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Chow Edward Kai-Hua EK Department of Microbiology and Immunology, G. W. Hooper Research Foundation, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2012
At least some cancer stem cells (CSCs) display intrinsic drug resistance that may thwart eradication of a malignancy by chemotherapy. We explored the genesis of such resistance by studying mouse models of liver cancer driven by either MYC or the combination of oncogenic forms of activation of v-akt murine thymoma ...
Ali Muhammad - - 2012
The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is increasing among hospitalized patients. Liver transplantation (LT) patients are at higher risk for acquiring CDI. Small, single-center studies (but no nationwide analyses) have assessed this association. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (2004-2008) for this ...
Li Suzanne C - - 2012
Juvenile localized scleroderma (LS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with substantial morbidity and disability. Although a wide range of therapeutic strategies has been reported in the literature, a lack of agreement on treatment specifics and accepted methods for clinical assessment has made it difficult to compare approaches and ...
Shin So Young - - 2012
To explore the prevalence and possible predictors of cognitive impairment in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Individuals from a longitudinal cohort study of RA participated in a study visit that included a range of physical, psychosocial, and biologic metrics. Cognitive function was assessed using a battery of 12 standardized neuropsychological ...
Loomba Rohit - - 2012
Previous studies have shown familial aggregation of insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Therefore, we aimed to examine whether family history of diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and fibrosis in patients with NAFLD. This was a cross-sectional analysis in participants of the NAFLD Database ...
Kawai Daisuke - - 2012
Oxidative stress is a strong contributor to the progression from simple fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Molecular hydrogen is an effective antioxidant that reduces cytotoxic reactive oxygen species. In this study, we investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich water and the drug pioglitazone on the progression of NASH in mouse ...
James Judith A - - 2012
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a heterogeneous human disease influenced by a complex interplay of necessary, but not individually sufficient, factors. Although many genetic and environmental factors are associated with SLE, this review will focus on the evolving evidence for key Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific roles in SLE, focusing on new ...
Lindsley R Coleman - - 2012
Mature B-cell lymphomas bearing concurrent chromosomal rearrangement of MYC/8q24 and BCL2/18q21 are associated with an aggressive clinical course and resistance to conventional chemotherapy. This review summarizes the recent literature regarding the clinical and pathologic features of double-hit lymphomas and outlines current questions about the most accurate and inclusive definition of ...
Cooke Anne A Department of Pathology, University of Cambridge, Tennis Court Rd, Cambridge, UK. - - 2012
Parasitic worms have evolved strategies to manipulate the host immune system, some of which may lead to a reduction in inflammation. Characterisation of the ways in which these organisms mediate an anti-inflammatory response and identification of parasite-derived molecules involved in immune modulation paves the way to novel therapeutic approaches for ...
Sharma Deepak D Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. - - 2012
Hypotension after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with poor outcomes. However, data on intraoperative hypotension (IH) are scarce and the effect of anesthetic agents on IH is unknown. We examined the prevalence and risk factors for IH, including the effect of anesthetic agents during emergent craniotomy for isolated TBI. ...
Nabinger Sarah C SC Department of Pediatrics, Herman B Wells Center for Pediatric Research, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2012
The protein tyrosine phosphatase Shp2 is encoded by PTPN11 and positively regulates physiologic hematopoiesis. Mutations of PTPN11 cause the congenital disorder Noonan syndrome and pathologically promote human leukemias. Given the high frequency of PTPN11 mutations in human disease, several animal models have been generated to investigate Shp2 in hematopoietic stem ...
McLenachan Samuel - - 2012
The proper differentiation and threat of cancer rising from the application of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are major bottlenecks in the field and are thought to be inherently linked to the pluripotent nature of iPS cells. To address this question, we have compared iPS cells to embryonic stem cells ...
Zheng Zhaohua - - 2012
The binding mechanism of a new class of lipid-competitive, ATP non-competitive, p110α isoform-selective PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) inhibitors has been elucidated. Using the novel technique of isoform reciprocal mutagenesis of non-conserved amino acids in the p110α and p110β isoforms, we have identified three unique binding mechanisms for the p110α-selective inhibitors PIK-75, ...
