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Sudou Norihiro N Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, - - 2012
How multiple developmental cues are integrated on cis-regulatory modules (CRMs) for cell fate decisions remains uncertain. The Spemann-Mangold organizer in Xenopus embryos expresses the transcription factors Lim1/Lhx1, Otx2, Mix1, Siamois (Sia) and VegT. Reporter analyses using sperm nuclear transplantation and DNA injection showed that cerberus (cer) and goosecoid (gsc) are ...
Sentausa Erwin - - 2012
Rickettsia sibirica sibirica is the causative agent of Siberian or North Asian tick typhus, a tick-borne rickettsiosis known to exist in Siberia and eastern China. Here we present the draft genome of Rickettsia sibirica sibirica strain BJ-90 isolated from Dermacentor sinicus ticks collected in Beijing, China.
Lee Young-Duck - - 2012
Enterococcus faecalis is an important bacterium for use as a probiotic and is an opportunistic pathogen in human beings. The antibiotic resistance acquired by E. faecalis is restricted to antibiotics used in the clinical setting. While screening for alternative antibiotics for use against multidrug-resistant E. faecalis, we isolated a virulent ...
Saladin Michael E ME Department of Health Sciences and Research, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2012
There is evidence that women may be less successful when attempting to quit smoking than men. One potential contributory cause of this gender difference is differential craving and stress reactivity to smoking- and negative affect/stress-related cues. The present human laboratory study investigated the effects of gender on reactivity to smoking ...
Crook A D - - 2012
ABSTRACT Stagonospora nodorum blotch (SNB), caused by the necrotrophic fungus Stagonospora nodorum (teleomorph: Phaeosphaeria nodorum), is among the most common diseases of winter wheat in the United States. New opportunities in resistance breeding have arisen from the recent discovery of several necrotrophic effectors (NEs, also known as host-selective toxins) produced ...
Kwan Kenneth Y - - 2012
The cerebral neocortex is segregated into six horizontal layers, each containing unique populations of molecularly and functionally distinct excitatory projection (pyramidal) neurons and inhibitory interneurons. Development of the neocortex requires the orchestrated execution of a series of crucial processes, including the migration of young neurons into appropriate positions within the ...
Dirks Jan-Henning - - 2012
Insect cuticle is one of the most common biological materials, yet very little is known about its mechanical properties. Many parts of the insect exoskeleton, such as the jumping legs of locusts, have to withstand high and repeated loading without failure. This paper presents the first measurements of fracture toughness ...
Grépinet Olivier - - 2012
Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serotype Senftenberg is an emerging serotype in poultry production which has been found to persist in animals and the farm environment. We report the genome sequence and annotation of the SS209 strain of S. Senftenberg, isolated from a hatchery, which was identified as persistent in broiler ...
Sampson Natalie - - 2012
No overarching federal agencies or policies are responsible for ensuring environmental health at schools in the United States, potentially allowing many inequities for low-income and minority communities to persist. This article examines emergent research, policy, and practice-based efforts that may be used to identify and address environmental justice at school. ...
Tomassini Annarita - - 2012
The aim of the study was to assess the relationship among decision-making (DM) ability (as measured by the Iowa Gambling Task [IGT]), impulsivity, and temperament and character traits in a long-term abstinent alcohol-dependent sample. Twenty-six abstinent alcohol-dependent subjects, referred to a Drug Addiction Unit of the National Health Service of ...
Alatrash Gheath G Department of Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapy, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2012
Cross-presentation is an important mechanism by which exogenous tumor antigens are presented to elicit immunity. Because neutrophil elastase (NE) and proteinase-3 (P3) expression is increased in myeloid leukemia, we investigated whether NE and P3 are cross-presented by dendritic cells (DC) and B cells, and whether the NE and P3 source ...
Kress Daniel - - 2012
Visually guided animals depend heavily on the quality of visual signals in order to obtain functionally relevant information about their environment. To support visual information processing, nature has evolved a large variety of physiological adaptations and behavioral strategies such as compensatory head movements. During self-movement, head rotations compensate for changes ...
Zhao Yunqi - - 2012
TGX-221 is a potent, selective, and cell membrane permeable inhibitor of the PI3K p110β catalytic subunit. Recent studies showed that TGX-221 has antiproliferative activity against PTEN-deficient tumor cell lines including prostate cancers. The objective of this study was to develop an encapsulation system for parenterally delivering TGX-221 to the target ...
