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Okafor Maria-Theresa C - - 2012
Although over 1.5 million African immigrants live in the US, few studies have examined the relationship of language acculturation to health outcomes among African immigrant adults. The primary objective of this research was to investigate the relationship between English proficiency and current self-rated health among African immigrant adults. Using a cross-sectional ...
Lee Hyo-Jong - - 2012
OBJECTIVES AND DESIGN: Arbutin, which is found in the genus Arctostaphylos, is an anti-oxidant and a depigmenting agent. The present study was designed to validate the anti-inflammatory effect of arbutin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The anti-inflammatory properties of arbutin were studied using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated murine BV2 microglial cells model. As ...
Perelaer Jolke - - 2012
A combination of photonic and microwave flash exposure is used to sinter inkjet printed silver nanoparticles. This approach leads to conductive features on polymer substrates in short times that are compatible with roll-to-roll production. The sequential process of sintering the as-printed features revealed a final conductivity of 40% of bulk ...
Racolta Silvia - - 2012
Triterpene cyclases catalyze a broad range of cyclization reactions to form polycyclic triterpenes. Triterpene cyclases that convert squalene to hopene are named squalene-hopene cyclases (SHC) and triterpene cyclases that convert oxidosqualene are named oxidosqualene cyclases (OSC). Many sequences have been published, but there is only one structure available for each ...
Vogel Matthias - - 2012
Occupational engagement is a pre-requisite for continuous income opportunities. Among the changing social circumstances work-related conditions play an increasingly eminent role in psychological and mental well-being. The public discusses the question of a possible association between the demands of modern work life and the increases of psychological, psychosomatic and cardiovascular ...
Iguchi Tetsuhiro - - 2012
Little is known about when and how progressive spondylolisthesis occurs. In this report segmental motion related to age and disc degeneration at L4/5 disc was investigated. 637 patients with low back and/or leg pain underwent radiologic and MRI examinations simultaneously. Because 190 patients with conditions which might impede accurate measurement ...
Bai Song - - 2012
NixCo100-x (x = 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100) nanoparticles were uniformly in-situ grown on reduced graphene oxide (RGO) nanosheets by a co-reduction process for the first time. The as-synthesized products were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), inductively coupled plasma ...
Barnabe Alexandra - - 2012
Previous studies have produced inconsistent results concerning the two components of autobiographical memory-personal semantic memory and episodic memory. Results in subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia of Alzheimer's type (DAT) have varied concerning the existence of a temporal gradient in retrograde amnesia. These results have important theoretical implications ...
Shetty Gurucharan S - - 2012
The imaging features of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis closely resemble those of gallbladder carcinoma, especially those of the wall-thickening variety. There is an overlap between these two conditions with respect to the clinical features and certain imaging findings. However, certain finer details like the presence of intramural hypoattenuating nodules and the type ...
Reyes L M - - 2012
Background: An imbalance between anti-angiogenic factors (e.g. soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (s-FLT1) and soluble endoglin (s-Eng)) and pro-angiogenic factors (e.g. placental growth factor (PlGF)) as well as increased oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) concentrations have been associated with preeclampsia (PE). Risk factors associated with the development of PE, however, ...
Gulati Roman - - 2012
To quantify the extent to which a clinically significant prostate cancer mortality reduction due to screening could have been masked by control arm screening (contamination) in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) trial. We used three independently developed models of prostate cancer natural history to conduct a virtual PLCO ...
White Crow - - 2012
Ecology Letters (2012) ABSTRACT: Coordinating decisions and actions among interacting sectors is a critical component of ecosystem-based management, but uncertainty about coordinated management's effects is compromising its perceived value and use. We constructed an analytical framework for explicitly calculating how coordination affects management decisions, ecosystem state and the provision of ...
Reedijk Jan - - 2012
The binding of transition metal compounds to nucleic acids is discussed in the perspectives of kinetics and their anticancer activity. Kinetics of ligand exchange is primarily determined by the intrinsic properties of the metal ions, and to a lesser degree by the ligands coordinated already to the metal ion. Metal ...
