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Chivall David - - 2012
Compound-specific stable hydrogen isotope analysis of fatty acids is being used increasingly as a means of deriving information from a diverse range of materials of archaeological, geological and environmental interest. Preparative steps required prior to isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) analysis have the potential to alter determined δD values and ...
Salbo Rune - - 2012
The collision cross-section (Ω) of a protein or protein complex ion can be measured using traveling-wave (T-wave) ion mobility (IM) mass spectrometry (MS) via calibration with compounds of known Ω. The T-wave Ω-values depend strongly on instrument parameters and calibrant selection. Optimization of instrument parameters and calibration standards are crucial ...
Vicars William C - - 2012
The (17) O-excess (Δ(17) O) of tropospheric ozone (O(3) ) serves as a useful marker in studies of atmospheric oxidation pathways; however, due to the complexity and expense of currently available analytical techniques, no systematic sampling campaign has yet been undertaken and natural variations in Δ(17) O(O(3) ) are therefore ...
Li Yuanyuan - - 2012
A two-layered polymeric membrane is employed for the formation of separated dried plasma spots from whole blood as an alternative to the direct analysis of whole dried blood spots (DBS). This dried plasma spot (DPS) analysis procedure precludes potential issues of hematocrit differences in whole blood samples while providing pharmokinetic ...
Téllez Helena - - 2012
Residual quantities of explosives deposited on, or absorbed in, nearby surfaces can be of forensic value in post-blast analysis. As secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) may be a suitable analytical approach for the screening of such residues, its performance was evaluated. The analyses were carried out in a SIMS instrument ...
Hedenus Michael - - 2012
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are approved to treat anemia in patients with non-myeloid malignancies receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy. ESAs reduce transfusion rates, but some clinical studies suggest that ESAs may reduce survival or increase disease progression. This study-level meta-analysis examined the effects of darbepoetin alfa, epoetin alfa or epoetin beta on mortality, ...
Wolf Michael - - 2012
Residual periodontal ligament (PDL) cells in the damaged tissue are considered a prerequisite for a successful regeneration of the periodontal architecture with all its components, including gingiva, PDL, cementum, and bone. Among other approaches, current concepts in tissue engineering aim at a hormonal support of the regenerative capacity of PDL ...
Xie Zhengwei Z Center for Quantitative Biology, and the State Key Laboratory for Artificial Microstructures and Mesoscopic Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, - - 2012
Budding yeast has served as an important model organism for aging research, and previous genetic studies have led to the discovery of conserved genes/pathways that regulate lifespan across species. However, the molecular causes of aging and death remain elusive, because it is very difficult to directly observe the cellular and ...
Sukumaran Vijayakumar - - 2012
Angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) is a monocarboxypeptidase that metabolises angiotensin (ANG)-II into angiotensin 1-7 (ANG 1-7), thereby functioning as a negative regulator of the renin-angiotensin system. We investigated whether treatment with ANG-II type 1 receptor blocker, olmesartan medoxomil is associated with the attenuation of cardiac myosin-induced dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) through ...
Oliveira Michelli F MF Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2012
HIV proviral DNA integration into the host chromosome is carried out by integrase becoming an important target antiretroviral therapy. Raltegravir was the first integrase inhibitor approved for use in HIV therapy and elvitegravir is in the late phase of clinical development; both show good results in monotherapy studies and may ...
Joyal Jean-Sébastien - - 2012
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a major cause of severe visual deficits in children. This review focuses on the role of newly identified factors from retinal neurons, which through their opposing actions on vascular development contribute to ROP. These hypoxia-generated mediators include the Krebs cycle intermediate, succinate acting via GPR91, ...
Janvier Annie - - 2012
When physicians are asked for a consult for women in premature labour, they face a complex set of challenges. Policy statements recommend that women be given detailed information about the risks of various outcomes, including death, long-term disability and various specific neonatal problems. Both personal narratives and studies suggest that ...