Bergen Ne - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Bergen N, Jaddoe V, Timmermans S, Hofman A, Lindemans J, Russcher H, Raat H, Steegers-Theunissen R, Steegers E. Homocysteine and folate concentrations in early pregnancy and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: the Generation R Study. BJOG 2012;119:739-751. Objective  To investigate associations between early pregnancy ...
Shapter S L - - 2012
Significant recent interest has focussed on improving outcomes after emergency laparotomy. This retrospective database analysis estimated the annual incidence and associated inpatient costs of emergency laparotomy in England. Demographic, process and outcome data were collected for all patients undergoing emergency laparotomy in Brighton for two calendar years (2009-2010). Cost analysis ...
Kawamata Shigeru - - 2012
Algal mats can hinder the adhesion of the tube feet of sea urchins. This leads to the hypothesis that the restriction of sea urchin feeding activity by wave action can potentially be enhanced by the presence of algal mats, which will facilitate the survival of kelp recruits at sites with ...
Viau Roberto A RA Department of Medicine, Jacobi Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, USA. - - 2012
Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates harboring the K. pneumoniae carbapenemase gene (bla(KPC)) are creating a significant healthcare threat in both acute and long-term care facilities (LTCFs). As part of a study conducted in 2004 to determine the risk of stool colonization with extended-spectrum cephalosporin-resistant gram-negative bacteria, 12 isolates of K. pneumoniae that ...
Byun Tara McAllister - - 2012
Many children who neutralize phonemic contrasts in production exhibit diminished perception of the same contrasts. It is usually difficult to determine whether the perception deficit caused the production error, or vice versa; however, the direction of causation has implications for treatment planning. This study examines perception-production relationships in the phenomenon ...
Maan Narender S - - 2012
Bluetongue virus serotype 2 (IND2003/02) was isolated in Tiruneveli City, Tamil Nadu State, India, and is stored in the Orbivirus Reference Collection at the Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright, United Kingdom. The entire genome of this isolate was sequenced, showing that it is composed of a total of 19,203 bp ...
Cardoso Claudia R L - - 2012
: Factors associated with carotid atherosclerosis are unclear in type 2 diabetic patients. The aim was to investigate the independent correlates of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaques in these individuals. : In a cross-sectional study, we measured carotid IMT at three sites (common carotid, bifurcation and internal carotid artery) ...
Sentausa Erwin - - 2012
"Rickettsia sibirica subsp. mongolitimonae" is the agent of lymphangitis-associated rickettsiosis, an emerging human disease that has been diagnosed in Europe and Africa. The present study reports the draft genome of Rickettsia sibirica subsp. mongolitimonae strain HA-91.
Khan F - - 2012
Increasing emphasis on the use of molecular tests in a histocompatibility and immunogenetics laboratory (HIL) poses a potential problem of lack of sufficient DNA to perform multiple genetic analyses. In this study, we report the feasibility, fidelity and utility of multiple displacement amplification (MDA) method to perform whole-genome amplification (WGA) ...
Poteat Monica D - - 2012
Despite their ecological importance and prevalent use as ecological indicators, the trace element physiology of aquatic insects remains poorly studied. Understanding divalent metal transport processes at the water-insect interface is important because these metals may be essential (e.g. Ca), essential and potentially toxic (e.g. Zn) or non-essential and toxic (e.g. ...
Shin Sang Heum - - 2012
Here we report the full genome sequence of Klebsiella oxytoca KCTC 1686, which is used in production of 2,3-butanediol. The KCTC 1686 strain contains 5,974,109 bp with G+C content of 56.05 mol% and contains 5,488 protein-coding genes and 110 structural RNAs.
Clancy Ceara D - - 2012
Helicobacter pylori is a human pathogen that colonizes the human gastric mucosa, causing gastritis, duodenal and gastric ulcers, and gastric carcinoma. Here we announce the draft genomes of H. pylori strain 17874, commonly used for studying motility, and P79, a strain for which plasmid vectors have been developed.