Kanda N - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Skin lesions with atopic dermatitis (AD) are associated with dysregulated expression of LL-37 and enhanced expression of IL-22, thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), IL-25, IL-31, and oncostatin M. Vitamin D3 enhances LL-37 production in keratinocytes. This study aimed to examine the serum levels of LL-37 and vitamin D3 and their ...
van Leeuwen C M C CM Swiss Paraplegic Research, Nottwil, - - 2012
Cross-sectional study 5 years after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. To examine the psychometric properties of the Mental Health subscale (MHI-5) of the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). Eight Dutch rehabilitation centres with specialised SCI units. Possible floor and ceiling effects were assessed, ...
Brinkman Adam S - - 2012
Lipoblastoma is a rare benign neoplasm of embryonic white fatty tissue primarily found in the extremities of children <3 years old (Batanian et al., Cancer Genet Cytogenet 125(1):10-13, 2001; McVay MR et al., J Pediatr Surg 41(6):1067-1071, 2006; Kamal et al., J Pediatr Surg 46(7):E9-E12, 2011). Translocations affecting the 8q11-13 region ...
Rusch George M - - 2012
HFO-1234ze is being developed as a refrigerant, propellant, and foam-blowing agent because it has a very low global warming potential (less than 10), as contrasted to the hydrofluorocarbons with values of over 500. Several toxicology studies were conducted to develop a toxicology profile for this material. There was no lethality ...
Saggi Subodh J SJ State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Renal Division, 450 Clarkson Avenue, Box 52, Brooklyn, NY 11203, - - 2012
Every year, more than 110,000 Americans are newly diagnosed with end-stage renal disease and in the overwhelming majority, maintenance dialysis therapy is initiated. However, most patients, having received no predialysis nephrology care or dietary counseling, are inadequately prepared for starting treatment; furthermore, the majority of patients do not have a ...
Gräske Johannes - - 2012
Objectives: Quality of life (QoL) is a major outcome parameter in dementia care. Self-ratings are considered the best way to evaluate QoL, but staff-ratings also provide valid results. In particular, the discrepancies between self-ratings and staff-ratings are underrepresented. The aim was to identify characteristics of people with dementia that improve ...
Iwabuchi Kazuhisa - - 2012
Over the last 30 years, many studies have indicated that glycosphingolipids (GSLs) expressed on the cell surface may act as binding sites for microorganisms. Based on their physicochemical characteristics, GSLs form membrane microdomains with cholesterol, sphingomyelin, glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins, and various signaling molecules, and GSL-enriched domains have been shown to ...
Rahman Sayed - - 2012
Deep accidental hypothermia (body temperature below 28°C) is rare. Even with modern supportive care of active external and internal rewarming techniques it is associated with a high mortality rate. We report the early and successful use of hemodialysis (HD) for active rewarming of a middle-aged alcoholic man with severe deep ...
Wang Tao - - 2012
SWI1 is a subunit of the SWI/SNF complex involved in chromatin remodeling. It contains an AT-rich interaction domain (ARID) which has the potential DNA binding activity. In this study, we determined the solution structure of the SWI1 ARID domain from Saccharomyces cerevisiae by NMR spectroscopy. Yeast SWI1 ARID domain is ...
Ribas Alexis - - 2012
A large number (828) of rodents belonging to nine genera (Bandicota, Berylmys, Chiropodomys, Hapalomys, Leopoldamys, Maxomys, Mus, Niviventer and Rattus) were trapped in four Thai provinces between 2008 and 2010. A new species of Protospirura (Nematoda: Spiruridae) was identified and described. Protospirura siamensis n. sp. was found in 10 rodent ...
Cochrane Andy - - 2012
There is increasing evidence for the relationship between circadian rhythm disturbance and cognitive decline in the older adult. This study measured circadian activity rhythms in a small group of healthy community-dwelling older adults (n = 26). Each participant completed a battery of neuropsychological tests and completed sleep diaries and 6 days of actigraphy. ...
Howard Marc W MW Department of Psychology, Center for Memory and Brain, Boston University, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2012
Episodic memory, which depends critically on the integrity of the medial temporal lobe (MTL), has been described as "mental time travel" in which the rememberer "jumps back in time." The neural mechanism underlying this ability remains elusive. Mathematical and computational models of performance in episodic memory tasks provide a specific ...