Pierce Larry - - 2012
Physical positioning of scintillation crystal detector blocks in Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanners is not always exact. We test a proof of concept methodology for the determination of the six degrees of freedom for detector block positioning errors by utilizing a rotating point source over stepped axial intervals. To test ...
Sultana Rukhsana R Department of Chemistry, Center of Membrane Sciences, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40506, - - 2012
The single methionine (Met/M) residue of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptide, at position 35 of the 42-mer, has important relevance for Aβ-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity. Recent in vivo brain studies in a transgenic (Tg) Alzheimer disease (AD) mouse model with Swedish and Indiana familial AD mutations in human amyloid precursor protein ...
Junghans Peter - - 2012
During the 29th Soviet Antarctic Expedition in Novolazarevskaya from March 1984 to March 1985, the protein and energy metabolisms were studied in six expeditioners from the German Democratic Republic. The investigations were carried out at the beginning of the expedition (May), during the polar night (July) and during the polar ...
Junghans Peter - - 2012
In the present paper, a survey of methods applied to the interpretation and evaluation of tracer kinetic data is given. For their mathematical description, both compartmental and non-compartmental models, such as the modified model of Sprinson and Rittenberg, the San Pietro-Rittenberg model, two models of the albumin metabolism and a ...
Yang Jian - - 2012
The renin-angiotensin (Ang) system controls blood pressure, in part, by regulating renal tubular sodium transport. In the kidney, activation of the angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor increases renal sodium reabsorption, whereas the angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor produces the opposite effect. We hypothesized that the AT(2) receptor regulates ...
Bose Anamika A Department of Dermatology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2012
Axitinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors, has demonstrated modest efficacy when applied as a single agent in the setting of advanced-stage melanoma. On the basis of the reported ability of axitinib to 'normalize' the tumor vasculature, we hypothesize that combination therapy using axitinib plus specific ...
Baris Dalsu D Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, NIH/DHHS, North Bethesda, MD 20852, USA. - - 2013
A few epidemiologic studies have found that use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with reduced risk of bladder cancer. However, the effects of specific NSAID use and individual variability in risk have not been well studied. We examined the association between NSAIDs use and bladder cancer risk, and ...
Blanchet X - - 2012
The family of serpins is known to fold into a metastable state that is required for the proteinase inhibition mechanism. One of the consequences of this conformational flexibility is the tendency of some mutated serpins to form polymers, which occur through the insertion of the reactive center loop of one ...
Hassanali Ali A AA Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich and Università della Svizzera Italiana, Lugano, Switzerland. - - 2012
The motion of the excess proton is understood as a process involving interconversion between two limiting states, namely, the Eigen and Zundel cations. Nuclear quantum effects (NQE) and the organization of the surrounding solvent play a significant role in this process. However, little is known about how these factors can ...
Moloney Teresa C - - 2012
Although bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are an attractive cell therapy candidate, their potential is limited by poor survival following transplantation. Over-expression of anti-apoptotic heat shock proteins using viral vectors can improve the survival of these cells under stressful conditions in vitro and in vivo. It is also possible ...
Zhao Qingquan - - 2012
Derivatives of 4-hydroxyproline with a series of hydrophobic groups in well-defined orientations have been tested as catalysts for the aldol reactions. All of the modified proline catalysts carry out the intermolecular aldol reaction in water and provide high diastereoselectivity and enantioselectivity. Modified prolines with aromatic groups syn to the carboxylic ...
Miyashiro Tim T Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53706-1521, USA. - - 2012
The bioluminescence emitted by the marine bacterium Vibrio fischeri is a particularly striking result of individual microbial cells co-ordinating a group behaviour. The genes responsible for light production are principally regulated by the LuxR-LuxI quorum-sensing system. In addition to LuxR-LuxI, numerous other genetic elements and environmental conditions control bioluminescence production. ...
