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Föll D - - 2012
Matching of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles between donors and recipients plays a major role in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Null or questionably expressed HLA allelic variants are a major issue in HLA matching, because the aberrant expression of such alleles can have a major impact on the outcome ...
Stolt Suvi - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to analyze early vocalization development, the predictive value of this development in terms of later language skills, and possible gender difference in early vocalization development in a selected cohort of 32 very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) children and 35 full-term controls. The data on early vocalization ...
Shantsila Alena - - 2012
: To investigate the impact of pulse pressure at presentation on the primary outcome (death or dialysis) in patients with malignant phase hypertension (MPH). : Three hundred and sixty-five patients [overall mean (SD) age 48 (13) years; 66% male; 63% white European; 23% African-Caribbean, 14% south Asian] from the West ...
Cruickshank Me - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Cruickshank ME, Cubie HA. Cervical screening: primary human papillomavirus testing. BJOG 2012;119:650-652.
Slingerland Menno - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Detailed knowledge about physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) can guide the development of school interventions aimed at reducing overweight in adolescents. However, relevant components of PAEE have never been objectively quantified in this population. This study investigated the contribution of active transport to and from school, physical education (PE), ...
Misra Sougat - - 2012
Transport of essential solutes across biological membranes is one of the fundamental characteristics of living cells. Although selenium is an essential micronutrient, little is known about the cellular mechanisms of chemical species-specific selenium transport in fish. We report here the kinetic and pharmacological transport characteristics of selenite and its thiol ...
Kelly Tanika N - - 2012
High blood pressure (BP) is a complex trait determined by genetic and environmental factors, as well as their interactions. Over the past few decades, there has been substantial progress elucidating the genetic determinants underlying BP response to sodium intake, or BP salt sensitivity. Research of monogenic BP disorders has highlighted ...
Costa Guilherme G Cancer Research UK Stem Cell Research Group, University of Manchester, Wilmslow Road, Manchester M20 4BX, - - 2012
At early stages of vertebrate ontogeny, blood and endothelial cells develop from a common mesodermal progenitor, the haemangioblast. Upon haematopoietic commitment, the haemangioblast generates blood precursors through populations of endothelial cells with haemogenic properties. Although several transcription factors have been implicated in haemangioblast differentiation, the precise mechanisms governing cell fate ...
Shriberg Lawrence D - - 2012
A central question in Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) is whether the core phenotype is limited to transcoding (planning/programming) deficits or if speakers with CAS also have deficits in auditory-perceptual encoding (representational) and/or memory (storage and retrieval of representations) processes. We addressed this and other questions using responses to the ...
Covassin Tracey - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Concussions remain a serious public health concern. It is important that persons involved in youth sports, particularly coaches, be made aware and educated on the signs and symptoms of concussion. This study assessed the perceptions of youth sport coaches who have received the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's ...
Canal-Fontcuberta Irene - - 2012
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been used occasionally as an alternative treatment for uveal melanomas. The present study describes the clinical and histopathologic features of five choroidal melanomas after PDT. Three patients with pigmented choroidal melanomas were treated with PDT and intravitreal bevacizumab 1 week before undergoing biopsy and brachytherapy to ...
Stamper Sarah A - - 2012
Previous work has shown that animals alter their locomotor behavior to increase sensing volumes. However, an animal's own movement also determines the spatial and temporal dynamics of sensory feedback. Because each sensory modality has unique spatiotemporal properties, movement has differential and potentially independent effects on each sensory system. Here we ...
Geldmacher Christof - - 2012
HIV infection is the main driver of the HIV/tuberculosis (TB) syndemic in southern Africa since the early 1990s, when HIV infection rates started to increase exponentially and TB incidence rates quadruplet simultaneously. Here, we discuss pathogenic mechanisms of HIV-induced CD4 T-cell depletion and their potential impact on immune control of ...