Ghosh Debashree - - 2012
The effect of hydration on the lowest vertical ionization energy (VIE) of phenol and phenolate solvated in bulk water was characterized using the equation-of-motion ionization potential coupled-cluster (EOM-IP-CCSD) and effective fragment potential (EFP) methods (referred to as EOM/EFP) and determined experimentally by valence photoemission measurements using microjets and synchrotron radiation. ...
Jones Clinton F - - 2012
Poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers have been proposed for a variety of biomedical applications and are increasingly studied as model nanomaterials for such use. The dendritic structure features both modular synthetic control of molecular size and shape and presentation of multiple equivalent terminal groups. These properties make PAMAM dendrimers highly functionalizable, versatile ...
Choe Seong-Kyu - - 2012
The zebrafish is well established as a model organism for the study of vertebrate embryogenesis, but transgenic lines enabling restricted gene expression are still lacking for many tissues. We first generated the hoxb1a(β-globin):eGFP(um8) line that expresses eGFP in hindbrain rhombomere 4 (r4), as well as in facial motor neurons migrating ...
Rogers Lynette K - - 2012
To test the hypothesis that plasma lipid metabolite levels in premature infants are associated with the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). The studies also tested a secondary hypothesis that plasma lipid metabolite levels were correlated with gestational age. Infants born <32 weeks' gestation were enrolled during the first 72 h ...
Calkins Sarah - - 2012
Two of the most important issues in continuing pathology education are the definition of a content expert and the issue of recognizing the "practice gaps." Purposeful definition of these concepts are critical in recognizing how the expert can be utilized to maintain an effective continuing pathology education, and what really ...
Marin Jose J G - - 2012
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in industrialized countries. Chemoprevention is a promising approach, but studies demonstrating their usefulness in large populations are still needed. Among several compounds with chemopreventive ability, cyclooxygenase inhibitors have received particular attention. However, these ...
Montagnese S - - 2012
Summary.  Neuropsychological assessment has three main applications in clinical hepatology: (i) to detect, grade and monitor liver failure-related cognitive alterations in end-stage liver disease (hepatic encephalopathy), (ii) to substantiate complaints of attention or concentration difficulties in patients with non-cirrhotic chronic hepatitis C viral infection, and (iii) to screen patients who ...
Deroide Nicolas - - 2012
Introduction: Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an innovative tool for exploring focal neuropathies. However, its usefulness in mild, proximal, or chronic lesions, when electromyography (EMG), the current "gold standard" sensitivity is inadequate, has yet to be studied. Methods: Clinical, MRI, and EMG examinations were performed in 113 muscles of ...
Matsumoto F - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to clarify the responsiveness of the chicken basilar artery to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and acetylcholine (ACh) and to characterize the related receptor subtypes in vitro. Basilar arteries were obtained from freshly slaughtered broiler chickens. The 5-HT induced concentration-dependent contraction of the arteries. The concentration-response ...
Chapman Erin M - - 2012
Pulmonary hyalinizing granulomas (PHGs) are unusual fibrosclerotic inflammatory lung lesions. The organ-based manifestations of the recently defined IgG4-related sclerosing disease typically show dense fibrosis and heavy lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates. IgG4-related sclerosing disease is also defined by increased serum IgG4 levels and increased tissue levels of IgG4-positive plasma cells. The morphologic features ...
Bhattacharya T K - - 2012
The Pit-1 gene is involved in regulation of muscle growth through controlling the expression of growth hormone, prolactin, and transforming growth factor-β genes in chicken. The objectives of the study were to explore polymorphisms of the Pit-1 gene and to estimate the effect of these polymorphisms on growth traits in ...
Cuff Justin - - 2012
An understanding of statistics is essential for analysis of many types of data including data sets typically reported in surgical pathology research papers. Fortunately, a relatively small number of statistical tests apply to data relevant to surgical pathologists. An understanding of when to apply these tests would greatly benefit surgical ...
Edgecombe Allison - - 2012
: The utility of cytokeratin (CK)5/6 in distinguishing reactive urothelial atypia (RA) from urothelial carcinoma in situ (CIS) and from noninvasive component of high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma (PUC) is unknown. : Twenty RA with or without papillary hyperplasia and 90 noninvasive components of neoplastic urothelial lesions were submitted for immunostaining ...
