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Cuspidi Cesare - - 2012
: Upper reference values of echocardiographic left-ventricular mass in the European population are based on scanty data mostly derived from northern European population-based samples. Furthermore, data in apparently healthy populations have included individuals with conditions affecting left-ventricular mass such as obesity, diabetes and masked hypertension. Thus, from 1051 individuals with ...
Palmason R - - 2012
Studies are inconclusive regarding clinical outcomes after administration of recombinant activated coagulation factor VII (rFVIIa) during severe haemorrhage. The circumstances encountered during desperate haemorrhage make it difficult to include the most critically ill patients that could possibly benefit the most from such treatment into randomized controlled trials. We report our ...
Liberti Daniele - - 2012
ABSTRACT Morphology, vegetative compatibility groups, and molecular characteristics were compared among 47 isolates of the dollar spot pathogen Sclerotinia homoeocarpa. Isolates were collected from cool- and warm-season turfgrasses in Florida and the northern United States. Mycelial pigment accumulation, substratal stromata formation, and symptom development were used to separate the collection ...
O'Connor Constance M - - 2012
Abstract Using a long-term study population of wild smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu in a connected river-lake system, we investigated whether circulating glucocorticoid (cortisol) and androgen (testosterone) concentrations are influenced by reproductive investment and nesting environment in fish providing nest-guarding paternal care. For all individuals, we collected measures of reproductive history ...
Teo Stephen Tt - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  The main aim of this study is to develop a path model to examine the effect of administrative stressors on nursing work outcomes in a sample of Australian public and non-profit nurses. Background.  The implementation of managerial reform initiatives has negative consequences on work outcomes. However, less ...
Smith A G - - 2012
Somatic mutations and genomic alterations are frequent events in the clonal evolution of hematologic malignancies. Recent studies have reported copy neutral loss of heterozygosity (LOH) for the mismatched human leukocyte antigen (HLA) haplotype in patients relapsed after haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for a hematologic malignancy. Herein, we report 15 ...
Dirks Jan-Henning - - 2012
Insect cuticle is one of the most common biological materials, yet very little is known about its mechanical properties. Many parts of the insect exoskeleton, such as the jumping legs of locusts, have to withstand high and repeated loading without failure. This paper presents the first measurements of fracture toughness ...
Langman Vaughan A - - 2012
Body mass is the primary determinant of an animal's energy requirements. At their optimum walking speed, large animals have lower mass-specific energy requirements for locomotion than small ones. In animals ranging in size from 0.8 g (roach) to 260 kg (zebu steer), the minimum cost of transport (COT(min)) decreases with ...
Bergen Ne - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Bergen N, Jaddoe V, Timmermans S, Hofman A, Lindemans J, Russcher H, Raat H, Steegers-Theunissen R, Steegers E. Homocysteine and folate concentrations in early pregnancy and the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes: the Generation R Study. BJOG 2012;119:739-751. Objective  To investigate associations between early pregnancy ...
Shapter S L - - 2012
Significant recent interest has focussed on improving outcomes after emergency laparotomy. This retrospective database analysis estimated the annual incidence and associated inpatient costs of emergency laparotomy in England. Demographic, process and outcome data were collected for all patients undergoing emergency laparotomy in Brighton for two calendar years (2009-2010). Cost analysis ...
Kawamata Shigeru - - 2012
Algal mats can hinder the adhesion of the tube feet of sea urchins. This leads to the hypothesis that the restriction of sea urchin feeding activity by wave action can potentially be enhanced by the presence of algal mats, which will facilitate the survival of kelp recruits at sites with ...
Lim A H - - 2012
The novel allele A*31:57 allele showed a single nucleotide difference with A*31:01:02 at nt 235 G>C in exon 2.
Chen Cheng - - 2012
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) influence diverse processes such as angiogenesis, tumor cell proliferation, and metastasis during tumor progression. In a variety of tumor types, the amount of TAM has been associated with prognosis, but their role in lung cancer has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to ...
Romano Patricia Silvia - - 2012
The protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi has a complex biological cycle that involves vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. In mammals, the infective trypomastigote form of this parasite can invade several cell types by exploiting phagocytic-like or nonphagocytic mechanisms depending on the class of cell involved. Morphological studies showed that when trypomastigotes contact ...
Sundstedt Anette - - 2012
Immunotherapy aiming to block immune suppression with anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) monoclonal antibodies is a recently clinically established strategy to enhance immune driven antitumor activities. To be successful, this approach depends on the existence of a suppressed immune response against the tumor that can be released by the treatment or ...
Covassin Tracey - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Concussions remain a serious public health concern. It is important that persons involved in youth sports, particularly coaches, be made aware and educated on the signs and symptoms of concussion. This study assessed the perceptions of youth sport coaches who have received the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's ...
Stamper Sarah A - - 2012
Previous work has shown that animals alter their locomotor behavior to increase sensing volumes. However, an animal's own movement also determines the spatial and temporal dynamics of sensory feedback. Because each sensory modality has unique spatiotemporal properties, movement has differential and potentially independent effects on each sensory system. Here we ...
van Os Nadine - - 2012
Octopine dehydrogenase (OcDH) from the adductor muscle of the great scallop, Pecten maximus (Linné, 1758), catalyses the NADH-dependent condensation of l-arginine and pyruvate to d-octopine, NAD(+) and water during escape swimming and subsequent recovery. During exercise, ATP is mainly provided by the transphosphorylation of phospho-l-arginine and to some extent by ...