Korine Carmi - - 2012
We examined feeding performance of the flea Xenopsylla ramesis on three different hosts: its natural, granivorous, rodent host, Sundevall's jird (Meriones crassus); the frugivorous Egyptian fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus); and an insectivorous bat, Kuhl's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus kuhlii). Because these fleas are not known to occur on bats, we hypothesized that ...
Mellon Deforest D - - 2012
Near-field disturbances in the water column are known to trigger reflex antennular flicking in the crayfish Procambarus clarkii. We have identified the hydrodynamic sensors on the lateral antennular flagellum that constitute an afferent limb of this reflex and have measured the relative directionally dependent thresholds of the sensory neurons associated ...
Marachelian Araz - - 2012
To describe the serial histopathology of intermediate risk stage 3 neuroblastoma after chemotherapy, and correlate with residual mass at therapy completion and outcome. A retrospective review of intermediate risk stage 3 neuroblastoma patients treated 1989-2005 at Children's Hospital Los Angeles according to CCG 3881 or CCG 3961 protocols was performed, ...
Brown Steven D - - 2012
Rhizobium sp. strain PDO1-076 is a plant-associated bacterium isolated from Populus deltoides, and its draft genome sequence is reported.
Liu Z H - - 2012
ABSTRACT A Pyrenophora teres f. teres population in North Dakota was analyzed for virulence variation and genetic diversity using 75 monospore isolates that were collected across a 4-year period (2004 to 2007) from two North Dakota State University agricultural experiment stations at Fargo and Langdon. Pathogenicity tests by inoculation onto ...
Matheus Séverine - - 2012
We report the first complete genome sequence of Maripa virus identified in 2009 from a patient with hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in French Guiana. Maripa virus corresponds to a new variant of the Rio Mamoré virus species in the Bunyaviridae family, genus Hantavirus.
Clark Brian S - - 2012
To gain insights into the cellular mechanisms of neurogenesis, we analyzed retinal neuroepithelia deficient for Llgl1, a protein implicated in apicobasal cell polarity, asymmetric cell division, cell shape and cell cycle exit. We found that vertebrate retinal neuroepithelia deficient for Llgl1 retained overt apicobasal polarity, but had expanded apical domains. ...
Shin Sang Heum - - 2012
This is the first complete genome sequence of the Enterobacter aerogenes species. Here we present the genome sequence of E. aerogenes KCTC 2190, which contains 5,280,350 bp with a G + C content of 54.8 mol%, 4,912 protein-coding genes, and 109 structural RNAs.
Kim Su Jin - - 2012
Psychrobacter spp. have shown characteristics indicating remarkable capabilities at subzero temperatures that identify them as potential model organisms for the study of low-temperature adaptations. Here we present the draft genome sequence of Psychrobacter sp. PAMC 21119, which was isolated from permafrost soil of Antarctica; this information could provide insight into ...
Lee K W - - 2012
Full-length coding sequences of C*14:36 and C*01:02:15 differ from C*14:02:01 and C*01:02:01 by one nucleotide in exons 3 and 4, respectively.
Casnici Claudia - - 2012
Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia express, besides the main BCR/ABL transcripts, novel BCR/ABL transcripts derived from alternative splicing between BCR exons 1, 13, or 14 with ABL exons 4 and 5. Their translational products present at C-terminus an amino acid portion derived from out-of-frame (OOF) reading ...
Niederhofer Helmut - - 2012
Objective: Agomelatine is a relatively new antidepressant, with affinities to MT1 and MT2 (responsible for the circadian rhythm) as well as to 5-HT2C receptors. Since antidepressants have demonstrated some benefit in the treatment of ADH and because of the fact, that ADHD is often associated with sleep disorders, we assumed, ...
Axelsson Lars - - 2012
Lactobacillus plantarum is a highly versatile lactic acid bacterium found in various ecological niches, such as fermented vegetable, meat, and dairy products and the gastrointestinal tract. We sequenced the genome of L. plantarum NC8, a naturally plasmid-free strain, which has been used as a model strain in many laboratories worldwide.