Chakraborty Rikhia R Center for Cell and Gene Therapy, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Methodist Hospital and Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2012
By controlling and limiting inflammatory conditions, naturally occurring regulatory T cells (Tregs), defined as circulating CD4(+)CD25(bright)FoxP3(+) cells, play critical roles in maintaining tolerance and preventing autoimmunity and thus have tremendous potential for adoptive immunotherapy. Because they represent a scanty subset of the CD4(+) T-lymphocyte subset, several approaches have been developed ...
Palmason R - - 2012
Studies are inconclusive regarding clinical outcomes after administration of recombinant activated coagulation factor VII (rFVIIa) during severe haemorrhage. The circumstances encountered during desperate haemorrhage make it difficult to include the most critically ill patients that could possibly benefit the most from such treatment into randomized controlled trials. We report our ...
Mikeladze-Dvali Tamara T Swiss Institute for Experimental Cancer Research (ISREC), School of Life Sciences,Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL) Lausanne, 1015 - - 2012
Centrosomes are the principal microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs) of animal cells and comprise a pair of centrioles surrounded by pericentriolar material (PCM). Centriole number must be carefully regulated, notably to ensure bipolar spindle formation and thus faithful chromosome segregation. In the germ line of most metazoan species, centrioles are maintained ...
Earl Ashlee M - - 2012
We sequenced four strains of Bacillus subtilis and the type strains for two closely related species, Bacillus vallismortis and Bacillus mojavensis. We report the high-quality Sanger genome sequences of B. subtilis subspecies subtilis RO-NN-1 and AUSI98, B. subtilis subspecies spizizenii TU-B-10(T) and DV1-B-1, Bacillus mojavensis RO-H-1(T), and Bacillus vallismortis DV1-F-3(T).
Falasca Marco M Queen Mary University of London, Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Diabetes, Inositide Signalling Group, 4 Newark Street, London, UK. - - 2012
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is the main cause of failure in cancer therapy. One mechanism responsible for MDR is the active efflux of drugs by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters. Several agents have been developed to block transporter-mediated drug efflux and some of these compounds have entered Phase II/III clinical testing. Evidence ...
Liberti Daniele - - 2012
ABSTRACT Morphology, vegetative compatibility groups, and molecular characteristics were compared among 47 isolates of the dollar spot pathogen Sclerotinia homoeocarpa. Isolates were collected from cool- and warm-season turfgrasses in Florida and the northern United States. Mycelial pigment accumulation, substratal stromata formation, and symptom development were used to separate the collection ...
O'Connor Constance M - - 2012
Abstract Using a long-term study population of wild smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu in a connected river-lake system, we investigated whether circulating glucocorticoid (cortisol) and androgen (testosterone) concentrations are influenced by reproductive investment and nesting environment in fish providing nest-guarding paternal care. For all individuals, we collected measures of reproductive history ...
Teo Stephen Tt - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  The main aim of this study is to develop a path model to examine the effect of administrative stressors on nursing work outcomes in a sample of Australian public and non-profit nurses. Background.  The implementation of managerial reform initiatives has negative consequences on work outcomes. However, less ...
SzymaƄski K - - 2012
Recently Chu et al. conducted a genome-wide association study in a Chinese Han population and identified two novel Graves' disease (GD) susceptibility loci within 4p14 (rs6832151) and 6q27 (rs9355610). Our purpose was to replicate these associations in a Polish Caucasian population. We analyzed rs6832151 and rs9355610 genotypes in a case-control ...
Rose R J - - 2012
Poly vinyl chloride (PVC) infusion equipment contains substantial amounts of the plasticiser di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). We determined the amount of DEHP leached from Mediplus Dual TIVA(®) Infusion sets, into lipid and non-lipid infusates. Two propofol admixtures (Diprivan(®) 1%, Propoven(®) 1%), Intralipid(®) 10% and 0.9% saline were evaluated as infusates. Solutions ...
Soñanez-Organis José Guadalupe - - 2012
Northern elephant seals are naturally adapted to prolonged periods (1-2 months) of absolute food and water deprivation (fasting). In terrestrial mammals, food deprivation stimulates ATP degradation and decreases ATP synthesis, resulting in the accumulation of purines (ATP degradation byproducts). Hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase (HGPRT) salvages ATP by recycling the purine degradation ...
Lin Guohe - - 2012
The presence of regulatory T cells in patients who received therapeutic cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells may inhibit host immunity, leading to failed immunotherapy. In this study, we investigated the impact of using interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the phenotype alteration, proliferation, and cytotoxic activity of CIK cells generated from the peripheral blood ...