Malm Christer - - 2012
Using proteomics combined with immunohistochemistry (IHC), we re-evaluated our previous hypothesis that voluntary eccentric exercise does not result in inflammation or necrosis while it does lead to muscular adaptation/remodeling through Z-band related proteins. Muscle biopsies from m. vastus lateralis were taken from five control and five exercised subjects 48 h after ...
Zhao Li - - 2012
A new multiferroic material, CuBr(2) , is reported for the first time. CuBr(2) has not only a high transition temperature (close to liquid nitrogen temperature) but also low dielectric loss and strong magnetoelectric coupling. These findings reveal the importance of anion effects, in the search for the high temperature multiferroics ...
Lindsay Dana R - - 2012
Drinking water treatment typically uses strong oxidants such as chlorine which are capable of converting Cr(III) to Cr(VI). The rates and extent of Cr(III) oxidation by chlorine are not well established. Cr(III) oxidation experiments were therefore conducted in distilled deionized water and New York City tap water dosed initially with ...
Jan Arif Tasleem - - 2012
Mercury pollution is a major environmental problem that arises as a result of natural processes as well as from anthropogenic sources. In response to toxic mercury compounds, microbes have developed astonishing array of resistance systems to detoxify them. To address this challenge, this study was aimed in screening bacterial isolates ...
Xie Ping - - 2012
RNA polymerases are enzymes that transcribe genes from DNA onto strands of RNA. The transcription elongation by multi-subunit RNA polymerases is processive but nonuniform: one enzyme can translocate along the DNA template for thousands of nucleotide addition steps but, sometimes, it can enter backtracking long pauses. Here, we present a ...
Jurow Matthew M Hunter College and Graduate Center of the City University of New York, 695 Park Avenue, New York, New York 10065, - - 2012
A simple, high yield, two-step synthesis yields a porphyrin dimer linked by a flexible dithiol tether that preferentially binds fullerene C(70) over C(60) in toluene solution. The complex forms stable aggregates when cast on glass.
Trejo-Acevedo Antonio - - 2012
The aim of this study was to evaluate hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) exposure in children living in nine hot spots in four Mexican states. We analyzed HCH (α, β, and γ-isomers) in blood using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. HCH exposure level in 261 children was assessed and approximately 75 % of the children studied ...
Sieper Joachim - - 2012
First-line therapy for spondyloarthritis (SpA) has not yet altered in the wake of new classification criteria; NSAIDs and physical therapy are recommended. Anti-TNF agents can be used when NSAIDs fail, but their efficacy has potentially been limited in previous trials by inclusion criteria requiring the presence of established, active disease. ...
Makarikova Tatiana A - - 2012
Vampirolepis muraiae n. sp. (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea: Hymenolepididae) is described on the basis of a single specimen from a mouse-eared bat, Myotis sp., from Yunnan Province, China. It is distinguished from its congeners on the basis of the size and shape of the rostellar hooks, which have a blade shorter than ...
Caspers Julian - - 2012
The human extrastriate visual cortex comprises numerous functionally defined areas, which are not identified in the widely used cytoarchitectonical map of Brodmann. The ventral part of the extrastriate cortex is particularly devoted to the identification of visual objects, faces and word forms. We analyzed the region immediately antero-lateral to hOc4v ...
Thienpont Emmanuel - - 2012
Hypersensitivity to metallic implants remains relatively unpredictable and poorly understood. Although 20-25 % of total joint arthroplasty patients develop metal sensitivity, only a few highly susceptible persons (<1 %) exhibit symptoms. We present a case report of a fifty-two-year-old woman with a preoperatively documented metal allergy who underwent bilateral total knee arthroplasty ...
Cleland Stephen J - - 2012
Historically, clinical management of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) has been focused on glycaemic control, which is sometimes achieved at the expense of weight gain on intensive insulin regimes. Although HbA(1c) level is an important contributor to increased macrovascular risk, several prospective studies have concluded that factors related ...
Ordóñez María Victoria - - 2012
Ubiquitin-like proteins (Ubls) and ubiquitin-like domain-containing proteins (Ulds) found in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes display an ubiquitin fold. We previously characterized a 124-amino acid polypeptide (P400) from the haloalkaliphilic archaeon Natrialba magadii having structural homology with ubiquitin family proteins. The reported N. magadii's genome allowed the identification of the Nmag_2608 ...