Ferrari-Lacraz S - - 2012
Pre-formed and de novo anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies induce antibody-mediated rejection and are also involved in mechanisms leading to chronic graft nephropathy. The detection of anti-HLA antibodies by solid-phase assay (SPA) has revolutionized the management of immunized patients before and after kidney transplantation. Characterized by high sensitivity and specificity, ...
Schifano Fabrizio - - 2012
We set out to examine the impact of treatment for heroin dependence on drug use, injecting behavior, health problems, criminality, and physical and mental health over 18 months among heroin-dependent Londoners. A total of 100 heroin users were recruited for this longitudinal prospective cohort study with repeated measures (T0 as ...
van Os Nadine - - 2012
Octopine dehydrogenase (OcDH) from the adductor muscle of the great scallop, Pecten maximus (Linné, 1758), catalyses the NADH-dependent condensation of l-arginine and pyruvate to d-octopine, NAD(+) and water during escape swimming and subsequent recovery. During exercise, ATP is mainly provided by the transphosphorylation of phospho-l-arginine and to some extent by ...
Tribelli Paula M - - 2012
Pseudomonas extremaustralis 14-3b presents genes involved in the synthesis of different polyhydroxyalkanoates, in tolerance and degradation of pollutants, and in microaerobic metabolism. Several genomic islands were detected. Genetic machinery could contribute to the adaptability to stressful conditions. This is the first genome sequence reported from a Pseudomonas isolated from cold ...
Orysiuk D - - 2012
The MHC class I-A and -B genes of cynomolgus macaques are highly polymorphic. These genes encode proteins presenting peptides to CD8+ T cells to initiate adaptive immune response. Recombination events are one way the diversity of these alleles can be increased. Such events have been well characterized in humans, but ...
Taber Daniel R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: School district wellness policies designed to reduce obesity and promote student health and well-being often lack specific requirements or any mandate that schools comply with the policy. Researchers, educators, and policymakers have called for states to take an active role in shaping district policies. The objective of this study ...
McKay A H - - 2012
ABSTRACT A growth assay in lemon juice and polymerase chain reaction amplifications using newly designed species-specific primers from endopolygalacturonase and β-tubulin genes rapidly differentiated isolates of the morphologically similar fruit sour rot pathogens Galactomyces citriaurantii and G. geotrichum. Isolates of both species were collected from agricultural soils and decaying fruit ...
Poyner David R - - 2012
Family B G protein-coupled receptors represent an important but under-researched group of receptors. This edition of the British Journal of Pharmacology considers the roles and pharmacology of a number of these receptors. Whilst common themes emerge, it is clear that more work is needed to understand the details of each ...
Nosrati Geoffrey R - - 2012
A software suite, SABER (Selection of Active/Binding sites for Enzyme Redesign), has been developed for the analysis of atomic geometries in protein structures, using a geometric hashing algorithm (Barker and Thornton, Bioinformatics 2003;19:1644-1649). SABER is used to explore the Protein Data Bank (PDB) to locate proteins with a specific 3D ...
Doumas Michael - - 2012
Recent technologic advances rekindled interventional management of resistant hypertension, either by carotid baroreceptor activation or renal sympathetic denervation. Interventional techniques result in impressive falls in office blood pressure (BP); however, ambulatory BP reductions are rather modest. This disparity between office and ambulatory BP reductions is observed with antihypertensive drugs, but ...
Tang Ke K Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2012
The development of the progenitor zones in the pallium, lateral ganglionic eminence (LGE) and medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) in the subpallium has been well studied; however, so far the role of the caudal ganglionic eminence (CGE), a posterior subpallial domain, in telencephalon patterning remains poorly understood. COUP-TFII, an orphan nuclear ...
Gardner Andrew F - - 2012
The hyperthermophilic archaeon Thermococcus litoralis strain NS-C, first isolated in 1985, has been a foundational organism for archaeal research in biocatalysis, DNA replication, metabolism, and the discovery of inteins. Here, we present the genome sequence of T. litoralis with a focus on the replication machinery and inteins.