Verdecchia Paolo P Department of Medicine, Hospital of Assisi, Assisi, Italy. - - 2012
Evidence on new-onset atrial fibrillation in high-risk vascular patients without heart failure is limited. New-onset atrial fibrillation was a prespecified secondary objective of the Ongoing Telmisartan Alone and in Combination With Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial (ONTARGET)/Telmisartan Randomized AssessmeNt Study in ACE iNtolerant subjects with cardiovascular Disease (TRANSCEND) studies. We studied ...
Ninov Nikolay - - 2012
Genetic studies have implicated Notch signaling in the maintenance of pancreatic progenitors. However, how Notch signaling regulates the quiescent, proliferative or differentiation behaviors of pancreatic progenitors at the single-cell level remains unclear. Here, using single-cell genetic analyses and a new transgenic system that allows dynamic assessment of Notch signaling, we ...
Tottenham Nim N University of California, Los Angeles, Department of Psychology, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2012
In altricial species, like the human, the caregiver, very often the mother, is one of the most potent stimuli during development. The distinction between mothers and other adults is learned early in life and results in numerous behaviors in the child, most notably mother-approach and stranger wariness. The current study ...
Byrne-Bailey Kathryne G - - 2012
Pseudogulbenkiania ferrooxidans strain 2002 was isolated as a lithoautotrophic, Fe(II)-oxidizing, nitrate-reducing bacterium. Phylogenetically, it is in a clade within the family Neisseriaceae in the order Nessieriales of the class Betaproteobacteria. It is anticipated that comparative genomic analysis of this strain with other nitrate-dependent, Fe(II)-oxidizing bacteria will aid in the elucidation ...
Ferriola D - - 2012
HLA-A*23:50 differs from HLA-A*23:01:01 by one nucleotide at position 112 resulting in an amino acid change, Arginine to Tryptophan, at codon 14 of exon 2.
Davis Jennifer R - - 2012
We announce the availability of a high-quality draft of the genome sequence of Amycolatopsis sp. strain 39116, one of few bacterial species that are known to consume the lignin component of plant biomass. This genome sequence will further ongoing efforts to use microorganisms for the conversion of plant biomass into ...
Lim A H - - 2012
The novel allele A*31:57 allele showed a single nucleotide difference with A*31:01:02 at nt 235 G>C in exon 2.
Chen Cheng - - 2012
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) influence diverse processes such as angiogenesis, tumor cell proliferation, and metastasis during tumor progression. In a variety of tumor types, the amount of TAM has been associated with prognosis, but their role in lung cancer has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to ...
Romano Patricia Silvia - - 2012
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi has a complex biological cycle that involves vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. In mammals, the infective trypomastigote form of this parasite can invade several cell types by exploiting phagocytic-like or nonphagocytic mechanisms depending on the class of cell involved. Morphological studies showed that when trypomastigotes contact ...
Sui J-H - - 2012
Because the Bonfils fibrescope has a semi-rigid optical stylet and is similar in shape to a lightwand, we aimed to evaluate and compare the efficacy of transillumination-assisted orotracheal intubation with the Bonfils fibrescope and the Trachlight(TM) lightwand in patients with normal airways. As a preliminary investigation to form a basis ...
Hung Hsin-Yi - - 2012
Covering: 2005 to 2010This review covers recent discoveries of anti-diabetic compounds. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex disease affecting patients' daily life and elevating patients' risk of developing other diseases. There are several forms of diabetes, including type-1 diabetes (insulin-dependent), type-2 diabetes (noninsulin-dependent), and gestational diabetes. Type-2 diabetes is the ...
Liu Yanan - - 2012
Passive immunotherapy, including adoptive T-cell therapy and antibody therapy, has shown encouraging results in cancer treatment lately. However, active immunotherapy of solid cancers remains an elusive goal. It is now known that the human innate immune system recognizes pathogen-associated molecular patterns conserved among microbes or damage-associated molecular patterns released from ...
Harry Brian L - - 2012
Mutations in Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), and in particular JAK2 V617F, are common in Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). In the past several years, JAK2 inhibitors have been rapidly developed as targeted therapies for MPNs. JAK2 mutations, including JAK2 V617F and unique fusion proteins, are critical for oncogenesis of some ...
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