Rutkove Seward B - - 2012
Introduction: New approaches for assessing disease progression in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) are needed. In this study, we evaluate whether electrical impedance myography (EIM) can detect disease progression in SMA compared with a group of healthy children of similar age. Methods: Twenty-eight children with SMA and 20 normal children underwent ...
Singh Baljinder - - 2012
Explosives are synthesized globally mainly for military munitions. Nitrate esters, such as GTN and PETN, nitroaromatics like TNP and TNT and nitramines with RDX, HMX and CL20, are the main class of explosives used. Their use has resulted in severe contamination of environment and strategies are now being developed to ...
Jiménez-Díaz Fernando - - 2012
In this study we correlated ultrasound findings with histological changes taking place during experimentally induced degeneration-regeneration in rat skeletal muscle. Gastrocnemius muscles were injected with mepivacaine, and the progress of the muscle injury was monitored by ultrasound from day 1 to day 20. Muscles were extracted on the same days ...
Mallitt Kylie-Ann - - 2012
Background Trends in HIV diagnoses differ across Australia and are primarily driven by men who have sex with men (MSM). We use national population surveillance data to estimate the incidence of HIV infections among MSM by jurisdiction and infer the proportion of undiagnosed infections. Methods: Annual surveillance data for AIDS ...
Graham Rondell P D - - 2012
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is characterized by chronic nonsuppurative destructive cholangitis, which is considered to be a cell-mediated immune reaction. Antigen-presenting cells, including Langerhans cells and dendritic cells, have been found in portal tracts and in bile duct epithelium and may play a role in the pathogenesis of PBC, but ...
Ariyadi B - - 2012
The aim of this study was to determine the differences in the mucin expression that forms a mucosal surface barrier in the oviduct between laying and molting hens. The lower segments of oviducts (isthmus, uterus, and vagina) of White Leghorn laying and molting hens were collected. Localization and gene expression ...
Brewer V B - - 2012
Phase feeding (PF) has been effective at maintaining broiler growth while reducing production cost, but the effect on different broiler strains grown in a small-bird production scenario has not been assessed. Three strains of commercial broilers were fed a diet containing average industry nutrient levels from 0 to 18 d. ...
Zhou X D - - 2012
This study was conducted to determine the influence of vitamin E on the retinol binding protein (RBP) and cytochrome p450 family 26 subfamily A polypeptide 1 (CYP26A1), which are specific transporters and catabolic enzymes of vitamin A, respectively. In the in vivo experiments, a total of 450 laying hens was ...
Boneberger Anja - - 2012
The aim of this secondary analysis was to present cross-national data about HIV/AIDS related knowledge among 13- to 15-year-old school-going adolescents from the Middle East and North Africa. Data from 23673 school-going adolescents from seven countries (Jordan, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Morocco, Oman, Tunisia and United Arab Emirates) that undertook ...
Dychter Samuel S - - 2012
The subcutaneous (SC) route of administration is generally preferred over intravenous administration because it enables at-home injection, improves quality of life, and reduces health care costs. In general, a volume of no greater than 1 to 2 mL is injected SC; however, for high-dose agents with limited solubility, such as ...
Tacha David - - 2012
Non-small cell lung cancer can be classified into several histologic subtypes, most commonly lung adenocarcinoma (LADC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). With the introduction of targeted therapies that can result in dramatically different outcomes based on subtype, the importance of accurate classification has been amplified. Six antibodies (Napsin A, Desmoglein ...
Shahid Muhammad W - - 2012
: To estimate the accuracy of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) and narrow band imaging (NBI), individually and in combination, for classification of duodenal polyps. : Ex vivo pathologic diagnosis of duodenal polyps causes time delay, requiring separate procedures for diagnosis and therapy. It also involves small risk of pancreatitis ...
Al-Zaidy Samiah A - - 2012
Introduction: Congenital muscular dystrophies (CMD) with hypoglycosylated α-dystroglycan due to POMT1 mutations are associated with clinical phenotypes that vary in severity.Methods: We describe a patient with congenital hypotonia, generalized weakness, elevated creatine kinase (CK), and normal brain imaging. Results: Histochemical analysis of the index case's muscle showed deficiency of glycosylated ...