Cruickshank Me - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Cruickshank ME, Cubie HA. Cervical screening: primary human papillomavirus testing. BJOG 2012;119:650-652.
Slingerland Menno - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Detailed knowledge about physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) can guide the development of school interventions aimed at reducing overweight in adolescents. However, relevant components of PAEE have never been objectively quantified in this population. This study investigated the contribution of active transport to and from school, physical education (PE), ...
Marachelian Araz - - 2012
To describe the serial histopathology of intermediate risk stage 3 neuroblastoma after chemotherapy, and correlate with residual mass at therapy completion and outcome. A retrospective review of intermediate risk stage 3 neuroblastoma patients treated 1989-2005 at Children's Hospital Los Angeles according to CCG 3881 or CCG 3961 protocols was performed, ...
Liu Z H - - 2012
ABSTRACT A Pyrenophora teres f. teres population in North Dakota was analyzed for virulence variation and genetic diversity using 75 monospore isolates that were collected across a 4-year period (2004 to 2007) from two North Dakota State University agricultural experiment stations at Fargo and Langdon. Pathogenicity tests by inoculation onto ...
Byun Tara McAllister - - 2012
Many children who neutralize phonemic contrasts in production exhibit diminished perception of the same contrasts. It is usually difficult to determine whether the perception deficit caused the production error, or vice versa; however, the direction of causation has implications for treatment planning. This study examines perception-production relationships in the phenomenon ...
Cardoso Claudia R L - - 2012
: Factors associated with carotid atherosclerosis are unclear in type 2 diabetic patients. The aim was to investigate the independent correlates of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaques in these individuals. : In a cross-sectional study, we measured carotid IMT at three sites (common carotid, bifurcation and internal carotid artery) ...
Hastings Alan - - 2012
[Formula: see text] [ The consumer Ceriodaphnia reticulata. This experiment used a very similar species to the one shown here, namely Ceriodaphnia reticulata. This freshwater cladoceran grazer can consume phytoplankton species that have a maximal axial dimension of upto ∼35 μm. As a result, Pediastrum simplex (CPCC 431), Fragilaria crotonensis (CPCC ...
Jiang Jhih-Hang - - 2012
Bacterial infection has enormous global social and economic impacts stemming from effects on human health and agriculture. Although there are still many unanswered questions, decades of research has uncovered many of the pathogenic mechanisms at play. It is now clear that bacterial pathogens produce a plethora of proteins known as ...
Al-Musawi Sara L - - 2012
Selective breeding has led to diverging phenotypic evolution in layer and broiler chickens through genomic and epigenetic modifications. Here we show that in ovo environmental manipulation differentially influences embryonic limb muscle phenotype in these two breeds. We demonstrate that raising incubation temperature from 37.5 to 38.5°C between embryonic days (ED) ...
Tunçalp O - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Tunçalp Ö, Hindin MJ, Souza JP, Chou D, Say L. The prevalence of maternal near miss: a systematic review. BJOG 2012;119:653-661. Background  Severe maternal morbidity or 'near miss' is a promising indicator to improve quality of obstetric care. Objectives  To systematically review all available studies ...
Pang Wendy W - - 2012
There have been several large-scale epidemiologic studies, including the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III (NHANES III), which have described the prevalence and impact of anemia in the elderly. The information derived has been critically important. However, given the large number of patients surveyed, these reports necessarily relied substantially ...
Staab Katie Lynn - - 2012
A protrusible upper jaw has independently evolved multiple times within teleosts and has been implicated in the success of two groups in particular: Acanthomorpha and Cypriniformes. We use digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV) to compare suction feeding flow dynamics in a representative of each of these clades: goldfish and bluegill. ...
Poteat Monica D - - 2012
Despite their ecological importance and prevalent use as ecological indicators, the trace element physiology of aquatic insects remains poorly studied. Understanding divalent metal transport processes at the water-insect interface is important because these metals may be essential (e.g. Ca), essential and potentially toxic (e.g. Zn) or non-essential and toxic (e.g. ...
Föll D - - 2012
Matching of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles between donors and recipients plays a major role in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Null or questionably expressed HLA allelic variants are a major issue in HLA matching, because the aberrant expression of such alleles can have a major impact on the outcome ...
O'Connor S J - - 2012
O'CONNOR S.J. (2012) European Journal of Cancer Care21, 281-282 Is it time to consider palliative care?
Weber Jean-Michel - - 2012
The effects of short-term food deprivation on lipid metabolism are well documented, but little is known about prolonged fasting. This study monitored the kinetics of glycerol (rate of appearance, R(a) glycerol) and non-esterified fatty acids (R(a) NEFA) in fasting rabbits. Our goals were to determine whether lipolysis is stimulated beyond ...