Halpern Leslie Robin - - 2012
Inflammatory diseases of the upper and lower airways act not as individual entities but more as an integrated unit-the concept of the unified airway. This article focuses on the role of allergic rhinitis (AR) in the unified airway. An overview of AR and its association with upper and lower airway ...
Shah Bhavik M - - 2012
The elderly are at risk for polypharmacy, which is associated with significant consequences such as adverse effects, medication nonadherence, drug-drug and drug-disease interactions, and increased risk of geriatric syndromes. Providers should evaluate all existing medications at each patient visit for appropriateness and weigh the risks and benefits of starting new ...
Rohrbaugh Michael J - - 2012
We describe a social cybernetic view of health behavior problems and a team-based family consultation (FAMCON) format for strategic intervention based on that view. This approach takes relationships rather than individuals as the primary unit of analysis and attaches more importance to problem maintenance than to etiology. Treatment aims to ...
Fraga Carlos Alberto de Carvalho - - 2012
This study investigated the immunodetection of CD57 inflammatory cells in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and its association with clinicopathological parameters and overall survival. Data collected from the morphological analysis and immunohistochemical reaction testing of archived HNSCC specimens (n=70) were statistically analyzed by bivariate and multivariate ...
Zalai Dénes - - 2012
Mixed substrate feeding strategies are frequently investigated to enhance the productivity of recombinant Pichia pastoris processes. For this purpose, numerous fed batch experiments or time-consuming continuous cultivations are required to optimize control parameters such as the substrate mixing ratio and the applied methanol concentration. In this study, we decoupled the ...
Kivelev Juri - - 2012
The incidence of cavernomas in the general population ranges from 0.3% to 0.5%. They frequently occur in young adults, usually being detected between the second and fifth decade of life, in both sporadic and familial forms. Patients with inherited cavernomas are typically affected by multiple lesions, whereas sporadic forms mostly ...
Dym Harry - - 2012
The practicing oral and maxillofacial surgeon treating patients with oroantral communication (OAC)/oroantral fistulas should be familiar and competent with the various treatment options available. Multiple techniques are available from purely soft tissue flaps, which have proved to be successful over time, to a combination of hard tissue grafts (autologous, alloplastic, ...
Galeone Massimiliano - - 2012
We report a case of a 30-year-old woman with vegetative lesions in the perianal area to highlight the importance of considering perianal Crohn disease in the differential diagnosis of a resistant condylomata acuminata that does not improve after treatment.
Cheng Wen-Wen - - 2012
Oxidative stress is a major factor contributing to endothelial cell damage. Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) have oxidative properties; however, the oxidative effects of SWCNTs on endothelial cells are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of oxidative stress induced by SWCNTs on rat aortic endothelial cells ...
Moench Thomas R - - 2012
: An objective and accurate method that measures adherence to vaginal microbicide gel regimens during clinical trials could provide more accurate estimates of microbicide efficacy, aid in targeting adherence promotion resources, and enable objective assessment of adherence promotion strategies. : We evaluated 4 methods to assess whether or not gel ...
Kwan Benjamin - - 2012
: Men are recommended to not urinate for at least 1 hour before urine testing for Chlamydia trachomatis, but some studies have shown that recent urination does not impact test sensitivity for nucleic acid amplification tests. The objective of this study was to estimate the sensitivity of chlamydia testing using ...
Peperzak Victor - - 2012
Summary:  The regulation of cell death is crucial for normal immune responses. Apoptosis is required for appropriate affinity-based recruitment of B cells into an immune response, for the normal expansion, contraction - and thereby selection - of B cells within germinal centers, and also for the normal expansion, contraction, and ...
Stevens Tyler - - 2012
Oxidative stress is intimately involved in the pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis (CP), and its quantification may represent a useful biomarker. The aim was to determine whether oxidized fatty acid (OxFA) levels in serum and/or pancreatic fluid are elevated in CP. Patients evaluated for abdominal pain were classified into 3 groups ...
