volume data. The ...
Bhalla Tarun - - 2012
TBI and its sequelae remain a major healthcare issue throughout the world. With an improved understanding of the pathophysiology of TBI, refinements of monitoring technology, and ongoing research to determine optimal care, the prognosis of TBI continues to improve. In 2003, the Society of Critical Care Medicine published guidelines for ...
Glišić Biljana Đ - - 2012
The present review article highlights recent findings in the field of gold(iii) complexes with amino acids, peptides and proteins. The first section of this article provides an overview of the gold(iii) reactions with amino acids, such as glycine, alanine, histidine, cysteine and methionine. The second part of the review is ...
Molfino Nestor A - - 2012
Severe asthma continues to be an important source of morbidity despite the availability of bronchodilators and corticosteroids. Although new treatments are needed, better identification of asthma phenotypes may improve treatment effectiveness. One phenotype that has emerged is eosinophilic asthma. Eosinophils in asthma have been studied for many years, and the ...
Vittadini Andrea - - 2012
The identification of defects and their controlled generation in titanate nanostructures is a key to their successful application in photoelectronic devices. We comprehensively explored the effect of vacuum annealing on morphology and composition of Na<sub>2</sub>Ti<sub>3</sub>O<sub>7</sub> nanowires and protonated H<sub>2</sub>Ti<sub>3</sub>O<sub>7</sub> nanoscrolls using a combination of scanning electron microscopy, Auger and FT-IR ...
Vavalle J P - - 2012
Background: The REG2 anticoagulation system consists of pegnivacogin, a subcutaneously administered aptamer factor IXa inhibitor, and its intravenous control agent, anivamersen. Objectives: To assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic response of REG2. Patients/Methods: In this Phase 1a study, 36 healthy volunteers were enrolled into 5 cohorts and given 1 dose of ...
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