Mahtani Kamal R - - 2012
: To evaluate whether device-guided breathing (DGB) lowers blood pressure (BP) in adults. : Systematic review and meta-analysis. : We searched Medline (1950-2010), Embase (1980-2010), the Cochrane Library including the Cochrane Central register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), AMED (1985-2010), CINAHL (1980-2010) and the Current Controlled Trials registry (as of October ...
Geldmacher Christof - - 2012
HIV infection is the main driver of the HIV/tuberculosis (TB) syndemic in southern Africa since the early 1990s, when HIV infection rates started to increase exponentially and TB incidence rates quadruplet simultaneously. Here, we discuss pathogenic mechanisms of HIV-induced CD4 T-cell depletion and their potential impact on immune control of ...
Korine Carmi - - 2012
We examined feeding performance of the flea Xenopsylla ramesis on three different hosts: its natural, granivorous, rodent host, Sundevall's jird (Meriones crassus); the frugivorous Egyptian fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus); and an insectivorous bat, Kuhl's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii). Because these fleas are not known to occur on bats, we hypothesized that ...
Mellon Deforest D - - 2012
Near-field disturbances in the water column are known to trigger reflex antennular flicking in the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. We have identified the hydrodynamic sensors on the lateral antennular flagellum that constitute an afferent limb of this reflex and have measured the relative directionally dependent thresholds of the sensory neurons associated ...
SzymaƄski K - - 2012
Recently Chu et al. conducted a genome-wide association study in a Chinese Han population and identified two novel Graves' disease (GD) susceptibility loci within 4p14 (rs6832151) and 6q27 (rs9355610). Our purpose was to replicate these associations in a Polish Caucasian population. We analyzed rs6832151 and rs9355610 genotypes in a case-control ...
Rose R J - - 2012
Poly vinyl chloride (PVC) infusion equipment contains substantial amounts of the plasticiser di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). We determined the amount of DEHP leached from Mediplus Dual TIVA(®) Infusion sets, into lipid and non-lipid infusates. Two propofol admixtures (Diprivan(®) 1%, Propoven(®) 1%), Intralipid(®) 10% and 0.9% saline were evaluated as infusates. Solutions ...
Di Salvo Thomas G - - 2012
Pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular failure (RVF) in left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. This review presents an overview of the classification, pathophysiology, natural history, clinical features, prevention and treatment of this common clinical problem with a focus on the most recent studies. Many ...
Crook A D - - 2012
ABSTRACT Stagonospora nodorum blotch (SNB), caused by the necrotrophic fungus Stagonospora nodorum (teleomorph: Phaeosphaeria nodorum), is among the most common diseases of winter wheat in the United States. New opportunities in resistance breeding have arisen from the recent discovery of several necrotrophic effectors (NEs, also known as host-selective toxins) produced ...
Stolt Suvi - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to analyze early vocalization development, the predictive value of this development in terms of later language skills, and possible gender difference in early vocalization development in a selected cohort of 32 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) children and 35 full-term controls. The data on early vocalization ...
Shantsila Alena - - 2012
: To investigate the impact of pulse pressure at presentation on the primary outcome (death or dialysis) in patients with malignant phase hypertension (MPH). : Three hundred and sixty-five patients [overall mean (SD) age 48 (13) years; 66% male; 63% white European; 23% African-Caribbean, 14% south Asian] from the West ...
Schneider Linda - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Farm-to-School programs (FTSPs) connect schools with locally grown food. This article examines whether FTSPs are more common in public elementary schools (ESs) in states with a formal, FTSP law or with a related, locally grown procurement law. METHODS: A pooled, cross-sectional analysis linked nationally representative samples of 1872 public ...
Macguidwin A E - - 2012
ABSTRACT We used cover crops with demonstrated efficacy against Verticillium dahliae and Pratylenchus penetrans in combination with the biocidal practice of solarization to determine the importance of targeting both organisms for managing potato early dying, an issue relevant to the search for alternatives to soil fumigation. Two experiments were conducted ...
Orysiuk D - - 2012
The MHC class I-A and -B genes of cynomolgus macaques are highly polymorphic. These genes encode proteins presenting peptides to CD8+ T cells to initiate adaptive immune response. Recombination events are one way the diversity of these alleles can be increased. Such events have been well characterized in humans, but ...
Taber Daniel R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: School district wellness policies designed to reduce obesity and promote student health and well-being often lack specific requirements or any mandate that schools comply with the policy. Researchers, educators, and policymakers have called for states to take an active role in shaping district policies. The objective of this study ...
McKay A H - - 2012
ABSTRACT A growth assay in lemon juice and polymerase chain reaction amplifications using newly designed species-specific primers from endopolygalacturonase and β-tubulin genes rapidly differentiated isolates of the morphologically similar fruit sour rot pathogens Galactomyces citriaurantii and G. geotrichum. Isolates of both species were collected from agricultural soils and decaying fruit ...
Sampson Natalie - - 2012
No overarching federal agencies or policies are responsible for ensuring environmental health at schools in the United States, potentially allowing many inequities for low-income and minority communities to persist. This article examines emergent research, policy, and practice-based efforts that may be used to identify and address environmental justice at school. ...
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