Shlomchik Mark J - - 2012
A hallmark of adaptive immune responses is the generation of long-lived protection after primary exposure to a pathogen. In humoral responses, this protection stems from a combination of sustained antibody titers and long-lived memory B cells (MBCs), with the former deriving from long-lived plasma cells (PCs). Both types of cell ...
McCrady Barbara S - - 2012
Couple therapy for treating alcohol use disorders (AUDs) results in less drinking and greater relationship stability and satisfaction in both men and women with AUDs. The theoretical tenets, treatment methods, and research evidence for Alcohol Behavioral Couple Therapy (ABCT) are summarized. The application of ABCT is illustrated through the treatment ...
Iiboshi Tomohiro - - 2012
We examined the results of pancreatic juice cytodiagnosis using the method of endoscopic nasopancreatic drainage (ENPD) to identify pancreatic carcinoma in situ and compared the images and pathologic diagnosis of pancreatic carcinoma in situ as well as clinicopathologic characteristics. In patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and had ENPD place, ...
Plant Aaron - - 2012
: This article presents an evaluation of inSPOTLA.org, a sexually transmitted disease partner notification Web site in Los Angeles County primarily targeting men who have sex with men (MSM). Since its launch in 2005, this Web site has received more than 400,000 visitors and resulted in nearly 50,000 e-mail postcards ...
Gurses Iclal - - 2012
To evaluate inhibin-A immunoreactivity and its utility in the differential diagnosis of nervous system neoplasms and non-neoplastic lesions. An immunohistochemical study of 252 central and peripheral nervous system tumors and 40 non-neoplastic lesions was undertaken. Brain lesions included the basic spectrum of astrocytic, oligodendroglial, and ependymal neoplasms, as well as ...
Chen Su Mei - - 2012
  To provide a meta-analyisis on whether obesity could be a prognostic indicator on the severity, development of complications and mortality of acute pancreatitis (AP).   Eligible articles were retrieved using electronic databases. Clinical studies evaluating the association between obesity and disease course of patients with AP were included. Weighted ...
Sudan Ranjan - - 2012
: To assess the impact of surgeon, patient, and case-specific factors on the learning curve of robot-assisted laparoscopic biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (RA-LBPD/DS). : The BPD/DS has better resolution of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia, and the best long-term weight loss compared to the laparoscopic gastric band or the Roux-en-Y gastric ...
Janier Michel - - 2012
Although there is no data in the literature, some textbooks recommend fractioning the injection of benzathine penicillin G (BPG) for alleviating the pain. In a monocentric study done in 50 consecutive patients with late syphilis. Patients were assigned to receive 1 dose of 2.4 million units BPG intramuscularly the first ...
Linterman Michelle A - - 2012
Summary:  Human and mouse studies performed over the last decade have established that follicular helper T (Tfh) cells are a CD4(+) helper subset specialized in the provision of help to B cells. Tfh differentiation is driven by expression of the transcriptional repressor B-cell lymphoma-6 (Bcl-6), which turns on a program ...
Arroyo Antonio - - 2012
: To evaluate the long-term clinical and manometric results of fistulotomy and sphincter reconstruction for the treatment of complex fistula-in-ano. : Complex fistula-in-ano is difficult to treat due to the occurrence of postoperative anal incontinence and the high rate of recurrence. : Seventy patients who were diagnosed with complex fistula-in-ano ...
Cañadas-Garre Marisa - - 2012
To evaluate prospectively the usefulness of the routine determination of BRAF(T1799A) mutation on thyroid fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) to detect cytopathology false negative papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) and, therefore, as a tool to improve the sensitivity of the preoperative cytopathological diagnosis of PTC in thyroid nodules. FNAB is the most ...
Hoover Karen W - - 2012
BACKGROUND:: HIV-infected men who have sex with men (MSM) are at increased risk of viral hepatitis because of similar behavioral risk factors for acquisition of these infections. Our objective was to estimate adherence to HIV management guidelines that recommend screening HIV-infected persons for hepatitis A, B, and C infection, and ...
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