Shin Seung Chul - - 2012
The draft genome of Salinibacterium sp. PAMC 21357, isolated from permafrost soil of Antarctica, was determined. Here we present a 3.1-Mb draft genome sequence of Salinibacterium sp. that could provide further insight into the genetic determination of its cold-adaptive properties.
Spaeth C S - - 2012
To survive, cells must rapidly repair (seal) plasmalemmal damage. Cytosolic oxidation has been shown to increase cell survival in some cases and produce cell death in other protocols. An antioxidant (melatonin; Mel) has been reported to decrease the probability of sealing plasmalemmal damage. Here we report that plasmalemmal damage produces ...
Kunnari Sari - - 2012
This study assesses the phonological development of four Finnish-speaking children (ages 4;8, 4;9, 4;9 and 5;5) with specific language impairment (SLI) and dyspractic features in speech. The analysis is performed using the phonological mean length of utterance (pMLU) method. Moreover, the children's phonological abilities are evaluated qualitatively in relation to ...
Hennig G W - - 2012
Imaging of gastrointestinal (GI) motility remotely through the abdominal wall has always been a tradeoff between resolution and invasiveness. Skin reflects and/or absorbs wavelengths of radiation in the ultraviolet and visible ranges, but is largely transparent to both high-energy radiation (Gamma to X-rays; <0.1-10 nm) and low-energy radiation (infrared to radio ...
ŠimoliĆ«nas Eugenijus - - 2012
Despite the fact that multidrug-resistant Klebsiella sp. strains emerge rapidly (Xu J, et al., Adv. Mater. Res. 268-270:1954-1956, 2011) and bacteriophages have been reported to be useful in controlling these bacteria (Kumari S, Harjai K, Chhibber S, J. Med. Microbiol. 60:205-210, 2011), the complete genome sequences of only five Klebsiella ...
Sandoval Anna - - 2012
BACKGROUND: School-based measurement of children's body mass index (BMI) is a useful tool for tracking childhood obesity rates, and may be an effective intervention strategy for reducing the increasing trends in obesity. This article examines the relationship between state law, district policy, and school-level BMI measurement practices. METHODS: Data were ...
Nyamathi Adeline A School of Nursing, University of California-Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. - - 2012
This cross-sectional hepatitis health promotion study (N = 156) was designed to identify correlates of cocaine and methamphetamine use among young, homeless persons living in Los Angeles County. Structured questionnaires were administered at baseline to assess sociodemographic characteristics, drug history, and social support. Unadjusted analysis showed that older age, having ...
Shorey Ryan C RC University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. - - 2012
Dating violence is a prevalent problem. Research demonstrates that males and females are victimized at comparable rates in their dating relationships and experience a number of mental health and relationship problems. Less research has examined male dating violence victimization, its association to mental health and relationship satisfaction, and whether coping ...
Cuspidi Cesare - - 2012
: Upper reference values of echocardiographic left-ventricular mass in the European population are based on scanty data mostly derived from northern European population-based samples. Furthermore, data in apparently healthy populations have included individuals with conditions affecting left-ventricular mass such as obesity, diabetes and masked hypertension. Thus, from 1051 individuals with ...
Tallafuss Alexandra A Institute of Neuroscience, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403, USA. - - 2012
To understand the molecular mechanisms of development it is essential to be able to turn genes on and off at will and in a spatially restricted fashion. Morpholino oligonucleotides (MOs) are very common tools used in several model organisms with which it is possible to block gene expression. Recently developed ...
Storey Kenneth B - - 2012
Aestivation is a survival strategy used by many vertebrates and invertebrates to endure arid environmental conditions. Key features of aestivation include strong metabolic rate suppression, strategies to retain body water, conservation of energy and body fuel reserves, altered nitrogen metabolism, and mechanisms to preserve and stabilize organs, cells and macromolecules ...
Riek Alexander - - 2012
Climate change is likely to substantially affect the distribution ranges of species. However, little is known about how different mammalian taxa respond morphologically and physiologically to a rapid change of climate. Our objective was to provide the first quantitative data on the effect of continuous cold exposure during development on ...
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