Gao C Q - - 2012
Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the compositional and nutritional values of corn grains [phytase transgenic corn (PTC) and isogenic conventional corn (CC)] and compare the efficacy of corn-based phytase and extraneous microbial phytase for enhancing the utilization of phytate phosphorus (P) in single corn or corn-soybean mixed meals (corn:soybean ...
Franco D - - 2012
The aim of this research was to make a full study of the meat from Mos-breed roosters (Spanish indigenous chicken). To achieve this purpose, the type of breed (Mos vs. a hybrid line, Sasso T-44) and the effect of finishing treatment in the last month (corn vs. commercial fodder) on ...
Wang Xinning - - 2012
Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an ideal biomarker for prostate cancer. A previously reported 2-5A conjugate RBI1033 (3) showed binding affinity more than 10 times higher than the parent urea-based compound (S)-2-(3-((S)-5-amino-1-carboxypentyl)ureido) pentanedioic acid (1). The purpose of this work is to further optimize the structure of 3 to identify ...
Aronica Eleonora - - 2012
Structural abnormalities of the brain are increasingly recognized in patients that suffer from pharmacoresistant focal epilepsies by applying high-resolution imaging techniques. In many of these patients, epilepsy surgery results in control of seizures. Neuropathologically, a broad spectrum of malformations of cortical development (MCD) is observed in respective surgical brain samples. ...
Hayter Catherine L - - 2012
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is ideally suited to imaging the patient with painful hip arthroplasty due to its superior soft tissue contrast, multiplanar capabilities, and lack of ionizing radiation. MRI is the most accurate imaging modality in the assessment of periprosthetic osteolysis and wear-induced synovitis, and can also assess regional ...
Schessl Joachim - - 2012
Mutations in the anoctamin 5 gene (ANO5) have been recently identified.They cause limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2L) and Miyoshi muscular dystrophy. Clinical findings of four unrelated patients are reviewed. Mutation detection was performed by direct sequencing of the ANO5 exons. We identified four novel mutations in the ANO5 gene. In ...
Rutherfurd S M - - 2012
The addition of microbial phytase to diets for broiler chickens has been shown to improve the availability of phytate P, total P, some other minerals, and amino acids. In this study, the effect of a novel microbial phytase expressed by synthetic genes in Aspergillus oryzae on amino acid and mineral ...
Garrett Cameryn C - - 2012
Background Given the high rate of sexually transmissible infections among young people and limited rural access to specialist healthcare, an Australian telemedicine service was piloted. Clients' views were investigated. Methods: All clients aged 15-24 were given a questionnaire. A sub-sample was interviewed. Results: The service was used by 25 rural ...
Lipkin Noelle Claire - - 2012
Health care provision is a dangerous business. Health professionals recognize the potential for miscommunication, medication errors, and other possible threats to patient safety. Less evident are the hazards to the environment inherent in the everyday practice of patient care. This article addresses 3 areas of practice in which infusion nurses ...
Alvarez Teresa - - 2012
Two types of endometrial carcinoma (EC) have been delineated on the basis of clinicopathologic studies. Low-grade endometrioid carcinoma (EEC) is the prototype of type I EC and is characterized by microsatellite instability and PTEN, K-ras, and/or β-catenin gene mutations, whereas type II EC is typically represented by serous and clear ...
Korfage J A M - - 2012
Introduction: Muscles can adapt their fiber properties to accommodate to new conditions. We investigated the extent to which a decrease in muscle activation can cause an adaptation of fiber properties in synergistic and antagonistic jaw muscles. Methods: Three months after the injection of botulinum toxin type A in one masseter ...
Leask Andrew - - 2012
There is no universally agreed-upon treatment for the fibrosis of scleroderma. Recently, much information has been generated relating to the fundamental mechanisms underlying this disease. Partly based on these observations, both anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic agents have been considered as possible therapies. However, this information has not been successfully translated into ...
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