Brugè Francesca - - 2012
Olive oil consumption is associated with protective cardiovascular properties, including some beneficial modifications in lipoprotein profile and composition. Coenzyme Q(10) (CoQ(10) ) exerts a protective effect on plasma lipoproteins. Aim of the study was to investigate whether extra virgin (EV) olive oil enriched with CoQ(10) affects CoQ(10) levels and oxidative ...
Rennebaum Sandra - - 2012
As part of the cytoskeleton, actin is essential for the morphology, motility, and division of eukaryotic cells. Recent X-ray fiber diffraction studies have shown that the conformation of monomeric actin is flattened upon incorporation into the filament by a relative rotation of its two major domains. The antiproliferative activity of ...
Boonsri Sompong - - 2012
The methyl ether derivatives , and of the mulberry Diels-Alder adducts chalcomoracin () and mulberrofuran C () and kuwanon J () respectively have been synthesized by a thermal [4 + 2]-cycloaddition reaction between a chalcone and dehydroprenyl diene. A H-bonded ortho OH substituent on the chalcone was found to be ...
Wu Li - - 2012
Using porphyrin-functionalized graphene, we construct a PCR-free, low-cost, rapid, and electrochemiluminenscence (ECL) assay for detection of telomerase activity that has been demonstrated in six different cell lines and can be used as initial screening of G-quadruplex DNA binding agents and telomerase inhibitors. This ECL sensor shows highly sensitive for detection ...
Schäfer Bárbara Tavares - - 2012
We have conducted a morphological study of the ampullae of Lorenzini on two shark species from Squatina Genus. In both species, S. guggenheim and S. occulta, the ampullae were observed like small pores scattered in the head region similar to other species of the Chondrichthyes Class. However, differently of the ...
Yue Hairong - - 2012
Ethylene glycol (EG) is an important organic compound and chemical intermediate used in a large number of industrial processes (e.g. energy, plastics, automobiles, and chemicals). Indeed, owing to its unique properties and versatile commercial applications, a variety of chemical systems (e.g., catalytic and non-catalytic) have been explored for the synthesis ...
Peltzer Karl - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe sexual risk behavior among 239 couples during pregnancy and to examine the relationship of sexual risk behavior with HIV serostatus and intimate partner violence. One-third (31.8 %) of pregnant women and 20.9 % of male partners were HIV positive. HIV risk factors included lack ...
Mona Mohammed H - - 2012
Context:Holothuria polii (H. polii)Linnaeus (Holothuriidae),Actinopyga mauritiana (A. mauritiana) Quoy & Gaimard (Holothuriidae) andBohadschia vitiensis(B. vitiensis) Semper (Holothuriidae) are sea cucumbers inhabiting the coasts of Egypt. Their tegument and the cuvierian gland contained a substance called holothurin that was used in traditional medicine. These three species are abundant in the Egyptian ...
Jones Judith K - - 2012
PURPOSE: Emerging interests in pharmacoepidemiology make it important to define the profession's core content. The International Society for Pharmacoepidemiology (ISPE)'s Education Committee sought to develop a consensus on its core disciplines. This report recapitulates their efforts and conclusions. METHODS: The survey for skill inventories conducted characterized the field of pharmacoepidemiology ...
Locatelli M - - 2012
In western countries, the process of "ageing of the population" is increasingly forcing clinical medicine to find answers for pathologies affecting the elder segments of our community. In this respect, pituitary adenomas often raise difficult questions on surgical indications, since little is known about postoperative morbidity and mortality in elderly ...
Kim Seon Ha - - 2012
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the EQ-5D health questionnaire for use in patients with cancer in Korea. METHODS: Patients with colorectal cancer were recruited from one ambulatory cancer center. Each participant consecutively self-administered the EQ-5D, the EORTC ...
Chen Jing - - 2012
Thrombin and platelet-derived growth factor-B chain (PDGF-B) are key factors in the stimulation of atherosclerosis. The effect of thrombin on PDGF-B production has been characterized. However, the underlying mechanism is still far clear. Here, we investigate the transcription factors and regulators that are involved in PDGF-B production caused by thrombin ...
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